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1.
J Hosp Infect ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthcare personnel are often at high risk of contamination when participating in airway management and other aerosol-generating procedures. AIM: We explored the differences in self-contamination after removal of gown and coverall personal protective equipment (PPE) using an ultraviolet-fluorescent solution. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, controlled crossover trial was set in a third-level university health centre in Buenos Aires, Argentina, during August-October 2020. The study included 60 anaesthesia personnel volunteers, and no participants were excluded from the study. A two-period/two-intervention design was chosen; each intervention comprised audio-guided placement of PPE, full-body spraying of fluorescent solution, audio-guided removal of PPE, and self-contamination assessment through ultraviolet light scanning. The primary outcome was the mean within-participant difference (any traces) between PPE suits. Statistical significance was tested using t-tests for paired data. The allocation ratio was 25/35 (gown followed by coverall/coverall followed by gown). FINDINGS: Self-contamination after removal of coveralls was greater than that after removal of gowns, with a mean within-participant difference of 11.45 traces (95% confidence interval 8.26-14.635; P<0.001). Significant differences were found for the number of self-contaminated body zones, small fluorescent traces, and large fluorescent traces. Removal of a gown was associated with a markedly lower risk of self-contamination. CONCLUSIONS: Quick one-step removal of a gown and gloves may reduce self-contamination in the arm/hand area. Fluorescent solutions can help identify self-contamination and compare outcomes among available PPE suits. Repeated training sessions and enhanced knowledge on self-contamination following removal of PPE are paramount.

2.
Can J Anaesth ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570351

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Takotsubo syndrome is a reversible cardiomyopathy triggered by emotional or physical stressors. Although surgeries could be physical triggers, this has been scantily investigated. We aimed to describe the baseline characteristics, surgical/anesthesia-related triggering events, clinical presentation, and in-hospital outcomes of a cohort of patients diagnosed with perioperative Takotsubo syndrome. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included all consecutive adult patients who were admitted to Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires between 1 June 2008 and 30 November 2017 and diagnosed with Takotsubo syndrome according to the revised criteria of the European Society of Cardiology during hospitalization. RESULTS: We diagnosed 21 patients with perioperative Takotsubo syndrome out of 305,906 patients undergoing procedures with anesthesia care. The median (interquartile range [IQR]) patient age was 75 (55-82) yr, and 16 (76%) were women. The median (IQR) left ventricular ejection fraction was 35 (35-42)% at diagnosis and 55 (46-55)% at discharge. Fifteen patients (71%) required inotropic/vasopressor support; however, this is a controversial treatment considering the physiopathology of the syndrome. Severe complications such as unexplained syncope/cardiac arrest, cardiogenic shock, and ventricular thrombus formation occurred in seven (33%) patients, and two (10%) patients died. These results were compared with 31 patients who experienced non-perioperative Takotsubo syndrome during the same period of time. CONCLUSION: Perioperative Takotsubo syndrome is a reversible cardiomyopathy. Nevertheless, it seems to be associated with severe complications, the need for aggressive treatment, and non-negligible mortality.

3.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To report clinical results after percutaneous cement discoplasty (PCD) in a multicentric case series with a minimum of 2 years of follow-up. METHODS: Between December 2014 and January 2019, 180 patients with low back pain and advanced degeneration were treated with percutaneous discoplasty in 2 centers. The inclusion criteria were as follows: patients 65 years or older, with mechanical low back pain with or without spinal stenosis, who did not respond to conservative management. Patients were divided into 3 groups: group 1: patients without previous spine surgeries who underwent PCD, group 2: patients with previous spine surgeries who underwent PCD, and group 3: patients with/without previous surgery who underwent PCD plus decompression surgery. Clinical and radiological analyses were performed as well as complication and readmission rates. RESULTS: A total of 156 patients (74% female; mean age, 75.8 ± 5.7 years; mean body mass index, 29.9 ± 5.2) were included in our study. Overall preoperative visual analog score (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were 7.8 ± 0.9 and 68.1 ± 9.6, respectively. At 2 years of follow-up, mean VAS improvement was 3.56 (95% confidence interval: 3.92-3.20; P < 0.0001) and mean ODI improvement was 17.18 (95% confidence interval: 19.52-14.85; P < 0.0001), showing a significant and sustained improvement in both scores. In addition, 84% of patients reached both VAS and ODI minimum important clinical difference at the final follow-up. Finally, 5.7% of patients suffered major complications 30 days postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: PCD showed significant improvement of VAS and ODI scores at 2 years of follow-up with relatively low rate of complications.

4.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 81(4): 508-526, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453792

RESUMO

Pandemics pose a major challenge for public health preparedness, requiring a coordinated international response and the development of solid containment plans. Early and accurate identification of high-risk patients in the course of the current COVID-19 pandemic is vital for planning and making proper use of available resources. The purpose of this study was to identify the key variables that account for worse outcomes to create a predictive model that could be used effectively for triage. Through literature review, 44 variables that could be linked to an unfavorable course of COVID-19 disease were obtained, including clinical, laboratory, and X-ray variables. These were used for a 2-round modified Delphi processing with 14 experts to select a final list of variables with the greatest predictive power for the construction of a scoring system, leading to the creation of a new scoring system: the COVID-19 Severity Index. The analysis of the area under the curve for the COVID-19 Severity Index was 0.94 to predict the need for ICU admission in the following 24 hours against 0.80 for NEWS-2. Additionally, the digital medical record of the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires was electronically set for an automatic calculation and constant update of the COVID-19 Severity Index. Specifically designed for the current COVID-19 pandemic, COVID-19 Severity Index could be used as a reliable tool for strategic planning, organization, and administration of resources by easily identifying hospitalized patients with a greater need of intensive care.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Escore de Alerta Precoce , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Triagem
5.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(2): 52-60, jun. 2021. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254374

RESUMO

Introducción: el Índice de Movilidad de De Morton® (en inglés De Morton Mobility Index: DEMMI®) es una escala, válida y fiable para evaluar la movilidad funcional del adulto mayor. Objetivo: validar una versión en español para pacientes hospitalizados en una sala general. Material y métodos: traducción y adaptación transcultural, evaluación de la fiabilidad interobservador y validación de criterio explorando la correlación entre los índices DEMMI y Barthel® al ingreso hospitalario y también entre la percepción subjetiva del cambio en la movilidad por parte del propio paciente y la del puntaje DEMMI, y además evaluando la asociación entre este y el grado de acompañamiento requerido en el egreso hospitalario (n = 87). Su consistencia interna fue evaluada mediante los coeficientes de Kuder y Richardson (KR) y de Cronbach (n = 104). Resultados: la correlación entre los puntajes DEMMI y Barthel fue buena (Spearman's Rho = 0,78: p ≤ 0,0001), mientras que la correlación entre la percepción del paciente respecto del cambio en su movilidad y la variación en el puntaje DEMMI fue moderada (Spearman's Rho = 0,50; p < 0,0001). Quienes fueron dados de alta con alto nivel de acompañamiento habían tenido al ingreso un puntaje DEMMI inferior (28,1; IC 95%, 24,9 a 31,3) al de quienes no lo requirieron (48; 44,4 a 53,0). La consistencia interna fue adecuada (KR = 0,827 y Cronbach = 0,745; Pearson's Rho = 0,7885; p < 0,00001). Conclusión: la consistencia interna y la fiabilidad interobservador de la versión en español del puntaje DEMMI son buenas, mientras que sus cambios tienen buena correlación con los percibidos por los propios pacientes. Consideramos que puede ser usado como un elemento más para estimar al momento del ingreso hospitalario, el grado de acompañamiento que requerirán al ser dados de alta. (AU)


Introduction: the De Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) is a valid and reliable scale to evaluate the functional mobility of the elderly. Aim: validate a Spanish version for hospitalized patients in a general ward. Material and methods: translation and cross-cultural adaptation, evaluation of inter-observer reliability and criterion validation exploring the correlation between DEMMI and Barthel scores at hospital admission and also between the subjective perception of the change in mobility by the patient himself and that of DEMMI score, and also, evaluating the association between DEMMI and the degree of support required at hospital discharge (n = 87). Its internal consistency was evaluated using Kuder-Richardson (KR) and Cronbach (n = 104) coefficients. Results: correlation between DEMMI and Barthel scores was good (Spearman's Rho = 0.78: p < = 0.0001), while correlation between patient's perception of change in mobility and variation in DEMMI score was moderate (Spearman's Rho = 0.50; p < 0.0001). Those discharged with a high level of support had a lower DEMMI score upon admission (28.1; 95% CI 24.9 to 31.3) than those who didn´t require it (48; 44.4 to 53.0). Internal consistency was adequate (KR = 0.827 and Cronbach = 0.745; Pearson's Rho = 0.7885; p < 0.00001). Conclusion: internal consistency and interobserver reliability of the Spanish version of DEMMI score are good, while its changes correlate well with those perceived by the patients themselves. We consider that it can be used as another element to estimate at hospital admission, the degree of support they will require upon discharge. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Alta do Paciente , Tradução , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso Fragilizado , Limitação da Mobilidade , Hospitalização
6.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172432

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The determination of thyroglobulin (Tg) levels by immunoassay is subject to interference by antithyroglobulin antibodies in up to 30% of cases, suggesting a need to find alternative methods for the follow-up of a significant number of thyroid cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: Assess the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of thyroglobulin messenger RNA (Tg-mRNA) levels measured by quantitative Real Time-PCR (qRT-PCR) in the blood of patients followed for differentiated thyroid cancer. METHODS: This is a prospective study of Tg-mRNA levels measured with qRT-PCR. A peripheral blood sample was taken in patients with excellent response (n=69) and with structural incomplete response to treatment (n=23). Results were analysed using the Unity Real-Time program and expressed as fg/µg RNA. A Receiver Operating Characteristic curve was constructed to establish Tg-mRNA cut-off values. RESULTS: Tg-mRNA levels were not significantly different between the group with excellent response [0.10fg/µg RNA (0.08-0.17)] and the group with incomplete structural response [0.133fg/µg RNA (0.07-0.33)] (p<0.06). Test sensitivity was 69.6%, specificity was 59.4%, negative predictive value was 85.4% and positive predictive value was 36.4%. CONCLUSIONS: Our experience shows that this technique could be useful as a rule-out test in selected cases, but its low sensitivity and specificity preclude its usefulness as a first-line test.

7.
World Neurosurg ; 150: e765-e770, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819707

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many efforts are expended to improve health care quality in the surgical treatment of spinal conditions. However, the prevalence of reporting complications in spinal surgeries is highly heterogeneous, which is partially due to the lack of a universal and comprehensive system. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed in 5 international and indexed spine journals from January to December 2020. All clinical studies that had surgical procedures in any spinal region were classified according to level of evidence, study design, category of spinal condition, and primary outcome. The prevalence and quality of complication reporting were evaluated through a checklist. RESULTS: Of 455 articles screened, complications were reported in 64.2% (292 articles). A significant higher prevalence of reports was observed in randomized compared with nonrandomized studies (P < 0.05). In 89 articles, at least 1 classification was used to report complications, with 12 different classification systems employed in the total sample. Timing to record complications was as follows: 47 (16.1%) articles reported complications at 30 days, 31 (10.6%) reported complications at 90 days, and 88 (30.1%) reported complications during all follow-ups. In 126 (43.1%) articles, complications were not mentioned. CONCLUSIONS: Almost one-third of spine surgical studies did not report complications in their results despite reporting clinical outcomes. The evidence quality of the study was directly related with the reporting of complications. A high heterogeneity regarding complication reporting was seen in the literature.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Humanos
8.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 4-8, mar. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177177

RESUMO

Introducción: la osteopatía aborda al paciente de manera global y aplica técnicas de tratamiento manual. Se realizó una evaluación retrospectiva sobre 447 pacientes para conocer los resultados del tratamiento del dolor lumbar y cervical. Material y métodos: fueron incluidos en este estudio 447 pacientes con diagnóstico de lumbalgia y cervicalgia (77,4% de sexo femenino). Los pacientes atendidos ya habían realizado tratamientos convencionales sin haber conseguido resultados satisfactorios. Se evaluó a los pacientes con la escala de valor numérico de dolor (EVN), y los puntajes (scores) de Oswestry (ODI) y el índice de discapacidad de la región cervical (NDI). Los 4 osteópatas intervinientes son profesionales certificados en esta disciplina. Resultados: el 42,8% de los pacientes fueron derivados por el Servicio de Traumatología y el 41,3% por el Servicio de Medicina Familiar. El 34,2% tuvieron diagnóstico de dolor lumbar y al 20,81% se le diagnosticó dolor cervical. Tanto en la valoración del dolor como en los scores utilizados se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la primera y la última sesión. Discusión: en pacientes con diagnóstico de lumbalgia y cervicalgia que no habían obtenido resultados satisfactorios con tratamientos convencionales previos, el tratamiento osteopático derivó en mejoras significativas en todos los parámetros estudiados. (AU)


Introduction: osteopathy addresses the patient globally and applies manual treatment techniques. A retrospective evaluation was carried out on 447 patients to know the results of the treatment of lumbar and cervical pain. Material and methods: 447 patients with a diagnosis of low back pain and cervical pain (77.4% female) were included in this study. The patients already had undergone conventional treatments without having achieved satisfactory results. The patients were evaluated with the numerical value of pain scale (VNS), and Oswestry scores (ODI) and the index of disability of the cervical region (NDI). The 4 intervening osteopaths are certified professionals in this discipline. Results: 42.8% of the patients were referred by the Traumatology Service and 41.3% by the Family Medicine Service. 34.2% had a diagnosis of lumbar pain and 20.8% were diagnosed with neck pain. Statistically significant differences were found between the first and last sessions in both the pain assessment and the scores used. Discussion: in patients with low back pain and neck pain who had not obtained satisfactory results with previous conventional treatments, osteopathic treatment resulted in significant improvements in all the parameters evaluated. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Medicina Osteopática/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Cervicalgia/terapia , Medição da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Manipulação Osteopática/estatística & dados numéricos , Manejo da Dor/métodos
9.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 53(5): 1025-1031, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515350

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Frailty is a multicausal syndrome characterized by a decrease in strength, resistance and physiological function, which makes the individual vulnerable and dependent, and increases his/her mortality. This syndrome is more prevalent among older individuals, and chronic kidney disease patients, particularly those on dialysis. Dialysis dose is currently standardized for hemodialysis (HD) patients regardless of their age and functional status. However, it has been postulated that the dialysis dose required in older patients, especially frail ones, should be lower, since it could increase their degree of frailty. Then, the purpose of this study was to evaluate if there would be a correlation between the dose of Kt/V and the degree of frailty in a population of adult patients on HD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 82 patients on HD in Barranquilla (Colombia) and Lobos (Argentina) was conducted. Socio-demographic and laboratory data, as well as dialysis doses (Kt/V) were recorded and scales of fragility, physical activity, gait and grip strength were applied. Then these data were correlated by a Spearman's correlation and a logistic regression. RESULTS: CFS, social isolation, physical activity, gait speed, and prehensile strength tests were outside the reference ranges in the studied group. No significant correlation was found between dialysis dose and all the above mentioned functional tests. However, a significant and inverse correlation between physical activity and CFS was documented (score - 1.41 (CI - 2.1 to - 0.7). CONCLUSION: No significant correlation was documented between Kt/V value and different parameters of the frailty status, but this status correlated significantly and inversely with physical activity in this group. Frailty status in hemodialysis patients was significantly higher in older individuals, although young individuals were not exempt from it.


Assuntos
Fragilidade/complicações , Diálise Renal/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Correlação de Dados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1247465

RESUMO

Para que una persona sea merecedora de la autoría de una investigación debe haber realizado alguna contribución académica sustancial para que esta pudiera llevarse a cabo y, además, ser capaz de dar cuenta públicamente de la integridad de sus procesos y sus resultados. Este artículo resume: 1) la matriz propuesta por L. W. Roberts para contribuir a definir las autorías durante las etapas iniciales de la investigación, 2) los criterios de autoría del Comité Internacional de Editores de Revistas Médicas para definir quiénes merecen dichos créditos y quiénes no, 3) la taxonomía de 14 roles propuesta por la Declaración CRediT para transparentar las tareas realizadas por cada una de las personas proclamadas autoras de una investigación biomédica y 4) las principales conductas que degradan la transparencia de las autorías


For a person to deserve an investigation authorship he/she must have made some substantial academic contribution so that that research could be carried out and, in addition, must be able to publicly account for the integrity of their processes and their results. This article summarizes: 1) the matrix proposed by Roberts to help defining authorship during the initial stages of the investigation; 2) authorship criteria of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors to define who deserves such credits and who does not; 3) the 14-role taxonomy proposed by the CRediT Declaration to transparent the tasks performed by each of the proclaimed authors of a biomedical research; 4) the main behaviors that degrade the transparency of authorships


Assuntos
Pesquisa , Autoria , Classificação , Pesquisa Biomédica , Pesquisadores
11.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 24(1): e002113, 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179134

RESUMO

Antecedentes. La continuidad del cuidado (CoC) suele describir en qué medida los pacientes ven al mismo profesional a lo largo del tiempo. Constituye un elemento necesario para garantizar la longitudinalidad en la atención, elemento clave dela atención primaria y de la medicina familiar en particular, entendido como el cuidado centrado en la persona a lo largo del tiempo, independientemente del tipo de problema consultado. Esta ha sido vinculada con una serie de beneficios para los pacientes y algunos indicadores duros de utilización de servicios de salud, por ejemplo visitas a la central de emergencias(CE), internaciones hospitalarias y mortalidad. En Argentina y América Latina no habíamos podido identificar estudios que dieran cuenta del nivel local de CoC o de su impacto en la utilización de los servicios de salud. Objetivo. Cuantificar los niveles de CoC de los afiliados de un Seguro de Salud de un Hospital Universitario Privado y describir su asociación con la utilización de servicios de salud, tales como consultas a la CE e internaciones hospitalarias. Métodos. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, de cohorte retrospectiva; realizado sobre la totalidad de afiliados que hubieran realizado al menos dos consultas programadas con un médico de atención primaria entre 2015 y 2016.Las mediciones principales consistieron dos indicadores: el índice del proveedor usual de cuidados y el índice de continuidad del cuidado (UPC y COC, respectivamente, por sus iniciales en inglés) -cuyos valores oscilan entre 0 y 1, y se interpretan como: el paciente siempre fue atendido por diferentes médicos vs siempre por el mismo médico-y el recuento de visitas a la CE e internaciones hospitalarias. Resultados. Fueron identificados 112.062 pacientes con una mediana de edad de 59 (P5-P95;4 a 87) años. Las medianas(P5-P95) de los indicadores de continuidad, UPC y COC, fueron 0,66 (0,25 a 1) y 0,33 (0,04 a 1), respectivamente. Se observó una asociación inversa y estadísticamente significativa entre los indicadores de CoC y la cantidad de visitas a la CE, evidenciada por una razón de incidencia decreciente de consultas contra quintilos crecientes de COC (tomando como referencia el quintilo más bajo de continuidad). Esta asociación no pudo demostrarse para las internaciones. Conclusiones. Los niveles de CoC alcanzados y su impacto en la utilización de servicios de salud reflejan valores semejantes a los de otros estudios publicados fuera de nuestra región y podrían aportar elementos útiles para delinear estrategias tendientes a la mejora de la calidad de la atención médica. (AU)


Background. Continuity of care (CoC) usually describes the extent to which patients see the same professional over time. It is a necessary element to ensure continuity of care, a key element of primary care and family medicine, in particular, understood as person-centred care over time, regardless of the type of problem consulted. It has been linked to a series of benefits for patients as well as to hard indicators of health services utilization (e.g. emergency room [ER] visits, hospitalizations) and mortality. In Argentina and Latin America, we have not been able to identify studies that account for the local level of CoC and its impact. Objective. To quantify the CoC levels among members of a private university hospital's health insurance scheme and to describe its association with the use of health services, such as ER visits and hospitalizations. Methods. Observational, descriptive, retrospective cohort study; conducted on the total number of members who hadmade at least two schedurivled consultations with a primary care physician between 2015 and 2016.The main outcomes were two indicators: the usual provider continuity index and the continuity of care index (UPC and COC, respectively) -both range between 0 and 1, and are interpreted as: the patient was always treated by different doctorsvs. always by the same doctor- and the number of visits to the ER and hospitalizations. Results. A total of 112,062 patients with a median age of 59 (P5-P95, 4 to 87) years were identified. The median (P5-P95) of the continuity indicators, UPC and COC, was 0.66 (0.25 to 1) and 0.33 (0.04 to 1), respectively. A significant inverse association was observed between the CoC indicators and the number of ER visits, evidenced by adecreasing incidence rate of consultations versus increasing quintiles of CoC (taking the lowest quintile of continuity as a reference). This association was not observed for hospitalizations. Conclusions. The levels of CoC reached and their impact on the use of health services reflect similar values to those of other studies published outside our region and could provide useful elements for outlining strategies aimed at improvingthe quality of medical care. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Argentina , Relações Médico-Paciente , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Medicina de Família e Comunidade , Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(6): 649-653, dic. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250287

RESUMO

Resumen La telemedicina es la prestación de servicios de la salud mediante la utilización de tecnologías de la información y la comunicación. Su implementación se realiza a través de sistemas cuya usabilidad es variable. En 2016, Parmant y col., desarrollaron y validaron un cuestionario en inglés que mide su usabilidad y permite evaluar los factores que influyen en la misma. En 2019, tradujimos, adaptamos transculturalmente y publicamos este cuestionario en español. Con el objetivo de transformar el mismo en una herramienta confiable y accesible, cuya utilidad es indiscutible en el contexto actual, llevamos a cabo un trabajo de investigación que permitió su validación y simplificación.


Abstract Telemedicine is the provision of services by health professionals through the use of information and communication technologies. Its implementation is usually carried out through systems of variable usability. In 2016, Parmanto et al, developed and validated a questionnaire in English that measures its usability and allows to evaluate all factors that influence it. In 2019, we translated, adapted cross-culturally, and published this questionnaire in Spanish. With the aim of transforming it into a reliable and accessible tool, the utility of which is indisputable in the current context, we carried out a research work that allowed its validation and simplification.

13.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(4): 171-183, dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145445

RESUMO

Objetivo: comparar los resultados funcionales y de calidad de vida, y algunos indicadores de calidad y satisfacción, entre dos estrategias de cuidados posoperatorios de prótesis total de rodilla: 1) Cuidados protocolizados brindados por la Unidad de Rehabilitación del Hospital Italiano (URED) para pacientes que residen en CABA; 2) Cuidados habituales brindados por el sistema tercerizado de rehabilitación kinésica. Materiales y métodos: cohorte prospectiva de pacientes que fueron sometidos a una cirugía de reemplazo articular de la rodilla en el Hospital Italiano. Fueron evaluados mediante cuestionarios de funcionalidad y calidad de vida percibida, y goniometría, a los 45 días, por kinesiólogos entrenados. Resultados: se incluyeron 81 pacientes en el grupo de cuidados protocolizados y 28 en el de cuidados habituales. Se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en todas las variables evaluadas y destacamos la relevancia clínica de que solamente el 2,43% de los pacientes atendidos en la URED continuaban usando andador a los 45 días frente al 35,71% de los que habían sido atendidos con los cuidados habituales (p = 0,004), así como la menor proporción de pacientes con déficit de flexión (2,47% vs. 46%, respectivamente; p < 0,001) y de extensión (18,52 vs. 75%; p < 0,001) en el mismo lapso, requisitos que son importantes para lograr una marcha funcional. Conclusión: un programa de rehabilitación domiciliaria protocolizada y supervisada por kinesiólogos entrenados mostró ser eficaz para una progresión más rápida hacia una marcha independiente con un menor riesgo de déficit de flexión o de extensión a los 45 días. (AU)


Objective: to compare functionality and quality of life, and some indicators of patient satisfaction, between two postoperative rehabilitation care following total knee replacement: 1) Protocolized care provided by the Italian Hospital Rehabilitation Unit for patients who live in CABA; 2) Usual care provided by the outsourced rehabilitation system. Materials and methods: prospective cohort of patients who underwent total knee replacement at the Italian Hospital were evaluated using questionnaires of functionality and quality of life at 45 days. Results: 81 patients were included in the protocolized care group and 28 in the usual care group. Statistically significant differences were observed in all the variables evaluated, highlighting clinical relevance that only 2.43% of the patients treated by the URED continued using the walker at 45 days vs 35.71% of those who had been treated with the usual care (p = 0.004); as well as the lower proportion of patients with flexion deficit (2.47 vs. 46%, respectively; p < 0.001) and extension (18.52 vs. 75%; p < 0.001) at the same time. Conclusion: a home protocolarized rehabilitation program supervised by a physical therapist proved to be effective for a quicker progression to an independent walk with lower risks of flexion or extension deficits at 45 days. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/reabilitação , Artroplastia do Joelho/reabilitação , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Reabilitação/métodos , Reabilitação/estatística & dados numéricos , Andadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Marcha , Assistência Domiciliar/estatística & dados numéricos , Prótese do Joelho
14.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(4): 185-190, dic. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145464

RESUMO

Esta revisión narrativa describe el daño colateral de la pandemia de COVID-19, tanto en aspectos de la salud, como también sociales, educativos o económicos. Comunicamos el impacto mundial y local. Consideramos que varias de estas consecuencias eran inevitables, especialmente las sucedidas durante los primeros meses de una pandemia que se difundió a gran velocidad y con graves consecuencias directas en la morbimortalidad de la población. Sin embargo, luego de seis meses de su llegada a la Argentina, es oportuno revaluar la situación y replantearse si no se debería cambiar el enfoque para balancear la minimización del impacto directo de COVID-19 junto con la del daño colateral que las medidas para paliarlo produjeron. Es un desafío que no debe limitarse al sistema de salud. Debe encararse con un abordaje intersectorial amplio y con participación activa de la sociedad. Así como aplanamos la curva de COVID-19, cuanto más nos demoremos en aplanar las otras curvas de problemas sanitarios y sociales que se están generando, mayor será su impacto, tanto en el corto como en el largo plazo. (AU)


This narrative review shows the collateral damage of the COVID-19 pandemic, whether in health, social, educational or economic aspects. We report on the impact at the global and local levels. Many of these consequences were inevitable, especially in the first months of a pandemic that spread at great speed and with serious direct consequences on the morbidity and mortality of the population. However, six months after the arrival in our country, it is an opportunity to reassess the situation and rethink whether the approach should not be changed to balance the minimization of the direct impact of COVID-19 with that of the collateral damage that mitigation measures produced. This is a challenge that should not be limited to the health system. It must be addressed with a broad intersectoral approach and active participation of society. Just as we flatten the COVID-19 curve, the longer we delay in flattening the other curves of health and social problems that are being generated, the greater the impact, both in the short and long term. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/economia , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Argentina , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Isolamento Social , Problemas Sociais/prevenção & controle , Problemas Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estratégias de Saúde Nacionais , Sistemas de Saúde/tendências , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Impactos na Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Equidade no Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Análise de Consequências , Comunicação em Saúde/métodos , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 77(4): 296-300, 2020 12 02.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351375

RESUMO

Social support is an important determinant of health. The Lubben-6 Social Network Scale (LSNS-6) is one of the most used by the international community and its application is simple and brief. To date there are no works that have validated this scale in the Spanish language. Aim: Validate the spanish version of the LSNS-6. Methods: The Spanish version of the questionnaire was generated through the translation, back-translation and transcultural adaptation of the LSNS-6, made with native translators and adapted by a bilingual committee. The construct validity was evaluated using a Confirmatory Factor Analysis. We first considered a single factor (family or friends), and then two factors (family and friends). We compared results using Goodness-of-fit index (GFI). The validity of external criteria was evaluated by correlating the score of the questionnaire with that assigned by a professional counselor trained during an in-depth in-person interview conducted at the patient's home. Results: We interviewed 150 older adults, 54% men; mean age 76.3 years. The GFI presented adequate values ​​for the two-factor model (P Chi2 = 0.069; NFI = 0.97; NNFI = 0.99; RMR st. = 0.03; the RMSEA showed a marginal value, 0.085); While the Pearson correlation was 0.665 (p <0.001). Conclusion: The Spanish version of the LSNS-6 scale is valid and reliable.


Assuntos
Idioma , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 80(6): 649-653, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254109

RESUMO

Telemedicine is the provision of services by health professionals through the use of information and communication technologies. Its implementation is usually carried out through systems of va riable usability. In 2016, Parmanto et al, developed and validated a questionnaire in English that measures its usability and allows to evaluate all factors that influence it. In 2019, we translated, adapted cross-culturally, and published this questionnaire in Spanish. With the aim of transforming it into a reliable and accessible tool, the utility of which is indisputable in the current context, we carried out a research work that allowed its validation and simplification.


Assuntos
Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Telemedicina , Comunicação , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos
17.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 77(3): 161-167, 2020 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991109

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative complications (PCs) constitute any deviation from the normal postoperative course. Reporting of PCs remains a challenge, multiple classification systems have been proposed, however these have not been validated across surgical specialties. Clavien and Dindo (DCCS) developed a system for General Surgery and has been adopted in different fields. Nonetheless, this classification has not been adapted to Orthopedics. The objective of this study was to adapt the Clavien-Dindo classification to orthopedic scenarios and to determine the intra and interobserver reliability. METHODS: The designer team adapted the Clavien Dindo classification to orthopedic scenarios. Ten orthopedic observers with different degrees of training and experience were selected to evaluate the classification. 48 simulated clinical scenarios of complications and another negative outcomes such as failure to cure and sequelae were sent by electronic format independently. A second round of scoring was performed 30 days later to assess the intraobserver concordance. RESULTS: We found a high interobserver and intraobserver reliability for both the first and second evaluation (Kappa 0.88 and 0.91, respectively). In addition, the intraobserver analysis showed a very good correlation (Kappa 0.93). DISCUSSION: The DCCS classification has been developed for general surgery and has been widely applied in the different surgical subspecialties. In Orthopedics, this classification was validated to hip and pediatric surgery. Therefore, our study involved an adaptation of the classification to general and specific orthopedic scenarios of the different orthopedic subspecialties. This classification may be a useful tool for documenting complications in orthopedic surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Ortopedia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/classificação , Criança , Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Período Pós-Operatório , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 151-155, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129377

RESUMO

Para que una persona sea merecedora de la autoría de una investigación debe haber realizado alguna contribución académica sustancial para que esta pudiera llevarse a cabo y, además, ser capaz de dar cuenta públicamente de la integridad de sus procesos y sus resultados. Este artículo resume: 1) la matriz propuesta por L. W. Roberts para contribuir a definir las autorías durante las etapas iniciales de la investigación, 2) los criterios de autoría del Comité Internacional de Editores de Revistas Médicas para definir quiénes merecen dichos créditos y quiénes no, 3) la taxonomía de 14 roles propuesta por la Declaración CRediT para transparentar las tareas realizadas por cada una de las personas proclamadas autoras de una investigación biomédica y 4) las principales conductas que degradan la transparencia de las autorías. (AU)


For a person to deserve an investigation authorship he/she must have made some substantial academic contribution so that that research could be carried out and, in addition, must be able to publicly account for the integrity of their processes and their results. This article summarizes: 1) the matrix proposed by Roberts to help defining authorship during the initial stages of the investigation; 2) authorship criteria of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors to define who deserves such credits and who does not; 3) the 14-role taxonomy proposed by the CRediT Declaration to transparent the tasks performed by each of the proclaimed authors of a biomedical research; 4) the main behaviors that degrade the transparency of authorships. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pesquisa/normas , Autoria/normas , Revisão da Pesquisa por Pares , Ética em Pesquisa , Avaliação da Pesquisa em Saúde , Ética na Publicação Científica , Publicações Científicas e Técnicas , Autoria e Coautoria na Publicação Científica , Comunicação Acadêmica/normas
19.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 20(1): 195, 2020 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Propofol sedation is effective for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures, but its narrow therapeutic window highlights the importance of identifying an optimal administration technique regarding effectiveness and safety. This study aimed to determine the incidence of significant adverse events in adult patients scheduled for gastrointestinal endoscopy under anaesthetist-performed sedation using propofol target-controlled infusion and determine the existence of associations between these events and potentially related variables. METHODS: This single-centre, retrospective cohort study took place in a tertiary referral university hospital. Medical records of 823 patients (age > 18 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification scores I-III) who had undergone elective gastrointestinal endoscopy under propofol target-controlled infusion sedation during September 2018 were reviewed. Outcomes included hypoxia, hypotension, and bradycardia events, requirement of vasoactive drugs, unplanned tracheal intubation or supraglottic device insertion, and need for advanced cardiac life support. RESULTS: The most frequently encountered adverse event was oxygen desaturation < 95% with an incidence of 22.35%. Vasoactive drug administration, hypotension, and oxygen desaturation < 90% followed, with incidences of 19.2, 12.64, and 9.92%, respectively. Only 0.5% of patients required advanced airway management. Multivariate analysis revealed an association between hypotension events, colonoscopic procedures, and propofol doses (odds ratio: 3.08, 95% confidence interval: 1.43 to 6.61; P = 0.004 and odds ratio: 1.14, 95% confidence interval: 1.00 to 1.29; P = 0.046). A strong dose-effect relationship was found between hypoxia and obesity; patients with body mass index ≥40 were nine times (odds ratio: 10.22, 95% confidence interval: 2.83 to 36.99) more likely to experience oxygen desaturation < 90% events. CONCLUSIONS: Propofol sedation using target-controlled infusion appears to be a safe and effective anaesthetic technique for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures with acceptable rates of adverse events and could be more widely adopted in clinical practice.

20.
Adv Simul (Lond) ; 5: 19, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817806

RESUMO

Background: In a setting in which learning of basic procedural skills commences upon graduation from medical school, and as a first step towards integration of simulation-based learning into the anesthesiology training program, a preparatory course for new anesthesia trainees was designed. Three educational strategies were sequentially combined (e-learning, simulation-based hands on workshops, and on-site observational learning), and performance was assessed in a stepwise approach on five procedural skills considered essential for early anesthetic management (peripheral intravenous cannulation, sterile hand wash and gowning, anesthesia workstation preparation, face-mask ventilation, and orotracheal intubation). The primary aim of this study was to determine if this preparatory training course at the onset of anesthesiology residency is useful to achieve a competent trainee performance in the clinical setting. Methods: This prospective study was carried out at a university-affiliated hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 2017 to 2019. The 24 participants, comprising three cohorts of 8 residents each, underwent a preparatory course at the onset of residency. Diverse, consecutive educational strategies, and assessments (three stages: 1, 2, 3) took place using task-specific tools (checklists) and global rating scales for five procedural skills. The primary outcome was achievement of competent scores (85%) in final assessments, and the secondary outcomes were performance improvement between assessment stages and compliance with predefined safety items. Results: Twenty trainees (83.3%) were found to be globally competent (both assessment tools for all procedures) during final assessments (stage 3). Statistically significant improvement was found for all procedural skills between baseline and after workshop assessment scores (stages 1-2), except for orotracheal intubation in checklists, and for all procedural skills between stages 2 and 3 except for sterile hand wash and gowning in checklists. Conclusions: In our single-center experience, the gap for competent trainee performance in essential early anesthetic management skills can be effectively covered by conducting an intensive, preparatory course using the combination of three educational strategies (e-learning, simulation-based hands on workshops, and observational learning) at the onset of residency. This course has allowed learning to be generated in a secure environment for both patients and trainees.

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