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1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 20906, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463313

RESUMO

Adsorption desorption is an important behavior affecting the migration of phenanthrene in soil. In this study, three typical soils of loess, silts and silty sand in Guanzhong Basin, Shaanxi Province, China were used as adsorbents. Batch equilibrium experiments were carried out to study the adsorption desorption kinetics and isotherm of phenanthrene in different soils. Response surface method (RSM) was used to study the effects of temperature, pH, phenanthrene concentration and organic matter content on soil adsorption of phenanthrene. The results showed that after adsorption, the outline of soil particles became more blurred and the degree of cementation increased. The kinetic adsorption of phenanthrene by soil conforms to the quasi second-order kinetic model, and the adsorption desorption isotherm is nonlinear and conforms to the Freundlich model. Due to the difference of soil properties, the adsorption amount of phenanthrene by soil is loess > silty sand > silts. The thermodynamic results show that the adsorption of phenanthrene by soil is spontaneous and endothermic, and the desorption is spontaneous and exothermic. Through RSM, the interaction between phenanthrene concentration and soil organic matter in Loess and silts is significant, and the interaction between temperature and soil organic matter in silty sand is significant. Among the four factors affecting the adsorption rate of loess, silts and silty sand, soil organic matter is the most significant. The theoretical optimum adsorption rates of loess, silts and silty sand are 98.89%, 96.59% and 93.37% respectively.


Assuntos
Fenantrenos , Solo , Adsorção , Areia
2.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1060217, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36467132

RESUMO

Aim: To compare differences in life satisfaction between widowed and non-widowed elders based on social support. Methods: A total of 4,560 widowed and 3,655 non-widowed elders were selected from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS-2018). Ordinal logistic regression models and t-tests were performed using SPSS v20. Results: Both widowed and non-widowed elders had high levels of life satisfaction. Personal characteristics had a significant impact on the life satisfaction of both widowed and non-widowed elders. Endowment insurance, social trust, residence, self-rated health, and living with family had a significant impact on the life satisfaction of widowed elders (p < 0.001), while endowment insurance, government subsidy, and self-rated health significantly impacted non-widowed elders (p < 0.001). Self-rated health had the greatest impact on the life satisfaction of widowed and non-widowed elders (OR = 4.62/4.45), followed by endowment insurance (OR = 1.24/1.32). Conclusion: Social support can significantly improve life satisfaction, but its impact is heterogeneous. Informal social support plays a greater role in improving the life satisfaction of widowed elders, but formal social support plays a greater role in the life satisfaction of non-widowed elders.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 61(48): 19512-19523, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410943

RESUMO

Two helical ligands (L1 and L2) were designed and synthesized by a Schiff base condensation reaction. Eight complexes, {[Zn(L1)I2]·H2O}n (1), [Cd2(L1)2I4(CH3OH)2] (2), [Hg2(L1)2I4] (3), [Ag(L1)NO3]n (4), [Ag2(L1)2(NO3)2DMSO]·H2O (5), {[Zn2(L2)2Cl4]·2CHCl3}n (6), {[Ag(L2)]·NO3}n (7), and {[Ag(L2)NO3]·CH3OH}n (8), were synthesized and characterized based on these two ligands. The crystal structures show that both Schiff base compounds exist as racemic ligands with equal amounts of P- and M-helicity, and the assembly of these racemic ligands with metal ions can lead to homochiral or heterochiral complexes via a chiral self-recognition or self-discrimination process. Complexes 2, 3, and 5 exist as heterochiral metallomacrocycles with a figure-eight conformation. Complexes 1, 6, and 8 exist as one-dimensional (1D) homochiral helical chain coordination polymers, while complexes 4 and 7 exist as 1D heterochiral helical chain coordination polymers. Furthermore, gas and vapor adsorption measurements show that all of the synthesized complexes exhibit good selective adsorption capacities toward methanol and ethanol vapor over N2, H2, and O2.

4.
Mol Carcinog ; 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36345938

RESUMO

To identify Musashi2 as an effective biomarker regulated by the TGF-ß/Smad2/3 signaling pathway for the precise diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) through bioinformatic tools and experimental verification. The Cancer Genome Atlas, Timer, and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to clarify the expression of Musashi2 and its influence on the prognosis of CRC. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-ß1) was used to activate the TGF-ß/Smad2/3 signaling pathway to identify whether it could regulate the expression and function of Musashi2. Western blot analysis and quantitative PCR analyses were conducted to verify the expression of Musashi2. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8), EdU, wound healing, and Transwell assays were conducted to reveal the role of Musashi2 in the proliferation, migration, and invasion of CRC. Musashi2 was upregulated in CRC and promoted proliferation and metastasis. TGF-ß1 increased the expression of Musashi2, while the antagonist inducer of type II TGF-ß receptor degradation-1 (ITD-1) decreased the expression. CCK8 and EdU assays demonstrated that inhibition of Musashi2 or use of ITD-1 lowered proliferation ability. The Transwell and wound healing assays showed that the migration and invasion abilities of CRC cells could be regulated by Musashi2. The above functions could be enhanced by TGF-ß1 by activating the TGF-ß/Smad2/3 signaling pathway and reversed by ITD-1. A positive correlation was found between Musashi2 and the TGF-ß/Smad2/3 signaling pathway. TGF-ß1 activates the TGF-ß/Smad2/3 pathway to stimulate the expression of Musashi2, which promotes the progression of CRC. Musashi2 might become a target gene for the development of new antitumor drugs.

5.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-73, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373485

RESUMO

How much the vaccine contributes to the induction and development of neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) of breakthrough cases relative to those unvaccinated-infected cases is not fully understood. We conducted a prospective cohort study and collected serum samples from 576 individuals who were diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 Delta strain infection, including 245 breakthrough cases and 331 unvaccinated-infected cases. NAbs were analyzed by live virus microneutralization test and transformation of NAb titer. NAbs titers against SARS-CoV-2 ancestral and Delta variant in breakthrough cases were 7.8-fold and 4.0-fold higher than in unvaccinated-infected cases, respectively. NAbs titers in breakthrough cases peaked at the second week after onset/infection. However, the NAbs titers in the unvaccinated-infected cases reached their highest levels during the third week. Compared to those with higher levels of NAbs, those with lower levels of NAbs had no difference in viral clearance duration time (P>0.05), did exhibit higher viral load at the beginning of infection/maximum viral load of infection. NAb levels were statistically higher in the moderate cases than in the mild cases (P<0.0001). Notably, in breakthrough cases, NAb levels were highest longer than 4 months after vaccination (Delta strain: 53118.2 U/mL), and lowest in breakthrough cases shorter than 1 month (Delta strain: 7551.2 U/mL). Cross-neutralization against the ancestral strain and the current circulating isolate (Omicron BA.5) was significantly lower than against the Delta variant in both breakthrough cases and unvaccinated-infected cases. Our study demonstrated that vaccination could induce immune responses more rapidly and greater which could be effective in controlling SARS-CoV-2.

6.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 24(44): 27388-27393, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331309

RESUMO

The binding of the spike glycoprotein (S protein) in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) to angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is the main pathway that leads to serious coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. In the biomedical applications of various nanomaterials, black phosphorus nanosheets (BP) have been receiving increasing attention owing to their excellent characteristics. In this study, the biological effect of BP on the interaction between the S protein and ACE2 was investigated by molecular dynamics simulations. The results indicated that the ACE2 could be quickly and stably adsorbed on the BP surface by non-specific binding and retain its structural integrity. Compared with the case without BP, the interaction of the S protein bound to ACE2 adsorbed on the BP surface was greatly weakened, including hydrogen bonds, salt bridges, and van der Waals forces. This study not only reveals that BP could effectively obstruct the binding of S protein and ACE2, which may provide a potential and reasonable drug carrier to further enhance the curative effect of inhibitors against SARS-CoV-2 infection, but also presents a novel interference mechanism for protein-protein interactions caused by nanomaterials.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , COVID-19 , Humanos , Fósforo , Ligação Proteica , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Nanoestruturas
8.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 930495, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204612

RESUMO

Candida albicans is a prevalent, opportunistic human fungal pathogen. It usually dwells in the human body as a commensal, however, once in its pathogenic state, it causes diseases ranging from debilitating superficial to life-threatening systemic infections. The switch from harmless colonizer to virulent pathogen is, in most cases, due to perturbation of the fungus-host-microbiota interplay. In this review, we focused on the interactions between C. albicans and the host microbiota in the mouth, gut, blood, and vagina. We also highlighted important future research directions. We expect that the evaluation of these interplays will help better our understanding of the etiology of fungal infections and shed new light on the therapeutic approaches.

9.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1022426, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36276137

RESUMO

Background: Pseudomyxoma peritonei is a rare disease that presents as a malignant tumor on the peritoneal surface. Cytoreductive surgery combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy is the standard treatment for this disease and frequently requires a red blood cell transfusion. However, due to the limited collection and supply of allogeneic blood, surgical treatment may be delayed due to inadequate preparation of allogeneic blood in the course of clinical treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transfusion of stored autologous blood in patients with low-grade pseudomyxoma peritonei. Methods: Pseudomyxoma peritonei patients who received cytoreductive surgery combined with heat-infused peritoneal chemotherapy were divided into two groups: transfusion of allogeneic blood and transfusion of stored autologous blood. A comparison of the differences in multiple factors between the two groups was performed, including tumor recurrence, survival time, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, coagulation function (prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and fibrinogen), total hospital stay duration, and incidence of serious adverse events after surgery. Results: Propensity scores matching analysis yielded 34 patients with allogeneic blood transfusion and 34 patients with stored autologous blood transfusion. Comparison analysis did not show statistical differences in several factors, including age, tumor grade, tumor recurrence rate after surgery, etc., between the two groups. The cytoreductive degree was considered an independent risk factor for tumor recurrence. The pseudomyxoma peritonei patients in the autologous transfusion group had a higher 5-year survival rate and a longer survival time. Moreover, transfusion of stored autologous blood did not increase the rate of tumor recurrence, or the total hospital stay duration after surgery, the hemoglobin level and coagulation function were well stabilized within 24 h after surgery, and there was a low incidence of serious adverse events. Conclusion: The clinical application of transfusion of stored autologous blood in pseudomyxoma peritonei patients is safe and effective.

10.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(29): 10451-10466, 2022 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36312481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinicopathological features and prognosis of gastric signet ring cell carcinoma (GSRC) remain controversial, particularly with regard to sensitivity to postoperative adjuvant therapy. AIM: To compare the pathological features of GSRC with those of gastric adenocarcinoma of different degrees of differentiation and the differences in survival prognosis between the different disease processes. METHODS: By screening gastric cancer patients from 2010 to 2015 in the database of Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results, and collecting the clinicopathological and prognostic data of gastric cancer patients who underwent surgery from January 2014 to December 2016 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, we analyzed the general pathological characteristics of GSRC by the chi-square test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to compare the factors affecting the survival and prognosis of early and advanced gastric adenocarcinoma. The Kaplan-Meier curves were plotted to reveal the survival difference between early and advanced GSRC and different differentiated types of gastric adenocarcinoma. The prognosis model of advanced GSRC was established with R software, and the area under curve (AUC) and C-index were used to assess the accuracy of the model. RESULTS: Analysis of pathological features revealed that signet ring-cell carcinoma (SRC) was more frequently seen in younger (< 60 years), female, and White patients compared to non-SRC patients. SRC was less commonly associated with early gastric cancer (EGC) (23.60% vs 39.10%), lower N0 (38.61% vs 61.03%), and larger tumour sizes > 5 cm (31.15% vs 27.10%) compared to the differentiated type, while the opposite was true compared to the undifferentiated type. Survival prognostic analysis found no significant difference in the prognosis of SRC patients among EGC patients. In contrast, among advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients, the prognosis of SRC patients was correlated with age, race, tumour size, AJCC stage, T-stage, and postoperative adjuvant therapy. The predictive model showed that the 3-year AUC was 0.787, 5-year AUC was 0.806, and C-index was 0.766. Compared to non-SRC patients, patients with SRC had a better prognosis in EGC [hazard ratio (HR): 0.626, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.427-0.919, P < 0.05] and a worse prognosis in AGC (HR: 1.139, 95%CI: 1.030-1.258, P < 0.05). When non-SRC was divided into differentiated and undifferentiated types for comparison, it was found that in EGC, SRC had a better prognosis than differentiated and undifferentiated types, while there was no significant difference between differentiated and undifferentiated types. In AGC, there was no significant difference in prognosis between SRC and undifferentiated types, both of which were worse than differentiated types. A prognostic analysis of postoperative adjuvant therapy for SRC in patients with AGC revealed that adjuvant postoperative radiotherapy or chemotherapy significantly improved patient survival (34.6% and 36.2% vs 18.6%, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The prognosis of SRC is better than that of undifferentiated type, especially in EGC, and its prognosis is even better than that of differentiated type. SRC patients can benefit from early detection, surgical resection, and aggressive adjuvant therapy.

11.
Biomater Adv ; 142: 213155, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308860

RESUMO

As bacterial infections continue to pose a significant challenge to healthcare globally, new therapeutic strategies, interventions, and complementary approaches that address both infection prevention and treatment are needed. As one such strategy, photothermal therapy (PTT) as a non-chemotherapeutic approach is considered a safe and potentially efficient strategy to combat bacterial infections, particularly for antibiotic-resistant pathogens given that PTT operates via a temperature-dependent process against which the development of bacterial resistance is unlikely. Here, we prepared Au@CDs composite nanoparticles (Au@CD) comprised of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and carbon dots (N,S-CDs), and investigated their use as a photothermal agent in PTT. The presence of the CDs as surface decorations conferred improved photothermal conversion efficiency, photostability, and biocompatibility to the Au@CD when compared to the parent AuNPs. To investigate if the Au@CD could serve as a PTT wound dressing and accelerate tissue repair, they were embedded within a PVA membrane via electrospinning. The resultant Au@CD membrane exhibited excellent biocompatibility and photothermal antimicrobial activity. In vitro photothermal antibacterial inactivation studies confirmed their efficacy against S. aureus and E. coli (99 + % inactivation of both pathogens under NIR irradiation). Moreover, in vivo studies employing Kunming male mice with S. aureus-infected wounds on their backs were chosen as a trauma model, with the Au@CD membranes serving as wound dressings. The results showed that a local temperature increased up to 50 °C upon NIR irradiation could effectively eradicate bacteria at the wound site, reduce the risk of bacterial infection, suppress inflammation as well as improve collagen deposition and angiogenesis, all of which together facilitated wound closure and resulted in a better therapeutic effect than the controls. Taken together, this work confirms that NIR-irradiated Au@CD-based membranes and related materials are promising photothermal antimicrobial platforms for wound dressings and related healthcare applications.


Assuntos
Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Ouro/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Terapia Fototérmica , Escherichia coli , Carbono/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
12.
Front Surg ; 9: 977505, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189394

RESUMO

Background: Spinopelvic motion, the cornerstone of the sagittal balance of the human body, is pivotal in patient-specific total hip arthroplasty. Purpose: This study aims to develop a novel model using back propagation neural network (BPNN) to predict pelvic changes when one sits down, based on standing lateral spinopelvic radiographs. Methods: Young healthy volunteers were included in the study, 18 spinopelvic parameters were taken, such as pelvic incidence (PI) and so on. First, standing parameters correlated with sitting pelvic tilt (PT) and sacral slope (SS) were identified via Pearson correlation. Then, with these parameters as inputs and sitting PT and SS as outputs, the BPNN prediction network was established. Finally, the prediction results were evaluated by relative error (RE), prediction accuracy (PA), and normalized root mean squared error (NRMSE). Results: The study included 145 volunteers of 23.1 ± 2.3 years old (M:F = 51:94). Pearson analysis revealed sitting PT was correlated with six standing measurements and sitting SS with five. The best BPNN model achieved 78.48% and 77.54% accuracy in predicting PT and SS, respectively; As for PI, a constant for pelvic morphology, it was 95.99%. Discussion: In this study, the BPNN model yielded desirable accuracy in predicting sitting spinopelvic parameters, which provides new insights and tools for characterizing spinopelvic changes throughout the motion cycle.

13.
J Food Biochem ; : e14484, 2022 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36239431

RESUMO

This work presents a comparative analysis of the tyrosinase inhibitory effects of five citrus flavonoids, namely hesperetin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, naringenin and naringin. Visbile, fluorescence, and fourier transform infrared (FITR) spectroscopies, and molecular dynamic methods were employed to compare the anti-tyrosinase mechanisms of each flavonoid. Hesperetin, neohesperidin, naringenin and naringin exhibited potent inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 0.74 ± 0.05, 2.19 ± 0.03, 7.50 ± 9.82 and 24.94 ± 8.43 µmol/ml, respectively, all of which were higher than that of kojic acid (0.04 ± 0.02 µmol/ml). The enzymatic kinetics results suggested that hesperetin and naringenin were reversible inhibitors on tyrosinase in the mixed-type manner. H-bond and hydrophobic interactions were found to drive the binding of tyrosinase with hesperetin or naringenin, which subsequently changed the FTIR spectroscopy results by decreasing the α-helix ratio and increasing the ß-turn, ß-sheet and random coil ratio in tyrosinase. Molecular dynamics simulation not only verified some of the experimental results, but also suggested that the binding of hesperetin and naringenin to tyrosinase was spontaneous. The findings of this study indicate that citrus flavonoids are a promising dietary resource for tyrosinase inhibition. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Hesperetin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, naringenin and naringin were typical citrus flavonoids that have anti-obesity, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation and anti-diabetes activities. Current study suggested that hesperetin and naringenin were effective reversible inhibitors on tyrosinase in the mixed-type manner. Hesperetin and naringenin might serve as nutritional and chemical agents for regulating the tyrosinase activity to control melanin level in vivo.

14.
Microorganisms ; 10(10)2022 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36296291

RESUMO

Broussonetia papyrifera has a high lignocellulose content leading to poor palatability and low digestion rate of ruminants. Thus, dynamic profiles of fermentation lignocellulose characteristics, microbial community structure, potential function, and interspecific relationships of B. papyrifera mixing with wheat bran in different ratios: 100:0 (BP100), 90:10 (BP90), 80:20 (BP80), and 65:35 (BP65) were investigated on ensiling days 5, 15, 30, and 50. The results showed that adding bran increased the degradation rate of hemicellulose, neutral detergent fiber, and the activities of filter paper cellulase, endoglucanase, acid protease, and neutral protease, especially in the ratio of 65:35. Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, and Weissella genus bacteria were the dominant genera in silage fermentation, and Pediococcus and Weissella genus bacteria regulated the process of silage fermentation. Compared with monospecific B. papyrifera silage, adding bran significantly increased the abundance of Weissella sp., and improved bacterial fermentation potential in BP65 (p < 0.05). Distance-based redundancy analysis showed that lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were significantly positive correlated with most lignocellulose content and degrading enzymes activities, while Monascus sp. and Syncephalastrum sp. were opposite (p < 0.05). Co-occurrence network analysis indicated that there were significant differences in microbial networks among different mixing ratios of B. papyrifera silage prepared with bran. There was a more complex, highly diverse and less competitive co-occurrence network in BP65, which was helpful to silage fermentation. In conclusion, B. papyrifera ensiled with bran improved the microbial community structure and the interspecific relationship and reduced the content of lignocellulose.

15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 72(10)2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36282564

RESUMO

Three Gram-stain-negative, motile, with amphilophotrichous flagella, and rod-shaped bacteria (LJ1, LJ2T and LJ3) were isolated from lower leaves with black spots on flue-cured tobacco in Yunnan, PR China. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicate that all the strains from tobacco were closely related to the type strains of the Pseudomonas syringae group within the P. fluorescens lineage and LJ2T has the highest sequence identities with P. cichorii DSM 50259T (99.92 %), P. capsici Pc19-1T (99.67 %) and P. ovata F51T (98.94 %) . The 16S rRNA gene sequence identities between LJ2T and other members of the genus Pseudomonas were below 98.50%. The average nucleotide identity by blast (ANIb) values between LJ2T and P. cichorii DSM 50259T, P. capsici Pc19-1T and P. ovata F51T were less than 95 %, and the in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (isDDH) values (yielded by formula 2) were less than 70 %. The major fatty acids were C16  :  1ω7c and/or C16  :  1ω6c (summed feature 3), C16  :  0 and C18  :  1ω7c and/or C18  :  1ω6c (summed feature 8). The polar lipids profile of LJ2T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified phospholipids and one unidentified glycolipid. The predominant respiratory quinone was Q-9. The DNA G+C content of LJ2T was 58.4 mol%. On the basis of these data, we concluded that LJ2T represents a novel species of the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas lijiangensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Pseudomonas lijiangensis sp. nov. is LJ2T (=CCTCC AB 2021465T=GDMCC 1.2884T=JCM 35177T).


Assuntos
Fosfatidiletanolaminas , Pseudomonas , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Filogenia , Composição de Bases , Tabaco , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Cardiolipinas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Análise de Sequência de DNA , China , Fosfolipídeos , Fosfatidilcolinas , Glicolipídeos , Quinonas , Nucleotídeos
16.
Front Physiol ; 13: 1006980, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36299258

RESUMO

Junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) is a group of autosomal recessive disorders characterized by amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) and fragility of the skin and mucous membranes. The purpose of this study was to identify pathogenic gene variants and investigate the phenotypic characteristics of abnormal enamel structure and mucocutaneous lesions in a patient with JEB. Clinical examination of the patient revealed hypoplastic AI, skin lesions, and oral ulcers, whereas her parents were normal. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) and cDNA cloning identified compound heterozygous variants of LAMB3 in the proband: c.125G>C in exon 3, c.1288 + 1G>A in intron 11, and c.1348C>T in exon 12. Among these, c.125G>C was inherited from her father, and the other two variants were inherited from her mother. Functional prediction indicated that the variants might change protein structure and cause disease. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examination of the primary and permanent teeth revealed abnormal enamel morphology and microstructures. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and immunofluorescence (IF) staining showed significantly abnormal and disorganized epithelial cells in the gingival mucosa. Our results showed that this was a case of intermediate JEB1A (OMIM #226650) with autosomal recessive inheritance. The proband carried rare compound heterozygous variants of LAMB3. Our results broaden the variant spectrum of the LAMB3 gene and JEB cases. Moreover, this is the first study to identify histological malformations of the primary teeth and oral mucosa in LAMB3-related patients.

17.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 8343452, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36226197

RESUMO

The life satisfaction of the elderly is the key to subjective well-being and healthy aging. Many related studies are focused on the affected factors, including health status, economic level, social support, pension mode, social security, and intergenerational support, etc., but few are based on the macro perspective of healthy aging. This study constructed a healthy aging evaluation system with 6 dimensions, including 15 primary indicators and 57 secondary indicators, to evaluate the relationship between healthy aging and elderly life satisfaction. Results showed that the 13168 participants were, mainly, female (53.76%), 80-99 years old (47.99%), lived in rural areas (77.00%), married and living with their spouse (43.70%), and widowed (52.15%). 80.32% lived with household members. 70.37% elderly were satisfied with their lives. Specifically, there was no gender difference in life satisfaction of the elderly (p=0.273), but there were significant differences between groups of urban and rural (p < 0.001), age groups of 65-79 and 80 older (p < 0.001), marriage groups of unmarried and married (p < 0.001), and types of elderly care of living alone and with others (p < 0.001), respectively. Among the six dimensions of healthy aging, healthcare performed best and living environment dimension was the worst, which was an area that urgently needed to strengthen. The odds ratios (ORs) showed that the dimensions of social participation/social equity and economic finance played important roles in the well-being of the elderly. Under the macro background of healthy aging, how to take measures from the micro perspective of the healthy aging evaluation index system and ultimately improve the life satisfaction of the elderly and still needs to be explored in-depth.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento Saudável , Satisfação Pessoal , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos
18.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 30(4): 1203-1207, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35981385

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the production of platelet HLA-Ⅰ antibody and HLA-A, B genes in patients with malignant hematological diseases, and explore the susceptible gene for producing platelet HLA-Ⅰ antibody. METHODS: Patients with malignant hematological diseases who had received multiple platelet transfusion were selected as the research objects in the Department of Hematology of our hospital. Platelet HLA-I antibody were screened by ELISA, and the patients were divided into positive and negative groups according to the results. HLA-A and B genes were sequenced after genomic DNA was extracted, and the frequencies of them were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The positive rate of platelet HLA-I antibody was 22.95%. A total of 13 HLA-A alleles and 14 HLA-B alleles were obtained after the HLA-A and B genes sequencing in 100 cases. The frequencies of HLA-A*24, HLA-A*30, and HLA-B*13 were significantly different between the two groups (P<0.05). Frequencies of HLA-A*30 and HLA-B*13 in the positive group were lower than those in the negative group (RR=0.107, 0.387), but HLA-A*24 was higher (RR=1.412). After high-resolution typing of HLA-A*24, HLA-A*30, and HLA-B*13, frequencies of HLA-A*24∶02, HLA-A*30∶01, and HLA-B*13∶02 were significantly different between the two groups, the RR value was 1.412, 0.107, and 0.125, 95%CI was 0.961-2.075, 0.016-0.721, and 0.300-0.515, respectively. CONCLUSION: HLA-A*24∶02 may be a susceptible gene for producing platelet HLA-Ⅰ antibody in patients with malignant hematological diseases, while HLA-A*30∶01 and HLA-B*13∶02 may be two protective genes.


Assuntos
Doenças Hematológicas , Transfusão de Plaquetas , Alelos , Anticorpos , Frequência do Gene , Antígenos HLA-A/genética , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Doenças Hematológicas/genética , Humanos
19.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 6664990, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36017237

RESUMO

Vascular dementia (VaD), the second cause of dementia, is caused by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, producing progressive damage to cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and white matter. Ligustilide (LIG), one of the main active ingredients of Angelica sinensis, exerts the neuroprotective effect on neurodegenerative diseases. However, the mechanism remains unclear. An in vivo model of bilateral common carotid artery occlusion and in vitro model of oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) were employed in this study. LIG (20 or 40 mg/kg/day) was intragastrically administered to the VaD rats for four weeks. The results of the Morris water maze test demonstrated that LIG effectively ameliorated learning and memory deficiency in VaD rats. LIG obviously relieved neuronal oxidative stress damage by increasing the activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) and decreasing the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) in VaD rats. Nissl staining showed that LIG increased the number of the Nissl body in VaD rats. After LIG administration, the apoptotic-related protein, Bax, was decreased and Bcl-2 was increased in the hippocampus of VaD rats. Moreover, the expressions of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) were decreased, binding immunoglobulin protein (BIP) and phospho-inositol-requiring enzyme-1α (P-IRE1α), X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1s), and C/EBP-homologous protein (CHOP) were increased in VaD rats. After LIG treatment, these changes were reversed. The immunofluorescence results further showed that LIG upregulated the expression of SIRT1 and downregulated the expression of P-IRE1α in VaD rats. In addition, in vitro experiment showed that EX-527 (SIRT1 inhibitor) partly abolished the inhibitory effect of LIG on the IRE1α/XBP1s/CHOP pathway. In conclusion, these studies indicated that LIG could improve cognitive impairment by regulating the SIRT1/IRE1α/XBP1s/CHOP pathway in VaD rats.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência Vascular , 4-Butirolactona/análogos & derivados , Animais , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Demência Vascular/tratamento farmacológico , Endorribonucleases , Complexos Multienzimáticos , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , Ratos , Sirtuína 1 , Fator de Transcrição CHOP , Proteína 1 de Ligação a X-Box
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35978248

RESUMO

To obtain systematic knowledge on the waterborne pollution status and ecological and human health risk of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) and metals in the southeastern Bohai Sea, seawater samples were collected in three seasons from 2014 to 2018. TPHs and mercury (Hg) levels were determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometry and cold atomic absorption spectrometry, respectively, and concentrations of copper (Cu), lead (Pb), and cadmium (Cd) were detected by anodic stripping voltammetry. Spatial distribution patterns indicated that these waterborne pollutants are mainly sourced from terrestrial inputs. Temporal variation showed that Pb contents decreased in the past five years, and summer exhibited higher concentrations of Hg, Cu, and Cd than spring and autumn. Spearman's rank correlation coefficients demonstrated that temperature correlated positively with Cu content, while dissolved oxygen, pH, and suspended particulate material correlated negatively with pollutant concentrations. While hazard quotient values were lower than 1 for TPHs, Hg, Pb, and Cd, the hazard quotient of Cu (4.88) was greater than 1, suggesting potential ecological risks of this element in seawater of the southeastern Bohai Sea. The total target hazard quotients of Hg, Cu, Pb, and Cd in seawater of the southeastern Bohai Sea were all lower than 1, which indicated that there was no noncarcinogenic risk caused by heavy metals in seawater of the southeastern Bohai Sea. However, the carcinogenic risk of Cd (1.54 × 10-5) was in the range of 10-6-10-4, which may lead to the occurrence of cancer. This study sounds an alarm for stricter control of metal emissions into this sea area.

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