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1.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(5): 565-572, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038991

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to compare patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) and conventional surgical instrumentation (CSI) for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in terms of early implant migration, alignment, surgical resources, patient outcomes, and costs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was a prospective, randomized controlled trial of 50 patients undergoing TKA. There were 25 patients in each of the PSI and CSI groups. There were 12 male patients in the PSI group and seven male patients in the CSI group. The patients had a mean age of 69.0 years (sd 8.4) in the PSI group and 69.4 years (sd 8.4) in the CSI group. All patients received the same TKA implant. Intraoperative surgical resources and any surgical waste generated were recorded. Patients underwent radiostereometric analysis (RSA) studies to measure femoral and tibial component migration over two years. Outcome measures were recorded pre- and postoperatively. Overall costs were calculated for each group. RESULTS: There were no differences (p > 0.05) in any measurement of migration at two years for either the tibial or femoral components. Movement between one and two years was < 0.2 mm, indicating stable fixation. There were no differences in coronal or sagittal alignment between the two groups. The PSI group took a mean 6.1 minutes longer (p = 0.04) and used a mean 3.4 less trays (p < 0.0001). Total waste generated was similar (10 kg) between the two groups. The PSI group cost a mean CAD$1787 more per case (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: RSA criteria suggest that both groups will have revision rates of approximately 3% at five years. The advantages of PSI were minimal or absent for surgical resources used and waste eliminated, and for meeting target alignment, yet had significantly greater costs. Therefore, we conclude that PSI may not offer any advantage over CSI for routine primary TKA cases. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:565-572.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/instrumentação , Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/economia , Canadá , Assistência à Saúde/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Knee ; 26(1): 97-105, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30554906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As assessment with inertial-measurement-units (IMUs) increases in research and in clinics, it is important to be aware of the repeatability of these sensors. The objectives of this experiment were to evaluate the measurement repeatability of IMU joint angles using a repeatable robot controller and an anthropomorphic leg phantom and to determine effects of joint speed and sensor positioning on the angles collected by these sensors. Comparisons to an electro-goniometer and three-dimensional (3D) motion capture cameras were also completed. METHODS: Two dual-IMU setups (posterior and lateral) were tested concurrently with an electro-goniometer and 3D motion capture cameras using a repeatable robot controller and a leg phantom. All modalities were attached to the phantom, which was flexed 10 times using a pre-programmed motion pathway during each test. Mean angles were compared across tests. Effects of joint speed, sensor re-positioning, and anatomical placement of the sensors on repeatability were assessed. RESULTS: Re-positioning caused greater deviation to the maximum and minimum angles than differences in speed. Overall, the means ±â€¯standard deviations, and 95% confidence intervals of the maximum angles across all tests for the 3D camera markers, electro-goniometer, posterior IMUs, and lateral IMUs were 119.4 ±â€¯0.3° (119.4, 119.5), 112.4 ±â€¯0.5° (112.3, 112.5), 116.2 ±â€¯2.4° (115.7, 116.7), and 118.3 ±â€¯1.1° (118.1, 118.6). CONCLUSIONS: Both posterior and lateral IMU setups demonstrated acceptable repeatability in measurement of range of motion that was advantageous to manual goniometer methods. Posterior and lateral IMU setups demonstrated overlapping standard deviations about their means.


Assuntos
Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Movimento (Física) , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transdutores
3.
Bone Joint J ; 100-B(7): 891-897, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29954202

RESUMO

Aims: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in the rate of wear between acetabular components positioned within and outside the 'safe zones' of anteversion and inclination angle. Patients and Methods: We reviewed 100 hips in 94 patients who had undergone primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) at least ten years previously. Patients all had the same type of acetabular component with a bearing couple which consisted of a 28 mm cobalt-chromium head on a highly crosslinked polyethylene (HXLPE) liner. A supine radiostereometric analysis (RSA) examination was carried out which acquired anteroposterior (AP) and lateral paired images. Acetabular component anteversion and inclination angles were measured as well as total femoral head penetration, which was divided by the length of implantation to determine the rate of polyethylene wear. Results: The mean anteversion angle was 19.4° (-15.2° to 48°, sd 11.4°), the mean inclination angle 43.4° (27.3° to 60.5°, sd 6.6°), and the mean wear rate 0.055 mm/year (sd 0.060). Exactly half of the hips were positioned inside the 'safe zone'. There was no difference (median difference, 0.012 mm/year; p = 0.091) in the rate of wear between acetabular components located within or outside the 'safe zone'. When compared to acetabular components located inside the 'safe zone', the wear rate was no different for acetabular components that only achieved the target anteversion angle (median difference, 0.012 mm/year; p = 0.138), target inclination angle (median difference, 0.013 mm/year; p = 0.354), or neither target (median difference, 0.012 mm/year; p = 0.322). Conclusion: Placing the acetabular component within or outside the 'safe zone' did not alter the wear rate of HXLPE at long-term follow-up to a level that risked osteolysis. HXLPE appears to be a forgiving bearing material in terms of articular surface wear, but care must still be taken to position the acetabular component correctly so that the implant is stable. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2018;100-B:891-7.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Polietileno/efeitos adversos , Falha de Prótese/etiologia , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Análise Radioestereométrica , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Bone Joint J ; 100-B(2): 170-175, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29437058

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term inducible displacement of cemented tibial components ten years after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 15 patients from a previously reported prospective trial of fixation using radiostereometric analysis (RSA) were examined at a mean of 11 years (10 to 11) postoperatively. Longitudinal supine RSA examinations were acquired at one week, one year, and two years postoperatively and at final follow-up. Weight-bearing RSA examinations were also undertaken with the operated lower limb in neutral and in maximum internal rotation positions. Maximum total point motion (MTPM) was calculated for the longitudinal and inducible displacement examinations (supine versus standing, standing versus internal rotation, and supine versus standing with internal rotation). RESULTS: All patients showed some inducible displacement. Two patients with radiolucent lines had greater mean standing-supine MTPM displacement (1.35; sd 0.38) compared with the remaining patients (0.68; sd 0.36). These two patients also had a greater mean longitudinal MTPM at ten years (0.64; sd 0.50) compared with the remaining patients (0.39; sd 0.13 mm). CONCLUSION: Small inducible displacements in well-fixed cemented tibial components were seen ten years postoperatively, of a similar magnitude to that which has been reported for well-fixed components one to two years postoperatively. Greater displacements were found in components with radiolucent lines. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2018;100-B:170-5.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Falha de Prótese , Tíbia/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Postura , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Análise Radioestereométrica , Suporte de Carga
5.
Bone Joint J ; 98-B(5): 616-21, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27143731

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to examine the long-term fixation of a cemented fixed-bearing polished titanium tibial baseplate (Genesis ll). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients enrolled in a previous two-year prospective trial (n = 35) were recalled at ten years. Available patients (n = 15) underwent radiostereometric analysis (RSA) imaging in a supine position using a conventional RSA protocol. Migration of the tibial component in all planes was compared between initial and ten-year follow-up. Outcome scores including the Knee Society Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index, 12-item Short Form Health Survey, Forgotten Joint Score, and University of California, Los Angeles Activity Score were recorded. RESULTS: At ten years, the mean migration of the tibial component was less than 0.1 mm and 0.1° in all planes relative to the post-operative RSA exam. Maximum total point movement increased with time (p = 0.002) from 0.23 mm (sd 0.18) at six weeks to 0.42 mm (sd 0.20) at ten years. CONCLUSION: The low level of tibial baseplate migration found in the present study correlates to the low rate of revision for this implant as reported in individual studies and in joint replacement registries. TAKE HOME MESSAGE: Overall, the implant was found to be well fixed at ten years, supporting its continued clinical use and the predictive power of RSA for determining long-term fixation of implants. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:616-21.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/instrumentação , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Prótese do Joelho , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise Radioestereométrica , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tíbia/cirurgia , Titânio
6.
Bone Joint J ; 97-B(7): 911-6, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26130345

RESUMO

Tribocorrosion at the head-neck taper interface - so-called 'taperosis' - may be a source of metal ions and particulate debris in metal-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasty (THA). We examined the effect of femoral head length on fretting and corrosion in retrieved head-neck tapers in vivo for a minimum of two years (mean 8.7 years; 2.6 to 15.9). A total of 56 femoral heads ranging from 28 mm to 3 mm to 28 mm + 8 mm, and 17 femoral stems featuring a single taper design were included in the study. Fretting and corrosion were scored in three horizontally oriented concentric zones of each taper by stereomicroscopy. Head length was observed to affect fretting (p = 0.03), with 28 mm + 8 mm femoral heads showing greater total fretting scores than all other head lengths. The central zone of the femoral head bore taper was subject to increased fretting damage (p = 0.01), regardless of head length or stem offset. High-offset femoral stems were associated with greater total fretting of the bore taper (p = 0.04). Increased fretting damage is seen with longer head lengths and high-offset femoral stems, and occurs within a central concentric zone of the femoral head bore taper. Further investigation is required to determine the effect of increased head size, and variations in head-neck taper design.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Desenho de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Falha de Prótese/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Corrosão , Feminino , Cabeça do Fêmur , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
J Bone Joint Surg Br ; 93(3): 409-13, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21357966

RESUMO

We present a case of early retrieval of an Oxinium femoral head and corresponding polyethylene liner where there was significant surface damage to the head and polyethylene. The implants were retrieved at the time of revision surgery to correct leg-length discrepancy just 48 hours after the primary hip replacement. Appropriate analysis of the retrieved femoral head demonstrated loss of the Oxinium layer with exposure of the underlying substrate and transfer of titanium from the acetabular shell at the time of a reduction of the index total hip replacement. In addition, the level of damage to the polyethylene was extensive despite only 48 hours in situ. The purpose of this report is to highlight the care that is required at the time of reduction, especially with these hard femoral counter-faces such as Oxinium. To our knowledge, the damage occurring at the time of reduction has not been previously reported following the retrieval of an otherwise well-functioning hip replacement.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Prótese de Quadril , Falha de Prótese , Análise de Falha de Equipamento/métodos , Feminino , Cabeça do Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polietileno , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação
8.
Equine Vet J ; 42(1): 68-72, 2010 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20121917

RESUMO

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Arterial calcification is found frequently in the pulmonary artery of racehorses, but the aetiology is unknown. Calcification might be associated with increased wall stress due to arterial geometry (shape) and exercise-induced hypertension. HYPOTHESIS: High wall stress levels are found in the regions associated with calcified lesion formation, exacerbated as transluminal pressure increases to levels associated with exercise. METHODS: The pulmonary arteries of 5 horses, unaffected by calcification, were dissected and pressurised to resting and exercising physiological transluminal pressures and scanned with MRI. Arterial geometries were reconstructed to form 3D computer models and finite element analyses performed. Wall stress levels were measured in 4 regions of interest: the arterial trunk and bifurcation, the wall ipsilateral and contralateral to the bifurcation. Measurements were made for arterial transluminal pressures of 25, 50 and 100 mmHg. RESULTS: High wall stress levels were consistently found at the pulmonary artery bifurcation and wall ipsilateral to the bifurcation, where calcified lesions typically form. Lower wall stress levels were found along the trunk and the wall contralateral to the bifurcation where lesions are less frequently found. Wall stress levels increased 5-fold over a 4-fold increase in pressure. The wall stress levels ranged 10 kPa in the wall of the branch contralateral to the bifurcation at 25 mmHg to 400 kPa in the bifurcation at 100 mmHg. CONCLUSIONS: Wall stress from arterial geometry and increased pulmonary artery transluminal pressure are factors that may be associated with calcification of the equine pulmonary artery. POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: Arterial calcification may increase the risk of arterial wall failure in racing horses.


Assuntos
Análise de Elementos Finitos , Cavalos/fisiologia , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiologia , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Simulação por Computador , Modelos Biológicos
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