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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922379

RESUMO

Chemical recycling of synthetic polymers offers a solution for developing sustainable plastics and materials. Here we show that two types of dynamic covalent chemistry can be orthogonalized in a solvent-free polymer network and thus enable a chemically recyclable crosslinked material. Using a simple acylhydrazine-based 1,2-dithiolane as the starting material, the disulfide-mediated reversible polymerization and acylhydrazone-based dynamic covalent crosslinking can be combined in a one-pot solvent-free reaction, resulting in mechanically robust, tough, and processable crosslinked materials. The dynamic covalent bonds in both backbones and crosslinkers endow the network with depolymerization capability under mild conditions and, importantly, virgin-quality monomers can be recovered and separated. This proof-of-concept study show opportunities to design chemically recyclable materials based on the dynamic chemistry toolbox.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922390

RESUMO

Developing photoresponsive circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) materials is an essential step for biosensing and biomedical applications. However, fabricating CPL assemblies rooted in the chirality amplification and transmission of the molecular building blocks, which simultaneously show photo-controllable CPL signals, remains challenging. Herein, a molecular building block containing an overcrowded-alkene core and bis- PBI ( MPBI ) was designed. Importantly, the enantiopure MPBI can self-assemble into well-organized nanofibers via π-π stacking interactions and enable the transmission of the intrinsic chirality, providing opposite CPL signals. The photoisomerization of MPBI induced a transformation from nanofibers to discrete nanospheres, accompanied by a gradually decreased CPL signal. The results demonstrated the development of photo-controllable CPL materials from the assembly of chiral MPBI , which provides an alternatively facile strategy to fabricate CPL-active materials and would offer opportunities for future biosensing and biomedical applications.

3.
Transl Oncol ; 24: 101501, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926369

RESUMO

PVR/TIGIT and PD-L1/PD-1 axes play essential roles in tumor immune evasion and could be potential targets for combined immunotherapy. We aimed to evaluate the expression status of the above-mentioned immune markers in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC), and investigate their survival impact and relevance with the immune microenvironment and clinicopathological features. We retrospectively collected specimens from 190 LUSC patients, who underwent pulmonary surgeries, and we performed immunohistochemistry assays of PVR, TIGIT, PD-L1, PD-1 and CD8. In our cohort, the positive rate of PVR was 85.8%, which was much higher than the positive rate of PD-L1 at 26.8%. A total of 32 (16.8%) patients demonstrated co-expression of PVR/PD-L1. High TIGIT density was correlated with positive PD-L1 expression, high PD-1 density, and high CD8 density (PD-L1, P=0.033; PD-1, P<0.001; CD8, P<0.001), and positive PVR expression was correlated with positive PD-L1 expression (P=0.046). High TIGIT density and high PVR/TIGIT expression were correlated with advanced TNM stage (TIGIT density, P=0.020; PVR/TIGIT expression, P=0.041). Patients with positive PVR expression, high TIGIT density, high PVR/TIGIT expression and PVR/PD-L1 co-expression exhibited a significantly worse prognosis (PVR, P=0.038; TIGIT, P=0.027; PVR/TIGIT, P=0.014; PVR/PD-L1, P=0.018). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that PVR/PD-L1 co-expression (Hazard ratio [HR], 1.756, 95% CI, 1.152-2.676, P=0.009) was an independent prognostic factor in LUSC patients. In conclusion, we demonstrated the expression status of PVR/TIGIT and PD-L1/PD-1 in LUSC. PVR/PD-L1 co-expression was an independent prognostic factor in LUSC patients and may serve as a potential predictive biomarker for dual-targeting immunotherapy.

5.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4185, 2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35858917

RESUMO

The development of advanced materials for information encryption with time-dependent features is essential to meet the increasing demand on encryption security. Herein, smart materials with orthogonal and temporal encryption properties are successfully developed based on a dynamic assembly-induced multicolour supramolecular system. Multicolour fluorescence, including blue, orange and even white light emissions, is achieved by controlling the supramolecular assembly of pyrene derivatives by tailoring the solvent composition. By taking advantage of the tuneable fluorescence, dynamically controlled information encryption materials with orthogonal encryption functions, e.g., 3D codes, are successfully developed. Moreover, time-dependent information encryption materials, such as temporal multi-information displays and 4D codes, are also developed by enabling the fluorescence-controllable supramolecular system in the solid phase, showing multiple pieces of information on a time scale, and the correct information can be identified only at a specified time. This work provides an inspiring point for the design of information encryption materials with higher security requirements.

6.
Drug Deliv ; 29(1): 2498-2512, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35903814

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious central nervous system disease, and secondary injury, including oxidative stress, the inflammatory response and accompanying neuronal apoptosis, will aggravate the condition. Due to the existence of the blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB), the existing drugs for SCI treatment are difficulty to reach the injury site and thus their efficacy is limited. In this study, we designed chitosan-modified hollow manganese dioxide nanoparticles (CM) for the delivery of resveratrol to help it pass through the BSCB. Resveratrol (Res), a poorly soluble drug, was adsorbed into CM with a particle size of approximately 130 nm via the adsorption method, and the drug loading reached 21.39 ± 2.53%. In vitro dissolution experiment, the Res release of the loaded sample (CMR) showed slowly release behavior and reached about 87% at 36 h. In vitro at the cellular level and in vivo at the animal level experiments demonstrated that CMR could alleviate significantly oxidative stress by reducing level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and increasing glutathione peroxidase (GSH) level. Additionally, immunofluorescence (iNOS, IL-1ß, and Cl caspase-3) and western blot (iNOS, cox-2, IL-1ß, IL-10, Cl caspase-3, bax, and bcl-2) were used to detect the expression of related factors, which verified that CMR could also reduce inflammation and neuronal apoptosis. These results indicated that CM, as a potential central nervous system drug delivery material, was suitable for SCI treatment.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanopartículas , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Quitosana/metabolismo , Compostos de Manganês , Estresse Oxidativo , Óxidos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Resveratrol/uso terapêutico , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico
7.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(11): 4275-4288, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35864953

RESUMO

C-C motif chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20) participates in multiple oncogenic processes, but its role in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is unclear. Herein, we explored the mechanism by which CCL20 works in LUAD progression. We performed bioinformatical analyses based on the complete transcriptome sequencing data from 1544 LUAD cases in 4 independent cohorts to evaluate signaling pathways regulated by CCL20. We established A549 and H358 cell lines with CCL20 knockdown to explore how CCL20 promotes tumor progression in vitro and in vivo experiments. Using another independent cohort of 348 urothelial carcinoma patients treated with the anti-PD-L1 agent (atezolizumab), we explored the synergistic effect of CCL20 and TGF-ß on immunotherapy efficacy. High CCL20 expression is a poor prognostic marker for LUAD patients, and is associated with enhanced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), inflammatory response, and activated TNF pathway in LUAD. CCL20 knockdown restrained the EMT process and cell proliferation of LUAD cells in vitro and in vivo. Low CCL20 expression blocked the detrimental effects of high TGF-ß on survival and effectively improved patients' response to anti-PD-L1 therapy. Collectively, we revealed the underlying mechanisms by which CCL20 promotes LUAD progression based on the largest sample size. The synergistic inhibitory effect of CCL20 and TGF-ß on immune-checkpoint blockade therapy efficacy provides new views of immunotherapy resistance.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Quimiocina CCL20/genética , Quimiocina CCL20/metabolismo , Quimiocina CCL20/farmacologia , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Ligantes , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(57): 7920-7923, 2022 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35758402

RESUMO

An artificial "salt-in-polymer" SEI, composed of poly-(1,3-dioxolane) and high-modulus fluorinated products generated from the in situ decomposition of Li salts, was constructed on the surface of Li-MSiOx particles. This LiF-rich SEI helps to maintain the structural integrity of Li-MSiOx particles and improves the Li storage reversibility of the Li-MSiOx anode.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(24): 27854-27860, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35678306

RESUMO

The carbon-coated silicon monoxide (SiOx@C) has been considered as one of the most promising high-capacity anodes for the next-generation high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). However, the relatively low initial Coulombic efficiency (ICE) and the still existing huge volume expansion during repeated lithiation/delithiation cycling remain the greatest challenges to its practical application. Here, we developed a lithium and boron (Li/B) co-doping strategy to efficiently enhance the ICE and alleviate the volume expansion or pulverization of SiOx@C anodes. The in situ generated Li silicates (LixSiOy) by Li doping will reduce the active Li loss during the initial cycling and enhance the ICE of SiOx@C anodes. Meanwhile, B doping works to promote the Li+ diffusion and strengthen the internal bonding networks within SiOx@C, enhancing its resistance to cracking and pulverization during cycling. As a result, the enhanced ICE (83.28%), suppressed volume expansion, and greatly improved cycling (85.4% capacity retention after 200 cycles) and rate performance could be achieved for the Li/B co-doped SiOx@C (Li/B-SiOx@C) anodes. Especially, the Li/B-SiOx@C and graphite composite anodes with a capacity of 531.5 mA h g-1 were demonstrated to show an ICE of 90.1% and superior cycling stability (90.1% capacity retention after 250 cycles), which is significant for the practical application of high-energy-density LIBs.

10.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 74(3): 392-400, 2022 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35770637

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to observe the effects of Notch1 and autophagy on extracellular matrix deposition in renal tubulointerstitium of diabetes and to explore the mechanism. The mice were randomly divided into normal control group (db/m mice) and diabetes group (db/db mice). After 12 weeks of feeding, the mice were sacrificed and the corresponding biochemical indexes were measured. Rat renal tubular epithelial cells NRK52E were cultured under normal glucose (NG) and high glucose (HG) respectively, and the expression of Notch1 and LC3 proteins were detected by Western blotting. Autophagosomes in NRK52E cells with overexpressed and knockdown Notch1 under NG and HG conditions were observed by confocal microscope, and the expression changes of Notch1, Collagen-I and III protein were detected by immunofluorescence. The results showed that the Notch1 and Collagen-III expressions were increased (P < 0.01) and the LC3 expression was decreased (P < 0.05) in db/db mice compared with db/m mice. In vitro, the Notch1 was increased (P < 0.01) and the LC3 expression was decreased significantly (P < 0.01) in NRK52E cells of HG group compared with NG group. There was no significant change of Notch1 and LC3 expression between the mannitol (MA) group and the NG group. Autophagy was decreased and extracellular matrix deposition was aggravated when Notch1 was overexpressed. In contrast, autophagy was increased and extracellular matrix deposition was relieved by knockdown of Notch1 under HG conditions. In conclusion, Notch1 protein expression was increased and autophagy was reduced in renal tissue of diabetes and renal tubular epithelial cells under HG. The extracellular matrix deposition in the renal tubulointerstitium was relieved by regulating autophagy after the knockdown of Notch1.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Diabetes Mellitus , Animais , Autofagia/fisiologia , Matriz Extracelular , Glucose/farmacologia , Rim , Camundongos , Ratos , Receptor Notch1/genética
11.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 893195, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35747102

RESUMO

Background: People may endorse suicidal behavior during a major depressive episode. Affective temperaments may play a role in this risk. We explored the relationship between affective temperaments and suicide and identified some traits that can predict suicide risk in depression. Materials and Methods: We analyzed the results of the Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A) in 284 participants recruited from a psychiatric clinic and the community in Beijing and compared the subscale scores (temperaments of cyclothymic, dysthymic, anxious, irritable, and hyperthymic) among major depressive disorders (MDDs) vs. the general population as well as depressive patients with vs. without suicide risk, using Student's test, chi-square test, rank-sum test, and multivariable regression modeling. Results: The incidence of suicidal risk in depressive subjects was 47.62% (80/168). Being unmarried (p < 0.001), unemployed (p = 0.007), and temperaments of dysthymic, cyclothymic, anxious, and irritable scores (all p < 0.001) were significantly more prevalent in patients with depression than in the general population. Young age (p < 0.001), female sex (p = 0.037), unmarried (p = 0.001), more severe depression (p < 0.001), and dysthymic, anxious, and cyclothymic temperament (all p < 0.05) were significantly more prevalent in patients with depressive disorder than those without suicide risk. The logistic regression analysis showed that younger age (odds ratio [OR] = 0.937, 95% CI 0.905∼0.970), female sex (OR = 2.606, 95% CI 1.142∼5.948), more severe depression (OR = 1.145, 95% CI 1.063∼1.234), cyclothymic temperament (OR = 1.275, 95% CI 1.102∼1.475), and dysthymic temperament (OR = 1.265, 95% CI 1.037∼1.542) were all independently associated with high suicidal risk in patients with first-onset major depression (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Temperament traits differ between the general population and people suffering from MDD. Subjects with MDD who have much more severe depressive symptoms and a cyclothymic or dysthymic temperament were at a high risk of suicide.

12.
Clin Transl Med ; 12(6): e944, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35735113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity alters metabolic microenvironment and is thus associated with several tumours. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role, molecular mechanism of action, and potential clinical value of lipid metabolism-related long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) SLC25A21-AS1 in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: A high-fat diets (HFDs)-induced obesity nude mouse model was established, and targeted metabolomics analysis was used to identify critical medium-long chain fatty acids influencing the growth of ESCC cells. Transcriptomic analysis of public dataset GSE53625 confirmed that lncRNA SLC25A21-AS1 was a lipid metabolism-related lncRNA. The biological function of lncRNA SLC25A21-AS1 in ESCC was investigated both in vivo and in vitro. Chromatin immunoprecipitation(ChIP)assay, RNA-pull down, mass spectrometry, co-IP, and RNA IP(RIP) were performed to explore the molecular mechanism. Finally, an ESCC cDNA microarray was used to determine the clinical prognostic value of SLC25A21-AS1 by RT-qPCR. RESULTS: Palmitic acid (PA) is an important fatty acid component of HFD and had an inhibitory effect on ESCC cell lines. LncRNA SLC25A21-AS1 expression was downregulated by PA and associated with the proliferation and migration of ESCC cells in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, SLC25A21-AS1 interacted with nucleophosmin-1 (NPM1) protein to promote the downstream gene transcription of the c-Myc in the nucleus. In the cytoplasm, SLC25A21-AS1 maintained the stability of SLC25A21 mRNA and reduced the intracellular NAD+ /NADH ratio by influencing tryptophan catabolism. Finally, we demonstrated that high expression of SLC25A21-AS1 promoted resistance to cisplatin-induced apoptosis and was correlated with poor tumour grade and overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: HFD/PA has an inhibitory effect on ESCC cells and SLC25A21-AS1 expression. SLC25A21-AS1 promotes the proliferation and migration of ESCC cells by regulating the NPM1/c-Myc axis and SLC25A21 expression. In addition, lncRNA SLC25A21-AS1 may serve as a favourable prognostic biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for ESCC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Camundongos , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Obesidade/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
13.
Int J Cancer ; 151(5): 717-729, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35612583

RESUMO

Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC) is a unique form of poorly differentiated nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and is notorious for its highly malignant nature and dismal prognosis. To introduce effective treatment for PSC patients, precise subtyping of PSC is demanding. In our study, TTF-1 and P40 immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining were applied to 56 PSC patients with multiomics data. According to IHC results, we categorized these patients into three subgroups and profiled their molecular contexture using bioinformatic skills. IHC results classified these patients into three subgroups: TTF-1 positive subgroup (n = 27), P40 positive subgroup (n = 15) and double-negative subgroup (n = 14). Spindle cell samples accounted for 35.71% (5/14) of double-negative patients, higher than others (P = .034). The three subgroups were heterogeneous in the genomic alteration spectrum, showing significant differences in the RTK/RAS pathway (P = .004) and the cell cycle pathway (P = .030). The methylation profile of the double-negative subgroup was between the other two subgroups. In similarity analysis, the TTF-1 and p40 subgroups were closely related to LUAD and LUSC, respectively. The TTF-1 positive subgroup had the highest leukocyte fraction (LF) among several cancer types, and the tumor mutation burden (TMB) of the p40 positive subgroup ranked third in the TMB list, suggesting the applicability of immunotherapy for PSC. The study established a new subtyping method of PSC based on IHC results and reveals three subgroups with distinct molecular features, providing evidence for refined stratification in the treatment of PSC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Carcinoma , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia
14.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 864152, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572970

RESUMO

Intervention studies with active B vitamin supplementation in cognitively impaired individuals have yielded varying results in randomized controlled trials. In addition, a negative interaction of active B vitamin supplementation with aspirin usage on cognitive outcome was noted, but the molecular basis of the interaction has largely remained unknown. To investigate the metabolic basis of cognitive improvement brought about by active B vitamin supplementation, we conducted an extensive metabolomics analysis covering 302 identified metabolites on the baseline and 24-month serum samples from a cohort of 137 subjects randomly assigned to active supplementation or placebo. Pathway analysis uncovered enhanced gluconeogenesis and War-burg effects underlying cognitive improvement in non-aspirin users supplemented with active B vitamins. In addition, metabolomics revealed that aspirin usage may interact with B vitamin supplementation by altering gut microbial metabolism, particularly in terms of propionate production. Lastly, our omics data suggest that varying capacities to assimilate B vitamins at baseline, possibly mediated by differences in gut microbial composition, may underlie variations in inter-individual responses to active B vitamin supplementation.

15.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 44(2): 253-261, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538760

RESUMO

Objective To explore the potential targets of triclosan in the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) and to provide new clues for the future research on the application of triclosan. Methods The targets of triclosan and NAFLD were obtained via network pharmacology.The protein-protein interaction network was constructed with the common targets shared by triclosan and NAFLD.The affinity of triclosan to targets was verified through molecular docking.Gene ontology(GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment were carried out to analyze the key targets and the potential mechanism of action.NAFLD model was established by feeding male C57BL/6J mice with high-fat diet for 12 weeks.The mice were randomly assigned into a model group and a triclosan group [400 mg/(kg·d),gavage once a day for 8 weeks].The hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used for observation of the pathological changes and oil red O staining for observation of fat deposition in mouse liver.Western blotting was employed to detect the protein level of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha(PPARα) in the liver tissue. Results Triclosan and NAFLD had 34 common targets,19 of which may be the potential targets for the treatment,including albumin(ALB),PPARα,mitogen-activated protein kinase 8(MAPK8),and fatty acid synthase.Molecular docking predicted that ALB,PPARα,and MAPK8 had good binding ability to triclosan.KEGG pathway enrichment showcased that the targets were mainly enriched in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor signaling pathway,in which ALB and MAPK8 were not involved.Triclosan alleviated the balloon-like change and lipid droplet vacuole,decreased the lipid droplet area,and up-regulated the expression level of PPARα in mouse liver tissue. Conclusion PPARα is a key target of triclosan in the treatment of NAFLD,which may be involved in fatty acid oxidation through the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Triclosan , Animais , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , PPAR alfa/uso terapêutico , Triclosan/metabolismo , Triclosan/farmacologia , Triclosan/uso terapêutico
16.
Adv Mater ; : e2201916, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535757

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal chalcogenide (TMDC) materials, such as MoS2 , have recently attracted considerable research interest in the context of their use in ultra-scaled devices owing to their excellent electronic properties. Microprocessors and neural network circuits based on MoS2 have been developed at a large scale but still do not have an advantage over silicon in terms of their integrated density. In this study, we review the current structures, contact engineering, and doping methods for 2D TMDC materials for the scaling-down process and performance optimization. Devices are introduced according to a new mechanism to provide the comprehensive prospects for the use of MoS2 beyond the traditional complementary-metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) in order to summarize obstacles to the goal of developing high-density and low-power integrated circuits (ICs). Finally, we briefly analyze prospects for the use of MoS2 in large-scale ICs from the perspectives of the material, system performance, and application to non-logic functionalities such as sensor circuits and analogous circuits. The latter issue is along the direction of "more than Moore" research. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

17.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(31): e202205758, 2022 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524420

RESUMO

Light offers unique opportunities for controlling the activity of materials and biosystems with high spatiotemporal resolution. Molecular photoswitches are chromophores that undergo reversible isomerization between different states upon irradiation with light, allowing a convenient means to control their influence over the system of interest. However, a significant limitation of classical photoswitches is the requirement to initiate the switching in one or both directions using deleterious UV light with poor tissue penetration. Red-shifted photoswitches are hence in high demand and have attracted keen recent research interest. In this Review, we highlight recent progress towards the development of visible- and NIR-activated photoswitches characterized by distinct photochromic reaction mechanisms. We hope to inspire further endeavors in this field, allowing the full potential of these tools in biotechnology and materials chemistry applications to be realized.


Assuntos
Raios Ultravioleta
18.
Small Methods ; 6(7): e2200130, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527334

RESUMO

Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics has emerged as a powerful technique for biomedical research, although technical issues with its analytical precision and structural characterization remain. Herein, a robust non-targeted strategy for accurate quantitation and precise profiling of metabolomes is developed and applied to investigate plasma metabolic features associated with human aging. A comprehensive set of isotope-labeled standards (ISs) covering major metabolic pathways is incorporated to quantify polar metabolites. Matching rules to select ISs for calibration follow a primary criterion of minimal coefficients of variations (COVs). If minimal COVs between specific ISs for a particular metabolite fall within 5% window, a further selection of ISs is conducted based on structural similarities and proximity in retention time. The introduction and refined selection of appropriate ISs for quantitation reduces the COVs of 480 identified metabolites in quality control samples from 14.3% to 9.8% and facilitates identification of additional metabolite. Finally, the precise metabolomics approach reveals perturbations in a diverse array of metabolic pathways across aging that principally implicate steroid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism, and purine metabolism, which allows the authors to draw correlates to the pathology of various age-related diseases. These findings provide clues for the prevention and treatment of these age-related diseases.


Assuntos
Metaboloma , Metabolômica , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Metabolômica/métodos
19.
Adv Mater ; 34(30): e2202072, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35580350

RESUMO

Surface oxygen vacancies have been widely discussed to be crucial for tailoring the activity of various chemical reactions from CO, NO, to water oxidation by using oxide-supported catalysts. However, the real role and potential function of surface oxygen vacancies in the reaction remains unclear because of their very short lifetime. Here, it is reported that surface oxygen vacancies can be well confined electrostatically for a polarization screening near the perimeter interface between Pt {111} nanocrystals and the negative polar surface (001) of ferroelectric PbTiO3. Strikingly, such a catalyst demonstrates a tunable catalytic CO oxidation kinetics from 200 °C to near room temperature by increasing the O2 gas pressure, accompanied by the conversion curve from a hysteresis-free loop to one with hysteresis. The combination of reaction kinetics, electronic energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) analysis, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, indicates that the oxygen vacancies stabilized by the negative polar surface are the active sites for O2 adsorption as a rate-determining step, and then dissociated O moves to the surface of the Pt nanocrystals for oxidizing adsorbed CO. The results open a new pathway for tunable catalytic activity of CO oxidation.

20.
Thorac Cancer ; 13(14): 2014-2023, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35611464

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicated that T cell immunoreceptor with immunoglobulin and ITIM domains (TIGIT) and cluster of differentiation 47 (CD47) have emerged as new potential immunotherapy targets. However, the roles of TIGIT and CD47 in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) have not been fully illustrated. METHODS: The specimens and clinicopathological information from 190 LUSC patients who underwent surgeries in our center were retrospectively collected. Immunohistochemical staining for TIGIT and CD47 was conducted. Transcriptional and clinical data of 479 LUSC were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). RESULTS: In the TCGA LUSC cohort, 142 (29.6%) cases were TIGIT/CD47 dual high expression at RNA level. The expression levels of TIGIT and CD47 were significantly correlated (p < 0.001). The proportions of patients with high TIGIT expression (p = 0.001) and high TIGIT/CD47 dual high expression (p = 0.049) were both higher in female cases. Advanced TNM stage (p = 0.006) and TIGIT/CD47 dual high expression (p = 0.047) were independent prognostic factors for LUSC. In the 190 LUSC cohort of our center, 75 (39.5%) cases were TIGIT/CD47 dual high expression at protein level. Cross-table analysis showed a correlation between TIGIT and CD47 expression. Older age (p = 0.001), advanced TNM stage (p < 0.001) and TIGIT/CD47 dual high expression (p = 0.046) were independent prognostic factors in our cohort. CONCLUSION: We found that TIGIT and CD47 dual high expression was associated with poor prognosis in LUSC. We speculated that patients with dual high expression of CD47/TIGIT might be suitable for new target immunotherapy in the future.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Antígeno CD47/genética , Antígeno CD47/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Prognóstico , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
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