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Nanotechnology ; 29(1): 015201, 2018 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29119951


A plasmonic cavity is shown to greatly reduce the inhomogeneity of dynamic optical properties such as quantum efficiency and radiative lifetime of InGaN quantum dots. By using an open-top plasmonic cavity structure, which exhibits a large Purcell factor and antenna quantum efficiency, the resulting quantum efficiency distribution for the quantum dots narrows and is no longer limited by the quantum dot inhomogeneity. The standard deviation of the quantum efficiency can be reduced to 2% while maintaining the overall quantum efficiency at 70%, making InGaN quantum dots a viable candidate for high-speed quantum cryptography and random number generation applications.

Sci Rep ; 7: 42962, 2017 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28256529


In this research, nano-ring light-emitting diodes (NRLEDs) with different wall width (120 nm, 80 nm and 40 nm) were fabricated by specialized nano-sphere lithography technology. Through the thinned wall, the effective bandgaps of nano-ring LEDs can be precisely tuned by reducing the strain inside the active region. Photoluminescence (PL) and time-resolved PL measurements indicated the lattice-mismatch induced strain inside the active region was relaxed when the wall width is reduced. Through the simulation, we can understand the strain distribution of active region inside NRLEDs. The simulation results not only revealed the exact distribution of strain but also predicted the trend of wavelength-shifted behavior of NRLEDs. Finally, the NRLEDs devices with four-color emission on the same wafer were demonstrated.

Nanotechnology ; 23(45): 455301, 2012 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23085680


We present a novel approach to the fabrication of zero-mode waveguides (ZMWs) using inexpensive processing techniques. Our method is capable of rapid fabrication of circular nanoapertures with diameters ranging from 70 nm to 2 µm, allowing us to perform a detailed characterization of the dependence of the fluorescence emission on the waveguide diameter. We also validated the use of the fabricated ZMWs by detecting single molecule binding events with a signal-to-noise ratio of ten.