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1.
Int J Cardiol ; 299: 31-36, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sex-specific outcome data following myocardial infarction (MI) are inconclusive with some evidence suggesting association of female sex and increased major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Since mechanistic principles remain elusive, we aimed to quantify the underlying phenotype using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) quantitative deformation imaging and tissue characterisation. METHODS: In total, 795 ST-elevation MI patients underwent post-interventional CMR imaging. Feature-tracking (CMR-FT) was performed in a blinded core-laboratory. Left ventricular function was quantified using ejection fraction (LVEF) and global longitudinal/circumferential/radial strains (GLS/GCS/GRS). Left atrial function was assessed by reservoir (εs), conduit (εe) and booster-pump strains (εa). Tissue characterisation included infarct size, microvascular obstruction and area at risk. Primary endpoint was the occurrence of MACE within 1 year. RESULTS: Female sex was associated with increased MACE (HR 1.96, 95% CI 1.13-3.42, p = 0.017) but not independently of baseline confounders (p = 0.526) with women being older, more often diabetic and hypertensive (p < 0.001) and of higher Killip-class (p = 0.010). Tissue characterisation was similar between sexes. Women showed impaired atrial (εs p = 0.011, εe p < 0.001) but increased systolic ventricular mechanics (GLS p = 0.001, LVEF p = 0.048). While atrial and ventricular function predicted MACE in men only LV GLS and GCS were associated with MACE in women irrespective of confounders (GLS p = 0.036, GCS p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: In men ventricular systolic contractility is impaired and volume assessments precisely stratify elevated risks. In contrast, women experience reduced atrial but increased ventricular systolic strain. This may reflect ventricular diastolic failure with systolic compensation, which is independently associated with MACE adding incremental value to sex-specific prognosis evaluation.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 18367, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797997

RESUMO

Syndecan-1 (sdc1) is a surface protein part of the endothelial glycocalyx (eGC). Soluble sdc1 is derived from shedding and indicates damaged eGC. We assessed the predictive value of plasma sdc1 concentrations for future cardiovascular events in acute reperfused ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. A total of 206 patients admitted for STEMI were included in this study (29% female; age 65 ± 12 years) and followed-up for six months. Plasma samples were obtained post-intervention and analyzed for sdc1 by Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Primary outcome was six-month-mortality. Sdc1 did not correlate with biomarkers such as creatine kinase (CK) (r = 0.11; p = 0.01) or troponin (r = -0.12; p = 0.09), nor with infarct size (r = -0.04; p = 0.67) and myocardial salvage index (r = 0.11; p = 0.17). Sdc-1 was associated with mortality (changes per 100 ng/mL sdc-1 concentration; HR 1.08 95% 1.03-1.12; p = 0.001). An optimal cut-off was calculated at >120 ng/mL. After correction for known risk factors sdc1 >120 ng/mL was independently associated with mortality after 6 months. In our study, sdc1 is independently associated with six-month-mortality after STEMI. Combining clinical evaluation and different biomarkers assessing both infarct-related myocardial injury and systemic stress response might improve the accuracy of predicting clinical prognosis in STEMI patients.

3.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713085

RESUMO

One important complication related to takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is adverse rhythm disorders. Our study was conducted to determine the incidence and management of adverse rhythm disorders in TTS and its long-term prognostic impact. We analyzed 906 TTS patients from 9 European centers. Patients were divided into the adverse rhythm disorders group (encompassing ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, torsade de pointes, and asystole or complete atrioventricular block) and non-adverse rhythm disorders group. In our study cohort, we identified 67 (7.4%) patients with presence of adverse rhythm disorders. TTS patients were followed up over a period of 2.8 years. In the adverse rhythm disorders group, 18% of patients presented adverse rhythm disorders before hospital admission. Asystole and/or AV block were significantly more presented before admission (13 patients versus 8 patients; p < 0.01), whereas ventricular tachyarrhythmias were more presented in-hospital (4 patients versus 42 patients; p < 0.01). Adverse rhythm disorders patients suffered more frequently from cardiogenic shock (31% versus 7.6%, p < 0.01) and in-hospital death (10.9% versus 3.6%; p < 0.01). Furthermore, the long-term survival was significantly impaired in adverse rhythm disorders patients as compared with non-adverse rhythm disorders patients; (log-rank p < 0.01). Using multivariate Cox regression analysis, cardiogenic shock (HR 2.86, 95% CI 1.1-6.9; p = 0.02) was identified as independent predictors of adverse rhythm disorders. The short- and long-term mortality rate of TTS patients presenting with adverse rhythm disorders was significantly higher than in TTS patients presenting without it. Therefore, TTS patients with adverse rhythm disorders should be carefully monitored during hospital stay and at long-term follow-up.

4.
Circulation ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736327

RESUMO

Since the early stages of development, transcatheter deployment of an aortic bioprosthetic valve required either a balloon-expandable or a self-expandable delivery concept. Consequently, two device types have been considered the main players in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for many years: the balloon-expandable Edwards SAPIEN valve (BEV) family (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA) and the self-expandable Medtronic CoreValve (SEV) family (Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA). Both device types have been continuously refined to improve ease of use and decrease peri-procedural complications, and both technologies have been associated with favorable short- and long-term outcomes when compared with surgical aortic valve replacement in randomized clinical trials (1). Very recently, the current generation BEV (SAPIEN 3, Edwards Lifesciences) and SEV (Evolut, Medtronic) have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for selected low-risk patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. Very few randomized head-to-head trials between both device technologies have been performed to date (2,3), although numerous comparisons from various registry analyses have been published (4,5). Despite the inherent differences in expansion mode, stent frame and leaflet characteristics between both device types, which do translate into some differences in hemodynamic function, paravalvular sealing and peri-procedural complications, clinical outcomes and particularly mortality have been always considered comparable (1-5).

5.
Genet Med ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680123

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Fetal akinesia has multiple clinical subtypes with over 160 gene associations, but the genetic etiology is not yet completely understood. METHODS: In this study, 51 patients from 47 unrelated families were analyzed using next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques aiming to decipher the genomic landscape of fetal akinesia (FA). RESULTS: We have identified likely pathogenic gene variants in 37 cases and report 41 novel variants. Additionally, we report putative pathogenic variants in eight cases including nine novel variants. Our work identified 14 novel disease-gene associations for fetal akinesia: ADSSL1, ASAH1, ASPM, ATP2B3, EARS2, FBLN1, PRG4, PRICKLE1, ROR2, SETBP1, SCN5A, SCN8A, and ZEB2. Furthermore, a sibling pair harbored a homozygous copy-number variant in TNNT1, an ultrarare congenital myopathy gene that has been linked to arthrogryposis via Gene Ontology analysis. CONCLUSION: Our analysis indicates that genetic defects leading to primary skeletal muscle diseases might have been underdiagnosed, especially pathogenic variants in RYR1. We discuss three novel putative fetal akinesia genes: GCN1, IQSEC3 and RYR3. Of those, IQSEC3, and RYR3 had been proposed as neuromuscular disease-associated genes recently, and our findings endorse them as FA candidate genes. By combining NGS with deep clinical phenotyping, we achieved a 73% success rate of solved cases.

6.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0225580, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the prevalence of ventricular tachycardia after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusion (CTO). BACKGROUND: PCI of a CTO is associated with improvement of the left ventricular ejection fraction and possibly associated with reduced mortality. However, benefits of CTO-PCI must be weighed against a higher risk of procedure-related complications. The incidence of new-onset ventricular tachycardia after a successful CTO-PCI has not been investigated so far. In this retrospective registry we seek to describe characteristics and predictors of occurrence of post-procedural ventricular tachycardias. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2010 and 2015, 485 patients underwent successful CTO-PCI at Heart Center Leipzig. Of them, 342 had complete follow-up and were further analyzed. Ventricular tachycardias were detected in 9 (2.6%) patients. All of them were monomorphic ventricular tachycardias occurring in median 1 day (interquartile range [IQR] 0.25-4.75 days) after PCI and caused prolongation of the hospital stay. Patients with ventricular tachycardia were older, had worse left ventricular ejection fraction (mean 33.1%, SD 5.9%) and more frequently a CTO of an infarct-related artery. The target vessel was not associated with the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias. In multivariable analysis, only impaired left ventricular systolic function was an independent predictor for procedure-related ventricular tachycardia. Mortality rates were not different between patients with or without ventricular tachycardia. CONCLUSION: Ventricular tachycardia can occur early after CTO-PCI as possible reperfusion arrhythmia and poorer left ventricular ejection fraction is the only independent predictor for onset. Although the occurrence of ventricular tachycardia after CTO-PCI seems not to influence mortality, awareness of this possible complication and longer monitoring may be recommended.

7.
Resuscitation ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730898

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the effectiveness and safety of intravascular temperature management (IVTM) versus surface cooling methods (SCM) for induced hypothermia (IH). METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis. English-language PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched on May 27, 2019. The quality of included observational studies was graded using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment tool. The quality of included randomized trials was evaluated using the Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias tool. Random effects modeling was used to calculate risk differences for each outcome. Statistical heterogeneity and publication bias were assessed using standard methods. ELIGIBILITY: Observational or randomized studies comparing survival and/or neurologic outcomes in adults aged 18 years or greater resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest receiving IH via IVTM versus SCM were eligible for inclusion. RESULTS: In total, 12 studies met inclusion criteria. These enrolled 1,573 patients who received IVTM; and 4,008 who received SCM. Survival was 55.0% in the IVTM group and 51.2% in the SCM group [pooled risk difference 2% (95% CI -1%, 5%)]. Good neurological outcome was achieved in 40.9% in the IVTM and 29.5% in the surface group [pooled risk difference 5% (95% CI 2%, 8%)]. There was a 6% (95% CI 11%, 2%) lower risk of arrhythmia with use of IVTM and 15% (95% CI 22%, 7%) decreased risk of overcooling with use of IVTM versus SCM. There was no significant difference in other evaluated adverse events between groups. CONCLUSIONS: IVTM was associated with improved neurological outcomes vs. SCM among survivors resuscitated following cardiac arrest. These results may have implications for care of patients in the emergency department and intensive care settings after resuscitation from cardiac arrest.

8.
Int J Cardiol ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740140

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of bioprostheses for surgical aortic valve replacement increased substantially within the last years. In case of prosthesis failure, re-SAVR is standard of care, whereas valve-in-valve deployment of a transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve prosthesis (VinV-TFAVI) has recently emerged as an alternative. We sought to evaluate early safety, clinical efficacy, and all-cause 1-year-mortality of VinV-TFAVI and redo surgery for failing aortic bioprostheses (re-SAVR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients receiving either VinV-TFAVI (n = 147) or re-SAVR (n = 111) for a degenerated aortic bioprosthesis between 01/2006 and 05/2017 were included in this analysis. All-cause 1-year mortality was the primary outcome measure. Early safety and clinical efficacy according to VARC-2 endpoint definitions were evaluated at 30 days. Baseline characteristics differed significantly between both groups including age, STS-PROM, and incidence of relevant comorbidities. Re-stenosis was the predominant mode of failure in 45.9% of re-SAVR and 63.1% of VinV-TFAVI patients. The rate of "early safety" endpoints was lower with VinV-TFAVI (17.7% vs. 64.9%, p < 0.01), the rate of "clinical efficacy" endpoints was lower, e.g. better with re-SAVR (53.1% vs. 32.4%, p < 0.01). All-cause 1-year-mortality (VinV-TFAVI 8.8% vs re-SAVR 9.9%, p = 0.84) was not different. Treatment strategy was not associated with 1-year-mortality in a Cox regression analysis. The incidence of prosthesis-patient-mismatch was higher in VinV-TFAVI compared to re-SAVR. CONCLUSION: VinV-TFAVI represents a viable alternative for treatment of degenerated aortic bioprostheses in patients at increased surgical risk. However, in patients at low risk for reoperation, a better clinical efficacy and acceptable safety may favour re-SAVR.

9.
Mol Metab ; 29: 76-85, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668394

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Human blood metabolites are influenced by a number of lifestyle and environmental factors. Identification of these factors and the proper quantification of their relevance provides insights into human biological and metabolic disease processes, is key for standardized translation of metabolite biomarkers into clinical applications, and is a prerequisite for comparability of data between studies. However, so far only limited data exist from large and well-phenotyped human cohorts and current methods for analysis do not fully account for the characteristics of these data. The primary aim of this study was to identify, quantify and compare the impact of a comprehensive set of clinical and lifestyle related factors on metabolite levels in three large human cohorts. To achieve this goal, we improve current methodology by developing a principled analysis approach, which could be translated to other cohorts and metabolite panels. METHODS: 63 Metabolites (amino acids, acylcarnitines) were quantified by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in three cohorts (total N = 16,222). Supported by a simulation study evaluating various analytical approaches, we developed an analysis pipeline including preprocessing, identification, and quantification of factors affecting metabolite levels. We comprehensively identified uni- and multivariable metabolite associations considering 29 environmental and clinical factors and performed metabolic pathway enrichment and network analyses. RESULTS: Inverse normal transformation of batch corrected and outlier removed metabolite levels accompanied by linear regression analysis proved to be the best suited method to deal with the metabolite data. Association analyses revealed numerous uni- and multivariable significant associations. 15 of the analyzed 29 factors explained >1% of variance for at least one of the metabolites. Strongest factors are application of steroid hormones, reticulocytes, waist-to-hip ratio, sex, haematocrit, and age. Effect sizes of factors are comparable across studies. CONCLUSIONS: We introduced a principled approach for the analysis of MS data allowing identification, and quantification of effects of clinical and lifestyle factors with metabolite levels. We detected a number of known and novel associations broadening our understanding of the regulation of the human metabolome. The large heterogeneity observed between cohorts could almost completely be explained by differences in the distribution of influencing factors emphasizing the necessity of a proper confounder analysis when interpreting metabolite associations.

11.
Circulation ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707833

RESUMO

We describe the incidence, timing, and characteristics of stent thrombosis and its consequences in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in the AUGUSTUS trial1 who received a coronary stent during their qualifying admission (acute coronary syndrome [ACS] or elective percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI]) and the randomized treatment effects of low-dose aspirin (compared with placebo) and apixaban (compared with vitamin K antagonist [VKA]) on the risk of stent thrombosis. We included patients who received a stent during their qualifying admission. We excluded patients with medically-managed ACS (n=1097) or an unknown qualifying index event (n=19). The protocol was approved by appropriate ethics committees; patients provided written informed consent prior to participation.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714684

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on early safety at 30 days and 1-year mortality in patients receiving transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: The use of TAVR in patients with previous CABG suffering from severe aortic stenosis has increased in the last years. METHODS: Consecutive TAVR patients were stratified according to previous CABG versus no previous cardiac surgery (control). All-cause 1-year mortality and early safety at 30 days were evaluated. RESULTS: In the unmatched cohort and compared to control (n = 2,364), CABG (n = 260) were younger, more often male and suffered more often from comorbidities leading to an increased STS-score (p < .001). The rate of early safety events at 30 days was comparable between CABG and control (21.2% vs. 24.6%, p = .22) with a higher mortality in CABG (9.6% vs. 5.3%, p = .005). All-cause 1-year mortality was higher in CABG compared to controls (HR 1.51 [95%-CI 1.15-1.97], p = .003). Applying Cox regression analysis, both 30-day (HR 1.57 [95%-CI 0.97-2.53], p = .067) and all-cause 1-year mortality (HR 1.24 [95%-CI 0.91-1.70], p = .174) were not significantly different between groups. After propensity-score matching, the rate of early safety events at 30 days was lower in CABG compared to controls (21.6% vs. 31.7%, p = .02). Thirty-day (9.1% vs. 7.7%, p = .596) and all-cause 1-year mortality (24.0% vs. 23.1%, p = .520, HR 1.14 [95%-CI 0.77-1.69], p = .520) were not different between groups. CONCLUSION: In patients receiving TAVR, previous CABG was not associated with an increase in periprocedural complications and all-cause 1-year mortality when adjusted for other comorbidities.

14.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tricuspid Regurgitation (TR) is associated with increased rates of heart failure (HF) and mortality. Transcatheter tricuspid valve interventions (TTVI) are promising, but the clinical benefit is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potential benefit of TTVI over medical therapy in a propensity score matched population. METHODS: The TriValve (Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Therapies) registry collected 472 patients from 22 European and North American centers, who underwent TTVI from 2016 to 2018. A control cohort formed by two large retrospective registries enrolling medically managed patients with ≥moderate TR in Europe and North America (1179 pts) were propensity score 1:1 matched (distance ± 0.2 SD) using age, Euroscore II, and systolic pulmonary artery pressure. Survival was tested with Cox regression analysis. Primary endpoint was 1-year mortality or HF rehospitalization or the composite. RESULTS: After matching, 268 adequately matched pairs of patients were identified. Compared to controls, TTVI patients had lower 1-year mortality (23 ±3% vs 36 ±3%, p=0.001), rehospitalization (26 ±3% vs 47 ±3% p<0.0001), and composite endpoint (32 ±4% vs 49 ±3%; p=0.0003). TTVI was associated with greater survival and freedom from HF rehospitalization (HR 0.60 [0.46-0.79], p=0.003 unadjusted) which remained significant after adjusting for sex, NYHA class, right ventricular dysfunction and atrial fibrillation (HR 0.39 [0.26-0.59], p<0.0001) and after further adjustment for mitral regurgitation and pacemaker/defibrillator (HR 0.35 [0.23.54], p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In this propensity matched case-control study, TTVI is associated with greater survival and reduced HF rehospitalization compared with medical therapy alone. Randomized trials should be performed to confirm these results.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629751

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and performance of a newly introduced transfemoral self-expanding supra-annular transcatheter heart valve. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement has become an established procedure, and newer transcatheter heart valves aim to supplement the current armamentarium. METHODS: BIOVALVE-I is a prospective, single-center feasibility study enrolling 13 high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis, and BIOVALVE-II is a multicenter pilot study enrolling a further 55 patients under the same protocol. RESULTS: Patients' mean age was 82.4 ± 5.3 years, 57.4% had concomitant coronary artery disease, 50.0% had renal insufficiency stage ≥3, 32.4% had diabetes mellitus, 29.4% had current anemia, 19.1% had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 19.1% were frail, and 17.6% had prior cerebrovascular events. The primary endpoint, early safety according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 guidelines, was observed in 13 patients (19.1%). One patient (1.5%) died through 30 days of a noncardiac cause, and 4 patients (7.8%) died through 180 days. Disabling stroke occurred at 30 days in 1 patient (1.5%) and at 180 days in 2 patients (3.2%). New permanent pacemakers up to 30 days were implanted in 9 patients (13.4%). Two patients (3.8%) had moderate or severe paravalvular leakage at 30 days and 4 (9.1%) at 6 months, mean effective orifice area was 2.0 ± 0.4 cm2 and 1.9 ± 0.5 cm2, and mean gradient was 6.4 mm Hg at 30 days and 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical outcomes with the Biovalve self-expanding transcatheter heart valve were similar to those seen in other first-in-human studies with first-generation devices for severe aortic stenosis.

16.
Lancet ; 394(10209): 1619-1628, 2019 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is the preferred treatment option for older patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis. Differences in the properties of available TAVR systems can affect clinical outcomes. Among patients undergoing TAVR, we compared the self-expanding ACURATE neo TAVR system with the balloon-expandable SAPIEN 3 TAVR system with regard to early safety and efficacy. METHODS: In this randomised non-inferiority trial, patients (aged ≥75 years) undergoing transfemoral TAVR for treatment of symptomatic severe aortic stenosis, and who were deemed to be at increased surgical risk, were recruited at 20 tertiary heart valve centres in Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the UK. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive treatment with the ACURATE neo or the SAPIEN 3 with a computer-based randomly permuted block scheme, stratified by study centre and Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality (STS-PROM) category. The primary composite safety and efficacy endpoint comprised all-cause death, any stroke, life-threatening or disabling bleeding, major vascular complications, coronary artery obstruction requiring intervention, acute kidney injury (stage 2 or 3), rehospitalisation for valve-related symptoms or congestive heart failure, valve-related dysfunction requiring repeat procedure, moderate or severe prosthetic valve regurgitation, or prosthetic valve stenosis within 30 days of the procedure. Endpoint assessors were masked to treatment allocation. Non-inferiority of ACURATE neo compared with SAPIEN 3 was assessed in the intention-to-treat population on the basis of a risk-difference margin of 7·7% for the primary composite endpoint, with a one-sided α of 0·05. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (number NCT03011346) and is ongoing but not recruiting. FINDINGS: Between Feb 8, 2017, and Feb 2, 2019, up to 5132 patients were screened and 739 (mean age 82·8 years [SD 4·1]; median STS-PROM score 3·5% [IQR 2·6-5·0]) were enrolled. 30-day follow-up was available for 367 (99%) of 372 patients allocated to the ACURATE neo group, and 364 (99%) of 367 allocated to the SAPIEN 3 group. Within 30 days, the primary endpoint occurred in 87 (24%) patients in the ACURATE neo and in 60 (16%) in the SAPIEN 3 group; thus, non-inferiority of the ACURATE neo was not met (absolute risk difference 7·1% [upper 95% confidence limit 12·0%], p=0·42). Secondary analysis of the primary endpoint suggested superiority of the SAPIEN 3 device over the ACURATE neo device (95% CI for risk difference -1·3 to -12·9, p=0·0156). The ACURATE neo and SAPIEN 3 groups did not differ in incidence of all-cause death (nine patients [2%] vs three [1%]) and stroke (seven [2%] vs 11 [3%]); whereas acute kidney injury (11 [3%] vs three [1%]) and moderate or severe prosthetic aortic regurgitation (34 [9%] vs ten [3%]) were more common in the ACURATE neo group. INTERPRETATION: TAVR with the self-expanding ACURATE neo did not meet non-inferiority compared to the balloon-expandable SAPIEN 3 device in terms of early safety and clinical efficacy outcomes. An early composite safety and efficacy endpoint was useful in discriminating the performance of different TAVR systems. FUNDING: Boston Scientific (USA).

17.
Am J Hum Genet ; 105(5): 1030-1039, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630787

RESUMO

Hydrocephalus is one of the most prevalent form of developmental central nervous system (CNS) malformations. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow depends on both heartbeat and body movement. Furthermore, it has been shown that CSF flow within and across brain ventricles depends on cilia motility of the ependymal cells lining the brain ventricles, which play a crucial role to maintain patency of the narrow sites of CSF passage during brain formation in mice. Using whole-exome and whole-genome sequencing, we identified an autosomal-dominant cause of a distinct motile ciliopathy related to defective ciliogenesis of the ependymal cilia in six individuals. Heterozygous de novo mutations in FOXJ1, which encodes a well-known member of the forkhead transcription factors important for ciliogenesis of motile cilia, cause a motile ciliopathy that is characterized by hydrocephalus internus, chronic destructive airway disease, and randomization of left/right body asymmetry. Mutant respiratory epithelial cells are unable to generate a fluid flow and exhibit a reduced number of cilia per cell, as documented by high-speed video microscopy (HVMA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and immunofluorescence analysis (IF). TEM and IF demonstrate mislocalized basal bodies. In line with this finding, the focal adhesion protein PTK2 displays aberrant localization in the cytoplasm of the mutant respiratory epithelial cells.

18.
EuroIntervention ; 15(9): e736-e738, 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31579008
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604777

RESUMO

Infants suffering from life-threatening apnea, stridor, cyanosis, and increased muscle tone may often be mis-diagnosed with infantile seizures and inappropriately treated due to lack and delay in genetic diagnosis. Here, we report a patient with increased muscle tone after birth and hypertonic attacks with life-threatening apnea but no epileptiform patterns in EEG recordings. We identified novel compound heterozygous variants in SLC6A5 (NM_004211.4:c.[1429T>C];[1430delC]) by trio whole exome sequencing, containing a base deletion inherited by the asymptomatic mother leading to a frameshift (c.1430delC, p.Ser477PhefsTer9) and a de-novo base exchange leading to an amino acid change (c.1429T>C, p.Ser477Pro). To date, there are four known disease-causing genes for primary hyperekplexia, all of which are involved in the functioning of glycinergic synapses. SLC6A5 encodes the sodium- and chloride-dependent glycine transporter 2 (Glyt2), which recaptures glycine, a major inhibitory transmitter in brain stem and spinal cord. The diagnosis altered the patient's medical care to his benefit since SLC6A5 mutations with rather benign courses of hyperekplexia may be spared of needless pharmacotherapy. Symptoms eventually decreased in frequency until about once in two months at two years age. We present the first report of halting hyperekplexia episodes by maternal soothing in multiple instances. We highlight the importance of quick genetic diagnosis by rapid next-generation sequencing techniques in this group of infantile apneic attacks with hyperekplexia due to the broad differential diagnoses.

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