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1.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 78(2): 217-227, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518549

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to retrospectively evaluate the radiographic and clinical results and the success rate of short implants with a laser-microgrooved collar (≤7.5 mm) placed in the posterior areas after up to 3 to 5 years of function and the possible influence of several variables-such as gender, periodontitis, smoking habit, location, implant stability at placement, and prosthetic fixation design-on implant marginal bone loss (MBL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A chart review was used for this multicenter study, which involved 5 private dental clinics. All patients had been treated with short dental implants with a laser-microgrooved collar from January 2012 to December 2015. RESULTS: A total of 174 patients (99 male and 75 female patients; mean age, 51.6 ± 2.8 years) with 254 implants were evaluated. Seven short implants failed. The cumulative success rate was 97.2%, without a statistically significant difference between implants placed in the posterior maxilla and mandible. The mean MBL was 0.18 ± 0.7 mm at the mesial aspect and 0.19 ± 0.6 mm at the distal aspect. No statistical relationships were found between MBL and gender, periodontitis, smoking habit, location, implant stability at placement, and prosthetic fixation design. CONCLUSIONS: At the end of the 3- to 5-year follow-up period, short implants with a laser-microgrooved collar (≤7.5 mm) in the posterior areas yielded a relatively high cumulative success rate. The laser-microgrooved collar implant maintained stable marginal bone levels. No investigated variable was statistically associated with MBL.

2.
J Clin Med ; 8(12)2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the survival rates of immediately loaded implants after at least five years. Besides implant failure, the amount of marginal bone loss around implants and the complication type were assessed. METHODS: The electronic search was undertaken on Medline, Scopus, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials using key terms such as: "immediate loading", "immediate function", "immediate restoration", "immediate temporization", "dental implants", "fully edentulous patients", "partially edentulous patients". The search terms were combined using the Boolean operators AND, OR. The last electronic search was performed on 15 February 2018. Two authors independently screened the studies, extracted the data, and assessed the risk-of bias. The main outcomes recorded for each study were: implant and prosthesis success and survival, marginal bone level change, incidence and type of complications. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate cumulative survival rates. RESULTS: Thirty-four prospective studies with at least five-year follow-up, published between 2007 and 2017 were included. A total of 5349 immediately loaded implants in 1738 patients were analyzed. The mean follow-up was 72.4 months (median 60 months, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 64.53, 80.25 months, range 60 to 147 months). The mean weighted implant survival was 97.4% (median 98.15%, 95% CI: 96.29%, 98.54%, range 83.80% to 100%). Cumulative survival rate of implants placed in the mandible was significantly higher than for the maxilla (p < 0.01). No significant difference in failure rate was found among the types of prosthesis employed (p = 0.27). The mean peri-implant bone level change at the end of the follow-up in each study ranged from 0.3 to 1.7 mm. CONCLUSION: Immediate loading of implants appears to have long-term predictability and success rate under well-defined circumstances.

3.
J Periodontol ; 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The thickness of the soft tissues around dental implants is crucial for both the preservation of the marginal bone and esthetic profile. Many authors have showed the thickened soft tissues favor a better peri-implant bone stability; however, different thickening techniques can be used for this aim. METHODS: Forty-seven patients were enrolled in this study, each one had one implant included in this analysis. According to the thickening procedure, patients were assigned into group A (porcine dermal matrix, n = 24) or B (healing abutment used as tenting screw to sustain the soft tissues, n = 23), soft tissue thickness was measured after flap elevation in a standardized way. Six months after implant placement, implants were uncovered and soft tissue thickness measured again. RESULTS: At second stage, 6 months after implant placement, the mean vertical thickness was 3.01 ± 0.58 mm in group A and 2.25 ± 0.53 mm in group B. The difference between the two groups at 6 months was significant (P < 0.001). The mean vertical gain in group A was 1.33 ± 0.71 mm, whereas it was 0.43 ± 0.55 mm in group B. This difference was also statistically significant (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The use of a healing abutment for "tenting effect" has limited efficacy to obtain a significant increase in soft tissue thickness. The use of a porcine dermal matrix at time of implant placement is effective to thicken peri-implant tissues.

4.
Periodontol 2000 ; 81(1): 91-123, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407430

RESUMO

Maxillary sinus augmentation is the most predictable of the pre-prosthetic surgical procedures. There are, however, known and well-documented complications that can and do occur. The most common are the intraoperative complications of sinus membrane perforation and bleeding, and the postoperative complications of sinus graft infections, sinus infections, and sinusitis. The majority of these complications can be prevented, or their incidence greatly reduced, through a thorough understanding of maxillary sinus anatomy, the multifaceted etiologies of these conditions, and the steps that can be taken to avoid them. This volume of Periodontology 2000 will discuss both the preoperative and intraoperative procedures that will prevent these untoward outcomes and the necessary treatment modalities that will limit their adverse effects.


Assuntos
Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Seio Maxilar , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Fatores de Risco
5.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res ; 21(5): 923-930, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The achievement and preservation of an adequate amount of soft tissue around implants is a critical factor for the prognosis of the treatment. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a porcine dermal matrix applied during second stage implant surgery for horizontal soft tissue augmentation and preservation of dimensional stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients (mean age 50.2 ± 11.9 [SD] years) candidate to implant therapy and requiring soft tissue augmentation were recruited in four centers. Augmentation was performed in 24 cases. A porcine dermal matrix was placed into a buccal split-thickness pouch during uncovering surgery. Silicone impressions were taken before surgery (T0), 2 weeks later at suture removal (T2), 6 months (T3), and 24 months (T4) post augmentation. Dimensional changes of soft tissue were evaluated using superimposition of digitalized study casts. RESULTS: Nineteen patients (23 implants) could be evaluated at 6 months and 13 patients (17 implants) at 24 months. After 6-month follow-up, there was a significant dimensional gain respect to baseline, averaging 0.83 ± 0.64 mm (P < .01). This did not change significantly at 24 months (0.77 ± 0.65 mm, P = .19). The gain was >0.5 mm in 65.2% and 64.7% of the cases, respectively. Soft tissue shrinkage averaged 34.2% ± 77.0% from T2 to T3 (P < .01) and did not change thereafter (P = .39). Shrinkage was more consistent in the posterior mandible than in the maxilla, but not significantly (P = .23 at 6-month and .36 at 24-month). No adverse events occurred. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this prospective case series, the use of a porcine dermal matrix may provide consistent soft tissue augmentation that maintains up to 24-month follow-up, although graft shrinkage may occur in the first 6 months, depending on the location of surgery.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Adulto , Animais , Tecido Conjuntivo , Gengiva , Humanos , Maxila , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Suínos
6.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(8): 3257-3265, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30474748

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the combined role of current radiographic risk indicators and patient age in predicting lower lip sensitivity disturbances after surgical removal of impacted lower third molars. The question was which combinations indicate low or high risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was implemented involving 247 consecutive outpatients who underwent 423 surgical extractions. The predictor variables were patient age and risk indicators observed on panoramic radiographs. The outcome variable was the incidence of self-assessed lip sensitivity alterations. The extractions were subdivided into four groups according to the predictors. RESULTS: Two hundred forty-five teeth were extracted in patients younger than 25 years and 178 in patients 25 years old or older; radiographic risk indicators were associated with 226 out of 423 teeth (53.43%). No permanent neurological damage was observed. Transient lip sensitivity alterations were observed in five cases (1.18%; 95% confidence interval = 0.4 to 2.7%), all in the older group with radiographic risk indicators. CONCLUSIONS: The data indicate a low overall incidence of transient lip sensitivity impairment that occurred only in the presence of radiographic risk indicators in patients aged ≥ 25 years. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Informed consent should include the possibility of inferior alveolar nerve injury in mature patients with radiographic risk indicators. Prophylactic removal of impacted teeth with radiographic signs of risk may be indicated when the patient is not yet aged 25 years.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Traumatismos do Nervo Trigêmeo , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Nervo Mandibular , Dente Serotino , Pacientes , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia Panorâmica , Autorrelato , Extração Dentária
7.
Implant Dent ; 27(6): 630-637, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30157138

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To introduce a novel modality that enables the measurement of forces applied during a transalveolar sinus floor elevation (tSFE) and to investigate the influence of anatomical and surgical factors on the necessitated force in sinus membrane detachment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A new endosinus probe, innovated with a calibrated load cell, was used to test the forces needed to perforate ten maxillary sinuses in 5 human cadavers. The same probe was also used to detach the Schneiderian membrane from the bony floor of 21 human subjects undergoing tSFE. RESULTS: The force needed to cause membrane perforation in the cadaver sample was on average 3.46 ± 1.04 N. The maximum force applied in vivo to a sinus membrane without perforation was 2.01 ± 0.67 N on average. Regression analysis showed that smoking (P < 0.001), as well as 3.0 mm osteotomy (P < 0.001), was significantly correlated to increased forces during membrane detachment. CONCLUSIONS: The maximum force needed to detach the membrane was found to be, on average, lower than the membrane breaking load in cadavers. Furthermore, because of smoking and a 3.0-mm osteotomy diameter demonstrating a high association with increased forces during membrane detachment, they may be considered as risk factors of membrane perforation.


Assuntos
Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar/instrumentação , Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar/métodos , Estresse Mecânico
8.
Eur J Oral Implantol ; 11(2): 227-232, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29806669

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To present a case report of autogenous transplant of two impacted mandibular canines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 12-year-old girl, with vestibular impaction of mandibular left and right canines had them extracted and transplanted in the anatomically corrected sites, after an unsuccessful orthodontic treatment including surgical exposure. RESULTS: After 2 years the teeth are stable and their vitality is maintained. CONCLUSIONS: In this case the transplantation of the mandibular canines was successful and maintained the vitality of the transplanted teeth for at least 2 years. By preserving the periodontal ligament is it possible to re-establish a functional tooth unit, which allows a physiologic growth of the jaws.


Assuntos
Dente Canino/transplante , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Autoenxertos , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 33(2): 457-465, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29534135

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the incidence of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis around dental implants with the same body design and surface but different collar surface (laser-microgrooved vs not laser-microgrooved) after 5 years of loading in private practice patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on patients at a private dental clinic enrolled in a periodontal maintenance program, who received at least one implant with a laser-microgrooved collar surface and one implant without a laser-microgrooved collar surface. Clinical variables such as plaque, pocket depth, bleeding on probing, suppuration, and radiographic marginal bone loss at > 5 years around implants were investigated. The correlation between the prevalence of peri-implant mucositis/peri-implantitis and biotype, keratinized tissue width, prosthetic connection type, and prosthetic design type was also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 166 implants in 74 patients were investigated. At the end of the 5-year follow-up period, 38 implants presented peri-implant mucositis, accounting for 22.8% of the total, affecting a total of 24 patients (32.4%), while 13 implants (7.8%) in 10 patients (13.5%) were diagnosed with peri-implantitis. Sixteen of 82 laser-microgrooved implants (19.5%) and 24 of 84 implants (28.5%) without a laser-microgrooved collar presented peri-implant mucositis, while 3 of 82 (3.6%) of laser-microgrooved implants and 10 of 84 (11.9%) implants without a laser-microgrooved collar demonstrated peri-implantitis. Differences in implant-based incidence of peri-implant diseases between implants with and without a laser-microgrooved collar were statistically significant (P < .05). CONCLUSION: In private practice patients enrolled in a professional, controlled oral hygiene regimen, implants with a laser-microgrooved collar, compared with implants without a laser-microgrooved collar, presented a statistically significantly lower incidence of peri-implant diseases.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Peri-Implantite/epidemiologia , Prática Privada/estatística & dados numéricos , Estomatite/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Placa Dentária , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Higiene Bucal , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Periodontol 2000 ; 77(1): 176-196, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29484714

RESUMO

Patient expectations from implant treatment have changed over the years and esthetics plays an important role in defining what is now called success of rehabilitation. Of the many factors that influence the outcome of the rehabilitation, the two main ones are the bone and soft-tissue deficiencies at the intended implant site. Many surgical approaches are described in terms of timing of implant placement and management of regenerative procedures. The aim of this article is to discuss the different implant placement alternatives in the esthetic area, in particular: (i) the timing of implant placement/regenerative procedures/skeletal growth/altered passive eruption; (ii) the correct three-dimensional position of the fixture between the cuspids and in the premolar area; (iii) multiple missing teeth in the esthetic area with single tooth/pontic or cantilevered options/prosthetic compensation; (iv) placement of implants into infected sites; and (v) the influence of abutment and crown morphology on implant position. Combining our long-standing clinical experience and the pertinent literature, the following conclusions can be drawn: Immediate implant placement can be a successful procedure in terms of esthetics but it is technique sensitive and requires an experienced team. Immediate placement is less traumatic to the patient as fewer surgical procedures are involved and patients tend to prefer this clinical approach with regards to quality of life. The diagnostic phase is of utmost importance, with not only bone and soft tissue deficiencies being addressed but also: skeletal growth, dental/implant soft tissue parameters such as altered passive eruption and the morphology of the roots adjacent to the edentulous area. Post-extraction immediate loading is feasible in infected sites. The correct position of the fixture should follow widely accepted guidelines but the abutment morphologies play a role in the vestibular/palatal position of the implant. The long axis of the implant, aiming at the incisal edge of the future restorations, is the most appropriate implant position when a shoulder-less abutment is used and allows a restorative crown morphology with a cervical contour resembling a natural tooth. The use of a shoulder-less abutment gives more space for the tissue to grow compared with the traditional abutment with shoulder finish line.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário/métodos , Coroas , Dente Canino , Dente Suporte , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Incisivo , Qualidade de Vida , Extração Dentária
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29447308

RESUMO

This article describes a simplified technique for relining provisional prostheses on natural abutments that can be applied to this specific type of tooth preparation with feather-edge finish line. Starting from a diagnostic wax-up, a provisional fixed restoration is constructed, containing all the correct structural information. This includes the controlled depth of the prosthetic margin into the gingival sulcus, the emergence profile, and the area from the emergence profile to the gingival third. Chair time is saved during the clinical procedures because the finishing and polishing steps are shortened, and the resulting provisional restoration is precise and highly biocompatible. This technique allows for a simple and quick relining and finishing procedure and for the delivery of an esthetic and biocompatible provisional restoration.


Assuntos
Dente Suporte , Restauração Dentária Temporária/métodos , Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Humanos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29447323

RESUMO

The aim of the present survey was to define the most appropriate recall regimen and professional maintenance care protocol, identifying the main relative issues, based on a consensus of experts with long-term clinical experience. The survey consisted of 14 clinically relevant focused questions. The answers of each expert were aggregated to formulate clinical recommendations. The maintenance care protocol must be individually determined and a baseline condition identified. The recall frequency must have a specific periodicity, and bone levels must be radiographically checked at least every 2 years, unless specific needs require a shorter interval.


Assuntos
Consenso , Assistência Odontológica/normas , Implantes Dentários , Peri-Implantite/prevenção & controle , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Doença Crônica , Assistência Odontológica/métodos , Odontólogos , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Peri-Implantite/diagnóstico por imagem , Peri-Implantite/terapia , Doenças Periodontais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Radiografia Dentária , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Periodontol 2000 ; 77(1): 197-212, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29478284

RESUMO

An inevitable loss of soft and hard tissue after tooth extraction often results in a compromised site for anterior implant esthetics in both vertical and horizontal dimensions. Immediate implant placement and provisionalization has been a viable option for replacing failing maxillary anterior teeth as it preserves the vertical existing osseous and gingival architecture. With the simultaneous addition of soft- and hard-tissue grafts, the peri-implant horizontal tissue topography can also be maintained. The esthetic success of immediate implant placement and provisionalization procedures is influenced by a number of factors that can be identified as patient-dependent or clinician-dependent. This article describes in detail the process of patient selection, indications, contraindications, diagnosis, treatment planning and treatment execution required to achieve functional and esthetic success with immediate implant placement and provisionalization.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Estética Dentária , Gengiva/anatomia & histologia , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário/métodos , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia , Dente Canino , Humanos , Incisivo , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Seleção de Pacientes , Extração Dentária
14.
Implant Dent ; 27(1): 81-88, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29324516

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This article reports, after at least 10 years of follow-up, the comparative data of marginal bone loss (MBL) and periimplant soft tissue parameters, around implant with and without laser-microtextured (L) collar surface, previously reported at 3 years of follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty implants with L collar surface (test) were placed adjacent to 20 control implants with machined (M) collar surface in 15 partially edentulous patients, who were followed up for at least 10 years as part of a prospective longitudinal study. The plaque score, bleeding on probing (BoP) score, and probing depth (PD) were recorded at baseline and at each year follow-up examination. Mucosal recession (MR), and radiographic MBL were assessed at baseline and after at least 10 years. RESULTS: Four patients were lost during follow-up, so the number of implants that have been followed for at least 10 years was 32 (16 tests and 16 controls). At the end of the follow-up period, no significant differences were found between the study groups regarding the presence of plaque and BoP (P > 0.05). A statistically significant difference between test and control implant was found for mean PD (2.3 ± 0.7 mm vs 3.8 ± 0.8), MBL (1.23 ± 0.21 mm vs 2.8 ± 0.9 mm), and mean MR (1.08 ± 0.4 mm vs 2.46 ± 0.3 mm). CONCLUSION: Results suggest that after at least 10 years of function, implants with laser-microtexturing (L) collar surface, compared with implants with machined surface, lead to lower MBL and PD.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Implantes Dentários , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária/métodos , Perda do Osso Alveolar/epidemiologia , Perda do Osso Alveolar/etiologia , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Lasers , Masculino , Índice Periodontal , Radiografia Dentária
15.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res ; 20(1): 9-20, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29193558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several treatment options exist for the implant-supported rehabilitation of edentulous posterior maxilla. PURPOSE: To compare maxillary sinus floor augmentation associated to standard length implants, with direct placement of implants of reduced length in the available residual bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with edentulous posterior maxilla and a residual height of 4-7 mm were randomly allocated to the test (short implants [SIs], 6.5 to 8.5mm long) or the control (sinus augmentation [SA] and implants ≥10mm long) group. Anorganic bovine bone was the grafting material for the control group. In both groups pure platelet-rich plasma was used to bioactivate implant surface prior to insertion. Implant and prosthesis survival, clinical variables, radiographic bone level change, quality of life, and patient satisfaction were assessed. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were treated in the control group (58 standard length implants) and 27 in the test group (42 SIs). After 3 years of follow-up no implant failure and biological or mechanical complications were recorded. Marginal bone loss, soft tissue, and oral hygiene parameters were similar in the 2 groups at both 1 and 3 years' follow-up. Postoperative pain, swelling and other symptoms and daily activities were better in the SIs group than in the SA group, while patients' satisfaction after 1 year was similar. CONCLUSIONS: In spite of comparable medium-term clinical and radiographic outcomes, when the residual ridge height is sufficient for a safe placement, SIs may be preferred due to simplified protocol, less invasiveness, shorter treatment time, and reduced postoperative discomfort as compared to SA.


Assuntos
Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Implantes Dentários , Arcada Parcialmente Edêntula/reabilitação , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia , Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar , Adulto , Idoso , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Humanos , Maxila , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29249520

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a concern in patients taking anti-resorptive drugs. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that preoperative individualized pharmacologic control of the patient's osteometabolic profile could lead to predictable healing of the surgically treated region and minimize the incidence of complications. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study included 95 test patients (53 with osteoporosis and 42 with cancer), and 94 control patients (49 with osteoporosis and 45 with cancer) who were on anti-resorptive therapy and were candidates for ONJ treatment. Test patients underwent osteometabolic profile assessment and personalized pharmacologic supplementation before intervention. In all cases, a drug holiday was scheduled for 3 months before and at least 3 months after the intervention. Healing was assessed clinically and radiographically. RESULTS: In the test group, after a mean follow-up of 28.2 ± 7.8 months, there was only 1 ONJ recurrence, and it was successfully resolved after the pharmacologic protocol was resumed. Five patients reported minor complications. Overall, 100% treatment success was observed. In the control group, after 28.1 ± 4.9 months follow-up, 6 fistulae, 19 abscesses, and 34 dehiscences occurred. In total, 62.8% of patients in the control group had complications or adverse events. The difference between the 2 groups was highly significant. CONCLUSIONS: Strict osteometabolic control should be a routine measure in the management of patients taking anti-resorptive drugs.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/patologia , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/prevenção & controle , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/administração & dosagem , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Medicina de Precisão , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29023608

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the periodontal response of periodontally healthy teeth prosthetically restored using a featheredge finish line preparation combined with a light rotary curettage (gingittage). A total of 137 restored teeth were included in the study. Mean follow-up time was 18.2 months (range: 6 to 60 months). Bleeding on probing was noted in 18% of cases, while the Plaque Index was found to be 11%. The probing depth in 99.4% of cases was ≤ 3 mm. In only 7 cases (5.1%), a slight restoration margin exposure was recorded. Although randomized controlled studies with longer follow-up are advocated, the present investigation seems to suggest that this protocol is a viable procedure.


Assuntos
Prótese Dentária , Periodonto , Curetagem Subgengival , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Índice de Placa Dentária , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Periodontal , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
J Periodontal Implant Sci ; 47(4): 194-210, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28861284

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the healing of post-extraction sockets following alveolar ridge preservation clinically, radiologically, and histologically. METHODS: Overall, 7 extraction sockets in 7 patients were grafted with demineralised bovine bone mineral and covered with a porcine-derived non-crosslinked collagen matrix (CM). Soft tissue healing was clinically evaluated on the basis of a specific healing index. Horizontal and vertical ridge dimensional changes were assessed clinically and radiographically at baseline and 6 months after implant placement. For histological and histomorphometric analysis, bone biopsies were harvested from the augmented sites during implant surgery 6 months after the socket preservation procedure. RESULTS: Clinically, healing proceeded uneventfully in all the sockets. A trend towards reduced horizontal and vertical socket dimensions was observed from baseline to the final examination. The mean width and height of resorption were 1.21 mm (P=0.005) and 0.46 mm (P=0.004), respectively. Histologically, residual xenograft particles (31.97%±3.52%) were surrounded by either newly formed bone (16.02%±7.06%) or connective tissue (50.67%±8.42%) without fibrous encapsulation. The CM underwent a physiological substitution process in favour of well-vascularised collagen-rich connective tissue. CONCLUSIONS: Socket preservation using demineralised bovine bone mineral in combination with CM provided stable dimensional changes of the alveolar ridge associated with good re-epithelialisation of the soft tissues during a 6-month healing period.

19.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 32(4): 904-911, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28708922

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the long-term outcome of fixed prostheses supported by six implants, two of which were tilted, placed in the maxilla and immediately loaded more than 10 years earlier. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of implants placed between May 29, 2003 and February 12, 2005 and used to support immediately loaded fixed dental prostheses in the maxilla was conducted. The features of failed implants were analyzed. In the most recent follow-up visits, survival of individual implants and prostheses was verified, and modified Plaque Index as well as modified Sulcular Bleeding Index were assessed. Patients also filled out a questionnaire requiring graded responses from 0 (poor) to 10 (excellent) that was designed to assess their quality of life. RESULTS: A total of 162 implants were placed between May 29, 2003 and February 12, 2005 to support immediately loaded maxillary fixed prostheses of 27 totally edentulous patients (19 female, 8 male). Three patients (1 male, 2 female) dropped out, so 144 implants were followed up. Seven of the 144 original implants failed, corresponding to a survival rate of 95.1% over 10 years. All the failures occurred within 2 years after surgery. Patients' responses to the questionnaire produced an average score of 8.4 to 8.8, showing a relevant degree of satisfaction. CONCLUSION: Based upon this study of 27 patients who received immediately loaded maxillary full-arch fixed implant-supported prostheses supported by two tilted and four axial implants, it appears that this is a reliable procedure with a high long-term survival rate and a high level of patient satisfaction.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante/métodos , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Maxila/cirurgia , Boca Edêntula/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res ; 19(5): 833-840, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28744958

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess whether immediate implant placement into post-extraction sites presenting a chronic infection poses a greater risk of implant failure than immediate placement in non-infected sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of patients who underwent extraction and immediate implant placement into both infected and non-infected sites from January 1998 to September 2014 at 5 different dental centers were considered for inclusion. Included records were subjected to statistical analysis of survival rates, along with a number of other patient-, implant-, surgery-, and prosthesis-related variables. RESULTS: The inclusion criteria were met by 369 patients who received a total of 527 implants. The follow-up averaged 53.2 months (range 0.9-158.3) for implants placed into non-infected sockets (N = 334) and 50.1 months (range 1.6-146.1) for those placed into infected sites (N = 193). Seven implants failed in non-infected sites and 3 in infected ones. All failures occurred within 1 year of placement. Cumulative implant survival rate for non-infected and infected sites was, respectively, 97.9% ± 0.8% and 98.4% ± 0.9%, being not significantly different (P = .66). None of the investigated variables affected the outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Placement of implants into periodontally or endodontically infected sites immediately after tooth extraction is a safe option, even when the implants are loaded immediately or early.


Assuntos
Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , /complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Extração Dentária , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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