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1.
J Neurovirol ; 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981437

RESUMO

A 71-year-old woman previously on rituximab treatment for rheumatoid arthritis presented with 2 years of progressive neurologic symptoms. She was found to have persistent hypogammaglobulinemia and B cell depletion despite rituximab discontinuation a year prior. MRI revealed diffuse meningeal enhancement along the entire neuroaxis. LP showed a CSF lymphocytic pleocytosis, elevated protein, and presence of enterovirus by PCR. The patient was hospitalized several times for progressive clinical and radiologic decline, though she had transient improvements following treatment with immunoglobulin therapy. Her CSF remained positive for enterovirus PCR for at least 12 months. Though two brain biopsies were non-diagnostic, pan-Enterovirus was ultimately identified using a high-throughput next-generation sequencing technique. She was treated with compassionate-use pocapavir with clinical stabilization at 4-month follow-up; however, she expired 8 months later from a bacterial pneumonia.

2.
Food Chem ; 366: 130583, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303203

RESUMO

Terpenoid metabolism at different developmental stages of Carya cathayensis was elucidated based on LC-MS/MS analysis and multi-omics. Terpenoid metabolites 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphoquinone and 3-hydroxybenzoic acid reached the maximum at 105 days after pollination (DAP) (P2 stage). To reveal the complex mechanism of C. cathayensis embryogenesis in relation to terpenoid metabolites (90-165 DAP), a metabolomic and transcriptional co-expression analysis was conducted. Based on RNA-Seq analysis, 679 genes of 1144 terpenoid biosynthesis were differentially expressed. Six terpenoid metabolites and 86 differentially expressed genes related to terpenoquinone metabolism were identified. Comprehensive analysis of metabolome and transcriptional data revealed that terpenoquinone accumulated in the early phase was active in the later phase. Overall, we profiled the transcriptome and metabolome changes in C. cathayensis during the developmental phase to investigate the metabolic pathways and candidate genes underlying the changes at different growth stages.


Assuntos
Carya , Cromatografia Líquida , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Terpenos , Transcriptoma
3.
Insects ; 12(12)2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34940198

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been recognized for its beneficial influence on physiological alterations. The development (body weight) and economic characteristics (cocoon weight, cocoon shell ratio, and cocoon shell weight) of silkworms were increased after continuous 7.5 µM H2S treatment. In the present study, gene expression changes in the fat body of silkworms at the 5th instar larvae in response to the H2S were investigated through comparative transcriptome analysis. Moreover, the expression pattern of significant differentially expressed genes (DEGs) at the 5th instar larvae was confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) after H2S exposure. A total of 1200 (DEGs) was identified, of which 977 DEGs were up-regulated and 223 DEGs were down-regulated. Most of the DEGs were involved in the transport pathway, cellular community, carbohydrate metabolism, and immune-associated signal transduction. The up regulated genes under H2S exposure were involved in endocytosis, glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, the citrate cycle (TCA cycle), and the synthesis of fibroin, while genes related to inflammation were down-regulated, indicating that H2S could promote energy metabolism, the transport pathway, silk synthesis, and inhibit inflammation in the silkworm. In addition, the expression levels of these genes were increased or decreased in a time-dependent manner during the 5th instar larvae. These results provided insight into the effects of H2S on silkworms at the transcriptional level and a substantial foundation for understanding H2S function.

4.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 11(11): 3493-3507, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900532

RESUMO

During the traumatic brain injury (TBI), improved expression of circulatory miR-21 serves as a diagnostic feature. Low levels of exosome-miR-21 in the brain can effectively improve neuroinflammation and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, reduce nerve apoptosis, restore neural function and ameliorate TBI. We evaluated the role of macrophage derived exosomes-miR-21 (M-Exos-miR-21) in disrupting BBB, deteriorating TBI, and Rg1 interventions. IL-1ß-induced macrophages (IIM)-Exos-miR-21 can activate NF-κB signaling pathway and induce the expressions of MMP-1, -3 and -9 and downregulate the levels of tight junction proteins (TJPs) deteriorating the BBB. Rg1 reduced miR-21-5p content in IIM-Exos (RIIM-Exos). The interaction of NMIIA-HSP90 controlled the release of Exos-miR-21, this interaction was restricted by Rg1. Rg1 could inhibit the Exos-miR-21 release in peripheral blood flow to brain, enhancing TIMP3 protein expression, MMPs proteolysis, and restricting TJPs degradation thus protected the BBB integrity. Conclusively, Rg1 can improve the cerebrovascular endothelial injury and hold the therapeutic potential against TBI disease.

5.
Food Funct ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821251

RESUMO

Formononetin (FMNT) is an isoflavone that has been studied for its anti-hyperglycemic and anti-diabetic effects. However, the effect of FMNT on gut dysbiosis and metabolic complications associated with western-style diet consumption has not been reported yet. This study aimed to investigate how FMNT can reshape the gut microbiota at a specific dosage and ameliorate the symptoms of obesity-related metabolic disorders in both genders. Results indicate that FMNT at 60 mg per kg bodyweight dosage can effectively control body weight, hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance, leptin levels and improve HDL to LDL ratio. FMNT treatment suppressed Porphyromonadaceae (Uncultured Alistipes) and augmented maximum genera from families Lachnospiraceae and Clostridiacea, but at species level, formononetin increased Clostridium aldenense, Clostridiaceae unclassified, Eubacterium plexicaum; acetate and butyrate-producing bacteria. Moreover, formononetin regulated the expression of specific liver miRNA involved in obesity and down-regulated mRNA expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-22 and TNF-α. Additionally, FMNT maintained intestinal membrane integrity by regulating the expression of Muc-2 and occludin. Our findings indicate that FMNT could be a potential prebiotic that can effectively regulate the gut microbiota, improve host metabolism and systemic inflammation, and prevent deleterious effects of a western-style diet by elevating acetate lactate and lactate butyrate producers.

6.
Food Chem X ; 12: 100148, 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761203

RESUMO

In recent years, Maillard peptides have attracted considerable attention of food researchers due to their distinct flavor properties in food processing. We investigated the structure and flavor properties of the newly developed low-sodium seasoning salt with sesame seed hydrolysate Maillard products (SSH-MRPs), cysteine Maillard products (Cys-MRPs), methionine Maillard products (Met-MRPs), and thiamine Maillard products (Thi-MRPs). Compared to the control group, the Cys-MRPs salt (CMS) had the smallest angle of repose, the highest bulk density, and the highest sensory score. The seasoning salt with SSH-MRPs (SMS) had appreciable hygroscopicity and thermal stability. The seasoning salt with Thi-MRPs (TMS) had the highest solubility. These MRPs seasoning salts showed better flavor characteristics and physicochemical properties, suggesting that MRPs can replace part of NaCl to develop new low sodium seasoning salts and promote their application in food flavoring systems.

7.
3 Biotech ; 11(10): 427, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603907

RESUMO

Nanocarriers-based immobilization strategies are a novel concept in the enhancement of enzyme stability, shelf life and efficiency. A wide range of natural and artificial supports have been assessed for their efficacy in enzyme immobilization. Nanomaterials epitomize unique and fascinating matrices for enzyme immobilization. These structures include carbon nanotubes, superparamagnetic nanoparticles and nanofibers. These nano-based supports offer stable attachment of enzymes, thus ensuring their reusability in diverse industrial applications. This review attempts to encompass recent developments in the critical role played by nanotechnology towards the improvement of the practical applicability of microbial enzymes. Nanoparticles are increasingly being used in combination with various polymers to facilitate enzyme immobilization. These endeavors are proving to be conducive for enzyme-catalyzed industrial operations. In recent years the diversity of nanomaterials has grown tremendously, thus offering endless opportunities in the form of novel combinations for various biotransformation experimentations. These nanocarriers are advantageous for both free enzymes and whole-cell immobilization, thus demonstrating to be relatively effective in several fermentation procedures.

8.
J Neurovirol ; 27(5): 727-734, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596868

RESUMO

The role of adjunctive corticosteroids in reducing morbidity and mortality of viral CNS infections remains poorly defined. Clinicians are often left in a quagmire regarding steroid use in complex and rapidly evolving viral CNS infections. Limited studies have explored the underlying mechanisms behind the potential benefit of steroids. Here, we describe steroid use in three cases of viral CNS disease: varicella zoster virus (VZV), Powassan virus, and influenza A-associated acute necrotizing encephalopathy.

9.
Neurology ; 97(23): e2269-e2281, 2021 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: One year after the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, we aimed to summarize the frequency of neurologic manifestations reported in patients with COVID-19 and to investigate the association of these manifestations with disease severity and mortality. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Medline, Cochrane library, ClinicalTrials.gov, and EMBASE for studies from December 31, 2019, to December 15, 2020, enrolling consecutive patients with COVID-19 presenting with neurologic manifestations. Risk of bias was examined with the Joanna Briggs Institute scale. A random-effects meta-analysis was performed, and pooled prevalence and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for neurologic manifestations. Odds ratio (ORs) and 95% CIs were calculated to determine the association of neurologic manifestations with disease severity and mortality. Presence of heterogeneity was assessed with I 2, meta-regression, and subgroup analyses. Statistical analyses were conducted in R version 3.6.2. RESULTS: Of 2,455 citations, 350 studies were included in this review, providing data on 145,721 patients with COVID-19, 89% of whom were hospitalized. Forty-one neurologic manifestations (24 symptoms and 17 diagnoses) were identified. Pooled prevalence of the most common neurologic symptoms included fatigue (32%), myalgia (20%), taste impairment (21%), smell impairment (19%), and headache (13%). A low risk of bias was observed in 85% of studies; studies with higher risk of bias yielded higher prevalence estimates. Stroke was the most common neurologic diagnosis (pooled prevalence 2%). In patients with COVID-19 ≥60 years of age, the pooled prevalence of acute confusion/delirium was 34%, and the presence of any neurologic manifestations in this age group was associated with mortality (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.11-2.91). DISCUSSION: Up to one-third of patients with COVID-19 analyzed in this review experienced at least 1 neurologic manifestation. One in 50 patients experienced stroke. In those >60 years of age, more than one-third had acute confusion/delirium; the presence of neurologic manifestations in this group was associated with nearly a doubling of mortality. Results must be interpreted with the limitations of observational studies and associated bias in mind. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42020181867.

10.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-18, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669530

RESUMO

With the advances in Polygonatum research, there is a huge interest in harnessing the valuable functional ingredients of this genus with the potential for functional foods. This review emphasizes the different aspects of Ploygonatum based research starting from its bioactive compounds, their structural characterization, various extraction methods, as well as biological activities. In view of its integral use as an essential medicinal plant, our review emphasizes on its promising food applications both as an ingredient and as a whole food, and its improved health benefits with potential for agricultural and environmental relevance are also discussed. As we collated the recent research information, we present the main challenges and limitations of the current research trend in this area which can upgrade the further expansion of Polygonatum-related research that will strengthen its economic and accessible nutritional value in the food and health industries. By highlighting the need for the unattended species, this review not only fills existing research gaps, but also encourages the researchers to find new avenues for the natural production of bio-based functional materials and the development of highly functional and health-promoting foods for disease prevention and treatment.

11.
Neurohospitalist ; 11(4): 333-341, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34567394

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: Neurohospitalists play an important role in, and have been variably affected by, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. In this study, we survey neurohospitalists to characterize practice changes and the impact of the pandemic on their well-being. Methods: A 22-item survey was distributed to neurohospitalists through the Neurohospitalist Society and the American Academy of Neurology Neurohospitalist, Stroke & Vascular Neurology, and Critical Care & Emergency Neurology Sections. Results: After 2 weeks of collection, 123 responses were received, with 57% of respondents practicing in academic settings, 23% in private practice, and 7% in community hospitals. A minority of neurohospitalists (8%) were redeployed to care for COVID-19 or non-COVID-19 medicine patients. The most common neurologic diagnoses they reported in COVID-19 patients were delirium (85%), cerebrovascular events (75%), and seizure (35%); however, most neurohospitalists (59%) had evaluated fewer than 10 patients with COVID-19. Respondents observed that fewer patients with unrelated neurological diseases were admitted to the hospital compared to before the pandemic. Neurohospitalists experienced changes in administrative (27%), educational (15%), and research duties (11%), and had overall worse well-being and work-life balance (77%). Conclusions: The most common neurologic diagnoses seen in COVID-19 patients by neurohospitalists in this sample are delirium, cerebrovascular disease, and seizure. Though the majority of survey respondents reported not being primary frontline providers, they report key clinical and operational roles during the pandemic, and report worse well-being as compared to before the pandemic. Our data suggests that there are opportunities to improve neurohospitalists' experience through flexible work practices and providing family care support.

12.
Food Chem X ; 11: 100127, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485895

RESUMO

In the present study, camellia seed meal Maillard reaction products (MRPs) were prepared using camellia seed meal protein as a raw material. The effects of MR on protein structure and volatile components of camellia seed meal were investigated by fluorescence, UV absorption, infrared spectroscopy, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Not only the change of amino acid content in MRPs, but also the antioxidant capacity of MRPs and the antioxidant capacity after in vitro digestion were determined. Our result showed that the ratio of essential amino acids in R-MRPs was increased and the antioxidant activity was the highest. For the potential of MRPs as flavoring, our sensory evaluation results showed improved flavor and antioxidant activity of camellia seed meal after MR which can be used as flavoring agents at industrial level.

13.
Neurology ; 97(16): 767-775, 2021 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475124

RESUMO

The spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has triggered a global effort to rapidly develop and deploy effective and safe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccinations. Vaccination has been one of the most effective medical interventions in human history, although potential safety risks of novel vaccines must be monitored, identified, and quantified. Adverse events must be carefully assessed to define whether they are causally associated with vaccination or coincidence. Neurologic adverse events following immunizations are overall rare but with significant morbidity and mortality when they occur. Here, we review neurologic conditions seen in the context of prior vaccinations and the current data to date on select COVID-19 vaccines including mRNA vaccines and the adenovirus-vector COVID-19 vaccines, ChAdOx1 nCOV-19 (AstraZeneca) and Ad26.COV2.S Johnson & Johnson (Janssen/J&J).


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/epidemiologia , Vacinação/tendências , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Vacina contra Sarampo-Caxumba-Rubéola/administração & dosagem , Vacina contra Sarampo-Caxumba-Rubéola/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/diagnóstico , Vacinas contra Poliovirus/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Poliovirus/efeitos adversos , Vacinação/efeitos adversos
14.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 709197, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34394165

RESUMO

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) has always been known as a health-promoting oilseed crop because of its nutrient-rich oil. In recent years, studies have focused on lipid and fatty acid (FA) biosynthesis in various plants by high-throughput sequencing. Here, we integrated transcriptomics, small RNAs, and the degradome to establish a comprehensive reserve intensive on key regulatory micro RNA (miRNA)-targeting circuits to better understand the transcriptional and translational regulation of the oil biosynthesis mechanism in sesame seed development. Deep sequencing was performed to differentially express 220 miRNAs, including 65 novel miRNAs, in different developmental periods of seeds. GO and integrated KEGG analysis revealed 32 pairs of miRNA targets with negatively correlated expression profiles, of which 12 miRNA-target pairs were further confirmed by RT-PCR. In addition, a regulatory co-expression network was constructed based on the differentially expressed gene (DEG) profiles. The FAD2, LOC10515945, LOC105161564, and LOC105162196 genes were clustered into groups that regulate the accumulation of unsaturated fatty acid (UFA) biosynthesis. The results provide a unique advanced molecular platform for the study of lipid and FA biosynthesis, and this study may serve as a new theoretical reference to obtain increased levels of UFA from higher-quality sesame seed cultivars and other plants.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201529

RESUMO

The emergence of immune-based treatments for cancer has led to a growing field dedicated to understanding and managing iatrogenic immunotoxicities that arise from these agents. Immune-related adverse events (irAEs) can develop as isolated events or as toxicities affecting multiple body systems. In particular, this review details the neurological irAEs from immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell immunotherapies. The recognition and treatment of neurological irAEs has variable success, depending on the severity and nature of the neurological involvement. Understanding the involved mechanisms, predicting those at higher risk for irAEs, and establishing safety parameters for resuming cancer immunotherapies after irAEs are all important fields of ongoing research.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/efeitos adversos , Imunoterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/terapia , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Antígeno CTLA-4/antagonistas & inibidores , Encefalite/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Meningite Asséptica/induzido quimicamente , Meningite Asséptica/imunologia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Síndromes Paraneoplásicas/induzido quimicamente , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/imunologia
16.
Food Chem ; 365: 130463, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224935

RESUMO

Lately, plant derived proteins have been used extensively to produce Maillard reaction products (MRPs) for the preparation of various functional food products. We evaluated the effects of cysteine (Cys), methionine (Met), and thiamine (Thi) on the color and flavor development of MRPs derived from sesame seed meal. Compared with the MRPs of sesame seed hydrolysate (SSH), Cys-MRPs had the strongest antioxidant activity and fluorescence intensity, showing the stronger taste and overall acceptability. These MRPs contained the highest sulfur compounds which resulted into stronger meat flavor. Moreover, the content of free amino acids in Met-MRPs was the highest. Compared with MRPs of SSH alone, MRPs with different sulfur content had better flavor characteristics and physicochemical properties, which entail their usage in different food ingredients.


Assuntos
Sesamum , Paladar , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada , Temperatura Alta , Reação de Maillard , Sementes , Enxofre
17.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 10(7)2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208813

RESUMO

In this study, bio-nanocomposite films containing different proportions of ginger essential oil (GEO), chitosan (Ch), and montmorillonite (MMT) were prepared and characterized, and the antibacterial effect of bio-nanocomposite films on chilled beef was evaluated. Fourier transform infrared analysis showed a series of intense interactions among the components of the bio-nanocomposite films. The infiltration of GEO increased the thickness of the film, reduced the tensile strength of the film, and increased the percentage of breaking elongation and the water vapor permeability. The migration of phenols in the films began to increase exponentially and reached equilibrium at about 48 h. The bio-nanocomposite films (Ch +0.5% GEO group, and Ch + MMT + 0.5% GEO group) effectively delayed the rise of pH, hue angle, and moisture values of chilled beef with time and slowed down the lipid oxidation and the growth of surface microorganisms on chilled beef. Altogether, the prepared biological nanocomposites can be used as promising materials to replace commercial and non-degradable plastic films.

18.
Neurocrit Care ; 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34184176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prevalence and etiology of unconsciousness are uncertain in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We tested the hypothesis that increased inflammation in COVID-19 precedes coma, independent of medications, hypotension, and hypoxia. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 3203 hospitalized patients with COVID-19 from March 2 through July 30, 2020, in New York City with the Glasgow Coma Scale and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) scores. We applied hazard ratio (HR) modeling and mediation analysis to determine the risk of SIRS score elevation to precede coma, accounting for confounders. RESULTS: We obtained behavioral assessments in 3203 of 10,797 patients admitted to the hospital who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. Of those patients, 1054 (32.9%) were comatose, which first developed on median hospital day 2 (interquartile range [IQR] 1-9). During their hospital stay, 1538 (48%) had a SIRS score of 2 or above at least once, and the median maximum SIRS score was 2 (IQR 1-2). A fivefold increased risk of coma (HR 5.05, 95% confidence interval 4.27-5.98) was seen for each day that patients with COVID-19 had elevated SIRS scores, independent of medication effects, hypotension, and hypoxia. The overall mortality in this population was 13.8% (n = 441). Coma was associated with death (odds ratio 7.77, 95% confidence interval 6.29-9.65) and increased length of stay (13 days [IQR 11.9-14.1] vs. 11 [IQR 9.6-12.4]), accounting for demographics. CONCLUSIONS: Disorders of consciousness are common in hospitalized patients with severe COVID-19 and are associated with increased mortality and length of hospitalization. The underlying etiology of disorders of consciousness in this population is uncertain but, in addition to medication effects, may in part be linked to systemic inflammation.

19.
J Neurol Sci ; 427: 117532, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vaccine induced immune mediated thrombocytopenia or VITT, is a recent and rare phenomenon of thrombosis with thrombocytopenia, frequently including cerebral venous thromboses (CVT), that has been described following vaccination with adenovirus vaccines ChAdOx1 nCOV-19 (AstraZeneca) and Ad26.COV2·S Johnson and Johnson (Janssen/J&J). The evaluation and management of suspected cases of CVT post COVID-19 vaccination are critical skills for a broad range of healthcare providers. METHODS: A collaborative comprehensive review of literature was conducted among a global group of expert neurologists and hematologists. FINDINGS: Strategies for rapid evaluation and treatment of the CVT in the context of possible VITT exist, including inflammatory marker measurements, PF4 assays, and non-heparin anticoagulation.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Trombose Venosa , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação/efeitos adversos , Trombose Venosa/terapia
20.
Food Chem ; 363: 130276, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144426

RESUMO

To prepared Maillard reaction products (MRPs) enriched with chicken flavor, the effects of chicken fats on peony seed-derived MRPs were evaluated. The thermal treatments, lipase enzymatic hydrolysis and lipoxygenase with subsequent mild thermal treatments were applied to oxidized chicken fats before their use in the Maillard reaction. Different oxidized chicken fats led to diverse chemical properties and varied volatile compounds. The addition of oxidized chicken fat increased the meaty of MRPs. The chicken fat promoted the Maillard reaction, which produced more oxygenated compounds; however, it reduced the sulfur compounds. Correlation analysis of the chemical properties of chicken fat and the major volatile compounds showed that by controlling the chemical properties of chicken fat, it might be possible to control the content of some volatile compounds of chicken fat and MRPs. Our data elucidated that chicken fat contributes to the development of meat flavors after oxidation and thermal treatments.


Assuntos
Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada , Paeonia , Animais , Galinhas , Aromatizantes , Reação de Maillard , Carne/análise
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