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1.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(17): 1714-1726, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488299

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to report short- and long-term efficacy and safety outcomes of retrograde tibioperoneal access for endovascular treatment of chronic total occlusions (CTOs). BACKGROUND: Antegrade recanalization of peripheral CTO is associated with a high failure rate and retrograde puncture of tibioperoneal arteries has been adopted to overcome this limitation. METHODS: Within a retrospective single center cohort study, data of 554 infrainguinal occlusions were acquired in which a retrograde puncture of at least 1 infrapopliteal artery became necessary. Techniques used for access, retrograde lesion crossing, and antegrade treatment modalities were recorded. Next to short-term outcomes, long-term results through 4 years were described using survival analysis. RESULTS: The majority of patients (71.5%) had critical limb ischemia (CLI) and occlusion locations were the femoropopliteal segment (35.9%), infrapopliteal segment (42.6%), or both segments (21.5%). Retrograde access was most commonly performed via the proximal (28%) or distal (34%) anterior tibial artery. Retrograde access could be established in 98.6% and subsequent lesion crossing was successful in 95.1%. Complications due to distal puncture were rare (3.3%). At 1 year, freedom from target lesion revascularization and restenosis were 74.6 ± 3.7% and 67.5 ± 4.4% in claudicants and 62.2 ± 2.8% and 36.0 ± 4.4% in CLI patients, respectively. Late complications at the distal puncture site after a median follow-up time of 234 days comprised 1 stenosis, 7 occlusions, and 3 clinically nonrelevant arteriovenous fistula occurring only in CLI patients. CONCLUSIONS: Retrograde tibioperoneal access is a safe option for recanalization of complex CTOs after a failed antegrade approach. Complications at the puncture site were rare.

2.
Hum Mutat ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464095

RESUMO

Rare coding variants in the triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-2 (TREM2) gene have been associated with Alzheimer disease (AD) and homozygous TREM2 loss-of-function variants have been reported in families with monogenic frontotemporal-like dementia with/without bone abnormalities. In a whole-exome sequencing study of a family with probable AD-type dementia without pathogenic variants in known autosomal dominant dementia disease genes and negative for the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele, we identified an extremely rare TREM2 coding variant, i.e. a glycine-to-tryptophan substitution at amino acid position 145 (NM_018965.3:c.433G>T/p.(Gly145Trp)). This alteration is found in only 1 of 251,150 control alleles in gnomAD. It was present in both severely affected as well as in another putatively affected and one 61 years old as yet unaffected family member suggesting incomplete penetrance and/or a variable age of onset. Gly145 maps to an intrinsically disordered region (IDR) of TREM2 between the immunoglobulin-like and transmembrane domain. Subsequent cellular studies showed that the variant led to IDR shortening and structural changes of the mutant protein resulting in an impairment of cellular responses upon receptor activation. Our results, suggest that a p.(Gly145Trp)-induced structural disturbance and functional impairment of TREM2 may contribute to the pathogenesis of an AD-like form of dementia. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389988

RESUMO

Importance: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acute, reversible heart failure syndrome featured by significant rates of in-hospital complications. There is a lack of data for risk stratification during hospitalization. Objective: To derive a simple clinical score for risk prediction of in-hospital complications among patients with TTS. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this prognostic study, 1007 consecutive patients were enrolled in the German and Italian Stress Cardiomyopathy (GEIST) registry from July 1, 2007, through December 31, 2017, and identified as the derivation cohort; 946 patients were enrolled in the Spanish Registry for Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (RETAKO) as the external score validation. An admission risk score was developed using a stepwise multivariable regression analysis from 2 registries. Data analysis was performed from March 1, 2018, through July 31, 2018. Main Outcomes and Measures: In-hospital complications were defined as death, pulmonary edema, need for invasive ventilation, and cardiogenic shock. Four variables were identified as independent predictors of in-hospital complications and were used for the score: male sex, history of neurologic disorder, right ventricular involvement, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Results: Of the 1007 patients enrolled in the GEIST registry, 107 (10.6%) were male, with mean (SD) age of 69.8 (11.4) years. Overall rate of in-hospital complications was 23.3% (235 of 1007) (death, 4.0%; pulmonary edema, 5.8%; invasive ventilation, 6.4%; and cardiogenic shock, 9.1%). The GEIST prognosis score was derived by providing 20 points each for male sex and history of neurologic disorders and 30 points for right ventricular involvement and then subtracting the value in percent of LVEF (decimal values between 0.15 and 0.70). Score accuracy on area under the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was 0.71, with a negative predictive power of 87% with scores less than 20. External validation in the RETAKO population (124 [13.1%] male; mean [SD] age, 69.5 [14.9] years) revealed an area under the curve of 0.73 (P = .46 vs GEIST derivation cohort). Stratification into 3 risk groups (<20, 20-40, and >40 points) classified 316 patients (40.9%) as having low risk; 342 (44.3%) as having intermediate risk, and 114 (14.8%) as having high risk of complications. The observed in-hospital complication rates were 12.7% for low-risk patients, 23.4% for intermediate-risk patients, and 58.8% for high-risk patients (P < .001 for trend). After 2.6 years of follow-up, patients with in-hospital complications had significantly higher rates of mortality than those without complications (40% vs 10%, P = .01). Conclusions and Relevance: The GEIST prognostic score may be useful in early risk stratification for TTS. High-risk patients with TTS may require an intensive care unit stay, and low-risk patients with TTS could be discharged within a few days. In-hospital complications in patients with TTS may be associated with increased risk of long-term mortality.

4.
J Hum Genet ; 64(10): 1051-1054, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388109

RESUMO

Rapid progress has recently been made in the elucidation of the genetic basis of childhood-onset inherited generalized dystonia (IGD) due to the implementation of genomic sequencing methodologies. We identified four patients with childhood-onset IGD harboring novel disease-causing mutations in lysine-specific histone methyltransferase 2B gene (KMT2B) by whole-exome sequencing. The main focus of this paper is to gain novel pathophysiological insights through understanding the molecular consequences of these mutations.The disease course is mostly progressive, evolving from lower limbs into generalized dystonia, which could be associated with dysarthria, dysphonia, intellectual disability, orofacial dyskinesia, and sometimes distinct dysmorphic facial features. In two patients, motor performances improved after bilateral implantation of deep brain stimulation in the globus pallidus internus (GPi-DBS). Pharmacotherapy with trihexyphenidyl reduced dystonia in two patients.We discovered three novel KMT2B mutations. Our analyses revealed that the mutation in patient 1 (c.7463 A > G, p.Y2488C) is localized in the highly conserved FYRC domain of KMT2B. This mutation holds the potential to alter the inter-domain FYR interactions, which could lead to KMT2B instability. The mutations in patients 2 and 3 (c.3602dupC, p.M1202Dfs*22; c.4229delA, p.Q1410Rfs*12) lead to predicted unstable transcripts, likely to be subject to degradation by non-sense mediated decay.Childhood-onset progressive dystonia with orofacial involvement is one of the main clinical manifestations of KMT2B mutations. In all, 26% (18/69) of the reported cases have T2 signal alterations of the globus pallidus internus, mostly at a younger age. Anticholinergic medication and GPi-DBS are promising treatment options and shall be considered early.An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

5.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(16): e011576, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387432

RESUMO

Background Despite limitations as a stand-alone parameter, left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction is the preferred measure of myocardial function and marker for postinfarction risk stratification. LV myocardial uniformity alterations may provide superior prognostic information after acute myocardial infarction, which was the subject of this study. Methods and Results Consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction (n=1082; median age: 63 years; 75% male) undergoing cardiac magnetic resonance at a median of 3 days after infarction were included in this multicenter observational study. Circumferential and radial uniformity ratio estimates were derived from cardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking as markers of mechanical uniformity alterations (values between 0 and 1 with 1 reflecting perfect uniformity). The clinical end point was the 12-month rate of major adverse cardiac events, consisting of all-cause death, reinfarction, and new congestive heart failure. Patients with major adverse cardiac events (n=73) had significantly impaired circumferential uniformity ratio estimates (0.76 [interquartile range: 0.67-0.86] versus 0.84 [interquartile range: 0.76-0.89]; P<0.001) and radial uniformity ratio estimates (0.69 [interquartile range: 0.60-0.79] versus 0.76 [interquartile range: 0.67-0.83]; P<0.001) compared with patients without events. Although uniformity estimates did not provide independent prognostic information in the overall cohort, a circumferential uniformity ratio estimate below the median of 0.84 emerged as an independent predictor of outcome in postinfarction patients with LV ejection fraction >35% (n=959), even after adjustment for established risk factors (hazard ratio: 1.99; 95% CI, 1.06-3.74; P=0.033 in multivariable Cox regression analysis). In contrast, LV ejection fraction was not associated with adverse events in this subgroup of patients with acute myocardial infarction. Conclusions Cardiac magnetic resonance-derived estimates of mechanical uniformity alterations are novel markers for risk assessment after acute myocardial infarction, and the circumferential uniformity ratio estimate provides independent prognostic information for patients with preserved or only moderately reduced LV ejection fraction.

7.
Int J Cardiol ; 2019 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sex-specific outcome data following myocardial infarction (MI) are inconclusive with some evidence suggesting association of female sex and increased major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Since mechanistic principles remain elusive, we aimed to quantify the underlying phenotype using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) quantitative deformation imaging and tissue characterisation. METHODS: In total, 795 ST-elevation MI patients underwent post-interventional CMR imaging. Feature-tracking (CMR-FT) was performed in a blinded core-laboratory. Left ventricular function was quantified using ejection fraction (LVEF) and global longitudinal/circumferential/radial strains (GLS/GCS/GRS). Left atrial function was assessed by reservoir (εs), conduit (εe) and booster-pump strains (εa). Tissue characterisation included infarct size, microvascular obstruction and area at risk. Primary endpoint was the occurrence of MACE within 1 year. RESULTS: Female sex was associated with increased MACE (HR 1.96, 95% CI 1.13-3.42, p = 0.017) but not independently of baseline confounders (p = 0.526) with women being older, more often diabetic and hypertensive (p < 0.001) and of higher Killip-class (p = 0.010). Tissue characterisation was similar between sexes. Women showed impaired atrial (εs p = 0.011, εe p < 0.001) but increased systolic ventricular mechanics (GLS p = 0.001, LVEF p = 0.048). While atrial and ventricular function predicted MACE in men only LV GLS and GCS were associated with MACE in women irrespective of confounders (GLS p = 0.036, GCS p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: In men ventricular systolic contractility is impaired and volume assessments precisely stratify elevated risks. In contrast, women experience reduced atrial but increased ventricular systolic strain. This may reflect ventricular diastolic failure with systolic compensation, which is independently associated with MACE adding incremental value to sex-specific prognosis evaluation.

8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(15): e010881, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311438

RESUMO

Background Clinical characteristics and outcomes of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) patients with malignancy have not been fully elucidated. This study sought to explore differences in clinical characteristics and to investigate short- and long-term outcomes in TTS patients with or without malignancy. Methods and Results TTS patients were enrolled from the International Takotsubo Registry. The TTS cohort was divided into patients with and without malignancy to investigate differences in clinical characteristics and to assess short- and long-term mortality. A subanalysis was performed comparing long-term mortality between a subset of TTS patients with or without malignancy and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with or without malignancy. Malignancy was observed in 16.6% of 1604 TTS patients. Patients with malignancy were older and more likely to have physical triggers, but less likely to have emotional triggers compared with those without malignancy. Long-term mortality was higher in patients with malignancy (P<0.001), while short-term outcome was comparable (P=0.17). In a subanalysis, long-term mortality was comparable between TTS patients with malignancies and ACS patients with malignancies (P=0.13). Malignancy emerged as an independent predictor of long-term mortality. Conclusions A substantial number of TTS patients show an association with malignancy. History of malignancy might increase the risk for TTS, and therefore, appropriate screening for malignancy should be considered in these patients. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrial.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01947621.

9.
Circ Res ; 125(2): 245-258, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268854

RESUMO

Primary percutaneous coronary intervention is nowadays the preferred reperfusion strategy for patients with acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, aiming at restoring epicardial infarct-related artery patency and achieving microvascular reperfusion as early as possible, thus limiting the extent of irreversibly injured myocardium. Yet, in a sizeable proportion of patients, primary percutaneous coronary intervention does not achieve effective myocardial reperfusion due to the occurrence of coronary microvascular obstruction (MVO). The amount of infarcted myocardium, the so-called infarct size, has long been known to be an independent predictor for major adverse cardiovascular events and adverse left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction. Previous cardioprotection studies were mainly aimed at protecting cardiomyocytes and reducing infarct size. However, several clinical and preclinical studies have reported that the presence and extent of MVO represent another important independent predictor of adverse left ventricular remodeling, and recent evidences support the notion that MVO may be more predictive of major adverse cardiovascular events than infarct size itself. Although timely and complete reperfusion is the most effective way of limiting myocardial injury and subsequent ventricular remodeling, the translation of effective therapeutic strategies into improved clinical outcomes has been largely disappointing. Of importance, despite the presence of a large number of studies focused on infarct size, only few cardioprotection studies addressed MVO as a therapeutic target. In this review, we provide a detailed summary of MVO including underlying causes, diagnostic techniques, and current therapeutic approaches. Furthermore, we discuss the hypothesis that simultaneously addressing infarct size and MVO may help to translate cardioprotective strategies into improved clinical outcome following ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction.

10.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognosis in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) depends on the amount of infarct-related artery (IRA)-subtended myocardium and associated damage but has not been described in great detail. Consequently, we sought to describe IRA-associated pathophysiological consequences using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). METHODS: 1235 AMI patients (n = 795 ST-elevation (STEMI) and 440 non-STEMI) underwent CMR following percutaneous coronary intervention. Blinded core-laboratory data were compared according to left anterior descending (LAD), left circumflex (LCx) and right coronary artery (RCA) regarding major adverse clinical events (MACE) within 12 months. Left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal/circumferential/radial (GLS/GCS/GRS) as well as left atrial (LA) total (εs), passive (εe) and active (εa) strains were determined using CMR-feature tracking. Tissue characterisation included infarct size (IS) and microvascular obstruction. RESULTS: LAD and LCx were associated with higher mortality compared to RCA lesions (4.6% and 4.4% vs 1.6%). LAD lesions showed largest IS (16.8%), largest ventricular [LV ejection fraction (EF) 47.4%, GLS - 13.2%, GCS - 20.8%] and atrial (εs 20.2%) impairment. There was less impairment in LCx (IS 11.8%, LVEF 50.8%, GLS - 17.4%, GCS - 25.0%, εs 20.7%) followed by RCA lesions (IS 11.3%, LVEF 50.8%, GLS - 19.1%, GCS - 26.6%, εs 21.7%). In AUC analyses, εs (LAD, RCA) and GLS (LCx) best predicted MACE (AUC > 0.69). Multivariate analyses identified εs (p = 0.017) in LAD and GLS (p = 0.034) in LCx infarcts as independent predictors of MACE. CONCLUSIONS: CMR allows IRA-specific phenotyping and characterisation of morphologic and functional changes. These alterations carry infarct-specific prognostic implications, and may represent novel diagnostic and therapeutic targets following AMI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00712101 and NCT01612312.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329854

RESUMO

AIMS: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) global longitudinal strain (GLS) provides incremental prognostic value following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) but requires substantial post-processing. Alternatively, manual global long-axis strain (LAS) can be easily assessed from standard steady state free precession images. We aimed to define the prognostic value of LAS in a large multicentre study in patients following AMI. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1235 patients with myocardial infarction [n = 795 with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 440 with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)] underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in eight centres across Germany. Assessment of LAS was performed in a blinded core-laboratory measuring the systolic shortening between the epicardial apical border and the middle of a line connecting the origins of the mitral leaflets. Primary clinical endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse clinical events (MACE) including death, reinfarction, and congestive heart failure within 1 year after AMI. During 1-year follow-up, 76 patients suffered from MACE. Impaired LAS was associated with higher MACE occurrence both in STEMI (P < 0.001) and NSTEMI (P = 0.001) patients. Association of LAS remained significant (P = 0.017) after correction for univariate significant parameters for MACE prediction. C-statistics revealed incremental value of additional LAS assessment for optimized event prediction compared with left ventricular ejection fraction (MACE P = 0.044; mortality P = 0.013) and a combination of established clinical and imaging parameters (MACE P = 0.084; mortality P = 0.027), but not CMR-FT GLS (MACE P = 0.075; mortality P = 0.380). CONCLUSION: LAS provides software independent, widely available, easy and fast approximation of longitudinal left ventricular shortening early after reperfused AMI with incremental prognostic value beyond established risk stratification parameters. CLINICAL TRIALS.GOV: NCT00712101 and NCT01612312.

12.
Eur Heart J ; 40(32): 2671-2683, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274157

RESUMO

Cardiogenic shock (CS) remains the most common cause of death in patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and mortality remained nearly unchanged in the range of 40-50% during the last two decades. Early revascularization, vasopressors and inotropes, fluids, mechanical circulatory support, and general intensive care measures are widely used for CS management. However, there is only limited evidence for any of the above treatment strategies except for revascularization and the relative ineffectiveness of intra-aortic balloon pumping. This updated review will outline the management of CS complicating AMI with major focus on state-of-the art treatment.

13.
Ann Neurol ; 86(3): 368-383, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298765

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) starts in early childhood with loss of visual acuity and color vision deficits. OPA1 mutations are responsible for the majority of cases, but in a portion of patients with a clinical diagnosis of ADOA, the cause remains unknown. This study aimed to identify novel ADOA-associated genes and explore their causality. METHODS: Linkage analysis and sequencing were performed in multigeneration families and unrelated patients to identify disease-causing variants. Functional consequences were investigated in silico and confirmed experimentally using the zebrafish model. RESULTS: We defined a new ADOA locus on 7q33-q35 and identified 3 different missense variants in SSBP1 (NM_001256510.1; c.113G>A [p.(Arg38Gln)], c.320G>A [p.(Arg107Gln)] and c.422G>A [p.(Ser141Asn)]) in affected individuals from 2 families and 2 singletons with ADOA and variable retinal degeneration. The mutated arginine residues are part of a basic patch that is essential for single-strand DNA binding. The loss of a positive charge at these positions is very likely to lower the affinity of SSBP1 for single-strand DNA. Antisense-mediated knockdown of endogenous ssbp1 messenger RNA (mRNA) in zebrafish resulted in compromised differentiation of retinal ganglion cells. A similar effect was achieved when mutated mRNAs were administered. These findings point toward an essential role of ssbp1 in retinal development and the dominant-negative nature of the identified human variants, which is consistent with the segregation pattern observed in 2 multigeneration families studied. INTERPRETATION: SSBP1 is an essential protein for mitochondrial DNA replication and maintenance. Our data have established pathogenic variants in SSBP1 as a cause of ADOA and variable retinal degeneration. ANN NEUROL 2019;86:368-383.

14.
Radiology ; 292(3): 608-617, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31361205

RESUMO

BackgroundThe establishment of a timely and correct diagnosis in heart failure-like myocarditis remains one of the most challenging in clinical cardiology.PurposeTo assess the diagnostic potential of texture analysis in heart failure-like myocarditis with comparison to endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) as the reference standard.Materials and MethodsSeventy-one study participants from the Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Myocarditis (MyoRacer) trial (ClinicalTrials.gov registration no. NCT02177630) with clinical suspicion for myocarditis and symptoms of heart failure were prospectively included (from August 2012 to May 2015) in the study. Participants underwent biventricular EMB and cardiac MRI at 1.5 T, including native T1 and T2 mapping and standard Lake Louise criteria. Texture analysis was applied on T1 and T2 maps by using an open-source software. Stepwise dimension reduction was performed for selecting features enabling the diagnosis of myocarditis. Diagnostic performance was assessed from the area under the curve (AUC) from receiver operating characteristic analyses with 10-fold cross validation.ResultsIn participants with acute heart failure-like myocarditis (n = 31; mean age, 47 years ± 17; 10 women), the texture feature GrayLevelNonUniformity from T2 maps (T2_GLNU) showed diagnostic performance similar to that of mean myocardial T2 time (AUC, 0.69 for both). The combination of mean T2 time and T2_GLNU had the highest AUC (0.76; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.43, 0.95), with sensitivity of 81% (25 of 31) and specificity of 71% (22 of 31). In patients with chronic heart failure-like myocarditis (n = 40; mean age, 48 years ± 13; 12 women), the histogram feature T2_kurtosis demonstrated superior diagnostic performance compared to that of all other single parameters (AUC, 0.81; 95% CI: 0.66, 0.96). The combination of the two texture features, T2_kurtosis and the GrayLevelNonUniformity from T1, had the highest diagnostic performance (AUC, 0.85; 95% CI: 0.57, 0.90; sensitivity, 90% [36 of 40]; and specificity, 72% [29 of 40]).ConclusionIn this proof-of-concept study, texture analysis applied on cardiac MRI T1 and T2 mapping delivers quantitative imaging parameters for the diagnosis of acute or chronic heart failure-like myocarditis and might be superior to Lake Louise criteria or averaged myocardial T1 or T2 values.© RSNA, 2019Online supplemental material is available for this article.See also the editorial by de Roos in this issue.

15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(15): 1423-1434, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326430

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the impact of chronic right ventricular (RV) volume overload and implications of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) reduction on biventricular function. BACKGROUND: Severe TR is a major determinant of adverse outcomes in advanced heart failure patients. The understanding of TR pathophysiology and implications of correction is still limited. Transcatheter tricuspid edge-to-edge repair (TTVR) is a new treatment option in patients at high surgical risk and provides a unique pathophysiological model without confounding effects of cardiac surgery. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients (78 ± 4 years of age) with severe isolated TR and high surgical risk underwent TTVR using the MitraClip system, and of these 18 underwent repeated cardiac magnetic resonance. Clinical follow-up was realized at 1 and 6 months after the intervention. RESULTS: TR fraction was reduced from 41% to 21% (p < 0.01) without increase in RV afterload (p = 0.52) and RV end-diastolic volume (p < 0.01), and RV stroke volume decreased (p = 0.03), whereas RV effective forward flow increased (p = 0.03). Left ventricular (LV) filling improved with an increase in LV end-diastolic volume (p = 0.01) and LV stroke volume (p = 0.02), leading to an augmentation of cardiac indices (2.2 ± 0.6 l/min/m2 vs. 2.7 ± 0.6 l/min/m2; p < 0.01) with similar results at 6 months follow-up. After TTVR, New York Heart Association functional class significantly improved (p < 0.01), peripheral edema decreased (p = 0.01), and 6-min walk distance increased by 20% and 22% after 1 and 6 months, respectively (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: TTVR reduces chronic RV volume overload without increase in RV afterload, improves RV performance and LV filling, and enhances cardiac output. These changes translate into symptomatic and functional improvement. These implications for biventricular physiology and clinical status are maintained at 6 months follow-up.

16.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358956

RESUMO

It is challenging to estimate genetic variant burden across different subtypes of epilepsy. Herein, we used a comparative approach to assess the genetic variant burden and genotype-phenotype correlations in four most common brain lesions in patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. Targeted sequencing analysis was performed for a panel of 161 genes with a mean coverage of >400×. Lesional tissue was histopathologically reviewed and dissected from hippocampal sclerosis (n = 15), ganglioglioma (n = 16), dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (n = 8), and focal cortical dysplasia type II (n = 15). Peripheral blood (n = 12) or surgical tissue samples histopathologically classified as lesion-free (n = 42) were available for comparison. Variants were classified as pathogenic or likely pathogenic according to American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines. Overall, we identified pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants in 25.9% of patients with a mean coverage of 383×. The highest number of pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants was observed in patients with ganglioglioma (43.75%; all somatic) and dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (37.5%; all somatic), and in 20% of cases with focal cortical dysplasia type II (13.33% somatic, 6.67% germline). Pathogenic/likely pathogenic positive genes were disorder specific and BRAF V600E the only recurrent pathogenic variant. This study represents a reference for the genetic variant burden across the four most common lesion entities in patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. The observed large variability in variant burden by epileptic lesion type calls for whole exome sequencing of histopathologically well-characterized tissue in a diagnostic setting and in research to discover novel disease-associated genes.

18.
Curr Opin Crit Care ; 25(4): 363-364, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246638
19.
Hypertension ; 74(2): 341-348, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203726

RESUMO

Patients with isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) are thought to show a diminished blood pressure (BP)-lowering effect after renal sympathetic denervation (RDN). This conclusion is mostly derived from unipolar radiofrequency catheter ablation studies. Limited data for newer RDN technologies exist. We used data from the RADIOSOUND-HTN (Three-Arm Randomized Trial of Different Renal Denervation Devices and Techniques in Patients With Resistant Hypertension) comparing 3 different RDN approaches to investigate a possible interaction between ISH and RDN response. One hundred twenty patients were stratified by having ISH or combined systolic-diastolic hypertension (CH). Of these, 39 underwent radiofrequency ablation of the renal main arteries, 39 combined radiofrequency ablation of the main and branch arteries, and 42 were treated with ultrasound-based ablation of the main renal artery. Patients with ISH (n=61) were older and had lower systolic and diastolic BP on ambulatory measurement (ambulatory BP measurement) at baseline in comparison to CH (n=59). At 3 months, patients with ISH showed a less pronounced BP-lowering effect of RDN as compared to patients with CH (daytime average -5.9±11.8 versus -13.3±11.7 mm Hg, P=0.001). This difference was significant for radiofrequency ablation of the renal main arteries and ultrasound-based ablation of the main renal artery treatment but did not reach significance in the radiofrequency ablation of the main and branch arteries group. After adjustment for baseline BP values and age, there was no significant difference in BP reduction between ISH and CH. Using unadjusted BP values, RDN seems to be more effective in CH than in ISH. However, adjusting for baseline BP values revealed similar BP reduction in ISH and CH patients, irrespective of the RDN treatment used. The value of ISH as predictor for successful RDN might have been overestimated in the past. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT02920034.

20.
Am Heart J ; 214: 60-68, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The DanGer Shock trial test the hypothesis that left ventricular (LV) mechanical circulatory support with Impella CP transvalvular microaxial flow pump improves survival in patients with ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock (AMICS) compared to conventional guideline-driven treatment. This paper describes the rationale and design of the randomized trial, in addition to the baseline characteristics of the population screened and enrolled so far. METHODS: The DanGer Shock study is a prospective, multicenter, open-label trial in patients with AMICS randomized 1:1 to Impella CP or current guideline-driven therapy with planned enrollment of 360 patients. Patients comatose after out of hospital cardiac arrest are excluded. Eligible patients are randomized immediately following shock diagnosis. Among patients randomized to receive Impella CP, the device is placed prior to angioplasty. The primary endpoint is all-cause mortality at 180 days. Baseline characteristics of patients screened and randomized in the DanGer Shock as of June 2018 are compared with 2 contemporary AMICS studies. RESULTS: As of end of June 2018, 314 patients were screened and 100 patients were randomized. Patients had median arterial lactate of 5.5 mmol/L (interquartile range 3.7-8.8 mmol/L), median systolic blood pressure of 76 mmHg (interquartile range 70-88 mmHg), and median LV ejection fraction of 20% (interquartile range 10%-30%). CONCLUSION: The DanGer Shock trial will be the first adequately powered randomized trial to address whether mechanical circulatory LV support with Impella CP can improve survival in AMICS. Baseline characteristics of the first 100 randomized patients indicate a population in profound cardiogenic shock.

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