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1.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 97(11): 1535-1545, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463732

RESUMO

RNA methylation is emerging as an important regulator of gene expression. Dysregulation of methyltransferase that is essential for RNA modification contributes to the development and progression of human cancers. Here we show that methyltransferase-like 1 (METTL1) is upregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and exhibits oncogenic activities via PTEN/AKT signaling pathway. High expression of METTL1 is correlated with larger tumor size, higher serum AFP level, tumor vascular invasion, and poor prognosis in two independent cohorts containing 892 patients with HCC. Multivariate analyses suggest METTL1 as an independent factor for unfavorable overall survival. In vitro studies demonstrate that METTL1 overexpression promotes cell proliferation and migration, whereas its knockdown results in opposite phenotypes. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) indicates PTEN pathway is activated in patients with low METTL1 expression. Ectopic expression of PTEN or inhibition of AKT activity significantly attenuates the METTL1-mediated malignant phenotypes. In clinical samples, METTL1 expression is reversely associated with PTEN expression. Combination of low METTL1 expression and high PTEN expression is significantly correlated with overall survival, more so than either METTL1 or PTEN expression alone. Collectively, our data suggest that METTL1 serves as a promising prognostic biomarker and that targeting METTL1/PTEN axis may provide therapeutic potential in HCC intervention. KEY MESSAGES: METTL1 is upregulated in HCC and correlated with poor outcomes. METTL1 promotes cell proliferation and migration in HCC. METTL1 exerts oncogenic activities via suppression of PTEN signaling.

2.
Oncol Lett ; 18(3): 3072-3080, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452784

RESUMO

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are unusual and aggressive malignant soft-tissue tumors that comprise 5-10% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. Approximately 50% of MPNST cases are associated with neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF-1). As a rare MPNST subset, the epithelioid variant of MPNST (eMPNST) is histologically characterized by the predominant presence of epithelioid tumor cells, and accounts for <5% of all MPNSTs. In addition, eMPNST is rarely associated with NF-1 when compared with conventional MPNST. Although extensive clinicopathological studies have been conducted on eMPNST, clinicians face difficulty when attempting to make an accurate diagnosis. Subsequently, the biological consequences, including recurrence, metastasis and mortality rate in patients with eMPNST remain unclear. The current study presents the case of a 71-year-old woman with eMPNST and a family history of NF-1 in whom tumors had recurred twice on the lower back. A literature search for eMPNSTs was conducted by browsing PubMed and MEDLINE for English-language articles, as well as references from review articles, and revealed 129 published cases. Only 5 cases of eMPNST were associated with NF-1. The studies were retrospectively reviewed and the clinicopathological data of the patients, including tumor site, treatment, follow-up, prognosis, and immunohistochemical positivity were collected.

4.
Mol Cancer ; 17(1): 117, 2018 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30089483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Deregulation of microtubules and centrosome integrity is response for the initiation and progression of human cancers. Sperm-associated antigen 5 (SPAG5) is essential for the spindle apparatus organization and chromosome segregation, but its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains undefined. METHODS: The expression of SPAG5 in HCC were examined in a large cohort of patients by RT-PCR, western blot and IHC. The clinical significance of SPAG5 was next determined by statistical analyses. The biological function of SPAG5 in HCC and the underlying mechanisms were investigated, using in vitro and in vivo models. RESULTS: Here, we demonstrated that SPAG5 exhibited pro-HCC activities via the activation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. SPAG5 expression was increased in HCC and correlated with poor outcomes in two independent cohorts containing 670 patients. High SPAG5 expression was associated with poor tumor differentiation, larger tumor size, advanced TNM stage, tumor vascular invasion and lymph node metastasis. In vitro and in vivo data showed that SPAG5 overexpression promoted tumor growth and metastasis, whereas SPAG5 knockdown led to the opposite phenotypes. SPAG5 interacted with centrosomal protein CEP55 to trigger the phosphorylation of AKT at Ser473. Inhibition of PI3K/AKT signaling markedly attenuated SPAG5-mediated cell growth. Furthermore, SPAG5 expression was suppressed by miR-363-3p which inhibited the activity of SPAG5 mRNA 3'UTR. Ectopic expression of SPAG5 partly abolished the miR-363-3p-caused cell cycle arrest and suppression of cell proliferation and migration. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these findings indicate that SPAG5 serves a promising prognostic factor in HCC and functions as an oncogene via CEP55-mediated PI3K/AKT pathway. The newly identified miR-363-3p/SPAG5/CEP55 axis may represent a potential therapeutic target for the clinical intervention of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Transplante de Neoplasias , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Sobrevida
5.
Transl Oncol ; 11(5): 1110-1118, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30031230

RESUMO

Dysregulation of chromobox proteins contributes to the progression of human diseases. CBX1 has been implicated in epigenetic control of chromatin structure and gene expression, but its role in human cancers remains largely unknown. Here we show that CBX1 exhibits oncogenic activities in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and indicates poor outcomes. The expression of CBX1 was noticeably increased, at both mRNA and protein levels, in HCC tissues and cell lines, compared with the nontumorous ones. High CBX1 expression was significantly associated with larger tumor size, poor tumor differentiation and tumor vascular invasion. Patients with elevated expression of CBX1 were frequently accompanied with unfavorable overall and disease-free survivals in two independent cohorts consisting of 648 HCC cases. The prognostic value of CBX1 was further confirmed by stratified survival analyses. Multivariate cox regression model suggested CBX1 as an independent factor for overall survival (hazard ratio = 1.735, 95% confident interval: 1.342-2.244, P < .001). In vitro data demonstrated that CBX1 overexpression promoted cell proliferation and migration, whereas the knockdown of CBX1 resulted in the opposite phenotypes. Mechanistically, CBX1 interacted with transcription factor HMGA2 to activate the Wnt/ß-Catenin signaling pathway. Suppression of ß-Catenin by siRNA or specific inhibitor XAV-939 markedly attenuated CBX1-mediated cell growth. Collectively, our findings indicate that CBX1 functions as an oncogene and may serve as a potential prognostic biomarker in HCC.

6.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 95: 1-8, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29229426

RESUMO

Polycomb chromobox (CBX) proteins are involved in gene silencing to function as oncogenes or tumor suppressors through the polycomb repressive complex (PRC1). CBX4 has been implicated in the progression of human cancers, but its role and clinical significance in breast cancer remain unclear. Here, we show that CBX4 is up-regulated in breast cancer and exerts oncogenic activities via miR-137-mediated activation of Notch1 signaling pathway. CBX4 expression was increased in breast cancer, compared with the nontumorous tissues. High CBX4 expression was closely correlated with tumor metastasis, advanced clinical stage and poor overall survival in a cohort of 179 patients with breast cancer. In vitro studies demonstrated that CBX4 overexpression enhanced, whereas CBX4 knockdown inhibited cell growth and migration. Mechanistically, in a PRC1-dependent manner, CBX4 inhibited the promoter activity of miR-137 and suppressed its expression. miR-137 decreased the expression of Notch1, Jag1 and Hey2 via targeting their 3'-UTRs. The suppression of Notch1 by siRNA or overexpression of miR-137 markedly attenuated CBX4-promoted phenotypes. Collectively, these findings indicate that CBX4 promotes breast cancer via miR-137-mediated Notch1 signaling. Our data, therefore, suggest that CBX4 serve as a prognostic biomarker and that targeting CBX4/miR-137 axis may provide therapeutic potent in the treatment of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Mama/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ligases/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas do Grupo Polycomb/metabolismo , Receptor Notch1/agonistas , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Mama/enzimologia , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Ligases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ligases/genética , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Gradação de Tumores , Proteínas de Neoplasias/agonistas , Proteínas de Neoplasias/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Transplante de Neoplasias , Proteínas do Grupo Polycomb/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas do Grupo Polycomb/genética , Interferência de RNA , RNA Neoplásico/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Neoplásico/metabolismo , Receptor Notch1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor Notch1/genética , Receptor Notch1/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Análise de Sobrevida , Carga Tumoral
7.
J Cell Sci ; 130(18): 3108-3115, 2017 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28754688

RESUMO

Deregulation of ubiquitin ligases contributes to the malignant progression of human cancers. Tripartite motif-containing protein 65 (TRIM65) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase and has been implicated in human diseases, but its role and clinical significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unknown. Here, we showed that TRIM65 expression was increased in HCC tissues and associated with poor outcome in two independent cohorts containing 888 patients. In vitro and in vivo data demonstrated that overexpression of TRIM65 promoted cell growth and tumor metastasis, whereas knockdown of TRIM65 resulted in opposite phenotypes. Further studies revealed that TRIM65 exerted oncogenic activities via ubiquitylation of Axin1 to activate the ß-catenin signaling pathway. TRIM65 directly bound to Axin1 and accelerated its degradation through ubiquitylation. Furthermore, HMGA1 was identified as an upstream regulator of TRIM65 in HCC cells. In clinical samples, TRIM65 expression was positively correlated with the expression of HMGA1 and nuclear ß-catenin. Collectively, our data indicate that TRIM65 functions as an oncogene in HCC. The newly identified HMGA1/TRIM65/ß-catenin axis serves as a promising prognostic factor and therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Proteína Axina/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Metástase Neoplásica , Transcrição Genética , Resultado do Tratamento , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
8.
Oncotarget ; 8(29): 47195-47205, 2017 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28525379

RESUMO

Deregulation of serine/threonine kinase contributes to the development and progression of human diseases. PDZ-binding kinase (PBK) has been implicated in the malignant process of cancers, but its role and clinical significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. Here we show that PBK expression is increased and associated with larger tumor size, presence of vascular invasion, lymph node metastasis and poor overall and disease-free survivals in two independent cohorts of 879 patients with HCC. In vitro and in vivo data demonstrate PBK exerts oncogenic functions in HCC via activation of ß-Catenin signaling pathway. The inhibition of ß-Catenin by siRNAs or XAV-939 significantly attenuates PBK-mediated malignant phenotypes. PBK is further identified as a downstream effector of FoxM1. In clinical samples, PBK expression is positively correlated with the expression of FoxM1 and nuclear ß-Catenin. Collectively, these findings suggest PBK functions as an oncogene in HCC and the newly identified FoxM1/PBK/ß-Catenin axis serves as a promising prognostic factor as well as therapeutic intervention for HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proteína Forkhead Box M1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Transdução de Sinais , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Oncogenes , Transcrição Genética , Carga Tumoral
9.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 473(4): 1163-1169, 2016 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27073163

RESUMO

DEAH-box helicase 33 (DHX33) has been implicated in ribosome biogenesis, mRNA translation and inflammation. However, the role of DHX33 in human cancer is rarely studied. Here, we showed that DHX33 expression was significantly increased in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), compared with the adjacent nontumorous tissues. In a cohort of 520 patients, DHX33 expression in HCC was closely associated with tumor size (P = 0.007), serum AFP level (P = 0.011), and tumor capsule (P = 0.030). Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated high DHX33 expression was correlated with worse overall and disease-free survival, and higher recurrence rate. The prognostic value of DHX33 was further confirmed by stratified survival analysis. Multivariate analysis revealed DHX33 as an independent prognostic factor for poor overall survival (Hazard Ratio = 1.772, 95% confident interval: 1.451-2.165, P < 0.0001). Our data therefore suggest DHX33 is overexpressed in HCC and serves as a promising prognostic biomarker for this deadly disease.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , China/epidemiologia , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prevalência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Regulação para Cima
10.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 34(7): 595-9, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23906453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the genotype of α and ß-globin, as well as the polymorphism of ß-globin gene in Cantonese in recent years, and to provide an effective genetic diagnosis for thalassemia (thal). METHODS: The single-tube complex PCR was used to detect 3 types of deletional α-thal, reverse dot blotting (RDB)/PCR to detect 3 kinds of undeletional α-thal-αCS, αQS, αWSand 18 kinds of ß-thal mutations which were common in Chinese population. A total of 454 cases from Guangdong were undergone thal genotype genetic diagnosis. Among the 454 cases, 142 cases were selected to perform the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) analysis of ß- globin gene by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC)combining the whole gene sequencing. RESULTS: Of the 454 cases, 438 were diagnosed as thalassemia, including 246 of α-thal, 164 of ß-thal and 28 of αß-thal. In 246 α-thal cases, deletions were the dominant mutations, including 197 cases of αα/--(SEA), 20 of αα/-α(3.7) and 9 of αα/-α(4.2). In 164 ß- thal cases, heterozygotes accounted for 92.7% (152/164), the main genotypes were CD41- 42, IVS-II-654, ï¹£28 and CD17, and the dual heterozygotes and homozygotes accounted for 4.9% (8/164) and 2.4% (4/164), respectively. The result of ß-globin gene screening by DHPLC combining with sequencing was consistent with that of RDB. Moreover, we also found 9 kinds of SNP, in which 2 were unreported, the IVS-I-13 G> A and IVS-II- 310 T>C. In the tested samples, the frequency of 4 kinds SNP was high, among which 3 kinds SNPs-rs713040, rs10768683 and rs1609812 were carried together. CONCLUSION: The dominant genotypes were αα/--(SEA) in α-thal cases, CD41-42, IVS-II-654, -28 and CD17 in ß-thal. The frequency of ß-thal heterozygotes, homozygotes and αß-thal is high. DHPLC combining the whole ß-globin gene sequencing can effectively detect the common ß-thal mutation and even new mutations or SNPs. In Cantonese, the frequency of SNP rs713040, rs10768683, rs7480526 and rs1609812 of ß-globin gene was high, and there may exist genetic linkage between rs713040, rs10768683 and rs1609812.


Assuntos
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Talassemia alfa/genética , Globinas beta/genética , Talassemia beta/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Talassemia alfa/epidemiologia , Talassemia beta/epidemiologia
11.
BMC Cancer ; 7: 38, 2007 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17335582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary small cell carcinoma (SCC) of the esophagus is a rare and aggressive tumor with poor prognosis. In this study, we report the clinicopathological characteristics of 21 cases of small cell carcinoma of the esophagus treated at the Cancer Center of Sun Yat-Sen University, with particular focus on the histologic and immunohistochemical findings. METHODS: Twenty-one patient records were reviewed including presenting symptoms, demographics, disease stage, treatment, and follow-up. Histologic features were observed and immunohistochemical detection of cytokeratin (CK), epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), neuron specific enolase (NSE), synaptophysin (Syn), chromogranin A (CgA), neuronal cell adhesion molecules (CD56), thyroid transcriptional factor-1 (TTF-1) and S100 protein (S100) was performed. RESULTS: The median age of patients in the study was 56 years, with a male-to-female ratio of 3.2:1. Histologically, there were 19 "homogenous" SCC esophageal samples and 2 samples comprised of SCC and well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. The percentages of SCC samples with positive immunoreactivity were Syn 95.2%, CD56 76.2%, TTF-1 71.4%, NSE 61.9%, CgA 61.9%, CK 57.1%, EMA 61.9%, and S100 19.0%, respectively. The median patient survival time was 18.3 months after diagnosis. The 2-year survival rate was 28.6%. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that esophageal SCC has similar histology to SCC that arises in the lung compartment, and Chinese patients have a poor prognosis. Higher proportion of positive labeling of Syn, CD56, CgA, NSE, and TTF-1 in esophageal SCC implicate that they are valuably applied in differential diagnosis of the malignancy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/química , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/química , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 35(7): 407-11, 2006 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17069676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the expression of nucleophosmin/B23 (B23) in tumor cells of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its clinicopathologic significance. METHODS: Mouse monoclonal antibodies against B23 were raised by recombinant protein and hybridoma technology. Immunohistochemical study for B23 was performed on 103 cases of HCC, 12 cases of focal nodular hyperplasia and 17 cases of native liver tissue adjacent to hepatic hemangioma. Fresh specimens from 10 cases of HCC and the adjacent liver tissue were also collected for reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot analysis. The expression of B23 was analyzed and compared with that of proliferative cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in these specimens. RESULTS: RT-PCR and Western blot analysis showed that B23 expression in HCC was higher than that in adjacent liver tissue. Statistically significant difference in expressions of B23 and PCNA were also noted in the four groups studied (P < 0.01). B23 and PCNA expressions in HCC were higher than those in the other three groups (P < 0.01). There was also a statistically significant correlation between B23 and PCNA expressions amongst the four groups (r = 0.4769, P < 0.01). Besides, B23 expression in HCC correlated with pathologic tumor grading, serum alpha-fetal protein levels and cirrhotic status (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: B23 expression in HCC was significantly higher than that in liver tissues with non-malignant diseases. B23 may be used as a marker for neoplastic changes in liver cells and thus has potential clinicopathologic application.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas Nucleares/biossíntese , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Hiperplasia Nodular Focal do Fígado/genética , Hiperplasia Nodular Focal do Fígado/metabolismo , Hiperplasia Nodular Focal do Fígado/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
13.
Ai Zheng ; 24(9): 1140-3, 2005 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16159442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Small cell carcinoma is a rare malignant disease with high mortality, which is pathologically diagnosed by using routine neuroendocrinal markers, such as neuron-specific enolase (NSE), synaptophysin (SYN), chromogranin A (CgA). This study was to investigate the expression of CD56, a neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM), in small cell carcinoma tissues, and to explore the possibility of CD56 as a diagnostic marker of small cell carcinoma. METHODS: Eighty samples of small cell carcinoma were collected, including 42 samples of small cell lung carcinoma (with 20 cases of lymph node metastases), 21 samples of small cell esophageal carcinoma, and 17 samples of small cell colorectal carcinoma. Thirty-eight samples of non-small cell lung cancer (with 28 cases of lymph node metastases), including 26 samples of squamous cell carcinoma and 12 samples of adenocarcinoma, were used as control. All samples were detected using markers of CD56, NSE, SYN, CgA, cytokeratin (CK), and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) immunohistochemically. RESULTS: Positive rate of CD56 was significantly higher in either small cell lung carcinoma or their metastatic lymph nodes than in either non-small cell lung carcinoma or their metastatic lymph nodes [90.5% (38/42) vs. 7.8% (3/38), 90.0% (18/20) vs. 3.5% (1/28); H=85.731, P<0.001]. Positive rate of CD56 in small cell carcinoma samples (86.3%, 69/80) were significantly higher than those of SYN (78.8%, 63/80), CgA (73.8%, 59/80), EMA (66.3%, 53/80), CK (61.3%, 49/80), and NSE (56.3%, 45/80) (H=38.871, P<0.001). Positive rate of CD56 in small cell lung carcinoma (90.5%, 38/42) was similar to those in small cell esophageal carcinoma (81.0%, 17/21) and small cell colorectal carcinoma (82.4%, 14/17) (H=1.651, P=0.438). CONCLUSIONS: CD56 is highly expressed in either small cell carcinoma or their metastatic lymph nodes without organ-specificity. It could serve as a potential diagnostic marker of small cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Antígeno CD56/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/patologia , Cromogranina A/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Queratinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Mucina-1/metabolismo , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/metabolismo , Sinaptofisina/metabolismo
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 21(5): 448-51, 2004 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15476167

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studying on G6PD polymorphism from Hakka population in Guangdong province. METHODS: Identifying the variants of G6PD gene and determining the frequencies respectively with the use of amplified refractory mutation system(ARMS), polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism(PCR-SSCP) and ABI 3100 DNA sequencing technologies. RESULTS: Mutations of G6PD gene in cDNA 1388 (G-->A), 1376 (G-->T), 95 (A-->G), 392 (G-->T), 1024 (C-->T), 1311 (C-->T) have been found. CONCLUSION: G6PD cDNA 1388 (G-->A), 1376 (G-->T), 95(A--> G), 392 (G-->T), 1024 (C-->T) and 1311 (C-->T) accompanied with intron 11 (93 T-->C) are the common mutations in Chinese population. cDNA 1388 (G-->A), cDNA 1376 (G-->T) are the most popular G6PD gene variants in Hakka population. In this study, no new type of G6PD gene mutation was found in the Hakkas of Guangdong.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/genética , Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , China , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/etnologia , Humanos , Íntrons , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 25(10): 610-2, 2004 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15634595

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between complex 1311 mutation of C-->T in exon 11 and 93 T-->C in intron 11 of G6PD gene and the G6PD deficiency. METHODS: Using NBT paper strip method to screen and quantitative NBT method to confirm G6PD deficiency. PCR-SSCP technique was used to find the abnormal exon 11 and the amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) to identify 1311 mutation, and DNA sequencing to identify the complex mutation at 1311 in exon 11 and 93 in intron 11. RESULTS: Abnormal band in exon 11 was found in 12 cases. DNA sequencing showed that they were 1311 mutation together with 93 mutation. CONCLUSION: This complex mutation may be the cause of reduced activity of G6PD enzyme.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/genética , Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/genética , Mutação Puntual , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Sequência de Bases , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Éxons/genética , Testes Genéticos , Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/enzimologia , Humanos , Íntrons/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo Conformacional de Fita Simples
16.
Yi Chuan ; 25(6): 649-51, 2003 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15639951

RESUMO

-alpha3.7 is a common deletional alpha-thalassemia-2 in China. According to different recombination sites,-alpha3.7 can be divided into -alpha3.7I,-alpha3.7IIand -alpha3.7III. The frequency and population distribution of these -alpha3.7 are quite different. In this study,we detected 56 patients among Chinese population of -alpha3.7 defect in alpha globin gene by PCR method, then the PCR product was digested by the restriction enzyme ApalI and BalI. The sub-typing result shows that in the 56 cases of -alpha3.7 defect,54 out of 56 is -alpha3.7I,2 out of 56 is -alpha3.7II and none of -alpha3.7III is detected. This result enriches the data about the alpha thalassemia genotypes of Chinese people.

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