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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(68): 10174-10177, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389934

RESUMO

A tri-metal material system of FeCoNi-based nitro-sulfide (FeCoNi-NS) hierarchical structure has been successfully synthesized via a deep eutectic solvent annealing process. The as-prepared FeCoNi-NS possesses interesting N,S-binary heteroatoms evenly doped with Fe, Co, and Ni. By taking advantage of the unique structure including multi-metal sites, high BET area and porous structures, the as-prepared FeCoNi-NS exhibited excellent oxygen evolution reaction (OER) performance, achieving a current density of 10 mA cm-2 at an overpotential of 251 mV and a low Tafel slope of 58 mV dec-1 in 1 M KOH. Furthermore, FeCoNi-NS also demonstrated highly efficient mass/charge transportation, long-term stability with 2% deactivation after ten hours continuous operation and high faradaic efficiency of 98%. Such a facile synthetic strategy is applicable to the fabrication of more mutil-metal hierarchical structures for energy conversion and storage.

2.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 35, 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30684022

RESUMO

For an economical use of solar energy, photocatalysts that are sufficiently efficient, stable, and capable of harvesting light are required. Composite heterostructures composed of noble metals and semiconductors exhibited the excellent in catalytic application. Here, 1D Ag/Au/AgCl hollow heterostructures are synthesized by galvanic replacement reaction (GRR) from Ag nanowires (NWs). The catalytic properties of these as-obtained Ag/Au/AgCl hollow heterostructures with different ratios are investigated by reducing 4-nitrophenol (Nip) into 4-aminophenol (Amp) in the presence of NaBH4, and the influence of AgCl semiconductor to the catalytic performances of Ag/Au bimetals is also investigated. These hollow heterostructures show the higher catalytic properties than pure Ag NWs, and the AgCl not only act as supporting materials, but the excess AgCl is also the obstacle for contact of Ag/Au bimetals with reactive species. Moreover, the photocatalytic performances of these hollow heterostructures are carried out by degradation of acid orange 7 (AO7) under UV and visible light. These Ag/Au/AgCl hollow heterostructures present the higher photocatalytic activities than pure Ag NWs and commercial TiO2 (P25), and the Ag/Au bimetals enhance the photocatalytic activity of AgCl semiconductor via the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and plasmon resonance energy transfer (PRET) mechanisms. The as-synthesized 1D Ag/Au/AgCl hollow heterostructures with multifunction could apply in practical environmental remedy by catalytic manners.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 47(32): 11264-11271, 2018 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30058660

RESUMO

Advanced fluorescent materials have demonstrated great value in the anti-counterfeiting field for information storage and hiding. In this work, a novel strategy for producing UV light-switchable fluorescent patterns to hide and store information is proposed based on carbon dots (CDs) and Y2O3:Eu composites with exceptional optical properties. CDs can present blue emission under both 254 nm and 365 nm UV light excitation, but Y2O3:Eu can only arouse a red color under 254 nm light excitation. Under conventional 365 nm excitation, a single blue color and partial information are shown, however, the whole information in patterns can be displayed under specific 254 nm excitation. The functional anti-counterfeiting patterns are made by screen printing using as-prepared polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-medium fluorescent inks. Moreover, the hidden information retained its integrity after printed patterns were exposed to an ambient environment for 90 days. Such invisible, tunable and ultra-stable fluorescent patterns utilizing 254 nm UV light well achieve information hiding and storage and increase information security for anti-counterfeiting applications.

4.
Nanoscale ; 9(41): 15982-15989, 2017 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29022638

RESUMO

Advanced anti-counterfeiting labels have aroused an intensive interest in packaging industry to avoid the serious issue of counterfeit. However, the preparation and cost of the existing labels associated with the drawbacks, including the complex and high-cost equipment, limit the protection of the authenticity of goods. Herein, we developed a series of anti-counterfeiting labels based on multicolor upconversion micro-particles (UCMPs) inks via straightforward and low-cost solutions, including spin-coating, stamping and screen printing. The UCMPs were synthesized through a facile hydrothermal process and displayed tunable red (R), green (G) and blue (B) color by doping different lanthanide ions, which are Er3+/Tm3+, Yb3+/Er3+ and Yb3+/Tm3+ in NaYF4 hosts, respectively. The optimal UCMPs inks were deposited on a flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrate to obtain transparent anti-counterfeiting labels possessing higher transmittance, stronger upconversion fluorescence intensity and good photostability. Under ambient conditions, the patterns and films were transparent, but could exhibit multicolor light under 980 nm laser excitation. They can be used as anti-counterfeiting labels for die-cutting packages to further elevate the security of goods. The tunable and designable transparent anti-counterfeiting labels based on RGB UCMPs inks exhibit the merits of low-cost, easy-manufacture and versatility, underlying the practical application in the field of anti-counterfeiting.

5.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 12(1): 480, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28789485

RESUMO

Silver nanowires (Ag NWs) are the promising materials to fabricate flexible transparent electrodes, aiming to replace indium tin oxide (ITO) in the next generation of flexible electronics. Herein, a feasible polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-mediated polyol synthesis of Ag NWs with different aspect ratios is demonstrated and high-quality Ag NWs transparent electrodes (NTEs) are fabricated without high-temperature thermal sintering. When employing the mixture of PVP with different average molecular weight as the capping agent, the diameters of Ag NWs can be tailored and Ag NWs with different aspect ratios varying from ca. 30 to ca. 1000 are obtained. Using these as-synthesized Ag NWs, the uniform Ag NWs films are fabricated by repeated spin coating. When the aspect ratios exceed 500, the optoelectronic performance of Ag NWs films improve remarkably and match up to those of ITO films. Moreover, an optimal Ag NTEs with low sheet resistance of 11.4 Ω/sq and a high parallel transmittance of 91.6% at 550 nm are achieved when the aspect ratios reach almost 1000. In addition, the sheet resistance of Ag NWs films does not show great variation after 400 cycles of bending test, suggesting an excellent flexibility. The proposed approach to fabricate highly flexible and high-performance Ag NTEs would be useful to the development of flexible devices.

6.
ChemSusChem ; 10(15): 3098-3104, 2017 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28661581

RESUMO

Although organic small molecule spiro-OMeTAD is widely used as a hole-transport material in perovskite solar cells, its limited electric conductivity poses a bottleneck in the efficiency improvement of perovskite solar cells. Here, a low-cost and easy-fabrication technique is developed to enhance the conductivity and hole-extraction ability of spiro-OMeTAD by doping it with commercially available benzoyl peroxide (BPO). The experimental results show that the conductivity increases several orders of magnitude, from 6.2×10-6  S cm-1 for the pristine spiro-OMeTAD to 1.1×10-3  S cm-1 at 5 % BPO doping and to 2.4×10-2  S cm-1 at 15 % BPO doping, which considerably outperform the conductivity of 4.62×10-4  S cm-1 for the currently used oxygen-doped spiro-OMeTAD. The fluorescence spectra suggest that the BPO-doped spiro-OMeTAD-OMeTAD layer is able to efficiently extract holes from CH3 NH3 PbI3 and thus greatly enhances the charge transfer. The BPO-doped spiro-OMeTAD is used in the fabrication of perovskite solar cells, which exhibit enhancement in the power conversion efficiency.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Benzoíla/química , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Fluorenos/química , Óxidos/química , Energia Solar , Compostos de Espiro/química , Titânio/química , Eletroquímica
7.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 12(1): 221, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28340531

RESUMO

Flower-like MoS2 nanoparticles (NPs) consist of ultra-thin MoS2 nanosheets are synthesized via a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. The MoS2/ZnO p-n heterostructure is formed by coating n-type ZnO on the surface of flower-like MoS2 NPs through the seed-mediate route and post-annealing treatment. The effects for the dye removal and photocatalytic performances after ZnO coating are systematically investigated. The results demonstrated that the coating of ZnO nanoparticles has a positive promotion to the photodegrading properties while negative effect on the adsorption capacity of the MoS2/ZnO heterostructures. The related mechanisms on the relationship of adsorption capacity and photocatalysis are discussed in detail.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 46(9): 2770-2777, 2017 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28168251

RESUMO

The development of photocatalysts with superior photoactivity and stability for the degradation of organic dyes is very important for environmental remediation. In this study, we have presented a multidimensional (1D and 2D) structured CdS/ZnIn2S4/RGO photocatalyst with superior photocatalytic performance. The CdS/ZnIn2S4 helical dimensional heterostructures (DHS) were prepared via a facile solvothermal synthesis method to facilitate the epitaxial growth of 2D ZnIn2S4 nanosheets on 1D CdS nanowires. Ultrathin 2D ZnIn2S4 nanosheets have grown uniformly and perpendicular to the surface of 1D CdS nanowires. The as-obtained 1D/2D CdS/ZnIn2S4 helical DHS show good photocatalytic properties for malachite green (MG). Subsequently, 2D reduced graphene oxide (RGO) was introduced into the 1D/2D CdS/ZnIn2S4 helical DHS as a co-catalyst. The photoactivity and stability of the CdS/ZnIn2S4/RGO composites are significantly improved after 6 cycles. The enhanced photoactivity can be attributed to the high surface area of RGO, the improved adsorption of organic dyes and the efficient spatial separation of photo-induced charge carriers. The transfer of photo-generated electrons from the interface of CdS and ZnIn2S4 to RGO also restricted the photocorrosion of metal sulfide, suggesting an improved stability of the reused CdS/ZnIn2S4/RGO composited photocatalyst.

9.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 11(1): 412, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27644238

RESUMO

A facile one-step polyol method is employed to synthesize the Ag nanoparticles (NPs) in large scale. The Ag NPs with different average diameter (from 52 to 120 nm) and particle size distribution are prepared by changing the mass ratio of AgNO3 and PVP. Furthermore, the as-obtained Ag NPs are prepared as conductive inks, which could be screen printed on various flexible substrates and formed as conductive patterns after sintering treatment. During the reaction process, PVP is used as the capping reagent for preventing the agglomeration of Ag NPs, and the influence of the mass ratio of AgNO3 and PVP to the size distribution of Ag NPs is investigated. The results of electronic properties reveal that the conductivity of printed patterns is highly dependent on the size distribution of as-obtained Ag NPs. Among all the samples, the optimal conductivity is obtained when the mass ratio of AgNO3 and PVP is 1:0.4. Subsequently, the sintering time and temperature are further investigated for obtaining the best conductivity; the optimal electrical resistivity value of 3.83 µΩ · cm is achieved at 160 °C for 75 min, which is close to the resistivity value of the bulk silver (1.58 µΩ · cm). Significantly, there are many potential advantages in printed electronics applications because of the as-synthesized Ag NPs with a low sintering temperature and low electrical resistivity.

10.
Dalton Trans ; 45(32): 12745-55, 2016 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27461821

RESUMO

Coupling two different semiconductors to form composite photocatalysts is the most significant method for environmental remediation. In this regard, tube-like α-Fe2O3/Ag6Si2O7 heterostructures are synthesized via anchoring p-type Ag6Si2O7 nanoparticles (NPs) on the surface of n-type α-Fe2O3 short nanotubes (SNTs) by conventional wet-chemical routes. α-Fe2O3 SNTs are firstly fabricated by a hydrothermal method with the assistance of dihydrogen phosphate and sulphate. Then, Ag6Si2O7 NPs are anchored on α-Fe2O3 SNTs by an in situ deposition method, and the α-Fe2O3/Ag6Si2O7 p-n heterostructures are finally obtained. The morphologies, crystal structure, photocatalytic performance and photocurrent properties of as-synthesized α-Fe2O3/Ag6Si2O7 heterostructures are investigated. Six organic dyes are used for determining the high-efficiency Z-scheme photocatalytic activities of the as-obtained photocatalysts under ultraviolet and visible light (mercury lamp, 300 W). Compared with pure α-Fe2O3 SNTs, the photocurrent intensity of the α-Fe2O3/Ag6Si2O7 heterostructures is improved 62 times. The enhanced significant photocatalytic performance of α-Fe2O3/Ag6Si2O7 heterostructures could be attributed to charge transfer between Ag6Si2O7 NPs and the charge separation between Ag6Si2O7 NPs and α-Fe2O3 SNTs. These composite heterostructures are proposed to be an example for the preparation of other composite silicate photocatalysts for practical application in environmental remediation issues.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 6(23): 20585-9, 2014 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25405518

RESUMO

Suitable electrode interfacial layers are essential to the high performance of perovskite planar heterojunction solar cells. In this letter, we report magnetron sputtered zinc oxide (ZnO) film as the cathode interlayer for methylammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) perovskite solar cell. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis demonstrate that the sputtered ZnO films consist of c-axis aligned nanorods. The solar cells based on this ZnO cathode interlayer showed high short circuit current and power conversion efficiency. Besides, the performance of the device is insensitive to the thickness of ZnO cathode interlayer. Considering the high reliability and maturity of sputtering technique both in lab and industry, we believe that the sputtered ZnO films are promising cathode interlayers for perovskite solar cells, especially in large-scale production.

12.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 9(1): 442, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25221462

RESUMO

Understanding the correlation between physicochemical properties and morphology of nanostructures is a prerequisite for widespread applications of nanomaterials in environmental application areas. Herein, we illustrated that the uniform-sized SnO2@C hollow nanoparticles were large-scale synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method. The size of the core-shell hollow nanoparticles was about 56 nm, and the shell was composed of a solid carbon layer with a thickness of 2 ~ 3 nm. The resulting products were characterized in terms of morphology, composition, and surface property by various analytical techniques. Moreover, the SnO2@C hollow nanoparticles are shown to be effective adsorbents for removing four different dyes from aqueous solutions, which is superior to the pure hollow SnO2 nanoparticles and commercial SnO2. The enhanced mechanism has also been discussed, which can be attributed to the high specific surface areas after carbon coating.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 6(15): 13088-97, 2014 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24991983

RESUMO

Heterogeneous photocatalysis is of great interest for environmental remediation applications. However, fast recombination of photogenerated electron-hole pair and a low utilization rate of sunlight hinder the commercialization of currently available semiconductor photocatalysts. In this regard, we developed a unique ternary single core-double shell heterostructure that consists of α-Fe2O3@SnO2@Cu2O. This heterostructure exhibits a tube-like morphology possessing broad spectral response for the sunlight due to the combination of narrow bandgap and wide bandgap semiconductors forming a p-n heterojunction. To fabricate such a short nanotube (SNT), we used an anion-assisted hydrothermal route for deposition of α-Fe2O3, a seed-mediated deposition strategy for SnO2, and finally an aging process to deposit a Cu2O layer to complete the tube-like ternary α-Fe2O3@SnO2@Cu2O single core-double shell heterostructures. The morphology, composition, and photocatalytic properties of those ternary core-shell-shell heterostructures were characterized by various analytical techniques. These ternary heterostructures exhibited enhanced photocatalytic properties on the photodegradation of the organic dye of Rhodamine B (RhB) under simulated sunlight irradiation. The origin of enhanced photocatalytic activity is due to the synergistic effect of broad spectral response by combining narrow bandgap and wide bandgap semiconductors and, hence, an efficient charge separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs facilitated through the p-n heterojunction. Furthermore, our unique structure provides an insight on the fabrication and controlled preparation of multilayer heterostructural photocatalysts that have intriguing properties.

14.
Molecules ; 13(4): 948-57, 2008 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18463597

RESUMO

Furfural was oxidized to furoic acid by molecular oxygen under catalysis by 150 nm-sized Ag(2)O/CuO (92%) or simply CuO (86.6%). When 30 nm-size catalyst was used,the main product was a furfural Diels-Alder adduct. Detailed reaction conditions and regeneration of catalysts were investigated. Under optimal conditions, a series of aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes were oxidized to the corresponding acids in good yields.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Cobre/química , Óxidos/química , Oxigênio/química , Compostos de Prata/química , Catálise , Furanos/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Espectrometria de Massas , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Oxirredução , Tamanho da Partícula , Temperatura Ambiente , Fatores de Tempo , Difração de Raios X
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