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J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(14): 5563-5568, 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564599


Recent studies have shown that charge transport interlayers with low gas permeability can increase the operational lifetime of perovskite solar cells serving as a barrier for migration of volatile decomposition products from the photoactive layer. Herein we present a hybrid hole transport layer (HTL) comprised of p-type polytriarylamine (PTAA) polymer and vanadium(V) oxide (VOx). Devices with PTAA/VOx top HTL reach up to 20% efficiency and demonstrate negligible degradation after 4500 h of light soaking, whereas reference cells using PTAA/MoOx as HTL lose ∼50% of their initial efficiency under the same aging conditions. It was shown that the main origin of the enhanced device stability lies in the higher tolerance of VOx toward MAPbI3 compared to the MoOx interlayer, which tends to facilitate perovskite decomposition. Our results demonstrate that the application of PTAA/VOx hybrid HTL enables long-term operational stability of perovskite solar cells, thus bringing them closer to commercial applications.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(16): 19161-19173, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233360


We investigated the impact of a series of hole transport layer (HTL) materials such as Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS), NiOx, poly[bis(4-phenyl)(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)amine (PTAA), and polytriarylamine (PTA) on photostability of thin films and solar cells based on MAPbI3, Cs0.15FA0.85PbI3, Cs0.1MA0.15FA0.75PbI3, Cs0.1MA0.15FA0.75Pb(Br0.15I0.85)3, and Cs0.15FA0.85Pb(Br0.15I0.85)3 complex lead halides. Mixed halide perovskites showed reduced photostability in comparison with similar iodide-only compositions. In particular, we observed light-induced recrystallization of all perovskite films except MAPbI3 with the strongest effects revealed for Br-containing systems. Moreover, halide and ß FAPbI3 phase segregations were also observed mostly in mixed-halide systems. Interestingly, coating perovskite films with the PCBM layer spectacularly suppressed light-induced growth of crystalline domains as well as segregation of Br-rich and I-rich phases or ß FAPbI3. We strongly believe that all three effects are promoted by the light-induced formation of surface defects, which are healed by adjacent PCBM coating. While comparing different hole-transport materials, we found that NiOx and PEDOT:PSS are the least suitable HTLs because of their interfacial (photo)chemical interactions with perovskite absorbers. On the contrary, polyarylamine-type HTLs PTA and PTAA form rather stable interfaces, which makes them the best candidates for durable p-i-n perovskite solar cells. Indeed, multilayered ITO/PTA(A)/MAPbI3/PCBM stacks revealed no aging effects within 1000 h of continuous light soaking and delivered stable and high power conversion efficiencies in solar cells. The obtained results suggest that using polyarylamine-type HTLs and simple single-phase perovskite compositions pave a way for designing stable and efficient perovskite solar cells.