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2.
Ann Gastroenterol ; 32(4): 419-421, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263366

RESUMO

We report a case series of 4 patients who underwent routine gastrointestinal endoscopy under moderate sedation and developed corneal injuries. Although corneal abrasion has been reported as the most common ocular complication during non-ocular surgery under general anesthesia, the risk for corneal abrasion during routine endoscopic procedures using moderate sedation has not been previously reported. Symptoms reported included ocular burning, scratchy sensation, redness, and pain reported post-procedure. Endoscopists and staff should be alert to the occurrence of this potentially serious complication, as this is paramount for its prevention, diagnosis, and management. Treatment of corneal abrasion includes referral to ophthalmology for close monitoring, pain management, pressure patch, and antimicrobial prophylaxis.

3.
Endosc Int Open ; 7(6): E751-E756, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157292

RESUMO

Background and study aims Stent migration is a common complication of fully-covered self-expanding metal stents (FCSEMS), but the rate of clinically relevant migration as defined by stent migration followed by reintervention via endoscopy for stent replacement is unknown. The goal of this study is to gain insight into the total migration rate and clinically relevant migration rate of different types of FCSEMS placed within benign and malignant strictures with specific attention paid to stent manufacturer, diameter, and length. Patients and methods Multicenter retrospective analysis of endoscopic data from patients with FCSEMS placed within benign or malignant strictures. FCSEMS used included a variety of sizes and manufacturers. Results A total of 369 patients were included, 161 of whom had benign strictures and 208 of whom had malignant strictures. The total migration rate and clinically relevant migration rate in benign strictures were 30 % and 17 %, respectively. For benign strictures, Wallflex stents had a clinically relevant migration rate of 15 %, compared to Endomaxx stents with 19 %, and Evolution stents with 25 % ( P  = 0.52). The total migration rate and clinically relevant migration rates in malignant strictures were 23 % and 14 %, respectively. Evolution stents had a significantly higher clinically relevant migration rate (29 %) than the Wallflex stents (7 %) and the endomaxx stents (12 %), P  = 0.003. Conclusion This study is the largest to investigate migration rates for FCSEMS in benign and malignant strictures. Clinically relevant migration is a relatively common occurrence with all stent types studied and better anti-migration features are needed.

5.
Endosc Ultrasound ; 8(1): 36-42, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29770780

RESUMO

Backgrounds and Objectives: No study on the use of lumen-apposing fully covered self-expanding metal stent (LAMS) to drain pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs) has evaluated outcomes of patients in the outpatient setting. The objective of this multicenter study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes, success rate, and adverse events of the LAMS for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided transmural drainage of patients with symptomatic PFCs on an inpatient versus an outpatient basis. Methods: This was a multicenter, retrospective study conducted at 4 tertiary care centers. Results: We identified eighty patients with PFCs in whom EUS-guided transmural drainage using the LAMS was performed. The mean age of the patients was 53.1 years old. Mean size of the PFC was 11.8 ± 5.1 cm. A total of 33 patients had PFCs drained in an outpatient setting while 47 patients underwent PFC drainage as inpatients. The overall technical success (ability to access and drain a PFC by placement of transmural stents) was 98.7% (79 patients). There was no statistically significant difference in the technical success rate between the inpatient and outpatient groups (100% vs. 98%, respectively, P = 1). There was no significant difference in resolution of PFCs in the inpatient and outpatient groups (91% vs. 87% respectively; P = 1). The number of procedures required for PFC resolution was significantly lower in the inpatient group as compared to the outpatients (2.3 vs. 3.1 respectively, P = 0.025). Procedure-related adverse events were significantly lower in the inpatient group compared to the outpatient group (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in the 2 groups in terms of development of adverse events requiring endoscopic reintervention within 30 days of initial stent placement (P = 0.69). Conclusion: This study shows that LAMS placement for PFCs can be performed safely on an outpatient basis with overall technical and clinical outcomes that are comparable to those seen in inpatients.

6.
Endosc Ultrasound ; 8(2): 99-104, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29623911

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: We present a multicenter study of a new endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) needle (Acquire, Boston Scientific, Natick, MA). The aim of the study was to analyze the needle's clinical performance when sampling solid lesions and to assess the safety of this device. Methods: We performed a multicenter retrospective study of patients undergoing EUS-FNB during July 1-November 15, 2016. Results: Two hundred patients (121 males and 79 females) underwent EUS-FNB of solid lesions with the Acquire needle. Lesions included solid pancreatic masses (n = 109), adenopathy (n = 45), submucosal lesions (n = 34), cholangiocarcinoma (n = 8), liver lesions (n = 6), and other (n = 8). Mean lesion size was 30.6 mm (range: 3-100 mm). The mean number of passes per target lesion was 3 (range: 1-7). Rapid onsite cytologic evaluation (ROSE) by a cytologist was performed in all cases. Tissue obtained by EUS-FNB was adequate for evaluation and diagnosis by ROSE in 197/200 cases (98.5%). Data regarding the presence or absence of a core of tissue obtained after EUS-FNB were available in 145/200 procedures. In 131/145 (90%) of cases, a core of tissue was obtained. Thirteen out of 200 patients (6.5%) underwent some form of repeat EUS-based tissue acquisition after EUS-FNB with the Acquire needle. There were no adverse events. Conclusion: Overall, this study showed a high rate of tissue adequacy and production of a tissue core with this device with no adverse events seen in 200 patients. Comparative studies of different FNB needles are warranted in the future to help identify which needle type and size is ideal in different clinical settings.

7.
Ann Gastroenterol ; 31(6): 742-746, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386126

RESUMO

Background: There has been a paradigm shift in tertiary centers from endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) fine-needle aspiration to EUS fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) for tissue acquisition in solid lesions. While data exists on the use of FNB needles in solid pancreatic lesions, very few studies looked at the utility of FNB in solid extrapancreatic lesions. Our aim was to study and compare the technical success and feasibility of EUS-FNB in evaluating solid pancreatic and extrapancreatic lesions using a novel FNB needle. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with solid masses or lesions needing EUS-guided core biopsy at the University of Utah between May 2016 and November 2017. All core biopsies were obtained using an Acquire™Fine Needle Biopsy Device (Boston Scientific Corporation, Natick MA, USA). Rapid on-site evaluation was performed by a board-certified cytopathologist in all cases. Results: One hundred thirty-two patients (87 male) were included. Ninety-nine (73.3%) of the lesions were located in the pancreas. All needle sizes (19 G, 22 G and 25 G) had similar yield. The mean number of passes needed was 2.28±0.7. EUS-FNB of the pancreatic lesions had a diagnostic accuracy of 97.9%, comparable to the 97.2% for the biopsied extra-pancreatic lesions. Only 3 of 132 cases needed re-biopsy at a later date. No immediate adverse events were reported. Conclusion: In this large, single-center study, EUS-FNB with a novel Franseen-design needle was proven to be an effective modality for tissue acquisition from both pancreatic and extrapancreatic solid lesions.

8.
Endosc Ultrasound ; 7(6): 413-417, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29786035

RESUMO

EUS is most commonly used to evaluate and sample lesions of the abdomen but has only been used on rare occasions to evaluate and sample lung lesions. Prior reported cases of EUS sampling of lung lesions were performed by fine-needle aspiration. We present what is believed to be the first reported cases of EUS-guided core biopsy of intraparenchymal lung lesions through two separate case reports. Both patients had the upper lobe lesions not amenable to bronchoscopy or endobronchial ultrasound, and both patients underwent core biopsy without adverse event. This report of two cases shows that EUS-guided core biopsy of intraparenchymal lung lesions is technically possible and may not necessarily result in adverse events such as hemorrhage, pneumothorax, or infection.

9.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 87(6): 1499-1504, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29425886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: ERCP performed through previously placed enteral stents is an uncommon procedure without a significant amount of supporting literature and with a wide reported range of technical success. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and better define the technical feasibility and safety of performing ERCP through enteral stents in patients with combined malignant biliary and gastric outlet obstruction. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective study on 71 patients with combined gastric outlet and biliary obstruction who underwent ERCP through a previously placed enteral stent at 2 tertiary care centers. Outcomes included but were not limited to technical success, clinical success, need for repeat ERCP, adverse events, and survival time. RESULTS: Overall technical success was achieved in 60 of 71 patients (85%), with technical success of 40 of 46 (87%) in type I obstructions (gastric outlet obstruction above the ampulla), 16 of 21 (76%) in type II obstructions (gastric outlet obstruction at the level of the ampulla), and 4 of 4 (100%) in type III obstructions (gastric outlet obstruction distal to the ampulla). In general, patients who achieved technical success also achieved clinical success. Adverse events occurred in 3 patients (3/71): 2 patients with acute cholangitis and 1 patient with perforation. Average survival time after the procedure was 4.6 months overall. CONCLUSIONS: ERCP performed through enteral stents is safe, with a high technical and clinical success rate, but may be more technically challenging in the setting of type II obstructions. This procedure could be considered first line in the unique setting that a patient requires ERCP through a previously placed enteral stent for malignant gastric outlet and biliary obstruction.


Assuntos
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/métodos , Colestase/cirurgia , Duodeno , Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ampola Hepatopancreática , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/complicações , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/cirurgia , Neoplasias Duodenais/complicações , Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Endosc Ultrasound ; 6(6): 389-393, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29251273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To report the safety and clinical efficacy with the novel lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) with an electrocautery enhanced delivery system for the drainage of pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs). METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients with PFCs who underwent endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided drainage using the LAMS with an electrocautery enhanced delivery system in 2 US centers. RESULTS: Thirteen patients with PFCs (69% with walled-off necrosis [WON]) underwent drainage using the study device. Successful stent placement was accomplished in all patients. Direct endoscopic necrosectomy was carried out in all nine patients with WON complete resolution of the PFC was obtained in all 13 cases, with no recurrence during follow-up. There was one procedure-related adverse event. In one patient, the LAMS was dislodged immediately after deployment, falling into the stomach where it was removed. A second electrocautery enhanced LAMS was placed in this patient immediately afterward. CONCLUSIONS: EUS-guided drainage using the LAMS with the electrocautery-enhanced delivery system is a safe, easily performed, and a highly effective for the drainage of PFCs.

11.
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A ; 27(11): 1180-1184, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28481694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic intrapyloric Botox (onabotulinumtoxin A; Allergan Pharmaceuticals) injections can improve postfundoplication gastroparesis, but responses are not durable. Surgical pyloroplasty may relieve gastroparetic symptoms, but patient selection criteria are poorly defined. We hypothesize that pyloroplasty provides durable improvement in patients whose symptoms improved after Botox injection. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was performed of patients with postfundoplication gastroparesis who improved after Botox injection and then underwent pyloroplasty. Gastric emptying studies (GES), Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI) score, symptoms, and outcomes were reviewed. RESULTS: Ten patients received Heineke-Mikulicz pyloroplasty after reporting improvement with Botox injection. The mean operative time was 114 minutes (range 55-234 minutes). Three of 10 patients required conversion to open surgery, and the median length of stay was 3 days. Gastroparesis symptom improvement occurred in 9 of 10 patients. Postoperative GES normalized in 5/5 patients (median 205 decreased to 70 min, P < .05). Median preoperative GCSI was 3.67, improved to 2.22 at 1 month postsurgery (P = .010) and to 2.11 on most recent follow-up (P = .015). Median duration of follow-up was 34 months (range 1-101 months). CONCLUSION: Heineke-Mikulicz pyloroplasty can improve symptoms and gastric emptying times in patients with postfundoplication gastroparesis. Improvement with intrapyloric Botox injection may select candidates for pyloroplasty.


Assuntos
Antidiscinéticos/administração & dosagem , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/administração & dosagem , Gastroparesia/cirurgia , Piloro/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Feminino , Esvaziamento Gástrico , Gastroparesia/diagnóstico por imagem , Gastroparesia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Injeções Intralesionais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Endosc Int Open ; 5(4): E232-E238, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28367495

RESUMO

Background and study aims Long-term data are limited regarding clinical outcomes of self-expanding metal stents as an alternative for surgery in the treatment of acute proximal MBO. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes of stenting to surgery for palliation in patients with incurable obstructive CRC for lesions proximal to the splenic flexure. Patients and methods Retrospective multicenter cohort study of obstructing proximal CRC patients with who underwent insertion of a SEMS (n = 69) or surgery (n = 36) from 1999 to 2014. The primary endpoint was relief of obstruction. Secondary endpoints included technical success, duration of hospital stay, early and late adverse events (AEs) and survival. Results Technical success was achieved in 62/69 (89.8 %) patients in the SEMS group and in 36 /36 (100 %) patients who underwent surgery (P = 0.09). In the SEMS group, 10 patients underwent stenting as a bridge to surgery and 59 underwent stent placement for palliation. Clinical relief was achieved in 78 % of patients with stenting and in 100 % of patients who underwent surgery (P < 0.001). Patients with SEMS had significantly less acute AEs compared to the surgery group (7.2 % vs. 30.5 %, P = 0.003). Hospital mortality for the SEMS group was 0 % compared to 5.6 % in the surgery group (P = 0.11). Patients in the SEMS group had a significantly shorter median hospital stay (4 days) as compared to the surgery group (8 days) (P < 0.01). Maintenance of decompression without the recurrence of bowel obstruction until death or last follow-up was lower in the SEMS group (73.9 %) than the surgery group (97.3 %; P = 0.003). SEMS placement was associated with higher long-term complication rates compared to surgery (21 % and 11 % P = 0.27). Late SEMS AEs included occlusion (10 %), migration (5 %), and colonic ulcer (6 %). At 120 weeks, survival in the SEMS group was 5.6 % vs. 0 % in the surgery group (P = 0.8). Conclusions Technical and clinical success associated with proximal colonic obstruction are higher with surgery when compared to SEMS, but surgery is associated with longer hospital stays and more early AEs. SEMS should be considered the initial mode of therapy in patients with acute proximal MBO and surgery should be reserved for SEMS failure, as surgery involves a high morbidity and mortality.

13.
Dig Dis Sci ; 62(6): 1399-1408, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28421456

RESUMO

Endoscopic bariatric therapies are predicted to become much more widely used in North America for obese patients who are not candidates for bariatric surgery. Of all the endoscopic bariatric therapies, intragastric balloons (IGBs) have the greatest amount of clinical experience and published data supporting their use. Three IGBs are FDA approved and are now commercially available in the USA (Orbera, ReShape Duo, and Obalon) with others likely soon to follow. They are generally indicated for patients whose BMI ranges from 30 to 40 mg/kg2 and who have failed to lose weight with diet and exercise. IGBs have been shown to be safe, effective, and relatively straightforward to place and remove. Accommodative symptoms commonly occur within the initial weeks post-placement; however, major complications are rare. Gastric ulceration can occur in up to 10% of patients, while balloon deflation with migration and bowel obstruction occurs in <1% of patients. The effectiveness of the Orbera and ReShape Duo IGBs ranges from 25 to 50% EWL (excess weight loss) after 6 months of therapy. The use of IGBs is likely to grow dramatically in the USA, and gastroenterologists and endoscopists should be familiar with their indications/contraindications, efficacy, placement/removal, and complications.


Assuntos
Bariatria/instrumentação , Balão Gástrico , Obesidade/terapia , Bariatria/efeitos adversos , Contraindicações , Balão Gástrico/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 85(4): 766-772, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27569859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Postsurgical or traumatic bile duct leaks (BDLs) can be safely and effectively managed by endoscopic therapy via ERCP. The early diagnosis of BDL is important because unrecognized leaks can lead to serious adverse events (AEs). Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between timing of endotherapy after BDL and the clinical outcomes, AEs, and long-term results of endoscopic therapy. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective study on patients with BDLs who underwent ERCP between 2006 and 2014. Data were assembled on patient demographics, etiology of BDL, and procedural details. Endotherapy for BDLs were classified a priori into 3 groups based on timing of ERCP from time of biliary injury: within 1 day of BDL, on day 2 or 3 after BDL, and greater than 3 days after BDL. The relationship among timing of ERCP after BDL injury and outcomes, procedure-related AEs, and patient AEs and mortality were evaluated. RESULTS: From February 2006 to June 2014, 518 patients (50% male; mean age, 51.7 years) underwent ERCP for therapy of BDLs. The etiology of the BDL was laparoscopic cholecystectomy (70.7%), post-liver transplantation (11.2%), liver resection (14.1%), trauma (2.5%), and other causes (1.5%). Endotherapy was performed by placing a transpapillary stent alone (73.5%) or with a sphincterotomy (26.5%). The timing of ERCPs was as follows: ≤1 day = 57 patients, day 2 or 3 = 140 patients, and >3 days = 321 patients. There was no statistical difference in patient demographics, etiology/site of BDL, or type of endotherapy performed among the 3 groups. On multivariate analysis there was no statistically significant difference in BDL success rate for ERCPs performed within 1 day compared with those performed on day 2 or 3 or after 3 days of bile duct injury (91.2%, 90%, and 88.5%, respectively; P = .77). Similarly, there was no significant difference in the overall patient AE rate among the 3 groups (21.1%, 22.9%, and 24.6%, respectively; P = .81). AEs in men occurred significantly more frequently when compared with women, even after adjusting for age, BDL etiology, and location of leak (27.6% vs 19.9%; OR, 1.53; P = .04). Patients whose BDL was due to a cholecystectomy had a lower AE and mortality rate compared with those who had biliary injury from other etiologies (OR, .42; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The overall success rates and AEs after ERCP were not dependent on the timing of the procedure relative to the discovery of the bile leak. This suggests that ERCP in these patients can usually be performed in an elective, rather than an urgent, manner.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares/lesões , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Esfinterotomia Endoscópica/métodos , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/métodos , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Coledocolitíase/cirurgia , Ducto Cístico/lesões , Ducto Cístico/cirurgia , Feminino , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Fígado/lesões , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Dig Dis Sci ; 62(2): 424-431, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28012101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Esophagorespiratory fistulas (ERF) are a devastating complication of benign and malignant etiologies. ERF are associated with high mortality, short survival, and poor quality of life. We performed a multicenter analysis of patients with ERF undergoing endoscopic treatment. METHODS: Multicentre retrospective study. RESULTS: We analyzed 25 patients undergoing 35 procedures over an 8-year period. Our data showed high technical success rates (97.1% of procedures) and with good, but not ideal, clinical success rates (60% of procedures, 80% of patients), which were defined as fistula closure confirmed by radiographic or repeat endoscopic evaluation and/or a lack of recurrent episodes of clinical aspiration to focus on durable ERF closure as opposed to only initial success. Proximal ERF were the most difficult to manage with the lowest overall clinical success rates, highest rates of recurrent aspiration despite endoscopic therapy, highest adverse events, and shortest survival times. Adverse events occurred in 40.0% of our patients and were all minor. Treatment allowed for diet advancement in 75% of patients. CONCLUSION: This represents the largest recent collection of US data and the first multicenter study evaluating the clinical success of multiple treatment modalities while stratifying data by fistula etiology and esophageal location. The endoscopic approaches detailed in this study offer a minimally invasive and safe choice for intervention with the potential to improve quality of life despite overall suboptimal clinical success and survivorship rates for in with ERF.


Assuntos
Broncoscopia/métodos , Esofagoscopia/métodos , Stents , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Fístula Traqueoesofágica/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fístula Brônquica/cirurgia , Fístula Esofágica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Endosc Ultrasound ; 5(3): 178-83, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27386475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Standard endoscopic ultrasound-fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) needles are in widespread use. Meaningful differences between the available needles have been difficult to identify. Recently, a new EUS needle (Shark Core®, Covidien, Dublin, Leinster, Ireland), has been introduced in an attempt to improve diagnostic accuracy, tissue yield, and to potentially obtain a core tissue sample. We performed a pilot study prospectively to evaluate this new needle when compared to a standard EUS-FNA needle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of the first 15 patients undergoing EUS-FNA with the Shark Core needle was performed and it was compared to EUS-FNA in 15 patients who underwent EUS-FNA with a standard needle. RESULTS: The Shark Core needle required fewer needle passes to obtain diagnostic adequacy than the standard needle [(χ(2)(1) = 11.3, P < 0.001]. The Shark Core needle required 1.5 passes to reach adequacy, whereas the standard needle required three passes. For cases with cell blocks, the Shark Core needle produced diagnostic material in 85% of cases [95% confidence interval (CI): 54-98], whereas the standard needle produced diagnostic material in 38% of the cases (95% CI: 9-76). The Shark Core needle produced actual tissue cores 82% of the time (95% CI: 48-98) and the standard needle produced no tissue cores (95% CI: 0-71) (P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: This pilot study found that the Shark Core needle had a high rate of producing adequate cytologic material for the diagnosis of pancreatic and peri-pancreatic lesions sampled by EUS with fewer passes required to obtain a definitive diagnosis and with a high rate of tissue cores being obtained when compared to a standard FNA needle.

18.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 83(2): 353-9, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26297868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with cirrhosis may be less than optimal candidates for ERCP because of underlying ascites, coagulopathy, encephalopathy, and other problems. Although the risks of surgery in patients with cirrhosis are well known, few data are available regarding ERCP in patients with cirrhosis. We performed a retrospective, multicenter study of ERCP in patients with cirrhosis to evaluate outcomes, efficacy, and safety. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective study. RESULTS: A total of 538 ERCP procedures were performed on 328 patients with cirrhosis. A total of 229 patients had Child-Pugh (CP) class A, 229 patients had CP class B, and 80 patients had CP class C. Thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy were corrected before ERCP. The 30-day, procedure-related adverse events included post-ERCP pancreatitis (n = 25, 4.6%: 21 mild, 3 moderate, 1 severe), hemorrhage (n = 6, 1.1%), cholangitis (n = 15, 2.8%), perforation (n = 2, 0.4%), aspiration pneumonia (n = 5, 0.9%), bile leakage (n = 1, 0.2%), cholecystitis (n = 1, 0.2%), and death (n = 1, 0.2%). There was a higher incidence of adverse events in patients with CP class B and C disease when compared with those with CP class A disease (11.4%, 11.3%, and 6.1%, respectively; P = .048). There was no correlation between the risk of significant hemorrhage and the presence of coagulopathy or CP class, even in those who underwent a sphincterotomy. The presence of poorly controlled encephalopathy correlated with a higher overall adverse event rate (P = .003). Sub-analysis revealed that patients without primary sclerosing cholangitis had a significantly higher overall rate of adverse events, pancreatitis, bleeding, and cardiopulmonary adverse events after ERCP when compared with those with primary sclerosing cholangitis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study was performed on a large series of patients with cirrhosis undergoing ERCP. Overall, the adverse events seen in patients with cirrhosis are similar to those seen in the general population of patients undergoing ERCP, although patients with CP classes B and C have higher adverse event rates compared with those with CP class A. Patients with cirrhosis without primary sclerosing cholangitis had significantly greater adverse event rates when compared with patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis.


Assuntos
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/métodos , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 83(4): 699-707, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26515956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: EUS-guided drainage of peripancreatic fluid collection (PFC) (pancreatic pseudocyst [PP] or walled-off necrosis [WON]) by using a novel lumen-apposing, fully covered, self-expandable metal stent (LAMS) has been promising, but few of these data are from the United States. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes and safety of EUS-guided drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts and WON by using the LAMS. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective study on 82 patients with symptomatic PFC who underwent EUS-guided drainage by using the LAMS at 4 U.S. tertiary care centers. Outcomes evaluated included successful placement of the LAMS, the number of patients in whom complete resolution of PPs or WON was achieved, the number of procedures performed per patient to achieve PFC resolution, and adverse events. RESULTS: The mean size of the PFC was 11.8 cm. LAMSs were successfully placed in 80 patients (97.5%). Twelve patients had PP and 68 had WON. The median stent in-dwelling time was 2 months (range 1-3 months). Endoscopic debridement with the LAMS in WON was performed in 54 patients. The patency of the stent was maintained in 98.7% of the patients (77/78). There was spontaneous dislodgment of 2 LAMSs. Successful endoscopic therapy by using the LAMS was successful in 12 of 12 patients (100%) with PP compared with 60 of 68 patients (88.2%) with WON. All stents were endoscopically removed from all patients after peripancreatic fluid collection (PFC) resolution. There was 1 PFC recurrence during the 3-month median follow-up period. Procedure-related adverse events occurred in 8 patients (9.8%), and included stent maldeployment (n = 2), and self-limited bleeding (n = 6). In 1 patient with stent maldeployment gastric perforation developed, and the patient underwent surgical repair. CONCLUSION: EUS-guided drainage of PFCs by using the novel LAMS has high technical and long-term success rates. Due to its ease of use, the LAMSs may simplify and streamline EUS-guided management of PFCs, particularly for the endoscopic debridement of WON, and may help in its widespread adoption as an alternative to surgery.


Assuntos
Drenagem/instrumentação , Pâncreas/patologia , Pseudocisto Pancreático/cirurgia , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Líquidos Corporais , Desbridamento , Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Endossonografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose/cirurgia , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Falha de Prótese , Implantação de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Estados Unidos
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