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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5465, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526500

RESUMO

Peptide-protein interactions are involved in various fundamental cellular functions and their identification is crucial for designing efficacious peptide therapeutics. Recently, a number of computational methods have been developed to predict peptide-protein interactions. However, most of the existing prediction approaches heavily depend on high-resolution structure data. Here, we present a deep learning framework for multi-level peptide-protein interaction prediction, called CAMP, including binary peptide-protein interaction prediction and corresponding peptide binding residue identification. Comprehensive evaluation demonstrated that CAMP can successfully capture the binary interactions between peptides and proteins and identify the binding residues along the peptides involved in the interactions. In addition, CAMP outperformed other state-of-the-art methods on binary peptide-protein interaction prediction. CAMP can serve as a useful tool in peptide-protein interaction prediction and identification of important binding residues in the peptides, which can thus facilitate the peptide drug discovery process.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Aprendizado Profundo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Modelos Moleculares , Peptídeos/química , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Proteínas/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 165, 2021 04 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895786

RESUMO

The global spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) requires an urgent need to find effective therapeutics for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this study, we developed an integrative drug repositioning framework, which fully takes advantage of machine learning and statistical analysis approaches to systematically integrate and mine large-scale knowledge graph, literature and transcriptome data to discover the potential drug candidates against SARS-CoV-2. Our in silico screening followed by wet-lab validation indicated that a poly-ADP-ribose polymerase 1 (PARP1) inhibitor, CVL218, currently in Phase I clinical trial, may be repurposed to treat COVID-19. Our in vitro assays revealed that CVL218 can exhibit effective inhibitory activity against SARS-CoV-2 replication without obvious cytopathic effect. In addition, we showed that CVL218 can interact with the nucleocapsid (N) protein of SARS-CoV-2 and is able to suppress the LPS-induced production of several inflammatory cytokines that are highly relevant to the prevention of immunopathology induced by SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/metabolismo , Simulação por Computador , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Modelos Biológicos , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Humanos
3.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 17(3): e1008842, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33770074

RESUMO

Translation elongation is regulated by a series of complicated mechanisms in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Although recent advance in ribosome profiling techniques has enabled one to capture the genome-wide ribosome footprints along transcripts at codon resolution, the regulatory codes of elongation dynamics are still not fully understood. Most of the existing computational approaches for modeling translation elongation from ribosome profiling data mainly focus on local contextual patterns, while ignoring the continuity of the elongation process and relations between ribosome densities of remote codons. Modeling the translation elongation process in full-length coding sequence (CDS) level has not been studied to the best of our knowledge. In this paper, we developed a deep learning based approach with a multi-input and multi-output framework, named RiboMIMO, for modeling the ribosome density distributions of full-length mRNA CDS regions. Through considering the underlying correlations in translation efficiency among neighboring and remote codons and extracting hidden features from the input full-length coding sequence, RiboMIMO can greatly outperform the state-of-the-art baseline approaches and accurately predict the ribosome density distributions along the whole mRNA CDS regions. In addition, RiboMIMO explores the contributions of individual input codons to the predictions of output ribosome densities, which thus can help reveal important biological factors influencing the translation elongation process. The analyses, based on our interpretable metric named codon impact score, not only identified several patterns consistent with the previously-published literatures, but also for the first time (to the best of our knowledge) revealed that the codons located at a long distance from the ribosomal A site may also have an association on the translation elongation rate. This finding of long-range impact on translation elongation velocity may shed new light on the regulatory mechanisms of protein synthesis. Overall, these results indicated that RiboMIMO can provide a useful tool for studying the regulation of translation elongation in the range of full-length CDS.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Aprendizado Profundo , Modelos Genéticos , Elongação Traducional da Cadeia Peptídica/genética , Ribossomos , Códon/genética , Códon/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , RNA Mensageiro/química , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ribossomos/genética , Ribossomos/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética
5.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(7): 3719-3734, 2021 04 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744973

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most pervasive modification in eukaryotic mRNAs. Numerous biological processes are regulated by this critical post-transcriptional mark, such as gene expression, RNA stability, RNA structure and translation. Recently, various experimental techniques and computational methods have been developed to characterize the transcriptome-wide landscapes of m6A modification for understanding its underlying mechanisms and functions in mRNA regulation. However, the experimental techniques are generally costly and time-consuming, while the existing computational models are usually designed only for m6A site prediction in a single-species and have significant limitations in accuracy, interpretability and generalizability. Here, we propose a highly interpretable computational framework, called MASS, based on a multi-task curriculum learning strategy to capture m6A features across multiple species simultaneously. Extensive computational experiments demonstrate the superior performances of MASS when compared to the state-of-the-art prediction methods. Furthermore, the contextual sequence features of m6A captured by MASS can be explained by the known critical binding motifs of the related RNA-binding proteins, which also help elucidate the similarity and difference among m6A features across species. In addition, based on the predicted m6A profiles, we further delineate the relationships between m6A and various properties of gene regulation, including gene expression, RNA stability, translation, RNA structure and histone modification. In summary, MASS may serve as a useful tool for characterizing m6A modification and studying its regulatory code. The source code of MASS can be downloaded from https://github.com/mlcb-thu/MASS.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Aprendizado de Máquina , RNA/química , Adenosina/química , Animais , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Software , Transcriptoma
6.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 112, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32184722

RESUMO

Synthetic lethality (SL), an important type of genetic interaction, can provide useful insight into the target identification process for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Although several well-established SL gene pairs have been verified to be conserved in humans, most SL interactions remain cell-line specific. Here, we demonstrated that the cell-line-specific gene expression profiles derived from the shRNA perturbation experiments performed in the LINCS L1000 project can provide useful features for predicting SL interactions in human. In this paper, we developed a semi-supervised neural network-based method called EXP2SL to accurately identify SL interactions from the L1000 gene expression profiles. Through a systematic evaluation on the SL datasets of three different cell lines, we demonstrated that our model achieved better performance than the baseline methods and verified the effectiveness of using the L1000 gene expression features and the semi-supervise training technique in SL prediction.

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