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Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 23(12): 2109-2120, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28930861


BACKGROUND: In contrast to adult-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), where many genetic loci have been shown to be involved in complex disease etiology, early-onset IBD (eoIBD) and associated syndromes can sometimes present as monogenic conditions. As a result, the clinical phenotype and ideal disease management in these patients often differ from those in adult-onset IBD. However, due to high costs and the complexity of data analysis, high-throughput screening for genetic causes has not yet become a standard part of the diagnostic work-up of eoIBD patients. METHODS: We selected 28 genes of interest associated with monogenic IBD and performed targeted panel sequencing in 71 patients diagnosed with eoIBD or early-onset chronic diarrhea to detect causative variants. We compared these results to whole-exome sequencing (WES) data available for 25 of these patients. RESULTS: Target coverage was significantly higher in the targeted gene panel approach compared with WES, whereas the cost of the panel was considerably lower (approximately 25% of WES). Disease-causing variants affecting protein function were identified in 5 patients (7%), located in genes of the IL10 signaling pathway (3), WAS (1), and DKC1 (1). The functional effects of 8 candidate variants in 5 additional patients (7%) are under further investigation. WES did not identify additional causative mutations in 25 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Targeted gene panel sequencing is a fast and effective screening method for monogenic causes of eoIBD that should be routinely established in national referral centers.

Diarreia/etiologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/genética , Idade de Início , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mutação , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
Pediatr Allergy Immunol ; 28(5): 412-429, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28513998


Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis have a multifactorial pathogenesis with complex interactions between polygenetic predispositions and environmental factors. However, IBD can also be caused by monogenic diseases, such as primary immunodeficiencies (PID). Recently, an increasing number of these altogether rare diseases have been described to present often primarily, or solely, as IBD. Early recognition of these conditions enables adaption of therapies and thus directly benefits the course of IBDs. Here, we discuss the different clinical presentations in IBD and characteristic features of patient's history, clinical findings, and diagnostic results indicative for a causative PID. Possible predictors are early onset of disease, necessity of parenteral nutrition, failure to respond to standard immunosuppressive therapy, parental consanguinity, increased susceptibility for infections, certain histopathologic findings, and blood tests that are atypical for classic IBD. We illustrate this with exemplary case studies of IBD due to NEMO deficiency, chronic granulomatous disease, common variable immunodeficiency, CTLA-4 and LRBA deficiency. Taking these factors into account, we propose a diagnostic pathway to enable early diagnosis of IBD due to PID.

Colite Ulcerativa/imunologia , Doença de Crohn/imunologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/diagnóstico , Algoritmos , Criança , Tomada de Decisão Clínica/métodos , Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações