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1.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(7)2022 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35406580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes increases the risk of certain types of cancer. However, the literature regarding the incidence of diabetes after cancer diagnosis is inconsistent. We aimed to assess whether there was a higher incidence of diabetes among cancer patients by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis of results from cohort studies. METHODS: A systematic electronic literature search was carried out from cohort studies regarding the incidence of diabetes in cancer patients, using the databases PubMed (MEDLINE), Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Random-effects meta-analyses were conducted to pool the estimates. RESULTS: A total of 34 articles involving 360,971 cancer patients and 1,819,451 cancer-free controls were included in the meta-analysis. An increased pooled relative risk (RR) of 1.42 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.30-1.54, I2 = 95, τ2 = 0.0551, p < 0.01) for diabetes in cancer patients was found compared with the cancer-free population. The highest relative risk was observed in the first year after cancer diagnosis (RR = 2.06; 95% CI 1.63-2.60). CONCLUSIONS: New-onset diabetes is positively associated with cancer, but this association varies according to cancer type. More prospective studies with large sample sizes and longer follow-up times are advocated to further examine the association and the underlying mechanisms.

3.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 148(1): 155-162, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642793

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Limited research suggests that cancer survivors have problems with insurance. Our study aimed to gain insight into the proportion of very long-term (14-24 years post-diagnosis) survivors of breast, colorectal, and prostate cancers who had problems with health (HI) and life (LI) insurance. METHODS: We used data from CAESAR (CAncEr Survivorship-A multi-Regional population-based study). Participants completed questions on change in insurance providers since cancer diagnosis, problems with requesting (additional) HI or LI, and how potential problems were resolved. We conducted logistic regression to determine factors associated with change in statutory HI. RESULTS: Of the 2714 respondents, 174 (6%) reported having changed HI providers. Most switched between different statutory HI providers (86%), 9% from statutory to private, and 5% from private to statutory. Respondents who changed statutory HI providers were more likely to be prostate cancer survivors (OR 2.79, 95% CI 1.01-7.68) while being ≥ 65 years at time of diagnosis (OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.35-0.96) and having ≥ 2 comorbid conditions (OR 0.61, 95% CI 0.40-0.92) were associated with reduced odds for change. Problems in changing HI were minimal and were resolved with additional contribution. Of the 310 respondents who tried to get LI, 25 respondents reported having difficulties, of whom the majority had their request rejected. CONCLUSION: Most cancer survivors did not change their HI nor tried to buy LI after cancer diagnosis. Problems with changing statutory HI were generally resolved with additional contribution while the main problem encountered when buying LI was rejection of request.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Seleção Tendenciosa de Seguro , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguro de Vida/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Nutr Cancer ; 74(1): 158-167, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Being obese and having a sedentary lifestyle is associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among cancer survivors. The aim of the present study is to investigate the combined influence of body mass index (BMI) and physical activity on HRQoL in lymphoma survivors. METHODS: Lymphoma survivors diagnosed between 1999 and 2012 were invited to complete questionnaires about body height and weight, physical activity and HRQoL using the EORTC QLQ-C30. Multivariable analyses were conducted to evaluate the association of BMI and physical activity on HRQoL. RESULTS: 1.339 lymphoma survivors responded (response rate of 72%) of whom 43% had a healthy weight, 41% were overweight and 14% were obese. They spent on average 10 h, on moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per week. Multivariable linear regression analysis shows that relatively high active survivors reported higher HRQoL scores and less fatigue compared to relatively low active lymphoma survivors, regardless of BMI. CONCLUSION: MVPA was associated with higher HRQoL in lymphoma survivors regardless of BMI. Further studies, are needed to investigate effects of healthy lifestyle changes to improve HRQoL in lymphoma survivors. Research in understanding association of lifestyle factors may guide future support for lymphoma cancer survivors.


Assuntos
Linfoma , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Massa Corporal , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Linfoma/complicações , Sistema de Registros , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobreviventes
5.
J Natl Compr Canc Netw ; : 1-11, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34875626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors generally have a higher healthcare utilization (HCU) than the general population due to cancer burden. However, it is unclear which factors are associated with this increased uptake. Our study aimed to (1) compare CRC-related and non-CRC visits to general practitioners (GPs) and medical specialists (MSs) by comorbidities, and (2) assess whether HCU differs by demographic, clinical, and psychological factors. METHODS: We used data from a German population-based cohort of 1,718 survivors of stage I-III CRC diagnosed in 2003 through 2010 who provided information on HCU at 5-year follow-up. Multivariable linear regression was used to calculate least-square means of CRC-related and non-CRC HCU according to the Charlson comorbidity index and comorbidity cluster, adjusting for relevant demographic, clinical, and psychological characteristics. RESULTS: A higher comorbidity level was associated with more CRC-related MS visits and non-CRC GP visits. In addition to being strongly associated with non-CRC GP visits, comorbidity clusters were associated with CRC-related GP and MS visits, but their association varied by specific cardiometabolic comorbidities. HCU was less dependent on prognostic factors for CRC, such as age and tumor stage, but was strongly associated with disease recurrence, depression, and emotional functioning. CONCLUSIONS: Comorbidities, rather than age or tumor stage, were related to HCU, suggesting that CRC survivors use healthcare mainly for reasons other than cancer 5 years postdiagnosis. Improved communication between primary and tertiary healthcare providers could enhance the medical care of cancer survivors with complex health needs and thereby also reduce healthcare costs.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20977, 2021 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34697347

RESUMO

(1) To evaluate the prevalence of severe and chronic fatigue in subjects with and without chronic disease; (2) to assess to which extent multi-morbidity contributes to severe and chronic fatigue; and (3) to identify predisposing and associated factors for severe and chronic fatigue and whether these are disease-specific, trans-diagnostic, or generic. The Dutch Lifelines cohort was used, including 78,363 subjects with (n = 31,039, 53 ± 12 years, 33% male) and without (n = 47,324, 48 ± 12 years, 46% male) ≥ 1 of 23 chronic diseases. Fatigue was assessed with the Checklist Individual Strength-Fatigue. Compared to participants without a chronic disease, a higher proportion of participants with ≥ 1 chronic disease were severely (23% versus 15%, p < 0.001) and chronically (17% versus 10%, p < 0.001) fatigued. The odds of having severe fatigue (OR [95% CI]) increased from 1.6 [1.5-1.7] with one chronic disease to 5.5 [4.5-6.7] with four chronic diseases; for chronic fatigue from 1.5 [1.5-1.6] to 4.9 [3.9-6.1]. Multiple trans-diagnostic predisposing and associated factors of fatigue were found, explaining 26% of variance in fatigue in chronic disease. Severe and chronic fatigue are highly prevalent in chronic diseases. Multi-morbidity increases the odds of having severe and chronic fatigue. Several trans-diagnostic factors were associated with fatigue, providing a rationale for a trans-diagnostic approach.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato
7.
Cancer ; 127(19): 3680-3690, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to ascertain long-term cancer survivors' (LTCS') appraisal of medical care and how these perceptions may influence their health and well-being, including benefit finding (BF) and posttraumatic growth (PTG). METHODS: In total, 6952 LTCS from a multiregional population-based study in Germany completed the Benefit Finding Scale, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, the Questionnaire on Stress in Cancer, and self-designed questions on cognitive appraisal of medical care. The authors explored the mediating role of distress between medical care appraisal and BF and PTG and the possible moderation of time since diagnosis in this relationship. RESULTS: LTCS' medical care appraisals ("no unresolved/untreated symptoms," "satisfaction with cancer care," and "satisfaction with care for other diseases") were positively associated with BF. PTG was positively associated with "no unresolved/untreated symptoms" and negatively associated with "satisfaction with care for other diseases." Cancer distress partially mediated the associations between appraisals of medical care and BF, between "no unresolved/untreated symptoms" and PTG and between "satisfaction with care for other diseases" and PTG; whereas it totally mediated the association between "satisfaction with cancer care" and PTG. Time was a significant moderator in the model; the negative indirect effect of cognitive appraisal on BF and PTG through cancer distress weakened with longer time since diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer survivors' medical care appraisal is associated with their perceptions of BF and PTG through distress. Therefore, distress screening could be part of the regular workup to identify distressed cancer survivors who are not satisfied with medical care; these survivors may benefit from interventions to reduce distress and increase BF and PTG.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias , Crescimento Psicológico Pós-Traumático , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Adaptação Psicológica , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Cognição , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Sobreviventes/psicologia
8.
Br J Cancer ; 125(6): 877-883, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer studies reported mixed results on benefit finding (BF) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) prevalence and few were focused on long-term survivors. METHODS: BF and PTG were assessed in a multi-regional population-based study in Germany with 6952 breast, colorectal and prostate cancer survivors, using the Benefit Finding Scale and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory. We calculated the age-adjusted prevalence, stratified by demographical and clinical characteristics. RESULTS: Overall, 66.0% of cancer survivors indicated moderate-to-high BF, and 20.5% moderate-to-high PTG. Age-adjusted prevalence of BF and PTG differed according to cancer type (breast > colorectal > prostate) and sex (female > male). BF and PTG prevalence were higher in younger than in older respondents; the age-adjusted prevalence was higher in respondents who survived more years after diagnosis. The strength and direction of associations of age-adjusted prevalence with cancer stage, disease recurrence, and time since diagnosis varied according to cancer type and sex. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial proportion of long-term cancer survivors reported moderate-to-high BF and PTG. However, the prevalence was lower in older and male cancer survivors, and during the earlier years after cancer diagnosis. Further longitudinal studies on PTG and BF in cancer survivors are warranted to address heterogeneity in survivors' experience after cancer diagnosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Crescimento Psicológico Pós-Traumático , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
9.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(11)2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206134

RESUMO

(1) Background: Little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in very long-term cancer survivors (VLTCS) 10 and more years post-diagnosis. The objective was to compare cancer survivors' HRQoL 14-24 years post-diagnosis with that of same-aged non-cancer controls, stratified by age, sex, and disease status (disease-free vs. stage IV, recurrence, metastasis, or second cancer). (2) Methods: We recruited 2704 very long-term survivors of breast, colorectal and prostate cancer, and 1765 controls in German multi-regional population-based studies. The HRQoL was assessed by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30). Differences in the HRQoL were estimated with multiple regression, controlling for age, sex (where appropriate), and education. (3) Results: The overall global health status/quality of life of VLTCS more than a decade after diagnosis was slightly higher than that of population controls of the same age, but more symptoms and lower functioning were reported. Differences were small but statistically significant. Results differed by age, sex, and disease status. (4) Conclusions: The findings point out the need for a comprehensive survivorship care program in order to monitor and treat potential late and long-term effects after the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Survivorship care should be risk-adapted to survivors' needs according to sociodemographic and clinical factors.

11.
Eur Respir Rev ; 30(160)2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a distressing symptom in patients with COPD. Little is known about the factors that contribute to fatigue in COPD. This review summarises existing knowledge on the prevalence of fatigue, factors related to fatigue and the instruments most commonly used to assess fatigue in COPD. METHODS: Pubmed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Cochrane and CINAHL databases were searched for studies from inception up to 7 January 2020 using the medical subject headings "COPD" and "Fatigue". Studies were reviewed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. RESULTS: 196 studies were evaluated. The prevalence of fatigue ranged from 17-95%. Age (r=-0.23 to r=0.27), sex (r=0.11), marital status (r=-0.096), dyspnoea (r=0.13 to r=0.78), forced expiatory volume in 1 s % predicted (r=-0.55 to r=-0.076), number of exacerbations (r=0.27 to r=0.38), number of comorbidities (r=0.10), number of medications (r=0.35), anxiety (r=0.36 to r=0.61), depression (r=0.41 to r=0.66), muscle strength (r=-0.78 to r=-0.45), functional capacity (r=-0.77 to r=-0.14) and quality of life (r=0.48 to r=0.77) showed significant associations with fatigue. CONCLUSIONS: Fatigue is a prevalent symptom in patients with COPD. Multiple physical and psychological factors seem to be associated with fatigue. Future studies are needed to evaluate these underlying factors in integral analyses in samples of patients with COPD.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Qualidade de Vida , Dispneia , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia
12.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(11): 6259-6269, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847829

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Aside from urological and sexual problems, long-term (≥5 years after initial diagnosis) prostate cancer (PC) survivors might suffer from pain, fatigue, and depression. These concurrent symptoms can form a cluster. In this study, we aimed to investigate classes of this symptom cluster in long-term PC survivors, to classify PC survivors accordingly, and to explore associations between classes of this cluster and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Six hundred fifty-three stage T1-T3N0M0 survivors were identified from the Prostate Cancer Survivorship in Switzerland (PROCAS) study. Fatigue was assessed with the EORTC QLQ-FA12, depressive symptoms with the MHI-5, and pain with the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire. Latent class analysis was used to derive cluster classes. Factors associated with the derived classes were determined using multinomial logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Three classes were identified: class 1 (61.4%) - "low pain, low physical and emotional fatigue, moderate depressive symptoms"; class 2 (15.1%) - "low physical fatigue and pain, moderate emotional fatigue, high depressive symptoms"; class 3 (23.5%) - high scores for all symptoms. Survivors in classes 2 and 3 were more likely to be physically inactive, report a history of depression or some other specific comorbidity, be treated with radiation therapy, and have worse HRQoL outcomes compared to class 1. CONCLUSION: Three distinct classes of the pain, fatigue, and depression cluster were identified, which are associated with treatment, comorbidities, lifestyle factors, and HRQoL outcomes. Improving classification of PC survivors according to severity of multiple symptoms could assist in developing interventions tailored to survivors' needs.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias da Próstata , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Dor/epidemiologia , Dor/etiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobrevivência , Suíça/epidemiologia , Síndrome
14.
Cancer Med ; 9(22): 8713-8721, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022889

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is more prevalent in breast cancer (BC) survivors than in the general population. However, little is known about depression in long-term survivors. Study objectives were: (1) to compare the age-specific prevalence of depressive symptoms (a) in BC survivors vs female population controls, (b) in disease-free BC survivors vs BC survivors with self-reported recurrence vs controls, and (2) to explore determinants of depression in BC survivors. METHODS: About 3010 BC survivors (stage I-III, 5-16 years post-diagnosis), and 1005 population controls were recruited in German multi-regional population-based studies. Depression was assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale-15. Prevalence of mild/severe and severe depression only were estimated via logistic regression, controlling for age and education. Multinomial logistic regression was used to explore determinants of mild and severe depression. RESULTS: Compared with population controls, BC survivors were more likely to report mild/severe depression (30.4% vs 23.8%, p = .0003), adjusted for age and education. At all age groups <80 years, prevalence of both mild/severe and severe depression only was significantly higher in BC survivors, while BC survivors ≥80 years reported severe depression less frequently than controls. BC survivors with recurrence reported significantly higher prevalence of mild/severe depression than disease-free survivors and controls, but prevalence in disease-free survivors and controls was comparable. Age, income, living independently, recurrence, and BMI were significant determinants of mild depression in BC survivors. Age, education, employment, income, recurrence, and BMI were significant determinants of severe depression. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term BC survivors <80 years report significantly higher prevalence of depressive symptoms than controls, which might be explained by recurrence and individual factors. The findings suggest that depression in BC survivors is common, and even more after BC recurrence. Clinicians should routinize screening and normalize referral to psychological care.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/psicologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/psicologia , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
15.
J Affect Disord ; 276: 159-168, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have reported mixed findings on the relationship between posttraumatic growth (PTG) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in cancer survivors. This review aims to give an overview of these studies and to identify potential study- and sample-level factors that could contribute to the heterogeneity of those findings on the relationship between PTG and HRQOL in cancer survivors. METHODS: Multiple electronic databases were systematically searched using the concepts 'posttraumatic growth', 'cancer', and 'health-related quality of life'. Eligible studies (published until 2018) were reviewed, quality-assessed, and effect sizes were extracted and synthesized. RESULTS: Of the 37 included articles, 22 received a rating of 'weak', 11 'moderate' and 4 'strong' in study quality assessment. The overall sample comprised 7954 individuals, mean age of 55.30 years, >50% females, predominantly breast cancer, and survivors mainly within 5 years post-diagnosis. The synthesized results revealed a positive association between PTG and HRQOL (Fisher's z= 0.16) on a total scale, with significant high heterogeneity (I2=75%). Variations in HRQOL measurement and methodological inconsistency contributed to study-level differences of effect sizes. Sample-level characteristics such as geographic region, smaller sample sizes (n < 100) and so on contributed to heterogeneity. LIMITATIONS: Studies assessing the relationship between PTG and HRQOL were heterogeneous, of weak study quality generally, and results were difficult to combine. CONCLUSIONS: Most studies found a positive relationship between the factors suggesting that PTG may play a role for successful coping following cancer. However, studies of higher quality and longitudinal design are needed.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias , Crescimento Psicológico Pós-Traumático , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Sobreviventes
16.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 438, 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32423448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that physical activity (PA) is beneficial for reducing fatigue in colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors. However, little is known regarding long-term effects of PA on fatigue and whether pre-diagnosis PA is associated with less fatigue in the years after diagnosis. Our study aimed to investigate the association of pre- and post-diagnosis PA with long-term fatigue in CRC survivors. METHODS: This study used a German population-based cohort of 1781 individuals, diagnosed with CRC in 2003-2014, and alive at five-year follow-up (5YFU). Physical activity was assessed at diagnosis and at 5YFU. Fatigue was assessed by the Fatigue Assessment Questionnaire and the EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 fatigue subscale at 5YFU. Multivariable linear regression was used to explore associations between pre- and post-diagnosis PA and fatigue at 5YFU. RESULTS: No evidence was found that pre-diagnosis PA was associated with less fatigue in long-term CRC survivors. Pre-diagnosis work-related PA and vigorous PA were even associated with higher levels of physical (Beta (ß) = 2.52, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.14-3.90; ß = 2.03, CI = 0.65-3.41), cognitive (ß = 0.17, CI = 0.05-0.28; ß = 0.13, CI = 0.01-0.25), and affective fatigue (ß = 0.26, CI = 0.07-0.46; ß = 0.21, CI = 0.02-0.40). In cross-sectional analyses, post-diagnosis PA was strongly associated with lower fatigue on all scales. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, pre-diagnosis PA does not appear to be associated with less fatigue among long-term CRC survivors. Our results support the importance of ongoing PA in long-term CRC survivors. Our findings might be used as a basis for further research on specific PA interventions to improve the long-term outcome of CRC survivors.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/reabilitação , Exercício Físico , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Curr Treat Options Oncol ; 21(2): 17, 2020 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32025928

RESUMO

OPINION STATEMENT: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a problem for a significant proportion of cancer survivors during and after active cancer treatment. However, CRF is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Interventions are available for CRF although there is no gold standard. Based on current level of evidence, exercise seems to be most effective in preventing or ameliorating CRF during the active- and posttreatment phases.


Assuntos
Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/terapia , Neoplasias/complicações , Fatores Etários , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Terapia Combinada , Comorbidade , Gerenciamento Clínico , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Sobrevivência , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Surg Endosc ; 34(12): 5593-5603, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic colectomy (LC) is a less invasive alternative to open colectomy (OC) in the treatment of stage I-III colon cancer. Research on the long-term (5-year post-diagnosis) health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of LC patients is scarce. Our study aimed to compare the long-term HRQOL and psychological well-being of stage I-III colon cancer survivors treated either with LC or OC. METHODS: This study used a German population-based cohort of patients treated with either LC (n = 86) or OC (n = 980). LC patients were matched to OC patients using a propensity score. At 5-year follow-up, patients completed assessments on HRQOL (EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-CR29) and psychological well-being (distress and disease/treatment burden). Least square mean scores of HRQOL were derived using linear regression. Proportions of patients with moderate/high distress and disease/treatment burden were compared with Chi-square tests. RESULTS: In total, 81 LC patients were matched to 156 OC patients. Generally, LC patients had HRQOL comparable to OC patients, albeit LC patients reported significantly better body image (87.1 versus 81.0, p = 0.03). Distress levels were generally low and comparable between the two groups, even though LC patients were more likely to experience disease recurrence (16% versus 7%, p = 0.02) than OC patients. OC patients were more likely to feel moderate/high levels of burden associated with the treatment (72% versus 56%, p = 0.01) and the time after treatment completion (43% versus 28%, p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: LC patients reported comparable long-term HRQOL outcomes but higher levels of psychological well-being than OC patients 5 years after diagnosis, even though LC was associated with higher risk of disease recurrence.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos de Coortes , Colectomia/psicologia , Neoplasias do Colo/psicologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Pontuação de Propensão
19.
Support Care Cancer ; 28(6): 2875-2885, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PC) and its treatment may affect PC survivors differently with respect to age. However, little is known regarding age-specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in PC survivors 5 years or even ≥ 10 years post-diagnosis. METHODS: The sample included 1975 disease-free PC survivors (5-16 years post-diagnosis) and 661 cancer-free population controls, recruited from two German population-based studies (CAESAR+, LinDe). HRQoL in both populations was assessed using the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire. Additionally, PC survivors completed the PC-specific EORTC QLQ-PR25 questionnaire. Differences in HRQoL between survivors and controls, as well as differences according to age and time since diagnosis were analyzed with multiple regression after adjustment for age, education, stage, and time since diagnosis, where appropriate. RESULTS: In general, PC survivors reported HRQoL and symptom-burden levels comparable to the general population, except for significantly poorer social functioning and higher burden for diarrhea and constipation. In age-specific analyses, PC survivors up to 69 years indicated poorer global health and social functioning than population controls. Stratification by time since diagnosis revealed little difference between the subgroups. On PC-specific symptoms, burden was highest for urinary bother and symptoms, and lowest for bowel symptoms. Younger age was associated with less urinary symptoms but higher urinary bother. CONCLUSION: Long-term disease-free PC survivors reported overall good HRQoL, but experienced persistent specific detriments. Our data suggest that these detriments do not improve substantially with increasing time since diagnosis. Targeted interventions are recommended to prevent PC-related and treatment-related symptoms becoming chronic and to enhance social functioning.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
20.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 62(11): 1294-1304, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of younger individuals diagnosed with colon and rectal cancer, research on the long-term disease-specific health-related quality of life of younger (<50 years) survivors of colon and rectal cancer is scarce. OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to compare disease-specific functional deficits and symptoms of survivors of colon and rectal cancer 5 to 16 years postdiagnosis, stratified by age at diagnosis and by sex. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. SETTING: We used data from the population-based CAncEr Survivorship-A multi-Regional study in collaboration with 5 population-based German cancer registries. PATIENTS: Survivors of colon and rectal cancer were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Respondents completed the disease-specific European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life colorectal cancer module. Age at diagnosis categories were <50, 50 to 59, 60 to 69, and ≥70 years. Least square mean health-related quality of life scores, derived from linear regression, were adjusted for sex, education, time since diagnosis, cancer site, cancer stage, and treatment, where appropriate. RESULTS: The sample comprised 697 survivors of colon cancer and 479 survivors of rectal cancer. In general, survivors of colon and rectal cancer diagnosed at <50 years of age reported lower functioning and higher symptom burden in comparison with survivors diagnosed at an older age. When stratified by sex, female survivors of colon cancer tended to report more concerns with hair loss but fewer sexual problems when compared with male survivors of colon cancer of the same age. Female survivors of rectal cancer in all age groups tended to report lower levels of sexual interest than male survivors of rectal cancer of the same age. LIMITATIONS: This was a cross-sectional study with findings that could be biased toward healthier long-term survivors. The generalizability of results is limited to survivors diagnosed before 2005. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that supportive care for survivors of colon and rectal cancer to improve their self-management of symptoms should be adapted according to cancer type, age at diagnosis, and sex. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B29. LA EDAD AL DIAGNÓSTICO Y EL GÉNERO ESTÁN ASOCIADOS CON DÉFICITS A LARGO PLAZO EN LA CALIDAD DE VIDA RELACIONADA CON LA SALUD ESPECíFICA DE LA ENFERMEDAD DE LOS SOBREVIVIENTES DE CÁNCER DE COLON Y RECTO: UN ESTUDIO BASADO EN LA POBLACIÓN:: A pesar del creciente número de individuos jóvenes diagnosticados con cáncer de colon y recto, la investigación sobre la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud específica de la enfermedad a largo plazo de los sobrevivientes de cáncer de colon y recto jóvenes (<50 años) es escasa.Nuestro estudio tuvo como objetivo comparar los déficits funcionales específicos de la enfermedad y los síntomas de los sobrevivientes de cáncer de colon y recto 5-16 años después del diagnóstico, estratificados por edad al momento del diagnóstico y por género.Transversal.Utilizamos datos del estudio Supervivencia de CAncEr basada en la población: Un estudio multirregional en colaboración con cinco bases de datos alemanas de cáncer basados en la población.Sobrevivientes de cáncer de colon y recto.Los encuestados respondieron el módulo de calidad de vida específica para la enfermedad en cáncer colorrectal de la Organización Europea para la Investigación y Tratamiento del Cáncer. Las categorías de edad al diagnóstico fueron <50, 50-59, 60-69 y ≥70 años. Los puntajes de CVRS (calidad de vida relacionada a la salud) medios mínimos cuadrados, derivados de la regresión lineal, se ajustaron por género, educación, tiempo desde el diagnóstico, sitio del cáncer, etapa del cáncer y tratamiento, cuando apropiado.La muestra comprendió 697 y 479 sobrevivientes de cáncer de colon y de recto, respectivamente. En general, los sobrevivientes de cáncer de colon y recto diagnosticados con <50 años de edad reportaron una menor funcionalidad y una mayor carga de síntomas en comparación con los sobrevivientes diagnosticados a una edad más avanzada. Cuando se estratificaron por género, las mujeres sobrevivientes de cáncer de colon tendieron a informar más preocupaciones sobre la pérdida de cabello pero menos problemas sexuales en comparación con los hombres sobrevivientes de colon de la misma edad. Las mujeres sobrevivientes de cáncer rectal en todos los grupos de edad tendieron a informar niveles más bajos de interés sexual que los hombres sobrevivientes de cáncer rectal de la misma edad.Estudio transversal con hallazgos que podrían estar sesgados hacia sobrevivientes a largo plazo más saludables. La generalización de los resultados se limitó a los sobrevivientes diagnosticados antes de 2005.Nuestros resultados sugieren que los cuidados de soporte para los sobrevivientes de cáncer de colon y recto para mejorar su automanejo de síntomas deben adaptarse según el tipo de cáncer, la edad en el momento del diagnóstico y el género. Vea el resumen en video en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B29.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Qualidade de Vida , Sobreviventes , Tempo , Idoso , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Fatores Sexuais , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos
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