Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 589
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(10): 807-811, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619904

RESUMO

Digital medicine has played a vital role in promoting the development of hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery of China.The multidisciplinary integration of medical science and technology innovates research and development,and practice in clinical diagnosis and treatment.Digital medicine has enabled within 20 years,development from digital virtual human,three-dimensional visualization,molecular fluorescence imaging to artificial intelligence.There are four important stages of the development in China's digital medical technology:digital medicine 1.0 (2002 to 2004,digital virtual human) on digital human anatomy, digital medicine 2.0(2004 to 2014,three-dimensional(3D) visualization and 3D printing) on 3D diagnosis and treatment of complex hepatobiliary and pancreatic diseases, digital medicine 3.0(2014 to 2019,molecular fluorescence imaging) on precision navigation of tumor boundaries and micro tumors using indocyanine green molecular imaging, and digital medicine 4.0(2019 to present,digital artificial intelligence) on augmented reality-based and mixed reality-based 3D abdominal navigation hepatectomy and photoacoustic imaging of tumors.Over the past 20 years' course of development,Chinese researchers have made countless and remarkable achievements in digital medicine through continuous efforts and innovation. In the future,cutting-edge technologies such as artificial intelligence on deep machine learning,multi-mode image real-time fusion navigation surgery,photoacoustic imaging and targeted molecular probe technology will promote the development of digital medicine 4.0 in a coordinated manner,leading to the advent of digital medicine 5.0.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Imageamento Tridimensional , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tecnologia
2.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 857-865, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496533

RESUMO

Objective: To study prospectively the caries characteristics of the children who suffered severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and received dental caries treatment under general anesthesia and to explore the related risk factors of caries recurrence after treatment. Methods: During December 2012 to August 2014, eighty-three children aged 2-4 years with S-ECC who underwent one caries treatment session under general anesthesia in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology participated in this study. Data of demographics, clinical characteristics, dietary and oral hygiene habits of the participants were collected before the treatment and 1-, 7- and 13-months after the treatment. All data were then analyzed to find out whether the factors were related to caries relapse. Results: Among the 70 children who completed 7-13 months follow-up, twenty-nine children (41%) remained caries-free and 41 children (59%) had a few caries recurrence during the observation period. All the teeth suffered different variation of caries recurrence except mandibular deciduous incisors. As for the types of caries recurrence after caries treatment under general anesthesia, the maxillary deciduous incisors usually showed secondary caries (new caries/secondary caries numbers were 1/12), the canines and first deciduous molars occurred both secondary and new caries (new caries/secondary caries numbers in canines were 12/6, in first deciduous molars were 16/12) and the second deciduous molars usually presented new caries (new caries/secondary caries numbers were 19/5). After treatment, the prone tooth surfaces of caries recurrence from high to low were: adjacent surfaces of deciduous molars (37 surfaces), occlusal surface of deciduous molars (28 surfaces), adjacent surfaces of deciduous canines (13 surfaces), buccal and lingual surfaces of deciduous molars (12 surfaces), labial and lingual surfaces of deciduous incisors (10 surfaces), labial and lingual surfaces of deciduous canines (8 surfaces) and adjacent surfaces of deciduous incisors (5 surfaces). There were no significant differences in the children's demographics and clinical characteristics between relapse and non-relapse groups (P>0.05). Patients in the relapse group had higher sugar intake frequencies than those in the non-relapse group at both 7- and 13-month follow-ups (P<0.05). Conclusions: Children of 2-4 years old with S-ECC have a high risk of caries recurrence after caries treatment under general anesthesia and need to recieve regular oral examination. During the follow-ups, the prevention and treatment of new and secondary caries of deciduous molars and secondary caries of deciduous incisors should be focused on. High frequency of sugar intake is an important risk factor of recurrent caries for children with S-ECC after caries treatment.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Anestesia Geral , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Prospectivos , Dente Decíduo
3.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510318

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive molecule which participates in many physical and pathological processes. Although LPA receptor 6 (LPAR6), the last identified LPA receptor, has been reported to have diverse effects in multiple cancers, including breast cancer, its effects and functioning mechanisms are not fully known. METHODS: Multiple public databases were used to investigate the mRNA expression of LPAR6, its prognostic value, and potential mechanisms in breast cancer. Western blotting was performed to validate the differential expression of LPAR6 in breast cancer tissues and their adjacent tissues. Furthermore, in vitro experiments were used to explore the effects of LPAR6 on breast cancer. Additionally, TargetScan and miRWalk were used to identify potential upstream regulating miRNAs and validated the relationship between miR-27a-3p and LPAR6 via real-time polymerase chain reaction and an in vitro rescue assay. RESULTS: LPAR6 was significantly downregulated in breast cancer at transcriptional and translational levels. Decreased LPAR6 expression in breast cancer is significantly correlated with poor overall survival, disease-free survival, and distal metastasis-free survival, particularly for hormone receptor-positive patients, regardless of lymph node metastatic status. In vitro gain and loss-of-function assays indicated that LPAR6 attenuated breast cancer cell proliferation. The analyses of TCGA and METABRIC datasets revealed that LPAR6 may regulate the cell cycle signal pathway. Furthermore, the expression of LPAR6 could be positively regulated by miR-27a-3p. The knockdown of miR-27a-3p increased cell proliferation, and ectopic expression of LPAR6 could partly rescue this phenotype. CONCLUSION: LPAR6 acts as a tumor suppressor in breast cancer and is positively regulated by miR-27a-3p.

4.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410024

RESUMO

RNA interference is an important technology for gene functional research in many organisms. The pond wolf spider (Pardosa pseudoannulata) is an important natural enemy of rice field pests. To facilitate large-scale gene functional research in this spider species and others, we developed an RNA interference (RNAi) method via ingestion of bacteria expressing dsRNA. The dsRNA targeting a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (cyp41g2) was expressed in Escherichia coli HT115 (DE3). And then the bacterial suspension was fed to 14-20 days old spiderlings. The mRNA abundance of the target gene was significantly reduced after 3-day's ingestion of bacteria expressing dsRNA, and between day 5 and 7, RNAi efficiency remained stable. Thus, we selected 5 days as the optimum interference time. Furthermore, the bacteria resuspension containing 20 ng/µl dsRNA was selected as the optimum concentration. To evaluate the applicability of this method, three other genes with different tissue expression pattern were also selected as targets. And the mRNA abundance of all the four target genes was significantly reduced with RNAi efficiency between 66.0% and up to 86.9%. The results demonstrated that the oral delivery of bacteria expressing dsRNA would be an effective RNAi method for the gene functional study in P. pseudoannulata.

5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(7): 879-883, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304426

RESUMO

Objective: to analyze the distribution characteristics of major enteropathogens in infectious diarrhea cases attending the intestinal outpatient clinic of Beijing Traditional Chinese medicine hospital, Capital Medical University. Methods: From 2016 to 2019, 588 fecal samples of patients with infectious diarrhea in Beijing Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Capital Medical University were collected for microbial isolation, culture, identification and pathogen gene detection. Using VITEK 2 compact full-automatic microbial identification/drug sensitivity analysis system to identify the bacteria isolated from the culture; using serum agglutination test to classify the pure colonies; using multiple fluorescence quantitative PCR amplification technology to detect the gene amplification of the samples. Results: In 2016-2019, the total physical examination rate of pathogen was 39.796%. The top three pathogen were diarrhea Escherichia coli (21.769%, n=128), Salmonella (5.782%, n=34), Vibrio (4.762%, n=28). The difference of positive rates of different pathogens in four years was statistically significant (P=0.021), and the peak of incidence was from July to September. The positive rate of norovirus was 5.612% (n=33), and the highest incidence occurred in May. Conclusion: The pathogen of infectious diarrhea patients in Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Capital Medical University from April to October 2016-2019 is mainly diarrhea Escherichia coli, and the pathogen type of norovirus is GⅡ genome.


Assuntos
Disenteria , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Universidades
6.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 489-494, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102823

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the predictive value of lactate concentration within 1 h after admission combined with lactate clearance rate (LC) at 6 h after fluid resuscitation in prognosis of neonatal septic shock. Methods: In this retrospective study, 58 newborns with septic shock admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Xi'an Children's Hospital,Xi'an Jiao Tong University from June 2016 to March 2020 were enrolled. According to the mortality within 60 days after admission,which was also set as the end point, the patients were divided into death group and survival group. The general demographic data and clinical variables including blood cell counts, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, D-dimer, serum creatinine, and lactate concentration within 1 h after admission (Lac1) and at 6 h after fluid resuscitation (Lac2) were collected. The differences in the clinical variables between the survival and death group were compared by independent sample t test or Rank-Sum test, and the risk factors of poor prognosis were analyzed by binary Logistic regression. The predictive values of these risk factors were tested by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Furthermore, the cut-off of the risk factors were used to analyze the accumulative survival rate by Kaplan-Meier curve. Results: A total of 58 neonates were enrolled, among whom 24 survived and 34 died within 60 days after admission. The rate of premature rupture of membranes in the death group was higher than that in the survival group (41% (14/34) vs.13%(3/24), P=0.021). There were also significant differences in infection site, pathogenic characteristics, total fluid volume of resuscitation, vasoactive drug index, rate and complications of mechanical ventilation between the two groups (all P<0.05). The levels of Lac1, Lac2, procalcitonin, D-dimer and serum creatinine in the death group were higher than those in the survival group ((12±6) vs. (7±4) mmol/L, (14±6) vs. (4±2) mmol/L, (59±23) vs.(24±14) ng/L, (24±11) vs.(11±6) mg/L, (167±31) vs.(92±23) µmol/L, t=3.549, 3.112, 3.859, 4.499, 3.288, all P<0.05). While the blood pressure and LC at 6 h after fluid resuscitation were lower than those in the survival group ((41±12) vs. (52±5) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), t =4.230;-16 (-40, 20) % vs. 40 (18, 70) %, Z= 3.558, all P<0.05). Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that LC was negatively associated with the risk of death in neonates with septic shock (odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.679 (0.662-0.999), P<0.05), while Lac1 was the risk factor and positively associated with the risk of death (OR and 95% CI: 1.203 (0.965-1.500), P<0.05). Furthermore, the predictive values of LC, Lac1 and the combination of these two variables in the prognosis of neonatal septic shock were analyzed by ROC curve analysis, and the area under the curve (AUC) were 0.699, 0.875, 0.965, respectively, with the sensitivity of 83.32%, 89.65% and 94.31%, and the specificity of 72.52%, 77.18% and 88.76%, respectively. According to the cut-off value of Lac1, the newborns with Lac1>4 mmol/L had significantly lower accumulative survival rate than those with Lac1≤4 mmol/L by Kaplan-Meier analysis (21% (8/38) vs. 80% (16/20), χ²=54.520, P<0.05). According to the cut-off value of LC, the newborns with LC ≤ 10% had significantly lower accumulative survival rate than those with LC>10% by Kaplan-Meier analysis (19% (6/32) vs. 69% (18/26), χ²=14.140, P<0.05). Conclusion: The combination of lactate concentration and lactate clearance rate have an optimal predictive value in the prognosis of neonatal septic shock.


Assuntos
Choque Séptico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Ácido Láctico , Pró-Calcitonina , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(6): 601-609, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126728

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical value of quantitatively assessment of left ventricular strain in patients with coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR)-feature tracking (CMR-FT) technique. Methods: In this retrospective and observation study, patients with single CTO, who underwent CMR examination in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from November 2014 to January 2019, were selected as case group (CTO group), and those without cardiovascular diseases defined by echocardiography, electrocardiogram (ECG) and clinical history and with normal CMR results were selected as healthy control group (control group). General clinical data including age, gender, discharge diagnosis, and the examination results of echocardiography and ECG were obtained from the electronic medical record system. Two-dimensional CMR-FT was applied to measure left ventricle (LV) global peak radial, circumferential, and longitudinal strains (GPRS, GPCS and GPLS, respectively), and the regional myocardial strain in the target vessel area of CTO was analyzed. Grayscale thresholds of 5 standard deviations (SDs) were used to quantify late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Patients with CTOs were divided into infract size>10% group and infarct size≤10% group, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)≥50% group and LVEF<50% group, respectively. The differences between various groups were compared. Results: There were 52 patients in CTO group (34 males, age (54.1±11.7) years, body mass index (BMI) (26.2±2.5)kg/m2) and 30 patients in control group (14 males, age(51.6±12.3)years, BMI (25.6±3.3)kg/m2). There was no significant difference in age, gender, and BMI between the two groups (all P>0.05). LVEF, GPRS, GPCS and GPLS were significantly lower in CTO group than in control group (all P<0.05), left ventricular volume (LVEDV) was similar between the two groups (P>0.05). Among the patients with CTO, there were 26 patients with infarct size>10% and 26 patients with infarct size≤10%. GPRS, GPCS and GPLS were significantly lower (all P<0.05), while LVEF and LVEDV were similar in CTO patients with infarct size≤10% as compared to control group (both P>0.05). LVEF, GPRS, GPCS and GPLS were significantly lower (all P<0.05), while LVEDV was similar in CTO patients with infarct size>10% (P>0.05) as compared to control group. GPRS and GPCS were significantly lower (both P<0.05), while LVEF, LVEDV and GPLS were similar in CTO patients with infarct size>10% as compared to infarct size≤10% group. There were 40 subjects in LVEF≥50% group and 12 subjects in LVEF<50% group. Compared with the control group, GPCS and GPLS of CTO patients were significantly lower in LVEF≥50% group and LVEF<50% group (all P<0.01), LVEF and LVEDV was similar in CTO patients with LVEF≥50% (both P>0.05), but LVEF was lower and LVEDV was larger in LVEF<50% group (both P<0.05). The GPRS, GPCS, GPLS and LVEF of CTO patients in LVEF ≥ 50% group were higher than those in LVEF<50% group (all P<0.0l), and the myocardial infarction size was smaller than that in LVEF reduced group (P<0.0l), but there was no significant difference in LVEDV between the two groups (P=0.07). In the CTO group, there were 21 patients with left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusion and 126 segments supplied by the target vessels. The peak radial strain (PRS), circumferential strain (PCS) and longitudinal strain (PLS) in the blood supply area were lower than those in the control group (all P<0 01). In 7 patients with left circumflex artery (LCX) occlusion, the number of myocardial segments supplied by the target vessels was 35, and the PRS, PCS and PLS in the target vessel supply area were lower than those in the control group (all P<0 05). In 24 patients with right coronary artery (RCA) occlusion, the number of myocardial segments supplied by the target vessels was 120, and the PRS, PCS and PLS in the target vessel supply area were lower than those in the control group (all P<0.01). Among the 126 segments in 21 patients with LAD CTO, 91 (72.2%) segments had infarct size≤25%, 17 (13.5%) segments had infarct size between 26%-50%, 11 segments (8.7%) had infarct size between 51%-75%, and 7 (5.6%) segments had infarct size between 76%-100%. Among the 35 segments in 7 patients with LCX CTO, 31 (88.6%) segments had infarct size≤25%, and 4 (11.4%) segments had infarct size between 26%-75%. Among the 120 segments in 24 patients with RCA CTO, 96 (80.0%) segments had infarct size≤25%, 11 (9.2%) segments had infarct size between 26%-50%, 8 (6.7%) segments had infarct size between 51%-75%, and 5 segments (4.2%) had infarct size between 76%-100%. Conclusions: In this study with single CTO, although the LVEF is preserved in the majority of the patients, the left ventricular global and regional strain values are significantly decreased. The larger the infarct size, the greater the impact on radial and circumferential motion, reflecting the early impairment of left ventricular function in these patients.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Adulto , Idoso , Meios de Contraste , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Gadolínio , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(5): 698-702, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034414

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to explore the smoking-related behaviors of people ≥60 years of age with respiratory diseases in Shangqiu area. A total of 550 patients with respiratory diseases ≥60 years old who were treated at the First People's Hospital of Shangqiu from April 2015 to April 2017 were selected as the survey subjects through random sampling. Among them, there were 351 males and 199 females; the age ranged from 60 to 86 (72.85±5.71) years old. Follow-up until April 2020, and the follow-up was 3 years or more and related information and death information were also collected. The multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to analyze the influence of smoking behavior in the survey subjects on the death risk of people with respiratory diseases ≥ 60 years old. A total of 550 cases were included in the survey, and 25 cases were lost to follow-up. The effective number was 525, and the survey effective rate was 95.45%. Among the 525 patients, 336 (64.00%) were males and 189 (36.00%) were females. The age ranged from 60 to 86 (72.69±5.64) years old. The education level was mainly high school and technical secondary school, accounting for 39.24% of the total population. The primary diseases included tracheitis/bronchitis, asthma, pneumonia, COPD and lung cancer. Among 525 patients with respiratory diseases ≥60 years old, non-smokers accounted for 11.05% (58/525), smokers accounted for 68.00% (357/525), and quitters accounted for 20.95% (110/525). The duration of smoking was more than 20 years, accounting for 33.33% (175/525). The smoking intensity was mainly moderate, accounting for 33.90% (178/525). The duration of smoking cessation was mainly<5 years, accounting for 8.76% (46/525). Follow-up until April 2020, the mortality rate of 525 patients with respiratory diseases ≥60 years old was 14.10% (74/525). Cox regression analysis showed that smoking duration, smoking intensity, cumulative smoking amount, and duration of smoking cessation were the influencing factors of death in patients with respiratory diseases ≥60 years old in Shangqiu area (P<0.05). It can be seen that smoking duration, smoking intensity, cumulative smoking amount, and smoking cessation duration may be independent risk factors for death in patients with respiratory diseases ≥ 60 years old in Shangqiu area, and may increase the relative risk of death.


Assuntos
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Fumar , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Neurochem Res ; 46(9): 2238-2248, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34036518

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that testosterone attenuates stress-induced mood dysfunction and memory deterioration. However, the exact mechanism is still unknown. This study was conducted to investigate the role of long-term testosterone undecanoate on the behavioral responses in AD induced by AlCl3 + D-galactose administration and the possible alteration of the gene expression level of the Na/K ATPase pump. Adult male mice received AlCl3 in drinking water (10 mg/kg/day) and (D-gal 200 mg/kg/day), subcutaneously for 90 consecutive days, then received a single intramuscular (I.M) injection of castor oil (vehicle) on day 91, while treated groups received a single I.M injection of either low (100 mg/kg/45 days) or high dose (500 mg/kg/45 days) respectively of long-acting testosterone undecanoate on day 91. The time spent in the interaction zone during the open field test, preference index to novel objects in the novel object recognition test, spontaneous alternation percentage (SAP) in Y-maze test, and escape latency time in the Morris water maze test were used to measure the locomotor activity, long-term memory, and spatial memory in mice, respectively. The results showed that testosterone undecanoate treatment improved locomotor activity, improved preference to novel objects, improved spatial memory, and reversed anxiety and depression induced by AlCl3 + D-galactose administration in male mice, suggesting the enhancement of behavioral and memory functions brought by testosterone treatment. Moreover, testosterone undecanoate treatment did alter gene expression levels of Na/K ATPase isoforms in the brain hippocampus. In most cases, altered gene expression was significant and correlated with the observed behavioral changes. Taken together, our findings provide new insight into the effects of long-acting testosterone undecanoate administration on locomotor activity, long-term memory, anxiety, and spatial memory in male mice with Alzheimer's disease.

10.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(4): 357-382, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902200

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the commonest malignant tumor among Chinese females, ranking first in terms of incidence of female cancers. Commissioned by the Disease Prevention and Control Bureau of National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China, the National Cancer Center formulated the Guideline for Screening and Early Diagnosis and Treatment of Female Breast Cancer in China according to WHO Handbook for Guideline Development. The methods on Cochrane China were referred to for the formulation of the system evaluation procedures. The GRADE methods for assessment, formulation and evaluation were adopted for the classification of evidence quality and recommendation strength, and the items were reported according to Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in Healthcare. Based on the results of evaluation, the guideline gives evidence-based recommendations for the appropriate population and technical procedures for breast cancer screening and early diagnosis and treatment after comprehensive consideration of China's national conditions, the advantages and disadvantages of the evidence, the quality of the evidence, the economic cost of screening, the feedback of multidisciplinary clinical research respondents, and in-person expert consensus. It is aimed at regulating the practices of female breast cancer screening and early diagnosis and treatment and enhancing the effectiveness of the prevention and control of female breast cancer in China.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Pequim , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento
11.
Neurochirurgie ; 67(5): 433-438, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915151

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of dendritic cell vaccine to treat glioblastoma remained elusive and therefore we conducted a meta-analysis to explore the influence of dendritic cell vaccine on treatment efficacy of glioblastoma. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO and Cochrane library databases have been searched through October 2020, and we included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy of dendritic cell vaccine for glioblastoma. RESULTS: Four RCTs and 267 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Compared to control group for glioblastoma, dendritic cell vaccine demonstrated no obvious impact on overall survival (HR=0.59; 95% CI=0.34 to 1.04; P=0.07), progression-free survival (PFS, HR=0.72; 95% CI=0.52 to 1.00; P=0.05), nervous system disorders (OR=0.61; 95% CI=0.29 to 1.29; P=0.20), or adverse events (OR=1.44; 95% CI=0.82 to 2.50; P=0.20). CONCLUSIONS: Dendritic cell vaccine may be not effective to treat glioblastoma.

12.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(4): 355-361, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832037

RESUMO

Objective: To determine whether amoxicillin had an effect on the enamel mineralization of SD rats. Methods: Eighteen SD rats were randomly divided into three groups. The rats in the control group were given distilled water. The rats in two experimental groups were administered 50 or 100 mg/kg amoxicillin by intragastric administration from day 3 to day 17 after birth. The general condition, the structure of liver and kidney, the enamel surface changes of mandibular first molars and incisors were observed. The changes of Ca/P ratio on enamel surface were analyzed by X-ray energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). The surface morphology after phosphoric acid treatment was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Histological changes in the ameloblasts of mandibular incisors were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Results: Compared with the control group, the general conditions as well as liver and kidney structures of SD rats in 50 and 100 mg amoxicillin groups had no significant differences. There was no obvious chalky changes on the first mandibular molars of SD rats in each group. All the incisors in 50 and 100 mg groups showed different degrees of chalkiness in the labial incisal 1/3 enamel. X-ray EDS analysis showed that the Ca/P ratios of occlusal and incisal 1/3 enamel in 50 and 100 mg groups (occlusal 1/3 of mandibular first molars: 1.51±0.03 and 1.52±0.02, incisal 1/3 of mandibular incisors: 1.46±0.01 and 1.43±0.01) was significantly lower than that in the control group (occlusal 1/3 of mandibular first molars: 1.67±0.41, incisal1/3 of mandibular incisors: 1.73±0.07) (P<0.05). However, there was no significant differences in the cervical 1/3 Ca/P ratio of mandibular first molars and incisors among the three groups (mandibular first molars: 1.56±0.04 for control group, 1.59±0.05 for 50 mg group and 1.57±0.04 for 100 mg group; incisors: 1.52±0.02 for control group, 1.47±0.01 for 50 mg group and 1.51±0.03 for 100 mg group) (P>0.05). SEM observation showed that the enamel rods of the first molars and incisors in the 50 and 100 mg group varied in size and arranged disorderly. The spaces between the enamel rods were larger than that in the control group and some areas even appeared large pits. HE staining showed that the gaps between ameloblasts in 50 and 100 mg groups were significantly wider than that in the control group. Conclusions: Intake of amoxicillin during the period of enamel development of SD rats might affect enamel mineralization.


Assuntos
Amelogênese , Amoxicilina , Animais , Esmalte Dentário , Incisivo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(7)2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33916439

RESUMO

In this paper, we explore the performance of the distance-weighting probabilistic data association (DWPDA) approach in conjunction with the loopy sum-product algorithm (LSPA) for tracking multiple objects in clutter. First, we discuss the problem of data association (DA), which is to infer the correspondence between targets and measurements. DA plays an important role when tracking multiple targets using measurements of uncertain origin. Second, we describe three methods of data association: probabilistic data association (PDA), joint probabilistic data association (JPDA), and LSPA. We then apply these three DA methods for tracking multiple crossing targets in cluttered environments, e.g., radar detection with false alarms and missed detections. We are interested in two performance metrics: tracking accuracy and computation time. LSPA is known to be superior to PDA in terms of the former and to dominate JPDA in terms of the latter. Last, we consider an additional DA method that is a modification of PDA by incorporating a weighting scheme based on distances between position estimates and measurements. This distance-weighting approach, when combined with PDA, has been shown to enhance the tracking accuracy of PDA without significant change in the computation burden. Since PDA constitutes a crucial building block of LSPA, we hypothesize that DWPDA, when integrated with LSPA, would perform better under the two performance metrics above. Contrary to expectations, the distance-weighting approach does not enhance the performance of LSPA, whether in terms of tracking accuracy or computation time.

14.
Int Endod J ; 54(8): 1328-1341, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33715185

RESUMO

AIM: To profile molecular changes in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced experimental pulpitis in a rat model and explore the feasibility of a molecular-based diagnostic strategy for pulpitis. METHODOLOGY: Seventy-three maxillary incisors of Sprague-Dawley rats were used to establish pulpitis models with LPS. Inflammatory grading was performed in four equal sections of the pulp divided from the injured site to the root apex. An antibody array was used to compare the expression of 67 molecules between control pulp and inflamed pulp 12 and 72 h after LPS application. The levels of differentially expressed molecules in the control and inflamed pulp (collected at 3, 6, 9, 12, 24 and 72 h after LPS treatment) were examined via ELISA, and correlations between inflammatory scores and molecule expression were assessed. The molecule distributions in the pulp were investigated by immunofluorescence staining. Data were analysed with paired t-test, one-way anova, Kruskal-Wallis tests, and Spearman's and Pearson's correlations with significance set at P < 0.05. RESULTS: Polymorphonuclear neutrophils were observed in the injured site 3 h after LPS stimulation. Inflammatory infiltration peaked at 12 h and was limited to the injured site with osteodentine deposition at 72 h. Thirteen molecules were significantly differentially expressed between the control and LPS-injured pulp. ELISA validated that tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) expression dramatically peaked at 12 h (compared with other time points, P < 0.05) and returned to baseline at 72 h. The TIMP-1 concentration was strongly correlated with inflammation severity in the apical three-quarters of the pulp, and the strongest correlation was found in the lower-middle quarter (r = 0.786, P < 0.001). Immunofluorescence staining revealed that in the apical three-quarters of the pulp, TIMP-1 expression was significantly higher in the 12 h group than in the control and 3, 6, 24 and 72 h groups (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: This study provides a molecular profile of LPS-induced pulpitis in a rat model. TIMP-1 had a strong positive correlation with the severity of dental pulp inflammation, verifying the feasibility of applying biomarkers to identify specific pathological conditions in pulpitis.


Assuntos
Pulpite , Animais , Biomarcadores , Polpa Dentária , Mediadores da Inflamação , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1
16.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(3): 243-268, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752304

RESUMO

In China, the malignant tumor with the highest incidence and motality is lung cancer (LC). As screening and early detection and treatment are effective in reducing LC mortality, formulating a guideline in line with China's national conditions for the screening and early detection and treatment of LC will greatly promote the homogeneity and accuracy of LC screening, and result in an improvement of the effectiveness of LC screening. Commissioned and directed by the Disease Prevention and Control Bureau of the National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China, the guidline was initiated by the National Cancer Center of China and formulated with joint effort by experts from different disciplines. Following the principles and methods in WHO Handbook for Guideline Development, the guidline integrates the latest development in LC screening and early diagnosis and treatment worldwide while fully considering China's national conditions and practical experience in LC screening. It provides detailed evidence-based recommendations for different aspects of LC screening, such as the targeted population, the technologies and the procedures, to regulate the practices of LC screening and early diagnosis and treatment and enhance the effectiveness of the prevention and control of LC in China.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pequim , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento
17.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 204(3): 396-410, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608866

RESUMO

Down-regulated miR-223-3p was found in rheumatoid arthritis. This study aimed to further explore the level and role of miR-223-3p in gout arthritis (GA). After monosodium urate (MSU)-induced GA rat and fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) models were established, the rat paw volume and gait score were documented and the FLSs were transfected with miR-223-3p mimic/inhibitor or NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) over-expression plasmids. The MiR-223-3p target was found through bioinformatics and the dual-luciferase reporter. The rat joint pathological damage was observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. The levels of interleukin (IL)-1ß, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and articular elastase in rats were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The viability and pyroptosis of FLSs were detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) and flow cytometry. The expressions of miR-223-3p, NLRP3, cleaved caspase-1, IL-1ß, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (AS) and cleaved N-terminal gasdermin D (GSDMD) in FLSs or rat synovial tissues were detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), immunofluorescence, Western blot or immunohistochemistry analysis. MSU increased the paw volume, gait score, inflammation in synovial tissues and increased the levels of IL-1ß, TNF-α and articular elastase in rats. MSU decreased the viability and increased the pyroptosis of FLSs, up-regulated the expression of NLRP3, ASC, cleaved caspase-1, cleaved N-terminal GSDM, and IL-1ß, and down-regulated miR-223-3p expression in synovial tissues of rat joints and FLSs. MiR-223-3p mimic reversed the effect of MSU on lowering cell viability, increasing pyroptosis in FLSs, while miR-223-3p inhibitor further enhanced the effect of MSU on FLSs. NLRP3 was a target of miR-223-3p. Also, NLRP3 over-expression reversed the effects of miR-223-3p on MSU-induced FLSs. MiR-223-3p inhibited pyroptosis in MSU-induced rats and FLSs by targeting NLRP3.

18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 219-226, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626607

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the quality of the published breast cancer screening guidelines to provide a reference for domestic studies in the future. Methods: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SinoMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP, and Wanfang Data were searched to identify breast cancer screening guidelines on until August 2020. Two reviewers screened literature and extracted data independently. The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation Ⅱ(AGREEⅡ) and Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in Healthcare(RIGHT) tools were used to evaluate the quality of the included guidelines. Results: A total of 15 breast cancer screening guidelines were included, of which seven were published in the United States, with publication years focusing on 2015 to 2019, and 11 guidelines had updated versions. "Rigour of development" (47.0%±22.1%) and "Applicability" (44.0%±15.1%) of AGREEⅡ scored lower than other domains. "Review and quality assurance" (46.7%±39.9%) and "Funding, declaration, and management of interests" (41.7%±24.4%) of RIGHT were reported poorer than others. There were six guidelines recommended and another nine recommended with modifications based on the overall AGREEⅡ score. There were four guidelines with a good level, and another 11 were with a moderate level of RIGHT. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network published the best overall quality guidelines in 2018 (AGREEⅡ: 83.3%, RIGHT: 80.0%) and by the American Cancer Society in 2015 (AGREEⅡ: 83.3%, RIGHT: 85.7%). Conclusion: The quality of breast cancer screening guidelines was predominantly of moderate quality, and greater attention should be paid to the guideline development process and quality control of the guidelines.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Saúde Global , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas
19.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 248-257, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626611

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically evaluate the methodology and reporting quality of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening guidelines/consensus and provide lights for drafting CRC screening guidelines in China. Methods: The literature retrieval for all the Chinese and English guidelines published before September 1st, 2020 was conducted by using Chinese/English databases, such as China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Guideline International Network, and supplement with the official website of multiple regions, such as the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and American Cancer Society. We utilized The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation Ⅱ (AGREE Ⅱ) and Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in Healthcare (RIGHT) approaches to assess the quality of CRC screening guidelines/consensus comprehensively. Results: After quality control, a total of 19 guidelines/consensus released by the United States, China, Australia, Canada, Britain, South Korea, and International organizations are successfully included, and strikingly, most of those belong to the United State(7). The results of the AGREE Ⅱ quality evaluation show that the average scores of scope and purpose (87.5%) and clarity of presentation (89.6%) are high. In contrast, there are deficient in stakeholder involvement (47.0%), the rigor of development (42.3%), applicability (47.5%), and editorial independence (50.2%). Among all the guidelines, there are 12 with an overall score of 50 or more, 13 with a recommendation level of "A", 2 with a rating of "B" and 4 with a rating of "C". Additionally, the RIGHT evaluation revealed that the average report rate in each field is necessary information (76.3%), background (77.0%), evidence (55.8%), recommendations (59.4%), review and quality assurance (26.3%), funding and declaration and management of interests (43.4%), other information (49.1%). Among all the guidelines, six have good reporting quality, whereas the additional 13 have general or weak evidence. Furthermore, subgroup analysis indicates that the quality of guidelines in developed countries is superior to that of China. Conclusion: The number of CRC screening guidelines/consensus is increasing gradually, and the overall quality of those is high, but the normative nature is warranted to be strengthened.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Saúde Global , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Consenso , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...