Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 414
Filtrar
1.
Intern Med ; 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35491129

RESUMO

The most common sites of breast cancer metastasis include the lymph nodes, bones, lungs, liver, and brain. Gastrointestinal tract metastasis is rarely seen, and hypopharyngeal metastasis is extremely rare. We herein report a case of late distant recurrence of breast cancer and synchronous metastasis to the hypopharynx, stomach, ileum, bones, and lymph nodes almost 24 years after surgery. To our knowledge, this is the first case of synchronous metastasis to the hypopharynx, gastrointestinal tract, and other organs, especially after a long interval following primary mastectomy.

2.
J Gastroenterol ; 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35554678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This is the first report from a multicenter prospective cohort study of colorectal neuroendocrine tumor (NET), the C-NET STUDY, conducted to assess the long-term outcomes of the enrolled patients. This report aimed to elucidate the clinicopathological features of the enrolled patients and lesions. METHODS: Colorectal NET patients aged 20-74 years were consecutively enrolled and followed up at 50 institutions. The baseline characteristics and clinicopathological findings at enrollment and treatment were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 495 patients with 500 colorectal NETs were included. The median patient age was 54 years, and 85.3% were asymptomatic. The most frequent lesion location was the lower rectum (88.0%); 99.4% of the lesions were clinically diagnosed to be devoid of metastatic findings, and 95.4% were treated with endoscopic resection. Lesions < 10 mm comprised 87.0% of the total, 96.6% had not invaded the muscularis propria, and 92.6% were classified as WHO NET grade 1. Positive lymphovascular involvement was found in 29.2% of the lesions. Its prevalence was high even in small NETs with immunohistochemical/special staining for pathological assessment (26.4% and 40.9% in lesions sized < 5 mm and 5-9 mm, respectively). Among 70 patients who underwent radical surgery primarily or secondarily, 18 showed positive lymph node metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: The characteristics of real-world colorectal NET patients and lesions are elucidated. The high positivity of lymphovascular involvement in small NETs highlights the necessity of assessing the clinical significance of positive lymphovascular involvement based on long-term outcomes, which will be examined in later stages of the C-NET STUDY. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: UMIN000025215.

3.
Intern Med ; 2022 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35431306

RESUMO

Regarding the prognosis of cases with advanced-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a recent clinical study showed that the immune checkpoint inhibitors atezolizumab plus bevacizumab have superior efficacy to sorafenib. However, only a few reports have focused on their effects on extrahepatic metastases. We herein report a case of HCC in a 59-year-old man with intrahepatic lesions treated successfully by hepatic arterial chemoembolization, radiotherapy, and sorafenib; the extrahepatic lesion in the adrenal gland was treated by atezolizumab plus bevacizumab. The patient showed a tumor-free condition for one year. We have summarized the clinical course and reviewed the literature to underscore the efficacy of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab for treating extrahepatic lesions of HCC.

4.
Clin J Gastroenterol ; 2022 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35378714

RESUMO

Primary extra-hepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) is a disease that develops ectopic varices due to portal hypertension and obstruction of the portal vein. Since bleeding from ectopic varices is life-threatening, the management of ectopic varices is important for patients with primary EHPVO. Here, we report a case of duodenal variceal bleeding in a patient with primary EHPVO. A 39-year-old man was diagnosed with F2-shaped duodenal varices (DV) due to primary EHPVO and was first treated with endoscopic variceal ligation for temporary hemostasis. We then performed angiography to understand the detailed hemodynamics and subsequently conducted endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) with a sclerosing agent containing N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate for further hemostasis. After the treatment, dynamic computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasound revealed that the blood flow to the causative DV disappeared, although the DV itself remained. The patient was discharged without any re-bleeding or adverse events. Since treatment for DV due to primary EHPVO differs depending on hemodynamics (hepatofugal or hepatopetal blood flow), evaluating detailed hemodynamics for optimal treatment selection is crucial. Although EIS for this patient was not a radical treatment, it was effective in managing acute bleeding from the DV. This case will serve as a reference for successful treatment in future cases.

5.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 28: 342-352, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35474735

RESUMO

This research developed an easy-to-use, reproducible pancreatic cancer animal model utilizing pancreas-targeted hydrodynamic gene delivery to deliver human pancreatic cancer-related genes to the pancreas of wild-type rats. KRAS G12D -induced pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia lesions showed malignant transformation in the main pancreatic duct at 4 weeks and developed acinar-to-ductal metaplasia, which led to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma within 5 weeks, and the gene combination of KRAS G12D and YAP enhanced these effects. The repeat hydrodynamic gene delivery of KRAS G12D  + YAP combination at 4 weeks showed acinar-to-ductal metaplasia in all rats and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in 80% of rats 1 week later. Metastatic tumors in the liver, lymph nodes, and subcutaneous lesions and nervous invasion were confirmed. KRAS G12D and YAP combined transfer contributes to the E- to N-cadherin switch in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells and to tumor metastases. This pancreatic cancer model will speed up pancreatic cancer research for novel treatments and biomarkers for early diagnosis.

6.
Intern Med ; 61(7): 943-949, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35370253

RESUMO

Objective Esophageal diverticulum is rare, and the concomitance of esophageal motility disorders (EMDs) and the efficacy of novel endoscopic treatment have not been investigated in Japan. Methods An examination including high-resolution manometry (HRM) was performed for patients with both EMDs and epiphrenic diverticulum. EMD-related epiphrenic diverticulum and Zenker's diverticulum were treated using salvage peroral endoscopic myotomy (s-POEM) and endoscopic diverticulotomy, respectively. Results Six cases of epiphrenic diverticulum were diagnosed in this study. Among 125 patients with achalasia and spastic disorders, concomitant epiphrenic diverticulum was observed in 4 (3.2%). Of these, three showed a normal lower esophageal sphincter pressure on HRM, although gastroscopy and esophagography revealed typical findings of an impaired lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. These four patients were successfully treated with s-POEM, and the Eckardt score improved from 6.3 to 0.25 at 32.5 (range: 13-56) months of follow-up, with equivalent treatment efficacy to that observed for achalasia and spastic disorders without epiphrenic diverticulum. In contrast, the two remaining cases of epiphrenic diverticulum had normal esophageal motility. Six cases of Zenker's diverticulum were diagnosed, and endoscopic diverticulotomy was successfully performed in all. The dysphagia score decreased from 2.8 to 0.17 at 14.8 (range: 2-36) months of follow-up. Overall, 12 endoscopic treatments were performed for esophageal diverticulum; no adverse events were observed. Conclusion In epiphrenic diverticulum patients, concomitant EMDs are not rare and should be carefully diagnosed. A normal lower esophageal sphincter pressure on HRM does not always mean a normal lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. S-POEM and endoscopic diverticulotomy are effective minimally invasive treatment options for EMD-related epiphrenic diverticulum and Zenker's diverticulum.


Assuntos
Divertículo Esofágico , Acalasia Esofágica , Transtornos da Motilidade Esofágica , Divertículo Esofágico/diagnóstico por imagem , Divertículo Esofágico/cirurgia , Acalasia Esofágica/etiologia , Transtornos da Motilidade Esofágica/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Motilidade Esofágica/cirurgia , Esfíncter Esofágico Inferior , Esofagoscopia/métodos , Humanos
7.
J Neurogastroenterol Motil ; 28(2): 222-230, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35362448

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Patients with achalasia-related esophageal motility disorders (AEMDs) frequently present with dilated and sigmoid esophagus, and develop esophageal diverticulum (ED), although the prevalence and patients characteristics require further elucidation. Methods: We conducted a multicenter cohort study of 3707 patients with AEMDs from 14 facilities in Japan. Esophagography on 3682 patients were analyzed. Results: Straight (n = 2798), sigmoid (n = 684), and advanced sigmoid esophagus (n = 200) were diagnosed. Multivariate analysis revealed that long disease duration, advanced age, obesity, and type I achalasia correlate positively, whereas severe symptoms and integrated relaxation pressure correlate negatively with development of sigmoid esophagus. In contrast, Grade II dilation (3.5-6.0 cm) was the most common (52.9%), while grade III dilation (≥ 6 cm) was rare (5.0%). We found early onset, male, obesity, and type I achalasia correlated positively, while advanced age correlated negatively with esophageal dilation. Dilated and sigmoid esophagus were found mostly in types I and II achalasia, but typically not found in spastic disorders. The prevalence of ED was low (n = 63, 1.7%), and non-dilated esophagus and advanced age correlated with ED development. Patients with right-sided ED (n = 35) had a long disease duration (P = 0.005) with low integrated relaxation pressure values (P = 0.008) compared with patients with left-sided ED (n = 22). Patients with multiple EDs (n = 6) had lower symptom severity than patients with a single ED (P = 0.022). Conclusions: The etiologies of dilated esophagus, sigmoid esophagus, and ED are considered multifactorial and different. Early diagnosis and optimal treatment of AEMDs are necessary to prevent these conditions.

8.
DEN open ; 2(1): e14, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35310712

RESUMO

A 64-year-old woman was receiving oral methotrexate (MTX) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for 15 years. She underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy because of discomfort in the chest. Endoscopic findings revealed an ulcer in the lower esophagus extending to the gastroesophageal junction (EGJ). The ulcer occupied half of the esophageal lumen and had a sharp and clear margin. Magnifying narrow-band imaging endoscopy revealed the deposition of white plaque, and there were few microvessels in the edge and bottom of the ulcer. Histologic examination of the biopsy specimens from the oral edge of the lesion revealed proliferation of atypical lymphoid cells (immunophenotype results: CD20 [+], CD3 [partially +], CD5 [-], and BCL-2 [-]]. The patient was diagnosed with methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (MTX-LPD) and was advised to stop MTX intake. After 2 months of stopping MTX, the ulcer was found to be almost regressed and showed signs of healing. MTX-LPD in the lower esophagus extending to the EGJ is extremely rare. This case can help in expanding the understanding of esophageal MTX-LPD.

9.
DEN open ; 2(1): e63, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35310733

RESUMO

Objectives: Diversion colitis (DC) is an inflammatory disorder caused by interruption of the fecal stream and subsequent nutrient deficiency from luminal bacteria. The utility of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for DC was recently investigated; however, the precise pathogenesis of this condition remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of autologous FMT in DC and to determine the related changes in the intestinal microbiota. Methods: Autologous FMT was performed to reestablish the intestinal microbiota in five patients (average age, 64.6 ± 8.3 years) with DC. They underwent double-ended colostomy. We assessed the diverted colon by endoscopy and evaluated the microbiota before and after FMT using the 16S rRNA gene sequencing method. Results: All five patients had mild inflammation (ulcerative colitis endoscopic index of severity [UCEIS] 2-3) in the diverted colon based on the colonoscopic findings. Three patients presented with symptoms, such as tenesmus, mucoid stool, and bloody stool. With FMT treatment, all patients achieved endoscopic remission (UCEIS score of 0 or 1) and symptomatic improvement. We observed a significantly decreased α-diversity in DC patients compared to healthy controls. The frequency of aerobic bacteria, such as Enterobacteriaceae, in the diverted colon decreased after autologous FMT. Conclusions: This study was the first to show that the microbiota in the diverted colon was significantly affected by autologous FMT. Since interruption of the fecal stream is central to the development of DC, FMT can be considered a promising treatment.

10.
J Clin Med ; 11(6)2022 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35329897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rifaximin is commonly used for hepatic encephalopathy (HE). However, the effects of long-term treatment for Japanese people are limited. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effects and safety of long-term treatment with rifaximin on HE. METHODS: A total of 215 patients with cirrhosis administered with rifaximin developed overt or covert HE, which was diagnosed by an attending physician for >12 months. Laboratory data were extracted at pretreatment and 3, 6, and 12 months after rifaximin administration. The long-term effect of rifaximin was evaluated, and the incidence of overt HE during 12 months and adverse events was extracted. RESULTS: Ammonia levels were significantly improved after 3 months of rifaximin administration and were continued until 12 months. There were no serious adverse events after rifaximin administration. The number of overt HE incidents was 9, 14, and 27 patients within 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Liver enzymes, renal function, and electrolytes did not change after rifaximin administration. Prothrombin activity is a significant risk factor for the occurrence of overt HE. The serum albumin, prothrombin activity, and albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) scores were statistically improved after 3 and 6 months of rifaximin administration. Moreover, the same results were obtained in patients with Child-Pugh C. CONCLUSIONS: The long-term rifaximin treatment was effective and safe for patients with HE, including Child-Pugh C.

11.
Inflamm Regen ; 42(1): 3, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35101153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ONO-1301 is a novel long-lasting prostaglandin (PG) I2 mimetic with inhibitory activity on thromboxane (TX) A2 synthase. This drug can also induce endogenous prostaglandin (PG)I2 and PGE2 levels. Furthermore, ONO-1301 acts as a cytokine inducer and can initiate tissue repair in a variety of diseases, such as pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary fibrosis, cardiac infarction, and obstructive nephropathy. In this study, our aim was to evaluate the effect of ONO-1301 on liver inflammation and fibrosis in a mouse model of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). METHODS: The therapeutic effects of ONO-1301 against liver damage, fibrosis, and occurrence of liver tumors were evaluated using melanocortin 4 receptor-deficient (Mc4r-KO) NASH model mice. The effects of ONO-1301 against macrophages, hepatic stellate cells, and endothelial cells were also evaluated in vitro. RESULTS: ONO-1301 ameliorated liver damage and fibrosis progression, was effective regardless of NASH status, and suppressed the occurrence of liver tumors in Mc4r-KO NASH model mice. In the in vitro study, ONO-1301 suppressed LPS-induced inflammatory responses in cultured macrophages, suppressed hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation, upregulated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in HSCs, and upregulated hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and VEGF expression in endothelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study highlight the potential of ONO-1301 to reverse the progression and prevent the occurrence of liver tumors in NASH using in vivo and in vitro models. ONO-1301 is a multidirectional drug that can play a key role in various pathways and can be further analyzed for use as a new drug candidate against NASH.

12.
J Clin Med ; 11(3)2022 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35160302

RESUMO

Cyclin D1 binding protein 1 (CCNDBP1) is considered a tumor suppressor, and when expressed in tumor cells, CCNDBP1 can contribute to the viability of cancer cells by rescuing these cells from chemotherapy-induced DNA damage. Therefore, this study focused on investigating the function of CCNDBP1, which is directly related to the survival of cancer cells by escaping DNA damage and chemoresistance. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and tissues obtained from Ccndbp1 knockout mice were used for the in vitro and in vivo examination of the molecular mechanisms of CCNDBP1 associated with the recovery of cells from DNA damage. Subsequently, gene and protein expression changes associated with the upregulation, downregulation, and irradiation of CCNDBP1 were assessed. The overexpression of CCNDBP1 in HCC cells stimulated cell growth and showed resistance to X-ray-induced DNA damage. Gene expression analysis of CCNDBP1-overexpressed cells and Ccndbp1 knockout mice revealed that Ccndbp1 activated the Atm-Chk2 pathway through the inhibition of Ezh2 expression, accounting for resistance to DNA damage. Our study demonstrated that by inhibiting EZH2, CCNDBP1 contributed to the activation of the ATM-CHK2 pathway to alleviate DNA damage, leading to chemoresistance.

13.
Biomed Res ; 43(1): 11-22, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35173112

RESUMO

The epithelial basal lamina of the small intestine has numerous fenestrations for intraepithelial migration of leukocytes. We have reported dynamic changes of fenestrations in dietary conditions. To investigate this phenomenon, we performed statistical analyses using scanning electron microscopy images of the epithelial basal lamina of rat intestinal villi after removal of the villous epithelium by osmium maceration. We examined structural changes in the number and size of fenestrations in the rat jejunum and ileum under fasted and fed states for 24 h. Our findings revealed that, in the jejunum, the number of free cells migrating into the epithelium through fenestrations increased from 2 h after feeding, resulting in an increase in the fenestration size of intestinal villi; the number of free cells then tended to decrease at 6 h after feeding, and the fenestration size also gradually decreased. By contrast, the increase in the fenestration size by feeding was not statistically significant in the ileum. These findings indicate that the number of migrating cells increases in the upper part of the small intestine under dietary conditions, which may influence the absorption efficiency of nutrients including lipids, as well as the induction of nutrient-induced inflammation.


Assuntos
Mucosa Intestinal , Intestino Delgado , Animais , Membrana Basal , Dieta , Epitélio , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Ratos
14.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0263464, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35113969

RESUMO

Due to the developments in the treatment for hepatitis, it is possible to prevent the progression of liver fibrosis and improve patients' prognosis even if it has already led to liver cirrhosis (LC). Consequently, a two-step study was conducted. To begin with, a retrospective study was conducted to identify the potential predictors of non-malignancy-related mortality from LC. Then, we prospectively analyzed the validity of these parameters as well as their association with patients' quality of life. In the retrospective study, 89 cases were included, and the multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that age (P = 0.012), model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score (P = 0.012), and annual rate of change of the albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score (P < 0.001) were significantly associated with LC prognosis. In the prospective study, 70 patients were included, and the patients were divided into cirrhosis progression and non-progression groups. The univariate logistic regression analysis indicated the serum procollagen type III N-terminal peptide level (P = 0.040) and MELD score (P = 0.010) were significantly associated with the annual rate of change of the ALBI score. Furthermore, the mean Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire score worsened from 5.3 to 4.9 in the cirrhosis progression group (P = 0.034). In conclusion, a longitudinal increase in the ALBI score is closely associated with non-malignancy-related mortality and quality of life.


Assuntos
Albuminas/análise , Bilirrubina/análise , Cirrose Hepática/fisiopatologia , Cirrose Hepática/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Pró-Colágeno/sangue , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Regressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 596: 76-82, 2022 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35121372

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a disease entity with an increasing incidence, with involvement of several metabolic pathways. Various organs, including the liver, kidneys, and the vasculature, are damaged in NASH, indicating the urgent need to develop a standard therapy. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the effects of drugs targeting various metabolic pathways and their combinations on a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced NASH medaka model. METHODS: To investigate the effects of drugs on vascular structures, the NASH animal model was developed using the fli::GFP transgenic medaka fed with HFD at 20 mg/fish daily. The physiological changes, histological changes in the liver, vascular structures in the fin, and serum biochemical markers were evaluated in a time-dependent manner after treatment with selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α modulator (pemafibrate), statin (pitavastatin), sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (tofogliflozin), and their combinations. Furthermore, to determine the mechanisms underlying the effects, whole transcriptome sequencing was conducted using medaka liver samples. RESULTS: Histological analyses revealed significant suppression of fat accumulation and fibrotic changes in the liver after treatment with drugs and their combinations. The expression levels of steatosis- and fibrosis-related genes were modified by the treatments. Moreover, the HFD-induced vascular damages in the fin exhibited milder changes after treatment with the drugs. CONCLUSION: The effects of treating various metabolic pathways on the medaka body, liver, and vascular structures of the NASH medaka model were evidenced. Moreover, to our knowledge, this study is the first to report whole genome sequence and gene expression evaluation of medaka livers, which could be helpful in clarifying the molecular mechanisms of drugs.


Assuntos
Nadadeiras de Animais/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/farmacologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Oryzias/genética , PPAR alfa/genética , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/farmacologia , Nadadeiras de Animais/irrigação sanguínea , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Compostos Benzidrílicos/farmacologia , Benzoxazóis/farmacologia , Butiratos/farmacologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ontologia Genética , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Oryzias/metabolismo , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcriptoma/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma/métodos
16.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0264459, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35213654

RESUMO

Overt hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is one of the complications of liver cirrhosis (LC), which negatively affects the prognosis and quality of life of patients. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is significantly associated with LC and its complications, including HE. We investigated the relationship between SIBO and LC, and the difference between hydrogen-producing and methane-producing SIBO (H-SIBO and M-SIBO, respectively). This is a prospective cohort study of 107 cases. Breath measurements of hydrogen and methane concentrations were performed for the diagnosis of SIBO. The study cohort included 81 males with a median age of 70 (40-86) years, and SIBO was detected in 31 cases (29.0%). There were no significant differences between the SIBO positive and SIBO negative groups. Reclassification into H-SIBO (16 cases) and others (91 cases) was performed, and the Child-Pugh score was only derived in the multivariate logistic analysis (P = 0.028, odds ratio 1.39, 95% confidence interval 1.04-1.85). Furthermore, H-SIBO was significantly associated with covert HE in chi-square test (50.0% vs. 24.2%, P = 0.034). In addition, we evaluated the therapeutic response on SIBO of rifaximin in eight covert HE patients. 20% patients with M-SIBO and 67% patients with H-SIBO showed an improvement of the breath test. In conclusion, H-SIBO, but not M-SIBO, is significantly associated with liver function, and rifaximin might be more effective for covert HE with H-SIBO. Therefore, the diagnosis of SIBO, including the classification as H-SIBO and M-SIBO, might help to determine the choice of treatment for HE.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Encefalopatia Hepática , Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Intestino Delgado , Fígado/metabolismo , Rifaximina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Testes Respiratórios , Feminino , Encefalopatia Hepática/diagnóstico , Encefalopatia Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Encefalopatia Hepática/metabolismo , Encefalopatia Hepática/microbiologia , Humanos , Intestino Delgado/metabolismo , Intestino Delgado/microbiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2022: 1631415, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35186806

RESUMO

The incidence of gastric tube carcinoma (GTC) after esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma has increased in recent years. Surgical removal of the reconstructed gastric tube is associated with high mortality, and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a promising alternative. There are limited reports of ESD for GTC. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of ESD in GTC. This single-center retrospective study examined patients who underwent ESD for GTC after esophagectomy at our institution between 2003 and 2018. The curability of GTC with ESD was evaluated histologically according to the Japanese Gastric Cancer Treatment Guidelines. Patient characteristics and procedural and long-term outcomes were analyzed. Overall, 31 patients (29 men and 2 women; median age, 73 years) with 45 GTC lesions underwent ESD. The mean period between primary esophagectomy and the diagnosis of GTC was 10.6 years. Bleeding during ESD was noted in two patients (6.5%). No other adverse or fatal events such as perforation were noted. Complete resection and curative resection were documented in 80.6% and 48.4% of cases, respectively. The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 67.6% and 47.7%, respectively. The 3-year and 5-year disease-specific survival rates were 100% and 92.9%, respectively. One patient died of GTC, and fourteen patients died of other diseases, including primary carcinoma in five cases. ESD was safe and provided good long-term outcomes in patients with GTC. Regular long-term gastroscopy is required for the early detection of GTC. Patients with GTC after esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma have a high risk of other primary carcinomas or comorbidities after ESD.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Carcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma/cirurgia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Clin Med ; 11(2)2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35054079

RESUMO

Deep learning is a subset of machine learning that can be employed to accurately predict biological transitions. Eliminating hepatitis B surface antigens (HBsAgs) is the final therapeutic endpoint for chronic hepatitis B. Reliable predictors of the disappearance or reduction in HBsAg levels have not been established. Accurate predictions are vital to successful treatment, and corresponding efforts are ongoing worldwide. Therefore, this study aimed to identify an optimal deep learning model to predict the changes in HBsAg levels in daily clinical practice for inactive carrier patients. We identified patients whose HBsAg levels were evaluated over 10 years. The results of routine liver biochemical function tests, including serum HBsAg levels for 1, 2, 5, and 10 years, and biometric information were obtained. Data of 90 patients were included for adaptive training. The predictive models were built based on algorithms set up by SONY Neural Network Console, and their accuracy was compared using statistical analysis. Multiple regression analysis revealed a mean absolute percentage error of 58%, and deep learning revealed a mean absolute percentage error of 15%; thus, deep learning is an accurate predictive discriminant tool. This study demonstrated the potential of deep learning algorithms to predict clinical outcomes.

19.
J Gastroenterol ; 57(2): 120-132, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35059853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy enables a high rate of sustained virologic response (SVR) in patients with hepatitis C virus associated cirrhosis. However, the impact of DAA therapy on liver-related events in patients with cirrhosis is unclear. METHODS: A total of 350 patients with compensated and decompensated cirrhosis administered DAA therapy at 29 Japanese hospitals were enrolled (Child-Pugh class A [CP-A]: 195 patients, CP-B: 131 patients and CP-C: 24 patients). RESULTS: The SVR rates of patients with CP-A, CP-B and CP-C were 96.9%, 93.1% and 83.3%, respectively (p = 0.006). Seventy patients developed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and male sex, previous HCC treatment, platelet counts < 10.0 × 104/µl, alpha-fetoprotein levels ≥ 5.0 ng/ml and CP-C were identified as significant factors in the multivariate analysis. The cumulative HCC occurrence/recurrence rates at 1 year were 6.6%/45.2%. The cumulative rate of decompensated cirrhotic events requiring hospital admission at 1 year was 9.1%. In the multivariate analysis, CP-B and CP-C were identified as significant factors. During the median observation period of 14.9 months, 13 patients died and one patient received liver transplant. The overall survival rates at 1 year were 98.4% in patients with CP-A, 96.4% in those with CP-B and 85.6% in those with CP-C (CP-A vs. CP-B: p = 0.759, CP-A vs. CP-C: p = 0.001 and CP-B vs. CP-C: p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: HCC development and mortality in patients with CP-B were not different from those with CP-A. On the other hand, in patients with CP-C, the development of HCC and decompensated cirrhotic events requiring hospital admission, and death were frequent. TRIAL REGISTRATION: University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN000036150).


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite C Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Resposta Viral Sustentada
20.
Clin J Gastroenterol ; 15(2): 381-387, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35064919

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal duplications are congenital malformations that are usually observed in pediatric patients. Diagnosis in adulthood is quite rare, and preoperative diagnosis of gastrointestinal duplication is difficult, particularly in the small intestine. We encountered an extremely rare adult case of duplication of the jejunum, which showed a stomach-like form diagnosed using double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE). The patient was an 18-year-old male who had been experiencing upper abdominal pain and vomiting repeatedly without any triggers for 3 years. Various examinations were performed, but no cause of symptoms was found. DBE revealed a narrow opening of the lumen at the upper jejunum, and the lumen was covered with mucosal folds similar to those of the stomach. Enteroclysis via DBE showed a tubular structure on the mesenteric side of the jejunum. We diagnosed a jejunal tubular duplication with ectopic gastric mucosa and underwent partial small bowel resection. The patient's abdominal symptoms resolved. From this, DBE can be a useful tool for diagnosing intestinal duplication in adults. We believe that this case and literature review will facilitate the accurate and prompt diagnosis of small intestinal duplication.


Assuntos
Enteroscopia de Duplo Balão , Enteropatias , Adolescente , Adulto , Biópsia , Criança , Humanos , Enteropatias/cirurgia , Intestino Delgado/cirurgia , Jejuno/cirurgia , Masculino
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...