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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2021_0005, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387930

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: The objective of this study was to present a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare total excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) for two training intervention models in healthy individuals, and the secondary objective was to understand whether oxygen consumption after exercise could really promote a meaningful help. Design: To design a meta-analysis review to compare two training intervention models (experimental: high-intensity interval training; and control: continuous moderate-intensity) and their effects on total EPOC in healthy individuals. Participants: Seventeen studies were considered to be of good methodological quality and with a low risk of bias. Methods: Literature searches were performed using the electronic databases with no restriction on year of publication. The keywords used were obtained by consulting Mesh Terms (PubMed) and DeCS (BIREME Health Science Descriptors). Results: The present study findings showed a tendency (random-effects model: 0.87, 95%-CI [0.35,1.38], I2=73%, p<0.01) to increase EPOC when measured following high-intensity interval training. Conclusions: Our study focused on the analysis of high- and moderate-intensity oxygen uptake results following exercise. Despite the growing popularity of high-intensity interval training, we found that the acute and chronic benefits remain limited. We understand that the lack of a standard protocol and standard training variables provides limited consensus to determine the magnitude of the EPOC. We suggest that longitudinal experimental studies may provide more robust conclusions. Another confounding factor in the studies investigated was the magnitude (time in minutes) of VO2 measurements when assessing EPOC. Measurement times ranged from 60 min to 720 min. Longitudinal studies and controlled experimental designs would facilitate more precise measurements and correct subject numbers would provide accurate effect sizes. Systematic reviewb of Level II studies.


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RESUMO Introdução: O objetivo deste estudo foi apresentar uma revisão sistemática e metanálise para comparar os efeitos de dois modelos de intervenção de treinamento sobre o consumo excessivo de oxigênio pós-exercício (EPOC) em indivíduos saudáveis em treinamento, e o objetivo secundário foi entender se o consumo de oxigênio depois de exercício realmente pode proporcionar ajuda substancial. Objetivo: Elaborar uma revisão de metanálise para comparar um modelo de treinamento de duas intervenções (experimental: treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade, e controle: contínuo de intensidade moderada) e o efeito sobre o EPOC total em indivíduos saudáveis. Participantes: Os 17 estudos foram considerados de boa qualidade metodológica e baixo risco de viés. Métodos: As buscas bibliográficas foram realizadas nos bancos de dados eletrônicos sem restrição de ano de publicação. Os descritores usados foram obtidos em MeSH (PubMed) e DeCS (Descritores em Ciências da Saúde da BIREME). Resultados: Os achados do presente estudo mostraram uma tendência (modelo de efeitos aleatórios: 0,87, IC 95% [0,35;1,38], I ² = 73%, p < 0,01) de aumento do EPOC quando as medidas foram realizadas depois de treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade. Conclusões: Nosso estudo concentrou-se na análise dos resultados de alta e moderada intensidade no consumo de oxigênio depois do exercício. Apesar da crescente popularidade do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade, descobrimos que os benefícios agudos e crônicos permanecem limitados. Entendemos que a falta de um protocolo e variáveis padronizadas de treinamento fornecem consenso limitado para determinar a magnitude do EPOC. Sugerimos que estudos experimentais longitudinais podem fornecer conclusões mais robustas. Outro fator de confusão nos estudos investigados foi a magnitude (tempo em minutos) das medidas do VO2na avaliação do EPOC. Os tempos de medição variaram de 60 a 720 min. Estudos longitudinais e projetos experimentais controlados facilitariam medições mais precisas e números corretos de indivíduos forneceriam tamanhos de efeito precisos. Nível de evidência II; Revisão sistemáticabde Estudos.

2.
Front Sports Act Living ; 3: 797604, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34977570

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to compare the oxygen consumption, lactate concentrations, and energy expenditure using three different intensities during the resistance training sessions. Methods: A total of 15 men (22.9 ± 2.61 years) experienced in resistance training underwent 3 sessions composed of 8 exercises (chest press, pec deck, squat, lat pull-down, biceps curl, triceps extension, hamstring curl, and crunch machine), which were applied in the same order. The weight lifted differed among the sessions [high session: 6 sets of 5 repetitions at 90% of 1-repetition maximum (1-RM); intermediary session: 3 sets of 10 repetitions at 75% of 1-RM; and low session: 2 sets of 15 repetitions at 60% of 1-RM]. The oxygen consumption (VO2)-during and after (excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC)) the session, blood lactate concentration, and energy expenditure (i.e., the sum of aerobic and anaerobic contributions, respectively) were assessed. Results: The VO2 significantly decreased in the function of the weight lifting (F (2.28) = 17.02; p < 0.01; η G 2 = 0.32). However, the aerobic contributions significantly increase in the function of the weight lifting (F (2.28) = 79.18; p < 0.01; η G 2 = 0.75). The anaerobic contributions were not different among the sessions (p > 0.05; η G 2 < 0.01). Thus, the total energy expenditure during the session (kcal) significantly increased in the function of the weight lifting (F (2.28) = 86.68; p < 0.01; η G 2 = 0.75). The energy expenditure expressed in time unit (kcal·min-1) was higher in low session than in high session (F (2.28) = 6.20; p < 0.01; η G 2 = 0.15). Conclusion: The weight lifted during resistance training-induced different physiological responses, which induced higher energy expenditure per unit of time during the low session.

3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(1): 78-91, jan.-mar., 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102548

RESUMO

O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito da suplementação de arginina (ARG) sobre marcadores indiretos do dano muscular induzido pelo exercício (DMIE). Participaram do estudo 24 jovens universitários do sexo masculino, com experiência mínima de 1 ano em treinamento de força. Os indivíduos foram alocados em 2 grupos, em seguindo delineamento experimental duplo -cego: suplementado com 7g de arginina (ARG, n=12) ou suplementado com 7g de placebo (PLA, n =12 ). O suplemento foi oferecido 30 min antes da realização do protocolo de 10 séries de 10 repetições máximas (RMs) realizadas no supino. Foram aferidas a circunferência torácica, a dor muscular de in ício tardio (DMIT), por meio da escala visual analógica (EVA), e a carga do teste de uma repetição máxima (1 RM) em repouso, 24h, 48h e 72h após a sessão de treinamento (ST). Os resultados foram analisados utilizando teste de análise de variância ANOVA de dois fatores), seguido pelo teste de Bonferroni. A DMIT apresentou maior magnitude no PLA, em todos momentos avaliados após a ST, em comparação ao grupo ARG (p<0,01). Foi observado maior decréscimo da produção de força no grupo PLA, em 72h após a ST , comparado ao grupo ARG (p<0,05). A suplementação aguda de ARG parece ter atenuado a magnitude da DMIT e acelerado a recuperação da força...(AU)


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of arginine (ARG) supplementation o nindirect markers of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). Twenty-four male graduate students, with a minimum of one year of experience in resistance training participated in the study . T he subject s were allocated in 2 groups in a double-blind experimental design: supplemented with 7 g o f argin ine (ARG, n=12) or supplemented with 7g of placebo (PLA, n=12). The dietary supplement was co n sum e d at 3 0 minutes prior to a protocol of 10 sets of 10 maximum repetitions performed in the bench press. Measurements of thoracic circumference, delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) using visual an alo gue scale (VAS), and one-repetition maximum (1RM) at rest, 24h, 48h and 72h after the training session (TS). The data were analyzed by ANOVA-two way, followed by the Bonferroni test. DOMS presented a reater magnitude for PLA, in all moments evaluated after TS, compared to the ARG group (p<0.01). There was a greater decrease in the strength for PLA, at 72h after TS, compared to ARG (p<0 .05 ). The acute ARG supplementation seems to attenuate the magnitude of DOMS and accelerate recovery of strength...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Arginina , Exercício Físico , Análise de Variância , Suplementos Nutricionais , Escala Richter , Força Muscular , Escala Visual Analógica , Músculos
4.
Clin Physiol Funct Imaging ; 40(2): 55-66, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674141

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Strength training (ST) is considered an important strategy for maintaining body weight, as it promotes an increase in total energy expenditure (EE). However, the combination and manipulation of variables (intensity and volume) allow for different training adaptations. However, it remains unclear as to what is the most important variable between volume or intensity for example number of sets, repetitions, or total load for maximizing EE during ST. Several studies have analyzed the EE response in ST, but still unclear the variable is able to increase EE in the ST. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to investigate the effect of ST on EE in adults using a systematic literature review and subsequent meta-analysis. METHODS: The search was performed on the electronic databases using the following keywords: strength training (resistance training; strength training; strength training method) and energy expenditure (energy metabolism; energy expenditure; caloric expenditure, caloric cost) with 'AND' and 'OR' combination. Manual searches of references were also conducted for additional relevant studies. After evaluating the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the selected studies were analysed according to strength training methods and the training variables used to measure EE. RESULTS: We identified two ST methods from the literature review: circuit training (CT) and traditional training (TT). Meta-analysis showed a significant effect on EE increase, which favour TT when compared with CT [-0·99 (95%CI: -1·96, -0·02), P<0·01] with I2 of 89% (P<0·01). After adjusting for bias risk, no significant differences were found in EE associated with intensity [-0·40, 95% CI (0·98, 0·18), P = 0·18). CONCLUSION: The present review and meta-analysis indicated that the intensity of exercise does not seem to be associated with an increase of EE in ST.


Assuntos
Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Treinamento de Força/métodos , Exercícios em Circuitos/métodos , Humanos
5.
J Strength Cond Res ; 34(9): 2693-2696, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29912080

RESUMO

Laurentino, GC, Loenneke, JP, Mouser, JG, Buckner, SL, Counts, BR, Dankel, SJ, Jessee, MB, Mattocks, KT, Iared, W, Tavares, LD, Teixeira, EL, and Tricoli, V. Validity of the handheld Doppler to determine lower-limb blood flow restriction pressure for exercise protocols. J Strength Cond Res 34(9): 2693-2696, 2020-Handheld (HH) Doppler is frequently used for determining the arterial occlusion pressure during blood flow restriction exercises; however, it is unknown whether the blood flow is occluded when the auscultatory signal is no longer present. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity between the HH Doppler and the Doppler ultrasound (US) measurements for determining the arterial occlusion pressure in healthy men. Thirty-five participants underwent 2 arterial occlusion pressure measurements. In the first measure, a pressure cuff (17.5 cm wide) was placed at the most proximal region of the thigh and the pulse of posterior tibial artery was detected using an HH Doppler probe. The cuff was inflated until the auscultatory pulse was no longer detected. After 10 minutes of rest, the procedure was repeated with the Doppler US probe placed on the superficial femoral artery. The cuff was inflated up to the point at which the femoral arterial blood flow was interrupted. The point at which the auscultatory pulse and blood flow were no longer detected was deemed the arterial occlusion pressure. There were no significant differences in arterial occlusion pressure level between the HH Doppler and the Doppler US (133 [±18] vs. 135 [±17] mm Hg, p = 0.168). There was a significant correlation (r = 0.938, p = 0.168), reasonable agreement, and a total error of the estimate of 6.0 mm Hg between measurements. Arterial occlusion pressure level determined by the HH Doppler and the Doppler US was similar, providing evidence that the HH Doppler is a valid and practical method.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos , Adulto , Pressão Arterial , Artérias/fisiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Coxa da Perna/irrigação sanguínea , Adulto Jovem
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