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1.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(29): 2632-2642, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430225

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1) mutations are associated with a favorable prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) when an internal tandem duplication (ITD) in the fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 gene (FLT3) is absent (FLT3-ITDneg) or present with a low allelic ratio (FLT3-ITDlow). The 2017 European LeukemiaNet guidelines assume this is true regardless of accompanying cytogenetic abnormalities. We investigated the validity of this assumption. METHODS: We analyzed associations between karyotype and outcome in intensively treated patients with NPM1mut/FLT3-ITDneg/low AML who were prospectively enrolled in registry databases from nine international study groups or treatment centers. RESULTS: Among 2,426 patients with NPM1mut/FLT3-ITDneg/low AML, 2,000 (82.4%) had a normal and 426 (17.6%) had an abnormal karyotype, including 329 patients (13.6%) with intermediate and 83 patients (3.4%) with adverse-risk chromosomal abnormalities. In patients with NPM1mut/FLT3-ITDneg/low AML, adverse cytogenetics were associated with lower complete remission rates (87.7%, 86.0%, and 66.3% for normal, aberrant intermediate, and adverse karyotype, respectively; P < .001), inferior 5-year overall (52.4%, 44.8%, 19.5%, respectively; P < .001) and event-free survival (40.6%, 36.0%, 18.1%, respectively; P < .001), and a higher 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (43.6%, 44.2%, 51.9%, respectively; P = .0012). These associations remained in multivariable mixed-effects regression analyses adjusted for known clinicopathologic risk factors (P < .001 for all end points). In patients with adverse-risk chromosomal aberrations, we found no significant influence of the NPM1 mutational status on outcome. CONCLUSION: Karyotype abnormalities are significantly associated with outcome in NPM1mut/FLT3-ITDneg/low AML. When adverse-risk cytogenetics are present, patients with NPM1mut share the same unfavorable prognosis as patients with NPM1 wild type and should be classified and treated accordingly. Thus, cytogenetic risk predominates over molecular risk in NPM1mut/FLT3-ITDneg/low AML.

2.
Haematologica ; 2019 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004014

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia with t(6;9)(p22;q34) is a distinct entity accounting for 1-2% of acute myeloid leukemia cases. A substantial proportion of these patients have a concomitant FLT3-ITD. While outcomes are dismal with intensive chemotherapy, limited evidence suggests allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation may improve survival if applied early during first complete remission. We report on a cohort of 178 patients with t(6;9)(p22;q34) within an international, multicenter collaboration. Median age was 46 (range: 16-76) years, acute myeloid leukemia was de novo in 88%, FLT3-ITD was present in 62%, and additional cytogenetic abnormalities in 21%. Complete remission was achieved in 81% (n=144), including 14 patients who received high-dose cytarabine after initial induction failure. With a median follow-up of 5.43 years, estimated overall survival at 5 years was 38% (95%-CI, 31-47%). Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation was performed in 117 (66%) patients, including 89 in first complete remission. Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation in first complete remission was associated with higher 5-year relapse-free and overall survival as compared to consolidation chemotherapy (45% [95%-CI, 35-59%] and 53% [95%-CI, 42-66%], vs. 7% [95%-CI, 3-19%] and 23% [95%-CI, 13-38%]. For patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation, overall survival rates at 5 years did not differ whether performed in first (53% [95%-CI, 42-66%]), or second complete remission (58% [95%-CI, 31-100%]; n=10) or with active disease/relapse (54% [95%-CI, 34-84%]; n=18) (P=0.67). Neither FLT3-ITD nor additional chromosomal abnormalities impacted survival. In conclusion, outcomes of t(6;9)(p22;q34) acute myeloid leukemias are poor with chemotherapy, and can be substantially improved with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation.

3.
Haematologica ; 104(6): 1150-1155, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30573507

RESUMO

Clonal chromosome abnormalities in Philadelphia-negative cells could concern chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated by tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The European LeukemiaNet distinguishes -7/del(7q) abnormalities as a "warning". However, the impact of clonal chromosome abnormalities, and specifically those of -7/del(7q), in Philadelphia-negative cells on clinical outcomes is unclear and based on case-reports showing morphological dysplasia and increased risk of acute myeloid leukemia, suggesting the coexistence of chronic myeloid leukemia and high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome. The aim of this study was to determine whether the impact of -7/del(7q) clonal chromosome abnormalities in Philadelphia-negative cells on the clinical outcome is different from that of other types of abnormalities, and we argue for an underlying associated high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome. Among 102 chronic myeloid leukemia patients with clonal chromosome abnormalities in Philadelphia-negative cells with more than a median of 6 years of follow up, patients with -7/del(7q) more frequently had signs of dysplasia, a lower cumulative incidence of deep molecular response and often needed further treatment lines, with the consequent impact on event-free and progression-free survival. Morphological features of dysplasia are associated with myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia mutations and compromise the optimal response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors, irrespectively of the type of clonal chromosome abnormalities in Philadelphia-negative cells. However, mutation patterns determined by next-generation sequencing could not clearly explain the underlying high-risk disease. We hereby confirm the pejorative prognostic value of -7/del(7q) clonal chromosome abnormalities in Philadelphia-negative cells and suggest that myelodysplastic features constitute a warning signal that response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors may be less than optimal.

4.
Haematologica ; 2018 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30076173

RESUMO

The randomized, phase 3 ALFA-0701 trial showed that a reduced and fractionated dose of gemtuzumab ozogamicin added to standard front-line chemotherapy significantly improves event-free survival in adults with de novo acute myeloid leukemia. Here we report an independent review of event-free survival, final overall survival, and additional safety results from ALFA-0701. Patients (N=271) aged 50-70 years with de novo acute myeloid leukemia were randomized to receive conventional front-line induction chemotherapy (3+7 daunorubicin+cytarabine) with/without gemtuzumab ozogamicin 3 mg/m2 on days 1, 4, and 7 during induction. Patients in remission following induction therapy received 2 courses of consolidation therapy (daunorubicin+cytarabine) with/without gemtuzumab ozogamicin (3 mg/2;/day on day 1) according to their initial randomization. The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed event-free survival. Secondary endpoints included overall survival and safety. A blinded independent review confirmed the investigator-assessed event-free survival results (August 1, 2011; hazard ratio, 0.66 [95% CI, 0.49-0.89]; 2-sided p=0.006), corresponding to a 34% reduction in risk of events in the gemtuzumab ozogamicin versus control arm. Final overall survival (April 30, 2013) favored gemtuzumab ozogamicin but was not significant. No differences were observed between arms in early death rate. The main toxicity associated with gemtuzumab ozogamicin was prolonged thrombocytopenia. Veno-occlusive disease (including after transplant) was observed in 6 patients in the gemtuzumab ozogamicin arm and 2 in the control arm. In conclusion, gemtuzumab ozogamicin added to standard intensive chemotherapy has a favorable benefit/risk ratio. These results expand front-line treatment options for adult patients with previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00927498).

6.
Haematologica ; 103(5): 822-829, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29472349

RESUMO

Assessment of minimal residual disease has emerged as a powerful prognostic factor in acute myeloid leukemia. In this study, we investigated the potential of IDH1/2 mutations as targets for minimal residual disease assessment in acute myeloid leukemia, since these mutations collectively occur in 15-20% of cases of acute myeloid leukemia and now represent druggable targets. We employed droplet digital polymerase chain reaction assays to quantify IDH1R132, IDH2R140, and IDH2R172 mutations on genomic DNA in 322 samples from 103 adult patients with primary IDH1/2 mutant acute myeloid leukemia and enrolled on Acute Leukemia French Association (ALFA) - 0701 or -0702 clinical trials. The median IDH1/2 mutant allele fraction in bone marrow samples was 42.3% (range, 8.2 - 49.9%) at diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia, and below the detection limit of 0.2% (range, <0.2 - 39.3%) in complete remission after induction therapy. In univariate analysis, the presence of a normal karyotype, a NPM1 mutation, and an IDH1/2 mutant allele fraction <0.2% in bone marrow after induction therapy were statistically significant predictors of longer disease-free survival. In multivariate analysis, these three variables remained significantly predictive of disease-free survival. In 7/103 (7%) patients, IDH1/2 mutations persisted at high levels in complete remission, consistent with the presence of an IDH1/2 mutation in pre-leukemic hematopoietic stem cells. Five out of these seven patients subsequently relapsed or progressed toward myelodysplastic syndrome, suggesting that patients carrying the IDH1/2 mutation in a pre-leukemic clone may be at high risk of hematologic evolution.

7.
Oncotarget ; 9(5): 6478-6489, 2018 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29464086

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21) and inv(16), together referred as core binding factor (CBF)-AML, are recognized as unique entities. Both rearrangements share a common pathophysiology, the disruption of the CBF, and a relatively good prognosis. Experiments have demonstrated that CBF rearrangements were insufficient to induce leukemia, implying the existence of cooperating events. To explore these aberrations, we performed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-array in a well-annotated cohort of 198 patients with CBF-AML. Excluding breakpoint-associated lesions, the most frequent events included loss of a sex chromosome (53%), deletions at 9q21 (12%) and 7q36 (9%) in patients with t(8;21) compared with trisomy 22 (13%), trisomy 8 (10%) and 7q36 deletions (12%) in patients with inv(16). SNP-array revealed novel recurrent genetic alterations likely to be involved in CBF-AML leukemogenesis. ZBTB7A mutations (20% of t(8;21)-AML) were shown to be a target of copy-neutral losses of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) at chromosome 19p. FOXP1 focal deletions were identified in 5% of inv(16)-AML while sequence analysis revealed that 2% carried FOXP1 truncating mutations. Finally, CCDC26 disruption was found in both subtypes (4.5% of the whole cohort) and possibly highlighted a new lesion associated with aberrant tyrosine kinase signaling in this particular subtype of leukemia.

8.
Am J Hematol ; 93(3): 375-382, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29194741

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with 17p deletion (17p-) is associated with a lack of response to standard treatment and thus the worst possible clinical outcome. Various chromosomal abnormalities (including unbalanced translocations, deletions, ring chromosomes and isochromosomes) result in the loss of 17p and one copy of the TP53 gene. The objective of the present study was to determine whether the type of chromosomal abnormality leading to 17p- and the additional aberrations influenced the prognosis in a series of 195 patients with 17p-CLL. Loss of 17p resulted primarily from an unbalanced translocation (70%) with several chromosome partners (the most frequent being chromosome 18q), followed by deletion 17p (23%), monosomy 17 (8%), isochromosome 17q [i(17q)] (5%) and a ring chromosome 17 (2%). In a univariate analysis, monosomy 17, a highly complex karyotype (≥5 abnormalities), and 8q24 gain were associated with poor treatment-free survival, and i(17q) (P = .04), unbalanced translocations (P = .03) and 8q24 gain (P = .001) were significantly associated with poor overall survival. In a multivariate analysis, 8q24 gain remained a significant predictor of poor overall survival. We conclude that 17p deletion and 8q24 gain have a synergistic impact on outcome, and so patients with this "double-hit" CLL have a particularly poor prognosis. Systematic, targeting screening for 8q24 gain should therefore be considered in cases of 17p- CLL.

9.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 59(7): 1659-1665, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29179634

RESUMO

Although the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) era has brought great improvement in outcome in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), prognosis of accelerated phase or myeloid blast crisis patients or of de novo Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute myeloid leukemia remains poor. We conducted a retrospective study on patients with advanced phase disease treated with a TKI and azacytidine. Sixteen patients were eligible. Median age was 64.9 years, the median number of previous therapies was 2.5 lines, and median follow-up was 23.1 months. Hematologic response (HR) rate was 81.3%. Median overall survival (OS), event free survival and relapse-free survival (RFS) were 31.5, 23.3, and 32.2 months, respectively. All except one patient were treated as out-patients after the first cycle. Five patients were bridged to allogenic hematopoietic stem cells transplant. The combination of a TKI and azacytidine is a safe and efficient regiment for patients with CML patients in advanced phases.

10.
Blood ; 130(16): 1832-1844, 2017 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28790105

RESUMO

Multiple cytogenetic subgroups have been described in adult Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative B-cell precursor (BCP) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), often comprising small numbers of patients. In this study, we aimed to reassess the prognostic value of cytogenetic abnormalities in a large series of 617 adult patients with Ph-negative BCP-ALL (median age, 38 years), treated in the intensified Group for Research on Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (GRAALL)-2003/2005 trials. Combined data from karyotype, DNA index, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and polymerase chain reaction screening for relevant abnormalities were centrally reviewed and were informative in 542 cases (88%), allowing classification in 10 exclusive primary cytogenetic subgroups and in secondary subgroups, including complex and monosomal karyotypes. Prognostic analyses focused on cumulative incidence of failure (including primary refractoriness and relapse), event-free survival, and overall survival. Only 2 subgroups, namely t(4;11)/KMT2A-AFF1 and 14q32/IGH translocations, displayed a significantly worse outcome in this context, still observed after adjustment for age and after censoring patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) in first remission at SCT time. A worse outcome was also observed in patients with low hypodiploidy/near triploidy, but this was likely related to their higher age and worse tolerance to therapy. The other cytogenetic abnormalities, including complex and monosomal karyotypes, had no prognostic value in these intensive protocols designed for adult patients up to the age of 60 years.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Aberrações Cromossômicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise Citogenética , Feminino , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Mol Cytogenet ; 10: 26, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28680482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our aim was to set the FISH combination of del(17p13), t(4;14), 1q21 gain and del(1p32), four adverse cytogenetic factors rarely evaluated together, and compare our technical thresholds with those defined in the literature. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-three patients with MM at diagnosis were studied using FISH to target 4 unfavorable cytogenetic abnormalities: 17p13 deletion, t(4;14) translocation, 1p32 deletion and 1q21 gain. Technical thresholds were determined for each probe using isolated CD138-expressing PC from patients without MM. RESULTS: The FISH analysis identified abnormalities in 79.0% of patients. Del(17p13) was detected in 15.0% of cases, t(4;14) in 11.5%, 1q21 gain in 37.8% and del(1p32) in 8.7%. Adding 1p32/1q21 FISH probes has enabled us to identify adverse cytogenetic profiles in 39.0% of patients without del(17p13) or t(4;14). Clonal heterogeneity was observed in 51.1% of patients as well as an increase in the number of adverse abnormalities when related clones were greater than or equal to 2 (85.1% against 45.6%). CONCLUSION: FISH allowed detecting accumulation of adverse abnormalities and clonal heterogeneity in MM with a combination of 4 probes. The impacts of these two parameters need to be evaluated, and could be included in future cytogenetic classifications.

12.
J Clin Oncol ; 35(11): 1223-1230, 2017 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28221862

RESUMO

Purpose To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a clofarabine-based combination (CLARA) versus conventional high-dose cytarabine (HDAC) as postremission chemotherapy in younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Patients and Methods Patients age 18 to 59 years old with intermediate- or unfavorable-risk AML in first remission and no identified donor for allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (SCT) were eligible. Two hundred twenty-one patients were randomly assigned to receive three CLARA or three HDAC consolidation cycles. The primary end point was relapse-free survival (RFS). To handle the confounding effect of SCT that could occur in patients with late donor identification, hazard ratios (HRs) of events were adjusted on the time-dependent treatment × SCT interaction term. Results At 2 years, RFS was 58.5% (95% CI, 49% to 67%) in the CLARA arm and 46.5% (95% CI, 37% to 55%) in the HDAC arm. Overall, 110 patients (55 in each arm) received SCT in first remission. On the basis of a multivariable Cox-adjusted treatment × SCT interaction, the HR of CLARA over HDAC before or in absence of SCT was 0.65 (95% CI, 0.43 to 0.98; P = .041). In a sensitivity analysis, when patients who received SCT in first remission were censored at SCT time, 2-year RFS was 53.3% (95% CI, 39% to 66%) in the CLARA arm and 31.0% (95% CI, 19% to 43%) in the HDAC arm (HR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.41 to 0.98; P = .043). Gain in RFS could be related to the lower cumulative incidence of relapse observed in the CLARA arm versus the HDAC arm (33.9% v 46.4% at 2 years, respectively; cause-specific HR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.40 to 0.94; P = .025). CLARA cycles were associated with higher hematologic and nonhematologic toxicity than HDAC cycles. Conclusion These results suggest that CLARA might be considered as a new chemotherapy option in younger patients with AML in first remission.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Nucleotídeos de Adenina/administração & dosagem , Nucleotídeos de Adenina/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Arabinonucleosídeos/administração & dosagem , Arabinonucleosídeos/efeitos adversos , Clofarabina , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Clin Oncol ; 35(2): 185-193, 2017 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28056203

RESUMO

Purpose This study assessed the prognostic impact of postinduction NPM1-mutated ( NPM1m) minimal residual disease (MRD) in young adult patients (age, 18 to 60 years) with acute myeloid leukemia, and addressed the question of whether NPM1m MRD may be used as a predictive factor of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) benefit. Patients and Methods Among 229 patients with NPM1m who were treated in the Acute Leukemia French Association 0702 (ALFA-0702) trial, MRD evaluation was available in 152 patients in first remission. Patients with nonfavorable AML according to the European LeukemiaNet (ELN) classification were eligible for ASCT in first remission. Results After induction therapy, patients who did not achieve a 4-log reduction in NPM1m peripheral blood-MRD (PB-MRD) had a higher cumulative incidence of relapse (subhazard ratio [SHR], 5.83; P < .001) and a shorter overall survival (OS; hazard ratio [HR], 10.99; P < .001). In multivariable analysis, an abnormal karyotype, the presence of FLT3-internal tandem duplication (ITD), and a < 4-log reduction in PB-MRD were significantly associated with a higher relapse incidence and shorter OS. In the subset of patients with FLT3-ITD, only age, white blood cell count, and < 4-log reduction in PB-MRD, but not FLT3-ITD allelic ratio, remained of significant prognostic value. In these patients with nonfavorable AML according to European LeukemiaNet, disease-free survival and OS were significantly improved by ASCT in those with a < 4-log reduction in PB-MRD. This benefit was not observed in those with a > 4-log reduction in PB-MRD, with a significant interaction between ASCT effect and PB-MRD response ( P = .024 and .027 for disease-free survival and OS, respectively). Conclusion Our study supports the strong prognostic significance of early NPM1m PB-MRD, independent of the cytogenetic and molecular context. Moreover, NPM1m PB-MRD may be used as a predictive factor for ASCT indication.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Mutação , Neoplasia Residual/terapia , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Ann Biol Clin (Paris) ; 74(5): 588-595, 2016 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27707673

RESUMO

Cytogenetics of multiple myeloma has evolved in recent years by the emergence of Interphasic fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) performed on sorted plasma cells detecting abnormalities independently of a proliferative and infiltrative index. Cytogenetic analysis plays a major part in the risk stratification of myeloma diagnosis due to prognostic impact of various cytogenetic abnormalities as well as to the association between emerging therapeutic approaches in MM. Thus, practice guidelines now recommend interphasic FISH or alternative molecular technics as the initial analysis for multiple myeloma. The Groupe francophone de cytogénétique hématologique (GFCH) proposes in this issue an update of managing multiple myeloma cytogenetics.


Assuntos
Análise Citogenética/normas , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Análise Citogenética/métodos , França , Hematologia/organização & administração , Hematologia/normas , Hematologia/tendências , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/normas
15.
Ann Biol Clin (Paris) ; 74(5): 535-546, 2016 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27545007

RESUMO

The karyotype is critical for the evaluation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at diagnosis. Cytogenetic abnormalities detected in AML are one of the most powerful independent prognostic factors. It impacts on the choice of treatment in clinical trials. All chromosomes can be targeted, common chromosomal abnormalities are recurrent and may be associated with a cytological well-defined type. In 40% of the cases, the karyotype is normal and must be associated with molecular biology studies that can refine the prognosis. The usefulness of the karyotype is more limited during the follow-up of the patient due to its limited sensitivity, but it is still useful in the clinical management of relapse. Since 2001, the WHO (World Health Organization) classification of hematological malignancies integrates cytogenetic data in the classification of AML. Karyotype is therefore mandatory in the diagnosis of AML.


Assuntos
Análise Citogenética/normas , Hematologia/normas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Análise Citogenética/métodos , Análise Citogenética/tendências , França , Hematologia/organização & administração , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Prognóstico , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/normas
16.
Leuk Res ; 39(12): 1443-7, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26467814

RESUMO

EVI1 overexpression confers poor prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Quantification of EVI1 expression has been mainly assessed by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) based on relative quantification of EVI1-1D splice variant. In this study, we developed a RT-qPCR assay to perform quantification of EVI1 expression covering the different splice variants. A sequence localized in EVI1 exons 14 and 15 was cloned into plasmids that were used to establish RT-qPCR standard curves. Threshold values to define EVI1 overexpression were determined using 17 bone marrow (BM) and 31 peripheral blood (PB) control samples and were set at 1% in BM and 0.5% in PB. Samples from 64 AML patients overexpressing EVI1 included in the ALFA-0701 or -0702 trials were collected at diagnosis and during follow-up (n=152). Median EVI1 expression at AML diagnosis was 23.3% in BM and 3.6% in PB. EVI1 expression levels significantly decreased between diagnostic and post-induction samples, with an average variation from 21.6% to 3.56% in BM and from 4.0% to 0.22% in PB, but did not exceed 1 log10 reduction. Our study demonstrates that the magnitude of reduction in EVI1 expression levels between AML diagnosis and follow-up is not sufficient to allow sensitive detection of minimal residual disease.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/biossíntese , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Fatores de Transcrição/biossíntese , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Células Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/sangue , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Proteína do Locus do Complexo MDS1 e EVI1 , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Proteínas de Neoplasias/sangue , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasia Residual , Proto-Oncogenes/genética , RNA Mensageiro/sangue , RNA Neoplásico/sangue , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fatores de Transcrição/sangue , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Transcrição Genética , Adulto Jovem
18.
Oncotarget ; 5(15): 6280-8, 2014 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25026287

RESUMO

We analysed the prognostic significance of minimal residual disease (MRD) level in adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated in the randomized gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) ALFA-0701 trial. Levels of WT1 and NPM1 gene transcripts were assessed using cDNA-based real-time quantitative PCR in 183 patients with WT1 overexpression and in 77 patients with NMP1 mutation (NPM1mut) at diagnosis. Positive WT1 MRD (defined as > 0.5% in the peripheral blood) after induction and at the end of treatment were both significantly associated with a higher risk of relapse and a shorter overall survival (OS). Positive NPM1mut MRD (defined as > 0.1% in the bone marrow) after induction and at the end of treatment also predicted a higher risk of relapse, but did not influence OS. Interestingly, the achievement of a negative NPM1mut MRD was significantly more frequent in patients treated in the GO arm compared to those treated in control arm (39 % versus 7% (p=0.006) after induction and 91% versus 61% (p=0.028) at the end of treatment). However, GO did not influence WT1 MRD levels. Our study supports the prognostic significance of MRD assessed by WT1 and NPM1mut transcript levels and show that NPM1 MRD is decreased by GO treatment.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas WT1/genética , Idoso , Aminoglicosídeos/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Daunorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Genes do Tumor de Wilms , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Proteínas Nucleares/biossíntese , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento , Proteínas WT1/biossíntese
19.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 53(8): 657-66, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24729385

RESUMO

Deletions of the long arm of chromosome 14 [del(14q)] are rare but recurrently observed in mature B-cell neoplasms, particularly in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). To further characterize this aberration, we studied 81 cases with del(14q): 54 of CLL and 27 of small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), the largest reported series to date. Using karyotype and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), the most frequent additional abnormality was trisomy 12 (tri12), observed in 28/79 (35%) cases, followed by del13q14 (12/79, 15%), delTP53 (11/80, 14%) delATM (5/79, 6%), and del6q21 (3/76, 4%). IGHV genes were unmutated in 41/53 (77%) patients, with a high frequency of IGHV1-69 (21/52, 40%). NOTCH1 gene was mutated in 14/45 (31%) patients. There was no significant difference in cytogenetic and molecular abnormalities between CLL and SLL. Investigations using FISH and SNP-array demonstrated the heterogeneous size of the 14q deletions. However, a group with the same del(14)(q24.1q32.33) was identified in 48% of cases. In this group, tri12 (P = 0.004) and NOTCH1 mutations (P = 0.02) were significantly more frequent than in the other patients. In CLL patients with del(14q), median treatment-free survival (TFS) was 27 months. In conclusion, del(14q) is associated with tri12 and with pejorative prognostic factors: unmutated IGHV genes (with over-representation of the IGHV1-69 repertoire), NOTCH1 mutations, and a short TFS.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 14/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Imunoglobulinas/genética , Região Variável de Imunoglobulina/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Receptor Notch1/genética , Trissomia/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cromossomos Humanos Par 12/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação
20.
Oncotarget ; 5(4): 916-32, 2014 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24659740

RESUMO

We recently showed that the addition of fractionated doses of gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) to standard chemotherapy improves clinical outcome of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. In the present study, we performed mutational analysis of 11 genes (FLT3, NPM1, CEBPA, MLL, WT1, IDH1/2, RUNX1, ASXL1, TET2, DNMT3A), EVI1 overexpression screening, and 6.0 single-nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-A) analysis in diagnostic samples of the 278 AML patients enrolled in the ALFA-0701 trial. In cytogenetically normal (CN) AML (n=146), 38% of the patients had at least 1 SNP-A lesion and 89% of the patients had at least 1 molecular alteration. In multivariate analysis, the independent predictors of higher cumulative incidence of relapse were unfavorable karyotype (P = 0.013) and randomization in the control arm (P = 0.007) in the whole cohort, and MLL partial tandem duplications (P = 0.014) and DNMT3A mutations (P = 0.010) in CN-AML. The independent predictors of shorter overall survival (OS) were unfavorable karyotype (P <0.001) and SNP-A lesion(s) (P = 0.001) in the whole cohort, and SNP-A lesion(s) (P = 0.006), DNMT3A mutations (P = 0.042) and randomization in the control arm (P = 0.043) in CN-AML. Interestingly, CN-AML patients benefited preferentially more from GO treatment as compared to AML patients with abnormal cytogenetics (hazard ratio for death, 0.52 versus 1.14; test for interaction, P = 0.04). Although the interaction test was not statistically significant, the OS benefit associated with GO treatment appeared also more pronounced in FLT3 internal tandem duplication positive than in negative patients.


Assuntos
Aminoglicosídeos/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Mutação , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Citogenética , Feminino , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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