Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 618
Filtrar
1.
Neurosci Lett ; : 135674, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529652

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative condition leading to severe disability from progressive impairments in cognitive functions including memory and learning. Non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) have been linked to the pathogenesis of AD. The present study aimed to investigate the clinical significance and biological function of miR-140 in AD. First, we examined the expression of miR-140 and PINK1 in brain tissues of the established AD model rats and neurons cultured with Aß-derived diffusible ligands (AßDDLs). We identified an interaction between miR-140 and PINK1, and measured spatial learning and memory abilities of the model rats using the Morris water maze (MWM) test. After ectopic expression and depletion experiments in neurons and AD rats, we measured the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), along with mTOR expression and phosphorylation, and autophagy-related factors. Results showed up-regulation of miR-140 and down-regulation of PINK1 in AD model rats and neurons. PINK1 was verified to be a direct target of miR-140, and silencing of miR-140 suppressed mitochondrial dysfunction, and enhanced autophagy in AD model rats and neurons, as supported by decreased levels of mTOR expression and phosphorylation, ß-amyloid p-Tau (Ser396), p-Tau (Thr231), Tau and ROS, and increased MMP levels and expression of Beclin 1 expression and LC3-II/LC3-I. Collectively, functional suppression of miR-140 enhanced autophagy and prevented mitochondrial dysfunction by upregulating PINK1, ultimately suggesting a novel therapeutic target for AD.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3990, 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33597569

RESUMO

We aimed to explore the clinicopathological features and survival-related factors for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Eligible data were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database from 2004 to 2015. Totally, 4595 ICC patients were collected with a male to female ratio of nearly 1:1. The higher proportion of ICC patients was elderly, tumor size ≥ 5 cm and advanced AJCC stage. Most patients (79.2%) have no surgery, while low proportion of patients receiving radiotherapy (15.1%). The median survival was 7.0 months (range 0-153 months). The 5-year CSS and OS rates were 8.96% and 7.90%. Multivariate analysis found that elderly age (aged ≥ 65 years old), male, diagnosis at 2008-2011, higher grade, tumor size ≥ 5 cm, and advanced AJCC stage were independent factors for poorer prognosis; while API/AI (American Indian/AK Native, Asian/Pacific Islander) race, married, chemotherapy, surgery and radiotherapy were independent favorable factors in both CSS and OS. Furthermore, stratified analysis found that chemotherapy and radiotherapy improved CSS and OS in patients without surgery. Age, sex, race, years of diagnosis, married status, grade, tumor size, AJCC stage, surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy were significantly related to prognosis of ICC. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy could significantly improve survival in patients without surgery.

3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 213: 111941, 2021 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33567358

RESUMO

Cloudy weather with low light is more common during rice growing season of South China which often leads reduced yield and aroma formations in fragrant rice. However, exogenous γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) application could enhance the 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline (2AP) accumulations and yield of fragrant rice under low light conditions. Field and pot experiments were conducted with three fragrant rice cultivars i.e., Basmati and Yuxiangyouzhan (indica), and Yungengyou 14 (japonica) that were grown under three different treatments i.e., normal light + GABA 0 mg L-1 (CK), low light + GABA 0 mg L-1 (T1), and low light + GABA 250 mg L-1 (T2). The results revealed that the grain 2AP contents were increased by 14.67-34.83% and up to 29.34% under T1 and T2 treatments in pot and field experiments, respectively, as compared with CK. The T1 and T2 treatments improved aroma owing to regulation in the accumulation of micronutrients i.e., Na, Mn, and Fe and enzyme activities involved in 2AP biosynthesis. The grain yield was substantially reduced in T1 as compared with T2 treatment for all rice cultivars. On the other hand, GABA application improved the grain yield under low light conditions by regulating the plant growth, and related physiological and biochemical attributes in all rice cultivars. Thus, GABA could balance low light-induced 2AP content and grain yield by modulating morphological and yield related attributes as well as physio-biochemical responses of fragrant rice.

4.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 77(2): 170-181, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538532

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress, the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), and inflammation are some of the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension. The aim of this study is to examine the protective effect of the chronic administration of astaxanthin, which is extracted from the shell of crabs and shrimps, into hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Animals were randomly assigned to 2 groups and treated with bilateral PVN infusion of astaxanthin or vehicle (artificial cerebrospinal fluid) through osmotic minipumps (Alzet Osmotic Pumps, Model 2004, 0.25 µL/h) for 4 weeks. Spontaneously hypertensive rats had higher mean arterial pressure and plasma level of norepinephrine and proinflammatory cytokine; higher PVN levels of reactive oxygen species, NOX2, NOX4, IL-1ß, IL-6, ACE, and AT1-R; and lower PVN levels of IL-10 and Cu/Zn SOD, Mn SOD, ACE2, and Mas receptors than Wistar-Kyoto rats. Our data showed that chronic administration of astaxanthin into PVN attenuated the overexpression of reactive oxygen species, NOX2, NOX4, inflammatory cytokines, and components of RAS within the PVN and suppressed hypertension. The present results revealed that astaxanthin played a role in the brain. Our findings demonstrated that astaxanthin had protective effect on hypertension by improving the balance between inflammatory cytokines and components of RAS.

5.
Int J Phytoremediation ; : 1-9, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617358

RESUMO

Salinity negatively effects the growth and productivity of crop plants; however, the effects of hydrogen rich water (HRW) on the early growth of fragrant rice under salinity stress are rarely investigated. In present study, two HRW treatments: foliar application (F-HRW) and irrigation (I-HRW) were applied on the two fragrant rice cultivars, Yuxiangyouzhan and Xiangyaxiangzhan, grown under normal and salt stress conditions, i.e., 0 and 150 mmol NaCl L-1, respectively. Plants without HRW application were grown as control (CK). Results showed that the dry weight per unit plant height (mg cm-1) was increased by 12.6% and 23.0% in F-HRW and I-HRW, respectively under salt stress as compared with CK. Application of HRW, regardless of the application method, modulated the antioxidant activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), and catalase (CAT) while reduced malondialdehyde (MDA) contents under salt stress. Moreover, significant and positive relations were observed among total dry weight and shoot dry weight, dry weight per unit plant height, SOD and CAT activity in root. Overall, F-HRW application modulated the early growth and related physiological attributes in fragrant rice under salt stress whereas I-HRW was found to mitigate salt stress. Novelty statement: Involvement of endogenous H2 in plants for regulating various physiological functions is of great importance to stimulate and/or activate the antioxidant defense responses against oxidative stress; however, there is a lack of research in this aspect. The present study investigated the effects of hydrogen rich water (HRW) on the growth and physiological attributes of two fragrant rice cultivars grown under salt-stress. It was noteworthy to find that application of HRW either foliar application or irrigation improved the morphological characters, i.e., dry weight per unit plant height and enhanced the activities of antioxidants, i.e., peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase whilst decreased the malonaldehyde content. Overall, the application of HRW modulates plant growth and physiological attributes in fragrant rice cultivars under salt-stress conditions. This study will be helpful in improving the early growth and/or stand establishment of fragrant rice nursery under saline conditions.

6.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486573

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The application of the anatomical parameters of the contralateral hip joint to guide the preoperative template of the affected side relies on the bilateral hip symmetry. We investigated the bilateral hip symmetry and range of anatomical variations by measurement and comparison of bilateral hip anatomical parameters. METHODS: This study included 224 patients (448 hips) who were diagnosed with osteoarthritis (OA) and avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femur head, and underwent bilateral primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in our hospital from January 2012 to August 2020. Imaging data included 224 patients X-ray and 30 CT data at the end of the cohort. Anatomical parameters, including the acetabular abduction angle and trochanteric height, were measured using the Noble method. Postoperative measurements included stem size, difference of leg length and offset. RESULTS: Except for the isthmus width, there were no significant differences in the anatomical morphology of the hip joint. Among the demographic factors, there was a correlation between body weight and NSA. Among various anatomical parameters, a correlation was present between medullary cavity widths of T + 20, T, and T - 20. The difference in the use of stem size is not due to the morphological difference of bilateral medullary cavity, but due to the different of 1- or 2-stage surgery. CONCLUSION: Bilateral symmetry was present among the patients with normal morphology of the hip medullary cavity, theoretically confirming the feasibility of structural reconstruction of the hip joint using the hip joint on the uninjured side. Additionally, the difference in the morphology of the hip medullary cavity is not present in a single plane but is synergistically affected by multiple adjacent planes.

7.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389306

RESUMO

This study is to determine the role of the fractional CO2 laser in topical drug delivery and the impact of local immune responses. Experimental rabbit nails were treated with fractionated CO2 laser at varied fluencies of 20 mJ, 25 mJ, and 30 mJ and half of which were coated with rhodamine B (RhB). Histological examination was performed by hematoxylin and eosin staining; the penetration of RhB was assessed by the use of confocal laser scanning microscopy; and the expressions of IFN-γ and IL-4 mRNA in situ were detected by means of qPCR at 12 h, 24 h, 3 days, and 7 days post-laser irritation. The fractional CO2 laser could generate microscopic treatment zones in nail plates, and the depths of these micropores as well as the permeation of RhB in nails increased significantly in an energy-dependent manner. Importantly, the laser irritation led an upregulation of local IFN-γ mRNA expression accompanied by a downregulation of IL-4 mRNA expression. The ultrapulsed ablative fractionated CO2 laser may assist topical drug delivery, and may drive stronger local Th1 responses due to an imbalance of IFN-γ/IL-4 expressions, suggesting that the combination of ablative fractionated CO2 laser with topical agents would be an effective option for the treatment of onychomycosis.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420833

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Esophagojejunostomy is a challenging step in laparoscopic gastrectomy. Although the overlap method is a safe and feasible approach for esophagojejunostomy, it has several technical limitations. We developed novel modifications for the overlap method to overcome these disadvantages. METHODS: Forty-eight consecutive gastric cancer patients underwent totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy or laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy with double-tract reconstruction at our institution from January 2019 to April 2020 using the overlap method with the following modifications. The esophagus was initially rotated by 90° counterclockwise, followed by transection of two-thirds of the esophageal diameter. The unstapled esophagus was then transected with a harmonic ultrasonic scalpel to enable esophagostomy at the posterior side of the esophagus. A side-to-side esophagojejunostomy was then formed at the posterior side of the esophagus using an endoscopic linear stapler through the right lower trocar. The common entry hole was closed via hand sewing method using V-Loc suture. This procedure was termed "esophagus two-step-cut overlap method." RESULTS: Only one patient suffered from esophagojejunal anastomotic leakage but subsequently recovered after conservative treatment. Patients did not experience anastomotic bleeding or stricture. CONCLUSION: Our modified overlap method provides satisfactory surgical outcomes and overcomes several technical limitations, such as entering the false lumen of the esophagus, unnecessary pollution caused by nasogastric tube, and unintended left crus stapling during anastomosis.

9.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(1): e25535, 2021 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Effectively identifying patients with COVID-19 using nonpolymerase chain reaction biomedical data is critical for achieving optimal clinical outcomes. Currently, there is a lack of comprehensive understanding in various biomedical features and appropriate analytical approaches for enabling the early detection and effective diagnosis of patients with COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to combine low-dimensional clinical and lab testing data, as well as high-dimensional computed tomography (CT) imaging data, to accurately differentiate between healthy individuals, patients with COVID-19, and patients with non-COVID viral pneumonia, especially at the early stage of infection. METHODS: In this study, we recruited 214 patients with nonsevere COVID-19, 148 patients with severe COVID-19, 198 noninfected healthy participants, and 129 patients with non-COVID viral pneumonia. The participants' clinical information (ie, 23 features), lab testing results (ie, 10 features), and CT scans upon admission were acquired and used as 3 input feature modalities. To enable the late fusion of multimodal features, we constructed a deep learning model to extract a 10-feature high-level representation of CT scans. We then developed 3 machine learning models (ie, k-nearest neighbor, random forest, and support vector machine models) based on the combined 43 features from all 3 modalities to differentiate between the following 4 classes: nonsevere, severe, healthy, and viral pneumonia. RESULTS: Multimodal features provided substantial performance gain from the use of any single feature modality. All 3 machine learning models had high overall prediction accuracy (95.4%-97.7%) and high class-specific prediction accuracy (90.6%-99.9%). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the existing binary classification benchmarks that are often focused on single-feature modality, this study's hybrid deep learning-machine learning framework provided a novel and effective breakthrough for clinical applications. Our findings, which come from a relatively large sample size, and analytical workflow will supplement and assist with clinical decision support for current COVID-19 diagnostic methods and other clinical applications with high-dimensional multimodal biomedical features.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Saúde , Aprendizado de Máquina , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , /diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
10.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 534: 99-106, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316546

RESUMO

Interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) is an unexplained disease state characterized by autoimmunity and pulmonary fibrosis. Exploring the pathogenesis of IPAF is helpful for the treatment of interstitial pneumonia and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. In this study, we observed that the lung Galectin-9 (Gal-9) of IPAF patients was significantly reduced, which was significantly related to lung dysfunction and abnormal humoral immunity. Moreover, an overreactive germinal center (GC) reaction in the lung lymph nodes (LNs) of Gal-9-deficient mice was found to be related to abnormally active follicular helper T cells (Tfh) cells. The lack of Gal-9 ligand in Tfh cells can lead to excessive transcriptional programming and differentiation and help GC B cells. Gal-9 deficiency caused an abnormal humoral immune response in mice, leading to excessive deposition of nonspecific autoantibodies in mice and chronic lung fibrosis. Our research reveals the important regulatory role of gal-9 in Tfh cells and a possible target for the treatment of IPAF.

11.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 162: 111906, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321305

RESUMO

To evaluate the occurrence and partition of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs), water, sediment, and organisms were sampled from the eastern sea area of Shandong Peninsula (Yellow Sea, China) across all four seasons in 2016. There were three OCP hotspots in the sediment, mainly caused by the transportation of lindane and dicofol from adjacent Swan Lake and Guhe River. Waterborne OCP levels were highest in winter and lowest in spring, without vertical variability, suggesting that the Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass was governing the spatio-temporal distribution of OCPs in seawater. There was substantial accumulation of HCHs and DDTs in organisms via sediment, as indicated by the relatively low fraction of sedimental fugacity, high bio-sediment accumulation factor, and a positive linear correlation between logΣHCHs and trophic level. This is the first study that has focused on the accumulation of OCPs in entire sediment-seawater-organism system involving multi-phyla of species.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Clorados , Praguicidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
12.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 29: 115890, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285407

RESUMO

As abnormal PI3K signaling is a feature of many types of cancer, the development of orally active PI3K inhibitors is of great significance for targeted cancer therapy. Through integrating strategies of reducing aromatic character/increasing the fraction of sp3 carbons together with scaffold hopping, we designed and synthesized two new series of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine and thiazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidine derivatives for use as PI3K inhibitors. Our structure-activity relationship studies led to the identification of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine 6a and thiazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidine 7a, which exhibited remarkable nanomolar PI3K potency, good antiproliferative activity, favorable pharmacokinetic properties and significant in vivo anti-cancer efficacy. Notably, thiazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidine 7a had better anti-cancer activity than thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine 6a and is worthy of further pre-clinical evaluation for its use in cancer treatment.

13.
Phytomedicine ; 81: 153410, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Homocysteine (Hcy) induced vascular endothelial dysfunction is known to be closely associated with oxidative stress and impaired NO system. 1,8-Dihydroxy-3-methoxy-6-methylanthracene-9,10-dione (physcion) has been known to has antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to define the protective effect of physcion on Hcy-induced endothelial dysfunction and its mechanisms involved. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) rat model was induced by feeding 3% methionine. A rat thoracic aortic ring model was used to investigate the effects of physcion on Hcy-induced impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation. Two doses, low (L, 30 mg/kg/day) and high (H, 50 mg/kg/day) of physcion were used in the present study. To construct Hcy-injured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) model, the cells treated with 3 mM Hcy. The effects of physcion on Hcy-induced HUVECs cytotoxicity and apoptosis were studied using MTT and flow cytometry. Confocal analysis was used to determine the levels of intracellular Ca2+. The levels of protein expression of the apoptosis-related markers Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-9/3, and Akt and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were evaluated by western blot. RESULTS: In the HHcy rat model, plasma levels of Hcy and malondialdehyde (MDA) were elevated (20.45 ± 2.42 vs. 4.67 ± 1.94 µM, 9.42 ± 0.48 vs. 3.47 ± 0.59 nM, p < 0.001 for both), whereas superoxide dismutase (SOD) and nitric oxide (NO) levels were decreased (77.11 ± 4.78 vs. 115.02 ± 5.63 U/ml, 44.51 ± 4.45 vs. 64.18 ± 5.34 µM, p < 0.001 and p < 0.01, respectively). However, treatment with physcion significantly reversed these changes (11.82 ± 2.02 vs. 20.45 ± 2.42 µM, 5.97 ± 0.72 vs. 9.42 ± 0.48 nM, 108.75 ± 5.65 vs. 77.11 ± 4.78 U/ml, 58.14 ± 6.02 vs. 44.51 ± 4.45 µM, p < 0.01 for all). Physcion also prevented Hcy-induced impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation in HHcy rats (1.56 ± 0.06 vs. 15.44 ± 2.53 nM EC50 for ACh vasorelaxation, p < 0.05 vs. HHcy). In Hcy-injured HUVECs, physcion inhibited the impaired viability, apoptosis and reactive oxygen species. Hcy treatment significantly increased the protein phosphorylation levels of p38 (2.26 ± 0.20 vs. 1.00 ± 0.12, p <0.01), ERK (2.11 ± 0.21 vs. 1.00 ± 0.11, p <0.01) and JNK. Moreover, physcion reversed the Hcy-induced apoptosis related parameter changes such as decreased mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and Bcl-2/Bax protein ratio, and increased protein expression of caspase-9/3 in HUVECs. Furthermore, the downregulation of Ca2+, Akt, eNOS and NO caused by Hcy were recovered with physcion treatment in HUVECs. CONCLUSION: Physcion prevents Hcy-induced endothelial dysfunction by activating Ca2+- and Akt-eNOS-NO signaling pathways. This study provides the first evidence that physcion might be a candidate agent for the prevention of cardiovascular disease induced by Hcy.

14.
J Environ Manage ; 279: 111771, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307318

RESUMO

To obtain a systematic knowledge on occurrence, partition, and risk of seven heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr, Hg, and As) in multi-media of marine ecosystem, sediments, seawater, and 20 species of organisms were collected from 62 sites in the eastern sea area of Shandong Peninsula, located in Yellow Sea (China), in four seasons of 2016. The concentrations were in the low-middle level compared with values from other sea areas all over the world. The highest concentrations of most of the seven elements were detected in sediments and seawater near the coastline. LogKd (distribution coefficient of sediment/water) ranged from 3.3 to 4.7. Concentrations of heavy metals in mollusc and/or crustacea were generally higher than that in fish (especially pelagic species), and while there was no significant relationships between pollutant concentrations and trophic levels. Cd and As were the most bio-accumulative elements, and As in mollusc may pose low non-carcinogenic risk We suggest that in the studied area heavy metals are mainly sourced from terrestrial input, preferentially retained by sediments, then accumulated in mollusc, and finally entered human body through mollusc consumption. Our study sounds an alarm for stricter control of metal emissions into this sea area.

15.
Cancer Res ; 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361392

RESUMO

AKR1C3 is an enzyme belonging to the aldo-ketoreductase family, the members of which catalyze redox transformations involved in biosynthesis, intermediary metabolism, and detoxification. AKR1C3 plays an important role in tumor progression and metastasis; however, little is known about the function and the molecular mechanism underlying the role of AKR1C3 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we report that AKR1C3 is significantly upregulated in HCC and that increased AKR1C3 is associated with poor survival. AKR1C3 positively regulated HCC cell proliferation and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. AKR1C3 promoted tumor proliferation and metastasis by activating NF-κB signaling. Furthermore, AKR1C3 regulated NF-κB activity by modulating TRAF6 and inducing its autoubiquitination in HCC cells. Activation of NF-κB released proinflammatory factors that facilitated the phosphorylation of STAT3 and increased tumor cell proliferation and invasion. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments showed that AKR1C3 promoted tumor proliferation and invasion via the IL-6/STAT3 pathway. STAT3 also directly bound the AKR1C3 promoter and increased transcription of AKR1C3, thereby establishing a positive regulatory feedback loop. Treatment with the AKR1C3 inhibitors indocin and medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) inhibited tumor growth and invasion and promoted apoptosis in HCC cells. Collectively, these results indicate that a AKR1C3/NF-κB/STAT3 signaling loop results in HCC cell proliferation and metastasis and could be a promising therapeutic target in HCC.

16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 7425397, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33313317

RESUMO

Objective: The field of single-cell analysis has rapidly grown worldwide, and a bibliometric analysis and visualization of data and publications pertaining to such single-cell research has the potential to offer insights into the development of this field over the past two decades while also highlighting future avenues of research. Methods: Single-cell analysis-related studies published from 2000-2019 were identified through searches of the Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed databases, and corresponding bibliometric data were systematically compiled. Extracted data from each study included author names, country of origin, and affiliations. GraphPad Prism was used to analyze these data, while VOSviewer was used to perform global analyses of bibliographic coupling, coauthorship, cocitation, and co-occurrence. Results: In total, 4,071 relevant studies were included in this analysis. The number of publications increased substantially with time, suggesting that single-cell analyses are becoming increasingly more prevalent in recent years. Studies from the USA had the greatest impact in this field, with higher H-index values and numbers of citations relative to other countries, whereas Israel exhibited the highest average number of citations per publication. Bibliographic coupling, coauthorship, cocitation, and co-occurrence analyses revealed that Analytical Chemistry was associated with the highest number of publications in this field, and the University of Stanford contributed the most to this field. The most cited study included in this analysis was published by Macosko et al. in 2015 in Cell. Co-occurrence analyses revealed that the most common single-cell research topics included "mechanistic studies," "in vitro studies," "in vivo studies," and "fabrication studies." Conclusions: Single-cell analyses are a rapidly growing area of scientific interest, and higher volumes of publications in this field are expected in the coming years, particularly for studies conducting fabrication and in vivo single-cell analyses.

17.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; Publish Ahead of Print2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The overall satisfaction of patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is approximately 80%, and current studies have demonstrated that patients with depression may have lower patient satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to determine whether perioperative psychological intervention in patients with depression improves the clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction in patients undergoing TKA. METHODS: Six hundred patients who underwent primary TKA from May 2016 to January 2018 were prospectively screened for eligibility. A preoperative psychological evaluation was conducted by a psychiatrist to evaluate each patient's psychological status. Patients who were diagnosed with depression were randomly divided into 2 groups: the intervention group (patients received psychological interventions that were administered by a psychiatrist at the first visit before surgery and from then on) and the control group (patients received routine TKA care without psychological interventions). The primary outcome was patient satisfaction at 6 months postoperatively. The secondary outcomes were patient satisfaction at 2 years postoperatively as well as the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) scores, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scores, and range of motion at 6 months and 2 years postoperatively. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients with depression were identified. Fifty-one patients were enrolled in the randomized controlled trial. Two patients were lost to follow-up at 6 months after surgery. Therefore, 49 patients (25 in the intervention group and 24 in the control group) remained in the final analysis. At 6 months postoperatively, statistical differences in patient satisfaction were identified between the 2 groups (88.0% in the intervention group compared with 62.5% in the control group; odds ratio = 4.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.02 to 18.99). There was a significant improvement in the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) score (the reduction rate was 51.97% in the intervention group compared with 17.35% in the control group) and the Symptom Checklist 90 Revised (SCL-90-R) subscore for depression (the reduction rate was 44.66% in the intervention group compared with 15.73% in the control group). The clinical outcomes, including the WOMAC scores, the HSS scores, and maximal range of motion, in the intervention group had improved significantly more compared with those in the. CONCLUSIONS: Psychological interventions during the perioperative period can improve patient satisfaction in patients with depression who undergo TKA. Therefore, psychological intervention and management may be beneficial for patients with depression who are planning to undergo TKA. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

18.
Andrology ; 2020 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) was found to exist in semen and male germ cells of patients with chronic HBV infection. Our previous studies demonstrated that HBV surface protein (HBs) could induce sperm dysfunction by activating a calcium signaling cascade and triggering caspase-dependent apoptosis. However, the relationship between sperm dysfunction caused by HBs and caspase-independent apoptosis has not been investigated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of HBs exposure on sperm dysfunction by activating caspase-independent apoptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Spermatozoa were exposed to HBs at concentrations of 0, 25, 50, and 100 µg/mL for 3 h. Flow cytometry, qRT-PCR, immunofluorescence assay, ELISA, and zona-free hamster oocyte penetration assays were performed. RESULTS: With increasing concentrations of HBs, various parameters of the spermatozoa changed. The number of Bcl2-positive cells declined and that of both Bax-positive cells and Apaf-1-positive cells increased. The transcription level of Bcl2 increased and that of both Bax and Apaf-1 declined. The average levels of AIF and Endo G declined in mitochondria and increased in the cytoplasm and nucleus. The sperm DNA fragmentation index increased. The mean percentages of live spermatozoa declined and that of both injured and dead spermatozoa increased; and the sperm penetration rate declined. For the aforementioned parameters, the differences between the test and the control groups were statistically significant. CONCLUSION: HBs exposure can activate the Bax/Bcl2 signaling cascade that triggers AIF/Endo G-mediated apoptosis, resulting in sperm DNA fragmentation, sperm injury, and death, and a decrease in the sperm fertilizing capacity. This new knowledge will help to evaluate the negative impact of HBV on male fertility in HBV-infected patients.

19.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 43(10): 598-606, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET2-7606

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important regulatory roles in the tumorigenesis and progression of gastric cancer (GC). The aim of this study was to construct the prognostic predictive model of lncRNAs signature and improve the survival prediction of GC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression profiling of lncRNAs in large GC cohorts was performed from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases using the lncRNAs-mining approach, including training data set (N=160) and testing data set (N=159). A 13-lncRNAs signature significantly associated with overall survival (OS) in the training data set was selected. The prognostic value of this 13-lncRNAs signature was then confirmed in the test validation set and the entire validation set, respectively. RESULTS: Based on lncRNA expression profiling of 319 patients with stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD), prognostic 13-lncRNAs signature was found to be significantly associated with the prognosis of GC. Compared to patients with low-risk scores, patients with high-risk scores had a significantly shorter survival time. Moreover, functional enrichment analysis indicated that this 13-lncRNAs signature was potentially involved in multiple biological processes, such as DNA replication and cell cycle signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: The prognostic model of the 13-lncRNAs signature established by our study could improve the survival prediction of GC to a greater extent


OBJETIVO: Las pruebas acumuladas demostraron que los ARN no codificantes de larga duración (ARNlC) desempeñaban los importantes papeles reguladores en la tumorigénesis y la progresión del cáncer gástrico (CG). El objetivo de este estudio fue construir el modelo predictivo de pronóstico de la firma de los lncRNA y mejorar la predicción de supervivencia del GC. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: El perfil de expresión de los lncARN en grandes cohortes de GC se realizó a partir de las bases de datos del Atlas del Genoma del Cáncer (TCGA) utilizando el enfoque de minería de lncARN, incluyendo el conjunto de datos de entrenamiento (N=160) y el conjunto de datos de pruebas (N=159). Se eligió la firma de 13 lncARN significativamente asociada con la supervivencia general (OS) en la serie de capacitación. El valor pronóstico de esta firma de 13-lncARN se confirmó luego en la serie de validación de pruebas y en toda la serie de validación, respectivamente. RESULTADOS: Basado en el perfil de expresión de lncRNA de 319 pacientes con adenocarcinoma de estómago (STAD), se encontró que la firma de 13-lncRNA de pronóstico estaba significativamente asociada con el pronóstico de GC. En comparación con los pacientes con puntuaciones de bajo riesgo, los pacientes con puntuaciones de alto riesgo tuvieron un tiempo de supervivencia significativamente más corto. Además, el análisis de enriquecimiento funcional indicó que esta firma de 13-lncARN estaba potencialmente involucrada en múltiples procesos biológicos, como la replicación del ADN y la vía de señalización del ciclo celular. CONCLUSIONES: El modelo de pronóstico de la firma de 13-lncARN establecido por nuestro estudio podría mejorar mejor la predicción de supervivencia del GC


Assuntos
Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/análise , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Progressão da Doença
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170788

RESUMO

As the first diagnostic imaging modality of avascu-lar necrosis of the femoral head (AVNFH), accurately staging AVNFH from a plain radiograph is critical yet challenging for orthopedists. Thus, we propose a deep learning-based AVNFH diagnosis system (AVN-net). The proposed AVN-net reads plain radiographs of the pelvis, conducts diagnosis, and visualizes results automatically. Deep convolutional neural networks are trained to provide an end-to-end diagnosis solution, covering tasks of femoral head detection, exam-view identification, side classification, AVNFH diagnosis, and key clinical notes generation. AVN-net is able to obtain state-of-the-art testing AUC of 0.97 (95% CI: 0.97 0.98) in AVNFH detection and significantly greater F1 scores than less-to-moderately experienced orthope-dists in all diagnostic tests (p<0.01). Furthermore, two real-world pilot studies were conducted for diagnosis support and education assistance, respectively, to assess the utility of AVN-net. The experimental results are promising. With the AVN-net diagnosis as a reference, the diagnostic accuracy and consistency of all orthopedists considerably improved while requiring only 1/4 of the time. Students self-studying the AVNFH diagnosis using AVN-net can learn better and faster than the control group. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first research on the prospective use of a deep learning-based diagnosis system for AVNFH by conducting two pilot studies representing real-world application scenarios. We have demonstrated that the proposed AVN-net achieves expert-level AVNFH diagnosis performance, provides efficient support in clinical decision-making, and effectively passes clinical experience to students.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...