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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(29): e26737, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398051

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Cutaneous metastasis (CM) occurs infrequently and usually presents during the later stages of cancer, and has a poor prognosis. Although there are insufficient current data, cancer treatment changes could have a positive impact on the outcome. This retrospective study aimed to review the pattern and prognosis of CM in patients with solid malignancy in a tertiary cancer center in Thailand.We reviewed the medical records of cancer patients diagnosed with CM between October 2009 and August 2015 at Chulabhorn Hospital, a tertiary cancer center in Thailand. Patients with primary skin cancer and hematological malignancies were excluded. We collected and analyzed data, including the time of cancer diagnosis and CM, type of cancer, clinical characteristics, and survival outcome.Of 11,418 patients, there were 33 (0.3%) were diagnosed with CM. Breast cancer was the most common primary cancer (12 cases, 36%). Skin nodules were commonly detected on the anterior chest wall. Also, 79% of CM patients had concomitant visceral metastasis. The median overall survival of those with CM was 9.21 months (95% confidence interval 4.75-83.38 months) regardless of presentation either at onset or disease recurrence (P = .083). However, the change of management was affected in 78% diagnosed with a later stage of CM. No statistical difference in survival was observed between breast cancer and non-breast cancer patients (8.79 vs 9.21 months, P = .613).Despite CM being a sign of poor prognosis, it may still be an indicator for changing cancer patients' treatment. Hence, early CM diagnosis and prompt novel therapy may positively affect outcomes for cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/secundário , Análise de Sobrevida , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Tailândia/epidemiologia
2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 4057661, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235215

RESUMO

Background: Primary cutaneous lymphomas (PCLs) refer to cutaneous lymphomas that primarily develop in the skin with no evidence of extracutaneous disease at the time of diagnosis. The epidemiological and clinical data of PCLs in Thailand are lacking. Objectives: To evaluate the frequency, demographic data, and clinical characteristics of different subtypes of PCLs in a tertiary care university hospital. Methods: In total, 137 patients with PCLs diagnosed in our hospital in 2008-2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Of the 137 patients, 57 (41.6%) were male and 80 (58.4%) were female (M : F = 1 : 1.4). The median age at diagnosis was 40 years. Most patients (134, 97.8%) had cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs). Three patients (2.2%) had cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (CBCLs). The most common subtype was mycosis fungoides (MF) (67.9%), followed by subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) (21.2%), primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (pcALCL) (3.6%), lymphomatoid papulosis (LyP) (1.5%), primary cutaneous gamma/delta T-cell lymphoma (pcGDTCL) (1.5%), Sézary syndrome (SS) (0.7%), extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL-NT) (0.7%), primary cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (pcPTCL-NOS) (0.7%), primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type (pcDLBCL-LT) (1.5%), and primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma (pcFCL) (0.7%). Most patients with MF presented with early-stage disease (84.0%), with hypopigmented MF the most common variant (42.6%). Conclusions: Compared to earlier Caucasian and Asian studies, the present study revealed a higher proportion of CTCL patients with a younger age at onset and a female predominance. MF was the most common CTCL subtype, followed by SPTCL. More than 80% of MF patients were diagnosed at an early stage.

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