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1.
Liver Cancer ; 10(3): 224-239, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239809

RESUMO

Introduction: Real-world management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is crucially challenging in the current rapidly evolving clinical environment which includes the need for respecting patient preferences and autonomy. In this context, regional/national treatment guidelines nuanced to local demographics have increasing importance in guiding disease management. We report here real-world data on clinical outcomes in HCC from a validation of the Consensus Guidelines for HCC at the National Cancer Centre Singapore (NCCS). Method: We evaluated the NCCS guidelines using prospectively collected real-world data, comparing the efficacy of treatment received using overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Treatment outcomes were also independently evaluated against 2 external sets of guidelines, the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) and Hong Kong Liver Cancer (HKLC). Results: Overall treatment compliance to the NCCS guidelines was 79.2%. Superior median OS was observed in patients receiving treatment compliant with NCCS guidelines for early (nonestimable vs. 23.5 months p < 0.0001), locally advanced (28.1 vs. 22.2 months p = 0.0216) and locally advanced with macrovascular invasion (10.3 vs. 3.3 months p = 0.0013) but not for metastatic HCC (8.1 vs. 6.8 months p = 0.6300), but PFS was similar. Better clinical outcomes were seen in BCLC C patients who received treatment compliant with NCCS guidelines than in patients with treatment only allowed by BCLC guidelines (median OS 14.2 vs. 7.4 months p = 0.0002; median PFS 6.1 vs. 4.0 months p = 0.0286). Clinical outcomes were, however, similar for patients across all HKLC stages receiving NCCS-recommended treatment regardless of whether their treatment was allowed by HKLC. Conclusion: The high overall compliance rate and satisfactory clinical outcomes of patients managed according to the NCCS guidelines confirm its validity. This validation using real-world data considers patient and treating clinician preferences, thus providing a realistic analysis of the usefulness of the NCCS guidelines when applied in the clinics.

2.
Nucl Med Commun ; 41(7): 618-628, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282629

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancers are aggressive tumors with poor prognosis. Prostate-specific membrane antigen-targeted radionuclide therapy is a potential treatment for these patients. Here, we report our initial experience in Singapore. METHODS: Twenty men (median age 70) with progressive disease were prospectively recruited. Prostate-specific membrane antigen and fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/computed tomography were performed to confirm high prostate-specific membrane antigen-expression. Up to four cycles of lutetium-prostate-specific membrane antigen-I&T at 6-8 weekly intervals were administered. Patients were restaged 3 months following treatment. Primary endpoints were prostate-specific antigen decline ≥50% and treatment-related toxicity. Additional endpoints included radiological and clinical response as well as progression-free survival and overall survival from first cycle. RESULTS: Sixty-seven cycles were administered (median 4 cycles per patient, mean 6.5 GBq per cycle). Sixty five percent had ≥1 line of prior chemotherapy, 90% abiraterone, enzalutamide or both, and 30% radium-223 radionuclide therapy. All had bone metastases and 35% had visceral metastases. Prostate-specific antigen decline ≥50% was achieved in 50%. Grade 3-4 hematotoxicity was seen in up to 15%. Grade 3-4 non-hematotoxicity was not observed. Eleven patients had restaging scans 3 months post-treatment (5 = partial response, 6 = progressive disease). Fifty-seven percent (4/7) with bone pain had pain improvement. Median progression-free survival was 5.9 months and median overall survival 13.1 months. Patients with prostate-specific antigen decline ≥50% had longer progression-free survival and overall survival. CONCLUSION: Lutetium-prostate-specific membrane antigen-I&T therapy is effective with tolerable side effects in our local setting. Prostate-specific antigen decline ≥50% is associated with longer progression-free survival and overall survival.


Assuntos
Calicreínas/metabolismo , Lutécio/uso terapêutico , Antígeno Prostático Específico/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Radioisótopos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Lutécio/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/etiologia , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Radioisótopos/efeitos adversos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 47(10): 2322-2327, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140802

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We analysed quantitative biomarkers derived from both baseline whole-body imaging and blood serum to identify prognostic markers in patients treated within the lutetium-177 prostate-specific membrane antigen (LuPSMA) phase 2 trial. METHODS: PET image analysis was carried out using whole-body segmentation quantifying molecular tumour volume (SUV > 3 threshold for PSMA, SUV > liver+2sd for fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) including SUVmax and SUVmean. For baseline bone scans, EXINI bone scan index (BSI) was used to calculate the percentage of involved bone. Baseline alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), prostate specific antigen (PSA) and PSA doubling time were also used in this analysis. We used univariate cox regression analysis and log-rank comparison with optimised cut-offs to find suitable biomarkers prognostic of overall survival from time of enrolment. RESULTS: This analysis identified FDG-positive tumour volume (FDGvol; HR 2.6; 95% CI, 1.4-4.8), mean intensity of PSMA-avid tumour uptake (PSMAmean; HR 0.89; 95% CI, 0.8-0.98), bone scan index (BSI; HR 2.3; 95% CI, 1.2-4.4), ALP (HR 1.1; 95% CI, 1-1.2) and LDH (HR 1.2; 95% CI, 1-1.5) as biomarkers prognostic of overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to established biomarkers, both FDG and PSMA PET/CT parameters have prognostic significance for survival in men undergoing LuPSMA therapy.


Assuntos
Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração , Dipeptídeos , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel , Humanos , Lutécio , Masculino , Prognóstico , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/diagnóstico por imagem , Radioisótopos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Endocrine ; 69(1): 126-132, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112240

RESUMO

CONTEXT: To prepare for radioactive iodine therapy in post total thyroidectomy patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC), either thyroid hormone withdrawal (THW) or administration of recombinant human thyrotropin (rhTSH) can be performed. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to compare quality of life (QoL) parameters using the SF-36v2 questionnaire (Short Form health survey) and a self-evaluated item, and the hypothyroid status using modified Billewicz scores in an Asian population undergoing either THW or rhTSH for remnant ablation or adjuvant treatment following total thyroidectomy for WDTC. We will also assess the proportion of patients achieving TSH level of >30 mU/L after 4 weeks of thyroid hormone withdrawal. RESULTS: Patients in the rhTSH group were better in the QoL domains of physical functioning, role functioning/physical and bodily pain, while patients in THW group were better in mental health. This was however, not statistically significant. Modified Billewicz scores were higher in patients in THW group as compared with rhTSH group and statistically significant. A total of 96.3% of patients achieved TSH level >30 mU/L after 4 weeks of THW. CONCLUSION: Clinical symptoms and signs of hypothyroidism as assessed with modified Billewicz scores were statistically significantly higher in the THW group. However, there was no statistically significant difference in QoL in the rhTSH group.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo , Proteínas Recombinantes , Hormônios Tireóideos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia , Tireotropina
5.
J Nucl Med ; 61(6): 857-865, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732676

RESUMO

177Lu-PSMA-617 is a radioligand with high affinity for prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), enabling targeted ß-irradiation of prostate cancer. We have previously reported favorable activity with low toxicity in a prospective phase II trial involving 30 men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. We now report their longer-term outcomes, including a 20-patient extension cohort and outcomes of subsequent systemic treatments after completion of trial therapy. Methods: Fifty patients with PSMA-avid metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who had progressed after standard therapies received up to 4 cycles of 177Lu-PSMA every 6 wk. Endpoints included prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response (Prostate Cancer Working Group 2), toxicity (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.03), imaging response, patient-reported health-related quality of life, progression-free survival, and overall survival. We also describe, as a novel finding, outcomes of men who subsequently progressed and had further systemic therapies, including 177Lu-PSMA. Results: Seventy-five men were screened to identify 50 patients eligible for treatment. Adverse prognostic features of the cohort included short median PSA doubling time (2.3 mo) and extensive prior treatment, including prior docetaxel (84%), cabazitaxel (48%), and abiraterone or enzalutamide (92%). The mean administered radioactivity was 7.5 GBq/cycle. A PSA decline of at least 50% was achieved in 32 of 50 patients (64%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 50%-77%), including 22 patients (44%; 95% CI, 30%-59%) with at least an 80% decrease. Of 27 patients with measurable soft-tissue disease, 15 (56%) achieved an objective response by RECIST 1.1. The most common toxicities attributed to 177Lu-PSMA were self-limiting G1-G2 dry mouth (66%), transient G1-G2 nausea (48%), G3-G4 thrombocytopenia (10%), and G3 anemia (10%). Brief Pain Inventory severity and interference scores decreased at all time points, including at the 3-mo follow-up, with a decrease of -1.2 (95% CI, -0.5 to -1.9; P = 0.001) and -1.0 (95% CI, -0.2 to -0.18; P = 0.013), respectively. At a median follow-up of 31.4 mo, median overall survival was 13.3 mo (95% CI, 10.5-18.7 mo), with a significantly longer survival of 18.4 mo (95% CI, 13.8-23.8 mo) in patients achieving a PSA decline of at least 50%. At progression after prior response, further 177Lu-PSMA was administered to 15 (30%) patients (median of 2 cycles commencing 359 d from enrollment), with a PSA decline of at least 50% in 11 patients (73%). Four of 21 patients (19%) receiving other systemic therapies on progression experienced a PSA decline of at least 50%. There were no unexpected adverse events with 177Lu-PSMA retreatment. Conclusion: This expanded 50-patient cohort of men with extensive prior therapy confirms our earlier report of high response rates, low toxicity, and improved quality of life with 177Lu-PSMA radioligand therapy. On progression, rechallenge 177Lu-PSMA demonstrated higher response rates than other systemic therapies.


Assuntos
Dipeptídeos/uso terapêutico , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/radioterapia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/uso terapêutico , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dipeptídeos/efeitos adversos , Seguimentos , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Lutécio , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Retratamento
6.
Eur Urol Oncol ; 2(6): 670-676, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is overexpressed in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and represents a target for imaging and therapy. We undertook a prospective trial of 177Lu-PSMA-617 radioligand therapy in men with high PSMA expression who progressed after standard therapies. OBJECTIVE: To determine outcomes for men screened for the trial but not treated because of low PSMA expression. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients screened with 68Ga-PSMA-11 and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography in a prospective trial. Patients ineligible for enrolment with low PSMA expression or FDG-positive PSMA-negative (discordant FDG-avid) disease were assessed. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Subsequent treatments received were recorded. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to determine overall survival from date of screening. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Sixteen patients (24%) had low PSMA expression (n=8) or discordant FDG-avid disease (n=8). The median prostate-specific antigen doubling-time was 2.1mo. Eleven patients had Gleason ≥8 disease. All patients had previously progressed after docetaxel, 44% after cabazitaxel, and 94% after abiraterone and/or enzalutamide. Nine patients had subsequent systemic antitumour treatment. Fifteen patients died, with median OS of 2.5mo (95% confidence interval 1.7-5.0). Study limitations include uncertainty for imaging thresholds that define low PSMA expression. It is also possible that theranostic therapy could have improved survival in this cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Low PSMA expression or discordant FDG-avid disease in patients with mCRPC who progress after conventional therapies identifies a group with poor prognosis and short survival. PATIENT SUMMARY: The 177Lu-PSMA-617 radioligand may be an effective therapy for patients with advanced prostate cancer who progress after standard therapies. In this report we looked at outcomes for patients who were not eligible for this novel therapy on the basis of low prostate-specific membrane antigen uptake on screening positron emission tomography scans. We found that their outcomes were poor, with short survival.


Assuntos
Dipeptídeos/uso terapêutico , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/radioterapia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos de Superfície/biossíntese , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Glutamato Carboxipeptidase II/biossíntese , Humanos , Lutécio , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 53(2): 96-101, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31057680

RESUMO

The concept of theranostics, where individual patient-level biological information is used to choose the optimal therapy for that individual, has become more popular in the modern era of 'personalised' medicine. With the growth of theranostics, nuclear medicine as a specialty is uniquely poised to grow along with the ever-increasing number of concepts combining imaging and therapy. This special report summarises the status and growth of Theranostic Nuclear Medicine in Singapore. We will cover our experience with the use of radioiodine, radioiodinated metaiodobenzylguanidine, peptide receptor radionuclide therapy, prostate specific membrane antigen radioligand therapy, radium-223 and yttrium-90 selective internal radiation therapy. We also include a section on our radiopharmacy laboratory, crucial to our implementation of theranostic principles. Radionuclide theranostics has seen tremendous growth and we hope to be able to grow alongside to continue to serve the patients in Singapore and in the region.

8.
J Nucl Med ; 60(4): 517-523, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30291192

RESUMO

177Lu-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-617 enables targeted delivery of ß-particle radiation to prostate cancer. We determined its radiation dosimetry and relationships to pretherapeutic imaging and outcomes. Methods: Thirty patients with prostate cancer receiving 177Lu-PSMA-617 within a prospective clinical trial (ACTRN12615000912583) were studied. Screening 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT demonstrated high PSMA expression in all patients. After therapy, patients underwent quantitative SPECT/CT at 4, 24, and 96 h. Pharmacokinetic uptake and clearance at a voxel level were calculated and translated into absorbed dose using voxel S values. Volumes of interest were drawn on normal tissues and tumor to assess radiation dose, and a whole-body tumor dose was defined. Correlations between PSMA PET/CT parameters, dosimetry, and biochemical and therapeutic response were analyzed to identify relationships between absorbed dose, tumor burden, and patient physiology. Results: Mean absorbed dose to kidneys, submandibular and parotid glands, liver, spleen, and bone marrow was 0.39, 0.44, 0.58, 0.1, 0.06, and 0.11 Gy/MBq, respectively. Median whole-body tumor-absorbed dose was 11.55 Gy and correlated with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response at 12 wk. A median dose of 14.1 Gy was observed in patients achieving a PSA decline of at least 50%, versus 9.6 Gy for those achieving a PSA decline of less than 50% (P < 0.01). Of 11 patients receiving a tumor dose of less than 10 Gy, only one achieved a PSA response of at least 50%. On screening PSMA PET, whole-body tumor SUVmean correlated with mean absorbed dose (r = 0.62), and SUVmax of the parotids correlated with absorbed dose (r = 0.67). There was an inverse correlation between tumor volume and mean dose to the parotids (r = -0.41) and kidneys (r = -0.43). The mean parotid dose was also reduced with increasing body mass (r = -0.41) and body surface area (r = -0.37). Conclusion: 177Lu-PSMA-617 delivers high absorbed doses to tumor, with a significant correlation between whole-body tumor dose and PSA response. Patients receiving less than 10 Gy were unlikely to achieve a fall in PSA of at least 50%. Significant correlations between aspects of screening 68Ga-PET/CT and tumor and normal tissue dose were observed, providing a rationale for patient-specific dosing. Reduced salivary and kidney doses were observed in patients with a higher tumor burden. The parotid dose also reduced with increasing body mass and body surface area.


Assuntos
Dipeptídeos , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel , Lutécio , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/terapia , Radioisótopos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Humanos , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiometria , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Lancet Oncol ; 19(6): 825-833, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29752180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Progressive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer is a highly lethal disorder and new effective therapeutic agents that improve patient outcomes are urgently needed. Lutetium-177 [177Lu]-PSMA-617, a radiolabelled small molecule, binds with high affinity to prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) enabling beta particle therapy targeted to metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. We aimed to investigate the safety, efficacy, and effect on quality of life of [177Lu]-PSMA-617 in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who progressed after standard treatments. METHODS: In this single-arm, single-centre, phase 2 trial, we recruited men (aged 18 years and older) with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and progressive disease after standard treatments, including taxane-based chemotherapy and second-generation anti-androgens, from the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Patients underwent a screening PSMA and FDG-PET/CT to confirm high PSMA-expression. Eligible patients had progressive disease defined by imaging (according to Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumours [RECIST] or bone scan) or new pain in an area of radiographically evident disease, and were required to have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 2 or lower. Eligible patients received up to four cycles of intravenous [177Lu]-PSMA-617, at six weekly intervals. The primary endpoint was PSA response according to Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial Working Group criteria defined as a greater than 50% PSA decline from baseline and toxicity according to CTCAE. Additional primary endpoints were imaging responses (as measured by bone scan, CT, PSMA, and FDG PET/CT) and quality of life (assessed with the EORTC-Q30 and Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form questionnaires), all measured up to 3 months post completion of treatment. This trial is registered with the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, number 12615000912583. FINDINGS: Between Aug 26, 2015, and Dec 8, 2016, 43 men were screened to identify 30 patients eligible for treatment. 26 (87%) had received at least one line of previous chemotherapy (80% docetaxel and 47% cabazitaxel) and 25 (83%) received prior abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, or both. The mean administered radioactivity was 7·5 GBq per cycle. 17 (57%) of 30 patients (95% CI 37-75) achieved a PSA decline of 50% or more. There were no treatment-related deaths. The most common toxic effects related to [177Lu]-PSMA-617 were grade 1 dry mouth recorded in 26 (87%) patients, grade 1 and 2 transient nausea in 15 (50%), and G1-2 fatigue in 15 (50%). Grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia possibly attributed to [177Lu]-PSMA-617 occurred in four (13%) patients. Objective response in nodal or visceral disease was reported in 14 (82%) of 17 patients with measurable disease. Clinically meaningful improvements in pain severity and interference scores were recorded at all timepoints. 11 (37%) patients experienced a ten point or more improvement in global health score by the second cycle of treatment. INTERPRETATION: Our findings show that radionuclide treatment with [177Lu]-PSMA-617 has high response rates, low toxic effects, and reduction of pain in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who have progressed after conventional treatments. This evidence supports the need for randomised controlled trials to further assess efficacy compared with current standards of care. FUNDING: None.


Assuntos
Dipeptídeos/administração & dosagem , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel/administração & dosagem , Lutécio/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/radioterapia , Radioisótopos/administração & dosagem , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Dipeptídeos/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Nível de Saúde , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Calicreínas/sangue , Lutécio/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Estudos Prospectivos , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/sangue , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Qualidade de Vida , Radioisótopos/efeitos adversos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitória
10.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 45(2): 323, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29152667

RESUMO

On page 4 of the original version of this article, the text "Eight (29%) of the patients had significant FDG-avid disease (i.e. with intensity above liver parenchyma) prior to treatment" needs to be corrected.

11.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 45(2): 262-277, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28894897

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Grade 3 NENs are aggressive tumours with poor prognosis. PRRT+/- radiosensitising chemotherapy is a potential treatment for disease with high somatostatin receptor (SSTR) expression without spatially discordant FDG-avid disease. We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of PRRT in G3 NEN. METHODS: Kaplan-Meier estimation was used to determine progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) defined from start of PRRT. Subgroup analysis was performed for patients with Ki-67 ≤ 55% and >55%. Anatomical response (RECIST 1.1) and toxicity 3 months after PRRT was determined. Disease control rate (DCR) was defined as complete response (CR), partial response (PR) and stable disease (SD) of those with prior progression. RESULTS: 28 patients (M = 17; age 16-78 years; Ki-67 ≤ 55% = 22) were reviewed. 17 patients had pancreatic, 5 small bowel, 3 large bowel, 2 bronchial and 1 unknown primary disease. 25/28 had significant FDG-avid disease prior to treatment. Most had 177Lu-DOTA-octreotate (median cumulative activity 24.4 GBq, median 4 cycles). Twenty patients had radiosensitising chemotherapy. 89% were treated for disease progression; 79% after prior chemotherapy. Median follow-up was 29 months. The median PFS was 9 months for all patients. 16 patients died (Ki-67 ≤ 55% = 11; Ki-67 > 55% = 5) with median OS of 19 months. For Ki-67 ≤ 55% (N = 22), the median PFS was 12 months and median OS 46 months. For Ki-67 > 55% (N = 6), the median PFS was 4 months and median OS 7 months. On CT imaging, DCR at 3 months post-PRRT was 74%, 35% (8/23) PR and 39% (9/23) SD. Eleven patients received further PRRT due to recrudescent disease after response. Five patients developed progression of discordant FDG-avid disease and were referred for targeted therapy/chemotherapy. Grade 3 and 4 lymphopenia and thrombocytopenia occurred in five and five patients, respectively. No renal or liver toxicity related to treatment was seen. CONCLUSIONS: PRRT achieves clinically relevant disease control with acceptable toxicity in G3 NENs.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/radioterapia , Receptores de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
13.
Liver Cancer ; 5(2): 97-106, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27386428

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the 6th most common cancer in the world, but the second most common cause of cancer death. There is no universally accepted consensus practice guidelines for HCC owing to rapid developments in new treatment modalities, the heterogeneous epidemiology and clinical presentation of HCC worldwide. However, a number of regional and national guidelines currently exist which reflect practice relevant to the epidemiology and collective experience of the consensus group. In 2014, clinicians at the multidisciplinary Comprehensive Liver Cancer Clinic (CLCC) at the National Cancer Centre Singapore (NCCS) reviewed the latest published scientific data and existing international and regional practice guidelines, such as those of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver, and modified them to reflect local practice. These would serve as a template by which treatment outcomes can be collated and benchmarked against international data. The NCCS Consensus Guidelines for HCC have been successfully implemented in the CLCC since their publication online on 26(th) September 2014, and the guidelines allow outcomes of treatment to be compared to international data. These guidelines will be reviewed periodically to incorporate new data.

14.
Ann Nucl Med ; 30(3): 255-61, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26692012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Activity planning for (90)Y radioembolization aims to maximize the effect of the treatment while keeping toxicity acceptably low. Our aim was to describe the amount of residual activity in post-treatment v-vials and tubing and analyze the possible factors affecting it (total activity administered, number of split activity injection(s), previous treatments, administration artery and microcatheter size), as these may influence dosimetric planning and treatment. METHODS: This was a retrospective review using case records of patients who received (90)Y-radioembolization for hepatic tumors at a single tertiary center. From August 2013 to September 2015, seventy-seven out of one hundred and fifty patients who received radioembolization with (90)Y resin microspheres due to inoperable Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) or liver metastases were included. The rest were mainly excluded due to incomplete data sets. The number of split activities (injections) for the radioembolization could be: one single injection, two or three. The remnant activity in post-treatment v-vials and tubing were measured for every patient. The administration arteries evaluated were: proper hepatic artery (PHA), right hepatic artery (RHA), middle hepatic artery (MHA), left hepatic artery (LHA) and small caliber branch arteries. The sizes of the microcatheters (2.2 or 2.7 Fr) used to administer the dose were also evaluated. RESULTS: In total, 77 out of 150 patients were included in the final analysis. There were 59 men of median age 64.0 years old. The total median dose loss was 0.10 GBq. The total dose loss increased 0.244 GBq [95 % CI = (0.169, 0.318)] when three split activities were given compared to single activity injection. Activity loss for each injection increased 0.0297 GBq [95 % CI = (0.0151, 0.0443)] for every 1.0 GBq increase of split activity injection. There were no significant statistical differences in the rest of patient characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: There is significant loss of activity observed during radioembolization, which can have a major dosimetric impact. The total administered activity and the number of split injections during radioembolization are the main influencing factors. Further prospective studies as well as measures of clinical outcome are warranted.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Microesferas , Resinas Sintéticas/química , Radioisótopos de Ítrio/química , Radioisótopos de Ítrio/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiometria , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
J Breast Cancer ; 17(3): 291-4, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25320629

RESUMO

After mastectomy and axillary node dissection, chylous leakage is rare. However, considerable anatomical variation in the termination of the thoracic duct has been reported. Hence, during breast surgery, injury to the lateral terminating branch is not unlikely and might lead to retrograde chyle leak. Herein, we describe a patient who had a chylous leakage at her wound site after a left simple mastectomy and axillary node dissection and for whom lymphoscintigraphy with Tc-99m albumin nanocolloid was performed. In this case, additional hybrid single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography study was done, and has helped with the accurate identification of the chyle leakage site, thus aiding in surgical management.

16.
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol ; 18(2): 194-202, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24715450

RESUMO

This article provides a brief overview of the current state of hybrid single-photon emission computed tomography/computer tomography (SPECT/CT) imaging in musculoskeletal infections. SPECT/CT imaging, compared with conventional planar study and SPECT alone, provides improved anatomic localization of infection and more accurate delineation of the extent of infection. This article emphasizes three clinical aspects where SPECT/CT is found to be most useful: differentiating between soft tissue and bone infections, assessing suspected infected sites with underlying structural bone alterations, and defining infective focus when complex anatomy is involved. The accurate assessment of site of infection is vital for selecting the most appropriate therapeutic strategy. Other advantages of SPECT/CT imaging such as reducing the inconvenience of combination planar studies, providing additional CT information, and increasing interobserver agreement are also discussed.


Assuntos
Infecções/diagnóstico , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Doenças Ósseas/diagnóstico , Criança , Doenças do Pé/diagnóstico , Radioisótopos de Gálio , Humanos , Radioisótopos de Índio , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Infecções dos Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Tecnécio Tc 99m Exametazima , Medronato de Tecnécio Tc 99m , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações
17.
Am J Infect Control ; 39(8): e49-e51, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21664005

RESUMO

This study describes the clinical characteristics and outcomes of hospitalized patients with 2009 H1N1 influenza in a large, acute care, tertiary hospital in Singapore. Of the 265 hospitalized patients with laboratory-confirmed 2009 influenza A (H1N1) during the height of the H1N1 flu pandemic, 13% (35) suffered severe outcomes including a mortality rate of 4.5% (12). Severe outcomes were associated with patients aged 40 years or more, underlying comorbidities, and complicated by pneumonia.


Assuntos
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/isolamento & purificação , Influenza Humana/complicações , Influenza Humana/mortalidade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Singapura/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Nucl Med Commun ; 32(5): 416-8, 2011 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21346661

RESUMO

The role of molecular and functional imaging lies in its capability to more accurately define and characterize pathologies, with a host of varied radiotracers and techniques being available to the clinician for use. We present a case in which dual-tracer and multiple time-point single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography imaging using technetium-99m sestamibi and white blood cell radiotracers was used to characterize an indeterminate base of skull lesion.


Assuntos
Leucócitos/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Nasofaringite/diagnóstico por imagem , Tecnécio Tc 99m Sestamibi , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão/métodos , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino , Radiografia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
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