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1.
Cytokine ; 128: 155001, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035329

RESUMO

Neutrophilic granule protein (NGP) belongs to the cystatin superfamily. Even though this superfamily is critically involved in cancer biology and adaptive immunity, the relationship of macrophage NGP to inflammation and phagocytosis remains poorly understood. In this study, we observed a significant increase of NGP in peritoneal macrophages (PMs) isolated from mice challenged with E. coli or lipopolysaccharide (LPS), as judged by NGP mRNA microarray. We also found changes in NGP to be mainly Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-dependent. By western blot and electrophoretic mobility shift assay, we demonstrated NGP overexpression to reduce TNF-α and IL-1ß production by LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells (RAW) via suppression of the NF-κB (p65 and p50) signalling pathway, rather than the JNK1/AP-1 (fos and jun) signalling pathway. NGP overexpression by LPS-induced RAW also induced IL-10, an anti-inflammatory cytokine, which was partially involved in the anti-inflammatory effect produced by NGP overexpression. Moreover, upregulated NGP enhanced the phagocytosis of E. coli by RAW. Taken together, these results demonstrated NGP to be an important host defense component that regulates inflammatory responses and phagocytosis by activated macrophages. As such, NGP may be useful for the treatment of inflammatory based disease.

2.
Cell Immunol ; : 104047, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019673

RESUMO

The polarization of macrophages is critical to inflammation and tissue repair, with unbalanced macrophage polarization associated with critical dysfunctions of the immune system. Cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) is a hydroxylase mainly controlled by the inflammation-limiting aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), which plays a critical role in mycoplasma infection, oxidative stress injury, and cancer. Arginase-1 (Arg-1) is a surrogate for polarized alternative macrophages and is important to the production of nitric oxide (NO) by the modulation of arginine. In the present study, we found CYP1A1 to be upregulated in IL-4-stimulated mouse peritoneal macrophages (PMs) and human peripheral blood monocytes. Using CYP1A1-overexpressing RAW264.7 cells (CYP1A1/RAW) we found that CYP1A1 augmented Arg-1 expression by strengthening the activation of the JAK1/STAT6 signaling pathway in macrophages treated with IL-4. 15(S)-HETE, a metabolite of CYP1A1 hydroxylase, was elevated in IL-4-induced CYP1A1/RAW cells. Further, in macrophages, the loss-of-CYP1A1-hydroxylase activity was associated with reduced IL-4-induced Arg-1 expression due to impaired 15(S)-HETE generation. Of importance, CYP1A1 overexpressing macrophages reduced the inflammation associated with LPS-induced peritonitis. Taken together, these findings identified a novel signaling axis, CYP1A1-15(S)-HETE-JAK1-STAT6, that may be a promising target for the proper maintenance of macrophage polarization and may also be a means by which to treat immune-related disease due to macrophage dysfunction.

3.
Inflammation ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802382

RESUMO

Ellipticine, a natural product from Ochrosia elliptica, has been broadly investigated for its anticancer effects. Although inflammation has been clearly identified as a key factor in the onset and progression of cancer, the relationship between ellipticine and inflammation remains unknown. Hence, the aims of the present study were to assess the effects of ellipticine on the inflammatory responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophages and to potentially identify the underlying mechanisms involved. Viability testing showed that ellipticine was not significantly toxic to Raw264.7 cells and actually conveyed protective effects to LPS-stimulated Raw264.7 cells and human peripheral blood monocytes by decreasing the secretion of inflammatory factors (TNF-α and IL-6). The results of western blot analysis and electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that ellipticine markedly suppressed LPS-induced activation of the JNK/AP-1 (c-Fos and c-Jun) signaling pathway, but not ERK/p38/NF-κB pathway (p65 and p50) activation. Furthermore, ellipticine reduced the inflammatory response and mortality in a mouse model of LPS-induced endotoxic shock. Collectively, these data indicate that ellipticine may be a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of inflammation-associated diseases.

4.
Mil Med Res ; 3: 33, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27833759

RESUMO

Trauma still represents one of the major causes of death worldwide. Despite the reduction of post-traumatic sepsis over the past two decades, the mortality of septic trauma inpatients is still high (19.5-23 %). Early prevention of sepsis development can aid in the subsequent treatment of patients and help improve their outcomes. To date, the prevention of trauma-related infection/sepsis has mainly included infection prevention (e.g., surgical management, prophylactic antibiotics, tetanus vaccination, immunomodulatory interventions) and organ dysfunction prevention (e.g., pharmaceuticals, temporary intravascular shunts, lung-protective strategies, enteral immunonutrition, acupuncture). Overall, more efficient ways should be developed to prevent trauma-related infection/sepsis.


Assuntos
Traumatismo Múltiplo/complicações , Sepse , Infecção dos Ferimentos , Humanos , Sepse/etiologia , Sepse/prevenção & controle , Infecção dos Ferimentos/etiologia , Infecção dos Ferimentos/prevenção & controle
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