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1.
J Am Chem Soc ; 145(9): 5474-5485, 2023 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36812073

RESUMO

Stable redox-active conjugated molecules with exceptional electron-donating abilities are key components for the design and synthesis of ultralow band gap conjugated polymers. While hallmark electron-rich examples such as pentacene derivatives have been thoroughly explored, their poor air stability has hampered their broad incorporation into conjugated polymers for practical applications. Herein, we describe the synthesis of the electron-rich, fused pentacyclic pyrazino[2,3-b:5,6-b']diindolizine (PDIz) motif and detail its optical and redox behavior. The PDIz ring system exhibits a lower oxidation potential and a reduced optical band gap than the isoelectronic pentacene while retaining greater air stability in both solution and the solid state. The enhanced stability and electron density, together with readily installed solubilizing groups and polymerization handles, allow for the use of the PDIz motif in the synthesis of a series of conjugated polymers with band gaps as small as 0.71 eV. The tunable absorbance throughout the biologically relevant near-infrared I and II regions enables the use of these PDIz-based polymers as efficient photothermal therapeutic reagents for laser ablation of cancer cells.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 62(8): 3660-3668, 2023 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36780701

RESUMO

Using cationic ligands containing both aromatic and aliphatic coordination sites, we have synthesized and structurally characterized five new CuX-based hybrid materials consisting of anionic inorganic motifs that also form coordinate bonds with the cationic organic ligands. As a result of the unique bonding nature at the inorganic/organic interfaces, these compounds demonstrate strong resistance toward heat and can be readily processed in solution. They emit light in the visible region ranging from cyan to yellow color, with the highest photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) reaching 71%. The influence of the different coordination modes of the ligands on their emission behavior was investigated employing both experimental and theoretical methods, which have provided insight in understanding structure-property relationships in these materials and guidelines for tuning and enhancing their chemical and physical properties.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 145(5): 3031-3039, 2023 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696099

RESUMO

The synthesis of bimetallic molecular silicide complexes is reported, based on the use of multiple Si-H bond activations in SiH4 at the metal centers of 14-electron LCoI fragments (L = Tp″, HB(3,5-diisopropylpyrazolyl)3-; [BP2tBuPz], PhB(CH2PtBu2)2(pyrazolyl)). Upon exposure of (Tp″Co)2(µ-N2) (1) to SiH4, a mixture of (Tp″Co)2(µ-H) (2) and (Tp″Co)2(µ-H)2 (3) was formed and no evidence for Si-H oxidative addition products was observed. In contrast, [BP2tBuPz]-supported Co complexes led to Si-H oxidative additions with the generation of silylene and silicide complexes as products. Notably, the reaction of ([BP2tBuPz]Co)2(µ-N2) (5) with SiH4 gave the dicobalt silicide complex [BP2tBuPz](H)2Co═Si═Co(H)2[BP2tBuPz] (8) in high yield, representing the first direct route to a symmetrical bimetallic silicide. The effect of the [BP2tBuPz] ligand on Co-Si bonding in 7 and 8 was explored by analysis of solid-state molecular structures and density functional theory (DFT) investigations. Upon exposure to CO or DMAP (DMAP = 4-dimethylaminopyridine), 8 converted to the corresponding [BP2tBuPz]Co(L)x adducts (L = CO, x = 2; L = DMAP, x = 1) with concomitant loss of SiH4, despite the lack of significant Si-H interactions in the starting complex. On heating to 60 °C, 8 underwent reaction with MeCl to produce small quantities of MexSiH4-x (x = 1-3), demonstrating functionalization of the µ-silicon atom in a molecular silicide to form organosilanes.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(78): 10969-10972, 2022 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089837

RESUMO

The anion SiF62- exerts a strong template effect, driving the exclusive assembly of two different bispyridylpyrazolyl ligands into a triple stranded Fe(II) dinuclear heteroleptic helicate, engendering a new class within the large family of coordination helicates.


Assuntos
Compostos Ferrosos , Ânions , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares
5.
Sci Adv ; 8(29): eabp8823, 2022 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35857832

RESUMO

Footwear, carpet, automotive interiors, and multilayer packaging are examples of products manufactured from several types of polymers whose inextricability poses substantial challenges for recycling at the end of life. Here, we show that chemical circularity in mixed-polymer recycling becomes possible by controlling the rates of depolymerization of polydiketoenamines (PDK) over several orders of magnitude through molecular engineering. Stepwise deconstruction of mixed-PDK composites, laminates, and assemblies is chemospecific, allowing a prescribed subset of monomers, fillers, and additives to be recovered under pristine condition at each stage of the recycling process. We provide a theoretical framework to understand PDK depolymerization via acid-catalyzed hydrolysis and experimentally validate trends predicted for the rate-limiting step. The control achieved by PDK resins in managing chemical and material entropy points to wide-ranging opportunities for pairing circular design with sustainable manufacturing.

6.
Chem Sci ; 13(22): 6619-6625, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35756530

RESUMO

Copper boryl species have been widely invoked as reactive intermediates in Cu-catalysed C-H borylation reactions, but their isolation and study have been challenging. Use of the robust dinucleating ligand DPFN (2,7-bis(fluoro-di(2-pyridyl)methyl)-1,8-naphthyridine) allowed for the isolation of two very thermally stable dicopper(i) boryl complexes, [(DPFN)Cu2(µ-Bpin)][NTf2] (2) and [(DPFN)Cu2(µ-Bcat)][NTf2] (4) (pin = 2,3-dimethylbutane-2,3-diol; cat = benzene-1,2-diol). These complexes were prepared by cleavage of the corresponding diborane via reaction with the alkoxide [(DPFN)Cu2(µ-O t Bu)][NTf2] (3). Reactivity studies illustrated the exceptional stability of these boryl complexes (thermal stability in solution up to 100 °C) and their role in the activation of C(sp)-H bonds. X-ray diffraction and computational studies provide a detailed description of the bonding and electronic structures in these complexes, and suggest that the dinucleating character of the naphthyridine-based ligand is largely responsible for their remarkable stability.

7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(54): 7530-7533, 2022 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703317

RESUMO

An asymmetric bis-phenol-ß-diketone (H4L) has been designed as a ligand programmed to promote the assembly of a molecular arrangement composed of three magnetically exchanged [NiCu] pairs, each exhibiting an S = 1/2 spin. The latter are shown by EPR and magnetometry to be good qubit realizations and non-equivalent within the molecule in the solid state, as required for conditional quantum gates.

8.
Molecules ; 27(6)2022 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35335383

RESUMO

The current discussion on whether scandium, yttrium and lanthanum should represent Group 3 in the Periodic Table or whether lutetium should replace lanthanum in the group has prompted us to further explore the structural chemistry of the Group 3 elements and compare the coordination numbers and coordination geometries adopted. The steric and electronic properties of the coordinated ligands have a major influence on the structures adopted. We report the synthesis and crystal structure determination of an unusual dinuclear scandium complex [(bipy)(NO3)2Sc(µ-OH)2Sc(NO3)2(bipy)] obtained by the reaction of hydrated scandium nitrate with 2,2'-bipyridyl (bipy) in either ethanol or nitromethane. The crystal structure of the complex shows that the scandium centers are eight coordinate, and the structure obtained contrasts with related complexes found in the lanthanide series [Ln(bipy)2(NO3)3] and [Ln(phen)2(NO3)3] (phen = phenanthroline) and in [M(terpy)(NO3)3] (M = Sc, Er-Lu), where these complexes are all mononuclear.


Assuntos
2,2'-Dipiridil , Nitratos , Ligantes , Óxidos de Nitrogênio , Escândio
9.
Chempluschem ; 87(4): e202200023, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35195369

RESUMO

Herein we introduce fully modular synthesis leading to three representative examples of rigid molecular rods that are intended to form sturdy monolayers on various surfaces. These molecules contain two triptycene units that are designed to interlock into a compact "double-decker" structure. Two of the three final products provided suitable crystals for X-ray diffraction (analyzed on synchrotron), allowing deeper insight into packing in the 3-D crystal lattice. The acidity of all three compounds were determined by capillary electrophoresis, and the pKa values ranged between 2.06-2.53. All three rigid rods easily formed Langmuir-Blodgett monolayers (LBMs) on the water-air interfaces, with the area per molecule equal to 55-59 Å2 /molecule, suggesting tight intermolecular packing. The thickness of all three films reached ∼19 Šafter transfer to a gold (111) surface, meaning that individual molecules are tilted maximally 38° from the axis perpendicular to the surface. The structure of one of these films on a gold (111) surface was visualized by AFM. These geometrically unique molecules represent promising platforms with a wide scope of applicability in the supramolecular architecture.


Assuntos
Antracenos , Água , Água/química
10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(20): 3302-3305, 2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35175262

RESUMO

Ring-opening of furans at the equatorial methylene bridge positions of a calix[4]arene gives access to a range of new molecules (in good yield) that have widespread potential impact in supramolecular chemistry amongst other areas.

11.
Chem Sci ; 13(5): 1375-1381, 2022 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35222921

RESUMO

Luminescent metal-organic frameworks (LMOFs) with diverse structural features and promising fluorescence-based applications have attracted wide attention in the past two decades. In this work, a LMOF with the formula [Ca4(tcbpe-F)2(H2O)3] (1, LMOF-411) has been constructed from calcium (Ca) and 1,1,2,2-tetrakis(4-(4-carboxyphenyl)phenyl)ethene (H4tcbpe-F). Compound 1 features a three-dimensional framework with a 10-nodal net topology. Due to the relatively high hydration energy of Ca2+, compound 1 readily transforms into a new phase formulated as [Ca(H2tcbpe-F)(H2O)2] (1') upon exposure to water. Combining experimental characterization and theoretical calculations, we elucidated the mechanism of H2O-induced phase transition from 1 to 1'. Notably, the water induced phase transformation can be detected visibly from the change in luminescence, which originates from the fluorescent linker. Compound 1 emits green light (λ em = 490 nm) under UV excitation, while compound 1' emits bright yellow light (λ em = 550 nm) under blue excitation (450 nm). Compound 1' represents the first Ca based LMOF yellow phosphor and its luminescence quantum yield reaches 68%. It can be coated directly onto a commercial blue light-emitting-diode (LED) chip to fabricate a white LED (WLED).

12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(6): e202115585, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34843165

RESUMO

Air pollution by SO2 and NO2 has caused significant risks on the environment and human health. Understanding the mechanism of active sites within capture materials is of fundamental importance to the development of new clean-up technologies. Here we report the crystallographic observation of reversible coordinative binding of SO2 and NO2 on open NiII sites in a metal-organic framework (NKU-100) incorporating unprecedented {Ni12 }-wheels; each wheel exhibits six open NiII sites on desolvation. Immobilised gas molecules are further stabilised by cooperative host-guest interactions comprised of hydrogen bonds, π⋅⋅⋅π interactions and dipole interactions. At 298 K and 1.0 bar, NKU-100 shows adsorption uptakes of 6.21 and 5.80 mmol g-1 for SO2 and NO2 , respectively. Dynamic breakthrough experiments have confirmed the selective retention of SO2 and NO2 at low concentrations under dry conditions. This work will inspire the future design of efficient sorbents for the capture of SO2 and NO2 .

13.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6818, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819494

RESUMO

Topochemical polymerization reactions hold the promise of producing ultra-high molecular weight crystalline polymers. However, the totality of topochemical polymerization reactions has failed to produce ultra-high molecular weight polymers that are both soluble and display variable functionality, which are restrained by the crystal-packing and reactivity requirements on their respective monomers in the solid state. Herein, we demonstrate the topochemical polymerization reaction of a family of para-azaquinodimethane compounds that undergo facile visible light and thermally initiated polymerization in the solid state, allowing for the first determination of a topochemical polymer crystal structure resolved via the cryoelectron microscopy technique of microcrystal electron diffraction. The topochemical polymerization reaction also displays excellent functional group tolerance, accommodating both solubilizing side chains and reactive groups that allow for post-polymerization functionalization. The thus-produced soluble ultra-high molecular weight polymers display superior capacitive energy storage properties. This study overcomes several synthetic and characterization challenges amongst topochemical polymerization reactions, representing a critical step toward their broader application.

14.
Chem Sci ; 12(42): 14189-14197, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760204

RESUMO

Fluorosis has been regarded as a worldwide disease that seriously diminishes the quality of life through skeletal embrittlement and hepatic damage. Effective detection and removal of fluorinated chemical species such as fluoride ions (F-) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) from drinking water are of great importance for the sake of human health. Aiming to develop water-stable, highly selective and sensitive fluorine sensors, we have designed a new luminescent MOF In(tcpp) using a chromophore ligand 2,3,5,6-tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)pyrazine (H4tcpp). In(tcpp) exhibits high sensitivity and selectivity for turn-on detection of F- and turn-off detection of PFOA with a detection limit of 1.3 µg L-1 and 19 µg L-1, respectively. In(tcpp) also shows high recyclability and can be reused multiple times for F- detection. The mechanisms of interaction between In(tcpp) and the analytes are investigated by several experiments and DFT calculations. These studies reveal insightful information concerning the nature of F- and PFOA binding within the MOF structure. In addition, In(tcpp) also acts as an efficient adsorbent for the removal of F- (36.7 mg g-1) and PFOA (980.0 mg g-1). It is the first material that is not only capable of switchable sensing of F- and PFOA but also competent for removing the pollutants via different functional groups.

15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(34): 13686-13693, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424708

RESUMO

Nonheme iron oxygenases utilize dioxygen to accomplish challenging chemical oxidations. A further understanding of the Fe-O2 intermediates implicated in these processes is challenged by their highly transient nature. To that end, we have developed a ligand platform featuring phosphinimide donors intended to stabilize oxidized, high-spin iron complexes. O2 exposure of single crystals of a three-coordinate Fe(II) complex of this framework allowed for in crystallo trapping of a terminally bound Fe-O2 complex suitable for XRD characterization. Spectroscopic and computational studies of this species support a high-spin Fe(III) center antiferromagnetically coupled to a superoxide ligand, similar to that proposed for numerous nonheme iron oxygenases. In addition to the apparent stability of this synthetic Fe-O2 complex, its ability to engage in a range of stoichiometric and catalytic oxidation processes demonstrates that this iron-phosphinimide system is primed for development in modeling oxidizing bioinorganic intermediates and green oxidation chemistry.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Superóxidos/química , Amidas/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Iminas/química , Ligantes
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283555

RESUMO

Adsorptive separation by porous solids provides an energy-efficient alternative for the purification of important chemical species compared to energy-intensive distillations. Particularly, the separation of linear hexane isomers from its branched counterparts is crucial to produce premium grade gasoline with high research octane number (RON). Herein, we report the synthesis of a new, flexible zinc-based metal-organic framework, [Zn5(µ3-OH)2(adtb)2(H2O)5·5 DMA] (Zn-adtb), constructed from a butterfly shaped carboxylate linker with underlying (4,8)-connected scu topology capable of separating the C6 isomers nHEX, 3MP, and 23DMB. The sorbate-sorbent interactions and separation mechanisms were investigated and analyzed through in situ FTIR, solid state NMR measurements and computational modeling. These studies reveal that Zn-adtb discriminates the nHEX/3MP isomer pair through a kinetic separation mechanism and the nHEX/23DMB isomer pair through a molecular sieving mechanism. Column breakthrough measurements further demonstrate the efficient separation of linear nHEX from the mono- and dibranched isomers.

17.
Nat Chem ; 13(7): 660-665, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941902

RESUMO

Double helical conformation of polymer chains is widely observed in biomacromolecules and plays an essential role in exerting their biological functions, such as molecular recognition and information storage. It has remained challenging, however, to prepare synthetic helical polymers, and those that exist have mainly been limited to single-stranded polymers or short oligomeric double helices. Here, we report the synthesis of covalent helical polymers, with a high molecular weight, from the achiral monomer hexahydroxytriphenylene through to spiroborate formation. Polymerization and crystallization occurred simultaneously under solvothermal conditions to form single crystals of the resulting helical covalent polymers. Characterization by single-crystal X-ray diffraction showed that each crystal consisted of pairs of mechanically entwined polymers. No strong non-covalent interactions were observed between the two helical polymers that formed a pair; instead, each strand interacted with neighbouring pairs through hydrogen bonding. Each individual crystal was made up of helical polymers of the same handedness, but the crystallization process produced a racemic conglomerate, with equal amounts of right-handed and left-handed crystals.

18.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(28): 15541-15547, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826198

RESUMO

Industrial purification of propylene and ethylene requires cryogenic distillation and selective hydrogenation over palladium catalysts to remove propane, ethane and/or trace amounts of acetylene. Here, we report the excellent separation of equimolar mixtures of propylene/propane and ethylene/ethane, and of a 1/100 mixture of acetylene/ethylene by a highly robust microporous material, MFM-520, under dynamic conditions. In situ synchrotron single crystal X-ray diffraction, inelastic neutron scattering and analysis of adsorption thermodynamic parameters reveal that a series of synergistic host-guest interactions involving hydrogen bonding and π⋅⋅⋅π stacking interactions underpin the cooperative binding of alkenes within the pore. Notably, the optimal pore geometry of the material enables selective accommodation of acetylene. The practical potential of this porous material has been demonstrated by fabricating mixed-matrix membranes comprising MFM-520, Matrimid and PIM-1, and these exhibit not only a high permeability for propylene (≈1984 Barrer), but also a separation factor of 7.8 for an equimolar mixture of propylene/propane at 298 K.

19.
Nature ; 592(7853): 225-231, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33828319

RESUMO

Microporous polymers feature shape-persistent free volume elements (FVEs), which are permeated by small molecules and ions when used as membranes for chemical separations, water purification, fuel cells and batteries1-3. Identifying FVEs that have analyte specificity remains a challenge, owing to difficulties in generating polymers with sufficient diversity to enable screening of their properties. Here we describe a diversity-oriented synthetic strategy for microporous polymer membranes to identify candidates featuring FVEs that serve as solvation cages for lithium ions (Li+). This strategy includes diversification of bis(catechol) monomers by Mannich reactions to introduce Li+-coordinating functionality within FVEs, topology-enforcing polymerizations for networking FVEs into different pore architectures, and several on-polymer reactions for diversifying pore geometries and dielectric properties. The most promising candidate membranes featuring ion solvation cages exhibited both higher ionic conductivity and higher cation transference number than control membranes, in which FVEs were aspecific, indicating that conventional bounds for membrane permeability and selectivity for ion transport can be overcome4. These advantages are associated with enhanced Li+ partitioning from the electrolyte when cages are present, higher diffusion barriers for anions within pores, and network-enforced restrictions on Li+ coordination number compared to the bulk electrolyte, which reduces the effective mass of the working ion. Such membranes show promise as anode-stabilizing interlayers in high-voltage lithium metal batteries.

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