Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 56
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Hip Int ; : 11207000211044675, 2021 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538120

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The acetabular labrum plays an important role in joint lubrication, and damage to this structure leads to osteoarthritis. This study aimed to histologically classify the degree of degeneration of the acetabular labrum and to investigate the changes in gene expression induced by mechanical stretching. METHODS: We obtained acetabular labrum cells from patients with hip osteoarthritis during total hip arthroplasty (n = 25). The labrum was stained with safranin O, and images were histologically evaluated using a new parameter, the red/blue (R/B) value. The samples were divided into the degenerated group (D group: n = 18) and the healthy group (H group: n = 7) in accordance with the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade. The cultured acetabular labral cells were subjected to loaded uniaxial cyclic tensile strain (CTS). After CTS, changes in gene expression were examined in both groups. RESULTS: Spearman's correlation analysis revealed that the R/B value was significantly correlated with the KL grade and the Krenn score. The expression levels of genes related to cartilage metabolism, osteogenesis and angiogenesis significantly increased after CTS in the H group, while gene expression in the D group showed weaker changes after CTS than that in the H group compared to the nonstretched control group. CONCLUSIONS: The degree of labral degeneration could be classified histologically using the R/B value and the KL grade. Mechanical stretching caused changes in gene expression that support the pathological features of labral degeneration.

2.
J Int Med Res ; 49(6): 3000605211023336, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34187212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to elucidate the relationship between the duration from diagnosis to femoral head collapse and the collapse rate among patients with pre-collapse osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). METHODS: In this retrospective, observational, multicenter study, we analyzed 268 patients diagnosed with ONFH and classified them using the Japanese Investigation Committee classification. The primary endpoint was duration from the time of diagnosis to femoral head collapse for each type of ONFH. RESULTS: The 12-, 24-, and 36-month collapse rates among participants were 0%, 0%, and 0% for type A, respectively; 0%, 2.0%, and 10.8% for type B, respectively; 25.5%, 40.8%, and 48.5% for type C-1, respectively; and 57.4%, 70.3%, and 76.7% for type C-2 ONFH, respectively. A comparison of unilateral and bilateral ONFH, using Kaplan-Meier survival curves demonstrated similar collapse rates. CONCLUSIONS: The lowest collapse rate was observed for ONFH type A, followed by types B, C-1, and C-2. Additionally, a direct association was observed between the collapse rate and location of the osteonecrotic lesion on the weight-bearing surface.


Assuntos
Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur , Cabeça do Fêmur , Humanos , Japão , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Regen Med ; 16(6): 535-548, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075804

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the 2-year outcomes from a clinical trial of recombinant human FGF-2 (rhFGF-2) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Patients & methods: Sixty-four patients with nontraumatic, precollapse and large ONFHs were percutaneously administered with 800 µg rhFGF-2 contained in gelatin hydrogel. Setting the end point of radiological collapse, we analyzed the joint preservation period of the historical control. Changes in two validated clinical scores, bone regeneration and safety were evaluated. Results: Radiological joint preservation time was significantly higher in the rhFGF-2 group than in the control group. The ONFHs tended to improve to smaller ONFHs. The postoperative clinical scores significantly improved. Thirteen serious adverse events showed recovery. Conclusion: rhFGF-2 treatment increases joint preservation time with clinical efficacy, radiological bone regeneration and safety.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur , Cabeça do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/tratamento farmacológico , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Acta Med Okayama ; 75(2): 177-185, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953423

RESUMO

This retrospective study sought to elucidate the incidence rates of roof impaction (RI) and marginal impaction (MI) and radiological and clinical outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for RI and MI in geriatric acetabular fractures. The cases of 68 patients aged ≥ 65 years (mean 71 years) treated with ORIF were analyzed. MI was present in 12 fractures (67%) and an RI of the weight-bearing surface was present in 24 (46%) of the potential fracture types. Regarding the reduction quality, 54% of the reductions were graded as anatomical, 37% as imperfect, and 9% as poor. In the clinical evaluations of the 45 patients who had > 1-year follow-up (follow-up rate: 66.2%), 18% were graded as excellent, 53% as good, 16% as fair, and 13% as poor. An anatomic reduction was strongly associated with good or excellent clinical and radiological outcomes. CT was superior to radiographs for detecting the residual displacement postoperatively. Postoperative deep infection occurred in four patients. Three patients (6.7%) underwent a total hip arthroplasty conversion due to secondary osteoarthritis of the hip. We recommend ORIF as the preferred surgical treatment option for displaced acetabular fractures in elderly patients.

5.
Hip Int ; : 11207000211004917, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829902

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Residual acetabular dysplasia of the hip after open reduction can complicate the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) due to the potential need for corrective surgery. This retrospective study aimed to determine the predictive factors for acetabular development using postoperative radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 74 hips of patients with DDH who underwent open reduction after reaching walking age and were followed up radiologically until skeletal maturity. We evaluated the cartilaginous acetabulum and labrum using a new method that measures the cartilaginous and labral landmarks on coronal and axial MR T2*-weighted images in patients aged 5 years. The mean age at the time of surgery was 22 months and that at the final survey was 20 years. Severin classification was determined at the final follow-up. Groups with good (53 hips) and poor (21 hips) outcomes were compared using the postoperative radiographic and MRI parameters recorded at 5 years of age. Factors predicting acetabular development were identified using univariate and multiple logistic analyses. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the bony-acetabular index (AI) and centre-edge (CE) angle between the good and poor outcome groups. However, the poor outcome group had significantly larger cartilaginous- and labral-AIs but significantly smaller cartilaginous- and labral-CE angles than the good outcome group (both p < 0.05). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that labral-AI and labral-CE angle were predictors of acetabular development after open reduction for DDH, and their optimal cut-offs were 4° (77% sensitivity, 76% specificity) and 37° (68% sensitivity, 85% specificity), respectively. DISCUSSION: Normal cartilaginous acetabulum development occurs in childhood, and evaluation using only radiographs is difficult. However, labral-AI ⩾4° and labral-CE angle <37° on MRI at 5 years of age offer useful indications for corrective surgery in patients with DDH.

6.
Acta Med Okayama ; 75(1): 25-30, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649610

RESUMO

In bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA), it is important to preserve soft tissue to reduce the risk of postoperative dislocation. A variety of surgical approaches for BHA are available, but extra care is needed with muscle- and tendon-preserving approaches in geriatric patients. We investigated the usefulness of BHA using a conjoined tendon-preserving posterior (CPP) approach, in which only the external obturator muscle is dissected, in geri-atric patients. We retrospectively analyzed the cases of 40 femoral neck fracture patients (10 men, 30 women) aged ≥ 80 years who underwent BHA using the CPP approach. The patients' average age was 85.8 years (80-94 years). We examined the operation time, bleeding, preservation of short external rotator muscles, complica-tions, and stem alignment and subsidence from postoperative radiographs. Although gemellus inferior muscle injury was detected in 4 patients (10%), the hip joint stability was very excellent in all cases. There was no intraoperative fracture or postoperative dislocation. On postoperative radiographs, all femoral stems were in a neutral position. There was no stem subsidence in all 40 patients. BHA using the CPP approach appeared to be useful even in geriatric patients.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Luxação do Quadril/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/cirurgia , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tendões/cirurgia
7.
Acta Med Okayama ; 75(1): 71-77, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649616

RESUMO

Intra-operative acetabular fracture is a total hip arthroplasty complication that can occur during cementless cup insertion, especially in osteoporotic patients. We conducted this biomechanical study to investigate the impact resistance of the acetabulum with simulated bones of different density by drop-weight impact testing. Low- and high-density polyurethane foam blocks were used as osteoporotic and healthy bone models, respectively. Polyurethane blocks were used as the acetabular cancellous bone. Composite sheets were used as the acetabu-lum's medial cortex. The testing revealed that the osteoporotic bone model's impact resistance was significantly lower than that the healthy bone model'. In the healthy bone model, even thin acetabular cancellous bone with ≥ 1 mm acetabulum medial cortex was less likely to fracture. In the osteoporotic bone model, fracture was pos-sible without ≥ 1 mm medial cortex of the acetabulum and thick acetabular cancellous bone. Although impac-tion resistance differs due to bone quality, the impaction resistance in this osteoporotic bone model was equiv-alent to that healthy bone model's when a thick medial wall was present. To avoid intra-operative acetabulum fracture, surgeons should consider both the bone quality and the thicknesses of the medial cortex and acetabu-lar cancellous bone.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/patologia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Ósseas/prevenção & controle , Complicações Intraoperatórias/prevenção & controle , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Modelos Anatômicos
8.
J Orthop Sci ; 26(5): 896-901, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943300

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prevention and treatment for locomotive syndrome (LS) are important for extending healthy life expectancy. The 25-question geriatric locomotive function scale (GLFS-25) was developed to diagnose LS. The Fear-Avoidance model was proposed to explain pain chronicity. LS and chronic pain decrease activities of daily living; however, the relationships between LS and factors related to chronic pain in the Fear-Avoidance model are unknown. Objective of the current study was to assess the prevalence of LS and examine the factors of the Fear-Avoidance model and the GLFS-25 that affect the prevalence of LS in patients with chronic pain. METHODS: Participants included 281 patients (99 men, 182 women) aged over 40 years with chronic pain who visited our outpatient clinic for chronic pain. All participants completed the GLFS-25, numeric rating scale (NRS), pain catastrophizing scale (PCS), hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), and Athene insomnia scale (AIS). According to a GLFS-25 cutoff point, participants were divided into three groups (LS-2; GLFS-25 ≥ 16, LS-1; 7 ≤ GLFS-25 < 16, and non-LS; GLFS-25 < 7 points) and each parameter was compared among the groups, followed by multiple logistic regression analysis. Next, multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the factors associated with the GLFS-25. RESULTS: Of all 281 patients, 241 (85.8%) patients were diagnosed with LS-2. Univariate analysis revealed there were significant differences in NRS, PCS, HADS anxiety, HADS depression, and AIS among groups. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed PCS was significantly associated with LS-2 prevalence. The GLFS-25 was positively correlated with NRS, HADS depression, AIS in multiple linear regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: We found that patients with chronic pain in our outpatient clinic had a significant rate of LS-2. The prevalence of LS-2 was significantly correlate with pain catastrophizing, and the GLFS-25 was significantly correlated with higher pain intensity, depression, and insomnia.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Locomoção , Masculino , Limitação da Mobilidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
J Pediatr Orthop B ; 30(6): 509-514, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804881

RESUMO

Early prediction of future acetabular development is important to determine an additional surgery for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictive factors of acetabular development using MRI. We retrospectively investigated dislocated 40 hips and 34 normal hips in 37 pediatric patients (9 males and 28 females) with DDH who underwent open reduction after walking age. We evaluated the cartilaginous acetabulum and labrum of the patients using coronal MRI T2*-weighted images at 5 years of age. The mean age at the time of surgery was 22 months, and the mean age at the final survey was 19 years. We divided patients into two groups in accordance with the Severin classification at the final follow-up. Groups with good outcomes (affected 26 hips and unaffected 27 hips) and poor outcomes (14 hips and 7 hips) were compared using the MRI parameters on each side. Predictive factors of acetabular development were identified using univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses. Using multiple logistic regression analysis, labral acetabular roof depth and labral hip center distance at 5 years of age represented predictors after open reduction (odds ratio 0.27, P = 0.035; odds ratio 3.4, P = 0.028, respectively) on the affected side, and bony hip center distance represented a predictor on the unaffected side (odds ratio 2.6, P = 0.049). Acetabular development in the unaffected side could be predicted by bony assessment, while acetabular development in the affected side had to be assessed by labrum using MRI.

10.
Hip Int ; 31(5): 603-608, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The accuracies of various navigation systems in total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been described; however, the accuracy of cup orientation with an accelerometer-based navigation system has not been reported. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracies of computed tomography (CT)- and accelerometer-based navigation systems for cup orientation in THA. METHODS: In this prospective study, 30 patients who underwent cementless THA via anterolateral approach in the lateral decubitus position were analysed. A CT-based navigation system (30 hips) and an accelerometer-based navigation system (30 hips) were used simultaneously. The accuracy of cup orientation (absolute difference between intraoperative vs. postoperative measurements) was compared between the navigation systems using postoperative CT. RESULTS: The accuracy of cup inclination was 3.2 ± 2.4° in the CT-based navigation group and 4.1 ± 3.7° in the accelerometer-based navigation group (p = 0.3035). The accuracy of cup anteversion was 3.0° ± 2.5° in the CT-based navigation group and 6.8° ± 4.8° in the accelerometer-based navigation group. Cup anteversion was significantly more accurate with the CT-based navigation system than with accelerometer-based navigation (p = 0.0009). Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that the malposition in cup anteversion was positively correlated with the change in pelvic tilt and loosening of the reference antenna. CONCLUSIONS: Although, these results are only true for this specific accelerometer system, cup positioning was significantly more accurate with the CT-based navigation system than an accelerometer-based navigation in the lateral decubitus position. This is because of considerable discrepancies in the sagittal pelvic tilt, resulting in variability in cup anteversion angle with the use of an accelerometer-based navigation system.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Acelerometria , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 29(1): 44-50, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243503

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Bone morphological factors are important for menisci. Their association with medial meniscus posterior root tears, however, has not yet been studied. This study aimed to compare sagittal medial tibial slope and medial tibial plateau depth between knees with and without medial meniscus posterior root tears. METHODS: Nine healthy volunteers, 24 patients who underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and 36 patients who underwent medial meniscus posterior root pullout repair were included. Magnetic resonance imaging examinations were performed in the 10°-knee-flexed position. The medial tibial slope and medial tibial plateau depth were compared among the groups. RESULTS: In healthy volunteers, the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction group, and the medial meniscus posterior root tear group, the medial tibial slopes were 3.5° ± 1.4°, 4.0° ± 1.9°, and 7.2° ± 1.9°, respectively, and the medial tibial plateau depths were 2.1 ± 0.7 mm, 2.2 ± 0.6 mm, and 1.2 ± 0.5 mm, respectively. Patients with medial meniscus posterior root tears had a significantly steep medial tibial slope and shallow medial tibial plateau concavity compared to those of healthy volunteers (P < 0.01) and the anterior cruciate ligament group (P < 0.01). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, body mass index, medial tibial slope, and medial tibial plateau depth were significantly associated with medial meniscus posterior root tears. CONCLUSIONS: A steep posterior slope and a shallow concave shape of the medial tibial plateau are risk factors for medial meniscus posterior root tear. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III: Case-control study.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Joelho/epidemiologia , Meniscos Tibiais/patologia , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/epidemiologia , Adulto , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Traumatismos do Joelho/cirurgia , Modelos Logísticos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ruptura/cirurgia , Tíbia/cirurgia , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Orthop Sci ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) causes medial meniscus extrusion (MME) and leads to subchondral insufficiency fracture of the knee (SIFK). However, the progression of SIFK after MMPRT pullout repair remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the progression of SIFK and compare clinical outcomes in patients with SIFK to those without SIFK after MMPRT pullout repair. We hypothesized that the progression of SIFK would be prevented by MMPRT pullout repair, and clinical outcomes would improve in all patients. METHODS: The SIFK grade (1-4) was evaluated using T2-fat suppression magnetic resonance imaging. Thirty-eight patients without SIFK (n = 22) and with low-grade SIFK (1 and 2; n = 16) who underwent MMPRT pullout repair were included. Preoperative factors, such as the duration from injury to the time of magnetic resonance imaging/surgery (weeks), femorotibial angle (degree), MME (mm), and clinical outcomes were evaluated, as well as the progression of SIFK. RESULTS: SIFK was identified in only 9 patients (grade 1) postoperatively. Significantly improved clinical outcomes were observed in all patients. Preoperative femorotibial angle, MME, and duration from injury to the time of magnetic resonance imaging/surgery were 177.1 ± 1.5°, 3.2 ± 1.6 mm, and 6.4 ± 7.0/10.1 ± 7.5 weeks, respectively. No significant difference in preoperative factors and clinical outcomes was observed between patients with SIFK and those without SIFK. CONCLUSIONS: MMPRT pullout repair prevented the progression of low-grade SIFK and improved clinical outcomes in all patients, although bone contusions (grade 1 SIFK) were not completely healed within 1 year. MMPRT pullout repair could be a good treatment option for optimizing clinical outcomes in patients with low-grade SIFK.

13.
Oncol Lett ; 20(3): 2977-2986, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32782615

RESUMO

The effect of nivolumab and the relation between bone response and tumor control in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with bone metastases are not clear. The outcome of nivolumab monotherapy was investigated, and whether the response of bone metastases is useful as an early predictor of tumor control in patients with NSCLC with bone metastases was examined. The participants included 15 patients who received nivolumab monotherapy for NSCLC with bone metastases in our institution between 2015 and 2017. Tumor control was defined using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, version 1.1 (RECIST1.1). Response of bone metastases was assessed by the MD Anderson response criteria (MDA criteria). Responses according to RECIST1.1 and the MDA criteria were classified as responder (complete response or partial response) and non-responder [progressive disease (PD) or stable disease]. Progression-free survival (PFS) was investigated using the Kaplan-Meier method. With RECIST1.1, the overall response rate was 20%. Multivariate analysis showed that the MDA criteria were the only risk factor for patients with PD (RECIST1.1). Median PFS was 1.9 months, with PFS of 20% at 6 months. Univariate analysis showed that being a non-responder according to the MDA criteria was the only risk factor for PFS. In patients who were responders (MDA criteria) within 3 months, PFS was 83 and 50% at 3 and 6 months, respectively, though all non-responder (MDA criteria) patients converted to PD (RECIST1.1) within 3 months. Response according to RECIST1.1 was significantly correlated with response according to the MDA criteria (P<0.05). In patients who were both responders according to RECIST1.1 and the MDA criteria, time to response with the MDA criteria (1.4-2.0 months) was earlier than with RECIST1.1 (2.8-3.0 months) in all patients. In conclusion, application of the MDA criteria within 2 months of nivolumab monotherapy is useful for early prediction of response and prognosis in patients with NSCLC with bone metastases.

14.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 191, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32456647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mirogabalin, which is approved for the treatment of peripheral neuropathic pain in Japan, is a ligand for the α2δ subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels. Both pregabalin and mirogabalin act as nonselective ligands at the α2δ-1 and α2δ-2 subunits. Mirogabalin has a unique binding profile and long duration of action. Pregabalin has been reported to produce intolerable adverse effects in some patients. This study investigated outcomes associated with mirogabalin administration in patients with peripheral neuropathic pain who ceased treatment with pregabalin. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed peripheral neuropathic pain using the neuropathic pain screening questionnaire (NeP score) in 187 patients (58 men, 129 women) who were treated with mirogabalin. All patients had switched from pregabalin to mirogabalin due to lack of efficacy or adverse events. Differences in the treatment course (i.e., numeric rating scale (NRS) scores) were compared using one-way analysis of variance with Bonferroni post hoc tests. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 72.3 years (range, 30-94 years), and the mean duration of disease was 37 months (range, 3-252 months). After treatment with mirogabalin for 1 week, NRS scores significantly decreased compared with baseline and continued to decrease over time. After 8 weeks, NRS scores improved by ≥ 30% from baseline in 113 patients (69.3%). Twenty-four patients (12.8%) stopped mirogabalin treatment due to adverse events. Somnolence (26.7%), dizziness (12.3%), edema (5.9%), and weight gain (0.5%) were noted as adverse events of mirogabalin. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this investigation indicate that mirogabalin is safe and effective for reducing peripheral neuropathic pain.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/uso terapêutico , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Pregabalina/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 147, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inadequate acetabular component orientation is associated with postoperative impingement, dislocation, and accelerated polyethylene wear. Computed tomography (CT)-based navigation systems provide accuracy for total hip arthroplasty (THA) but are not available in all facilities. Accelerometer-based navigation systems are inexpensive, but their accuracy remains undetermined. This study compares the accuracy of cup orientation in THA using CT-based and accelerometer-based navigation systems. METHODS: This retrospective study included 35 consecutive patients (11 males, 24 females; mean age, 65 years) who underwent primary cementless THA via an anterolateral approach in the supine position. Both CT-based and accelerometer-based navigation systems were used simultaneously. The accuracy of cup orientation was compared between the two systems using postoperative CT. RESULTS: The accuracy of cup inclination was 2.7° ± 2.0° in the CT-based group and 3.3° ± 2.4° in the accelerometer-based group. The accuracy of cup anteversion was 2.8° ± 2.6° in the CT-based group and 3.4° ± 2.2° in the accelerometer-based group. No significant difference was observed in cup inclination (p = 0.29) or cup anteversion (p = 0.34) between CT-based and accelerometer-based navigation. CONCLUSIONS: The accuracy of cup positioning did not differ significantly between CT-based and accelerometer-based navigation systems.


Assuntos
Acelerometria/métodos , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Decúbito Dorsal , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Acetábulo/fisiologia , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuronavegação/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Decúbito Dorsal/fisiologia
16.
Oncol Lett ; 19(4): 3137-3144, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218864

RESUMO

Malignant spinal cord compression (MSCC) is a serious complication of cancers. The present study aimed to establish a multidisciplinary treatment system for urgent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and referral to orthopedists in order to prevent neurological deficits caused by MSCC. In the present study, the extent to which this system achieved early diagnosis and treatment and prevented MSCC-caused neurological deficits was examined. The records from patients with neurological deficits caused by MSCC before (between April 2007 and March 2012; group A) and after (between April 2012 and March 2017; group B) the establishment of the multidisciplinary system at the Shikoku Cancer Center (Ehime, Japan) were retrospectively evaluated. The numbers of patients with neurological deficits were 38 and 7 in groups A and B, respectively. All patients received radiotherapy. The incidence of neurological deficits was 13.2 and 3.4% in groups A and B, respectively (P<0.001). The proportion of patients with improvement in the severity of neurological deficits was 5.3 and 28.6% in groups A and B, respectively (P<0.001). The interval between physicians' recognition of a neurological deficit and MRI and the start of treatment, the number of cases, and the severity of neurological deficits were evaluated in groups A and B. The median interval between recognition of a neurological deficit by physicians and MRI was 3 and 0 days in groups A and B, respectively (P<0.001). The median interval between physicians' recognition of a neurological deficit and the start of treatment was 3 and 0 days in groups A and B, respectively (P<0.001). By using a multidisciplinary treatment system, the incidence and severity of neurological deficits following treatment were significantly improved. Therefore, the multidisciplinary treatment system used in the present study may be useful for early diagnosis, treatment and prevention of MSCC in patients with bone metastases.

17.
Acta Med Okayama ; 74(1): 7-15, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32099243

RESUMO

We investigated the relationship between the initial contact status and stress shielding in total hip arthroplasty (THA) using fit-and-fill type straight-stem implants. In addition we evaluated the clinical and radiographic outcomes. Subjects were 100 hips of 94 patients who underwent THA and were followed-up for ≥10 years. Contact areas with the femoral cortical bone were investigated according to the zonal distribution of Gruen using postoperative CT images. Depending on the number of contact areas, the patients were classified into high contact [HC], medium contact [MC], and low contact [LC] groups. Radiographic and clinical outcomes were evaluated. In the HC group (20 hips), severe stress shielding was observed in 12 hips, which was statistically significant (p=0.008). In the LC group (29 hips), mild stress shielding was observed in 27 hips which was statistically significant (p<0.001). No significant differences were observed among the 3 groups in clinical outcomes, Harris hip score (p=0.719) or Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score (p=0.301). In insertion of cementless collared fit-and-fill type straight-stem implants, severe late stress shielding of the femoral bone may occur if high contact of the femoral component is achieved. However, the degree of stress shielding does not result in adverse clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Prótese/instrumentação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Cabeça do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estresse Mecânico , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Acta Med Okayama ; 74(1): 77-81, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32099253

RESUMO

Idiopathic chondrolysis of the hip (ICH), a very rare disorder of unknown etiology, occurs mainly in female adolescents. Characterized by pain, limp, stiffness and radiological narrowing joint space from the rapid destruction of the articular cartilage, ICH sometimes results in ankyloses. We present the case of a 10-year-old girl diagnosed with ICH based on arthroscopic inspection and synovium biopsy. The femoral deformity appeared gradually, like a cam-type femoroacetabular impingement. She was treated with intensive rehabilitation and immunosuppressive drug. We later performed an arthroscopic bumpectomy for residual symptoms. She achieved a favorable outcome as a 15-year-old at the latest follow-up.


Assuntos
Doenças das Cartilagens/diagnóstico , Articulação do Quadril/patologia , Artroscopia , Doenças das Cartilagens/cirurgia , Doenças das Cartilagens/terapia , Criança , Feminino , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Knee ; 27(1): 132-139, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medial meniscus (MM) medial extrusion in the coronal plane does not always improve, even after repair. This study aimed to determine the extent of posteromedial extrusion of the MM during knee flexion before and after MM pullout repair using three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Data from 14 patients (mean age, 63.4 years; 86% female) who had undergone MM pullout repair at the current institution between August 2017 and October 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. The MRIs were performed pre-operatively and ≥3 months postoperatively. Three-dimensional MRIs of the tibial surface and MM were evaluated using Tsukada's measurement method before and after pullout repair. The expected center of MM posterior root attachment (point A), the point on the extruded edge of the MM farthest away from point A (point E), and the point of intersection of a line through the posteromedial corner of the medial tibial plateau and a line connecting points A and E (point I) were identified. Subsequently, the pre-operative and postoperative AE and IE distances were calculated and compared. RESULTS: Point E was laterally shifted by the pullout repair, whereas point I showed no significant change. The postoperative IE distance (6.7 mm) was significantly shorter than the pre-operative one (9.1 mm, P < 0.01). The postoperative AE distance (29.3 mm) was significantly shorter than the pre-operative one (31.5 mm, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The AE and IE distances significantly decreased after MM posterior root repair, suggesting that transtibial pullout repair may be useful in reducing posteromedial extrusion of the MM.


Assuntos
Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Meniscos Tibiais/cirurgia , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Meniscos Tibiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tíbia/cirurgia , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/classificação , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/diagnóstico por imagem
20.
Hip Int ; 29(5): 535-542, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30724114

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Adequate initial stability of the acetabular cup is essential for total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, changes in the alignment of the acetabular component caused by screw fixation are concerning in patients with inadequate bone stock. This study aimed to investigate the effects of screw fixation on the alignment of the acetabular component in THA patients with hip dysplasia. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 256 hips (range 28-87 years) that underwent THA using a navigation system. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the presence or absence of changes in the alignment of the intraoperative acetabular cup, and univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify factors that were predictive of changes in acetabular component alignment after screw fixation in 2 dimensions: inclination and anteversion. RESULTS: Screw fixation led to a mean change in inclination of 1.6° (range 0-10°) and a mean change in anteversion of 1.4° (range 0-14°). The Crowe classification, the presence of bone cysts, and the use of an inferior quadrant screw were identified as factors that correlated with acetabular cup alignment changes in inclination (odds ratios, 6.01, 5.94 and 0.03, respectively). Only the Crowe classification was identified as a factor that correlated with intraoperative alignment changes in anteversion (odds ratio, 2.08). CONCLUSIONS: Screw fixation altered the acetabular cup alignment. The inclination changes were related to the extent of the dysplasia, and the risk was reduced when the inferior quadrant screw was used. Surgeons should use caution during screw fixation in THAs performed on severely dysplastic hips.


Assuntos
Acetábulo , Parafusos Ósseos , Luxação Congênita de Quadril , Luxação do Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Luxação do Quadril/cirurgia , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...