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1.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 7866992, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497683

RESUMO

The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is posing a great threat to the global economy and public health security. Together with the acknowledged angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, glucose-regulated protein 78, transferrin receptor, AXL, kidney injury molecule-1, and neuropilin 1 are also identified as potential receptors to mediate SARS-CoV-2 infection. Therefore, how to inhibit or delay the binding of SARS-CoV-2 with the abovementioned receptors is a key step for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. As the third gasotransmitter, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) plays an important role in many physiological and pathophysiological processes. Recently, survivors were reported to have significantly higher H2S levels in COVID-19 patients, and mortality was significantly greater among patients with decreased H2S levels. Considering that the beneficial role of H2S against COVID-19 and COVID-19-induced comorbidities and multiorgan damage has been well-examined and reported in some excellent reviews, this review will discuss the recent findings on the potential receptors of SARS-CoV-2 and how H2S modulates the above receptors, in turn blocking SARS-CoV-2 entry into host cells.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Especificidade de Órgãos/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(13): 17302-17315, 2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226298

RESUMO

The molecular mechanism of bone metastasis in breast cancer is largely unknown. Herein, we aimed to identify the key genes and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) related to the bone metastasis of breast cancer using a bioinformatics approach. We screened differentially expressed genes and lncRNAs between normal breast and breast cancer bone metastasis samples using the GSE66206 dataset from the Gene Expression Omnibus. We also constructed a differentially expressed lncRNA-mRNA interaction network and analyzed the node degrees to identify the driving genes. After finding potential pathogenic modules of breast cancer bone metastasis, we identified breast cancer bone metastasis-related modules and functional enrichment analysis of the genes and lncRNAs in the modules. Based on the above analysis, we constructed a differentially expressed lncRNA-mRNA network related to bone metastasis in breast cancer and identified core driver genes, including BNIP3 and the lncRNA RP11-317-J19.1. The role of core driver genes and lncRNAs in the network implies their biological functions in regulating bone development and remodeling. Thus, targeting the core driver genes and lncRNAs in the network may be a promising therapeutic strategy to manage bone metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Biologia Computacional , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Genes Neoplásicos/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Desenvolvimento Ósseo/genética , Remodelação Óssea/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética
3.
Cell Prolif ; 54(8): e13088, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Breast cancer-amplified sequence 3 (BCAS3) was initially found to be amplified in human breast cancer (BRCA); however, there has been little consensus on the functions of BCAS3 in breast tumours. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed BCAS3 expression in BRCA using bio-information tools. Affinity purification and mass spectrometry were employed to identify BCAS3-associated proteins. GST pull-down and ubiquitination assays were performed to analyse the interaction mechanism between BCAS3/p53 and CUL4A-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase (CRL4A) complex. BCAS3 was knocked down individually or in combination with p53 in MCF-7 cells to further explore the biological functions of the BCAS3/p53 axis. The clinical values of BCAS3 for BRCA progression were evaluated via semiquantitative immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis and Cox regression. RESULTS: We reported that the expression level of BCAS3 in BRCA was higher than that in adjacent normal tissues. High BCAS3 expression promoted growth, inhibited apoptosis and conferred chemoresistance in breast cancer cells. Mechanistically, BCAS3 overexpression fostered BRCA cell growth by interacting with the CRL4A complex and promoting ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of p53. Furthermore, BCAS3 could regulate cell growth, apoptosis and chemoresistance through a p53-mediated mechanism. Clinically, BCAS3 overexpression was significantly correlated with a malignant phenotype. Moreover, higher expression of BCAS3 correlates with shorter overall survival (OS) in BRCA. CONCLUSIONS: The functional characterization of BCAS3 offers new insights into the oncogenic properties and chemotherapy resistance in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas Culina/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Prognóstico , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação
4.
Cell Death Differ ; 28(9): 2818-2836, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953349

RESUMO

The biological function of PRMT5 remains poorly understood in cervical cancer metastasis. Here, we report that PRMT5 physically associates with the transcription factor Snail and the NuRD(MTA1) complex to form a transcriptional-repressive complex that catalyzes the symmetrical histone dimethylation and deacetylation. This study shows that the Snail/PRMT5/NuRD(MTA1) complex targets genes, such as TET1 and E-cadherin, which are critical for epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). This complex also affects the conversion of 5mC to 5hmC. This study demonstrates that the Snail/PRMT5/NuRD(MTA1) complex promotes the invasion and metastasis of cervical cancer in vitro and in vivo. This study also shows that PRMT5 expression is upregulated in cervical cancer and various human cancers, and the PRMT5 inhibitor EPZ015666 suppresses EMT and the invasion potential of cervical cancer cells by disinhibiting the expression of TET1 and increasing 5hmC, suggesting that PRMT5 is a potential target for cancer therapy.

5.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 8841575, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33747351

RESUMO

The present study was performed to investigate whether H2S could restore the diurnal variation in cardiac function of aging mice and explore the potential mechanisms. We found that ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) in 3-month-old mice exhibited diurnal variations over a 24-hour period. However, the diurnal variations were disrupted in 18-month-old mice, and there was a decline in EF and FS. In addition, the plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were increased, and H2S concentrations and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were decreased in 18-month-old mice. Then, CSE KO mice were used to determine if there was a relationship between endogenous H2S and diurnal variations in EF and FS. There was no difference in 12-hour averaged EF and FS between dark and light periods in CSE KO mice accompanying increased MDA levels and decreased SOD activities in plasma, indicating that deficiency of endogenous H2S blunted diurnal variations of cardiac function. To determine whether oxidative stress disrupted the diurnal variations in cardiac function, D-galactose-induced subacute aging mice were employed. After 3-month D-gal treatment, both 12-hour averaged EF and FS in dark or light periods were decreased; meanwhile, there was no difference in 12-hour averaged EF and FS between dark and light periods. After 3-month NaHS treatment in the D-gal group, the plasma MDA levels were decreased and SOD activities were increased. The EF and FS were lower during the 12-hour light period than those during the 12-hour dark period which was fit to sine curves in the D-gal+NaHS group. Identical findings were also observed in 18-month-old mice. In conclusion, our studies revealed that the disrupted diurnal variation in cardiac function was associated with increased oxidative stress and decreased H2S levels in aging mice. H2S could restore the diurnal variation in cardiac function of aging mice by reducing oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Ritmo Circadiano/efeitos dos fármacos , Coração/fisiopatologia , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Animais , Cistationina gama-Liase/metabolismo , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Função Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Malondialdeído/sangue , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Analyst ; 146(8): 2712-2717, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33688885

RESUMO

In this study, a novel colorimetric aptasensor was developed for the rapid detection and visual screening of HPV16 L1 proteins using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and an RNA aptamer against HPV16 L1 protein (APTHPV16 L1). The AuNP-APTHPV16 L1 conjugates could be aggregated by the addition of a salt in the presence of HPV16 L1 proteins at the ppb level. At the same time, the surface plasma resonance absorption peaks of AuNPs shifted to a short wavelength, and an observable change in color from red to blue occurred. The relative absorbance (Ablank - Asample/Ablank) at 520 nm exhibited a stable response to HPV16 L1 proteins over a concentration range from 9.6 to 201.6 ng mL-1. The visual detection limit of HPV16 L1 proteins was found to be 9.6 ng mL-1. Finally, the proposed colorimetric aptasensor was successfully applied for the rapid and effective detection of HPV16 L1 proteins in clinical samples and vaccine samples. The validity and reliability of the proposed colorimetric aptasensor were verified by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. The proposed colorimetric aptasensor provided a promising indicator for screening and quantitative detection of HPV16 L1 proteins in clinical samples.


Assuntos
Alphapapillomavirus , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Proteínas do Capsídeo , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais , Colorimetria , Ouro , Papillomavirus Humano 16 , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Amino Acids ; 53(3): 417-427, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609179

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate whether inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) mediated the ameliorative effect of apelin on acute heart failure (AHF). Rabbit model of AHF was induced by sodium pentobarbital. Cardiac dysfunction and injury were detected in the rabbit models of AHF, including impaired hemodynamic parameters and increased levels of CK-MB and cTnI. Apelin treatment dramatically improved cardiac impairment caused by AHF. ERS, indexed by increased GRP78, CHOP, and cleaved-caspase12 protein levels, was simultaneously attenuated by apelin. Apelin also could ameliorate increased protein levels of cleaved-caspase3 and Bax, and improved decreased protein levels of Bcl-2. Two common ERS stimulators, tunicamycin (Tm) and dithiothreitol (DTT) blocked the ameliorative effect of apelin on AHF. Phosphorylated Akt levels increased after apelin treatment in the rabbit models of AHF. The Akt signaling inhibitors wortmannin and LY294002 could block the cardioprotective effect of apelin, which could be relieved by ERS inhibitor 4-phenyl butyric acid (4-PBA). The aforementioned beneficial effects of apelin could all be blocked by APJ receptor antagonist F13A. 4-PBA and SC79, an Akt activator, can restore the ameliorative effect of apelin on AHF blocked by F13A. Apelin treatment dramatically ameliorated cardiac impairment caused by AHF, which might be mediated by APJ/Akt/ERS signaling pathway. These results will shed new light on AHF therapy.

8.
Theranostics ; 11(5): 2058-2076, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33500709

RESUMO

Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are involved in key cellular processes and have been implicated in cancer. As such, compounds that target HDACs or drugs that target epigenetic markers may be potential candidates for cancer therapy. This study was therefore aimed to identify a potential epidrug with low toxicity and high efficiency as anti-tumor agents. Methods: We first screened an epigenetic small molecule inhibitor library to screen for an epidrug for breast cancer. The candidate was identified as PCI-24781 and was characterized for half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50), for specificity to breast cancer cells, and for effects on carcinogenesis and metastatic properties of breast cancer cell lines in vitro. A series of in silico and in vitro analyses were further performed of PCI-24781 to identify and understand its target. Results: Screening of an epigenetic inhibitor library in MDA-MB-231 cells, a malignant cancer cell line, showed that PCI-24781 is a potential anti-tumor drug specific to breast cancer. Ca2+ related pathways were identified as a potential target of PCI-24781. Further analyses showed that PCI-24781 inhibited Gαq-PLCß3-mediated calcium signaling by activating the expression of regulator of G-protein signaling 2 (RGS2) to reduce cell proliferation, metastasis, and differentiation, resulting in cell death in breast cancer. In addition, RGS2 depletion reversed anti-tumor effect and inhibition of calcium influx induced by PCI-24781 treatment in breast cancer cells. Conclusions: We have demonstrated that PCI-24781 is an effective anti-tumor therapeutic agent that targets calcium signaling by activating RGS2. This study also provides a novel perspective into the use of HDAC inhibitors for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Cálcio/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Ácidos Hidroxâmicos/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
9.
J Invest Dermatol ; 141(2): 334-344, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32682910

RESUMO

Chemotherapy-induced hair loss (alopecia) (CIA) remains a major unsolved problem in clinical oncology. CIA is often considered to be a consequence of the antimitotic and apoptosis-promoting properties of chemotherapy drugs acting on rapidly proliferating hair matrix keratinocytes. Here, we show that in a mouse model of CIA, the downregulation of Shh signaling in the hair matrix is a critical early event. Inhibition of Shh signaling recapitulated key morphological and functional features of CIA, whereas recombinant Shh protein partially rescued hair loss. Phosphoproteomics analysis revealed that activation of the MAPK pathway is a key upstream event, which can be further manipulated to rescue CIA. Finally, in organ-cultured human scalp hair follicles as well as in patients undergoing chemotherapy, reduced expression of SHH gene correlates with chemotherapy-induced hair follicle damage or the degree of CIA, respectively. Our work revealed that Shh signaling is an evolutionarily conserved key target in CIA pathobiology. Specifically targeting the intrafollicular MAPK-Shh axis may provide a promising strategy to manage CIA.

10.
Inflammation ; 44(1): 261-269, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897457

RESUMO

The objective was to investigate the effect of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) on T helper (Th) 17 cells by observing the effects of EEN on colon and serum interleukin (IL)-17A levels in juvenile inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) rat models and to reveal the potential mechanism of the therapeutic effect of EEN on IBD. ATNBS-induced IBD rat model was established. Feeding Peptison, a type of enteric nutrition (EN) for EEN-IBD group and EEN group, normal feed for IBD model group and control group for six consecutive days. Four groups of juvenile rats were sacrificed on day 7. The pathology of the intestinal mucosa was examined, the expression of IL-17A in serum was detected by ELISA, and the expression of IL-17A in intestinal tissue was detected by both western blot and real-time PCR (RT-PCR). Diarrhea, bloody stools, and weight loss were found in both the IBD group and the EEN-IBD group. After 5 days of EEN feeding, the stool characteristics, and blood in the stools of the rats in the EEN-IBD group were significantly relieved compared with those of the IBD group. There was no significant difference in the body mass growth rate between the IBD group and EEN-IBD group (P > 0.05). The growth rate of the EEN group was 51.29 ± 3.61%, which was significantly lower than that of the control group (60.17 ± 9.32%) with P < 0.05. The disease activity index (DAI) score of the EEN-IBD group was significantly lower than that of the IBD group (P < 0.05). In the IBD group, colonic congestion and edema were obvious, scattered ulcers were observed, and the intestinal mucosa had a large amount of inflammatory cell infiltration. In the EEN-IBD group, the intestinal mucosa was slightly congested and a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltrated. The serum IL-17A expression level in the IBD group was significantly higher than in the EEN-IBD group, control group, and EEN group (P < 0.05). Both the gene and protein expressions of IL-17A in the intestinal tissue of the EEN-IBD group were significantly lower than in the IBD group (P < 0.01), and it was significantly higher in the IBD group than in the control and EEN groups (P < 0.01). EEN effectively reduced the intestinal inflammation in the juvenile rats with IBD. The mechanism could be related to the regulation of Th17 cells and the expression of the corresponding cytokine, IL-17A. EEN may play a role in downregulating the expression of IL-17A in the intestinal mucosa.

11.
J Mol Cell Cardiol ; 152: 17-28, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279504

RESUMO

AIMS: Apelin is the endogenous ligand of G protein-coupled receptor APJ and play an important role in the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis. We aimed to investigate whether apelin ameliorates vascular calcification (VC) by inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS). METHODS AND RESULTS: VC model in rats was induced by nicotine plus vitamin D, while calcification of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) was induced by beta-glycerophosphate. Alizarin Red S staining showed dramatic calcium deposition in the aorta of rats with VC, while calcium contents and ALP activity also increased in calcified aorta. Protein levels of apelin and APJ were decreased in the calcified aorta. In rats with VC, apelin treatment significantly ameliorated aortic calcification, compliance and stimulation of ERS. The ameliorative effect of apelin on VC and ERS was also observed in calcified VSMCs. ERS stimulator (tunicamycin or DTT) blocked the beneficial effect of apelin. Apelin treatment activated the PI3K/Akt signaling, blockage of which by wortmannin or inhibitor IV prevented the ameliorative effect of apelin, while ERS inhibitor 4-PBA rescued the blockade effect of wortmannin. Akt-induced GSK inhibition prevented the phosphorylation of PERK and IRE1, and the activation of these two major ERS branches. F13A blocked the ameliorative effect of apelin on VC and ERS, which was reversed by treatment with 4-PBA or Akt activator SC79 CONCLUSIONS: Apelin ameliorated VC by binding to APJ and then prevented ERS activation by stimulating Akt signaling. These results might provide new target for therapy and prevention of VC.

12.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; 40(5): 882-894, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233951

RESUMO

Exogenous and endogenous formaldehyde (FA) both play an important role in cell growth and migration; however, their potential role in osteoblasts remains largely unclear. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and wound-healing assays revealed that FA exposure at naturally occurring concentrations inhibited the proliferation and migration of mouse preosteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells. Moreover, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis revealed that FoxO1 signaling pathway components displayed distinct expression patterns upon FA exposure, reflected through significant enrichment of cell migration. In particular, FoxO1-, Sirt1-, and FA-induced protein expression, which was closely associated with cell proliferation and migration, was confirmed by western blotting. The results obtained indicated that the FoxO1 pathway is involved in FA-induced inhibition of cell growth and migration.

13.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(2): 2519-2538, 2020 12 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318294

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-associated mortality in women worldwide and has become a major public health problem. Although the definitive cause of breast cancer is not known, many genes sensitive to breast cancer have been detected using advanced technologies. Our study identified 3301 differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs between tumor and normal samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Based on the gene expression analysis and clinical traits as well as weighted gene co-expression network analysis, the co-expression Brown module was found to be key for breast cancer prognosis. A total of 453 genes in the Brown module were used for functional enrichment, protein-protein interaction analysis, lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA ceRNA network, and lncRNA-RNA binding protein-mRNA network construction. GRM4, SSTR2, PARD6B, PRR15, COX6C, and lncRNA DSCAM-AS1 were the hub genes according to protein-protein interaction, lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA and lncRNA-RNA binding protein-mRNA network. Their high expression was found to be correlated with breast cancer development, according to multiple databases. In conclusion, this study provides a framework of the co-expression gene modules of breast cancer and identifies several important biomarkers in breast cancer development and prognosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(84): 12781-12784, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966403

RESUMO

Acridine-based 1,2-dioxetane as a thermochemiluminescence (TCL) probe for temperature sensing exhibited an excellent response for temperature in the range of 85-130 °C with favorable sensitivity and good resolution. The proposed TCL probe could be applied to screen thermal conductivity properties of different thermal insulation materials.

16.
Sci Adv ; 6(16): eaaz0356, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32494608

RESUMO

TUDOR domain-containing proteins (TDRDs) are chiefly responsible for recognizing methyl-lysine/arginine residue. However, how TDRD dysregulation contributes to breast tumorigenesis is poorly understood. Here, we report that TUDOR domain-containing PHF20L1 as a H3K27me2 reader exerts transcriptional repression by recruiting polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) and Mi-2/nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex, linking PRC2-mediated methylation and NuRD-mediated deacetylation of H3K27. Furthermore, PHF20L1 was found to serve as a potential MYC and hypoxia-driven oncogene, promoting glycolysis, proliferation, and metastasis of breast cancer cells by directly inhibiting tumor suppressors such as HIC1, KISS1, and BRCA1. PHF20L1 expression was also strongly correlated with higher histologic grades of breast cancer and markedly up-regulated in several cancers. Meanwhile, Phf20l1 deletion not only induces growth retardation and mammary ductal outgrowth delay but also inhibits tumorigenesis in vivo. Our data indicate that PHF20L1 promotes tumorigenesis, supporting the pursuit of PHF20L1 as a target for cancer therapy.

17.
Cancer Cell Int ; 20: 264, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32581654

RESUMO

Background: Stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) is the fifth most prevalent cancer in the world and ranks third among cancer-related deaths worldwide. The tumour microenvironment (TME) plays an important role in tumorigenesis, development, and metastasis. Hence, we calculated the immune and stromal scores to find the potential prognosis-related genes in STAD using bioinformatics analysis. Methods: The ESTIMATE algorithm was used to calculate the immune/stromal scores of the STAD samples. Functional enrichment analysis, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis, and overall survival analysis were then performed on differential genes. And we validated these genes using data from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Finally, we used the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) databases to verify these genes at the protein levels by IHC. Results: Data analysis revealed correlation between stromal/immune scores and the TNM staging system. The top 10 core genes extracted from the PPI network, and primarily involved in immune responses, extracellular matrix, and cell adhesion. There are 31 genes have been validated with poor prognosis and 16 genes were upregulated in tumour tissues compared with normal tissues at the protein level. Conclusions: In summary, we identified genes associated with the tumour microenvironment with prognostic implications in STAD, which may become potential therapeutic markers leading to better clinical outcomes.

18.
Hypertens Res ; 43(8): 765-771, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385485

RESUMO

The present study aimed to reveal the effects of urotensin II (UII) on sympathetic vasomotor tone in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM). UII (0.3, 3, and 30 nmol/L, 50 nL) was microinjected into the RVLM. Blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) were measured to determine the sympathetic vasomotor tone. BP, HR, and RSNA were simultaneously recorded after drugs had been microinjected into the RVLM. Microinjection of UII (0.3, 3, and 30 nmol/L, 50 nL) into the RVLM significantly increased BP, HR, and RSNA. Pretreatment with BIM23127 (300 nmol/L, 50 nL), a potent antagonist of the UII receptor GPR14, abolished the effect of UII. Previous microinjection of PD98059 (25 µmol/L, 50 nL), an inhibitor of ERK, significantly suppressed the effects of UII. Preinjection of an inhibitor of the N-type Ca2+ channel, ω-conotoxin GVIA (50 nmol/L, 50 nL), inhibited the effects of UII. The present study demonstrated that microinjection of UII into the RVLM significantly increased sympathetic vasomotor tone, which was mediated by the GPR14/ERK/N-type Ca2+ channel pathway. UII may become a novel therapeutic target for autonomic nervous system regulation, especially in hypertension.

19.
Amino Acids ; 52(5): 823-829, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388793

RESUMO

The change in plasma apelin level in heart failure (HF) patients is controversial. We investigated the change in plasma apelin level in HF patients versus control and non-HF patients. The plasma level of apelin was measured by ELISA and plasma level of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) by fluorescence immunoassay. We included 101 patients with HF, 32 patients without HF and 20 controls. The three groups did not differ in general and clinical characteristics. Plasma levels of apelin and BNP were both higher in HF patients than non-HF patients and controls. Plasma levels of apelin and BNP were not correlated. Plasma level of BNP was increased with increasing New York Heart Association grade and apelin level was decreased. Apelin level was lower in HF patients with NYHA grade IV than in controls and non-HF patients. Apelin level had 75% diagnostic value for HF, and BNP level had 96.8% diagnostic value. At a cutoff of 6.44 ng/mL apelin level, sensitivity was 69.3%, and specificity 97.1%. However, the diagnostic of apelin for NYHA II patients was higher than that of BNP (99.6% vs. 96.1%). These results suggested that apelin might be particularly useful in association with BNP in mild HF patients.


Assuntos
Apelina/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/classificação , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico
20.
Nanoscale Horiz ; 5(6): 978-985, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314991

RESUMO

A novel carbon dot-based luminescence probe for singlet oxygen (1O2) with a conventional optical detector has been implemented through the specific formation of electronically excited carbonyls from the breakdown of unstable endoperoxide intermediates, and its application in the real-time in vivo monitoring of 1O2 in photodynamic therapy (PDT) is achieved. More attractively, the relationship between the dynamics details of photosensitizer-generated 1O2 and the PDT efficacy has been established through a modified multiple-target survival model, enabling a direct and easy estimate of the surviving fraction of tumor cells from the generation dynamics of 1O2. Both in vitro and in vivo therapy results revealed that the rapid generation dynamics of 1O2 rather than its cumulative amount is responsible for better treatment efficacy in PDT. Overall, the deeper insight into the important roles of the generation dynamics of 1O2 in the PDT efficacy is irreplaceably advantageous in substantially reduced risks from deleterious treatment-related side effects by screening advanced photosensitizers and determining the light exposure end point.


Assuntos
Substâncias Luminescentes/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Pontos Quânticos/química , Oxigênio Singlete/análise , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carbono/química , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Imidazóis/química , Luminescência , Azul de Metileno/uso terapêutico , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Perileno/análogos & derivados , Perileno/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Quinonas/uso terapêutico , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo
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