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1.
Food Chem ; 370: 131270, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788951

RESUMO

In this study, combining metabolome and transcriptome, color related attributes and phenolic compositions of Tunisian pomegranate arils from 7 Chinese regions at same developing stage were studied. The total anthocyanin (TAC), flavonoids, and percent polymeric color (PPC) were ranged at 8.93-28.41 mg/100 g arils, 37.55-69.72 mg/100 g arils, and 3.38-21.96%, respectively. In total, 51 phenolic compounds were characterized, most of which were markedly higher in reddish-purple pomegranate arils than those levels in reddish pomegranate arils. In contrast, the accumulation of tannins was significantly higher in reddish pomegranate arils. Among the 49 differentially expressed genes, 8 and 5 genes were matched to ß-glucosidase and peroxidase, respectively. Correlation analysis showed that PPC was negatively correlated with 10 phenolic metabolites and TAC, positively correlated with L*, polymeric color, and 1 gene (|r| > 0.7, p < 0.01). Our results provide new insights for understanding the difference in coloration of pomegranate arils.


Assuntos
Romã (Fruta) , Antocianinas , Antioxidantes , Frutas/genética , Metaboloma , Sementes , Transcriptoma
2.
Food Chem ; 372: 131243, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655831

RESUMO

High pressure processing (HPP) exhibited different effect on polyphenol oxidase (PPO), but the conformational changes was not clear yet. In this study, molecular dynamics simulation combined with spectroscopic experiments were used to explore PPO conformational changes under high pressure at the molecular level. The simulation results showed that high pressure decreased volume and hydrogen bonds, induced changes in active center and movement of loop. Especially, the conformational changes under 200 and above 400 MPa were different. Under 200 MPa, the distance between His 61 and Cu decreased by 0.4 Å, active pocket was exposed, substrate channel became larger. However, the distance increased by 6.1 Å under 600 MPa, active pocket moved inward, substrate channel became narrower. Docking results of 200 and 600 MPa had the highest and lowest binding affinity, whose T-score was 4.657 and 4.130, respectively. These results were consistent with spectroscopic experiments of PPO after HHP.


Assuntos
Catecol Oxidase , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Catecol Oxidase/metabolismo , Manipulação de Alimentos , Temperatura Alta , Pressão
3.
Postepy Dermatol Alergol ; 38(5): 740-745, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34849118

RESUMO

Introduction: The influence of mometasone furoate for paediatric asthma remains controversial. Aim: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the efficacy and safety of mometasone furoate for paediatric asthma. Material and methods: We have searched PubMed, Embase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases through October 2019 for randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of mometasone furoate versus placebo for paediatric asthma. This meta-analysis was performed using the random-effects model. Results: Four RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, as compared to placebo for paediatric asthma, mometasone furoate is associated with substantially increased predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) (mean difference (MD) = 7.53; 95% CI: 7.02-8.04; p < 0.00001), FEV1 (MD = 0.11; 95% CI: 0.10-0.12; p < 0.00001), and morning peak expiratory flow (AM PEF) (MD = 17.70; 95% CI: 9.91-25.49; p < 0.00001), but demonstrates no obvious effect on pharyngitis (RR = 0.96; 95% CI: 0.59-1.58; p = 0.89), upper respiratory tract infections (RR = 0.73; 95% CI: 0.50-1.05; p = 0.09), or adverse events (RR = 1.05; 95% CI: 0.84-1.31; p = 0.69). Conclusions: Mometasone furoate may be effective and safe for paediatric asthma.

4.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 657047, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759816

RESUMO

Background: Cyclophosphamide is a common tumor chemotherapy drug used to treat various cancers. However, the resulting immunosuppression leads to leukopenia, which is a serious limiting factor in clinical application. Therefore, the introduction of immunomodulators as adjuvant therapy may help to reduce the hematological side effects of cyclophosphamide. Lvjiaobuxue granule has been widely used in the clinical treatment of gynecological diseases such as anemia and irregular menstruation. Recently, it has been found to increase the function of white blood cells, but its mechanism of action is still unclear. We aimed to reveal the mechanisms of Lvjiaobuxue granule against acute leukopenia by an integrated strategy combining metabolomics with network pharmacology. Methods: Subcutaneously inoculated 4T1 breast cancer cells to prepare tumor-bearing mice, intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide to establish a 4T1 tumor-bearing mice leukopenia animal model, using pharmacodynamic indicators, metabolomics, network pharmacology and molecular biology and other technical methods. To comprehensively and systematically elucidate the effect and mechanism of Lvjiaobuxue granule in improving cyclophosphamide-induced leukopenia in 4T1 tumor-bearing mice. Results: Lvjiaobuxue granule can improve the blood routine parameters and organ index levels of the leukopenia model of 4T1 tumor-bearing mice. Metabolomics studies revealed that 15 endogenous metabolites in the spleen of mice were considered as potential biomarkers of Lvjiaobuxue granule for their protective effect. Metabonomics and network pharmacology integrated analysis indicated that Lvjiaobuxue granule exerted the leukocyte elevation activity by inhibiting the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) degradation pathway and increasing the levels of valine, leucine and isoleucine. The results of molecular biology also showed that Lvjiaobuxue granule can significantly regulate the key enzymes in the catabolism of BCAAs, which further illustrates the importance of BCAAs in improving leukopenia. Conclusion: Lvjiaobuxue granule exerts obvious pharmacological effects on the leukopenia model of 4T1 tumor-bearing mice induced by cyclophosphamide, which could be mediated by regulating the branched-chain amino acid degradation pathway and the levels of valine, leucine and isoleucine.

5.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 7617839, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745423

RESUMO

Background: Oxidative stress has a vital role in the early stages of vitiligo. Autoantigens released from apoptotic melanocytes (MC) under oxidative stress are involved in the presentation and recognition of antigens. However, the transport of autoantigens to the cell surface and their release to the extracellular environment are still unclear. Apoptotic bodies (ABs) have always been considered as a key source of immunomodulators and autoantigens. Yet, the role of ABs in the immune mechanism of vitiligo is still unknown. Purpose: To explore whether MC's autoantigens translocate into ABs during oxidative stress-induced apoptosis and study the molecular mechanisms underlying autoantigen migration and AB formation. Methods: PIG3V (an immortalized human vitiligo melanocyte cell line) were treated with H2O2, and ABs were separated. Transmission electron microscopy, flow cytometry, Western blot, mass spectrometry, and other methods were used to determine the relocation of specific antigens in PIG3V cells to ABs. After pretreatment with specific inhibitors (Rho kinase (Y-27632), myosin light chain kinase (MLCK, ML-9), pan-caspase (zVAD-FMK), and JNK (SP600125)), the pathway of autoantigen translocation into ABs and the formation of apoptotic bodies were determined. Results: When treated with 0.8 mM H2O2, ABs were released from these cells. Autoantigens such as tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TYRP-1) and cleavage nuclear membrane antigen Lamin A/C (Asp230) were concentrated in ABs. The expression of autoantigens and the formation of ABs increased in a time- and dose-dependent manner after treatment with H2O2, while the application of specific inhibitors inhibited the formation of apoptotic bodies, i.e., the expression of antigens. Conclusion: Vitiligo autoantigens translocate into ABs in the process of apoptosis induced by oxidative stress. The cytoskeletal protein activation pathway and the JNK-related apoptosis pathway are involved in the transport of autoantigens and the formation of ABs. ABs may be the key bridge between MC cell apoptosis and cellular immunity.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811605

RESUMO

Product retention in hollow fibers is a common issue in ATF-based cell culture system. In this study, the effects of four major process factors on product (therapeutic antibody/recombinant protein) retention were investigated using Chinese hamster ovary cell. Hollow fibers made of polysulfone presented a product retention rate from 15% ± 8 to 43% ± 18% higher than those made of polyether sulfone varying with specific processes. Higher harvest flowrate and ATF exchange rate increased product retention by 13% ± 10% and up to 31% ± 13%, respectively. Hollow fibers with larger pore sizes (0.65 µm) appeared to have increased product retention by 38% ± 7% compared with smaller ones (0.2 µm) in this study. Further investigation revealed that the effects of pore size on retention could be correlated to the particle size distribution in the cell culture broth. A hollow fiber with a larger pore size (>0.5 µm) may reduce protein retention when small particles (approximately 0.01-0.2 µm in diameter) are dominant in the culture. However, if majority of the particles are larger than 0.2 µm in diameter, hollow fiber with smaller pore sizes (0.2 µm) could be a solution to reducing product retention. Alternatively, process optimization may modulate particle size distribution towards reduced production retention with selected ATF hollow fibers. This study for the first time highlights the importance of matching proper pore sizes of hollow fibers with the cell culture particles distribution and offers methods to reducing product retention and ATF column clogging in perfusion cell cultures. KEY POINTS: The material of ATF column could impact product retention during perfusion culture. Higher harvest flowrate and ATF exchange rate increased product retention. Matching culture particle size and ATF pore size is critical for retention modulation.

7.
Bioorg Chem ; 116: 105389, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601295

RESUMO

Dried flowers of Inula britannica commercially serve as pharmaceutical/nutraceutical herbs in the manufacture of medicinal products and functional tea that has been reported to possess extensive biological property. However, the neuroprotective constituents in I. britannica flowers are not known. In the current study, phytochemicals of sesquiterpenoid-enriched I. britannica flowers extract and their potential multifunctional neuroprotective effects were investigated. Nineteen structurally diverse sesquiterpenoids, including two new sesquiterpenoid dimers, namely, inubritanolides A and B (1, 2), and four new sesquiterpenoid monomers (3-6), namely, 1-O-acetyl-6-O-chloracetylbritannilactone (3), 6-methoxybritannilactone (4), 1-hydroxy-10ß-methoxy-4αH-1,10-secoeudesma-5(6),11(13)-dien-12,8ß-olide (5) and 1-hydroxy-4αH-1,10-secoeudesma-5(6),10(14),11(13)-trien-12,8ß-olide (6), as well as 13 known congeners (7-19) were isolated from this source. The structures of compounds 1-6 were elucidated by 1D- and 2D- NMR and HR-ESI-MS data, and their absolute configurations were discerned by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Interestingly, inubritannolide A (1) is a new type [4 + 2] Diels-Alder dimer featuring a hepta-membered cycloether skeleton. Most of the compounds showed potential multifunctional neuroprotective effects, including antioxidative, anti-neuroinflammatory, and microglial polarization properties. Specifically, 1 and 6 displayed slight strong neuroprotective potency against different types of neuronal cells mediated by various inducers including H2O2, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Overall, this is the first report on multifunctional neuroprotective effects of sesquiterpenoid-enriched I. britannica flowers extract, which supports its potential pharmaceutical/nutraceutical application in neurodegenerative diseases.

8.
Mov Disord ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicates that the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 exacerbates α-synuclein pathology. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether APOE ε4 contributes to motor progression in early Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Longitudinal data were obtained from 384 patients with PD divided into APOE ε4 carriers (n = 85) and noncarriers (n = 299) in the Parkinson's Progression Marker Initiative. Participants underwent yearly motor assessments over a mean follow-up period of 78.9 months. Repeated measures and linear mixed models were used to test the effects of APOE ε4. RESULTS: The motor progression was significantly more rapid in patients with PD carrying APOE ε4 than in noncarriers (ß = 0.283, P = 0.026, 95% confidence interval: 0.033-0.532). Through subgroup analysis, we found that the effect of APOE ε4 was significant only in patients with high amyloid ß burden (ß = 0.761, P < 0.001, 95% confidence interval: 0.0356-1.167). CONCLUSIONS: APOE ε4 may be associated with rapid motor progression in PD. © 2021 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

9.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 142-146, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672151

RESUMO

Objective: To screen the influencing factors of hypertensive heart disease (HHD), establish the predictive model of HHD, and provide early warning for the occurrence of HHD. Methods: Select the patients diagnosed as hypertensive heart disease or hypertensionfrom January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2019, in the medical data science academy of a medical school. Influencing factors were screened through single factor and multi-factor analysis, and R software was used to construct the logistics model, random forest (RF) model and extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) model. Results: Univariate analysis screened 60 difference indicators, and multifactor analysis screened 18 difference indicators (P<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of Logistics model, RF model and XGBoost model are 0.979, 0.983 and 0.990, respectively. Conclusion: The results of the three HHD prediction models established in this paper are stable, and the XGBoost prediction model has a good diagnostic effect on the occurrence of HHD.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias , Aprendizado de Máquina , Biomarcadores , Humanos
10.
Eur Neurol ; : 1-7, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests important effects of body mass index (BMI) and metabolic status on neurodegenerative diseases. However, the roles of BMI and metabolic status on cognitive outcomes in Parkinson's disease (PD) may vary and are yet to be determined. METHODS: In total, 139 PD patients from the whole PD cohort in Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative database underwent complete laboratory measurements, demographic and anthropometric parameters at baseline, and were enrolled in this study. Further, they were categorized into 4 different BMI-metabolic status phenotypes using Adult Treatment Panel-III criteria. Motor and cognition scales at baseline and longitudinal changes after a 48-month follow-up were compared among the 4 groups. Repeated-measure linear mixed models were performed to compare PD-related biomarkers among BMI-metabolic status phenotypes across time. RESULTS: We found that PD patients in the metabolically unhealthy normal weight group showed more cognitive decline in global cognition and visuospatial perception after a 48-month follow-up than those in the other 3 groups (p < 0.05). No difference was found in motor scales among different BMI-metabolic status phenotypes. Finally, compared to the metabolically healthy normal weight group, the metabolically healthy obesity group had lower CSF Aß42 and serum neurofilament levels in repeated-measure linear mixed models adjusting for age, gender, APOE e4 carrier status, and years of education (p = 0.031 and 0.046, respectively). CONCLUSION: The MUNW phenotype was associated with a rapid cognitive decline in PD.

11.
J Int Med Res ; 49(10): 3000605211053725, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect on the maturation of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) when using the internal branch of the cephalic vein compared with the main branch of the cephalic vein. METHODS: The study enrolled patients with end-stage renal disease and divided them into an internal branch group (AVF constructed using the internal branch of the cephalic vein) or a main branch group (AVF constructed using the main branch of the cephalic vein). The surgical outcomes including complications were observed in these patients after 12 weeks. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients with end-stage renal disease were included in the study. There were 16 patients in each group. The demographic and clinical characteristics were not significantly different between the two groups. The diameter of the arteries and veins were not significantly different between the two groups before the operation. In the internal branch group, significantly more (n = 7) patients failed to mature or required surgical intervention compared with the main branch group (n = 1). CONCLUSION: For veins of the same diameter, these findings suggest that constructing AVFs using the main branch of the cephalic vein instead of the internal branch was more suitable for patients with end-stage renal disease requiring haemodialysis.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica , Fístula Arteriovenosa/cirurgia , Humanos , Diálise Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
12.
J Proteome Res ; 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699232

RESUMO

Depression is a common psychopathological state or mood disorder syndrome. The serious risks to human life and the inadequacy of the existing antidepressant drugs have driven us to understand the pathogenesis of depression from a new perspective. Our research group has found disturbances in glucose catabolism in both depression and nephrotic syndrome. What are the specific metabolic pathways and specificities of glucose catabolism disorders caused by depression? To address the above scientific questions, we creatively combined traditional metabolomics technology with stable isotope-resolved metabolomics to research the glucose catabolism of the corticosterone-induced PC12 cell damage model and the adriamycin-induced glomerular podocyte damage model. The results showed an increased flux of pyruvate metabolism in depression. The increased flux of pyruvate metabolism led to an activation of gluconeogenesis in depression. The disturbed upstream metabolism of succinate caused the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) to be blocked in depression. In addition, there were metabolic disturbances in the purine metabolism and pentose phosphate pathways in depression. Compared with nephrotic syndrome, pyruvate metabolism, the TCA cycle, and gluconeogenesis metabolism in depression were specific. The metabolic pathways researched above are likely to be important targets for the efficacy of antidepressants.

13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21033, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702851

RESUMO

The amino acid sequence of a protein contains all the necessary information to specify its shape, which dictates its biological activities. However, it is challenging and expensive to experimentally determine the three-dimensional structure of proteins. The backbone torsion angles play a critical role in protein structure prediction, and accurately predicting the angles can considerably advance the tertiary structure prediction by accelerating efficient sampling of the large conformational space for low energy structures. Here we first time propose evolutionary signatures computed from protein sequence profiles, and a novel recurrent architecture, termed ESIDEN, that adopts a straightforward architecture of recurrent neural networks with a small number of learnable parameters. The ESIDEN can capture efficient information from both the classic and new features benefiting from different recurrent architectures in processing information. On the other hand, compared to widely used classic features, the new features, especially the Ramachandran basin potential, provide statistical and evolutionary information to improve prediction accuracy. On four widely used benchmark datasets, the ESIDEN significantly improves the accuracy in predicting the torsion angles by comparison to the best-so-far methods. As demonstrated in the present study, the predicted angles can be used as structural constraints to accurately infer protein tertiary structures. Moreover, the proposed features would pave the way to improve machine learning-based methods in protein folding and structure prediction, as well as function prediction. The source code and data are available at the website https://kornmann.bioch.ox.ac.uk/leri/resources/download.html .

14.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(11): 5169-5179, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708956

RESUMO

In order to better understand the industrial volatile organic compounds(VOCs) emissions in China in recent years, an industrial VOCs emission inventory was developed from 2011 to 2019, based on the dynamic emission factors method and the comprehensive source classification system. The results showed that VOCs emissions increased first from 11122.7 kt in 2011 to 13397.9 kt in 2017, and then decreased to 13247.0 kt in 2019. The emission structure of the four source categories changed. The contribution from basic organic chemical industries, gasoline storage and transportation, manufacturing(i.e., coatings, inks, pigments, and similar products), and industrial protective coatings continued to increase. On the contrary, the contributions of oil and natural gas processing, automobile, and container manufacturing industries declined over the study period. Among the industrial emissions in China in 2019, industrial coating, printing, and basic organic chemical industries emitted large amounts of VOCs(accounting for 39.2% of the total emission), and because their contribution became increasingly prominent since 2011, these sectors will be the key emission sources in the future. With respect to the spatial distribution in 2019, East China and South China had the largest VOCs emissions. Shandong, Guangdong, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang were the four provinces that contributed the most, accounting for 40.6% of the total VOCs emissions.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Gasolina , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
15.
Data Brief ; 39: 107491, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712760

RESUMO

In this article, we present four sets of data from high-throughput screening (HTS) studies of different chemically defined media using an industrially relevant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line. While complex hydrolysate media was used in the early phase process development and manufacturing of a monoclonal antibody (mAb), here we seek to determine an appropriate chemically defined media for late phase process development. Over 150 combinations of chemically defined basal media, feed media, and basal and feed media supplements, such as polyphenolic flavonoid antioxidants (including rosmarinic acid (RA)), were evaluated in four HTS studies to replace the complex hydrolysate media. Specifically, these four screening studies incorporated custom design of experiment (DOE), one-factor-at-a-time (OFAT), and definitive screening design methodologies for titer improvement. Titer was improved two fold compared to the early phase process using the addition of RA to chemically defined media. This dataset exemplifies how HTS can be used as an effective approach to systematically and statistically determine media composition and supplementation to increase mAb titer. These data were presented in connection with a published paper [1].

16.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(10): 732-740, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688463

RESUMO

Physalin B (PB), one of the major active steroidal constituents of Solanaceae Physalis plants, has a wide variety of biological activities. We found that PB significantly down-regulated ß-amyloid (Aß) secretion in N2a/APPsw cells. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In the current study, we investigated the changes in key enzymes involved in ß-amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism and other APP metabolites by treating N2a/APPsw cells with PB at different concentrations. The results indicated that PB reduced Aß secretion, which was caused by down-regulation of ß-secretase (BACE1) expression, as indicated at both the protein and mRNA levels. Further research revealed that PB regulated BACE1 expression by inducing the activation of forkhead box O1 (FoxO1) and inhibiting the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). In addition, the effect of PB on BACE1 expression and Aß secretion was reversed by treatment with FoxO1 siRNA and STAT3 antagonist S3I-201. In conclusion, these data demonstrated that PB can effectively down-regulate the expression of BACE1 to reduce Aßsecretion by activating the expression of FoxO1 and inhibiting the phosphorylation of STAT3.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/genética , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/genética , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/genética , Humanos , Fosforilação , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Secoesteroides
17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 957, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gas gangrene is usually manifested as myonecrosis and subcutaneous gas accumulation, but rarely manifested as arterial occlusion or pneumatosis in the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of gas gangrene caused by Clostridium septicum. The patient developed gas gangrene after being pecked by a chicken but turned for the better following antibiotic treatment and debriment. Imaging test revealed a rare occlusion of the right femoral artery and pneumatosis in the right ventricle and the main pulmonary artery. CONCLUSIONS: In the presence of gas gangrene, special care must be taken to prevent against the formation of circulatory air embolism. The gas gangrene-induced gangrene in the limb of this patient might be attributed to the combined action of infection and arterial occlusion. MDT (Multidisciplinary team)-Green Channel mode is conductive to treatment success of gas gangrene.


Assuntos
Clostridium septicum , Gangrena Gasosa , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Gangrena/etiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Front Genet ; 12: 723796, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531901

RESUMO

Background: The existing studies indicate that RNA binding proteins (RBPs) are closely correlated with the genesis and development of cancers. However, the role of RBPs in cutaneous melanoma remains largely unknown. Therefore, the present study aims to establish a reliable prognostic signature based on RBPs to distinguish cutaneous melanoma patients with different prognoses and investigate the immune infiltration of patients. Methods: After screening RBPs from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases, Cox and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis were then used to establish a prediction model. The relationship between the signature and the abundance of immune cell types, the tumor microenvironment (TME), immune-related pathways, and immune checkpoints were also analyzed. Results: In total, 7 RBPs were selected to establish the prognostic signature. Patients categorized as a high-risk group demonstrated worse overall survival (OS) rates compared to those of patients categorized as a low-risk group. The signature was validated in an independent external cohort and indicated a promising prognostic ability. Further analysis indicated that the signature wasan independent prognostic indicator in cutaneous melanoma. A nomogram combining risk score and clinicopathological features was then established to evaluate the 3- and 5-year OS in cutaneous melanoma patients. Analyses of immune infiltrating, the TME, immune checkpoint, and drug susceptibility revealed significant differences between the two groups. GSEA analysis revealed that basal cell carcinoma, notch signaling pathway, melanogenesis pathways were enriched in the high-risk group, resulting in poor OS. Conclusion: We established and validated a robust 7-RBP signature that could be a potential biomarker to predict the prognosis and immunotherapy response of cutaneous melanoma patients, which provides new insights into cutaneous melanoma immunotherapeutic strategies.

20.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 35(10): e22881, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392575

RESUMO

Pathological scars and chronic wounds caused by injury, aging, or surgery have always been important public health problems, and there is an urgent need to study the driving forces to find more effective treatments. In this study, we extracted and identified ADSCs exosomes and found that they have the ability to protect HaCat cells from oxidative damage, including promoting proliferation and migration and reducing apoptosis. Further studies determined that the expression of miR-378 was significantly enriched in exosomes. Studies have found that miR-378 mimic can produce protection similar to ADSCs-exo. However, when miR-378 inhibitors are used on ADSCs, the damage protection of the secreted exosomes disappears. This proves that miR-378 enriched in exosomes can improve HaCat's oxidative stress damage. Luciferase experiments show that this effect is achieved by targeting caspase-3. These results indicate that ADSCs play a protective role in wound healing by secreting miR-378-rich exosomes.

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