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Clin Exp Nephrol ; 24(10): 963-970, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594374


BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is one of the vascular complications after allograft biopsy, and their reported incidence rates range widely. Transcatheter embolization (TE) is a common AVF treatment in kidney allografts. However, information on AVF incidence and features and TE outcomes in Japanese kidney transplant (KT) recipients is lacking. METHODS: This study investigated 270 protocol or clinically indicated kidney allograft biopsies in 129 KT recipients during 2010-2016 at a single-center using standardized methods (16-gauge needle and ultrasound guidance). We recorded the incidence and clinical features of AVF using currently recommended standardized methods of allograft biopsy and TE outcomes regarding allograft function up to 12 months after the procedure in Japanese KT recipients. RESULTS: AVF incidence was 2.6% (seven cases). The time from biopsy to AVF diagnosis was 7 (median, interquartile range: 5-117, range: 1-318) days. The time from biopsy to AVF diagnosis was significantly shorter in symptomatic cases (gross hematuria) than in asymptomatic cases (median 6 vs. 117 days, p = 0.034). Symptomatic patients underwent TE within a shorter time (0-6 days) than asymptomatic patients (25-104 days). There were no complications, and allograft function was stable up to 12 months after TE despite using contrast media and partial renal infarction. CONCLUSIONS: AVF does occur in certain probabilities. AVF formation can occur without apparent bleeding and exist for a long time after allograft biopsy. TE is a safe and immediate treatment for AVF in kidney allograft.

Intern Med ; 59(1): 93-99, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902910


Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is an extremely rare condition caused by an excessive activation of the complement pathway based on genetic or acquired dysfunctions in complement regulation, leading to thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). A complement-amplifying condition (CAC) can trigger aHUS occurrence along with complement abnormality. We herein report a case of severe TMA after laparoscopic myomectomy in a healthy woman. This case was eventually diagnosed as complement-mediated TMA secondary to surgical invasive stress as a CAC, with no definitive diagnosis of aHUS despite a genetic test. The patient fully recovered after several eculizumab administrations.

Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/complicações , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/tratamento farmacológico , Miomectomia Uterina/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Inativadores do Complemento/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Raras , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/diagnóstico , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/etiologia
Intern Med ; 56(18): 2541, 2017 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28824081
Intern Med ; 56(5): 481-485, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28250291


Objective The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (KDOQI) guidelines have recommended the use of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) at the initiation of dialysis. However, there are significant differences in the dialysis environments of Japan and the United States, and there are few people who receive hemodialysis via a central venous catheter (CVC) in Japan. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between the type of vascular access at the initiation of dialysis and the incidence of mortality in Japan. Methods This study was a prospective, multicenter, cohort study. The data was collected by the Aichi Cohort study of Prognosis in Patients newly initiated into dialysis (AICOPP) in which 18 Japanese tertiary care centers participated. The present study enrolled 1,524 patients who were newly introduced to dialysis (the patients started maintenance dialysis between October 2011 and September 2013). After excluding 183 patients with missing data, 1,341 patients were enrolled. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate mortality based on the type of vascular access. The types of vascular access were divided into four categories: AVF, arteriovenous graft (AVG), CVC changed to AVF during the course (CAVF), CVC changed to AVG during the course (CAVG). Results A multivariate analysis revealed that AVG, CAVF and CAVG were associated with a higher risk of mortality in comparison to AVF [hazard ratio (HR), 1.60; p=0.048; HR, 2.26; p=0.003; and HR, 2.45; p=0.001, respectively]. Conclusion The research proved that the survival rate among patients in whom hemodialysis was initiated with AVF was significantly higher than that in patients in whom hemodialysis was initiated with AVG or CVC.

Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/métodos , Falência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Diálise Renal/mortalidade , Idoso , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/métodos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Diálise Renal/métodos