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1.
Kardiologiia ; 61(7): 22-27, 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Russo, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397338

RESUMO

Aim      Improvement of quality of life is one of the most important goals for the treatment of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This study searched for ways to increase the efficiency of CHF treatment based on parameters of quality of life in CHF patients during and after the treatment with exogenous phosphocreatine (EP).Material and methods  The effect of a single course of EP treatment on quality of life of patients with functional class (FC) II-IV CHF with reduced or mid-range left ventricular ejection fraction was studied as a part of the all-Russia prospective observational study BYHEART. The presence of FC II-IV CHF and a left ventricular ejection fraction <50 % were confirmed by results of 6-min walk test (6MWT) and findings of echocardiography after stabilization of the background therapy.Results An interim data analysis showed that the course of EP treatment was associated with a significant improvement of quality-of-life indexes as determined by the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (LHFQ) total score. These indexes significantly increased and remained at a satisfactory level for 6 mos. following completion of the treatment course. Also, the treatment significantly beneficially influenced the clinical condition of patients (heart failure severity scale), results of 6MWT, and the increase in left ventricular ejection fraction.Conclusion      The conclusions based on results of the interim analysis should be confirmed by results of the completed study. Complete results are planned to be published in 2022.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Qualidade de Vida , Doença Crônica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Fosfocreatina , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
2.
Kardiologiia ; 61(6): 41-51, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Russo, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311687

RESUMO

Aim      To study features of diagnosis and treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Russian hospitals, results of the treatment, and early and late outcomes (6 and 12 months after AMI diagnosis); to evaluate the consistence of the treatment with clinical guidelines; and to evaluate patients' compliance with the treatment.Material and methods  The program was designed for 3 years, including 24 months for recruitment of patients to the study. The study will include 10, 000 patients hospitalized with a confirmed diagnosis (I21 according to ICD-10) of ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (MI) (STEMI) or non-ST segment elevation MI (NSTEMI) based on criteria of the European Society of Cardiology Guidelines on Forth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction (2018). The follow-up period was divided into three stages: observation during the stay in the hospital and at 6 and 12 months following inclusion into the registry. The primary endpoint included cardiac death, nonfatal MI during the hospitalization and after one-year follow-up. Secondary endpoints were 6-months and one-year incidence of repeated MI, heart failure, ischemic stroke, clinically significant hemorrhage, unscheduled revascularization after discharge from the hospital, and the proportion of patients who continue on statins, antiplatelet drugs, and drugs of other groups for 6 months and 1 year.Results The inclusion of patients into the registry started in 2020 and will continue for 24 months. By the time of the article publication (June, 2021), more than 2,000 patients will be included.Conclusion      REGION-MI (Russian rEGIstry Of acute myocardial iNfarction) is a multicenter, retrospective and prospective observational cohort study that excludes any interference with the clinical practice. Results of the registry will help to analyze a real picture of medical care provided to patients with myocardial infarction and to schedule ways to improve the situation.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Ter Arkh ; 92(4): 37-44, 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598696

RESUMO

AIM: A study of the clinical and instrumental characteristics and quality of treatment of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) with diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted by using the CHF register method, which is a computer program with remote access, which allows on-line data collection on patients who have been examined and treated in primary care and in hospitals. The study included 8272 patients with CHF IIIV FC (functional class) (New York Heart Association NYHA); among them 62% of patients were treated in hospital. RESULTS: The study showed that the frequency of diabetes was 21%. The main causes of CHF in diabetic patients are coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction (in anamnesis) and hypertension. These patients are more often diagnosed with III and IV CHF FC according to (NYHA) and retained LV (left ventricular) ejection fraction. The reduced ejection fraction was observed in 6.8% of cases, and the frequency of the intermediate LV was significantly higher than among patients with CHF and with diabetes and accounted for 18.9%. At patients with CHF with diabetes in comparison with patients with CHF without diabetes, atherosclerosis of the peripheral arteries, stroke (in anamnesis) and chronic kidney disease of stage III and IV were significantly more common. CONCLUSION: Under the treatment, patients with CHF with diabetes have higher levels of SBP (systolic blood pressure), lipids and glucose in the blood plasma, indicating a lack of quality of treatment and, accordingly, the doctors are not optimally performing the clinical guidelines on treating this category of patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
4.
Kardiologiia ; 60(3): 155-160, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375630

RESUMO

Transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR) is a threatening and severe genetic disease characterized by damages to organs and systems caused by a pathological protein transthyretin produced in the liver. Clinical manifestations of this disease vary from injuries of the nervous system to injuries of the cardiovascular system. Prognosis for ATTR-amyloidosis remains unfavorable. The absence of pathognomonic symptoms complicates diagnostics of this disease, which tends to simulate other conditions. At present, medicines exist, which are pathogenetic in the treatment of ATTR-amyloidosis. The article describes a clinical case of ATTR-amyloidosis with primary heart injury complicated with functional class III chronic heart failure during the tafamidis treatment.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares , Benzoxazóis/uso terapêutico , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Pré-Albumina
5.
Kardiologiia ; 57(9): 20-33, 2018 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713503

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the suppression of tumorogenicity 2 (ST2) and copeptin significance for risk stratification of patient (pts) with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) during long-term follow-up compared with traditional risk factors. METHODS: We included in a prospective study 159 pts with ADHF. Blood samples to determine copeptin, sST2, NT-proBNP and hsTnT concentration were collected at admission and at discharge from the hospital. Serial determination of biomarker concentration was performed at 3, 6 and 12 months of follow-up. The combined primary end point of the trial included cardiovascular (CV) death, hospitalization due to HF, episodes of HF deterioration requiring additional intravenous diuretics and CV death with successful resuscitation. RESULTS: During 1-year follow-up (295.3±113.2 days) 56 pts (35.2%) had 78 (49.1%) cardiovascular events. Biomarker concentrations in low risk pts (without CV events) were significantly lower compared with high risk pts (with CV events). Discharge copeptin and NT-proBNP values were comparable for pts risk stratification: AUC=0.727 (95% CI 0.637-0.816), р.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Biomarcadores , Glicopeptídeos , Humanos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Kardiologiia ; (1): 48-58, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28290833

RESUMO

PURPOSE: to evaluate the significance of soluble ST2-receptor (sST2) concentrations in patient (pts) risk stratification in with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) during long-term follow-up period. METHODS: In the prospective single-center study were included 159 pts with ADHF III-IV FC NYHA. Blood samples to determine NT-proBNP, sST2, hsTnT concentration were collected at the admission and at discharge from the hospital, and after 3, 6 and 12 months of follow-up. The combined primary end point of the trial included cardiovascular (CV) death, hospitalization due to HF, episodes of HF deterioration needed additional i/v diuretics and CV death with successful resuscitation. RESULTS: At admission all pts had elevated biomarker concentrations: NT-proBNP - 3615.5 (1578.0; 6289.3)pg/ml, sST2 - 60,49 (41.95; 92.87) ng/ml, hsTnT - 29.95 (21.85; 49.63) pg/ml; and at discharge: NT-proBNP - 2165.5 (982.7; 4221,2) pg/ml (%=-38,27 (-49.7; -24.34)%, p<0.0001), sST2 - 38.43 (24.67; 63.72) ng/ml (%=-30,13 (-42,07; -17,64)%, p<0,0001), and hsTnT - 28,37(21.29; 46.6) pg/ml. During 1-year follow-up 56 pts (35.2 %) had 78 (49.1%) cardiovascular events. Biomarker concentrations in low risk pts (without CV events) were significantly lower compared with high risk pts (who have CV events). At the discharge NT-proBNP and sST2 concentrations had the most predictive capacity relatively the primary end point during 1-year follow-up: AUC=0.727 (95% CI 0.637-0.816), <0,0001, and AUC=0,768 (95% CI 0.682-0.854), <0.0001, respectively. Maximally sST2 values were predictive for 180 days period of follow-up: AUC=0,809 (95% CI 0.726-0.921; <0,0001). Lack of NT-proBNP and sST2 concentrations decrease below 1696 pg/ml and 37.8 ng/ml respectively were associated with the highest risk of CV events (HR 4.41 [95% CI 1.41-9.624], p<0,0001 and HR 6.755 [95% CI 3.026- 15.082], p<0.0001, respectively). Changes of sST2 concentration during the period of pts hospitalization were also prognostically important, AUC=0.696 (0.596-0.796); p<0.0001. And pts with insufficient degree of sST2 concentrations reduction during the period of hospitalization (% <-28,3%) had the worst short-term and long-term prognosis [HR 3.68 (95% CI 2.05-6.64), p<0.0001]. Values of sST2 at the discharge were the most significant independent predictor of CV events in long-term follow-up (=0.519, p<0.0001). 91,8% of pts without CV events in the study had sST2 and NT-proBNP levels below 37.8 ng/ml and 1696 pg/ml respectively after 3, 6 and 12 months of follow-up. CONCLUSION: The values of soluble ST2-receptor over 37.8 ng/ml and NT-proBNP over 1696 pg/ml at the discharge from the hospital reflects the adverse prognosis in patients with ADHF. Serial determination of sST2 and NT-proBNP concentrations after discharge from the hospital indicates the necessity of reduction the levels of these biomarkers below the cut-off values (<37.8ng/mL and <1696pg/ml respectively) in pts with ADHF in long-term follow-up period.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
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