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1.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 156(4): 1748-1756, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30054140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Several factors may potentially influence the efficacy and patient satisfaction after bilateral thoracic sympathectomy as the treatment for hyperhidrosis, but few studies have specifically analyzed the impact of age on the efficacy of this treatment, the occurrence of compensatory hyperhidrosis (CH), and variations in the quality of life. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the effect of age, body mass index, surgical techniques, quality of life before surgery, betterment in the quality of life after surgery, clinical improvement in sweating at the main site, and the occurrence and intensity of CH in patients with hyperhidrosis (n = 1633) who underwent bilateral sympathectomy. RESULTS: Quality of life improved in more than 90% of patients, and severe CH occurred in 5.4%. Age did not affect these outcomes. The older, the greater reduction in sweating, and CH was linked to other variables (body mass index, craniofacial hyperhidrosis, and level of resection). CONCLUSIONS: We observed that patients with old age reported an improvement in sweating in the main site of hyperhidrosis. Sympathectomy outcomes in older patients are similar to those observed in younger patients in terms of quality of life improvement and occurrence of CH.

2.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 64(2): 127-132, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29641679

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The association of osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis often causes emotional and social problems that may impair the patients' quality of life. The purpose of our study was to analyze the therapeutic results of oxybutynin and topical agents in 89 patients with both osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis. METHOD: We conducted an observational study at two specialized centers of hyperhidrosis between April 2007 and August 2013. Eighty-nine (89) patients with both osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis were treated with oxybutynin and topical agents. Patients were evaluated before treatment and at 3 and 6 weeks after treatment started, by using the Quality of Life Questionnaire and the Sweating Evolution Scale. RESULTS: Before treatment, 98% of the patients presented with poor or very poor quality of life. After six weeks of treatment, 70% stated their quality of life as being slightly better or much better (p<0.001) and nearly 70% of the patients experienced a moderate or great improvement in sweating and malodor. Improvement in osmidrosis was significantly greater when the axillary region was the first most disturbing site of hyperhidrosis. CONCLUSION: There was a significant improvement in quality of life and a reduction in sweating and malodor after six weeks of treatment with topical agents and oxybutynin in patients with both hyperhidrosis and osmidrosis. Therefore, clinical treatment should be considered before invasive techniques.


Assuntos
Hiperidrose/tratamento farmacológico , Ácidos Mandélicos/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas Muscarínicos/uso terapêutico , Odorantes , Administração Tópica , Adolescente , Adulto , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antifúngicos/administração & dosagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Clindamicina/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Ceratolíticos/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sabões/administração & dosagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sudorese , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(2): 127-132, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-896439

RESUMO

Summary Introduction: The association of osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis often causes emotional and social problems that may impair the patients' quality of life. The purpose of our study was to analyze the therapeutic results of oxybutynin and topical agents in 89 patients with both osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis. Method: We conducted an observational study at two specialized centers of hyperhidrosis between April 2007 and August 2013. Eighty-nine (89) patients with both osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis were treated with oxybutynin and topical agents. Patients were evaluated before treatment and at 3 and 6 weeks after treatment started, by using the Quality of Life Questionnaire and the Sweating Evolution Scale. Results: Before treatment, 98% of the patients presented with poor or very poor quality of life. After six weeks of treatment, 70% stated their quality of life as being slightly better or much better (p<0.001) and nearly 70% of the patients experienced a moderate or great improvement in sweating and malodor. Improvement in osmidrosis was significantly greater when the axillary region was the first most disturbing site of hyperhidrosis. Conclusion: There was a significant improvement in quality of life and a reduction in sweating and malodor after six weeks of treatment with topical agents and oxybutynin in patients with both hyperhidrosis and osmidrosis. Therefore, clinical treatment should be considered before invasive techniques.


Resumo Introdução: A associação entre osmidrose e hiper-hidrose com frequência causa problemas emocionais e sociais que podem deteriorar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar os resultados terapêuticos do uso de oxibutinina associada a agentes tópicos em 89 pacientes com osmidrose e hiper-hidrose. Método: Nós conduzimos um estudo observacional em dois centros especializados em hiper-hidrose entre abril de 2007 e agosto de 2013. Oitenta e nove (89) pacientes com osmidrose associada a hiper-hidrose foram tratados com oxibutinina e agentes tópicos. Os pacientes foram avaliados antes do tratamento e após 3 e 6 semanas do início do tratamento, por meio do Questionário de Qualidade de Vida e da Escala de Evolução da Sudorese. Resultados: Antes do tratamento, 98% dos pacientes apresentavam qualidade de vida ruim ou muito ruim. Após seis semanas de tratamento, 70% classificou sua qualidade de vida como sendo pouco ou muito melhor (p<0.001) e aproximadamente 70% dos pacientes relataram melhora moderada ou grande de sudorese e odor. Houve melhora significativamente maior da osmidrose quando a região axilar era o sítio em que a hiper-hidrose mais incomodava. Conclusão: Houve melhora significativa da qualidade de vida e uma redução da sudorese e do odor após seis semanas de tratamento com agentes tópicos e oxibutinina em pacientes com hiper-hidrose associada a osmidrose. Dessa maneira, a terapia clínica deve ser considerada antes de técnicas invasivas.

4.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 46: 337-344, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28689957

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Facial hyperhidrosis (FH) may lead patients to a significantly impaired quality of life (QOL). Video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy (VATS) is reserved for more severe cases refractory to common first-line agents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of VATS for FH and to compare the results between patients with facial hyperhidrosis as main complaint (FHMC) and patients with facial hyperhidrosis as nonmain complaint (FHNMC). METHODS: This was a retrospective study based on medical chart analysis from March 2000 to January 2014: 40 patients with FHMC and 136 patients with FHNMC. Patients underwent VATS at the T2, T3, or T4 level, according to the main site of complaint. We assessed improvement in QOL, improvement in hyperhidrosis, and presence of complications and side effects, notably compensatory hyperhidrosis (CH). RESULTS: Patients with FHMC reported greater improvement in FH (97.1% versus 93.6%; P = 0.006) but had lower improvement in QOL (78.2% versus 92.7%; P = 0.024) compared to patients with FHNMC. For patients with FHNMC, any degree of improvement in FH was reported by 100%, almost 95%, and nearly 80% of the patients who underwent VATS at the T2, T3, and T4 level, respectively (P = 0.039). Pain and CH were reported by more than 61% and 92% of the patients, respectively, with no statistical difference between both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with FHMC, despite the greater improvement in FH, experienced lower improvement in QOL compared to patients with FHNMC. CH was the most frequent side effect in both groups, affecting more than 92% of the patients.


Assuntos
Hiperidrose/cirurgia , Sudorese , Simpatectomia/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Face , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperidrose/diagnóstico , Hiperidrose/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Simpatectomia/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 47: 85-89, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28947219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are only 3 studies comparing the efficacy of 2 different types of lock used in totally implantable catheters regarding occlusion or reflux dysfunction. The present study contains the largest published casuistry (862 patients) and is the only one that analyzes 3 parameters: occlusion, reflux dysfunction, and flow dysfunction. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients operated at a large oncology center and followed up in the outpatient clinic between 2007 and 2015. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the type of lock: the Hep group (heparine), whose lock was composed of saline solution 0.9% with heparin (100 IU/mL) and the SS group (saline solution), whose lock was composed of saline solution 0.9%. RESULTS: The Hep group was composed of 270 patients (31%) and the SS group of 592 patients (69%). Regarding occlusion, there were 8 cases in the Hep group (2.96%) and 8 in the SS group (1.35%; P = 0.11); in relation to reflux dysfunction, there were 8 cases in the Hep group (2.96%) and 8 in the SS group (1.35%; P = 0.11); in relation to flow dysfunction, there was 1 case in the Hep group (0.37%) and 4 cases in the SS group (0.68%; P = 1). CONCLUSIONS: There was no statistically significant difference between the groups regarding occlusion, reflux dysfunction, and flow dysfunction.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Obstrução do Cateter , Cateterismo Venoso Central/métodos , Cateteres de Demora , Heparina , Cloreto de Sódio , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Venoso Central/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 25(5): 716-719, 2017 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29049566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Video thoracoscopic sympathectomy is the recommended surgical treatment for primary hyperhidrosis and has a high success rate. Despite this high success rate, some patients are unresponsive and eventually need a resympathectomy. Few studies have previously analysed exclusively the results of these resympathectomies in patients with primary hyperhidrosis. None of the studies have objectively evaluated the degree of response to surgery or the improvement in quality of life after resympathectomies. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, evaluating 15 patients from an initial group of 2300 patients who underwent resympathectomy after failure of the primary surgical treatment. We evaluated sympathectomy levels of resection, technical difficulties, surgical complications preoperative quality of life, response to treatment and quality-of-life improvement 30 days after each surgery. RESULTS: Regarding gender, 11 (73.3%) patients were women. The average age was 23.2 with SD of 5.17 years, and the mean body mass index was 20.9 (SD 2.12). Ten patients had major complaints about their hands (66%) and 5 (33%) patients about their forearms. A high degree of response to sympathectomy occurred in 73% of patients. In 11 of these patients, the improvement in quality of life was considered high, 3 showed a mild improvement and 1 did not improve. No major complications occurred; the presence of adhesions was reported in 11 patients and pleural drainage was necessary in 4 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Resympathectomy is an effective procedure, and it improves the quality of life in patients with primary hyperhidrosis who failed after the first surgery.


Assuntos
Gânglios Simpáticos/cirurgia , Hiperidrose/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Simpatectomia/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 43: 283-287, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28478174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Videothoracoscopy sympathectomy (VATS) is the only definitive treatment for primary hyperhidrosis (HH). Since 2007, in our institution, patients with HH were initially treated with oxybutynin chloride to avoid VATS and reduce compensatory hyperhidrosis incidence with good results. The aim of this study was to analyze the surgical response of patients suffering from essential hyperhidrosis after failure of oxybutynin chloride treatment. METHODS: This was an observational retrospective study that included 737 patients who were diagnosed with palmar or axillary hyperhidrosis and received VATS from January 2007 to January 2014. Patients were selected for 2 different groups: The post-oxybutynin surgery group consisted of 167 patients that were initially treated with oxybutynin chloride for 6 weeks and then received VATS after drug treatment failure. The primary surgery group consisted of a historic control group of 570 patients who were referred directly to surgical treatment. We evaluated the degree of improvement in symptoms 30 days after surgery and quality of life before and after the surgical treatment. RESULTS: All patients showed poor or very poor quality of life before surgery. Most patients showed a response between moderate and high after surgical treatment. However, those in primary surgery group responded better (95.1% vs. 98.2%). In the quality of life after surgery, most of the patients reported improvement, and the primary surgery group had better improvement (92.2% vs. 95.1%). CONCLUSIONS: VATS showed good results in patients with palmar or axillary hyperhidrosis regarding surgical response and improvement on quality of life even when the previous oxybutynin chloride treatment failed.


Assuntos
Hiperidrose/cirurgia , Ácidos Mandélicos/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas Muscarínicos/uso terapêutico , Sudorese/efeitos dos fármacos , Simpatectomia/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperidrose/diagnóstico , Hiperidrose/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Simpatectomia/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Falha de Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
8.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 39: 67-73, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27671460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Iodine contrast medium (ICM) is considered to be gold standard in endovascular procedures, but its nephrotoxicity and hypersensitivity limit the widespread use. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is considered as an alternative for endovascular procedures in patients with contraindication to ICM. However, no studies have compared the outcomes of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) performed with ICM or CO2 among patients with no contraindication to ICM. METHODS: From May 2012 to April 2014, 36 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms underwent EVAR in a prospective, randomized, and controlled study. Patients were randomized into 2 groups, CO2 or ICM group. RESULTS: We were able to perform the proposed procedures in all patients in this study. There were no conversions to open surgery and no CO2-related complications. Endovascular material costs, duration of surgery, and time of fluoroscopy were similar between groups, and the cost of the contrast media was smaller in the CO2 group than in the ICM group. Among CO2 group procedures, 62.5% of the patients needed ICM complementary use. CONCLUSIONS: The use of CO2 as a contrast medium for EVAR is an alternative in patients with no restriction for ICM, with similar outcomes when compared to ICM, regarding duration of surgery, duration of fluoroscopy, and endovascular material costs. Using CO2, there were no changes in creatinine clearance and no risk of hypersensitivity reactions; moreover, there was a reduction in contrast-related costs for EVAR procedures. However, in our study, additional use of ICM to visualize the internal iliac artery was needed in most procedures.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aortografia/métodos , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Dióxido de Carbono/administração & dosagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Iohexol/administração & dosagem , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Brasil , Dióxido de Carbono/efeitos adversos , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Iohexol/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 23(7): 883-887, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28027659

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban-a direct oral anticoagulant-use in patients with active cancer and venous thromboembolism (VTE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 400 patients with active cancer and associated VTE, defined as deep venous thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism. This single-center study was carried out from January 2012 to June 2015. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety, using the incidence of recurrent symptomatic VTE and major bleeding, respectively, throughout the treatment with rivaroxaban. RESULTS: Of the 400 patients enrolled, 223 (55.8%) were female. A total of 362 (90.5%) patients had solid tumors and 244 (61%) had metastatic disease. A total of 302 (75.5%) received initial parenteral therapy with enoxaparin (median: 3, mean: 5.6, standard deviation [SD]: 6.4 days) followed by rivaroxaban. Ninety-eight patients (24.5%) were treated with on label rivaroxaban treatment. Recurrence rates were 3.25% with major bleeding occurring in 5.5% during the anticoagulant therapy (median: 118, mean: 163.9, SD: 159.9 days). CONCLUSION: Rivaroxaban can be an attractive alternative for the treatment of cancer-associated thrombosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/complicações , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Enoxaparina , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Tromboembolia Venosa/complicações , Adulto Jovem
10.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 71(11): 650-656, 2016 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27982166

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES:: This study compared radiofrequency ablation versus conventional surgery in patients who had not undergone previous treatment for bilateral great saphenous vein insufficiency, with each patient serving as his own control. METHOD:: This was a randomized controlled trial that included 18 patients and was carried out between November 2013 and May 2015. Each of the lower limbs of each patient was randomly assigned to undergo either radiofrequency ablation or conventional surgery. Clinical features (hyperpigmentation, hematoma, aesthetics, pain, skin burn, nerve injury, and thrombophlebitis) were evaluated at one week, one month, and six months postoperatively. Hemodynamic assessments (presence of resection or occlusion of the great saphenous vein and recurrent reflux in the sapheno-femoral junction and in the great saphenous vein) were performed at one month, six months, and 12 months postoperatively. The independent observer (a physician not involved in the original operation), patient, and duplex ultrasonographer were not made aware of the treatment done in each case. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02588911. RESULTS:: Among the clinical variables analyzed, only the aesthetic evaluation by the physicians was significant, with radiofrequency ablation being considered better than conventional surgery (average, 0.91 points higher: standard deviation: 0.31; 95% confidence interval: -1.51, -0.30; p=0.003). However, in our study, we observed primary success rates of 80% for radiofrequency ablation and 100% for conventional surgery. CONCLUSIONS:: If the physician is not required to inform the patient as to the technique being performed, the patient will not be able to identify the technique based on the signs and symptoms. Our study revealed that both techniques led to high levels of patient satisfaction, but our results favor the choice of conventional surgery over radiofrequency ablation, as patients who underwent conventional surgery had better hemodynamic assessments.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Veia Safena/cirurgia , Insuficiência Venosa/cirurgia , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Veia Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Veia Safena/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla , Varizes/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 62(9): 843-847, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28001258

RESUMO

Introduction: The evaluation of patients with hyperhidrosis (HH) can be accomplished, among other ways, through questionnaires and scales. The Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Scale (HDSS) has been used as a simple and quick tool to perform this evaluation. Although HDSS has been well established in several languages, it has not been translated into Portuguese, restricting its specific use for Brazilian patients. The aim of this study was to translate HDSS into Portuguese and validate it in a sample of Brazilian subjects. Method: 290 Brazilian patients (69% women, with a mean age of 28.7±9.6 years and BMI 22.4±3.9 kg/m2) diagnosed with HH were evaluated using HDSS, Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ) and Sweating Evolution Questionnaire (SEQ) before and after a five-week oxybutynin treatment. Regarding validation, an association between HDSS results and two other questionnaires was performed. To analyze HDSS sensitivity, evaluation of effects pre- and post-treatment with oxybutynin was conducted. Furthermore, HDSS reproducibility was analyzed in a subsample in which the scale was applied again after 7 days of the first follow-up appointment. Results: There was statistical correlation between HDSS and QLQ and between HDSS and SEQ before treatment and after 5 weeks. Additionally, HDSS was reproducible and sensitive to clinical changes after the treatment period. Conclusion: The Portuguese version of HDSS has been validated and shown to be reproducible in a Brazilian sample. Therefore it can be used as a tool to improve medical assistance in patients with HH.


Assuntos
Hiperidrose , Ácidos Mandélicos/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Traduções , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperidrose/diagnóstico , Hiperidrose/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 62(9): 843-847, Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-829556

RESUMO

SUMMARY Introduction The evaluation of patients with hyperhidrosis (HH) can be accomplished, among other ways, through questionnaires and scales. The Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Scale (HDSS) has been used as a simple and quick tool to perform this evaluation. Although HDSS has been well established in several languages, it has not been translated into Portuguese, restricting its specific use for Brazilian patients. The aim of this study was to translate HDSS into Portuguese and validate it in a sample of Brazilian subjects. Method 290 Brazilian patients (69% women, with a mean age of 28.7±9.6 years and BMI 22.4±3.9 kg/m2) diagnosed with HH were evaluated using HDSS, Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ) and Sweating Evolution Questionnaire (SEQ) before and after a five-week oxybutynin treatment. Regarding validation, an association between HDSS results and two other questionnaires was performed. To analyze HDSS sensitivity, evaluation of effects pre- and post-treatment with oxybutynin was conducted. Furthermore, HDSS reproducibility was analyzed in a subsample in which the scale was applied again after 7 days of the first follow-up appointment. Results There was statistical correlation between HDSS and QLQ and between HDSS and SEQ before treatment and after 5 weeks. Additionally, HDSS was reproducible and sensitive to clinical changes after the treatment period. Conclusion The Portuguese version of HDSS has been validated and shown to be reproducible in a Brazilian sample. Therefore it can be used as a tool to improve medical assistance in patients with HH.


RESUMO Objetivo: a avaliação de pacientes com hiperidrose (HH) pode ser realizada, entre outras maneiras, por questionários e escalas. O Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Scale (HDSS) tem sido utilizado como uma forma simples e rápida. Embora o HDSS seja utilizado em outros idiomas, ainda não foi traduzido para o português, limitando sua utilização em pacientes brasileiros. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir o HDSS para o português e validá-lo em uma amostra brasileira. Método duzentos e noventa (290) pacientes brasileiros (69% mulheres, idade média de 28,7±9,6 anos e IMC médio de 22,4±3.9 kg/m2) com HH foram avaliados pelo HDSS, pelo Questionário de Qualidade de Vida (QQV) e pelo Questionário de Evolução da Sudorese (QES) antes e após 5 semanas de tratamento com oxibutinina. Para a validação de constructo do HDSS, foi realizada a associação entre seus resultados com os dos outros dois questionários. Para analisar a sua sensibilidade, foi realizada a análise do efeito pré e pós-tratamento com oxibutinina. Além disso, foi analisada a sua reprodutibilidade em uma subamostra, na qual a escala foi aplicada novamente após 7 dias da primeira consulta. Resultados observamos correlação estatística entre o HDSS e o QQV e entre o HDSS e o QES antes do tratamento e após 5 semanas. O HDSS demonstrou ser reprodutível e sensível em relação ao efeito do tratamento. Conclusão a versão em português da escala HDSS apresentou validade e reprodutibilidade em amostra brasileira e pode ser utilizada como instrumento na assistência à saúde de pacientes com HH.

13.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(4): 473-479, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-840265

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective To prospectively evaluate the perioperative safety, early complications and satisfaction of patients who underwent the implantation of central catheters peripherally inserted via basilic vein. Methods Thirty-five consecutive patients with active oncologic disease requiring chemotherapy were prospectively followed up after undergoing peripheral implantation of indwelling venous catheters, between November 2013 and June 2014. The procedures were performed in the operating room by the same team of three vascular surgeons. The primary endpoints assessed were early postoperative complications, occurring within 30 days after implantation. The evaluation of patient satisfaction was based on a specific questionnaire used in previous studies. Results In all cases, ultrasound-guided puncture of the basilic vein was feasible and the procedure successfully completed. Early complications included one case of basilic vein thrombophlebitis and one case of pocket infection that did not require device removal. Out of 35 patients interviewed, 33 (94.3%) would recommend the device to other patients. Conclusion Implanting brachial ports is a feasible option, with low intraoperative risk and similar rates of early postoperative complications when compared to the existing data of the conventional technique. The patients studied were satisfied with the device and would recommend the procedure to others.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar prospectivamente segurança perioperatória, complicações precoces e grau de satisfação de pacientes submetidos ao implante de cateteres centrais de inserção periférica pela veia basílica. Métodos Foram acompanhados prospectivamente e submetidos ao implante de cateteres de longa permanência de inserção periférica, entre novembro de 2013 e junho de 2014, 35 pacientes consecutivos com doença oncológica ativa necessitando de quimioterapia. Os procedimentos foram realizados em centro cirúrgico por uma mesma equipe composta por três cirurgiões vasculares. Os desfechos primários avaliados foram as complicações pós-operatórias precoces, ocorridas em até 30 dias após o implante. A avaliação do grau de satisfação foi realizada com base na aplicação de um questionário específico já utilizado em estudos prévios. Resultados Em todos os casos, a punção ecoguiada da veia basílica foi possível, e o procedimento foi concluído com sucesso. As complicações precoces observadas incluíram um caso de tromboflebite de basílica e um de infecção de bolsa, ambos tratados clinicamente sem necessidade de retirada do dispositivo. Dos 35 pacientes interrogados, 33 (94,3%) recomendariam o dispositivo para outras pessoas. Conclusão A implantação do port braquial é uma opção factível, com baixo risco intraoperatório e taxas semelhantes de complicações pós-operatórias imediatas quando comparada a dados já existentes da técnica convencional. Os pacientes estudados apresentaram-se satisfeitos com o dispositivo e recomendariam o procedimento para outras pessoas.

14.
Clinics ; 71(11): 650-656, Nov. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-828544

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study compared radiofrequency ablation versus conventional surgery in patients who had not undergone previous treatment for bilateral great saphenous vein insufficiency, with each patient serving as his own control. METHOD: This was a randomized controlled trial that included 18 patients and was carried out between November 2013 and May 2015. Each of the lower limbs of each patient was randomly assigned to undergo either radiofrequency ablation or conventional surgery. Clinical features (hyperpigmentation, hematoma, aesthetics, pain, skin burn, nerve injury, and thrombophlebitis) were evaluated at one week, one month, and six months postoperatively. Hemodynamic assessments (presence of resection or occlusion of the great saphenous vein and recurrent reflux in the sapheno-femoral junction and in the great saphenous vein) were performed at one month, six months, and 12 months postoperatively. The independent observer (a physician not involved in the original operation), patient, and duplex ultrasonographer were not made aware of the treatment done in each case. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02588911. RESULTS: Among the clinical variables analyzed, only the aesthetic evaluation by the physicians was significant, with radiofrequency ablation being considered better than conventional surgery (average, 0.91 points higher: standard deviation: 0.31; 95% confidence interval: -1.51, -0.30; p=0.003). However, in our study, we observed primary success rates of 80% for radiofrequency ablation and 100% for conventional surgery. CONCLUSIONS: If the physician is not required to inform the patient as to the technique being performed, the patient will not be able to identify the technique based on the signs and symptoms. Our study revealed that both techniques led to high levels of patient satisfaction, but our results favor the choice of conventional surgery over radiofrequency ablation, as patients who underwent conventional surgery had better hemodynamic assessments.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Veia Safena/cirurgia , Insuficiência Venosa/cirurgia , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Veia Femoral/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Veia Safena/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla , Varizes/cirurgia
15.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 36: 44-54, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27421204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become the preferred approach for the treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (IRAAA) in detriment of open surgical repair (OSR). EVAR results in lower mortality rates within 30 days, but rates tend to be the same after longer periods. Moreover, reduced use of hospital resources with EVAR does not necessarily offset the costs of the endoprosthesis. We aimed, in this study, to estimate hospital expenses after OSR or EVAR, including early and late readmissions. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of hospital expenses (2005-2012) with elective IRAAA surgeries performed in a tertiary hospital, including 127 patients divided into 2 groups, EVAR (n = 102) and OSR (n = 25). RESULTS: One perioperative death occurred in each group. EVAR interventions lasted 145 vs. 210 min of OSR (P < 0.001). Among OSR patients, 68% required packed red blood cells. Among EVAR patients, this proportion was 7.8% (P < 0.001). Median hospitalization time differed significantly for EVAR (4 days) and OSR (8 days; P < 0.001, intervals EVAR: 1-17 days, OSR: 2-442 days). The median and mean expenses with EVAR were US $53,080.95 and US $56,289.49, respectively. The median and mean expenses with OSR were US $37,116.04 and US $68,788.54, respectively. Early readmissions reached 11.2%. None of the OSR patients required late reinterventions, but 10 (9.9%) EVAR patients did, one of whom died. CONCLUSIONS: EVAR resulted in higher expenses with the exclusion of one outlier. Late reinterventions, with elevated costs, were only required by EVAR patients. Thus, when patients are eligible to undergo either intervention, OSR seems to have lower costs and better long-term results.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/economia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/economia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/economia , Custos Hospitalares , Centros de Atenção Terciária/economia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Prótese Vascular/economia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Brasil , Redução de Custos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/economia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/economia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents/economia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 14(2): 124-9, 2016 Apr-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27462884

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the results of ten angioplasties of TASC C and D femoropopliteal lesions using CO2 as primary contrast in patients with no formal contraindication to iodine, aiming to decrease allergic reactions and potential nephrotoxicity in high-risk patients. METHODS: We describe the results of ten angioplasties of TASC C and D femoropopliteal lesions using CO2 as primary contrast in patients with high risk for open revascularization and no formal contraindication to iodine. We analyzed feasibility of the procedures, complications, quality of the angiographic images, clinical and surgical outcomes, and costs of C and D lesions treated using CO2 as contrast medium. RESULTS: The use of CO2 in C and D lesions needed iodine complementation in most of the cases (nine cases) but decreased the potential nephrotoxicity of iodine contrast medium by the reduction of its volume in this group of high-risk patients. The extension of the arterial lesions was the factor that most contributed to the need for iodine supplementation due to the difficulty to visualize the refill after a long arterial occlusion. CONCLUSION: The use of CO2 as contrast in patients with C and D lesions with no restriction for iodine contrast medium was an alternative that did not dismiss the need of iodine supplementation in most of the cases, but could decrease the potential nephrotoxicity of iodine constrast medium. OBJETIVO: Analisar os resultados de dez angioplastias de lesões fêmoro-poplíteas TASC C e D utilizando CO2 como meio de contraste primário em pacientes sem restrição ao meio de contraste iodado com o objetivo de diminuir reações alérgicas e potencial de nefrotoxicidade em pacientes de alto risco. MÉTODOS: Descrevemos os resultados de dez angioplastias de lesões fêmoro-poplíteas TASC C e D utilizando CO2 como meio de contraste primário em pacientes de alto risco para revascularização aberta e sem contraindicação formal a iodo. Analisamos possibilidade de execução dos procedimentos, complicações, qualidade das imagens obtidas, desfechos clínicos e cirúrgicos e custos das lesões C e D tratadas com CO2 como meio de contraste. RESULTADOS: O uso de CO2 nas lesões C e D necessitou de complementação de iodo na maioria dos casos (nove casos), porém reduziu o potencial de nefrotoxicidade do meio de contraste iodado, diminuindo seu volume nesse grupo de pacientes de alto risco. A extensão das lesões arteriais foi o fator que mais contribuiu para necessidade de suplementação de iodo, devido à dificuldade de visualizar o reenchimento após oclusão arterial longa. CONCLUSÃO: O uso de CO2 como contraste em pacientes com lesões C e D sem restrição ao meio de contraste iodado foi uma alternativa que não excluiu a necessidade de suplementação com iodo na maioria dos casos, porém pôde diminuir o potencial de nefrotoxicidade do meio de contraste iodado.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Dióxido de Carbono , Meios de Contraste , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Idoso , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Iodo/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(2): 124-129, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-788043

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the results of ten angioplasties of TASC C and D femoropopliteal lesions using CO2 as primary contrast in patients with no formal contraindication to iodine, aiming to decrease allergic reactions and potential nephrotoxicity in high-risk patients. Methods We describe the results of ten angioplasties of TASC C and D femoropopliteal lesions using CO2 as primary contrast in patients with high risk for open revascularization and no formal contraindication to iodine. We analyzed feasibility of the procedures, complications, quality of the angiographic images, clinical and surgical outcomes, and costs of C and D lesions treated using CO2 as contrast medium. Results The use of CO2 in C and D lesions needed iodine complementation in most of the cases (nine cases) but decreased the potential nephrotoxicity of iodine contrast medium by the reduction of its volume in this group of high-risk patients. The extension of the arterial lesions was the factor that most contributed to the need for iodine supplementation due to the difficulty to visualize the refill after a long arterial occlusion. Conclusion The use of CO2 as contrast in patients with C and D lesions with no restriction for iodine contrast medium was an alternative that did not dismiss the need of iodine supplementation in most of the cases, but could decrease the potential nephrotoxicity of iodine constrast medium.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar os resultados de dez angioplastias de lesões fêmoro-poplíteas TASC C e D utilizando CO2 como meio de contraste primário em pacientes sem restrição ao meio de contraste iodado com o objetivo de diminuir reações alérgicas e potencial de nefrotoxicidade em pacientes de alto risco. Métodos Descrevemos os resultados de dez angioplastias de lesões fêmoro-poplíteas TASC C e D utilizando CO2 como meio de contraste primário em pacientes de alto risco para revascularização aberta e sem contraindicação formal a iodo. Analisamos possibilidade de execução dos procedimentos, complicações, qualidade das imagens obtidas, desfechos clínicos e cirúrgicos e custos das lesões C e D tratadas com CO2 como meio de contraste. Resultados O uso de CO2 nas lesões C e D necessitou de complementação de iodo na maioria dos casos (nove casos), porém reduziu o potencial de nefrotoxicidade do meio de contraste iodado, diminuindo seu volume nesse grupo de pacientes de alto risco. A extensão das lesões arteriais foi o fator que mais contribuiu para necessidade de suplementação de iodo, devido à dificuldade de visualizar o reenchimento após oclusão arterial longa. Conclusão O uso de CO2 como contraste em pacientes com lesões C e D sem restrição ao meio de contraste iodado foi uma alternativa que não excluiu a necessidade de suplementação com iodo na maioria dos casos, porém pôde diminuir o potencial de nefrotoxicidade do meio de contraste iodado.

18.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 22(8): 772-778, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26787712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distal deep venous thrombosis (DVT) accounts for approximately half of all the cases of lower limb thrombosis. The impact and management of this condition is still controversial. This study aims to evaluate the incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with distal DVT in comparison to proximal DVT and evaluate the correlation between DVT and PE extension. METHODS: 100 patients with acute lower limb DVT diagnosed with whole leg Doppler ultrasound from January 2006 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Active investigation for PE was carried out in all patients using multislice computed tomography angiography. Classification of DVT and PE was based on the proximal extension of the thrombus. RESULTS: The overall incidence of PE in our sample patients was 72%. In the subgroup analysis, incidence of PE was equal in both the proximal and distal DVT groups (77%, p > 0.99). PE was detected in 43% of the patients with isolated calf vein thrombosis (ICVT). No statistical difference was observed between the distribution of lobar, segmental and subsegmental PE in the 3 DVT subgroups (p = 0.665); however, truncular PE was only observed in the proximal DVT group. CONCLUSION: Distal DVT is associated with a high incidence of PE compared to proximal DVT. Distal DVT and ICVT can provoke PE with involvement of proximal vessels in the pulmonary arterial tree, even in asymptomatic patients. Our study arises discussion in the controversial debate regarding the need for routine anticoagulation in distal DVT.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Embolia Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Perna (Membro)/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 14(4): 473-479, 2016 Oct-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28076593

RESUMO

Objective: To prospectively evaluate the perioperative safety, early complications and satisfaction of patients who underwent the implantation of central catheters peripherally inserted via basilic vein. Methods: Thirty-five consecutive patients with active oncologic disease requiring chemotherapy were prospectively followed up after undergoing peripheral implantation of indwelling venous catheters, between November 2013 and June 2014. The procedures were performed in the operating room by the same team of three vascular surgeons. The primary endpoints assessed were early postoperative complications, occurring within 30 days after implantation. The evaluation of patient satisfaction was based on a specific questionnaire used in previous studies. Results: In all cases, ultrasound-guided puncture of the basilic vein was feasible and the procedure successfully completed. Early complications included one case of basilic vein thrombophlebitis and one case of pocket infection that did not require device removal. Out of 35 patients interviewed, 33 (94.3%) would recommend the device to other patients. Conclusion: Implanting brachial ports is a feasible option, with low intraoperative risk and similar rates of early postoperative complications when compared to the existing data of the conventional technique. The patients studied were satisfied with the device and would recommend the procedure to others. Objetivo: Avaliar prospectivamente segurança perioperatória, complicações precoces e grau de satisfação de pacientes submetidos ao implante de cateteres centrais de inserção periférica pela veia basílica. Métodos: Foram acompanhados prospectivamente e submetidos ao implante de cateteres de longa permanência de inserção periférica, entre novembro de 2013 e junho de 2014, 35 pacientes consecutivos com doença oncológica ativa necessitando de quimioterapia. Os procedimentos foram realizados em centro cirúrgico por uma mesma equipe composta por três cirurgiões vasculares. Os desfechos primários avaliados foram as complicações pós-operatórias precoces, ocorridas em até 30 dias após o implante. A avaliação do grau de satisfação foi realizada com base na aplicação de um questionário específico já utilizado em estudos prévios. Resultados: Em todos os casos, a punção ecoguiada da veia basílica foi possível, e o procedimento foi concluído com sucesso. As complicações precoces observadas incluíram um caso de tromboflebite de basílica e um de infecção de bolsa, ambos tratados clinicamente sem necessidade de retirada do dispositivo. Dos 35 pacientes interrogados, 33 (94,3%) recomendariam o dispositivo para outras pessoas. Conclusão: A implantação do port braquial é uma opção factível, com baixo risco intraoperatório e taxas semelhantes de complicações pós-operatórias imediatas quando comparada a dados já existentes da técnica convencional. Os pacientes estudados apresentaram-se satisfeitos com o dispositivo e recomendariam o procedimento para outras pessoas.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateteres de Demora/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Braço/irrigação sanguínea , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
20.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 30: 159-65, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26541965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of oncologic patients with associated aneurysm of the abdominal aorta (AAA), treated at a specialized cancer (Ca) hospital more than a 10-year period. METHODS: This was a retrospective study, and the data were obtained from our institution's prospective database. Between September 2003 and 2013, a total of 36 consecutive patients with AAA in association with Ca underwent surgical repair. Of these, 9 patients were excluded because the Ca treatment was performed at another service. Most of the patients were male (22) and the most frequent form of neoplasia was prostate Ca. Surgery for AAA repair was performed after the Ca treatment in 19 cases, before Ca treatment in 7 cases and concomitantly in 1 case. The intraoperative characteristics, treatment technique used, complications, patients' clinical evolution, and survival outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) was used in 19 cases (70.4%) and conventional open repair (OR) in 8 cases (29.6%). Surgical treatment was uneventful in 19 cases, however, when present, postoperative complications occurred more frequently with EVAR (36.84% vs. 12.5%). There were no cases of death related to the aneurysm surgery. Most of the patients in both groups were alive at the end of the study. The probability of survival in our study was 65.8% at 3 years and 53% at 5 years, with no statistically significant difference between the EVAR and OR groups. The main cause of death was progression of the neoplastic disease. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who present Ca in association with AAA benefit from surgical treatment of both conditions, simultaneously or not. In these cases, it is important for the treatment to be individualized, and the disease of greater severity should be treated first. The endovascular and conventional open techniques were shown to be equivalent.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Neoplasias/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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