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1.
Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(7): 443-458, ago.-sept. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182864

RESUMO

Objetivo: El tratamiento de la diabetes tipo 2 (DM2) es complejo y su propósito es reducir la morbimortalidad, por lo que su manejo tiene que incluir: un control glucémico individualizado precoz (mediante una adecuada educación diabetológica, modificaciones del estilo de vida y tratamiento farmacológico), el control de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular (CV), la detección y tratamiento precoz de las complicaciones y la evaluación de las comorbilidades asociadas. El objetivo fue elaborar un documento para unificar los aspectos necesarios para el abordaje integral de las personas con DM2. Participantes: Miembros del Grupo de trabajo de Diabetes Mellitus de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la evidencia disponible relativa a cada aspecto del manejo de la diabetes: objetivos de control glucémico, dieta y ejercicio, tratamiento farmacológico, tratamiento y control de factores de riesgo, detección de complicaciones y manejo del paciente frágil con DM2. Las recomendaciones se formularon según los grados de evidencia recogidos en los Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes 2018. Tras la formulación de las recomendaciones el documento fue consensuado por los miembros del Grupo de trabajo de Diabetes Mellitus de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición. Conclusiones: El objetivo de este documento es proporcionar, desde el punto de vista del endocrinólogo clínico, unas recomendaciones prácticas basadas en la evidencia acerca de todos los aspectos necesarios para el abordaje integral de la DM2


Objective: Treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is complex and is intended to decrease morbidity and mortality. Management should therefore include adequate diabetes education, lifestyle changes, drug treatment to achieve early blood glucose control and reduction of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, early detection and treatment of complications, and assessment of associated comorbidities. The objective was to prepare a document including all aspects required for a comprehensive approach to T2DM. Participants: Members of the Diabetes Mellitus Working Group of the Spanish Society of Endocrinology. Methods: The available evidence regarding each aspect of diabetes management (blood glucose control goals, diet and exercise, drug treatment, risk factor management and control, detection of complications, and management of frail patients) was reviewed. Recommendations were formulated based on the grades of evidence stated in the 2018 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes. Recommendations were discussed and agreed by the working group members. Conclusions: This document is intended to provide evidence-based practical recommendations for comprehensive management of T2DM by clinical endocrinologists


Assuntos
Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Documentos , Índice Glicêmico , Estilo de Vida , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Estratégias de eSaúde , Exercício/fisiologia
3.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 154: 43-51, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226281

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Controlling postprandial glycemia (PPG) is important to achieve optimal glycemic control, but few studies have evaluated how often is measured and evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how often patients on insulin therapy measure PPG and modify insulin doses accordantly. As secondary objectives, we evaluated the factors conditioning elevated PPG and associated issues. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study based on a web-based survey from an unselected sample of adult insulin-treated patients. A p-value of < 0.05 was significant. RESULTS: 1251 patients (68% women, 38.9 ±â€¯13 years [mean ±â€¯SD], body mass index (BMI) 24.2 ±â€¯4.2 kg/m2, diabetes duration 17.4 ±â€¯12.8 years, insulin dose 38 ±â€¯18 IU) participated, 1104 with autoinmmune disease (AD) and 147 with non-autoinmmune diabetes (NAD). 59% of patients had HbA1c ≤ 7%, 92.7% of patients with AD and 55.8% with NAD were attended by specialists (p < 0.001). People with AD did more often blood glucose monitoring (BGM) (p < 0.0001) and used continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMS) (p < 0.0001). 90.1% with AD and 68.0% with NAD received instructions on measuring PPG (p < 0.001), and more with AD received specific training to change the treatment (87% vs. 61.2%, p < 0.0001) and were more proactive. However, more with NAD discussed their postprandial glucose levels with their healthcare team during clinical visits (92.5% vs. 74.1%, p < 0.0001). Regarding bolus administration, 88.6% with AD and 68.7% with NAD injected the insulin bolus before meals (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with AD determine PPG more frequently. Diabetes type, follow-up setting, number of injections and CGMS use were the most important predictive factors for PPG measurement. Diabetes education programs should address how to best monitor PPG and appropriate corrective actions.


Assuntos
Automonitorização da Glicemia/normas , Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Hiperglicemia/prevenção & controle , Insulina/normas , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Período Pós-Prandial , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/sangue , Hipoglicemiantes/normas , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr ; 66(7): 443-458, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30827909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is complex and is intended to decrease morbidity and mortality. Management should therefore include adequate diabetes education, lifestyle changes, drug treatment to achieve early blood glucose control and reduction of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, early detection and treatment of complications, and assessment of associated comorbidities. The objective was to prepare a document including all aspects required for a comprehensive approach to T2DM. PARTICIPANTS: Members of the Diabetes Mellitus Working Group of the Spanish Society of Endocrinology. METHODS: The available evidence regarding each aspect of diabetes management (blood glucose control goals, diet and exercise, drug treatment, risk factor management and control, detection of complications, and management of frail patients) was reviewed. Recommendations were formulated based on the grades of evidence stated in the 2018 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes. Recommendations were discussed and agreed by the working group members. CONCLUSIONS: This document is intended to provide evidence-based practical recommendations for comprehensive management of T2DM by clinical endocrinologists.

5.
Nutr Hosp ; 35(6): 1491-1496, 2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30525864

RESUMO

AIM: to communicate HPN data obtained from the HPN registry of the NADYA-SENPE group (www.nadya-senpe.com) for the year 2017. MATERIAL AND METHODS: descriptive analysis of the data collected from adult and pediatric patients with HPN in the NADYA-SENPE group registry from January 1st, 2017 to December 31st, 2017. RESULTS: there were 308 patients from 45 Spanish hospitals (54.5% women), 38 children and 270 adults, with 3,012 episodes, which represent a prevalence rate of 6.61 patients/million inhabitants/year 2017. The most frequent diagnosis in adults was "palliative cancer" (25.6%), followed by "others". In children, it was Hirschsprung's disease with six cases (15.8%). The first indication was short bowel syndrome in both children (55.3%) and adults (33.7%). The most frequently used type of catheter was tunneled in both children (73.4%) and adults (38.2%). Ending 81 episodes, the most frequent cause was death (62.9%) and transition to oral feeding (34.7%). CONCLUSIONS: the progressive increase of collaborating centers and professionals in the registry of patients receiving NPD is maintained. The main indications of HPN and the motive for ending have remained stable.


Assuntos
Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Doença de Hirschsprung/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros , Síndrome do Intestino Curto/terapia , Espanha
6.
Nutr. hosp ; 35(6): 1491-1496, nov.-dic. 2018. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181491

RESUMO

Objetivo: comunicar los datos de nutrición parenteral domiciliaria (NPD) obtenidos del registro del grupo NADYA-SENPE (www.nadya-senpe.com) del año 2017. Material y métodos: análisis descriptivo de los datos recogidos de pacientes adultos y pediátricos con NPD en el registro NADYA-SENPE desde el 1 de enero al 31 de diciembre de 2017. Resultados: se registraron 308 pacientes (54,5% mujeres), 38 niños y 270 adultos, procedentes de 45 hospitales españoles, en total 312 episodios, lo que representa una tasa de prevalencia de 6,61 pacientes/millón de habitantes/año 2017. El diagnóstico más frecuente en adultos fue "oncológico paliativo" (25,6%), seguido de "otros". En niños fue la enfermedad de Hirschsprung, con seis casos (15,8%). El primer motivo de indicación fue síndrome de intestino corto tanto en niños (55,3%) como en adultos (33,7%). El tipo de catéter más utilizado fue el tunelizado tanto en niños (74,3%) como en adultos (38,2%). Finalizaron 81 episodios; la causa más frecuente fue el fallecimiento (62,9%) y que pasaron a vía oral (34,7%). Conclusiones: se mantiene el incremento progresivo de centros y profesionales colaboradores en el registro de pacientes que reciben NPD. Las principales indicaciones de NPD y de motivo de finalización se mantienen estables


Aim: to communicate HPN data obtained from the HPN registry of the NADYA-SENPE group (www.nadya-senpe.com) for the year 2017. Material and methods: descriptive analysis of the data collected from adult and pediatric patients with HPN in the NADYA-SENPE group registry from January 1st, 2017 to December 31st, 2017. Results: there were 308 patients from 45 Spanish hospitals (54.5% women), 38 children and 270 adults, with 3,012 episodes, which represent a prevalence rate of 6.61 patients/million inhabitants/year 2017. The most frequent diagnosis in adults was "palliative cancer" (25.6%), followed by "others". In children, it was Hirschsprung's disease with six cases (15.8%). The first indication was short bowel syndrome in both children (55.3%) and adults (33.7%). The most frequently used type of catheter was tunneled in both children (73.4%) and adults (38.2%). Ending 81 episodes, the most frequent cause was death (62.9%) and transition to oral feeding (34.7%). Conclusions: the progressive increase of collaborating centers and professionals in the registry of patients receiving NPD is maintained. The main indications of HPN and the motive for ending have remained stable


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adulto , Nutrição Parenteral/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença de Hirschsprung/terapia , Neoplasias/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Registros , Síndrome do Intestino Curto/terapia , Espanha
7.
Nutr Hosp ; 34(5): 1497-1501, 2017 Nov 24.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29280669

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To communicate HPN data obtained from the HPN registry of the NADYA-SENPE group (www.nadya-senpe.com) for the year 2016. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive analysis of the data collected from adult and pediatric patients with HPN in the NADYA-SENPE group registry from January 1st, 2016 to December 31st, 2016. RESULTS: There were 286 patients from 42 Spanish hospitals (54.2% women), 34 children and 252 adults, with 294 episodes, which represent a prevalence rate of 6.16 patients / million inhabitants / year 2016. The most frequent diagnosis in adults was "palliative cancer" (25.8%), followed by "others". In children it was "motility alterations" with 6 cases (17.6%), Hirschsprung's disease and necrotising enterocolitis, both with 5 children (14.7%). The first indication was short bowel syndrome in both children (64.7%) and adults (37.3%), followed by intestinal obstruction in 28.6% adults and 14.7% in children. The most frequently used type of catheter was tunnelled in both children (70.6%) and adults (37.9%). The most frequent complication in adults was infection related to the catheter, which presented a rate of 0.48 infections / 1,000 days of NPD. During this period, 71 episodes ended in adults and the main cause was death (57.7%) followed by resuming the oral route (31%). CONCLUSIONS: There is a progressive increase of centers and professional collaborators in the registry who report patients receiving parenteral nutrition at home. The main indications of HPN and the motive for ending have remained stable.


Assuntos
Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Assistência Ambulatorial , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Gastroenteropatias/terapia , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
8.
Nutr. hosp ; 34(6): 1497-1501, nov.-dic. 2017. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-169003

RESUMO

Objetivo: comunicar los datos de nutrición parenteral domiciliaria (NPD) obtenidos del registro del Grupo de Nutrición Artificial Domiciliaria y Ambulatoria (NADYA-SENPE; www.nadya-senpe.com) del año 2016. Material y métodos: análisis descriptivo de los datos recogidos de pacientes adultos y pediátricos con NPD en el registro NADYA-SENPE desde el 1 de enero al 31 de diciembre de 2016. Resultados: se registraron 286 pacientes (54,2% mujeres), 34 niños y 252 adultos, procedentes de 42 hospitales españoles con 294 episodios, lo que representa una tasa de prevalencia de 6,16 pacientes/millón de habitantes/año 2016. El diagnóstico más frecuente en adultos fue de oncológico paliativo (25,8%), seguido de otros. En niños, fue de alteraciones de la motilidad con 6 casos (17,6%), la enfermedad de Hirschsprung y la enterocolitis necrotizante, ambos con 5 niños (14,7%). El primer motivo de indicación fue síndrome de intestino corto tanto en niños (64,7%) como en adultos (37,3%), seguido de obstrucción intestinal, 28,6% en adultos y 14,7% en niños. El tipo de catéter más utilizado fue el tunelizado tanto en niños (70,6%) como en adultos (37,9%), y la complicación más frecuente en adultos fue la infección relacionada con el catéter, que presentó una tasa de 0,48 infecciones/1.000 días de NPD. Durante este periodo, finalizaron 71 episodios en adultos siendo la causa de finalización principal el fallecimiento (57,7%) y paso a vía oral (31%). Conclusiones: se constata un incremento progresivo de centros y profesionales colaboradores en el registro de pacientes que reciben NPD. Las principales indicaciones de NPD y de motivo de finalización se mantienen estables (AU)


Objective: To communicate HPN data obtained from the HPN registry of the NADYA-SENPE group (www.nadya-senpe.com) for the year 2016. Material and methods: Descriptive analysis of the data collected from adult and pediatric patients with HPN in the NADYA-SENPE group registry from January 1st, 2016 to December 31 st, 2016. Results: There were 286 patients from 42 Spanish hospitals (54.2% women), 34 children and 252 adults, with 294 episodes, which represent a prevalence rate of 6.16 patients / million inhabitants / year 2016. The most frequent diagnosis in adults was «palliative cancer» (25.8%), followed by «others». In children it was «motility alterations» with 6 cases (17.6%), Hirschsprung's disease and necrotising enterocolitis, both with 5 children (14.7%). The first indication was short bowel syndrome in both children (64.7%) and adults (37.3%), followed by intestinal obstruction in 28.6% adults and 14.7% in children. The most frequently used type of catheter was tunnelled in both children (70.6%) and adults (37.9%). The most frequent complication in adults was infection related to the catheter, which presented a rate of 0.48 infections / 1,000 days of NPD. During this period, 71 episodes ended in adults and the main cause was death (57.7%) followed by resuming the oral route (31%). Conclusions: There is a progressive increase of centers and professional collaborators in the registry who report patients receiving parenteral nutrition at home. The main indications of HPN and the motive for ending have remained stable (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Adulto , Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio/métodos , Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio/normas , Nutrição da Criança , Apoio Nutricional/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Alimentação Artificial/normas , Alimentos Formulados/normas , Alimentos Formulados , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/organização & administração , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/normas , Análise de Variância
10.
Nutr Hosp ; 34(1): 216-223, 2017 02 01.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28244794

RESUMO

Introduction: Dietary fiber is an important component of human diet. Since each fiber type has specific metabolic and gastrointestinal function effects, in each specific pathology we will have to choose the optimum type of fiber, considering its chemical, physical and physiological properties. Objective:to put partially hydrolyzed guar gum in its place in the complex framework of dietary fiber, to review its physicochemical properties and possible mechanisms of action; as well as its potential usefulness in different clinical situations in adult patients. Methods: non-systematic review in Medline. Results: Partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) is obtained from a partial enzymatic hydrolysis of guar gum by the enzyme ß-endo-mannanase. It is a soluble, highly fermentable fiber with low viscosity. The fermentation of GGPH in colon produces short chain fatty acids, implicated in the main pathophysiological mechanisms responsible for their clinical effects. Its use in enteral nutrition associated diarrhea is supported by several studies and by the recommendations of scientific societies such as the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism and the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. The usefulness of GGPH has been studied in many other clinical situations, such as diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, bacterial overgrowth, etc. with promising results. Conclusions: GGPH is useful in the management of enteral nutrition associated diarrhea. In other clinical situations, more quality studies would be necessary in order to make concrete recommendations.


Assuntos
Galactanos/uso terapêutico , Mananas/uso terapêutico , Gomas Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Diarreia/etiologia , Diarreia/prevenção & controle , Fibras na Dieta/farmacologia , Nutrição Enteral/efeitos adversos , Galactanos/farmacologia , Humanos , Hidrólise , Mananas/farmacologia , Gomas Vegetais/farmacologia
12.
Nutr. hosp ; 34(1): 216-223, ene.-feb. 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-161163

RESUMO

Introducción: la fibra dietética es un componente importante de la dieta humana. Cada tipo de fibra tiene efectos específicos a nivel metabólico y en el funcionamiento gastrointestinal, por lo que en cada patología concreta habremos de elegir la fibra óptima teniendo en cuenta sus propiedades químicas, físicas y fisiológicas. Objetivo: encuadrar la goma guar parcialmente hidrolizada en su lugar en el complejo marco de la fibra dietética, revisar sus propiedades físico-químicas y posibles mecanismos de acción; así como su potencial utilidad en distintas situaciones clínicas en pacientes adultos. Métodos: revisión no sistemática en Medline. Resultados: la goma guar parcialmente hidrolizada (GGPH) se obtiene a partir de una hidrólisis enzimática parcial de la goma guar mediante la enzima β-endo-mananasa. Se trata de una fibra soluble, altamente fermentable y de baja viscosidad. La fermentación de la GGPH a nivel colónico produce ácidos grasos de cadena corta, implicados en los principales mecanismos fi siopatólogicos responsables de sus efectos a nivel clínico. Su uso en la diarrea asociada a la nutrición enteral está avalada por diversos estudios y por la recomendaciones de sociedades científicas como la European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism y la American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. Se ha estudiado la utilidad de la GGPH en otras muchas situaciones clínicas, como diabetes, hipercolesterolemia, sobrecrecimiento bacteriano, etc. con resultados prometedores. Conclusiones: la GGPH es útil en el manejo de la diarrea asociada a nutrición enteral. Respecto a otras situaciones clínicas, serían necesarios más estudios de calidad para poder hacer recomendaciones concretas (AU)


Introduction: Dietary fiber is an important component of human diet. Since each fiber type has specific metabolic and gastrointestinal function effects, in each specific pathology we will have to choose the optimum type of fiber, considering its chemical, physical and physiological properties. Objective: to put partially hydrolyzed guar gum in its place in the complex framework of dietary fiber, to review its physicochemical properties and possible mechanisms of action; as well as its potential usefulness in different clinical situations in adult patients. Methods: non-systematic review in Medline. Results: Partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) is obtained from a partial enzymatic hydrolysis of guar gum by the enzyme β-endo-mannanase. It is a soluble, highly fermentable fiber with low viscosity. The fermentation of GGPH in colon produces short chain fatty acids, implicated in the main pathophysiological mechanisms responsible for their clinical effects. Its use in enteral nutrition associated diarrhea is supported by several studies and by the recommendations of scientific societies such as the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism and the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. The usefulness of GGPH has been studied in many other clinical situations, such as diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, bacterial overgrowth, etc. with promising results. Conclusions: GGPH is useful in the management of enteral nutrition associated diarrhea. In other clinical situations, more quality studies would be necessary in order to make concrete recommendations (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Cyamopsis , Alimentos Fortificados , Nutrição Enteral/métodos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/dietoterapia , Fibras na Dieta , Diarreia/dietoterapia , Diarreia/etiologia
13.
Nutr Hosp ; 33(6): 1487-1490, 2016 Nov 29.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28000484

RESUMO

Objetivo: Comunicar los datos del registro de Nutrición Parenteral Domiciliaria (NPD) del grupo de trabajo NADYA-SENPE del años 2015.Material y métodos: Recopilación de los datos de NPD del registro "on-line" del grupo de Nutrición Artificial Domiciliaria y Ambulatoria (NADYA) desde el 1 de enero de 2015 al 31 de diciembre de 2015.Resultados: Se registraron 236 pacientes, con 243 episodios de NPD procedentes de 40 hospitales. Lo que representa una tasa de 5,08 pacientes/millón de habitantes/ año 2015. La patología más frecuente en los adultos fue "otros" (26,3%) seguido por "oncológico paliativo" (21,6%).  La complicación más frecuente fue la séptica relacionada con el catéter que presentó una tasa de 0,53 infecciones/1000 días de NPD. Finalizaron 64 episodios, la principal causa fue el fallecimiento (43,7%) y el 'paso a la vía oral' (32,8%).Conclusiones: constatamos el aumento de los centros y profesionales colaboradores, dando respuesta a la cantidad progresivamente mayor de pacientes con soporte nutricional parenteral en domicilio. Se mantienen estables las principales indicaciones para el establecimiento de NPD y las causas de finalización del tratamiento.


Assuntos
Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio/tendências , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio/efeitos adversos , Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio/estatística & dados numéricos , Espanha
14.
Nutr. hosp ; 33(6): 1487-1490, nov.-dic. 2016. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-159834

RESUMO

Objetivo: comunicar los datos del registro de Nutrición Parenteral Domiciliaria (NPD) del grupo de trabajo NADYA-SENPE del año 2015. Material y métodos: recopilación de los datos de NPD del registro online del grupo de Nutrición Artificial Domiciliaria y Ambulatoria (NADYA) desde el 1 de enero de 2015 al 31 de diciembre de 2015. Resultados: se registraron 236 pacientes, con 243 episodios de NPD procedentes de 40 hospitales, lo que representa una tasa de 5,08 pacientes/millón de habitantes/año 2015. La patología más frecuente en los adultos fue «otros» (26,3%) seguido por «oncológico paliativo» (21,6%). La complicación más frecuente fue la séptica relacionada con el catéter, que presentó una tasa de 0,53 infecciones/1.000 días de NPD. Finalizaron 64 episodios, la principal causa fue el fallecimiento (43,7%) y el «paso a la vía oral» (32,8%). Conclusiones: constatamos el aumento de los centros y profesionales colaboradores, dando respuesta a la cantidad progresivamente mayor de pacientes con soporte nutricional parenteral en domicilio. Se mantienen estables las principales indicaciones para el establecimiento de NPD y las causas de finalización del tratamiento (AU)


Aim: To communicate the results of the Spanish Home Parenteral Nutrition (HEN) registry of the NADYA-SENPE group for the year 2015. Material and methods: Data was recorded online by NADYA group collaborators that were responsible of the HPN follow-up from 1st January to 31st December 2015. Results: Two hundred and thirty-six patients with 243 episodes of NPD were recorded from 40 hospitals. This represents a rate of 5.08 patients/million habitants for 2015. The most frequent pathology in adults was other (26.3%) followed by palliative oncological (21.6%). The most common complication was catheter-related sepsis which presented a rate of 0.53 infections/1,000 days of HPN. Sixty-four episodes were finished; the main cause was death (43.7%) and resuming to oral via (32.8%). Conclusions: we fi nd increasing centers and professional partners, responding to the progressively more patients with parenteral nutrition support at home. The main indications for the establishment of NPD and causes termination of treatment remain stable (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Nutricionais/dietoterapia , Apoio Nutricional/estatística & dados numéricos , Registros de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
Endocrinol. nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 62(6): e73-e93, jun.-jul. 2015. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-140174

RESUMO

La práctica de deporte con un nivel de exigencia alto es cada vez más habitual en pacientes con diabetes mellitus (DM). Esta situación aconseja realizar tanto una valoración previa como una amplia serie de modificaciones en el tratamiento, escasamente referidas en la literatura médica habitual. Objetivo: Elaborar una guía clínica que oriente sobre la actitud médica a seguir ante un paciente con DM que realiza deporte de forma habitual. Métodos: Un grupo de expertos del Grupo de Trabajo de DM de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición (SEEN) ha revisado la literatura médica relevante en cada uno de los apartados. En base a esta revisión, y con los datos aportados por la experiencia de una serie de deportistas con DM, se han consensuado una serie de recomendaciones dentro de cada apartado. Tras la formulación de las recomendaciones, estas se han discutido conjuntamente por el Grupo de Trabajo y por representantes de la SEEN. Conclusión: La guía ofrece unas pautas que abarcan desde la valoración previa a la práctica deportiva en paciente con DM, como a la actuación durante y después del deporte, pasando por aspectos como la repercusión del deporte en el control de la DM, pautas de entrenamiento o situaciones de especial riesgo (AU)


Sporting activity is becoming a common practice in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). This situation requires both a preliminary medical assessment and a wide range of changes in treatment which have scarcely been addressed in medical literature. Objective: To prepare a clinical guideline on the medical approach to patients with diabetes who practice sport regularly. Methods: An expert panel from the Diabetes Mellitus Working Group of the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (SEEN) reviewed the most relevant literature in each of the sections. Based both on this review and on data from the experience of a number of athletes with DM, a number of recommendations were agreed within each section. Finally, the Working Group and representatives of the SEEN jointly discussed all these recommendations. Conclusion: The guideline provides recommendations ranging from medical assessment before patients with DM start to practice sport to actions during and after physical activity. Recommendations are also given on aspects such as the impact of sport on blood glucose control, training schemes, or special risk situations (AU)


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Diabetes Mellitus/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Espirometria , Glicemia/análise , Hipoglicemia/prevenção & controle
17.
Endocrinol Nutr ; 62(6): e73-93, 2015.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25840764

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Sporting activity is becoming a common practice in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). This situation requires both a preliminary medical assessment and a wide range of changes in treatment which have scarcely been addressed in medical literature. OBJECTIVE: To prepare a clinical guideline on the medical approach to patients with diabetes who practice sport regularly. METHODS: An expert panel from the Diabetes Mellitus Working Group of the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (SEEN) reviewed the most relevant literature in each of the sections. Based both on this review and on data from the experience of a number of athletes with DM, a number of recommendations were agreed within each section. Finally, the Working Group and representatives of the SEEN jointly discussed all these recommendations. CONCLUSION: The guideline provides recommendations ranging from medical assessment before patients with DM start to practice sport to actions during and after physical activity. Recommendations are also given on aspects such as the impact of sport on blood glucose control, training schemes, or special risk situations.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Esportes , Complicações do Diabetes/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Esportes/fisiologia
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