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Br J Haematol ; 185(3): 480-491, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793290


The use of immunochemotherapy has improved the outcome of follicular lymphoma (FL). Recently, complete response at 30 months (CR30) has been suggested as a surrogate for progression-free survival. This study aimed to analyse the life expectancy of FL patients according to their status at 30 months from the start of treatment in comparison with the sex and age-matched Spanish general population (relative survival; RS). The training series comprised 263 patients consecutively diagnosed with FL in a 10-year period who needed therapy and were treated with rituximab-containing regimens. An independent cohort of 693 FL patients from the Grupo Español de Linfomas y Trasplante Autólogo de Médula Ósea (GELTAMO) group was used for validation. In the training cohort, 188 patients were in CR30, with a 10-year overall survival (OS) of 53% and 87% for non-CR30 and CR30 patients, respectively. Ten-year RS was 73% and 100%, showing no decrease in life expectancy for CR30 patients. Multivariate analysis indicated that the FL International Prognostic Index was the most important variable predicting OS in the CR30 group. The impact of CR30 status on RS was validated in the independent GELTAMO series. In conclusion, FL patients treated with immunochemotherapy who were in CR at 30 months showed similar survival to a sex- and age-matched Spanish general population.

Br J Haematol ; 178(5): 699-708, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28782811


The diagnostic criteria for follicular lymphoma (FL) transformation vary among the largest series, which commonly exclude histologically-documented transformation (HT) mandatorily. The aims of this retrospective observational multicentre study by the Spanish Grupo Español de Linfoma y Transplante Autólogo de Médula Ósea, which recruited 1734 patients (800 males/934 females; median age 59 years), diagnosed with FL grades 1-3A, were, (i) the cumulative incidence of HT (CI-HT); (ii) risk factors associated with HT; and (iii) the role of treatment and response on survival following transformation (SFT). With a median follow-up of 6·2 years, 106 patients developed HT. Ten-year CI-HT was 8%. Considering these 106 patients who developed HT, median time to transformation was 2·5 years. High-risk FL International Prognostic Index [Hazard ratio (HR) 2·6, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1·5-4·5] and non-response to first-line therapy (HR 2·9, 95% CI: 1·3-6·8) were associated with HT. Seventy out of the 106 patients died (5-year SFT, 26%). Response to HT first-line therapy (HR 5·3, 95% CI: 2·4-12·0), autologous stem cell transplantation (HR 3·9, 95% CI: 1·5-10·1), and revised International Prognostic Index (HR 2·2, 95% CI: 1·1-4·2) were significantly associated with SFT. Response to treatment and HT were the variables most significantly associated with survival in the rituximab era. Better therapies are needed to improve response. Inclusion of HT in clinical trials with new agents is mandatory.

Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/efeitos dos fármacos , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
J Mol Diagn ; 19(1): 99-106, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27863261


Identification and characterization of genetic alterations are essential for diagnosis of multiple myeloma and may guide therapeutic decisions. Currently, genomic analysis of myeloma to cover the diverse range of alterations with prognostic impact requires fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), single nucleotide polymorphism arrays, and sequencing techniques, which are costly and labor intensive and require large numbers of plasma cells. To overcome these limitations, we designed a targeted-capture next-generation sequencing approach for one-step identification of IGH translocations, V(D)J clonal rearrangements, the IgH isotype, and somatic mutations to rapidly identify risk groups and specific targetable molecular lesions. Forty-eight newly diagnosed myeloma patients were tested with the panel, which included IGH and six genes that are recurrently mutated in myeloma: NRAS, KRAS, HRAS, TP53, MYC, and BRAF. We identified 14 of 17 IGH translocations previously detected by FISH and three confirmed translocations not detected by FISH, with the additional advantage of breakpoint identification, which can be used as a target for evaluating minimal residual disease. IgH subclass and V(D)J rearrangements were identified in 77% and 65% of patients, respectively. Mutation analysis revealed the presence of missense protein-coding alterations in at least one of the evaluating genes in 16 of 48 patients (33%). This method may represent a time- and cost-effective diagnostic method for the molecular characterization of multiple myeloma.

Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Idoso , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genes Neoplásicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mutação
Haematologica ; 100(9): 1207-13, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26069291


This study analyzed the anti-myeloma effect of zoledronic acid monotherapy by investigating patients at the time of asymptomatic biochemical relapse. One hundred patients were randomized to receive either zoledronic acid (4 mg iv/4 weeks, 12 doses) (n=51) or not (n=49). Experimental and control groups were well balanced for disease and prognostic features. Zoledronic acid did not show an antitumor effect according to changes in M-component. However, there were fewer symptomatic progressions in the experimental group than in the control group (34 versus 41, respectively; P=0.05) resulting in a median time to symptoms of 16 versus 10 months (P=0.161). The median time to next therapy was also slightly longer for the treated group than the untreated, control group (13.4 versus 10.1 months), although the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.360). The pattern of relapses was different for treated versus control patients: progressive bone disease (8 versus 20), anemia (24 versus 18), renal dysfunction (1 versus 2), and plasmacytomas (1 versus 1, respectively). This concurred with fewer skeletal-related events in the treated group than in the control group (2 versus 14), with a projected 4-year event proportion of 6% versus 40% (P<0.001). In summary, zoledronic acid monotherapy does not show an antitumor effect on biochemical relapses in multiple myeloma, but does reduce the risk of progression with symptomatic bone disease and skeletal complications. This trial was registered in the database with code NCT01087008.

Doenças Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Ósseas/mortalidade , Difosfonatos/administração & dosagem , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Ósseas/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Ácido Zoledrônico
Br J Haematol ; 163(2): 223-34, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23952215


The gene expression profiles (GEPs) of 96 selected genes were analysed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) with a TaqMan low-density array card in isolated tumour plasma cells (PCs) from 157 newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients. This qPCR-based GEP correctly classified cases following the Translocation-cyclin D classification. Classic prognostic parameters and qPCR-based GEP predicted MM patient outcome and, although multivariate analyses revealed that cytogenetic risk (standard vs. high risk) was the variable that most strongly predicted prognosis, GEP added significant information for risk stratification. Considering only the standard risk cytogenetic patients, multivariate analyses revealed that high ß2-microglobulin, low CDKN1A and high SLC19A1 gene expression levels independently predicted a short time-to-progression (TTP), while high International Staging System stage, low CDKN2B and high TBRG4 gene expression predicted poor overall survival (OS). A gene expression risk score enabled the division of standard risk patients into two groups with different TTPs (83% vs. 38% at 3 years, P < 0·0001) and OS rates (88% vs. 61% at 5 years; P = 0·003). This study demonstrates that quantitative PCR is a robust, accurate and feasible technique for implementing in the daily routine as a surrogate for GEP-arrays.

Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Análise em Microsséries , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco