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1.
Europace ; 20(11): 1813-1818, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29509903

RESUMO

Aims: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an established procedure for patients with heart failure. However, trials evaluating its efficacy did not include patients with chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC). We aimed to assess the role of CRT in a cohort of patients with CCC. Methods and results: This retrospective study compared the outcomes of CCC patients who underwent CRT with those of dilated (DCM) and ischaemic cardiomyopathies (ICM). The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality and the secondary endpoints were the rate of non-advanced New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 12 months after CRT and echocardiographic changes evaluated at least 6 months after CRT. There were 115 patients in the CCC group, 177 with DCM, and 134 with ICM. The annual mortality rates were 25.4%, 10.4%, and 11.3%, respectively (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis adjusted for potential confounders showed that the CCC group had a two-fold [hazard ratio 2.34 (1.47-3.71), P < 0.001] higher risk of death compared to the DCM group. The rate of non-advanced NYHA class 12 months after CRT was significantly higher in non-CCC groups than in the CCC group (DCM 74.0% vs. ICM 73.9% vs. 56.5%, P < 0.001). Chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy and ICM patients had no improvement in the echocardiographic evaluation, but patients in the DCM group had an increase in left ventricular ejection fraction and a decrease in left ventricular end-diastolic diameter. Conclusion: This study showed that CCC patients submitted to CRT have worse prognosis compared to patients with DCM and ICM who undergo CRT. Studies comparing CCC patients with and without CRT are warranted.

2.
Int J Cardiol ; 250: 260-265, 2018 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29079412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) is the most serious and frequent manifestation of Chagas disease. Conduction abnormalities and bradycardia requiring pacemaker are common. The aim of this study was to determine the rate and predictors of death in CCC patients with pacemaker. METHODS: In this single-center prospective cohort study we assessed the outcome of 396 CCC patients with pacemaker, followed-up for at least 24months. All patients underwent a clinical and device assessment, 12-lead electrocardiography and echocardiography. RESULTS: During the median follow-up of 1.9years (Interquartile range 1.6-2.4), there were 65 (16.4%) deaths, yielding an annual mortality rate of 8.6%. The major cause was sudden death (33.8%), followed by heart failure (HF), 32.3%. All the investigated variables were examined as potential predictors of death. The final multivariate logistic regression model included five independent variables: advanced HF functional class (OR [odds ratio] 6.71; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.95-23.2; P=0.003), renal disease (OR 5.71; 95% CI 1.80-18.0; P=0.003), QRS ≥150ms (OR 2.80; 95% CI 1.08-7.27; P=0.034), left atrial enlargement (OR 2.75; 95% CI 1.09-6.95; P=0.032) and left ventricular ejection fraction ≤43% (OR 2.31; 95% CI 1.07-4.97; P=0.032). The model had good discrimination, confirmed by bootstrap validation (optimism-adjusted c-statistic of 0.78) and the calibration curve showed a proper calibration (slope=0.972). CONCLUSIONS: CCC patients with pacemaker have a high annual mortality rate despite that the pacemaker related variables were not predictors of death. The independent predictors of death can help us to identify the poor prognosis patients.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/mortalidade , Marca-Passo Artificial/tendências , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade/tendências , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
In. Kalil Filho, Roberto; Fuster, Valetim; Albuquerque, Cícero Piva de. Medicina cardiovascular reduzindo o impacto das doenças / Cardiovascular medicine reducing the impact of diseases. São Paulo, Atheneu, 2016. p.1007-1025.
Monografia em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-971579
4.
Europace ; 16(6): 887-92, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24050965

RESUMO

AIMS: To perform a comprehensive evaluation of heart rhythm disorders and the influence of disease/therapy factors in a large systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three hundred and seventeen consecutive patients of an ongoing electronic database protocol were evaluated by resting electrocardiogram and 142 were randomly selected for 24 h Holter monitoring for arrhythmia and conduction disturbances. The mean age was 40.2 ± 12.1 years and disease duration was 11.4 ± 8.1 years. Chloroquine (CQ) therapy was identified in 69.7% with a mean use of 8.5 ± 6.7 years. Electrocardiogram abnormalities were detected in 66 patients (20.8%): prolonged QTc/QTd (14.2%); bundle-branch block (2.5%); and atrioventricular block (AVB) (1.6%). Age was associated with AVB (P = 0.029) and prolonged QTc/QTd (P = 0.039) whereas anti-Ro/SS-A and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) scores were not (P > 0.05). Chloroquine was negatively associated with AVB (P = 0.01) as was its longer use (6.1 ± 6.9 vs. 1.0 ± 2.5 years, P = 0.018). Time of CQ use was related with the absence of AVB [odds ratio (OR) = 0.103; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.011-0.934, P = 0.043] in multiple logistic regression. Holter monitoring revealed abnormalities in 121 patients (85.2%): supraventricular ectopies (63.4%) and tachyarrhythmia (18.3%); ventricular ectopies (45.8%). Atrial tachycardia/fibrillation (AT/AF) were associated with shorter CQ duration (7.05 ± 7.99 vs. 3.63 ± 5.02 years, P = 0.043) with a trend to less CQ use (P = 0.054), and older age (P < 0.001). Predictors of AT/AF in multiple logistic regression were age (OR = 1.115; 95% CI = 1.059-1.174, P < 0.001) and anti-Ro/SS-A (OR = 0.172; 95% CI = 0.047-0.629, P = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: Chloroquine seems to play a protective role in the unexpected high rate of cardiac arrhythmias and conduction disturbances observed in SLE. Further studies are necessary to determine if this antiarrhythmic effect is due to the disease control or a direct effect of the drug.


Assuntos
Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Arritmias Cardíacas/prevenção & controle , Cloroquina/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cardiotônicos/uso terapêutico , Causalidade , Comorbidade , Eletrocardiografia/efeitos dos fármacos , Eletrocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Uso Off-Label , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
World J Gastroenterol ; 19(46): 8789-92, 2013 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24379601

RESUMO

Amoxicillin/clavulanate is a synthetic penicillin that is currently commonly used, especially for the treatment of respiratory and cutaneous infections. In general, it is a well-tolerated oral antibiotic. However, amoxicillin/clavulanate can cause adverse effects, mainly cutaneous, gastrointestinal, hepatic and hematologic, in some cases. Presented here is a case report of a 63-year-old male patient who developed cholestatic hepatitis after recent use of amoxicillin/clavulanate. After 6 wk of prolonged use of the drug, he began to show signs of cholestatic icterus and developed severe hyperbilirubinemia (total bilirubin > 300 mg/L). Diagnostic investigation was conducted by ultrasonography of the upper abdomen, serum tests for infection history, laboratory screening of autoimmune diseases, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of the abdomen with bile duct-NMR and transcutaneous liver biopsy guided by ultrasound. The duration of disease was approximately 4 mo, with complete resolution of symptoms and laboratory changes at the end of that time period. Specific treatment was not instituted, only a combination of anti-emetic (metoclopramide) and cholestyramine for pruritus.


Assuntos
Combinação Amoxicilina e Clavulanato de Potássio/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Colestase Intra-Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Antieméticos/uso terapêutico , Antipruriginosos/uso terapêutico , Biópsia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/diagnóstico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Colangiopancreatografia por Ressonância Magnética , Colestase Intra-Hepática/diagnóstico , Colestase Intra-Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hiperbilirrubinemia/induzido quimicamente , Icterícia/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Rev Bras Reumatol ; 50(1): 81-9, 2010 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21125143

RESUMO

Cardiac involvement is present in more than half of the patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). However, studies on the prevalence of arrhythmias in this disease and laboratory correlations predictive of their development do not exist. It seems possible that the classic second mortality peak is related to arrhythmias, mainly due to the sudden nature of those deaths. Autoimmune process, atherosclerotic complications, and even adverse effects secondary to the treatment of this disorder (chloroquine cardiotoxicity) seem to be the main pathophysiological mechanisms of those disturbances. The direct participation of autoantibodies, such as anti-Ro/SSA and anti-RNP, is still controversial. All types of AV blocks (AVB), intraventricular conduction disturbances, and sick sinus syndrome have already been described in this disease. Tachycardias identified more often include sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, and atrial ectopies. Long QT syndrome and the presence of late potentials in signal-averaged ECG have also been described in SLE patients and they can be associated with increased mortality rates. Cardiac toxicity secondary to chloroquine could be responsible for several types of arrhythmias. However, few cases of fascicular block evolving to complete AV block have been described. Since these adverse effects are rarely reported, the beneficial anti-inflammatory and immune properties support the use of antimalarials in this disease. A complete cardiologic evaluation should include the conduction system and must be carried out in all SLE patients to identify arrhythmias, therefore preventing symptoms and also sudden cardiac death.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Cloroquina/efeitos adversos , Humanos
7.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 50(1): 81-89, jan.-fev. 2010.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-543759

RESUMO

Mais da metade dos pacientes com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES) apresentam envolvimento cardíaco. Porém, não existem estudos de prevalência de eventos arrítmicos (EA) nesta doença, nem de correlações laboratoriais preditoras de sua ocorrência. É possível que o clássico segundo pico de mortalidade da doença esteja relacionado com a ocorrência da EA, sobretudo pela natureza súbita dos óbitos relatados. Processo autoimune, complicações ateroscleróticas e, até mesmo, efeito adverso do tratamento (cardiotoxicidade pela cloroquina) parecem ser os mecanismos fisiopatológicos mais prováveis para estes distúrbios. A participação direta de autoanticorpos, como o anti-Ro/SSA e o anti-RNP ainda é controversa.Todos os tipos de bloqueios atrioventriculares (BAV), distúrbios da condução intraventricular e a doença do nó sinusal já foram descritos na doença. As taquicardias mais identificadas são a taquicardia sinusal, a fibrilação atrial e as extrassístoles atriais. O prolongamento do intervalo QT e a presença de potenciais tardios ao eletrocardiograma de alta resolução também já foram documentados em pacientes com LES e podem estar associados a maiores taxas de mortalidade. A toxicidade cardíaca secundária ao uso de cloroquina poderia determinar diversos tipos de EA. Entretanto, existem poucos relatos de bloqueio fascicular que poderiam evoluir para BAVT com o uso desta droga. Uma vez que estes efeitos adversos são raramente descritos, os benefícios das propriedades anti-inflamatórias e imunes reforçam o uso dos antimaláricos nesta doença. Uma avaliação cardiológica completa deve incluir exames do sistema excito-condutor e deve ser realizada em todos os pacientes com LES no sentido de identificar EA, prevenindo sintomas e até mesmo a morte súbita.


Cardiac involvement is present in more than half of the patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). However, studies on the prevalence of arrhythmias in this disease and laboratorial correlations predictive of their development do not exist. It seems possible that the classic second mortality peak is related to arrhythmias, mainly due to the sudden nature of those deaths. Autoimmune process, atherosclerotic complications, and even adverse effects secondary to the treatment of this disorder (chloroquine cardiotoxicity) seem to be the main pathophysiological mechanisms of those disturbances. The direct participation of autoantibodies, such as anti-Ro/SSA and anti-RNP, is still controversial. All types of AV blocks (AVB), intraventricular conduction disturbances, and sick sinus syndrome have already been described in this disease. Tachycardias identified more often include sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, and atrial ectopies. Long QT syndrome and the presence of late potentials in signal-averaged ECG have also been described in SLE patients and they can be associated with increased mortality rates. Cardiac toxicity secondary to chloroquine could be responsible for several types of arrhythmias. However, few cases of fascicular block evolving to complete AV block have been described. Since these adverse effects are rarely reported, the beneficial anti-inflammatory and immune properties support the use of antimalarials in this disease. A complete cardiologic evaluation should include the conduction system and must be carried out in all SLE patients to identify arrhythmias, therefore preventing symptoms and also sudden cardiac death.


Assuntos
Humanos , Antimaláricos , Arritmias Cardíacas , Autoanticorpos , Eletrocardiografia , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações
10.
São Paulo; s.n; 2009. [114] p. ilus, tab, graf.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-587326

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: O Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico (LES) é uma doença inflamatória crônica que pode acometer qualquer órgão ou sistema. O acometimento do coração pode ocorrer em até 50% dos casos e não existem estudos de prevalência de eventos arrítmicos (EA) em pacientes com LES, nem de correlações laboratoriais preditoras de sua ocorrência. OBJETIVOS: Estabelecer a taxa de ocorrência de EA e identificar variáveis laboratoriais preditoras de sua ocorrência em pacientes com LES em seguimento em ambulatório de hospital terciário; estabelecer a associação entre o uso de cloroquina com a ocorrência de EA e óbitos (tipo, número e tempo de seguimento). MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo clínico descritivo, observacional e aberto com pacientes em seguimento ambulatorial no Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo que foram submetidos a avaliação clínica, exames laboratoriais, ECG de repouso e Holter de 24h. A associação entre as variáveis e os EA foi avaliada por meio dos testes qui-quadrado, razão de verossimilhança, teste exato de Fisher, teste t-Student, teste não-paramétrico de Mann-Whitney, regressão logística múltipla e curva ROC. RESULTADOS: Entre agosto/2005 e agosto/2006 foram estudados 325 pacientes consecutivos, sendo 8 excluídos. A idade média foi de 40,25 anos, 91% mulheres. O tempo médio do diagnóstico de LES foi de 11,36 anos e apenas 6 pacientes apresentaram critérios para atividade do LES (escore SLEDAI). Duzentos e vinte e um pacientes estavam em uso de cloroquina. Alterações ao ECG ocorreram em 66 pacientes (20,82%): 5 bloqueios atrioventriculares de 1º grau; 4 bradicardias sinusais; 4 taquicardias sinusais e 1 supraventricular; 6 bloqueios do ramo direito (BRD); 2 bloqueios do ramo esquerdo (BRE); 45 QT prolongados. Ao Holter foram identificados 4 pacientes com pausas > 2,0 segundos; 45 com FC mínima < 50bpm; 90 com extrassístoles supraventriculares (ESV); 26 com taquiarritmias supraventriculares (FA/TA); 65 com...


INTRODUCTION: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory illness that can affect any organ and system. Up to 50% of patients have their heart affected and there are no prevalence studies of arrhythmic events (AE) in SLE patients and laboratory predictors are also unknown. OBJECTIVES: To establish the rate of occurrence of AE and to identify laboratory predictors in outpatients with SLE; to establish the association between chloroquine use and the occurrence of AE and death (type, number and time of follow-up). METHODS: A descriptive, observational and opened clinical study was carried out with SLE oupatients selected from the Rheumatology clinic of São Paulo University Medical School, Brazil. They were submitted to clinical evaluation, laboratory exams, resting-ECG and 24-hour Holter monitoring. Statistics: The association between the variables and the occurrence of AE was assessed by chi-square, likelihood ratio, Fishers test, t-Student, Mann-Whitney, ROC curve and logistic regressions. RESULTS: Between august/05-august/06, 325 consecutive patients were studied. Resting-ECG abnormalities were found in 66 patients, rate of 20.82%. The average age was 40.25yo, 91% female. The average time of SLE diagnosis was of 11.36y and only 6 presented criteria for diseases activity (SLEDAI score). There were 221 patients using chloroquine. ECG disturbances found: 5 1st degree AV-block; 4 sinus bradycardia; 4 sinus tachycardia and 1 supraventricular tachycardia; 6 RBBB; 2 LBBB; 45 long QT. At Holter monitoring: 4 pauses>2.0s; 45 HR<50bpm; 90 atrial ectopies; 26 atrial tachyarrhythmia; 65 ventricular ectopies. Seven death were registered (2.47%). Age above 40yo was predictor of AE (p=0.002; OR=2.5; 95%IC=1.4-5.6). Presence of anticardiolipine antibody was predictor of QRS>120ms occurrence (p = 0.005; OR 3.989; IC 95% = 1.615-9.852). C3 level bellow 105mg% was predictor of non-occurrence of...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Arritmias Cardíacas , Cloroquina , Ensaio Clínico , Seguimentos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico
11.
In. Serrano Júnior, Carlos V; Timerman, Ari; Stefanini, Edson. Tratado de Cardiologia SOCESP. São Paulo, Manole, 2 ed; 2009. p.1615-1633.
Monografia em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-602620
13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 79(1): 85-8, 2002 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12163948

RESUMO

Chloroquine has been widely used in rheumatological treatment, but potential severe side effects require careful follow-up. Cardiac damage is not a common consequence, but its clinical relevance has not yet been described. We report the case of a 58-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis, in whom chronic chloroquine use resulted in major irreversible cardiac damage. She presented with syncopal episodes due to complete atrioventricular block confirmed by electrophysiological study whose changes were concluded to be irreversible and a permanent pacemaker was indicated. Endomyocardial biopsy was also performed to search for histopathological and ultrastructural cardiac damage. We also reviewed the 22 cases of chloroquine-induced cardiopathy described to date as well as its pathophysiology.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Cloroquina/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Cardiopatias/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 79(1): 85-88, July 2002. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-316169

RESUMO

Chloroquine has been widely used in rheumatological treatment, but potential severe side effects require careful follow-up. Cardiac damage is not a common consequence, but its clinical relevance has not yet been described. We report the case of a 58-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis, in whom chronic chloroquine use resulted in major irreversible cardiac damage. She presented with syncopal episodes due to complete atrioventricular block confirmed by electrophysiological study whose changes were concluded to be irreversible and a permanent pacemaker was indicated. Endomyocardial biopsy was also performed to search for histopathological and ultrastructural cardiac damage. We also reviewed the 22 cases of chloroquine-induced cardiopathy described to date as well as its pathophysiology


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cloroquina , Cardiopatias , Artrite Reumatoide , Cloroquina , Cardiopatias
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