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1.
J Med Chem ; 62(5): 2265-2285, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785748

RESUMO

Recently, our research group reported the identification of BMS-986104 (2) as a differentiated S1P1 receptor modulator. In comparison to fingolimod (1), a full agonist of S1P1 currently marketed for the treatment of relapse remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), 2 offers several potential advantages having demonstrated improved safety multiples in preclinical evaluations against undesired pulmonary and cardiovascular effects. In clinical trials, 2 was found to exhibit a pharmacokinetic half-life ( T1/2) longer than that of 1, as well as a reduced formation of the phosphate metabolite that is required for activity against S1P1. Herein, we describe our efforts to discover highly potent, partial agonists of S1P1 with a shorter T1/2 and increased in vivo phosphate metabolite formation. These efforts culminated in the discovery of BMS-986166 (14a), which was advanced to human clinical evaluation. The pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship as well as pulmonary and cardiovascular safety assessments are discussed. Furthermore, efficacy of 14a in multiple preclinical models of autoimmune diseases are presented.

2.
Medchemcomm ; 8(4): 725-729, 2017 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30108791

RESUMO

Recently, our research group reported the identification of prodrug amino-alcohol 2 as a potent and efficacious S1P1 receptor modulator. This molecule is differentiated preclinically over the marketed drug fingolimod (Gilenya 1), whose active phosphate metabolite is an S1P1 full agonist, in terms of pulmonary and cardiovascular safety. S1P1 partial agonist 2, however, has a long half-life in rodents and was projected to have a long half-life in humans. The purpose of this communication is to disclose highly potent partial agonists of S1P1 with shorter half-lives relative to the clinical compound 2. PK/PD relationships as well as their preclinical pulmonary and cardiovascular safety assessment are discussed.

3.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 7(3): 283-8, 2016 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26985316

RESUMO

Clinical validation of S1P receptor modulation therapy was achieved with the approval of fingolimod (Gilenya, 1) as the first oral therapy for relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis. However, 1 causes a dose-dependent reduction in the heart rate (bradycardia), which occurs within hours after first dose. We disclose the identification of clinical compound BMS-986104 (3d), a novel S1P1 receptor modulator, which demonstrates ligand-biased signaling and differentiates from 1 in terms of cardiovascular and pulmonary safety based on preclinical pharmacology while showing equivalent efficacy in a T-cell transfer colitis model.

4.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther ; 354(2): 152-65, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26015463

RESUMO

Therapies targeting either interleukin (IL)-23 or IL-17 have shown promise in treating T helper 17 (Th17)-driven autoimmune diseases. Although IL-23 is a critical driver of IL-17, recognition of nonredundant and independent functions of IL-23 and IL-17 has prompted the notion that dual inhibition of both IL-23 and IL-17 could offer even greater efficacy for treating autoimmune diseases relative to targeting either cytokine alone. To test this hypothesis, we generated selective inhibitors of IL-23 and IL-17 and tested the effect of either treatment alone compared with their combination in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, using a novel culture system of murine Th17 cells and NIH/3T3 fibroblasts, we showed that inhibition of both IL-23 and IL-17 completely suppressed IL-23-dependent IL-22 production from Th17 cells and cooperatively blocked IL-17-dependent IL-6 secretion from the NIH/3T3 cells to levels below either inhibitor alone. In vivo, in the imiquimod induced skin inflammation model, and in the myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein peptide-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model, we demonstrated that dual inhibition of IL-17 and IL-23 was more efficacious in reducing disease than targeting either cytokine alone. Together, these data support the hypothesis that neutralization of both IL-23 and IL-17 may provide enhanced benefit against Th17 mediated autoimmunity and provide a basis for a therapeutic strategy aimed at dual targeting IL-23 and IL-17.


Assuntos
Autoimunidade/imunologia , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/imunologia , Interleucina-17/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Interleucina-23/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-23/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Autoimunidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Cocultura , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células NIH 3T3 , Distribuição Aleatória
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