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1.
Nanotechnology ; 27(42): 425401, 2016 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27632684

RESUMO

In this work, we demonstrate homogeneously distributed In0.3Ga0.7N/GaN quantum disks (QDs), with an average diameter below 10 nm and a high density of 2.1 × 10(11) cm(-2), embedded in 20 nm tall nanopillars. The scalable top-down fabrication process involves the use of self-assembled ferritin bio-templates as the etch mask, spin coated on top of a strained In0.3Ga0.7N/GaN single quantum well (SQW) structure, followed by a neutral beam etch (NBE) method. The small dimensions of the iron cores inside ferritin and nearly damage-free process enabled by the NBE jointly contribute to the observation of photoluminescence (PL) from strain-relaxed In0.3Ga0.7N/GaN QDs at 6 K. The large blueshift of the peak wavelength by over 70 nm manifests a strong reduction of the quantum-confined Stark effect (QCSE) within the QD structure, which also agrees well with the theoretical prediction using a 3D Schrödinger equation solver. The current results hence pave the way towards the realization of large-scale III-N quantum structures using the combination of bio-templates and NBE, which is vital for the development of next-generation lighting and communication devices.

2.
Sci Rep ; 5: 9371, 2015 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25792119

RESUMO

Quantum dots photonic devices based on the III-V compound semiconductor technology offer low power consumption, temperature stability, and high-speed modulation. We fabricated GaAs nanodisks (NDs) of sub-20-nm diameters by a top-down process using a biotemplate and neutral beam etching (NBE). The GaAs NDs were embedded in an AlGaAs barrier regrown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE). The temperature dependence of photoluminescence emission energies and the transient behavior were strongly affected by the quantum confinement effects of the embedded NDs. Therefore, the quantum levels of the NDs may be tuned by controlling their dimensions. We combined NBE and MOVPE in a high-throughput process compatible with industrial production systems to produce GaAs NDs with tunable optical characteristics. ND light emitting diode exhibited a narrow spectral width of 38 nm of high-intensity emission as a result of small deviation of ND sizes and superior crystallographic quality of the etched GaAs/AlGaAs layer.

3.
Nanotechnology ; 24(28): 285301, 2013 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23787817

RESUMO

We successfully fabricated defect-free, distributed and sub-20-nm GaAs quantum dots (named GaAs nanodisks (NDs)) by using a novel top-down technique that combines a new bio-template (PEGylated ferritin) and defect-free neutral beam etching (NBE). Greater flexibility was achieved when engineering the quantum levels of ND structures resulted in greater flexibility than that for a conventional quantum dot structure because structures enabled independent control of thickness and diameter parameters. The ND height was controlled by adjusting the deposition thickness, while the ND diameter was controlled by adjusting the hydrogen-radical treatment conditions prior to NBE. Photoluminescence emission due to carrier recombination between the ground states of GaAs NDs was observed, which showed that the emission energy shift depended on the ND diameters. Quantum level engineering due to both diameter and thickness was verified from the good agreement between the PL emission energy and the calculated quantum confinement energy.


Assuntos
Arsenicais/química , Gálio/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Pontos Quânticos , Biotecnologia/métodos , Ferritinas/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Polietilenoglicóis/química
4.
J Biomed Opt ; 14(2): 024048, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19405776

RESUMO

This work is first a description of a statistical simulation algorithm developed for simulating the spectral absorption and emission of several fluorophores in an absorbing and diffusing multilayer model. Second, a detailed experimental validation of the simulation program is conducted on two sets of liquid and solid multilayer phantoms, containing one, two, or three fluorophores, within absorbing and scattering media. Experimental spatially resolved reflectance spectra are acquired in the wavelength band 400 to 800 nm and compared to corresponding simulated spectra. The degree of similarity between experimentation and simulation data is quantified. The results obtained underline good correlations with mean errors varying from 2 to 10%, depending on the number of layers and on the complexity of the phantom's composition.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Microscopia de Fluorescência por Excitação Multifotônica/métodos , Modelos Biológicos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Animais , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Microscopia de Fluorescência por Excitação Multifotônica/instrumentação , Modelos Estatísticos , Método de Monte Carlo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/instrumentação
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