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1.
Inorg Chem ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36724472

RESUMO

A stable metal-organic framework with the formula {[Co(BBZB)(IPA)]·H2O}n (JXUST-23, BBZB = 4,7-bis(1H-benzimidazole-1-yl)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole and H2IPA = isophthalic acid) was constructed by incorporating Co2+ ions and two conjugated ligands under solvothermal conditions. JXUST-23 takes a dinuclear cluster-based layer structure with a porosity of 2.7%. In this work, JXUST-23 was used to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS) to degrade rhodamine B (RhB), a difficult-to-degrade pollutant in water. Compared with pure PMS or JXUST-23, the JXUST-23/PMS system displays the best degradation ability of RhB in neutral solution. When the mass ratio of JXUST-23 to PMS was 2:3, 99.72% of RhB (50 ppm) was removed within 60 min, and the reaction rate was 0.1 min-1. Furthermore, free radical quenching experiments show that SO4•- was the main free radical during the process of RhB degradation. In addition, JXUST-23 exhibits good reusability for the degradation of the organic dye RhB, making it a potential candidate for environmental remediation.

2.
BMC Emerg Med ; 23(1): 11, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36721090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood monocytes are important immune modulatory cells that change during aging. Previous studies on sepsis and monocytes did not distinguish between age groups, especially in the older adult population. The mechanisms of monocyte subsets and function are not well-understood in the aging context with sepsis. METHODS: Monocyte subsets were measured using flow cytometry in 80 sepsis patients and 40 healthy controls. Plasma cytokine levels were measured using cytokine antibody arrays. RESULTS: The percentage of MO3 (CD14 + CD16 + +)/monocytes was higher in sepsis patients than in controls (P = 0.011), whereas the percentage of MO1 (CD14 + + CD16 -)/monocytes was higher in septic shock patients and 28-day death group than in those without shock and 28-day survival group (P = 0.034, 0.038). Logistic regression analysis showed that the percentage of MO3/monocytes (OR = 1.120, P = 0.046) and plasma level of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 (OR = 1.006, P = 0.023) were independently associated with the occurrence of sepsis, whereas the percentage of MO1/monocytes (OR = 1.255, P = 0.048) was independently associated with septic shock. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of MO3/monocyte percentage in combination with MCP-1 plasma level (AUC = 0.799) for predicting sepsis was higher than that of each parameter alone (P < 0.001). The AUC of MO1/monocyte percentage with the value 0.706 (P = 0.003) was lower than the AUC of SOFA (sequential organ failure assessment) score with the value 0.966 (P < 0.001) for predicting septic shock, but the value of the two AUCs were similar for predicting 28-day mortality (AUC = 0.705, 0.827; P = 0.020, P < 0.001). The AUC of MO1/monocytes percentage in combination with SOFA score for predicting 28-day mortality was higher than that of each parameter alone (AUC = 0.867, P < 0.001). Using a cut-off of 58.5% (for MO1/monocytes determined by ROC) could discriminate between survivors and non-survivors on Kaplan-Meier curves for 28-day mortality with a positive predictive value of 77.4%. CONCLUSION: The MO3/monocyte percentage and plasma MCP-1 level were independent predictors of sepsis occurrence, whereas the percentage of MO1/monocytes was an independent predictor of prognosis in the Chinese Han older adult population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registration number: ChiCTR2200061490, date of registration: 2022-6-26 (retrospectively registered).


Assuntos
Sepse , Choque Séptico , Humanos , Idoso , Monócitos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Citocinas
3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723060

RESUMO

A mild metal-free C-N bond activation strategy for the direct conversion of inert tertiary amines with acyl chlorides into tertiary amides via organic photoredox catalysis is presented. In this protocol, a novel organic photocatalyst (Cz-NI-Ph) that showed excellent catalytic performance during C-N bond cleavage is developed. Moreover, this reaction features green and mild conditions, broad substrate scope, and readily available raw materials.

4.
Chemosphere ; 317: 137857, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642131

RESUMO

In this work, Fe-based metal-organic frameworks (Fe-MOFs) are prepared by a simple solvothermal method, in which acetic acid/N, N-dimethylformamide (HAc/DMF) mixture solvents are employed to regulate the particle morphology, exposed facets and ligand defects. At HAc/DMF = 0/50, 5/45 and 8/42 (volume ratio), the irregular particles (MIL-53(Fe)), elongated icosahedrons (5H-MIL-101(Fe)) and icosahedrons (8H-MIL-101(Fe)) are obtained, respectively. Under visible light irradiation (λ > 420 nm) and the addition of sodium persulfate (PS), 5H-MIL-101(Fe) shows the highest degradation activity for tetracycline (TC). Specifically, 80% of TC has been removed by 5H-MIL-101(Fe) within 25 min, and the degradation kinetics rate is 3.03 times higher than that over MIL-53(Fe). The improvement of catalytic activity is mainly attributed to the active facets exposed and ligand defects of 5H-MIL-101(Fe). Density functional theory (DFT) calculation further confirms that the active facets exposed and ligand defects of 5H-MIL-101(Fe) favor the adsorption and activation of PS, benefiting the generation of •SO4-. Besides, a probable degradation pathway of TC is proposed based on trapping experiments and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) test. Furthermore, the toxicities of intermediates are predicted by the quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) mathematical model. This work demonstrates that visible light enhanced PS activation (Vis-PSA) can more effectively degrade organic pollutants, and this work also provides a simple strategy to precisely regulate ligand defects and actively exposed facets of Fe-MOFs to enhance the adsorption and activation of PS.

5.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 115: 109716, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652759

RESUMO

Sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC) is the main complication and a leading cause of death in intensive care units. S100a8/a9 is a calcium-binding protein that participates in various inflammatory diseases; however, its role in sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy and the underlying mechanism remains to be explored. Here, septic cardiomyopathy was induced with cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in S100a9-knockout (KO) mice lacking the heterodimer S100a8/a9 or wild-type (WT) mice administered with an S100a9-specific inhibitor Paquinimod (Paq), which prevents the binding of S100a9 toTLR4. Our results showed that S100a8/a9 expression in the heart peaked 24 h following the CLP operation, declined at 48 h and returned to baseline at 72 h. Loss of S100a9 by knockout in mice protected against CLP-induced mortality, cardiac dysfunction, myocyte apoptosis, recruitment of Mac-2+ macrophages, superoxide production, and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines genes compared with WT mice. Moreover, S100a9-KO significantly attenuated CLP-induced activation of the ERK1/2-Drp1 (S616) pathway, excessive mitochondrial fission, and mitochondrial respiration dysfunction. In contrast, activation of ERK1/2 with its agonist tBHQ reversed the inhibitory effects of S100a9-knockout on CLP-induced cardiomyopathy and mitochondrial dysfunction. Finally, administration of Paq to WT mice markedly prevented the CLP-induced cardiomyopathy mitochondrial fission and dysfunction compared with vehicle control. In summary, our data reveal, for the first time, that S100a8/a9 plays a critical role in mediating SIC, presumably by activating TLR4-ERK1/2-Drp1-dependent mitochondrial fission and dysfunction and highlight that blockage of S100a8/a9 may be a promising therapeutic strategy to prevent SIC in patients with sepsis.

6.
J Med Chem ; 66(1): 371-383, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36598095

RESUMO

Inadequate bioavailability is one of the most critical reasons for the failure of oral drug development. However, the way that substructures affect bioavailability remains largely unknown. Serotonin transporter (SERT) inhibitors are first-line drugs for major depression disorder, and improving their bioavailability may be able to decrease side-effects by reducing daily dose. Thus, it is an excellent model to probe the relationship between substructures and bioavailability. Here, we proposed the concept of "nonbioavailable substructures", referring to substructures that are unfavorable to bioavailability. A machine learning model was developed to identify nonbioavailable substructures based on their molecular properties and shows the accuracy of 83.5%. A more potent SERT inhibitor DH4 was discovered with a bioavailability of 83.28% in rats by replacing the nonbioavailable substructure of approved drug vilazodone. DH4 exhibits promising anti-depression efficacy in animal experiments. The concept of nonbioavailable substructures may open up a new venue for the improvement of drug bioavailability.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Serotonina , Ratos , Animais , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Serotonina/metabolismo , Disponibilidade Biológica , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Antidepressivos/química , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/tratamento farmacológico
7.
Heart Vessels ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Galectin-3 is a new cytokine that is mainly secreted by activated macrophages. It is involved in apoptosis, inflammation and may play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, there is little information about the association between circulating galectin-3 and subclinical atherosclerosis in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured serum galectin-3 in 483 obese adult subjects (aged 40 years and over) who had the measurement of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) recruited from the community. Adults with lower levels of circulating galectin-3 had increased CIMT (p < 0.05). In multivariable linear regression analyses, circulating galectin-3 was independently associated with CIMT. The risks of increased CIMT were significantly decreased by 65.1% (OR (95% CI): 0.349 (0.165-0.739)), adjusting for possible confounding factors. Notably, individuals in the lowest quartile of serum galectin-3 were 1.80 times (p < 0.05) more likely to have increased CIMT than those in the highest quartile in multivariable logistic regression analyses; however, such associations with circulating galectin-3 were not noted for carotid plague. CONCLUSIONS: These findings propose that circulating galectin-3 concentrations are inversely associated with increased CIMT in obese adults, which may be a potential biomarker of CVD.

8.
Microcirculation ; : e12801, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36715230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the changes in microcirculation and internal environment before sepsis in patients with infectious diseases. METHODS: In this single-center prospective observational study, all patients did not meet the diagnostic criteria of sepsis 3.0 at admission. Blood samples and sublingual microcirculation were collected at admission, 24 h and 48 h after admission. RESULTS: A total of 101 patients completed this study. In total, 46 patients met the diagnostic criteria of sepsis 3.0 within five days after admission, while the remaining 55 patients did not. The platelet (PLT) was significantly lower in the sepsis patients (195.17±63.89 vs. 242.02±68.59, P =0.01), Microvascular Flow Index (MFI) (2.45±0.33 vs. 2.70±0.18, P=0.00) and Proportion of Perfused Vessels (PPV) (92.44±4.45 vs. 95.88±3.20, P =0.00) were significantly lower, while Flow Heterogeneity Index (FHI) (0.32±0.13 vs. 0.22±0.10, P=0.00) was significantly higher in the in the sepsis patients at admission. Decreased levels of MFI (P=0.00, OR 0.02, 95% CI: 0.00, 0.15) and PLT (P = 0.00, OR 0.99, 95% CI: 0.98, 1.00) were independent risk factors for sepsis. Additionally, the 24h PLT change rate (AUC 0.85, Cut off -0.17, sensitivity 0.70, specificity 0.93 Youden index 0.63) suggested a potential early warning effect for sepsis. CONCLUSION: Changes in microcirculation disturbance and the internal environment occurred before sepsis. The MFI and PLT are independent risk factors for sepsis. Sublingual microcirculation and PLT deterioration can be used as early warning indicators before sepsis.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36716122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicated that glucosamine supplements may have a general anti-cancer effect. This study aimed to assess whether the potential effect differs across different types of cancers in a large prospective cohort study. METHODS: All participants from the UK Biobank who were free of cancers and had complete information on glucosamine use at baseline were included and followed up from 2006 until 2021. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the associations between regular glucosamine use and different site-specific cancers. Subgroup analyses were performed to explore potential interactions. Several sensitivity analyses were conducted to assess the robustness of the main findings. RESULTS: A total of 450,207 eligible participants (mean age: 56.2 years; females: 53.3%) were included, of whom 84,895 (18.9%) reported regular glucosamine use at baseline. During a median of 12.5 years follow-up, glucosamine use was significantly associated with an increased risk of overall cancer (HR=1.04, 95% CI: 1.01-1.06), skin cancer (HR=1.11, 95% CI: 1.07-1.15) and prostate cancer (HR=1.07, 95% CI: 1.01-1.13), and with a reduced risk of lung cancer (HR=0.88, 95% CI: 0.79-0.97) after adjusting for potential confounders. Statistical interaction was observed for gender, age and education for the association of glucosamine use with overall cancer risk (all P-interaction <0.027). These results remained unchanged in the sensitivity analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Regular glucosamine use was associated with lower risk of lung cancer but higher risk of skin cancer, prostate cancer and overall cancer. IMPACT: The roles of glucosamine use potentially differ in the development of different site-specific cancers.

10.
Dalton Trans ; 52(3): 652-658, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36537347

RESUMO

A novel water-stable CdII-based metal-organic framework, namely {[Cd(BIBT)(TDC)]·2H2O}n (JXUST-28, BIBT = 4,7-bi(1H-imidazol-1-yl)benzo-[2,1,3]thiadiazole and H2TDC = 2,5-thiophenedicarboxylic acid), was synthesized using a mixed-ligand strategy. Structural analysis demonstrates that JXUST-28 exhibits a two-dimensional layer structure with 4-connected sql topology. Intriguingly, JXUST-28 presents good stability in boiling water (at least 5 days), common organic solvents and aqueous solutions with different pH values of 2-12 (more than 24 hours). Furthermore, fluorescence experiments revealed that JXUST-28 could sense Hg2+ ions in aqueous solution via a quenching effect with a detection limit of 0.097 µM. Meanwhile, JXUST-28 can also be regenerated at least 5 times to detect Hg2+ ions. In addition, light-emitting diode lamps, luminescent films, and test papers of JXUST-28 have been successfully developed for practical applications.

11.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(6): 1321-1324, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453418

RESUMO

In vivo imaging of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury remains an important challenge. We injected porous Ag/Au@SiO2 bimetallic hollow nanoshells carrying anti-tropomyosin 4 as a molecular probe into mice with cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury and observed microvascular changes in the brain using photoacoustic imaging with ultrasonography. At each measured time point, the total photoacoustic signal was significantly higher on the affected side than on the healthy side. Twelve hours after reperfusion, cerebral perfusion on the affected side increased, cerebrovascular injury worsened, and anti-tropomyosin 4 expression increased. Twenty-four hours after reperfusion and later, perfusion on the affected side declined slowly and stabilized after 1 week; brain injury was also alleviated. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations confirmed the brain injury tissue changes. The nanoshell molecular probe carrying anti-tropomyosin 4 has potential for use in early diagnosis of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury and evaluating its progression.

12.
Front Immunol ; 13: 974377, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36458010

RESUMO

Background: Cellular senescence plays an irreplaceable role in tumorigenesis, progression, and tumor microenvironment (TME) remodeling. However, to date, there is limited research delineating the landscape of cellular senescence in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and an improved understanding on the interaction of tumor-associated cellular senescence with HCC prognosis, TME, and response to immunotherapy is warrant. Methods: Tumorigenic and immune infiltration-associated senescence genes were determined by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and the Estimation of STromal and Immune cells in MAlignant Tumor tissues using Expression data (ESTIMATE) algorithm, and subsequently, a prognostic scoring model (named TIS) was constructed using multiple survival analysis algorithms to classify the senescence-related subtypes of HCC. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and gene set variation analysis (GSVA) were conducted to identify the distinct hallmark pathways between high- and low-risk subtypes. Additionally, we carried out correlation analyses for TIS and clinical traits, senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), immune infiltration and evasion, immune checkpoint factors, drug response, and immunotherapeutic efficacy. External experimental validation was conducted to delineate the association of CPEP3 (a TIS gene) with HCC phenotypes through assays of proliferation, colony formation, and invasion. Results: A five-gene TIS, composed of NET1, ATP6V0B, MMP1, GTDC1, and CPEB3, was constructed and validated using TCGA and ICGC datasets, respectively, and showed a highly robust and plausible signature for overall survival (OS) prediction of HCC in both training and validation cohorts. Patients in the TIS-high group were accompanied by worse OS, activation of carcinogenetic pathways, infiltration of immunosuppressive cells, exclusion of effector killing cells, overexpression of immunomodulatory genes and SASP, and unsatisfied response to immunotherapy. In response to anticancer drugs, patients in the TIS-high group exhibited enhanced susceptibility to several conventional chemotherapeutic agents (5-fluorouracil, docetaxel, doxorubicin, gemcitabine, and etoposide), as well as several inhibitors of pathways involved in cellular senescence (cell-cycle inhibitors, bromodomain and extraterminal domain family (BET) inhibitors, PI3K-AKT pathway inhibitors, and multikinase inhibitors). Additionally, four putative drugs (palbociclib, JAK3 inhibitor VI, floxuridine, and lestaurtinib) were identified as potential compounds for patients in the TIS-high group. Notably, in vitro functional validation showed that CPEB3 knockdown boosted the phenotypes of proliferation, clonogenicity, and invasion in HCC cells, whereas CPEB3 overexpression attenuated these phenotypes. Conclusions: Our study provides comprehensive clues demonstrating the role of novel TIS in predicting HCC prognosis, immunotherapeutic response, and candidate drugs. This work highlights the significance of tumorigenesis- and immune infiltration-related cellular senescence in cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Prognóstico , Imunoterapia , Carcinogênese , Fatores Imunológicos , Senescência Celular/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Glicosiltransferases
13.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 1-10, 2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516738

RESUMO

When spontaneous cervical spinal epidural hematoma (SCEH) presents with hemiparesis, it can be misdiagnosed with ischemic stroke (IS), and the treatment of IS such as thrombolysis may deteriorate the symptoms of patients with SCEH, leading to worse sequelae or even death. We reported 3 SCEH patients who were initially suspected as IS in our center between Jun 2020 and April 2022 and analyzed their clinical characteristics together with 48 patients reported in the literature from Jan 1995 to April 2022. Two of the 3 SCEH patients had neck symptoms, while none of them presented cranial nerve symptoms. Cranial computed tomography (CT) scans were negative; however, abnormal signals in the cervical spinal canal were observed during cranial computed tomography angiography (CTA) and subsequent cervical CT confirmed the diagnosis of SCEH. All of them avoid mistreatment with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). Subsequently, we analyzed the clinical characteristics of a total of 51 patients. Thirteen of them developed symptoms during activity. Neck pain was an important sign of SCEH because 35 patients had neck pain or neck discomfort. Sensory impairment was reported in a small proportion of patients (11/51), which varied a lot in the patients. Some special manifestations highly suggested spinal cord lesions and provided evidence for the early differential diagnosis of SCEH and stroke, but the incidence of which was quite low: ipsilateral Horner syndrome in 2 patients, Brown-Séquard syndrome in 2 cases, and Lhermitte's sign in 1 case. Only a minority (8/51) of the patients were correctly diagnosed at the emergency unit using cervical CT. Six patients were correctly diagnosed when performing CTA. A large portion of the cases (21/51) were first misdiagnosed as IS, but no responsible lesions were found on cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and subsequent cervical MRI confirmed the diagnosis. Sixteen patients were diagnosed with SCEH after the deterioration of symptoms. A total of 13 patients received rt-PA, and 10 of them had symptoms aggravation after thrombolysis. For patients with acute onset of hemiparesis but without cranial nerve symptoms, especially those accompanied by clinical features such as neck pain, ipsilateral Horner syndrome, Brown-Séquard syndrome, and Lhermitte's sign, SCEH should be highly suspected rather than stroke. Careful differential diagnosis should be performed with a comprehensive medical history and thorough physical examination. Cervical CT scan is a reasonable choice for quick differential diagnosis prior to administering potentially harmful therapy, especially rt-PA.

14.
J Cancer ; 13(14): 3575-3583, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36484012

RESUMO

Purpose: To study the patterns of lymph node metastasis (LNM) of endometrial cancer (EC) and to clarify the individualized clinical target volume delineations of regional lymph nodes (CTVn). Methods: Data from a total of 556 patients with EC who had undergone total hysterectomy associated with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (TH/BSO) and systematic lymphadenectomy were retrospectively examined. The clinicopathological factors related to LNM were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. Results: LNM was found in 76 of 556 patients, resulting in a metastasis rate of 13.67%. The rates of LNM in patients with fundus and cornua lesions were 7.56% for para-aortic nodes and 14.41% for pelvic lymph nodes. The rates of LNM in patients with sidewall lesions were 3.15% for para-aortic nodes and 10.22% for pelvic lymph nodes. The rates of LNM in patients with lower uterine segment and cervix lesions were 12.50% for para-aortic nodes and 26.67% for pelvic lymph nodes. Deep myometrial invasion, histological type, histological differentiation, and lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) emerged as statistically significant risk factors for pelvic LNM of EC (P = 0.008, 0.015, < 0.001, 0.005, respectively). Grade 3 differentiation had a strong influence on LNM to the para-aortic nodes (P = 0.015). Conclusions: Myometrial invasion, histological type, histological differentiation, and LVSI were related to pelvic LNM and grade 3 was associated with para-aortic LNM. These factors should be considered comprehensively to design the CTVn for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) of EC. For patients with lower uterine segment/cervix and fundus/cornua lesions, delineating the irradiation field of the para-aortic nodal region may confer a benefit.

15.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(23)2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36497204

RESUMO

The accumulation of oxidative DNA base damage can severely disrupt the integrity of the genome and is strongly associated with the development of cancer. DNA glycosylase is the critical enzyme that initiates the base excision repair (BER) pathway, recognizing and excising damaged bases. The Nei endonuclease VIII-like 3 (NEIL3) is an emerging DNA glycosylase essential in maintaining genome stability. With an in-depth study of the structure and function of NEIL3, we found that it has properties related to the process of base damage repair. For example, it not only prefers the base damage of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), G-quadruplex and DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs), but also participates in the maintenance of replication fork stability and telomere integrity. In addition, NEIL3 is strongly associated with the progression of cancers and cardiovascular and neurological diseases, is incredibly significantly overexpressed in cancers, and may become an independent prognostic marker for cancer patients. Interestingly, circNEIL3, a circular RNA of exon-encoded origin by NEIL3, also promotes the development of multiple cancers. In this review, we have summarized the structure and the characteristics of NEIL3 to repair base damage. We have focused on NEIL3 and circNEIL3 in cancer development, progression and prognosis.

16.
Front Neurol ; 13: 1065163, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36504662

RESUMO

Being a major component of the midbrain locomotion region, the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) is known to have various connections with the basal ganglia, the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and motor regions of the brainstem and spinal cord. Functionally, the PPN is associated with muscle tone control and locomotion modulation, including motor initiation, rhythm and speed. In addition to its motor functions, the PPN also contribute to level of arousal, attention, memory and learning. Recent studies have revealed neuropathologic deficits in the PPN in both patients and animal models of dystonia, and deep brain stimulation of the PPN also showed alleviation of axial dystonia in patients of Parkinson's disease. These findings indicate that the PPN might play an important role in the development of dystonia. Moreover, with increasing preclinical evidences showed presence of dystonia-like behaviors, muscle tone changes, impaired cognitive functions and sleep following lesion or neuromodulation of the PPN, it is assumed that the pathological changes of the PPN might contribute to both motor and non-motor manifestations of dystonia. In this review, we aim to summarize the involvement of the PPN in dystonia based on the current preclinical and clinical evidences. Moreover, potential mechanisms for its contributions to the manifestation of dystonia is also discussed base on the dystonia-related basal ganglia-cerebello-thalamo-cortical circuit, providing fundamental insight into the targeting of the PPN for the treatment of dystonia in the future.

17.
J Cell Physiol ; 2022 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36548450

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the effects of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) SND1-IT1 on human microglia (HMC3 cells) delivered by intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-derived exosomes (ICH-exos) as well as a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network. Exosomes obtained from ICH plasma were characterized by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and western blot. RNA sequencing was performed to study the lncRNA transcriptome from ICH-exos and the healthy control-derived exosomes (HC-exos) and differentially expressed lncRNAs (DE-lncRNAs) were identified. HMC3 cells were treated with ICH-exos or transfected with pcDNA3.1-SND1-IT1, and then cell viability and apoptosis were measured. The ceRNA network (lncRNA SND1-IT1/miR-124-3p/messenger RNA MTF1) was chosen for further investigation. NTA, TEM, and western blot showed that exosomes were successfully separated and could be absorbed by HMC3 cells. The expression of lncRNA SND1-IT1 in ICH-exos was significantly higher than that of HC-exos (p < 0.05). In addition, lncRNA SND1-IT1 overexpression and ICH-exos significantly inhibited cell viability and enhanced apoptosis. A total of 162 DE-lncRNAs were identified by sequencing, and a ceRNA network was constructed. The dual-luciferase reporter gene indicated that lncRNA SND1-IT1, miR-124-3p, and MTF1 interacted with each other. Cell experiments showed that lncRNA SND1-IT1 affected the growth of HMC3 cells through miR-124-3p/MTF1. In conclusion, ICH-exos delivered lncRNA SND1-IT1 to HMC3 cells, and exosomal lncRNA SND1-IT1 can regulate cell viability and apoptosis to influence HMC3 cell growth via the SND1-IT1/miR-124-3p/MTF1 axis.

18.
Mol Cancer Res ; 2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36534728

RESUMO

Brain metastases are one of the main reasons for lung cancer-related deaths but lack prediction methods. Many patients with brain metastases do not benefit from immunotherapy. A comprehensive genomic analysis of matched primary tumors (PTs) and their brain metastasis (BM) lesions may provide new insight into the evolutionary and immune characteristics. To describe evolutionary features and immune characteristic differences, we analyzed whole-exome sequencing (WES) data for 28 paired PT and BM samples from 14 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. In addition, we used another 26 matched PT and BM samples as a validation cohort. We found that total mutational signatures were relatively consistent between paired primary and brain metastatic tumors. Nevertheless, the shared mutations of the two lesions were fewer than the mutations present in each of the lesions alone. In the process of brain metastasis, driver genes undergo evolutionary branches. Typical driver genes, including EGFR and TP53, appear relatively conserved throughout evolution; however, specific signals are enriched in brain metastasis lesions. We found several main characteristics of lung cancer brain metastases that were different from primary lung cancer, such as genomic instability, novel driver genes, tumor mutational burden (TMB), and brain metastasis lesion private neoantigens. In addition, the estimated timing of dissemination showed that brain metastases might occur early in lung cancer. Implications: Mechanistic insight from this study provides new insight into the biology of the metastatic brain process and a new beneficial approach for preventing and treating lung cancer brain metastases.

19.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(35): 13044-13051, 2022 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36568994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whipple's disease is a rare systemic infection caused by Tropheryma whipplei. Most patients present with nonspecific symptoms, and routine laboratory and imaging examination results also lack specificity. The diagnosis often relies on invasive manipulation, pathological examination, and molecular techniques. These difficulties in diagnosing Whipple's disease often result in misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatments. CASE SUMMARY: This paper reports on the case of a 58-year-old male patient who complained of fatigue and decreased exercise capacity. The results of routine blood tests indicated hypochromic microcytic anemia. Results of gastroscopy and capsule endoscopy showed multiple polypoid bulges distributed in the duodenal and proximal jejunum. A diagnosis of small intestinal adenomatosis was initially considered; hence, the Whipple procedure, a pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy, was performed. Pathological manifestations showed many periodic acid-Schiff-positive macrophages aggregated in the intestinal mucosa of the duodenum, upper jejunum, and surrounding lymph nodes. Based on comprehensive analysis of symptoms, laboratory findings, and pathological manifestations, the patient was finally diagnosed with Whipple's disease. After receiving 1 mo of antibiotic treatment, the fatigue and anemia were significantly improved. CONCLUSION: This case presented with atypical gastrointestinal manifestations and small intestinal polypoid bulges, which provided new insight on the diagnosis of Whipple's disease.

20.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(12)2022 11 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36553496

RESUMO

Paeonia suffruticosa Andr., a member of Paeoniaceae, is native to China. In its 1600 years' cultivation, more than 2000 cultivars for different purposes (ornamental, medicinal and oil use) have been inbred. However, there are still some controversies regarding the provenance of tree peony cultivars and the phylogenetic relationships between and within different cultivar groups. In this study, plastid genome sequencing was performed on 10 representative tree peony cultivars corresponding to 10 different flower types. Structure and comparative analyses of the plastid genomes showed that the total lengths of the chloroplast genome of the 10 cultivars ranged from 152,153 to 152,385 bp and encoded 84-88 protein-coding genes, 8 rRNAs and 31-40 tRNAs. The number of simple sequence repeats and interspersed repeat sequences of the 10 cultivars ranged from 65-68 and 40-42, respectively. Plastid phylogenetic relationships of Paeonia species/cultivars were reconstructed incorporating data from our newly sequenced plastid genomes and 15 published species, and results showed that subsect. Vaginatae was the closest relative to the central plains cultivar group with robust support, and that it may be involved in the formation of the group. Paeonia ostii was recovered as a successive sister group to this lineage. Additionally, eleven morphological characteristics of flowers were mapped to the phylogenetic skeleton to reconstruct the evolutionary trajectory of flower architecture in Paeoniaceae.


Assuntos
Paeonia , Paeonia/genética , Filogenia , Flores/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Plastídeos/genética
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