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1.
Am J Hematol ; 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567779

RESUMO

Long-term follow up of prospective studies has shown that continuous Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor (BTKi) therapy leads to durable remissions in previously untreated patients with TP53-altered chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); however, it is unknown how variant allele frequency (VAF) of TP53 mutation (TP53-m) or percentage of cells with deletion of chromosome 17p [del(17p)] influences efficacy of firstline BTKi. We performed a retrospective analysis of 130 patients with CLL with baseline del(17p) and/or TP53-m treated with BTKi with or without the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax (VEN) and with or without CD20 antibody in the firstline setting. A total of 104/131 (79%) patients had del(17p). TP53-m was noted in 89/110 (81%) patients tested; there were 101 unique TP53-m with an available VAF. The 4-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 72.9% and 83.6%. No baseline characteristics including IGHV mutation status and number of TP53 alterations were associated with significant differences in PFS or OS, though a trend towards shorter PFS with increasing karyotypic complexity (hazard ratio 1.08, p=0.066) was observed. Del(17p) was identified in <25% of cells in 26/104 (25%) of patients, and 28/101 (28%) of TP53-m were low-burden with a VAF of <10%; outcomes of these patients were similar to those with high-burden lesions. This study suggests that low-burden TP53 alterations should not be ignored when assessing genomic risk in CLL in the era of targeted therapy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 123: 105763, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366581

RESUMO

The SPRY domain-containing SOCS box protein-2 (SPSB2) plays a critical role in the degradation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in macrophages. In this study, we have conjugated a peptide inhibitor of the iNOS-SPSB2 interaction with a cell-penetrating peptide (CPP) for delivery into macrophages, and confirmed its binding to SPSB2. We have assessed the uptake of a fluorophore-tagged analogue by RAW 264.7 and immortalised bone marrow derived macrophage (iBMDM) cell lines, and shown that the CPP-peptide conjugate enhanced NO production. The findings of this study will be useful in further refinement of CPP-peptide conjugates as leads in the development of new antibiotics that target the host innate immune response.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Penetradores de Células , Óxido Nítrico , Peptídeos Penetradores de Células/farmacologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo
3.
Leuk Res ; 116: 106827, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430388

RESUMO

NOTCH1 is one of the most frequently mutated genes in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and has emerged as a marker of poor prognosis. In addition to coding NOTCH1 mutations involving exon 34, non-coding NOTCH1 mutations involving the 3' UTR have been described in a limited number of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients and were associated with adverse outcomes. In this study, 1574 CLL patients were assessed using targeted sequencing with a 29 gene panel and the results were correlated with prognostic characteristics. NOTCH1 mutations were detected in 252 (16%) patients, including both coding (220/252, 14%), non-coding (24/252, 1.5%) and a mixture of coding and non-coding (8/252, 0.5%) NOTCH1 mutations. NOTCH1 mutations were more commonly seen in patients with unmutated IGHV, ZAP70 positivity and CD38 positivity. Mixed NOTCH1 mutations were also more commonly seen in patients with unmutated IGHV and ZAP70. There was no association between mixed NOTCH1 mutations and CD38 expression in this cohort. The most common cytogenetic alteration detected in patients with coding and mixed NOTCH1 mutations was trisomy 12, whereas del13q was the most common cytogenetic alteration detected in patients with non-coding NOTCH1 mutation. The most common gene mutations co-occurring with coding NOTCH1 mutations were: TP53 (23.2%), SF3B1 (16.4%) and SPEN (10%). The most common gene mutations co-occurring with non-coding NOTCH1 mutations were: SF3B1 11(34.4%), ATM 4(12.5%) and TP53 4(12.5%). CLL patients with clonal coding and non-coding NOTCH1 mutations had a significantly shorter time-to-first treatment than patients with wild type NOTCH1 (4.3 vs 10.0 years and 0.9 vs 10.0 years respectively, p < 0.05). Similarly, CLL patients with subclonal coding NOTCH1 mutations had a significantly shorter time-to-first treatment than patients with wild type NOTCH1 (5.6 vs 10.0 years, p < 0.05). CLL patients with subclonal non-coding NOTCH1 mutations also had a shorter time-to-first treatment than patients with wild type NOTCH1 mutations, however, the difference was not significant (5.1 vs 10.0 years, p = 0.15). These data confirm that both coding and non-coding NOTCH1 mutations carry adverse prognostic impact and need to be included in sequencing assays performed for the prognostic workup of CLL patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Mutação , Prognóstico , Receptor Notch1/genética
4.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 1625, 2022 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35338128

RESUMO

The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative pathogens is an urgent global medical challenge. The old polymyxin lipopeptide antibiotics (polymyxin B and colistin) are often the only therapeutic option due to resistance to all other classes of antibiotics and the lean antibiotic drug development pipeline. However, polymyxin B and colistin suffer from major issues in safety (dose-limiting nephrotoxicity, acute toxicity), pharmacokinetics (poor exposure in the lungs) and efficacy (negligible activity against pulmonary infections) that have severely limited their clinical utility. Here we employ chemical biology to systematically optimize multiple non-conserved positions in the polymyxin scaffold, and successfully disconnect the therapeutic efficacy from the toxicity to develop a new synthetic lipopeptide, structurally and pharmacologically distinct from polymyxin B and colistin. This resulted in the clinical candidate F365 (QPX9003) with superior safety and efficacy against lung infections caused by top-priority MDR pathogens Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii and Klebsiella pneumoniae.


Assuntos
Colistina , Polimixina B , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Colistina/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Lipopeptídeos/farmacologia , Lipopeptídeos/uso terapêutico , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Polimixinas/farmacologia , Polimixinas/uso terapêutico , Pseudomonas aeruginosa
5.
BMC Biol ; 20(1): 73, 2022 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35331224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Supraphysiological hemodynamics are a recognized driver of platelet activation and thrombosis at high-grade stenosis and in blood contacting circulatory support devices. However, whether platelets mechano-sense hemodynamic parameters directly in free flow (in the absence of adhesion receptor engagement), the specific hemodynamic parameters at play, the precise timing of activation, and the signaling mechanism(s) involved remain poorly elucidated. RESULTS: Using a generalized Newtonian computational model in combination with microfluidic models of flow acceleration and quasi-homogenous extensional strain, we demonstrate that platelets directly mechano-sense acute changes in free-flow extensional strain independent of shear strain, platelet amplification loops, von Willebrand factor, and canonical adhesion receptor engagement. We define an extensional strain sensing "mechanosome" in platelets involving cooperative Ca2+ signaling driven by the mechanosensitive channel Piezo1 (as the primary strain sensor) and the fast ATP gated channel P2X1 (as the secondary signal amplifier). We demonstrate that type II PI3 kinase C2α activity (acting as a "clutch") couples extensional strain to the mechanosome. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that platelets are adapted to rapidly respond to supraphysiological extensional strain dynamics, rather than the peak magnitude of imposed wall shear stress. In the context of overall platelet activation and thrombosis, we posit that "extensional strain sensing" acts as a priming mechanism in response to threshold levels of extensional strain allowing platelets to form downstream adhesive interactions more rapidly under the limiting effects of supraphysiological hemodynamics.


Assuntos
Ativação Plaquetária , Trombose , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Canais Iônicos , Estresse Mecânico , Fator de von Willebrand/metabolismo
7.
Blood Cancer J ; 12(3): 43, 2022 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35301276

RESUMO

Protein expression for 384 total and post-translationally modified proteins was assessed in 871 CLL and MSBL patients and was integrated with clinical data to identify strategies for improving diagnostics and therapy, making this the largest CLL proteomics study to date. Proteomics identified six recurrent signatures that were highly prognostic of survival and time to first or second treatment at three levels: individual proteins, when grouped into 40 functionally related groups (PFGs), and systemically in signatures (SGs). A novel SG characterized by hairy cell leukemia like proteomics but poor therapy response was discovered. SG membership superseded other prognostic factors (Rai Staging, IGHV Status) and were prognostic for response to modern (BTK inhibition) and older CLL therapies. SGs and PFGs membership provided novel drug targets and defined optimal candidates for Watch and Wait vs. early intervention. Collectively proteomics demonstrates promise for improving classification, therapeutic strategy selection, and identifying novel therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Mutação , Prognóstico , Proteômica
9.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 22(4): 205-209, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774461

RESUMO

Chemoimmunotherapy (CIT) remains a standard-of-care in many regions for first line (1L) therapy of CLL. In fit patients, fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR) has the advantage of achieving undetectable measurable residual disease (MRD) with time-limited treatment and prolonged treatment-free remissions with a plateau on the PFS curve, but have several limitations, most notably the inferior PFS and survival outcomes for patients with unmutated IGHV compared to ibrutinib + rituximab seen in the E1912 study and a risk for long-term toxicities such as therapy-related myeloid neoplasms. Given the nonoverlapping toxicity profile with CIT and its efficacy in patients with high risk genomics, ibrutinib is a potentially useful agent to combine with CIT, with the aim of achieving deep and durable remissions, with time-limited treatment. Three recent phase 2 studies have combined ibrutinib with chemoimmunotherapy, utilizing different approaches in terms of patient selection, sequencing and duration of therapy and choice of monoclonal antibody. These studies all demonstrated favorable toxicity profiles and higher rates of undetectable MRD than with any other previously utilized 1L regimen. This review will focus on this novel treatment approach in CLL.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasia Residual/etiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Vidarabina
10.
Blood ; 139(5): 686-689, 2022 02 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788401

RESUMO

Richter syndrome (RS) of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is typically chemoresistant, with a poor prognosis. We hypothesized that the oral Bcl-2 inhibitor venetoclax could sensitize RS to chemoimmunotherapy and improve outcomes. We conducted a single-arm, investigator-sponsored, phase 2 trial of venetoclax plus dose-adjusted rituximab, etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and doxorubicin (VR-EPOCH) to determine the rate of complete response (CR). Patients received R-EPOCH for 1 cycle, then after count recovery, accelerated daily venetoclax ramp-up to 400 mg, then VR-EPOCH for up to 5 more 21-day cycles. Responders received venetoclax maintenance or cellular therapy off-study. Twenty-six patients were treated, and 13 of 26 (50%) achieved CR, with 11 achieving undetectable bone marrow minimal residual disease for CLL. Three additional patients achieved partial response (overall response rate, 62%). Median progression-free survival was 10.1 months, and median overall survival was 19.6 months. Hematologic toxicity included grade ≥3 neutropenia (65%) and thrombocytopenia (50%), with febrile neutropenia in 38%. No patients experienced tumor lysis syndrome with daily venetoclax ramp-up. VR-EPOCH is active in RS, with deeper, more durable responses than historical regimens. Toxicities from intensive chemoimmunotherapy and venetoclax were observed. Our data suggest that studies comparing venetoclax with chemoimmunotherapy to chemoimmunotherapy alone are warranted. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT03054896.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/administração & dosagem , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Etoposídeo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
11.
J Pers Med ; 11(11)2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34834536

RESUMO

Thalidomide analogues (or immunomodulatory imide drugs, IMiDs) are cornerstones in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). These drugs bind Cereblon (CRBN), a receptor for the Cullin-ring 4 ubiquitin-ligase (CRL4) complex, to modify its substrate specificity. IMiDs mediate CRBN-dependent engagement and proteasomal degradation of 'neosubstrates', Ikaros (IKZF1) and Aiolos (IKZF3), conveying concurrent antimyeloma activity and T-cell costimulation. There is now a greater understanding of physiological CRBN functions, including endogenous substrates and chaperone activity. CRISPR Cas9-based genome-wide screening has further elucidated the complex cellular machinery implicated in IMiD sensitivity, including IKZF1/3-independent mechanisms. New-generation IMiD derivatives with more potent anti-cancer properties-the CELMoDs (Cereblon E3 ligase modulators)-are now being evaluated. Rational drug design also allows 'hijacking' of CRL4CRBN utilising proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTACs) to convey entirely distinct substrate repertoires. As all these chemotypes-thalidomide, IMiDs, CELMoDs and PROTACs-engage CRBN and modify its functions, we describe them here in aggregate as 'CRBN-interacting small molecules' (CISMs). In this review, we provide a contemporary summary of the biological consequences of CRBN modulation by CISMs. Detailed molecular insight into CRBN-CISM interactions now provides an opportunity to more effectively target previously elusive cancer dependencies, representing a new and powerful tool for the implementation of precision medicine.

12.
Chem Sci ; 12(36): 12211-12220, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34667587

RESUMO

Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria represent a major medical challenge worldwide. New antibiotics are desperately required with 'old' polymyxins often being the only available therapeutic option. Here, we systematically investigated the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of polymyxins using a quantitative lipidomics-informed outer membrane (OM) model of Acinetobacter baumannii and a series of chemically synthesized polymyxin analogs. By integrating chemical biology and all-atom molecular dynamics simulations, we deciphered how each residue of the polymyxin molecule modulated its conformational folding and specific interactions with the bacterial OM. Importantly, a novel designed polymyxin analog FADDI-287 with predicted stronger OM penetration showed improved in vitro antibacterial activity. Collectively, our study provides a novel chemical biology and computational strategy to expedite the discovery of new-generation polymyxins against life-threatening Gram-negative 'superbugs'.

14.
Blood Adv ; 5(20): 3913-3918, 2021 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464974

RESUMO

Burkitt leukemia/lymphoma (BL) and high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBL) have a high incidence of central nervous system (CNS) involvement, which is associated with poor prognosis. The hyper-cyclophosphamide, vincristine, Adriamycin, and dexamethasone plus rituximab (CVAD-R) regimen includes systemic and intrathecal CNS-directed therapy to treat and prevent CNS disease. We report here the long-term safety and efficacy of the hyper-CVAD-R regimen in adults with BL and HGBL, focusing on its efficacy to prevent CNS relapse. Among 79 adults (54 BL, 25 HGBL), the median age was 44 years (25% ≥60 years old), 73% had bone marrow (BM) involvement, and 28% had CNS involvement. The complete response rate was 91% (BL 96%; HGBCL 79%; P = .16). The 5-year relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 58% and 52%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) was 21% (BL 14%; HGBCL 37%, P = .06) and was associated with baseline BM (27% vs 0%; P = .02) and CNS (42% vs 12%; P < .01) involvement. In multivariate analyses, age and CNS involvement were independent predictors for OS and RFS. The 5-year CNS CIR was 6% (BL 4%; HGBL 11%; P = .31); 16% with baseline CNS involvement (P = .03). Our data support the use of hyper-CVAD-R in preventing CNS relapse, especially among high-risk patients with BM or CNS involvement.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Burkitt/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
15.
Chemistry ; 27(58): 14489-14500, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415083

RESUMO

Our understanding of the factors affecting the stability of cyclic d/l peptide (CP) nanotubes remains underdeveloped. In this work, we investigate the impact of side chain alignment, hydrophobicity and charge on CP nanotube stability through X-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. We characterise the distinct CP-CP alignments that can form and identify stable and unstable dimers by MD simulation. We measure H-bond half-lives of synthesised CPs by 1 H-D exchange experiments and find good correlation with predicted CP-CP stabilities. We find that hydrophobic amino acids improve CP dimer stability but experimentally reduce solubility. Charged amino acids either increase or decrease CP dimer stability depending on the relative orientation and composition of charged groups. X-ray crystal structures are solved for two CPs, revealing non-tubular folded conformations. Ultimately, this work will assist the educated design of stable tubular structures for potential applications in biomedicine.


Assuntos
Nanotubos de Peptídeos , Nanotubos , Cristalografia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Peptídeos Cíclicos
16.
Sci Adv ; 7(23)2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078610

RESUMO

Recently, we published a novel method used to assess the trophic niches of different coral species and demonstrated that their nutrition varied considerably, with some species highly dependent on their photosynthetic algal symbionts and others able to feed on plankton to meet energetic requirements. Adjustments to the use of this tool are necessary when it is applied to other scientific questions and symbiotic organisms. We respond to a comment highlighting a risk of bias in the methods, discuss suggested adjustments, and propose further refinements to improve method robustness.

17.
Pharm Res ; 38(6): 1125-1137, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100217

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Successful oral peptide delivery faces two major hurdles: low enzymatic stability in the gastro-intestinal lumen and poor intestinal membrane permeability. While lipid-based formulations (LBF) have the potential to overcome these barriers, effective formulation of peptides remains challenging. Lipophilic salt (LS) technology can increase the apparent lipophilicity of peptides, making them more suitable for LBF. METHODS: As a model therapeutic peptide, octreotide (OCT) was converted to the docusate LS (OCT.DoS2), and compared to the commercial acetate salt (OCT.OAc2) in oral absorption studies and related in vitro studies, including parallel artificial membrane permeability assay (PAMPA), Caco-2, in situ intestine perfusion, and simulated digestion in vitro models. The in vivo oral absorption of OCT.DoS2 and OCT.OAc2 formulated in self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) was studied in rats. RESULTS: LS formulation improved the solubility and loading of OCT in LBF excipients and OCT.DoS2 in combination with SEDDS showed higher OCT absorption than the acetate comparator in the in vivo studies in rats. The Caco-2 and in situ intestine perfusion models indicated no increases in permeability for OCT.DoS2. However, the in vitro digestion studies showed reduced enzymatic degradation of OCT.DoS2 when formulated in the SEDDS formulations. Further in vitro dissociation and release studies suggest that the enhanced bioavailability of OCT from SEDDS-incorporating OCT.DoS2 is likely a result of higher partitioning into and prolonged retention within lipid colloid structures. CONCLUSION: The combination of LS and LBF enhanced the in vivo oral absorption of OCT primarily via the protective effect of LBF sheltering the peptide from gastrointestinal degradation.


Assuntos
Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Excipientes/farmacocinética , Absorção Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/farmacocinética , Octreotida/farmacocinética , Administração Oral , Animais , Células CACO-2 , Excipientes/administração & dosagem , Excipientes/síntese química , Absorção Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/síntese química , Humanos , Masculino , Octreotida/administração & dosagem , Octreotida/síntese química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sais
18.
JAMA Oncol ; 7(8): 1213-1219, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110383

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Oral targeted therapies have advanced the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). These therapies include Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors, used as monotherapy, and the Bcl-2 inhibitor venetoclax, typically combined with the CD20 monoclonal antibody. Preclinical studies have shown synergy between Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors and the Bcl-2 inhibitor venetoclax. OBJECTIVE: To examine the rate of complete remission, complete remission with incomplete count recovery, and bone marrow-undetectable measurable residual disease (U-MRD) after treatment with the combination of ibrutinib and venetoclax. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A single-center, phase 2 nonrandomized trial enrolled patients from August 17, 2016, to June 5, 2018. Participants included previously untreated patients with CLL who met International Workshop on CLL 2008 criteria for treatment indication. Patients were required to have at least 1 of the following features: del(17p), TP53-mutated CLL, del(11q), unmutated immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable gene, or age 65 years or older. INTERVENTIONS: Therapy consisted of ibrutinib, 420 mg/d, monotherapy for 3 cycles, thereafter combined with venetoclax (standard weekly dose ramp-up to 400 mg/d) for a total of 24 cycles of combination treatment. Responses were assessed at serial points according to International Workshop on CLL 2008 criteria. Measurable residual disease (MRD) was assessed by multicolor flow cytometry with a sensitivity of 10-4. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Outcomes included complete remission, complete remission with incomplete count recovery, and bone marrow U-MRD rate. RESULTS: Eighty patients (57 [71%] men) were treated; median age was 65 years (range, 26-83 years). The median follow-up for all 80 patients was 38.5 months (range, 5.6-51.1 months). Five patients discontinued the study during the ibrutinib monotherapy phase; the remaining 75 patients received combination therapy. On an intent-to-treat analysis of combined treatment, 45 (56%) patients achieved bone marrow U-MRD remission at 12 cycles and 53 (66%) patients achieved bone marrow U-MRD remission at 24 cycles. Overall, 60 (75%) patients achieved bone marrow U-MRD remission as their best response. Responses were seen across all high-risk subgroups, independent of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable gene mutation status, fluorescence in situ hybridization category, or TP53 mutation. The 3-year progression-free survival was 93%, and 3-year overall survival was 96%. No patient had CLL progression; 2 patients developed Richter transformation. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The findings of this study suggest that combination therapy with ibrutinib and venetoclax might be beneficial for previously untreated patients with CLL. Remissions appeared to be durable during a follow-up of more than 3 years, with activity seen across high-risk disease subgroups, including those with del(17p)/TP53-mutated CLL. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02756897.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Adenina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piperidinas , Sulfonamidas
19.
Biomedicines ; 9(5)2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33946612

RESUMO

The interleukin (IL)-6 family of cytokines and exaggerated signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3 signaling is implicated in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) pathogenesis, but the mechanisms regulating STAT3 expression and function are unknown. Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)1 and SOCS3 block STAT3, and low SOCS1 levels have been reported in IPF fibroblasts and shown to facilitate collagen production. Fibroblasts and lung tissue from IPF patients and controls were used to examine the mechanisms underlying SOCS1 down-regulation in IPF. A significant reduction in basal SOCS1 mRNA in IPF fibroblasts was confirmed. However, there was no difference in the kinetics of activation, and methylation of SOCS1 in control and IPF lung fibroblasts was low and unaffected by 5'-aza-2'-deoxycytidine' treatment. SOCS1 is a target of microRNA-155 and although microRNA-155 levels were increased in IPF tissue, they were reduced in IPF fibroblasts. Therefore, SOCS1 is not regulated by SOCS1 gene methylation or microRNA155 in these cells. In conclusion, we confirmed that IPF fibroblasts had lower levels of SOCS1 mRNA compared with control fibroblasts, but we were unable to determine the mechanism. Furthermore, although SOCS1 may be important in the fibrotic process, we were unable to find a significant role for SOCS1 in regulating fibroblast function.

20.
Br J Haematol ; 194(1): 61-68, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33973230

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) rarely presents in adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients (patients aged 15-39 years). Disease characteristics and outcomes of AYA patients with CLL are not well understood, particularly in the era of novel oral targeted therapies. We analysed outcomes of 227 AYA patients with CLL diagnosed in the last two decades and evaluated at our institution. Median time to first treatment (TTFT) was 2·2 years, and five- and 10-year overall survival (OS) were 90% and 78%, respectively. Pre-treatment elevated beta 2-microglobulin, advanced Rai stage, del(11q) or del(17p) by FISH, unmutated IGHV and CD38 positivity were associated with both shorter TTFT and OS. Within the subgroup of patients who received oral targeted therapy at any time, del(11q) or del(17p) and complex karyotype were associated with shorter OS. First-line treatment choice was significantly associated with time to second treatment (P < 0·001). Patients harbouring del(11q) or del(17p) experienced shorter time to Richter transformation and were more likely to undergo an allogeneic stem cell transplant. There was a significant association between age and both OS and time to Richter transformation. Our study is the first analysis of AYA patients with CLL with a large number of patients treated with oral targeted therapies.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/epidemiologia , Cariótipo Anormal , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/terapia , Linfoma de Células B/epidemiologia , Masculino , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome , Adulto Jovem
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