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1.
Food Chem ; 368: 130768, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392120

RESUMO

Apoptosis plays a critical role in sea cucumber autolysis. To investigate the ultraviolet (UV)-induced apoptosis, sea cucumbers with and without injection of BAPTA-AM (cytosolic calcium chelator) were exposed to UV (15 W/m2) for 30 min. The results showed that UV irradiation caused several changes in sea cucumber coelomocytes, including calcium imbalance, abnormal morphology of endoplasmic reticulum, upregulation of pro-apoptotic proteins CRT, CHOP, and caspases 9 and 3, and downregulation of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. A comparison between the two groups showed that injection of the calcium chelator into sea cucumbers helped maintain coelomocyte intracellular calcium homeostasis and suppressed other abnormal changes caused by ER stress, indicating apoptosis in sea cucumbers is mediated by calcium imbalance and follows the activation of the ER stress pathway. Therefore, this study broadens understanding of the apoptotic mechanism involved in sea cucumber autolysis, which is helpful in developing preservative agents for sea cucumbers.


Assuntos
Pepinos-do-Mar , Stichopus , Animais , Autólise , Cálcio , Homeostase
2.
Metabolism ; 85: 227-239, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29727630

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acylcarnitine metabolism disorder contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). There are, however, few ideal medications for NAFLD, which work by targeting acylcarnitine metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of theacrine, a rare purine alkaloid isolated from Camellia assamica var. kucha, against acylcarnitine metabolism disorder in NAFLD. METHODS: The pharmacological activities of theacrine were studied using high-fat diet (HFD)-fed ApoE-/- and C57BL/6J mice models. Oleate-treated HepG2 and L-02 cells were used to investigate the molecular mechanism of theacrine on acylcarnitine metabolism. The target of theacrine was confirmed in vitro as the blockade of sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) and protein kinase A. RESULTS: Theacrine inhibits hepatic steatosis and liver inflammation and improves energy expenditure in HFD-fed mice. Theacrine ameliorates acylcarnitine metabolism disorder in HFD-fed mice and oleate-treated hepatocytes by improving fatty acid oxidation. The underlying mechanism involves theacrine's activation of the mitochondrial deacetylase SIRT3 and consequently, the increased activity of long-chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase (LCAD) through deacetylation. CONCLUSION: Theacrine promotes acylcarnitine metabolism in NAFLD through the SIRT3/LCAD signaling pathway. The target of theacrine's activities on NAFLD is identified as SIRT3.


Assuntos
Carnitina/análogos & derivados , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Ácido Úrico/análogos & derivados , Animais , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Apolipoproteínas E/metabolismo , Carnitina/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Ácido Oleico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Úrico/farmacologia , Ácido Úrico/uso terapêutico
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