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1.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(11): 114103, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852530

RESUMO

A dispersive atomic fluorescence spectrometer based on a UV digital micromirror device (UV-DMD-AFS) has been proposed by our team for attenuating spectral and scattering interferences. Software is nontrivial for the automation of component control and sample analysis in the new instrument. In this work, the software was developed using the C# programming language together with multi-threading and combined with the SQLite database, which consists of component control and data acquisition, database, wavelength initialization, and real-time interference reduction module. To realize the accurate analysis of the trace heavy metal concentration, the spectral interference was avoided by measuring the non-interference wavelength, and the scattering interference was eliminated by the real-time proportional coefficient method. The microsecond rotation speed of the DMD is the key to achieving real-time reduction. The concentration of arsenic in Water Quality (GSB 07-3171-2014) was detected to validate the practicability of the software with the concentration deviation of 0.02 ng/mL.

2.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; : ATVBAHA121316090, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852642

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor 1) exerts pleiotropic effects including promotion of cellular growth, differentiation, survival, and anabolism. We have shown that systemic IGF-1 administration reduced atherosclerosis in Apoe-/- (apolipoprotein E deficient) mice, and this effect was associated with a reduction in lesional macrophages and a decreased number of foam cells in the plaque. Almost all cell types secrete IGF-1, but the effect of macrophage-derived IGF-1 on the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is poorly understood. We hypothesized that macrophage-derived IGF-1 will reduce atherosclerosis. Approach and Results: We created macrophage-specific IGF-1 overexpressing mice on an Apoe-/- background. Macrophage-specific IGF-1 overexpression reduced plaque macrophages, foam cells, and atherosclerotic burden and promoted features of stable atherosclerotic plaque. Macrophage-specific IGF1 mice had a reduction in monocyte infiltration into plaque, decreased expression of CXCL12 (CXC chemokine ligand 12), and upregulation of ABCA1 (ATP-binding cassette transporter 1), a cholesterol efflux regulator, in atherosclerotic plaque and in peritoneal macrophages. IGF-1 prevented oxidized lipid-induced CXCL12 upregulation and foam cell formation in cultured THP-1 macrophages and increased lipid efflux. We also found an increase in cholesterol efflux in macrophage-specific IGF1-derived peritoneal macrophages. CONCLUSIONS: Macrophage IGF-1 overexpression reduced atherosclerotic burden and increased features of plaque stability, likely via a reduction in CXCL12-mediated monocyte recruitment and an increase in ABCA1-dependent macrophage lipid efflux.

3.
Mol Microbiol ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797006

RESUMO

Numerous transcription factors (TFs) in ascomycete fungi play crucial roles in cellular processes; however, how most of them function is poorly understood. Here, we identified and characterized a novel TF, CxrC (POX01387), acting downstream of the key TF CxrA, which is essential for plant-biomass-degrading-enzyme (PBDE) production in Penicillium oxalicum. Deletion of cxrC in P. oxalicum significantly affected the production of PBDEs, as well as mycelial growth and conidiospore production. CxrA directly repressed the expression of cxrC after about 12 hr following switch to Avicel culture. CxrC bound the promoters of major PBDE genes and genes involved in conidiospore development. CxrC was found to bind the TSSGTYR core sequence (S: C and G; Y: T and C; R: G and A) of the important cellulase genes cbh1 and eg1. Both N- and C-terminal peptides of CxrC and the CxrC phosphorylation were found to mediate its homodimerization. The conserved motif LPSVRSLLTP (65-74) in CxrC was found to be required for regulating cellulase production. This study reveals novel mechanisms of TF-mediated regulation of the expression of PBDE genes and genes involved in cellular processes in an ascomycete fungus.

4.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 9603271211059503, 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779285

RESUMO

Silicosis is a lung fibrotic disease caused by chronic silica exposure. Aberrations in long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression are associated with fibrotic diseases, but the role of lncRNAs in silicosis pathogenesis remains unclear. Here, we investigated the expression of lncRNAs during silicosis and the role of MRAK050699 in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Differentially expressed lncRNAs in the lung tissues of normal and silicosis rats were compared, and their biological effects were determined using the Gene Ontology term and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses. There were 1077 differentially expressed lncRNAs (378 upregulated and 699 downregulated). MRAK052509, MRAK139674, AY539881, MRAK050699, XR_6113, and BC167061 were selected to verify expression in silicosis rats using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. MRAK050699 was knocked down in rat alveolar type II epithelial cells, and the molecular mechanism of transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß)-induced EMT in these cells was studied. All selected lncRNAs were upregulated in the silicosis rats, consistent with the sequencing results. MRAK050699 knockdown inhibited EMT of RLE-6TN cells by regulating the TGF-ß/Smad3 signaling pathway. Thus, the differential expression of lncRNAs is related to silicosis development, and MRAK050699 plays an important role in EMT, suggesting a potential therapeutic target for silicosis.

5.
Appl Opt ; 60(29): 9101-9109, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623992

RESUMO

For an echelle spectrometer based on a digital micromirror device and photomultiplier, a lens group is placed in front of the digital micromirror device and used to converge the two-dimensional spectrum and correct aberration. The matching spectral reduction model is deduced by establishing the mathematical models of the imaging mirror and lens group. According to the known wavelength and corresponding coordinates, the refractive index of the prism is fitted, and the spectrum is divided into three parts to calibrate. Experimental results of a mercury lamp show that the maximum deviations of x and y coordinates are 3.4 pixels and 2.3 pixels in the corrected spectral reduction model. The deviations are in the range of the errors permitted, which means the extraction of order and wavelength satisfy the requirement of the spectrometer.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623588

RESUMO

Our aim was to clarify the main factors associated with lung function and to analyze the correlation between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and lung function in a rural Chinese population. We analyzed data of 5195 participants in the China Northwest Natural Population Cohort: Ningxia Project who were ≥ 30 years old. They were recruited from 2018 to 2019, underwent spirometry during the physical examination, and completed a self-report questionnaire. A satellite-based spatiotemporal model was used to estimate the 2-year average PM2.5 exposure based on participants' home addresses. A generalized linear mixed model was used to test the relationship between PM2.5 concentration and lung function. Sex, age, exposure to cooking oil fumes, and occupational exposure were negatively correlated (P < 0.05) with forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1). Educational status, economic level, tea consumption, and alcohol consumption were positively correlated (P < 0.05) with FVC and FEV1. The adjusted results of each model revealed that FVC and FEV1 decreased with increased exposure to PM2.5. There was a strong negative correlation between a PM2.5 concentration of 35.66 µg/m3 and FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC, with unadjusted hazard ratios of - 0.06 (95% confidence interval, - 0.10 to - 0.01), - 0.13 (- 0.17 to - 0.10), and - 22.10 (- 24.62 to - 19.26), respectively. In conclusion, long-term exposure to high concentrations of ambient PM2.5 is related to reduce lung function among people in rural areas in northwestern China.

7.
Microorganisms ; 9(10)2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34683465

RESUMO

In Ethiopia, human schistosomiasis is caused by two species of schistosome, Schistosoma mansoni and S. haematobium, with the former being dominant in the country, causing infections of more than 5 million people and more than 37 million at risk of infection. What is more, new transmission foci for S. mansoni have been reported over the past years in the country, raising concerns over the potential impacts of environmental changes (e.g., climate change) on the disease spread. Knowledge on the distribution of schistosomiasis endemic areas and associated drivers is much needed for surveillance and control programs in the country. Here we report a study that aims to examine environmental determinants underlying the distribution and suitability of S. mansoni endemic areas at the national scale of Ethiopia. The study identified that, among five physical environmental factors examined, soil property, elevation, and climatic factors (e.g., precipitation and temperature) are key factors associated with the distribution of S. mansoni endemic areas. The model predicted that the suitable areas for schistosomiasis transmission are largely distributed in northern, central, and western parts of the country, suggesting a potentially wide distribution of S. mansoni endemic areas. The findings of this study are potentially instrumental to inform public health surveillance, intervention, and future research on schistosomiasis in Ethiopia. The modeling approaches employed in this study may be extended to other schistosomiasis endemic regions and to other vector-borne diseases.

8.
Talanta ; 235: 122722, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517590

RESUMO

In-vehicle air pollution has become a major concern to public health in recent years. The traditional analytical methods for detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) pollutants in air are based on gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) or high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), including complicated pretreatment and separation procedures, which are not only time-consuming and labor-intensive, but also incapable of simultaneously measuring both aldehydes and benzenes. In this work, a new photoionization-induced NO+ chemical ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (PNCI-TOFMS) was developed for real-time and continuous measurement of aldehydes and benzenes in vehicles. High-intensity NO+ reactant ions could be generated by photoionization of NO reagent gas, and efficient chemical ionization between NO+ reactant ions and analyte molecules occurred to produce adduct ions M·NO+ at an elevated ion source pressure of 800 Pa. Consequently, the achieved LODs for aldehydes and benzenes were down to sub-ppbv within 60 s. The analytical capacity of this system was demonstrated by continuous and online monitoring of in-vehicle VOCs in a used car, exhibiting broad potential applications of the PNCI-TOFMS in air pollutants monitoring and in-vehicle air quality analysis.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Aldeídos , Benzeno , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
9.
Anal Methods ; 13(36): 4079-4089, 2021 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554154

RESUMO

In this work, a novel method using low-cost miniaturized hydride generation optical emission spectrometry equipment coupled with an in situ dielectric barrier discharge trap (HG-in situ DBD trap-OES) was established for the determination of As in edible seaweed samples. An improved peak volume algorithm, where the start time point and end time point of the spectrum at each concentration are determined according to the unified judgment criteria, was first proposed to extend the linear range from 1-100 µg L-1 to 1-200 µg L-1, and increase the sensitivity by about 30%. In addition, a modification was done on the DBD implementation, providing an enhancement of sensitivity by a factor of about 4 for As. All in all the detection limit (LOD) was improved from 0.5 µg L-1 to 0.2 µg L-1. By applying the method to seaweed samples, a method detection limit (MD) of 0.25 mg kg-1 was achieved, with less than 3% relative standard deviations (RSDs). The calibration linearity reached R2 > 0.990 in the 1.25-250 mg kg-1 range. Results obtained by the proposed method showed good agreement with that of certified reference materials (CRMs), and spiked recoveries were 103% to 114%, indicating favorable accuracy. The proposed method is attractive in terms of instrumentation size (0.6 m × 0.5 m × 0.3 m), power consumption (<60 W), manufacturing cost, and gas consumption (300 measurements for 4 L compressed Ar/H2 gas), and therefore more advantageous than conventional atomic spectrometric methods.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Alga Marinha , Espectrofotometria Atômica
10.
Microbiol Spectr ; 9(1): e0027321, 2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346755

RESUMO

The SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 variant has increased sharply in numbers worldwide and is reported to be more contagious than the nonvariant. Little is known regarding the detailed clinical features of B.1.1.7 variant infection. Data on 74 COVID-19 cases from two outbreaks in two districts of Beijing, China were extracted from a cloud database, including 41 cases from Shunyi District (Shunyi B.1.470 group) and 33 from Daxing (Daxing B.1.1.7 group) from December 25, 2020 to January 17, 2021. We conducted a comparison of the clinical characteristics. Seven clinical indicators of the Daxing B.1.1.7 group were significantly higher than those of the Shunyi group, including the proportion with fever over 38°C, the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA), creatine kinase (CK), d-dimer (DD), and CD4+ T lymphocytes (CD4+ T), and the proportion with ground-glass opacity (GGO) in the lung (P values of ≤0.05). After adjusting for age, B.1.1.7 variant infection was a risk factor for elevated CRP (P = 0·045), SAA (P = 0·011), CK (P = 0·034), and CD4+ T (P = 0.029) and for the presence of GGO (P = 0.005). The median threshold cycle (CT) value of reverse transcriptase quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) tests of the N gene target in the Daxing B.1.1.7 group was significantly lower (P = 0.036) than that in the Shunyi B.1.470 group. Clinical features, including a more serious inflammatory response, pneumonia, and a possibly higher viral load, were detected in the cases infected with B.1.1.7 SARS-CoV-2. The B.1.1.7 variant may have increased pathogenicity. IMPORTANCE The SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 variant, which was first identified in the United Kingdom, has increased sharply in numbers worldwide and was reported to be more contagious than the nonvariant. To our knowledge, no studies investigating the detailed clinical features of COVID-19 cases infected with the B.1.1.7 variant have been published. Local epidemics have rarely occurred in China, but occasionally, a small clustered outbreak triggered by an imported SARS-CoV-2 strain with only one chain of transmission could happen. From late 2020 to early 2021, two clustered COVID-19 outbreaks occurred in Beijing, one of which was caused by the B.1.1.7 variant. The COVID-19 patients from the two outbreaks received similar clinical tests, diagnoses, and treatments. We found that the B.1.1.7 variant infection could lead to a more serious inflammatory response, acute response process, more severe pneumonia, and probably higher viral loads. This therefore implies that the B.1.1.7 variant may have increased pathogenicity.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Surtos de Doenças , SARS-CoV-2/classificação , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Adulto , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Carga Viral , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
11.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 6451-6471, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429653

RESUMO

Introduction: N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play pivotal roles in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, how their interaction is involved in the prognostic value of HCC and immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) therapy remains unclear. Methods: The RNA sequencing and clinical data of HCC patients were collected from TCGA database. The prognostic m6A-related lncRNAs were screened out with Pearson correlation test, univariate Cox analysis and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression. Patients with HCC were classified into 2 subtypes by consensus clustering. Survival analyses were performed to assess the prognostic value of different clusters and risk models. Potential tumor correlated biological pathways correlated with different clusters were explored through gene set enrichment analysis. We also identified the relationship of the risk model and clusters with response to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) therapy and tumor microenvironment (TME). Furthermore, the prognostic value of the 9 m6A-related lncRNAs was validated in the external cohort. Finally, the role of SNHG4 was explored by silencing and overexpression of SNHG4 through conducting proliferation, migration and invasion experiments. Results: Patients from 2 clusters and different risk groups based on m6A-related lncRNAs had significantly different clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival outcomes. Tumor-correlated biological pathways were found to be correlated with Cluster 2 through GSEA. Moreover, we found that patients from different clusters and risk groups expressed higher levels of immune checkpoint genes and had distinct TME and different responses for ICIs therapy. Prognostic value of this risk model was further confirmed in the external cohort. Finally, consistent with the discovery, SNHG4 played an oncogenic role in vitro. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that the 9 m6A-related lncRNA signature may serve as a novel predictor in the prognosis of HCC and optimize (ICIs) therapy. SNHG4 plays an oncogenic role in HCC.

12.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 5410049, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335717

RESUMO

Pedestrian detection is a specific application of object detection. Compared with general object detection, it shows similarities and unique characteristics. In addition, it has important application value in the fields of intelligent driving and security monitoring. In recent years, with the rapid development of deep learning, pedestrian detection technology has also made great progress. However, there still exists a huge gap between it and human perception. Meanwhile, there are still a lot of problems, and there remains a lot of room for research. Regarding the application of pedestrian detection in intelligent driving technology, it is of necessity to ensure its real-time performance. Additionally, it is necessary to lighten the model while ensuring detection accuracy. This paper first briefly describes the development process of pedestrian detection and then concentrates on summarizing the research results of pedestrian detection technology in the deep learning stage. Subsequently, by summarizing the pedestrian detection dataset and evaluation criteria, the core issues of the current development of pedestrian detection are analyzed. Finally, the next possible development direction of pedestrian detection technology is explained at the end of the paper.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Aprendizado Profundo , Pedestres , Humanos , Inteligência
13.
Viruses ; 13(7)2021 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201591

RESUMO

A 59-year-old male with follicular lymphoma treated by anti-CD20-mediated B-cell depletion and ablative chemotherapy was hospitalized with a COVID-19 infection. Although the patient did not develop specific humoral immunity, he had a mild clinical course overall. The failure of all therapeutic options allowed infection to persist nearly 300 days with active accumulation of SARS-CoV-2 virus mutations. As a rescue therapy, an infusion of REGEN-COV (10933 and 10987) anti-spike monoclonal antibodies was performed 270 days from initial diagnosis. Due to partial clearance after the first dose (2.4 g), a consolidation dose (8 g) was infused six weeks later. Complete virus clearance could then be observed over the following month, after he was vaccinated with the Pfizer-BioNTech anti-COVID-19 vaccination. The successful management of this patient required prolonged enhanced quarantine, monitoring of virus mutations, pioneering clinical decisions based upon close consultation, and the coordination of multidisciplinary experts in virology, immunology, pharmacology, input from REGN, the FDA, the IRB, the health care team, the patient, and the patient's family. Current decisions to take revolve around patient's follicular lymphoma management, and monitoring for virus clearance persistence beyond disappearance of REGEN-COV monoclonal antibodies after anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. Overall, specific guidelines for similar cases should be established.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos B/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/terapia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , COVID-19/complicações , Humanos , Imunidade Humoral , Depleção Linfocítica , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Virais/imunologia
14.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 3.0 T non-contrast-enhanced nitroglycerin (NTG)-assisted whole-heart coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) employing Dixon water-fat separation and compressed SENSE (CS-SENSE) acceleration is a promising method for diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD). PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of this technique for detecting clinically-relevant (≥50% diameter reducing) CAD and to evaluate the difference in NTG-induced coronary vasodilation between patients with and without clinically-relevant CAD. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION: Sixty-six patients with suspected CAD. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3.0 T; CSSENSE, Dixon water-fat separation, three-dimensional segmented turbo field gradient-echo sequence for whole-heart coronary MRA. ASSESSMENT: Overall image quality of coronary MRA was calculated on the basis of all visible coronary segments. The diagnostic performance of coronary MRA for detecting a ≥50% reduction in coronary artery diameter with and without NTG was compared using X-ray coronary angiography (CAG) as the reference. According to CAG, patients were divided into a non-clinically-relevant CAD group and clinically-relevant CAD group, and the difference in NTG-induced vasodilation between the groups was evaluated. STATISTICAL TESTS: Unpaired/paired Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, paired Wilcoxon signed-rank test, χ2 test, McNemar test. A two-tailed P value <0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Overall image quality was increased significantly in the coronary MRA images after NTG. The diagnostic performance of the non-NTG vs. NTG-assisted coronary MRA was as follows on a per-patient basis: sensitivity 94.3% vs. 94.3%, specificity 64.5% vs. 83.9%, positive predictive value 75.0% vs. 86.8%, negative predictive value 90.9% vs. 92.9%, and accuracy 80.3% vs. 89.4%, respectively. NTG-induced vasodilation was significantly lower in the clinically-relevant CAD group than in the non-clinically-relevant CAD group (13.7 ± 8.1% vs. 24.1 ± 16.3%). DATA CONCLUSION: Non-contrast Dixon water-fat separation CS-SENSE coronary MRA at 3.0 T can noninvasively detect clinically-relevant CAD and sublingual NTG improved performance. Combining pre- and post-NTG coronary MRA may provide a simple noninvasive and nonionizing test to evaluate coronary vasodilation function. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 2.

15.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(11): 4675-4691, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076714

RESUMO

Heterotrimeric-G-protein-mediated signaling pathways modulate the expression of the essential genes in many fundamental cellular processes in fungi at the transcription level. However, these processes remain unclear in Penicillium oxalicum. In this study, we generated knockout and knockout-complemented strains of gng-1 (POX07071) encoding the Gγ protein and found that GNG-1 modulated the expression of genes encoding plant-biomass-degrading enzymes (PBDEs) and sporulation-related activators. Interestingly, GNG-1 affected expression of the cxrB that encodes a known transcription factor required for the expression of major cellulase and xylanase genes. Constitutive overexpression of cxrB in ∆gng-1 circumvented the dependence of PBDE production on GNG-1. Further evidence indicated that CxrB indirectly regulated the transcription levels of key amylase genes by controlling the expression of the regulatory gene amyR. These data extended the diversity of Gγ protein functions and provided new insight into the signal transduction and regulation of PBDE gene expression in filamentous fungi. KEY POINTS: • GNG-1 modulates the expression of PBDE genes and sporulation-related genes. • GNG-1 controls expression of the key regulatory gene cxrB. • Overexpression of cxrB circumvents dependence of PBDE production on GNG-1.


Assuntos
Subunidades gama da Proteína de Ligação ao GTP , Penicillium , Biomassa , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Penicillium/genética
16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(11)2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073498

RESUMO

Due to the complexity of surrounding environments, lidar point cloud data (PCD) are often degraded by plane noise. In order to eliminate noise, this paper proposes a filtering scheme based on the grid principal component analysis (PCA) technique and the ground splicing method. The 3D PCD is first projected onto a desired 2D plane, within which the ground and wall data are well separated from the PCD via a prescribed index based on the statistics of points in all 2D mesh grids. Then, a KD-tree is constructed for the ground data, and rough segmentation in an unsupervised method is conducted to obtain the true ground data by using the normal vector as a distinctive feature. To improve the performance of noise removal, we propose an elaborate K nearest neighbor (KNN)-based segmentation method via an optimization strategy. Finally, the denoised data of the wall and ground are spliced for further 3D reconstruction. The experimental results show that the proposed method is efficient at noise removal and is superior to several traditional methods in terms of both denoising performance and run speed.

17.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 17(6): 1007-1019, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34167616

RESUMO

In recent years, the emergence of non-toxic but catalytically active inorganic nanoparticles has attracted great attention for cancer treatment, but the therapeutic effect has been affected by the limited reactive oxygen species in tumors. Therefore, the combination of chemotherapy and chemodynamic therapy is regarded as a promising therapeutic strategy. In this paper, we reported the preparation and bioactivity evaluation of poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) grafted-γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with dual response of endogenous peroxidase and catalase like activities. Our hypothesis is that PLGAgrafted γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles could be used as a drug delivery system for the anti-tumor drug doxorubicin to inhibit the growth of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells; meanwhile, based on its mimic enzyme properties, this kind of nanoparticles could be combined with doxorubicin in the treatment of A549 cells. Our experimental results showed that the PLGAgrafted γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles could simulate the activity of catalase and decompose hydrogen peroxide into H2O and oxygen in neutral tumor microenvironment, thus reducing the oxidative damage caused by hydrogenperoxide to lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. In acidic microenvironment, PLGA grafted γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles could simulate the activity of peroxidase and effectively catalyze the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to generate highly toxic hydroxyl radicals, which could cause the death of A549 cells. Furthermore, the synergistic effect of peroxidase-like activity of PLGA-grafted γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles and doxorubicin could accelerate the apoptosisand destruction of A549 cells, thus enhancing the antitumor effect of doxorubicin-loaded PLGA-grafted γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles. Therefore, this study provides an effective nanoplatform based on dual inorganic biomimetic nanozymes for the treatment of lung cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Nanopartículas , Células A549 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Compostos Férricos , Humanos , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico , Microambiente Tumoral
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34188689

RESUMO

Background: A considerable uncertainty exists about the relationship between adult metabolic syndrome (MS) and obstructive lung disease (OLD), perhaps owing to systemic inflammation. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between MS (with its components) and the patterns of lung function impairment. Methods: The participants in this study were 3978 adults aged 30-78 years from the baseline cohort of the Ningxia Cohort Study. The participants underwent pulmonary function tests, questionnaire surveys, physical examinations, and analysis of blood specimens. Results: No significant difference in the prevalence of OLD was observed between male (15.9%) and female (14.2%) participants. After adjusting for possible confounding factors (e.g., age and family income), impaired lung function was found to be related to some MS components, such as abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: As an important component of MS, abdominal obesity is related to impaired lung function. Surprisingly, this study found that increased HDL-C levels could accelerate the decline of lung function; it also suggests that in the presence of different metabolic health conditions, especially abdominal obesity and low levels of HDL-C, various metabolic indicators should be comprehensively considered to prevent the decline of lung function. This partly explains the increase in the incidence of two or more chronic diseases. Therefore, the prevention of chronic diseases should shift from single-disease prevention to a comprehensive consideration of multi-disease prevention in the future. Therefore, a more sensitive evaluation of the role of HDL-C in lung function is warranted.

19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 603: 199-209, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34186398

RESUMO

Metal-organic framework (MOF)-based electrode materials have become a hot subject for supercapaitors. Herein, Ni-MOFs grown on Co nanoparticles modified carbon nanofibers (CNFs) (C-Co@MOF) are prepared via a facile process. Interestingly, the presence of Co nanoparticles in CNFs not only boosts the hybridization of CNF and MOFs, but also releases Co ions to participate in the growth of MOF, leading to a favorable electrochemical behavior. In detail, the specific capacitance of C-Co@MOF reaches 1201.6 F g-1 that exceeds those of C-M@MOFs (M = Ni, V, Mo, Mn, Fe, Cu and Zn) and CNF@MOF. More importantly, an asymmetric solid-state supercapacitor is assembled using C-Co@MOF and nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes derived from polyaniline as positive and negative electrode materials, respectively, representing a high energy density of 37.0 Wh kg-1 and outstanding durability. This work highlights the superiority of electrospun CNFs modified by metal nanoparticles for the growth of MOF, showing great potential for electrochemical energy storage and conversion applications.

20.
J Mol Diagn ; 23(9): 1078-1084, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102313

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is highly contagious and has caused significant medical/socioeconomic impacts. Other than vaccination, effective public health measures, including contact tracing, isolation, and quarantine, is critical for deterring viral transmission, preventing infection progression and resuming normal activities. Viral transmission is affected by many factors, but the viral load and vitality could be among the most important ones. Although in vitro studies have indicated that the amount of virus isolated from infected individuals affects the successful rate of virus isolation, whether the viral load carried at the individual level would determine the transmissibility was unknown. We examined whether the cycle threshold (Ct) value, a measurement of viral load by RT-PCR assay, could differentiate the spreaders from the non-spreaders in a population of college students. Our results indicate that while at the population level the Ct value is lower, suggesting a higher viral load, in the symptomatic spreaders than that in the asymptomatic non-spreaders, there is a significant overlap in the Ct values between the two groups. Thus, Ct value, or the viral load, at the individual level could not predict the transmissibility. Instead, a sensitive method to detect the presence of virus is needed to identify asymptomatic individuals who may carry a low viral load but can still be infectious.


Assuntos
Teste de Ácido Nucleico para COVID-19/métodos , COVID-19/transmissão , COVID-19/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/métodos , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Portador Sadio/virologia , Busca de Comunicante , Feminino , Humanos , Louisiana/epidemiologia , Masculino , Nasofaringe/virologia , Saúde Pública , Quarentena , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga Viral , Adulto Jovem
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