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1.
Clin Rehabil ; : 269215520966472, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172299

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the measurement properties of the de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI), a performance-based clinical outcome assessment of mobility capacity, in hospital patients with Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Hospital patients with Parkinson's disease. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Structural validity and unidimensionality (Rasch analysis), construct validity, internal consistency reliability, and inter-rater reliability of the de Morton Mobility Index (scale range: 0-100 points) were established. The minimal detectable change, the 95% limits of agreement and possible floor and ceiling effects were calculated to indicate interpretability. RESULTS: We analysed validity (n = 100; mean age: 70 years; 71% male) and reliability (n = 47; mean age: 71 years; 68% male) in two samples. The mean Hoehn and Yahr stage was 3.2 and the mean disease duration was 12 years in both samples. Rasch analysis indicated unidimensionality with an overall fit to the model (chi-square = 21.49, P = 0.122). Seventy-three percent of hypotheses on construct validity were confirmed. Internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha = 0.91) and inter-rater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.88; 95% confidence interval: 0.80 to 0.93) were sufficient. The minimal detectable change with 90% confidence was 17.5 points and the limits of agreement were 31%. No floor or ceiling effects were observed. The mean administration time was 6.6 minutes. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence of unidimensionality, sufficient internal consistency reliability, inter-rater reliability, construct validity, and feasibility of the de Morton Mobility Index in hospital patients with Parkinson's disease. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS00004681). Registered May 6, 2013.

2.
Surg Endosc ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Since December 2019, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative pathogen of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has posed a pandemic threat to global health and has challenged health care system in all affected countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a combined study including a descriptive part about the changes in the daily work routine of an Interdisciplinary Endoscopic Unit (IEU) and a prospective analysis of patients tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 who required endoscopic interventions. Conclusively, we present the finding of a point-prevalence analysis in the staff of the IEU. RESULTS: We present effects of the COVID-19-related restructuring of processes in our interdisciplinary endoscopy unit (IEU) with respect to cancelation of examinations, relocation of staff to other departments, impact of SARS-CoV-2 on medical staff of the IEU, and supply of protective clothing. Additionally, we analyzed the cohort of COVID-19 patients: Sixteen endoscopic interventions were done in ten patients. In all patients with confirmed infection with SARS-CoV-2, emergency endoscopies were required for relevant bleeding situations. Re-endoscopies were required only in critically ill COVID-19 patients. CONCLUSIONS: The restructuring of processes in the IEU was feasible in short time, effective, and can also be applied broadly at least in developed countries [Garbe et al. in Gastroenterology 159:778-780, 2020; Repici A, Pace F, Gabbiadini R, Colombo M, Hassan C, Dinelli M, Group IG-CW, Maselli R, Spadaccini M, Mutignani M, Gabbrielli A, Signorelli C, Spada C, Leoni P, Fabbri C, Segato S, Gaffuri N, Mangiavillano B, Radaelli F, Salerno R, Bargiggia S, Maroni L, Benedetti A, Occhipinti P, De Grazia F, Ferraris L, Cengia G, Greco S, Alvisi C, Scarcelli A, De Luca L, Cereatti F, Testoni PA, Mingotto R, Aragona G, Manes G, Beretta P, Amvrosiadis G, Cennamo V, Lella F, Missale G, Lagoussis P, Triossi O, Giovanardi M, De Roberto G, Cantu P, Buscarini E, Anderloni A, Carrara S, Fugazza A, Galtieri PA, Pellegatta G, Antonelli G, Rosch T, Sharma P (2020) Endoscopy units and the COVID-19 Outbreak: a Multi-Center Experience from Italy. Gastroenterology;]. The endoscopy-related rate of SARS-CoV-2 infection of staff is low, but supply of protective equipment is crucial for this. Endoscopic procedures in COVID-19 patients were not directly related to SARS-CoV-2 infection, but to other underlying diseases or typical complications of long-term ICU treatment.

3.
Am J Med Genet A ; 182(11): 2761-2764, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902107

RESUMO

Bi-allelic loss-of-function variants in LAMC3, encoding extracellular matrix protein laminin gamma 3, represent a rare cause of occipital polymicrogyria with epilepsy, developmental delay and cognitive impairment. So far, only five families have been reported. We now identified a novel, homozygous splice variant in LAMC3 in an individual with an unusual manifestation of cortical malformation. She presented with polymicrogyria in the frontal but not the occipital lobes, with adult-onset seizures and normal psychomotor development and cognition. Additionally, ictal asystole, requiring implantation of a pacemaker, and nonepileptic seizures occurred. This case expands the spectrum of LAMC3-associated cortical malformation phenotypes to frontal only polymicrogyria and adult-onset of epilepsy.

4.
Am J Hum Genet ; 107(3): 527-538, 2020 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758447

RESUMO

Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a severe multi-systemic inflammatory disease characterized by neutrophilic pustulosis and triggered by pro-inflammatory IL-36 cytokines in skin. While 19%-41% of affected individuals harbor bi-allelic mutations in IL36RN, the genetic cause is not known in most cases. To identify and characterize new pathways involved in the pathogenesis of GPP, we performed whole-exome sequencing in 31 individuals with GPP and demonstrated effects of mutations in MPO encoding the neutrophilic enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO). We discovered eight MPO mutations resulting in MPO -deficiency in neutrophils and monocytes. MPO mutations, primarily those resulting in complete MPO deficiency, cumulatively associated with GPP (p = 1.85E-08; OR = 6.47). The number of mutant MPO alleles significantly differed between 82 affected individuals and >4,900 control subjects (p = 1.04E-09); this effect was stronger when including IL36RN mutations (1.48E-13) and correlated with a younger age of onset (p = 0.0018). The activity of four proteases, previously implicated as activating enzymes of IL-36 precursors, correlated with MPO deficiency. Phorbol-myristate-acetate-induced formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) was reduced in affected cells (p = 0.015), and phagocytosis assays in MPO-deficient mice and human cells revealed altered neutrophil function and impaired clearance of neutrophils by monocytes (efferocytosis) allowing prolonged neutrophil persistence in inflammatory skin. MPO mutations contribute significantly to GPP's pathogenesis. We implicate MPO as an inflammatory modulator in humans that regulates protease activity and NET formation and modifies efferocytosis. Our findings indicate possible implications for the application of MPO inhibitors in cardiovascular diseases. MPO and affected pathways represent attractive targets for inducing resolution of inflammation in neutrophil-mediated skin diseases.


Assuntos
Inflamação/genética , Interleucinas/genética , Peroxidase/genética , Psoríase/genética , Dermatopatias/genética , Adulto , Animais , Citocinas/genética , Armadilhas Extracelulares/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Interleucina-1/genética , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Mutação/genética , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Psoríase/patologia , Doenças Raras/enzimologia , Doenças Raras/genética , Doenças Raras/patologia , Pele/enzimologia , Pele/patologia , Dermatopatias/patologia
6.
J Inherit Metab Dis ; 2020 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681750

RESUMO

Phosphoglucomutase 1 (PGM1) deficiency is a rare genetic disorder that affects glycogen metabolism, glycolysis, and protein glycosylation. Previously known as GSD XIV, it was recently reclassified as a congenital disorder of glycosylation, PGM1-CDG. PGM1-CDG usually manifests as a multisystem disease. Most patients present as infants with cleft palate, liver function abnormalities and hypoglycemia, but some patients present in adulthood with isolated muscle involvement. Some patients develop life-threatening cardiomyopathy. Unlike most other CDG, PGM1-CDG has an effective treatment option, d-galactose, which has been shown to improve many of the patients' symptoms. Therefore, early diagnosis and initiation of treatment for PGM1-CDG patients are crucial decisions. In this article, our group of international experts suggests diagnostic, follow-up, and management guidelines for PGM1-CDG. These guidelines are based on the best available evidence-based data and experts' opinions aiming to provide a practical resource for health care providers to facilitate successful diagnosis and optimal management of PGM1-CDG patients.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(14)2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664451

RESUMO

Carnosinase 1 (CN1) is encoded by the Cndp1 gene and degrades carnosine and anserine, two natural histidine-containing dipeptides. In vitro and in vivo studies suggest carnosine- and anserine-mediated protection against long-term sequelae of reactive metabolites accumulating, e.g., in diabetes mellitus. We have characterized the metabolic impact of CN1 in 11- and 55-week-old Cndp1-knockout (Cndp1-KO) mice and litter-matched wildtypes (WT). In Cndp1-KO mice, renal carnosine and anserine concentrations were gender-specifically increased 2- to 9-fold, respectively in the kidney and both most abundant in the renal cortex, but remained unchanged in all other organs and in serum. Renal oxidized/reduced glutathione concentrations, renal morphology and function were unaltered. In Cndp1-KO mice at week 11, renal asparagine, serine and glutamine levels and at week 55, renal arginine concentration were reduced. Renal heat-shock-protein 70 (Hspa1a/b) mRNA declined with age in WT but not in Cndp1-KO mice, transcription factor heat-shock-factor 1 was higher in 55-week-old KO mice. Fasting blood glucose concentrations decreased with age in WT mice, but were unchanged in Cndp1-KO mice. Blood glucose response to intraperitoneal insulin was gender- but not genotype-dependent, the response to intraperitoneal glucose injection was similar in all groups. A global Cndp1-KO selectively, age- and gender-specifically, increases renal carnosine and anserine concentrations, alters renal amino acid- and HSP70 profile and modifies systemic glucose homeostasis. Increase of the natural occurring carnosine and anserine levels in the kidney by modulation of CN1 represents a promising therapeutic approach to mitigate or prevent chronic kidney diseases such as diabetic nephropathy.

8.
Eur J Med Genet ; 63(9): 103998, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622959

RESUMO

Autosomal-recessive spinocerebellar ataxia type 18 (SCAR18) is a rare neurologic disorder. It is caused by bi-allelic aberrations in the GRID2 gene, encoding an ionotropic glutamate receptor. In total, 20 affected individuals with mainly homozygous/compound heterozygous intragenic deletions/duplications, two different missense variants and one nonsense variant in GRID2 have been reported, so far. SCAR18 is characterized by delayed psychomotor development, intellectual disability, severely impaired gait due to cerebellar ataxia, ocular movement abnormalities, and cerebellar atrophy in brain imaging. By trio exome sequencing, we now identified a novel homozygous nonsense variant (c.568C > T; p.Gln190*) in GRID2 in a four year old female from a consanguineous family who presented with a particularly severe manifestation of SCAR18. The girl was born after an uneventful pregnancy and showed early-onset, profoundly delayed psychomotor development with no achieved psychomotor milestones at age 4 years. Additionally, she presented with severe muscular hypotonia, progressive truncal and appendicular ataxia, binocular vertical nystagmus, central hearing loss and incomplete loss of sight. She was dystrophic, interacted only very little and had behavioral anomalies such as eating hair and bruxism. Brain imaging showed cerebellar hypoplasia, extended cerebrospinal fluid spaces and beginning reduction of cerebral volume. Our findings further delineate the mutational and clinical spectrum of GRID2-associated spinocerebellar ataxia type 18 and indicate that homozygous nonsense variants are possibly associated with the severe end of the SCAR18 phenotypic spectrum.

9.
Clin Interv Aging ; 15: 343-355, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32210545

RESUMO

Introduction: Studies have described varying prevalences of frailty as determined by Fried's frailty phenotype. Comparability may be limited due to frailty phenotype modifications, especially the low physical activity criterion. Purpose: This study aimed to determine the variability of frailty phenotype prevalence according to the physical activity assessment method. Patients and Methods: In a cross-sectional analysis, frailty phenotype prevalence was assessed in community-dwelling older adults. The low physical activity criterion of the frailty phenotype was determined by using five different questionnaires and an accelerometer, and three different cut-point models. Results: In 47 participants, frailty phenotype prevalence varied between 14.9% and 31.9%, depending on the model used to assess physical activity. Conclusion: The method of physical activity assessment and the choice of cut-points for low physical activity considerably impact frailty phenotype prevalence. More efforts to standardize and adhere to the low physical activity criterion seem warranted. The calculation of correction factors between commonly used sets of low physical activity criteria might allow better comparisons of published prevalence rates.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Acelerometria , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Fenótipo , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Genet Med ; 22(3): 538-546, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723249

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are genetically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorders. We sought to delineate the clinical, molecular, and neuroimaging spectrum of a novel neurodevelopmental disorder caused by variants in the zinc finger protein 292 gene (ZNF292). METHODS: We ascertained a cohort of 28 families with ID due to putatively pathogenic ZNF292 variants that were identified via targeted and exome sequencing. Available data were analyzed to characterize the canonical phenotype and examine genotype-phenotype relationships. RESULTS: Probands presented with ID as well as a spectrum of neurodevelopmental features including ASD, among others. All ZNF292 variants were de novo, except in one family with dominant inheritance. ZNF292 encodes a highly conserved zinc finger protein that acts as a transcription factor and is highly expressed in the developing human brain supporting its critical role in neurodevelopment. CONCLUSION: De novo and dominantly inherited variants in ZNF292 are associated with a range of neurodevelopmental features including ID and ASD. The clinical spectrum is broad, and most individuals present with mild to moderate ID with or without other syndromic features. Our results suggest that variants in ZNF292 are likely a recurrent cause of a neurodevelopmental disorder manifesting as ID with or without ASD.

12.
JIMD Rep ; 50(1): 31-39, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741824

RESUMO

Congenital disorders of glycosylation type I (CDG-I) are inborn errors of metabolism, generally characterized by multisystem clinical manifestations, including developmental delay, hepatopathy, hypotonia, and skin, skeletal, and neurological abnormalities. Among others, dolichol-phosphate-mannose (DPM) is the mannose donor for N-glycosylation as well as O-mannosylation. DOLK-CDG, DPM1-CDG, DPM2-CDG, and DPM3-CDG are defects in the DPM synthesis showing both CDG-I abnormalities and reduced O-mannosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (αDG), which leads to muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy. Mannose-phosphate-dolichol utilization defect 1 (MPDU1) plays a role in the utilization of DPM. Here, we report two MPDU1-CDG patients without skin involvement, but with massive dilatation of the biliary duct system and dystroglycanopathy characteristics including hypotonia, elevated creatine kinase, dilated cardiomyopathy, buphthalmos, and congenital glaucoma. Biochemical analyses revealed elevated disialotransferrin in serum, and analyses in fibroblasts showed shortened lipid linked oligosaccharides and DPM, and reduced O-mannosylation of αDG. Thus, MPDU1-CDG can be added to the list of disorders with overlapping biochemical and clinical abnormalities of CDG-I and dystroglycanopathy. Synopsis: Mannose-phosphate-dolichol utilization defect 1 patients can have overlapping biochemical and clinical abnormalities of congenital disorders of glycosylation type I and dystroglycanopathy.

13.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 553, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Camptocormia has been reported in a plethora of diseases comprising disorders of the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, and the neuromuscular junction as well as hereditary and acquired myopathies. In sporadic late onset nemaline myopathy concomitant axial myopathy is common, but reports about camptocormia as the only presenting symptom in this condition are very rare. Notably, sporadic late onset nemaline myopathy is a potentially treatable condition in particular when associated with monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance, HIV or rheumatological disorders. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 62-year-old female patient, who presented with slowly progressive camptocormia. Comprehensive work-up including neurological work-up, laboratory tests, MR-imaging, muscle biopsy and genetic testing led to the diagnosis of sporadic late onset nemaline myopathy. CONCLUSIONS: Our case report highlights that sporadic late onset nemaline myopathy has to be considered in patients presenting with isolated camptocormia and comprehensive work-up of camptocormia is mandatory to ascertain the individual diagnosis, especially in consideration of treatable conditions.


Assuntos
Atrofia Muscular Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/etiologia , Miopatias da Nemalina/complicações , Miopatias da Nemalina/diagnóstico por imagem , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 44(6): 1383-1391, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unplanned start of renal replacement therapy is common in patients with end-stage renal disease and often accomplished by hemodialysis (HD) using a central venous catheter (CVC). Urgent start using peritoneal dialysis (PD) could be an alternative for some of the patients; however, this requires a hospital-based PD center that offers a structured urgent start PD (usPD) program. METHODS: In this prospective study, we describe the implementation of an usPD program at our university hospital by structuring the process from presentation to PD catheter implantation and start of PD within a few days. For clinical validation, we compared the patient flow before (2013-2015) and after (2016-2018) availability of usPD. RESULTS: In the 3 years before the availability of usPD, 14% (n = 12) of incident PD patients (n = 87) presented in an unplanned situation and were initially treated with HD using a CVC. In the 3 years after implementation of the usPD program, 18% (n = 18) of all incident PD patients (n = 103) presented in an unplanned situation of whom n = 12 (12%) were treated with usPD and n = 6 (6%) with initial HD. usPD significantly reduced the use of HD by 57% (p = 0.0005). Hospital stay was similar in patients treated with usPD (median 9 days) compared to those with elective PD (8 days), and significantly lower than in patients with initial HD (26 days, p = 0.0056). CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of an usPD program reduces HD catheter use and hospital stay in the unplanned situation.

15.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 231, 2019 10 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PMM2-CDG (Phosphomannomutase 2 - Congenital disorder of glycosylation-Ia; CDG-Ia) is the most common glycosylation defect, often presenting as a severe multisystem disorder that can be fatal within the first years of life. While mannose treatment has been shown to correct glycosylation in vitro and in vivo in mice, no convincing effects have been observed in short-term treatment trials in single patients so far. RESULTS: We report on a boy with a severe PMM2-CDG who received a continuous intravenous mannose infusion over a period of 5 months during the first year of life in a dose of 0.8 g/kg/day. N-glycosylation of serum glycoproteins and mannose concentrations in serum were studied regularly. Unfortunately, no biochemical or clinical improvement was observed, and the therapy was terminated at age 9 months. CONCLUSION: Postnatal intravenous D-mannose treatment seems to be ineffective in PMM2-CDG.

16.
Elife ; 82019 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661432

RESUMO

Lysosomes are major sites for intracellular, acidic hydrolase-mediated proteolysis and cellular degradation. The export of low-molecular-weight catabolic end-products is facilitated by polytopic transmembrane proteins mediating secondary active or passive transport. A number of these lysosomal transporters, however, remain enigmatic. We present a detailed analysis of MFSD1, a hitherto uncharacterized lysosomal family member of the major facilitator superfamily. MFSD1 is not N-glycosylated. It contains a dileucine-based sorting motif needed for its transport to lysosomes. Mfsd1 knockout mice develop splenomegaly and severe liver disease. Proteomics of isolated lysosomes from Mfsd1 knockout mice revealed GLMP as a critical accessory subunit for MFSD1. MFSD1 and GLMP physically interact. GLMP is essential for the maintenance of normal levels of MFSD1 in lysosomes and vice versa. Glmp knockout mice mimic the phenotype of Mfsd1 knockout mice. Our data reveal a tightly linked MFSD1/GLMP lysosomal membrane protein transporter complex.


Assuntos
Fígado/fisiologia , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Animais , Homeostase , Proteínas de Membrana/deficiência , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/deficiência , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/genética , Camundongos Knockout , Ligação Proteica
17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14248, 2019 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582762

RESUMO

Modulation of energy metabolism to a highly glycolytic phenotype, i.e. Warburg effect, is a common phenotype of cancer and activated immune cells allowing increased biomass-production for proliferation and cell division. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized ADP-dependent glucokinase (ADPGK) has been shown to play a critical role in T cell receptor activation-induced remodeling of energy metabolism, however the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, we established and characterized in vitro and in vivo models for ADPGK-deficiency using Jurkat T cells and zebrafish. Upon activation, ADPGK knockout Jurkat T cells displayed increased cell death and ER stress. The increase in cell death resulted from a metabolic catastrophe and knockout cells displayed severely disturbed energy metabolism hindering induction of Warburg phenotype. ADPGK knockdown in zebrafish embryos led to short, dorsalized body axis induced by elevated apoptosis. ADPGK hypomorphic zebrafish further displayed dysfunctional glucose metabolism. In both model systems loss of ADPGK function led to defective N- and O-glycosylation. Overall, our data illustrate that ADPGK is part of a glucose sensing system in the ER modulating metabolism via regulation of N- and O-glycosylation.

18.
BMC Geriatr ; 19(1): 240, 2019 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is inconclusive evidence for the effectiveness of additional exercise in older hospital patients. The aims of this study were (1) to assess the feasibility of an augmented prescribed exercise program (APEP) in older acute medical patients and (2) to measure the potential effects of APEP on mobility capacity in order to assess the feasibility of a large full-scale study. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, prospective, parallel-group, single-blinded, randomized (1:1) controlled pilot and feasibility trial. Participants were recruited from acute geriatric wards of a general hospital. Key inclusion criteria were: age ≥ 65 years and walking ability. Key exclusion criteria were severe cognitive impairment and medical restriction for physical exercise interventions. Both groups received usual care, including physiotherapy. Intervention group participants were scheduled for additional exercise sessions (20-30 min, 4-5x/week). Feasibility of the trial design was assessed along pre-defined criteria for process, resources and management. Feasibility of the APEP intervention was analyzed by means of adherence, compliance and safety. Outcomes were measured at baseline and prior to hospital discharge. The primary outcome was mobility capacity (de Morton Mobility Index; DEMMI). Secondary outcomes were walking ability, physical endurance, fear of falling, frailty and length of stay. RESULTS: Thirty-five participants were recruited (recruitment rate 20.3%). We lost 7 participants to follow-up (retention rate: 80%). Intervention group participants (n = 17) each participated in 5.3 ± 2.2 additional exercise sessions (mean duration: 23.2 ± 4.0 min; mean adherence rate 78% ± 26%). No severe adverse events occurred during study assessments or APEP sessions. There were no statistically significant differences in mean change scores in any outcome measure. A sample of 124 participants would be required to detect a difference of 4 DEMMI points (ES = 0.45) with a power of 80%. CONCLUSIONS: This small feasibility RCT indicates that an APEP intervention may be safe and feasible in older acute medical patients. APEP may possibly induce small to moderate effects on mobility, but the clinical relevance of these effects may be limited. These results inform the planning of a larger-scale phase III study. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register ( DRKS00011262 ). Registered 27 October 2016.

19.
Prenat Diagn ; 39(12): 1136-1147, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: 17q12 microdeletions containing HNF1B and intragenic variants within this gene are associated with variable developmental, endocrine, and renal anomalies, often already noted prenatally as hyperechogenic/cystic kidneys. Here, we describe prenatal and postnatal phenotypes of seven individuals with HNF1B aberrations and compare their clinical and genetic data to those of previous studies. METHODS: Prenatal sequencing and postnatal chromosomal microarray analysis were performed in seven individuals with renal and/or neurodevelopmental phenotypes. We evaluated HNF1B-related clinical features from 82 studies and reclassified 192 reported intragenic HNF1B variants. RESULTS: In a prenatal case, we identified a novel in-frame deletion p.(Gly239del) within the HNF1B DNA-binding domain, a mutational hot spot as demonstrated by spatial clustering analysis and high computational prediction scores. The six postnatally diagnosed individuals harbored 17q12 microdeletions. Literature screening revealed variable reporting of HNF1B-associated clinical traits. Overall, both mutation groups showed a high phenotypic heterogeneity. The reclassification of all previously reported intragenic HNF1B variants provided an up-to-date overview of the mutational spectrum. CONCLUSIONS: We highlight the value of prenatal HNF1B screening in renal developmental diseases. Standardized clinical reporting and systematic classification of HNF1B variants are necessary for a more accurate risk quantification of prenatal and postnatal clinical features, improving genetic counseling and prenatal decision making.

20.
BMJ Open ; 9(6): e027768, 2019 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230015

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of frailty in older people in outpatient physiotherapy services in an urban region in the western part of Germany. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Outpatient physiotherapy clinics were recruited in the municipal area of the city of Bochum, Germany, and selected randomly. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults aged 65 years and older seeking outpatient physiotherapy. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of frailty was assessed based on the frailty phenotype model of physical frailty and the accumulation of deficit model, expressed as a Frailty Index. Prevalence was calculated for the whole sample and according to age-related, sex-related and diagnosis-related subgroups. RESULTS: A total of 258 participants (74±6 years, 62% female) from 11 out of 130 (8%) different physiotherapy clinics were included. Participants' main indication for physiotherapy was an orthopaedic or surgical condition (75%). According to the model of a physical frailty phenotype, 17.8% (95% CI 13.2 to 22.5) participants were frail and 43.4% (95% CI 37.4 to 49.5) were prefrail. The Frailty Index identified 31.0% (95% CI 25.4 to 36.7) of individuals as frail. In both models, prevalence increased with age and was higher in women than in men. Slow gait speed (34%), reduced muscle strength (34%) and exhaustion (28%) were the most prevalent indicators of physical frailty. CONCLUSIONS: Frailty is comparatively common in older patients attending physiotherapy care in Germany, with one out of three individuals being frail and every second individual being physically frail or prefrail. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DRKS00009384; Results.

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