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1.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 649060, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33816353

RESUMO

Background: New evidence implies that the imbalance of gut microbiota is associated with the progression of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and that the composition of gut microbiota is altered in ALD patients. However, the predominant bacterium in patients involved in the progress of ALD has not been identified. The purpose of this study is to investigate the predominant bacterium in the early and end-stages of ALD as well as the relationship between the bacterium and the degree of liver injury. Methods: We enrolled 21 alcoholic fatty liver (AFL) patients, 17 alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC) patients and 27 healthy controls, and sequenced the 16S rRNA gene of their fecal microbiota. The gut microbiota composition and its relationship with the indicators of clinical hepatic function were assessed using canonical correspondence analysis (CCA), spearman correlation heatmap and multivariate association with linear (MaAsLin) Models. Results: The composition and structure of gut microbiota changed greatly in different stages of ALD, and the degree of disorder was aggravated with the progression of ALD, even in the early stage. Moreover, the relative abundance of Streptococcus was highly enriched only in patients with ALC (P <0.001), and positively correlated with AST level (P = 0.029). The abundance of Streptococcus distinguished the liver injury of ALC patients from the controls with an area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.877 (P < 0.001). Conclusions: These findings indicate that the imbalance of gut microbiota exists at the early and end-stages of ALD, and the degree of disorder is aggravated with the progression of ALD. Streptococcus, as the predominant bacterium, may be a microbiological marker to evaluate the severity of liver injury in ALD patients.

2.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurately predicting the risk of death, recurrence, and metastasis of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is potentially important for personalized diagnosis and treatment. Survival outcomes of patients vary greatly in distinct stages of NPC. Prognostic models of stratified patients may aid in prognostication. PURPOSE: To explore the prognostic performance of MRI-based radiomics signatures in stratified patients with NPC. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: Seven hundred and seventy-eight patients with NPC (T1-2 stage: 298, T3-4 stage: 480; training cohort: 525, validation cohort: 253). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: Fast-spin echo (FSE) axial T1-weighted images, FSE axial T2-weighted images, contrast-enhanced FSE axial T1-weighted images at 1.5 T or 3.0 T. ASSESSMENT: Radiomics signatures, clinical nomograms, and radiomics nomograms combining the radiomic score (Radscore) and clinical factors for predicting progression-free survival (PFS) were constructed on T1-2 stage patient cohort (A), T3-4 stage patient cohort (B), and the entire dataset (C). STATISTICAL TESTS: Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method was applied for radiomics modeling. Harrell's concordance indices (C-index) were employed to evaluate the predictive power of each model. RESULTS: Among 4,410 MRI-extracted features, we selected 16, 16, and 14 radiomics features most relevant to PFS for Models A, B, and C, respectively. Only 0, 1, and 4 features were found overlapped between models A/B, A/C, and B/C, respectively. Radiomics signatures constructed on T1-2 stage and T3-4 stage patients yielded C-indices of 0.820 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.763-0.877) and 0.726 (0.687-0.765), respectively, which were larger than those on the entire validation cohort (0.675 [0.637-0.713]). Radiomics nomograms combining Radscore and clinical factors achieved significantly better performance than clinical nomograms (P < 0.05 for all). DATA CONCLUSION: The selected radiomics features and prognostic performance of radiomics signatures differed per the type of NPC patients incorporated into the models. Radiomics models based on pre-stratified tumor stages had better prognostic performance than those on unstratified dataset. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Technical Efficacy Stage: 5.

3.
Environ Microbiol ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33817929

RESUMO

Chromatin transitions are mediated in part by acetylation/deacetylation post-translational modifications of histones. Histone deacetylases, e.g. sirtuins (Sir-proteins), repress transcription via promotion of heterochromatin formation. Here, we characterize the Sir2 class III histone deacetylase (BbSir2) in the environmentally and economically important fungal insect pathogen, Beauveria bassiana. BbSir2 is shown to contribute to the deacetylation of lysine residues on H3 and H4 histones. Targeted gene knockout of BbSir2 resulted in impaired asexual development, reduced abilities to utilize various carbon/nitrogen sources, reduced tolerance to oxidative, heat, and UV stress, and attenuated virulence. ΔBbSir2 cells showed disrupted cell cycle development and abnormal hyphal septation patterns. Proteomic protein acetylation analyses of wild type and ΔBbSir2 cells, revealed the differential abundance of 462 proteins, and altered (hyper- or hypo-) acetylation of 436 lysine residues on 350 proteins. Bioinformatic analyses revealed enrichment in pathways involved in carbon/nitrogen metabolism, cell cycle control and cell rescue, defense, and mitochondrial functioning. Critical targets involved in virulence included LysM effector proteins and a benzoquinone oxidoreductase implicated in detoxification of cuticular compounds. These data indicate broad effects of BbSir2 on fungal development and stress response, with identification of discrete targets that can account for the observed (decreased) virulence phenotype. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(7)2021 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801671

RESUMO

In order to better predict the development of shrinkage deformation of steam-cured concrete mixed with slag, a deformation-temperature-humidity integrated model test, a hydration heat test, and an elastic modulus test were performed. The effects of the steam-curing process and the content of slag on shrinkage deformation, hydration degree and elastic modulus of concrete were studied. The results indicate that during the steam-curing process, the concrete has an "expansion-shrinkage" pattern. After the steam curing, the deformation of concrete is dominated by drying shrinkage. After the addition of slag, the shrinkage deformation of steam-cured concrete is increased. The autogenous shrinkage increases by 0.5-12%, and the total shrinkage increases by 1.5-8% at 60 days. At the same time, slag reduces the hydration degree of steam-cured concrete and modulus of elasticity. A prediction model for the hydration degree of steam-cured concrete is established, which can be used to calculate the degree of hydration at any curing age. Based on the capillary tension generated by the capillary pores in concrete, an integrated model of autogenous shrinkage and total shrinkage is established with the relative humidity directly related to the water loss in the concrete as the driving parameter. Whether the shrinkage deformation is caused by hydration reaction or the external environment, this model can better predict the shrinkage deformation of steam-cured concrete.

5.
Transl Psychiatry ; 11(1): 198, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795641

RESUMO

A number of tryptophan metabolites known to be neuroactive have been examined for their potential associations with cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. Among these metabolites, kynurenic acid (KYNA), 5-hydroxyindole (5-HI), and quinolinic acid (QUIN) are documented in their diverse effects on α-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) and/or N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR), two of the receptor types thought to contribute to cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. In this study, serum levels of KYNA, 5-HI, and QUIN were measured in 195 patients with schizophrenia and in 70 healthy controls using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry; cognitive performance in MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery and cortical thickness measured by magnetic resonance imaging were obtained. Patients with schizophrenia had significantly lower serum KYNA (p < 0.001) and QUIN (p = 0.02) levels, and increased 5-HI/KYNA (p < 0.001) and QUIN/KYNA ratios (p < 0.001) compared with healthy controls. Multiple linear regression showed that working memory was positively correlated with serum 5-HI levels (t = 2.10, p = 0.04), but inversely correlated with KYNA concentrations (t = -2.01, p = 0.05) in patients. Patients with high 5-HI and low KYNA had better working memory than other subgroups (p = 0.01). Higher 5-HI levels were associated with thicker left lateral orbitofrontal cortex (t = 3.71, p = 2.94 × 10-4) in patients. The different effects of 5-HI and KYNA on working memory may appear consistent with their opposite receptor level mechanisms. Our findings appear to provide a new insight into the dynamic roles of tryptophan pathway metabolites on cognition, which may benefit novel therapeutic development that targets cognitive impairment in schizophrenia.

6.
Iran J Parasitol ; 16(1): 122-135, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786054

RESUMO

Background: Trichinellosis is a serious food-borne parasitic zoonosis, thus finding high quality antigens is the key to serodiagnosis of trichinosis. This article reports the characterization and sensitivity of four recombinant proteins expressed by four genes (Wn10, Zh68, T668, and Wm5) from different developmental stages of Trichinella spiralis for the diagnosis of trichinellosis in mice. Methods: This study was conducted in Jilin University and National Institute of Parasitic Diseases of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention in 2017-2018. The structures and functions of the proteins encoded by four genes were predicted by bioinformatics analysis. The four genes were cloned and expressed, and the recombinant proteins were purified. Anti-Trichinella IgM and IgG antibodies in the sera of mice infected with T. spiralis from 1-45 d post-infection (dpi) were evaluated by ELISA. Results: The optimal antigen epitopes of four proteins (P1, P2, P3, and P4) encoded by the four genes from T- and B-cells were predicted, and four purified recombinant proteins (r-P1, r-P2, r-P3, and r-P4) were successfully produced. For IgM, the antibody levels detected by the four recombinant antigens were approximately equal to the cut-off value. Anti-Trichinella IgG antibodies were first detected by r-P1 at 8 dpi, followed by r-P2, r-P3, and r-P4 at 10 dpi, 14 dpi, and 16 dpi, respectively, and the antibody levels remained high until 45 dpi. Conclusion: The recombinant antigens r-P1, r-P2, r-P3, and r-P4 could be antigens that react with antibodies, they showed high sensitivity in the detection of anti-Trichinella IgG antibodies in mice. Among these proteins, r-P1 may be a candidate antigen for the detection of anti-Trichinella IgG antibodies in the early infection phase and exhibited the best sensitivity among the antigens.

7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1944, 2021 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782402

RESUMO

CRISPR-Cas12a is a promising genome editing system for targeting AT-rich genomic regions. Comprehensive genome engineering requires simultaneous targeting of multiple genes at defined locations. Here, to expand the targeting scope of Cas12a, we screen nine Cas12a orthologs that have not been demonstrated in plants, and identify six, ErCas12a, Lb5Cas12a, BsCas12a, Mb2Cas12a, TsCas12a and MbCas12a, that possess high editing activity in rice. Among them, Mb2Cas12a stands out with high editing efficiency and tolerance to low temperature. An engineered Mb2Cas12a-RVRR variant enables editing with more relaxed PAM requirements in rice, yielding two times higher genome coverage than the wild type SpCas9. To enable large-scale genome engineering, we compare 12 multiplexed Cas12a systems and identify a potent system that exhibits nearly 100% biallelic editing efficiency with the ability to target as many as 16 sites in rice. This is the highest level of multiplex edits in plants to date using Cas12a. Two compact single transcript unit CRISPR-Cas12a interference systems are also developed for multi-gene repression in rice and Arabidopsis. This study greatly expands the targeting scope of Cas12a for crop genome engineering.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas Associadas a CRISPR/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Endodesoxirribonucleases/genética , Edição de Genes/métodos , Engenharia Genética/métodos , Genoma de Planta , Oryza/genética , Agrobacterium tumefaciens , Alelos , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR/genética , Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas a CRISPR/metabolismo , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Produtos Agrícolas , Endodesoxirribonucleases/metabolismo , Humanos , Isoenzimas/genética , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Oryza/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , RNA Guia/genética , RNA Guia/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência
9.
Aquat Toxicol ; 234: 105787, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677168

RESUMO

Coolia tropicalis is a species of benthic and epiphytic toxic algae, which can produce phycotoxins that intoxicate marine fauna. In this study, the potential toxic effects of C. tropicalis on fish were investigated using larval marine medaka (Oryzias melastigma) as a model to evaluate fish behavior, physiological performance, and stress-induced molecular responses to exposure to two sublethal concentrations (LC10 and LC20) of hydrophilic algal lysates. Exposure to C. tropicalis lysates inhibited swimming activity, activated spontaneous undirected locomotion, altered nerve length ration, and induced early development abnormalities, such as shorter eye diameter, body as well as axon length. Consistent with these abnormalities, changes in the expression of genes associated with apoptosis (CASPASE-3 and BCL-2), the inflammatory response (IL-1ß and COX-2), oxidative stress (SOD), and energy metabolism (ACHE and VHA), were also observed. This study advances our understanding of the mechanisms of C. tropicalis toxicity in marine fish in the early life stages and contributes to future ecological risk assessments of toxic benthic dinoflagellates.

10.
Langmuir ; 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760624

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), due to their possessing a porous structure, are potential candidates for solid-state ionic conduction materials. Moreover, uncoordinated carboxylic acid groups (-COOH) of MOFs can be used as postsynthetic modification sites, which are favorable for lithium ion exchange. Herein, we synthesized a unique multiple carboxylic zinc metal-organic framework (Zn-MOF-COOH) containing uncoordinated carboxylic acid groups. Zn-MOF-COOLi was synthesized through deprotonation using LiOH via a straightforward acid-base reaction at room temperature (RT), thereby exhibiting better good electrochemical properties. The lithium ionic conductivity (σ) increased from 1.81 × 10-5 to 1.65 × 10-4 S·cm-1, lithium ion transference number (tLi+) rose from 0.67 to 0.77, and the electrochemical window improved from 2.0-5.5 to 1.5-6.5 V. This work offers a new strategy to improve the σ of MOFs and a new perspective toward manufacturing of high-performance solid-state ionic conduction materials.

11.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 31, 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has led to a significant number of mortalities worldwide. COVID-19 poses a serious threat to human life. The clinical manifestations of COVID-19 are diverse and severe and 20% of infected patients are reported to be in a critical condition. A loss in lung function and pulmonary fibrosis are the main manifestations of patients with the severe form of the disease. The lung function is affected, even after recovery, thereby greatly affecting the psychology and well-being of patients, and significantly reducing their quality of life. METHODS: Participants must meet the following simultaneous inclusion criteria: over 18 years of age, should have recovered from severe or critical COVID-19 cases, should exhibit pulmonary fibrosis after recovery, and should exhibit Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome as indicated in the system of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The eligible candidates will be randomized into treatment or control groups. The treatment group will receive modern medicine (pirfenidone) plus TCM whereas the control group will be administered modern medicine plus TCM placebo. The lung function index will be continuously surveyed and recorded. By comparing the treatment effect between the two groups, the study intend to explore whether TCM can improve the effectiveness of modern medicine in patients with pulmonary fibrosis arising as a sequelae after SARS-CoV-2 infection. DISCUSSION: Pulmonary fibrosis is one of fatal sequelae for some severe or critical COVID-19 cases, some studies reveal that pirfenidone lead to a delay in the decline of forced expiratory vital capacity, thereby reducing the mortality partly. Additionally, although TCM has been proven to be efficacious in treating pulmonary fibrosis, its role in treating pulmonary fibrosis related COVID-19 has not been explored. Hence, a multicenter, parallel-group, randomized controlled, interventional, prospective clinical trial has been designed and will be conducted to determine if a new comprehensive treatment for pulmonary fibrosis related to COVID-19 is feasible and if it can improve the quality of life of patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This multicenter, parallel-group, randomized controlled, interventional, prospective trial was registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2000033284) on 26th May 2020 (prospective registered).


Assuntos
/complicações , Fibrose Pulmonar/etiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/terapia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Análise de Dados , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Fibrose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733337

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a prediction model that combined magnetic resonance images (MRI)-based radiomics features with clinical factors to predict recurrence-free survival (RFS) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with surgical resection. METHODS: HCC patients treated with surgical resection (n = 153) were randomly divided into training (n = 107) and validation (n = 46) datasets. The volumes of interest were manually outlined around the lesion and additional 2 mm and 5 mm peritumoral areas were created with automated dilatation in MRI to extract tumoral (T) and peritumoral (PT) radiomics features. The radiomics models were constructed using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator Cox regression. The combined model incorporated clinical factors and radiomics features using multivariable Cox regression based on the Akaike information criterion principle. Predictive performance of different models were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, decision curves, and calibration curves. RESULTS: Among the radiomics models, similar performance was observed in the 2 mm and 5 mm PT models (C-index both 0.657), which were better than the T model or T + PT model (C-index 0.607 and 0.641, respectively) in the validation dataset, whereas the model combined with the three identified clinical risk factors showed the best performance (C-index 0.725). Results of the ROC curves, decision curves, and the calibration curves indicated that the combined model and the derived nomogram had better prediction performance, greater clinical benefits, and fair calibration efficiency. CONCLUSION: The prediction model that combined MRI radiomics signatures with clinical factors can effectively predict the prognosis of patients with HCC treated with surgical resection.

13.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1154: 338319, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33736800

RESUMO

Protein is an excellent molecular mass amplifier without fluorescence quenching effect for fluorescence anisotropy (FA) assay. However, in traditional protein amplified FA methods, the binding ratio between amplifier and dye-modified probe is 1:1 or one target can only induce FA change of one fluorophore on probe, resulting in low sensitivity. Herein, we developed a simple FA strategy with high accuracy and sensitivity by using a crosslinked submicro-hydrogel that was formed through a catalyzed hairpin assembly (CHA) assisted protein aggregation as a novel FA amplifier. In the presence of catalyst, the CHA process was initiated through the toehold-mediated strand exchange reaction, which led to the formation of a dye and biotin-labeled Y-shaped H1-H2 duplex (YHD) and recycling of catalyst. With the introduction of streptavidin, a crosslinked submicro-hydrogel was formed by strong binding affinity between biotin on YHD and streptavidin, resulting in an increased FA of fluorescent dye. After rational design of the catalyst sequence, this method has been utilized for the detection of miRNA-145, staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) and ATP with an LOD of 2.5 nM, 92 pg mL-1 and 3.6 µM, respectively. Moreover, this FA assay has been successfully applied for direct detection of target in biological samples, demonstrating its practicality in complex biological systems.

14.
BMJ Open ; 11(3): e041147, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total joint arthroplasty (TJA), including total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA), is required for many patients. This study aimed to evaluate the medical costs, length of stay (LOS), blood transfusion and in-hospital complications in patients undergoing simultaneous and staged TJA. METHODS: All patients who underwent primary bilateral TJA from 2013 to 2018 in our institute were included. The propensity score matching analysis was performed between simultaneous and staged TJA patients. The difference in medical costs, LOS, blood transfusion and in-hospital complications was compared between simultaneous and staged groups. RESULTS: Except for materials fees and general therapy fees, medical costs (bed fees, general therapy fees, nursing care fees, check-up and laboratory test fees, surgical fees and drug fees) were significantly lower in the simultaneous TKA, THA and TJA group. The total average medical costs in simultaneous and staged TKA groups were $15 385 and $16 729 (p<0.001), respectively; THA groups were $14 503 and $16 142 (p=0.016), respectively; TJA groups were $15 389 and $16 830 (p<0.001), respectively. The highest and lowest costs were materials fees and nursing care fees. No significant differences were found for five common comorbidities and postoperative complications between the two subgroups. The simultaneous groups had a shorter LOS and the differences from the staged group for TKA, THA and the TJA group were 8, 6 and 8 days, respectively. The incidence of blood transfusion is higher for simultaneous groups and the difference from the staged group for TKA, THA and TJA is 32.69%, 18% and 29.3%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that simultaneous TKA and THA with a shorter LOS would cost fewer (costs incurred during hospitalisation) than staged TKA and THA. Complication rates were not affected by the choice for staged or simultaneous arthroplasty, but the incidence of blood transfusion was higher in the simultaneous groups.

15.
Transl Psychiatry ; 11(1): 117, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558459

RESUMO

Cognitive impairment is a core characteristic of schizophrenia, but its underlying neural mechanisms remain poorly understood. Reduced brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a protein critical for neural plasticity and synaptic signaling, is one of the few molecules consistently associated with cognitive deficits in schizophrenia although the etiological pathway leading to BDNF reduction in schizophrenia is unclear. We examined microRNA-195 (miR-195), a known modulator of BDNF protein expression, as a potential mechanistic component. One-hundred and eighteen first-episode patients with schizophrenia either antipsychotic medication-naïve or within two weeks of antipsychotic medication exposure and forty-seven age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled. MiR-195 and BDNF mRNA and BDNF protein levels in peripheral blood were tested. Cognitive function was assessed using the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB). MiR-195 was significantly higher (p = 0.01) whereas BDNF mRNA (p < 0.001) and protein (p = 0.016) levels were significantly lower in patients compared with controls. Higher miR-195 expression was significantly correlated to lower BDNF protein levels in patients (partial r = -0.28, p = 0.003) and lower BDNF protein levels were significantly associated with poorer overall cognitive performance by MCCB and also in speed of processing, working memory, and attention/vigilance domains composite score (p = 0.002-0.004). The subgroup of patients with high miR-195 and low BDNF protein showed the lowest level of cognitive functions, and miR-195 showed significant mediation effects on cognitive functions through BDNF protein. Elevated miR-195 may play a role in regulating BDNF protein expression thereby influencing cognitive impairments in schizophrenia, suggesting that development of cognition enhancing treatment for schizophrenia may consider a micro-RNA based strategy.

16.
J Psychiatr Res ; 136: 358-365, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636692

RESUMO

MicroRNA (miR)-181b-5p is considered to be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, and one of its regulatory target genes BCL-2 (B-cell lymphoma 2) is suggested to associate with cognition of schizophrenia. Cognitive deficit is a core trait of schizophrenia. However, it remains unclear whether miR-181b-5p affects cognition and its possible pathway in schizophrenia. We hypothesized that miR-181b-5p affects cognition by targeting BCL-2 mRNA and downregulating BCL-2 protein expression in schizophrenia patients. In this study, first-episode patients with schizophrenia (FEPS, n = 123) and age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HCs, n = 50) were enrolled in Chinese populations. Expression levels of miR-181b-5p and BCL-2 mRNA in peripheral whole blood were measured with quantitative real-time PCR (Q-PCR) and BCL-2 protein in plasma were measured with Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Psychopathology was assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), cognitive function was evaluated using the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB). Peripheral blood miR-181b-5p expression level was significantly upregulated (p = 0.001) whereas BCL-2 mRNA and BCL-2 protein levels were significantly downregulated (p = 0.002, p = 0.023 respectively) in the FEPS compared with those in the HCs. The miR-181b-5p level was negatively (p = 0.005), whereas the BCL-2 mRNA level was positively (p < 0.001), correlated with working memory in FEPS. Mediating effect analysis showed that the effect of miR-181b-5p on working memory in the FEPS was exerted via targeting BCL-2 mRNA. MiR-181b-5p in combination with BCL-2 mRNA might be suggested as potential biomarker for schizophrenia in our discovery sample. In conclusion, overexpressed miR-181b-5p may affect cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia.

17.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 50(1): 69-85, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the content of nutritive ingredients of 11 kinds of different processed wheats planted in Shaanxi Province, and assess their nutritional value. METHODS: The macronutrients, moisture, ash and vitamins in 11 different wheat were determined. The index of nutritional quality(INQ) method was used to evaluate the different nutrients in 11 kinds of wheat and the fuzzy membership function method was used to evaluate the nutritional value comprehensively. RESULTS: The contents of water and carbohydrate in 11 kinds of whole wheat flour were lower than those of special flour and wheat core flour. The contents of ash, fat, protein and total dietary fiber were significantly higher than those of special flour and wheat core flour. The wheat flour contained high levels of vitamin B_1, certain vitamin B_2 and trace amount of ß-carotene. Under the parameters selected in this article, the comprehensive evaluation shows that Jinmai 54 had the highest nutritive value among 11 kinds of wheat, while Zhoumai 26 had the lowest nutritive value. CONCLUSION: 11 kinds of wheat is rich in protein, vitamins and other nutrients, peeling can cause a large loss of vitamin B and vitamin E in wheat flour. The comprehensive nutritional value of whole wheat flour is higher than the special flour and wheat core powder.


Assuntos
Farinha , Triticum , Pão , Fibras na Dieta , Valor Nutritivo
18.
Plant Physiol ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570603

RESUMO

Seed storability largely determines the vigor of seeds during storage and is significant in agriculture and ecology. However, the underlying genetic basis remains unclear. In the present study, we report the cloning and characterization of the rice (Oryza sativa) indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)-amido synthetase gene GRETCHEN HAGEN3-2 (OsGH3-2) associated with seed storability. OsGH3-2 was identified by performing a genome-wide association study in rice germplasms with linkage mapping in chromosome substitution segment lines, contributing to the wide variation of seed viability in the populations after long periods of storage and artificial ageing. OsGH3-2 was dominantly expressed in the developing seeds and catalyzed IAA conjugation to amino acids, forming inactive auxin. Transgenic overexpression, knockout and knockdown experiments demonstrated that OsGH3-2 affected seed storability by regulating the accumulation level of abscisic acid. Overexpression of OsGH3-2 significantly decreased seed storability, while knockout or knockdown of the gene enhanced seed storability compared with the wild type. OsGH3-2 acted as a negative regulator of seed storability by modulating many genes related to the abscisic acid pathway and probably subsequently late embryogenesis-abundant proteins at the transcription level. These findings shed light on the molecular mechanisms underlying seed storability and will facilitate the improvement of seed vigor by genomic breeding and gene-editing approaches in rice.

19.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609209

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic and nonspecific intestinal inflammatory condition with high relapse rate. Its pathogenesis has been linked to dysbacteriosis, genetic and environmental factors. In recent years, a new type of lymphocytes, termed innate lymphoid cells, has been described and classified into three subtypes of innate lymphoid cells-group 1, group 2 and group 3. An imbalance among these subsets' interaction with gut microbiome, and other immune cells affects intestinal mucosal homeostasis. Understanding the role of innate lymphoid cells may provide ideas for developing novel and targeted approaches for treatment of IBD.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 774: 145700, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609817

RESUMO

Early life environment can affect asthma and allergies but few cohort studies on this issue are available from China. Our aim was to investigate reported onset of childhood wheeze, rhinitis and eczema symptoms in relation to prenatal, perinatal and postnatal home environment. Data on home environment and symptoms (ISAAC based questions) in first two years of life and in the past 12 months were reported by parents of the children (3-6 y) in a cross-sectional questionnaire survey in ten day care centers in Taiyuan, northern China (N = 3606). Changes of symptoms from the first 2 years of life to the past 12 months (recall period) were calculated retrospectively. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was applied. Reported onset of wheeze, rhinitis and eczema were 11.8%, 22.2% and 3.3%, respectively. Redecorating during pregnancy increased reported onset of rhinitis (OR = 2.29) and eczema (OR = 4.91). New furniture during pregnancy increased reported onset of rhinitis (OR = 1.47). Perinatal indoor mould increased reported onset of wheeze (OR = 1.51), rhinitis (OR = 1.65) and eczema (OR = 1.91). Perinatal mould odour increased reported onset of wheeze (OR = 1.85). Perinatal window pane condensation increased reported onset of wheeze (OR = 1.54) and rhinitis (OR = 1.24). Perinatal stuffy air and dry air in the home increased reported onset of all three symptoms (ORs 1.46-2.24). Dog keeping increased reported onset of wheeze (OR = 1.69) and eczema (OR = 2.13). Based on principal component analysis, four exposure scores were calculated (renovation, new furniture, mould and indoor air quality scores). Dose-response relationships were observed between these exposure scores and reported onset of symptoms. In conclusion, prenatal and postnatal exposure to emissions from renovation and new furniture can increase reported onset of childhood wheeze, rhinitis and eczema. Perinatal indoor mould, mould odour, condensation on window panes and impaired indoor air quality at home can be associated with reported development of wheeze, rhinitis and eczema in preschoolers in northern China.

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