Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 42
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Plant Cell ; 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32371543

RESUMO

Phytochromes are red (R) and far-red (FR) light photoreceptors in plants, and PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTORS (PIFs) are a group of bHLH family transcription factors that play central roles in repressing photomorphogenesis. Here, we report that MYB30, an R2R3-MYB family transcription factor, acts as a negative regulator of photomorphogenesis in Arabidopsis. We show that MYB30 preferentially interacts with the Pfr (active) forms of the phytochrome A and phytochrome B holoproteins (phyA, phyB), and that MYB30 levels are induced by phyA and phyB in the light. It was previously shown that phytochromes induce rapid phosphorylation and degradation of PIFs upon R light exposure. Our current data indicate that MYB30 promotes PIF4 and PIF5 protein reaccumulation under prolonged R light irradiation by directly binding to their promoters to induce their expression, and by inhibiting the interaction of PIF4 and PIF5 with the Pfr form of phyB. In addition, our data indicate that MYB30 also interacts with PIFs, and that they act additively to repress photomorphogenesis. In summary, our study demonstrates that MYB30 negatively regulates Arabidopsis photomorphogenic development by acting to promote PIF4 and PIF5 protein accumulation under prolonged R light irradiation, thus providing new insights into the complicated but delicate control of PIFs in plants' responses to their dynamic light environment.

2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1592, 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221308

RESUMO

ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5), a basic domain/leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor, acts as a master regulator of transcription to promote photomorphogenesis. At present, it's unclear whether HY5 uses additional mechanisms to inhibit hypocotyl elongation. Here, we demonstrate that HY5 enhances the activity of GSK3-like kinase BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE 2 (BIN2), a key repressor of brassinosteroid signaling, to repress hypocotyl elongation. We show that HY5 physically interacts with and genetically acts through BIN2 to inhibit hypocotyl elongation. The interaction of HY5 with BIN2 enhances its kinase activity possibly by the promotion of BIN2 Tyr200 autophosphorylation, and subsequently represses the accumulation of the transcription factor BRASSINAZOLE-RESISTANT 1 (BZR1). Leu137 of HY5 is found to be important for the HY5-BIN2 interaction and HY5-mediated regulation of BIN2 activity, without affecting the transcriptional activity of HY5. HY5 levels increase with light intensity, which gradually enhances BIN2 activity. Thus, our work reveals an additional way in which HY5 promotes photomorphogenesis, and provides an insight into the regulation of GSK3 activity.

3.
Mol Plant ; 13(5): 760-776, 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068157

RESUMO

Abscisic acid (ABA) is a key phytohormone that mediates environmental stress responses. Vitamin C, or L-ascorbic acid (AsA), is the most abundant antioxidant protecting against stress damage in plants. How the ABA and AsA signaling pathways interact in stress responses remains elusive. In this study, we characterized the role of a previously unidentified gene, PTPN (PTP-like Nucleotidase) in plant drought tolerance. In Arabidopsis, (AtPTPN was expressed in multiple tissues and upregulated by ABA and drought treatments. Loss-of-function mutants of AtPTPN were hyposensitive to ABA but hypersensitive to drought stresses, whereas plants with enhanced expression of AtPTPN showed opposite phenotypes to . Overexpression of maize PTPN (ZmPTPN) promoted, while knockdown of ZmPTPN inhibited plant drought tolerance, indicating conserved and positive roles of PTPN in plant drought tolerance. We found that both AtPTPN and ZmPTPN release Pi by hydrolyzing GDP/GMP/dGMP/IMP/dIMP, and that AtPTPN positively regulated AsA production via endogenous Pi content control. Consistently, overexpression of VTC2, the rate-limiting synthetic enzyme in AsA biosynthesis, promoted AsA production and plant drought tolerance, and these effects were largely dependent on AtPTPN activity. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the heat shock transcription factor HSFA6a directly binds the AtPTPN promoter and activates AtPTPN expression. Genetic analyses showed that AtPTPN is required for HSFA6a to regulate ABA and drought responses. Taken together, our data indicate that PTPN-mediated crosstalk between the ABA signaling and AsA biosynthesis pathways positively controls plant drought tolerance.

4.
Mol Plant ; 13(3): 414-430, 2020 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059872

RESUMO

PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTORS (PIFs) are a group of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors that can physically interact with photoreceptors, including phytochromes and cryptochromes. It was previously demonstrated that PIFs accumulated in darkness and repressed seedling photomorphogenesis, and that PIFs linked different photosensory and hormonal pathways to control plant growth and development. In this study, we show that PIFs positively regulate the ABA signaling pathway during the seedling stage specifically in darkness. We found that PIFs positively regulate ABI5 transcript and protein levels in darkness in response to exogenous ABA treatment by binding directly to the G-box motifs in the ABI5 promoter. Consistently, PIFs and the G-box motifs in the ABI5 promoter determine ABI5 expression in darkness, and overexpression of ABI5 could rescue the ABA-insensitive phenotypes of pifq mutants in the dark. Moreover, we discovered that PIFs can physically interact with the ABA receptors PYL8 and PYL9, and that this interaction is not regulated by ABA. Further analyses showed that PYL8 and PYL9 promote PIF4 protein accumulation in the dark and enhance PIF4 binding to the ABI5 promoter, but negatively regulate PIF4-mediated ABI5 activation. Taken together, our data demonstrate that PIFs interact with ABA receptors to orchestrate ABA signaling in darkness by controlling ABI5 expression, providing new insights into the pivotal roles of PIFs as signal integrators in regulating plant growth and development.

5.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 18(3): 644-654, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373135

RESUMO

Plant height and branch number are essential components of rapeseed plant architecture and are directly correlated with its yield. Presently, improvement of plant architecture is a major challenge in rapeseed breeding. In this study, we first verified that the two rapeseed BnaMAX1 genes had redundant functions resembling those of Arabidopsis MAX1, which regulates plant height and axillary bud outgrowth. Therefore, we designed two sgRNAs to edit these BnaMAX1 homologs using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. The T0 plants were edited very efficiently (56.30%-67.38%) at the BnaMAX1 target sites resulting in homozygous, heterozygous, bi-allelic and chimeric mutations. Transmission tests revealed that the mutations were passed on to the T1 and T2 progeny. We also obtained transgene-free lines created by the CRISPR/Cas9 editing, and no mutations were detected in potential off-target sites. Notably, simultaneous knockout of all four BnaMAX1 alleles resulted in semi-dwarf and increased branching phenotypes with more siliques, contributing to increased yield per plant relative to wild type. Therefore, these semi-dwarf and increased branching characteristics have the potential to help construct a rapeseed ideotype. Significantly, the editing resources obtained in our study provide desirable germplasm for further breeding of high yield in rapeseed.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5279, 2019 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754193

RESUMO

Over-application of nitrogen fertilizer in fields has had a negative impact on both environment and human health. Domesticated rice varieties with high nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) reduce fertilizer for sustainable agriculture. Here, we perform genome-wide association analysis of a diverse rice population displaying extreme nitrogen-related phenotypes over three successive years in the field, and identify an elite haplotype of nitrate transporter OsNPF6.1HapB that enhances nitrate uptake and confers high NUE by increasing yield under low nitrogen supply. OsNPF6.1HapB differs in both the protein and promoter element with natural variations, which are differentially trans-activated by OsNAC42, a NUE-related transcription factor. The rare natural allele OsNPF6.1HapB, derived from variation in wild rice and selected for enhancing both NUE and yield, has been lost in 90.3% of rice varieties due to the increased application of fertilizer. Our discovery highlights this NAC42-NPF6.1 signaling cascade as a strategy for high NUE and yield breeding in rice.

7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(40): 20218-20225, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527236

RESUMO

The PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTORs (PIFs) play a central role in repressing photomorphogenesis, and phosphorylation mediates the stability of PIF proteins. Although the kinases responsible for PIF phosphorylation have been extensively studied, the phosphatases that dephosphorylate PIFs remain largely unknown. Here, we report that seedlings with mutations in FyPP1 and FyPP3, 2 genes encoding the catalytic subunits of protein phosphatase 6 (PP6), exhibited short hypocotyls and opened cotyledons in the dark, which resembled the photomorphogenic development of dark-grown pifq mutants. The hypocotyls of dark-grown sextuple mutant fypp1 fypp3 (f1 f3) pifq were shorter than those of parental mutants f1 f3 and pifq, indicating that PP6 phosphatases and PIFs function synergistically to repress photomorphogenesis in the dark. We showed that FyPPs directly interacted with PIF3 and PIF4, and PIF3 and PIF4 proteins exhibited mobility shifts in f1 f3 mutants, consistent with their hyperphosphorylation. Moreover, PIF4 was more rapidly degraded in f1 f3 mutants than in wild type after light exposure. Whole-genome transcriptomic analyses indicated that PP6 and PIFs coregulated many genes, and PP6 proteins may positively regulate PIF transcriptional activity. These data suggest that PP6 phosphatases may repress photomorphogenesis by controlling the stability and transcriptional activity of PIF proteins via regulating PIF phosphorylation.

8.
Plant Cell Rep ; 38(8): 883-897, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31011789

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: BnaIAA7 crosstalk with BR signaling is mediated by the interaction between BnaARF8 and BnaBZR1 to regulate rapeseed plant morphogenesis. Auxin (indole-3-acetic acid, IAA) and brassinosteroids (BRs) are essential regulators of plant morphogenesis. However, their roles in rapeseed have not been reported. Here, we identified an extremely dwarf1 (ed1) mutant of rapeseed that displays reduced stature, short hypocotyls, as well as wavy and curled leaves. We isolated ED1 by map-based cloning, and found that it encodes a protein homologous to AtIAA7. ED1 acts as a repressor of IAA signaling, and IAA induces its degradation through its degron motif. A genomic-synteny analysis revealed that ED1 has four homologs in rapeseed, but two were not expressed. Analyses of transcriptomes and of various mutant BnaIAA7s in transgenic plants revealed that the three expressed BnaIAA7 homologs had diverse expression patterns. ED1/BnaC05.IAA7 predominantly functioned in stem elongation, BnaA05.IAA7 was essential for reproduction, while BnaA03.IAA7 had the potential to reduce plant height. Physical interaction assays revealed that the three BnaIAA7 homologs interacted in different ways with BnaTIRs/AFBs and BnaARFs, which may regulate the development of specific organs. Furthermore, BnaARF8 could directly interact with the BnaIAA7s and BnaBZR1. We propose that BnaIAA7s interact with BR signaling via BnaARF8 and BnaBZR1 to regulate stem elongation in rapeseed.


Assuntos
Brassica napus/metabolismo , Brassinosteroides/metabolismo , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Brassica napus/anatomia & histologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
9.
Biol Open ; 8(4)2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30837228

RESUMO

ClopHensor, a fluorescent fusion protein, is a dual function biosensor that has been utilized as a tool for the simultaneous measurement of intracellular chloride and pH in cells. ClopHensor has traditionally been used in conjunction with fluorescence microscopy for single cell measurements. Here, we present a promising multi-well format advancement for the use of ClopHensor as a potential high-throughput method capable of measuring fluorescence signal intensity across a well of confluent cells with highly reproducible results. Using this system, we gained mechanistic insight into an endogenous oxalate transporter in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing ClopHensor and the human chloride transporter, SLC26A3. SLC26A3, a known anion exchanger, has been proposed to play a role in colonic oxalate absorption in humans. Our attempt to study the role of SLC26A3 in oxalate transport revealed the presence of an endogenous oxalate transporter in CHO cells. This transporter was strongly inhibited by niflumate, and exhibited clear saturability. Use of ClopHensor in a multi-well cell assay allowed us to quickly demonstrate that the endogenous oxalate transporter was unable to exchange chloride for bicarbonate, unlike SLC26A3.

10.
Plant J ; 98(4): 697-713, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30715761

RESUMO

Drought is a major abiotic stress that threatens global food security. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are endogenous RNAs. How these molecules influence plant stress responses remains elusive. Here, a large-scale circRNA profiling identified 2174 and 1354 high-confidence circRNAs in maize and Arabidopsis, respectively, and most were differentially expressed in response to drought. A substantial number of drought-associated circRNA-hosting genes were involved in conserved or species-specific pathways in drought responses. Comparative analysis revealed that circRNA biogenesis was more complex in maize than in Arabidopsis. In most cases, maize circRNAs were negatively correlated with sRNA accumulation. In 368 maize inbred lines, the circRNA-hosting genes were enriched for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with circRNA expression and drought tolerance, implying either important roles of circRNAs in maize drought responses or their potential use as biomarkers for breeding drought-tolerant maize. Additionally, the expression levels of circRNAs derived from drought-responsible genes encoding calcium-dependent protein kinase and cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase were significantly associated with drought tolerance of maize seedlings. Specifically, Arabidopsis plants overexpressing circGORK (Guard cell outward-rectifying K+ -channel) were hypersensitive to abscisic acid, but insensitive to drought, suggesting a positive role of circGORK in drought tolerance. We report the transcriptomic profiling and transgenic studies of circRNAs in plant drought responses, and provide evidence highlighting the universal molecular mechanisms involved in plant drought tolerance.

11.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 61(6): 658-674, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30803125

RESUMO

Excess salinity is a natural stress that causes crop yield losses worldwide. The genetic bases of maize salt tolerance remain largely unknown. Here we investigated the survival rates of 445 maize natural accessions after salt treatments. A skewed distribution of the salt-tolerant phenotypes was observed in this population. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) revealed 57 loci significantly associated with salt tolerance. Forty-nine candidate genes were detected from these loci. About 10% of these genes were co-localized with loci from QTL mapping. Forty four percent of the candidate genes were involved in stress responses, ABA signaling, stomata division, DNA binding/transcription regulation and auxin signaling, suggesting that they are key genetic mechanisms of maize salt tolerance. Transgenic studies showed that two genes, the salt-tolerance-associated-gene 4 (SAG4, GRMZM2G077295) and SAG6 (GRMZM2G106056), which encode a protein transport protein and the double-strand break repair protein MRE11, respectively, had positive roles in plant salt tolerance, and their salt-tolerant haplotypes were revealed. The genes we identified in this study provide a list of candidate targets for further study of maize salt tolerance, and of genetic markers and materials that may be used for breeding salt-tolerance in maize.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Plântula/genética , Plântula/fisiologia , Zea mays/genética , Zea mays/fisiologia , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Genes de Plantas , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Fenótipo , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
12.
Plant J ; 97(3): 555-570, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30375060

RESUMO

Alternative splicing (AS) plays key roles in plant development and the responses of plants to environmental changes. However, the mechanisms underlying AS divergence (differential expression of transcript isoforms resulting from AS) in plant accessions and its contribution to responses to environmental stimuli remain unclear. In this study, we investigated genome-wide variation of AS in Arabidopsis thaliana accessions Col-0, Bur-0, C24, Kro-0 and Ler-1, as well as their F1 hybrids, and characterized the regulatory mechanisms for AS divergence by RNA sequencing. We found that most of the divergent AS events in Arabidopsis accessions were cis-regulated by sequence variation, including those in core splice site and splicing motifs. Many genes that differed in AS between Col-0 and Bur-0 were involved in stimulus responses. Further genome-wide association analyses of 22 environmental variables showed that single nucleotide polymorphisms influencing known splice site strength were also associated with environmental stress responses. These results demonstrate that cis-variation in genomic sequences among Arabidopsis accessions was the dominant contributor to AS divergence, and it may contribute to differences in environmental responses among Arabidopsis accessions.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA/genética , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Meio Ambiente , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Estresse Fisiológico
13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(50): E11864-E11873, 2018 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30478060

RESUMO

Phytochrome A (phyA) is the only plant photoreceptor that perceives far-red light and then mediates various responses to this signal. Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of oat phyA have been extensively studied, and it was shown that phosphorylation of a serine residue in the hinge region of oat phyA could regulate the interaction of phyA with its signal transducers. However, little is known about the role of the hinge region of Arabidopsis phyA. Here, we report that three sites in the hinge region of Arabidopsis phyA (i.e., S590, T593, and S602) are essential in regulating phyA function. Mutating all three of these sites to either alanines or aspartic acids impaired phyA function, changed the interactions of mutant phyA with FHY1 and FHL, and delayed the degradation of mutant phyA upon light exposure. Moreover, the in vivo formation of a phosphorylated phyA form was greatly affected by these mutations, while our data indicated that the abundance of this phosphorylated phyA form correlated well with the extent of phyA function, thus suggesting a pivotal role of the phosphorylated phyA in inducing the far-red light response. Taking these data together, our study reveals the important role of the hinge region of Arabidopsis phyA in regulating phyA phosphorylation and function, thus linking specific residues in the hinge region to the regulatory mechanisms of phyA phosphorylation.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/química , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Fitocromo A/química , Fitocromo A/metabolismo , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Luz , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Fosforilação , Fitocromo/metabolismo , Fitocromo A/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Proteólise , Plântula/genética , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plântula/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
14.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 60(11): 1097-1118, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29944211

RESUMO

Pyruvate kinase (PK) is a key enzyme in glycolysis and carbon metabolism. Here, we isolated a rice (Oryza sativa) mutant, w59, with a white-core floury endosperm. Map-based cloning of w59 identified a mutation in OsPKpα1, which encodes a plastidic isoform of PK (PKp). OsPKpα1 localizes to the amyloplast stroma in the developing endosperm, and the mutation of OsPKpα1 in w59 decreases the plastidic PK activity, resulting in dramatic changes to the lipid biosynthesis in seeds. The w59 grains were also characterized by a marked decrease in starch content. Consistent with a decrease in number and size of the w59 amyloplasts, large empty spaces were observed in the central region of the w59 endosperm, at the early grain-filling stage. Moreover, a phylogenetic analysis revealed four potential rice isoforms of OsPKp. We validated the in vitro PK activity of these OsPKps through reconstituting active PKp complexes derived from inactive individual OsPKps, revealing the heteromeric structure of rice PKps, which was further confirmed using a protein-protein interaction analysis. These findings suggest a functional connection between lipid and starch synthesis in rice endosperm amyloplasts.


Assuntos
Endosperma/metabolismo , Oryza/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Piruvato Quinase/metabolismo , Endosperma/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/fisiologia , Mutação/genética , Oryza/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Piruvato Quinase/genética
15.
Front Plant Sci ; 9: 422, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29670640

RESUMO

Drought is one of the major abiotic stresses affecting world agriculture. Breeding drought-resistant crops is one of the most important challenges for plant biologists. PYR1/PYL/RCARs, which encode the abscisic acid (ABA) receptors, play pivotal roles in ABA signaling, but how these genes function in crop drought response remains largely unknown. Here we identified 13 PYL family members in maize (ZmPYL1-13). Changes in expression of these genes under different stresses indicated that ZmPYLs played important roles in responding to multiple abiotic stresses. Transgenic analyses of ZmPYL genes in Arabidopsis showed that overexpression of ZmPYL3, ZmPYL9, ZmPYL10, and ZmPYL13 significantly enhanced the sensitivity of transgenic plants to ABA. Additionally, transgenic lines overexpressing ZmPYL8, ZmPYL9, and ZmPYL12 were more resistant to drought. Accumulation of proline and enhanced expression of drought-related marker genes in transgenic lines further confirmed the positive roles of ZmPYL genes in plant drought resistance. Association analyses with a panel of 368 maize inbred lines identified natural variants in ZmPYL8 and ZmPYL12 that were significantly associated with maize drought resistance. Our results deepen the knowledge of the function of maize PYL genes in responses to abiotic stresses, and the natural variants identified in ZmPYL genes may serve as potential molecular markers for breeding drought-resistant maize cultivars.

16.
Plant Cell ; 30(4): 835-852, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29588390

RESUMO

Phytochrome A (phyA) is the primary plant photoreceptor responsible for perceiving and mediating various responses to far-red (FR) light and is essential for survival in canopy shade. In this study, we identified two Arabidopsis thaliana mutants that grew longer hypocotyls in FR light. Genetic analyses showed that they were allelic and their FR phenotypes were caused by mutations in the gene named TANDEM ZINC-FINGER/PLUS3 (TZP), previously shown to encode a nuclear protein involved in blue light signaling and phyB-dependent regulation of photoperiodic flowering. We show that the expression of TZP is dramatically induced by light and that TZP proteins are differentially modified in different light conditions. Furthermore, we show that TZP interacts with both phyA and FAR-RED ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL1 (FHY1) and regulates the abundance of phyA, FHY1, and ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL5 proteins in FR light. Moreover, our data indicate that TZP is required for the formation of a phosphorylated form of phyA in the nucleus in FR light. Together, our results identify TZP as a positive regulator of phyA signaling required for phosphorylation of the phyA photoreceptor, thus suggesting an important role of phosphorylated phyA in inducing the FR light response.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Fitocromo A/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Arabidopsis/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Luz , Proteínas Nucleares , Fosforilação , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Dedos de Zinco
17.
Plant Mol Biol ; 95(4-5): 345-357, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28856519

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: OsPPR6, a pentatricopeptide repeat protein involved in editing and splicing chloroplast RNA, is required for chloroplast biogenesis in rice. The chloroplast has its own genetic material and genetic system, but it is also regulated by nuclear-encoded genes. However, little is known about nuclear-plastid regulatory mechanisms underlying early chloroplast biogenesis in rice. In this study, we isolated and characterized a mutant, osppr6, that showed early chloroplast developmental defects leading to albino leaves and seedling death. We found that the osppr6 mutant failed to form thylakoid membranes. Using map-based cloning and complementation tests, we determined that OsPPR6 encoded a new Pentatricopeptide Repeat (PPR) protein localized in plastids. In the osppr6 mutants, mRNA levels of plastidic genes transcribed by the plastid-encoded RNA polymerase decreased, while those of genes transcribed by the nuclear-encoded RNA polymerase increased. Western blot analyses validated these expression results. We further investigated plastidic RNA editing and splicing in the osppr6 mutants and found that the ndhB transcript was mis-edited and the ycf3 transcript was mis-spliced. Therefore, we demonstrate that OsPPR6, a PPR protein, regulates early chloroplast biogenesis and participates in editing of ndhB and splicing of ycf3 transcripts in rice.


Assuntos
Oryza/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Edição de RNA , Processamento de RNA , RNA de Cloroplastos/genética , Cloroplastos/genética , Cloroplastos/fisiologia , Cloroplastos/ultraestrutura , Teste de Complementação Genética , Mutação , Biogênese de Organelas , Oryza/fisiologia , Oryza/ultraestrutura , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Folhas de Planta/ultraestrutura , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Plântula/genética , Plântula/fisiologia , Plântula/ultraestrutura , Tilacoides/genética , Tilacoides/fisiologia , Tilacoides/ultraestrutura
18.
New Phytol ; 215(1): 240-255, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28248438

RESUMO

Rice is vulnerable to cold stress. Seedlings are very sensitive to cold stress and this harms global rice production. The effects of cold on chloroplast development are well known, but little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms. Here, we isolated a temperature-sensitive virescent (tsv) mutant that is extremely sensitive to cold stress. It displayed defective chloroplasts, decreased chlorophyll and zero survivorship under cold stress. We isolated and identified TSV by map-based cloning and rescue experiments, combined with genetic, cytological and molecular biological analyses. We found that TSV, a putative plastidic oxidoreductase, is a new type of virescent protein. A mutation in tsv causes premature termination of the gene product. The activity of plastid-encoded RNA polymerase (PEP) and the expression of genes participating in chlorophyll synthesis were severely reduced in the tsv mutant under cold stress, but not at normal temperatures. TSV expression was induced by low temperatures. Strikingly, TSV interacted with OsTrxZ (a subunit of PEP in chloroplasts) and enhanced OsTrxZ stability under low temperatures. We demonstrated that TSV protects rice chloroplasts from cold stress by interacting with OsTrxZ. These results provide novel insights into ways in which rice chloroplast development and chlorophyll synthesis are protected by TSV under cold stress.


Assuntos
Tiorredoxinas de Cloroplastos/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Oryza/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Cloroplastos/metabolismo , Cloroplastos/fisiologia , Cloroplastos/ultraestrutura , Clonagem Molecular , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Oryza/metabolismo , Oryza/ultraestrutura , Temperatura
19.
J Exp Bot ; 67(14): 4241-53, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27252468

RESUMO

Grain size and leaf angle are two important traits determining grain yield in rice. However, the mechanisms regulating the two traits remain largely unknown. Here, we characterized a rice gain-of-function mutant, slender grain Dominant (slg-D), which exhibited longer and narrower grains and larger leaf angles, similar to plants with elevated brassinosteroid (BR) levels or strengthened BR signaling. The increased cell length is responsible for the mutant phenotypes in slg-D We demonstrated that the phenotype of slg-D is caused by enhanced expression of SLG, a BAHD acyltransferase-like protein gene. SLG is preferentially expressed in young panicles and lamina joints, implying its role in controlling cell growth in those two tissues. slg-D was restored to wild type by treatment with brassinazole, an inhibitor of BR biosynthesis. Overexpression of SLG in d11-2 (deficient in BR synthesis) and d61-1 (deficient in BR signaling) did not change the existing phenotypes. The slg-D plants had elevated BR contents and, accordingly, expression of BR-related genes was changed in a manner similar to BR treatment. Moreover, SLG RNAi plants displayed mild BR-deficient phenotypes including shorter grains, smaller leaf angles, and compact semi-dwarf plant types. The in vitro biochemical assays and transgenic approaches collectively demonstrated that SLG functions as homomers. Taken together, we conclude that SLG is an important regulator in BR homeostasis and that manipulation of SLG expression to an optimal level may provide a way to develop an ideal plant type.


Assuntos
Brassinosteroides/metabolismo , Oryza/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/anatomia & histologia , Sementes/anatomia & histologia , Clonagem Molecular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/fisiologia , Genes de Plantas/genética , Genes de Plantas/fisiologia , Homeostase , Hibridização In Situ , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Oryza/anatomia & histologia , Oryza/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/fisiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Sementes/metabolismo , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido
20.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 113(21): 6071-6, 2016 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27118848

RESUMO

During deetiolation of Arabidopsis seedlings, light promotes the expansion of cotyledons but inhibits the elongation of hypocotyls. The mechanism of this differential regulation of cell enlargement is unclear. Our organ-specific transcriptomic analysis identified 32 Small Auxin Up RNA (SAUR) genes whose transcripts were light-induced in cotyledons and/or repressed in hypocotyls. We therefore named these SAURs as lirSAURs Both overexpression and mutation analyses demonstrated that lirSAURs could promote cotyledon expansion and opening and enhance hypocotyl elongation, possibly by inhibiting phosphatase activity of D-clade type 2C protein phosphatases (PP2C-Ds). Light reduced auxin levels to down-regulate the expression of lirSAURs in hypocotyls. Further, phytochrome-interacting factors (PIFs) were shown to directly bind the genes encoding these SAURs and differentially regulate their expression in cotyledons and hypocotyls. Together, our study demonstrates that light mediates auxin levels and PIF stability to differentially regulate the expression of lirSAURs in cotyledons and hypocotyls, and these lirSAURs further mediate the differential growth of these two organs.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocótilo/genética , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Luz , Mutação/efeitos dos fármacos , Plântula/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA