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1.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(10): 886-891, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565115

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics, imaging findings, laboratory tests and treatment strategies for Chlamydia psittaci pneumonia. Methods: From January 1, 2019 to January 20, 2021, 48 cases of Psittacosis from 11 hospitals in China were diagnosed via metagenomic next-generation sequencing(mNGS). The data of all patients on occupational history, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, chest computed tomography(CT)findings, treatment outcomes and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 48 patients, there were 29 males and 19 females, with a mean age of (57.1±10.3) years. Thirty patients had a confirmed history of exposure to poultry. The onset to admission interval was (6.5±3.2) days, and hospital stay was (12.4±4.8) days. Clinical manifestations included fever (100%, 48/48), relative bradycardia (71%, 34/48), cough (54.2%, 26/48), sputum (27.1%, 13/48), fatigue (16.7%, 8/48), headache and delirium (20.8%, 9/48), and gastrointestinal symptoms (16.7%, 8/48). Laboratory data showed that white blood cells were (8.0±3.8)×109/L, and the proportion of neutrophils increased in 44 patients. The level of C-reactive protein was (155.3±74.1)mg/L, and that of procalcitonin (PCT)in 59.5% of patients was more than 0.5 µg/L. Percentages of patients with increased lactate dehydrogenase and creatine kinase were 82.9% and 45.2%, respectively. Chest CT scans showed unilateral lung involvement in 34 cases(70.8%) and single lobe involvement in 27 cases(56.3%).The most common imaging change was consolidation, with 38 cases (79.2%) showing lobar consolidation. In terms of treatment, 25 patients were treated with fluoroquinolones alone, 6 patients with doxycycline alone, and 13 patients with combined treatment. The combined-treatment group and the doxycycline alone group were similar in the course of defervescence. The combined treatment group and the doxycycline alone group were both superior to the fluoroquinolones alone group. However, 11 patients were admitted to ICU, all of them received artificial ventilation, and 5 cases developed shock, and one died. Conclusions: Chlamydia psittaci pneumonia is an animal-derived infectious disease with unique features in clinical symptoms, laboratory tests and chest imaging. Appropriate treatment is able to significantly shorten the course of disease and improve the prognosis.


Assuntos
Chlamydophila psittaci , Pneumonia , Psitacose , Idoso , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Tosse , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psitacose/diagnóstico por imagem , Psitacose/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 811-813, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393251

RESUMO

With the continuous development of kidney transplantation technique, the survival time after kidney transplantation is gradually prolonged. Thus, the malignant tumor has been the important influencing factor on the long-term survival for kidney transplantation patients. Renal cell carcinoma is a relatively common tumor after kidney transplantation. Besides, clear cell renal cell carcinoma and papillary renal cell carcinoma are the relatively common pathological types for renal cell carcinoma following kidney transplantation. However, bilateral renal cell carcinoma following kidney transplantation is comparatively rare. In this article, we presented a case of bilateral papillary renal cell carcinoma, which occurred after kidney transplantation. And the diagnosis and treatment were introduced in detail. The patient was 37 years old, and he underwent kidney transplantation 13 years ago in our hospital, because of kidney failure. After kidney transplantation, he had regular medical check-up every year. In this year, his urological ultrasound results indicated bilateral renal tumors. And then, he received abdominal and pelvic computed tomography, and the result also showed bilateral renal tumors, which were likely to be malignant tumors. After adequate consultation, the patient chose surgical treatment. The patient received long-term immunosuppressive therapy, because of kidney transplantation. Considering this, the surgeon decided to choose a staging surgical treatment, in order to reduce the bad influence of one-stage surgery. Then, the patient first underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for right renal tumor in our hospital, and he had no complications after operation. The pathological results showed papillary renal cell carcinoma. He was discharged successfully. He underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for left renal tumor in our hospital one month later, and he had no complications after operation. The pathological results also showed papillary renal cell carcinoma. He was discharged successfully two days after surgery. In the 3-month follow-up, the patient was recovering well. To sum up, the incidence of bilateral renal cell carcinoma following kidney transplantation is relatively rare, and bilateral radical nephrectomy is effective and safe treatment. Above all, it is the patient's condition that determines the choice of staging surgery or simultaneous surgery.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Transplante de Rim , Adulto , Carcinoma de Células Renais/etiologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Humanos , Rim , Neoplasias Renais/etiologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Nefrectomia
3.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 387-392, 2021 May 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902223

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the etiology of epilepsy onset before 6 months old and improve clinical understanding. Methods: The medical history, electroencephalogram, brain imaging, genetic examination and other clinical data of 340 patients who were diagnosed with epilepsy with onset under 6 months of age and were hospitalized in the Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University between January 2017 and December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Rank sum test was used to compare the ages of onset of different etiologic groups. Results: Of the 340 patients, 196 were males and 144 were females. The age of onset was 90.5 (48.0, 135.5) days. In the 250 (73.5%) underwent genetic test, 103 (41.2%) had pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants, involving 43 single gene variants and 2 chromosomal abnormalities. Seventy-nine patients (23.2%) had genetic etiology, 66 (19.4%) had structural etiology, 19 (5.6%) had metabolic etiology, 13 (3.8%) had multiple etiologies, and 163 (47.9%) had unknown etiology. In the 79 cases with genetic etiology, 30 single gene variants were detected, including 19 cases of PRRT2, 10 cases of KCNQ2, 7 cases of SCN1A, 6 cases of SCN2A, 6 cases of STXBP1, 5 cases of CDKL5, 2 cases of ARX, and 1 case of each of 23 gene variants. Two cases had chromosomal abnormalities which were 21-trisomy and 16p11.2 microdeletion syndrome respectively. Among the 66 cases with structural etiologies, 37 cases had acquired factors such as perinatal brain injury, 28 cases had congenital factors such as cortical malformation and 1 case was perinatal brain injury combined megalencephaly. The onset age of genetic etiology was 95 (26, 128) days, that of structural etiology was 90 (58, 30) days, and that of metabolic etiology was 57 (30, 90) days. The onset age of metabolic etiology was earlier than that of structural etiology (U=436.500, P=0.044). Conclusions: Genetic etiology is the most common defined etiology of infants with early-onset epilepsy aged 0-6 months, and there are certain differences in the age of onset between different etiologies. Proper application of genetic test is helpful to identify the etiology and guide treatment.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Espasmos Infantis , Epilepsia/etiologia , Epilepsia/genética , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espasmos Infantis/etiologia , Espasmos Infantis/genética
4.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(2): 119-124, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548958

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the phenotypes and genotypes of molybdenum cofactor deficiency type B (MoCD-B) manifested as Leigh-like syndrome. Methods: The clinical data, laboratory tests, neuroimaging and gene results of one patient diagnosed as MoCD-B at Beijing Children's Hospital and Hebei Children's Hospital in December 2018 were collected. Related literature was searched and reviewed at Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and PubMed (up to September 2020) by using terms "MOCS2" "molybdenum cofactor deficiency" "Leigh-like syndrome,MOCS2" "molybdenum cofactor deficiency, Leigh-like syndrome". The phenotypes and genotypes of MoCD-B were summarized. Results: A 7 months and 14 days old boy with the chief complaint of "cough for 6 days, abnormal posture for 4 days and fever for 2 days" was admitted to Hebei Children' Hospital on December 2018. His abnormal posture presented as opisthotonos accompanied with dysphagia, without seizures. His previous psychomotor development was described as normal. He was born at term after an uneventful pregnancy to non-consanguineous parents. Blood test showed a slightly increased lactic acid and a significantly decreased uric acid. Urine metabolism test showed an obviously increased xanthine and hypoxanthine. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed hyperintense signal on T2 weighted image and fluid attenuated inversion recovery in bilateral globus pallidus and pedunculus cerebri. The patient was diagnosed with Leigh-like syndrome. No obvious improvement was achieved after cocktail therapy and symptomatic treatment. The whole exome sequencing showed that the patient carried a homozygous variant of MOCS2 gene, c.19G>T(p.Val7Phe), which was a previously reported pathogenic site in the literature and could cause MoCD-B. His parents carried a heterozygous variant respectively. A total of 41 MoCD-B cases with MOCS2 gene variants were collected through literature review and our study, among which 30 cases had full medical records. The onset ages of 23 (77%) cases were in neonate, manifesting with severe encephalopathy, including neonatal-onset intractable seizures, developmental delay, laboratory abnormalities included very low levels of serum and urinary uric acid, increased urinary levels of xanthine and hypoxanthine. Cranial imaging showed cerebral atrophy, cystic encephalomalacia, etc. The onset ages of 7 patients varied from 5 months to 23 years. Four cases had normal psychomotor development before disease onset. Neurological disorders appeared acutely or exacerbated after external triggers and all of them had basal ganglia involvement. Among the 30 cases, 3 cases had a relatively milder phenotype with the ability of brief communication and walking without or with support. Conclusions: Molybdenum cofactor deficiency is a rare disease. Most cases had severe phenotypes and poor outcomes, but some cases may have mild phenotype. MoCD-B caused by MOCS2 gene variants may manifest as Leigh-like syndrome with a normal psychomotor development before the trigger of infection strike. Hypouricemia, xanthinuria and hypoxanthinuria can be indicators of the disease. The presence of MOCS2 gene variants would confirm a final diagnosis.


Assuntos
Erros Inatos do Metabolismo dos Metais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Homozigoto , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo dos Metais/diagnóstico , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo dos Metais/genética , Fenótipo
5.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 697-700, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773804

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of NBI assisted white light transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) in the treatment of bladder urothelial carcinoma and to summarize the experience of narrow band imaging (NBI) operation. METHODS: Patients with bladder urothelial carcinoma were selected, and TURBT was performed after anesthesia. First of all, the bladder tumor was found and resected under white light. Then we replaced with NBI, looked for suspicious lesions and resected them, The specimens excised under white light and NBI were collected separately. The number, location and pathological results of the lesions under white light were recorded, and the residual lesions under NBI were also recorded. To evaluate the effect of NBI, the ratio of residual bladder tumor was calculated. The cases were divided into three groups according to the time sequence. The clinical data of each group were collected and the learning curve of TURBT under NBI assisted white light was observed. RESULTS: A prospective study of 45 patients with bladder tumor from April 2018 to January 2020, including 32 males and 13 females, aged from 23 to 89 years, with an average age of 65.2 years. All the operations were successfully completed, without obvious complications after operation. Nine cases were single and 36 cases were multiple. The maximum diameter of the tumors was 0.5 to 4.0 cm, with an average of 2.2 cm. The histopathology of the resected tissue under white light was urothelial carcinoma, and 19 cases (42.2%) were pathologically positive by NBI resection. The 45 cases were divided into three groups according to the time sequence, 15 cases in each group. The true positive rate of NBI was 33.3%, 46.7% and 46.7%, respectively, and the false positive rate was 60.0%, 46.7% and 26.7%, respectively in the three groups. CONCLUSION: TURBT is an effective way to treat bladder urothelial cancer, NBI is an effective supplement of white light, which can increase the detection rate of bladder cancer and reduce post-operative recurrence. The NBI light source has a certain learning curve. With the increase of cases, the false-positive rate of NBI is gradually reduced. After the NBI operator has rich experience, the recognition degree of flat tumor is gradually improved under white light, and the residual rate of NBI is reduced after the removal under white light.


Assuntos
Autocontrole , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cistoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem de Banda Estreita , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(2): 123-128, 2020 Feb 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102149

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and genotyping results of childhood-onset myoclonus dystonia syndrome caused by SGCE variants. Methods: The clinical data of 9 children with SGCE-related myoclonus dystonia syndrome admitted at either the Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University or the Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital from May 2018 to October 2019 were collected and the patients were followed up. The definite diagnosis was made on the basis of whole exome sequencing and multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification. The clinical features and gene test results were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Data of 9 patients (4 boys and 5 girls) diagnosed as myoclonus dystonia syndrome caused by SGCE variants were collected. The onset age ranged from 1 year to 3 years and 2 months. The first symptom was myoclonus in 4 cases, while dystonia in the remaining 5 cases. In the course of the disease, 9 cases had myoclonus and 8 had dystonia. Myoclonic jerks were characterized by involuntary jerks in both upper limbs in 8 patients. Six patients had involuntary jerks of lower limbs, resulting in gait instability or even falling. The myoclonus was exacerbated during the fine motor activities, emotional stress or fatigue. Dystonia was characterized by abnormal gait, including 5 cases with right leg dystonia, and 3 cases with the left leg dystonia. Three probands had a positive family history. Intellectual development was normal in all cases. There was no obvious abnormality in video-electroencephalogram (EEG) during both ictal and interictal periods. Electromyography (EMG) and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 9 patients were normal. Nine patients carried SGCE gene variants, including 3 frame shift variants, 2 nonsense variants, 2 missense variants, 1 fragment deletion variant and 1 splice site variant. Seven variants were inherited paternally, and 2 variants were de novo. Madopar was used in 8 patients, and nitrazepam in 4 patients, leading to the decrease in the myoclonus jerks and improvement of gait in 6 and 2 patients, respectively. Conclusions: SGCE gene variants can cause myoclonus dystonia syndrome. The onset of the disease may occur at infancy or preschool age, with either myoclonic jerks or dystonia as the initial symptom. Non-epileptic myoclonus is the prominent symptom, with upper limb mainly involved. Most of the patients have the accompanying symptoms of dystonia, and some of them may have spontaneous symptom relief. SGCE gene is imprinted maternally, and the inherited variants of SGCE are paternal in origin.


Assuntos
Distonia/diagnóstico , Distonia/genética , Distúrbios Distônicos/diagnóstico , Distúrbios Distônicos/genética , Mioclonia/diagnóstico , Sarcoglicanas/genética , Idade de Início , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Distúrbios Distônicos/etiologia , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Mutação/genética , Mioclonia/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoglicanas/metabolismo
7.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(10): 780-785, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594065

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical and genetic characteristics of focal epilepsy in children caused by GATOR1 complex gene variation. Methods: The clinical data, gene variation and treatment outcome of 12 children with focal epilepsy caused by GATOR1 complex gene variation admitted to Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from June 2016 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: There were 7 males and 5 females in 12 cases. The epilepsy onset age was 5.5 (3.0, 12.0) months, and from 11 days to 16 months of age. The epileptic seizure types were all focal motor seizures, and one case combined with epileptic spasms. The frequency of seizures in all patients was more than one time per day. Seven cases had frontal lobe epilepsy and two cases had lateral temporal lobe epilepsy. One case had a family history of febrile seizures and two had a family history of suspicious epilepsy. Epileptic form discharges were observed in 9 patients during the interictal phase by electroencephalograms (EEG), and all of them were focal discharges. Eight cases had clinical seizures detected by EEG, in 4 of whom the seizures were originated in frontal region. There were no abnormalities in brain magnetic resonance imaging in 11 cases whereas 1 case had malformation of cortical development of left frontal lobe. Eight patients had DEPDC5 gene variation, one had NPRL2 gene variation, three had NPRL3 gene variation. One case had de novo variation and the other 11 had hereditary variation. There were 11 types of gene variation, including 5 nonsense variations, 3 missense variations, 2 frame shift variations and 1 in frame deletion variation. There was no clear relationship between the clinical phenotype and the genotype. During the follow-up period from 6 months to 2 years and 6 months, 6 cases had seizure control, 3 of them were controlled by oxcarbazepine. The other 6 cases had drug-refractory epilepsy, 2 of them failed with vagus nerve stimulation and ketogenic dietary therapy as well, meanwhile combined with mental retardation. Conclusions: GATOR1 complex gene variation can lead to genetic focal epilepsy, which usually has early onset with frequent seizures. Most of the patients have focal epileptic form discharges on EEG, and there is usually no structural lesion in brain imaging. Most of the patients have hereditary loss-of-function variations. Approximately half of cases are drug-resistant epilepsy.


Assuntos
Epilepsias Parciais/genética , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Eletroencefalografia , Epilepsias Parciais/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Convulsões/complicações , Convulsões/genética
9.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(5): 363-367, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060129

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical features of Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis (BBE) in children. Methods: In this retrospective study, data of 19 patients with BBE (11 males and 8 females) were collected from Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital from October 2015 to January 2018. The clinical features, treatment and prognosis were analyzed. Results: The onset age of BBE ranged from 1 year and 8 months to 12 years and 11 months. There were 18 cases with preceding infection. The most common infection was upper respiratory tract infection (9 cases), followed by simple fever (5 cases). The most common initial neurological symptoms were lethargy or disturbance of consciousness (8 cases), followed by limb weakness (5 cases). There were 6 cases of simple BBE and 13 cases of BBE overlapping Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Besides the characteristic triad of altered mental status, ataxia, and ophthalmoplegia, there were other symptoms including convulsion (5 cases), diplopia (3 cases), nystagmus (7 cases), facial muscular weakness (7 cases),bulbar palsy (13 cases) and autonomic nerve symptoms (9 cases). Hypo or areflexia was seen in 16 cases. Positive Babinski's signs were seen in 8 cases. Hyponatremia was present in 10 cases in whom 4 showed severe hyponatremia. Albumin-cytological dissociation of cerebrospinal fluid was seen in 10 cases. The autoimmune antibodies were examined in all 19 patients. Anti-ganglioside antibodies including anti-GM1 IgG antibody was positive in 2 patients and one of whom was also found with positive anti-GD1b IgG antibody. Anti-GQ1b IgG antibody was present in 2 patients. Electromyography was performed in 14 cases and 8 cases, who were all BBE overlapping GBS, showed neurological damage. A total of 16 cases were monitored by video electroencephalography and 8 cases showed slow waves of background. In addition to, interictal focal discharge was detected in 2 cases. T2 fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequence abnormal signals were detected in 3 of 18 cases performed brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and lesions involved with brainstem, basal ganglia, thalamus, cerebellum, corpus callosum and cerebral cortex. Lesions involved cervical and thoracic spinal cord were found in 1 out of 11 cases for whom spinal cord MRI was performed. All of the 4 cases who underwent enhanced MRI of spinal had partial nerve roots enhancement. All of the 19 patients received 1 to 2 courses of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, and 2 cases also received plasma exchange. Fifteen cases received steroid therapy. The following-up period ranged from 3 months to 2.5 years. Two cases were lost to follow-up. Twelve cases achieved a full recovery within 3 months. Three cases recovered within 6 months. One case still had slight limb weakness and ataxia after 1 year and 8 months of follow-up, and another case had left autonomic nerve symptoms in the follow-up of 2 years and 3 months. Both of them were BBE overlapping GBS. Conclusions: Children's BBE is similar to that in adults, and is frequently found overlapped with GBS. Furthermore, it is sometimes accompanied by central nervous system demyelination disease. The antiganglioside antibodies are not often detectable. Immunoglobulin therapy could usually achieve good response. The prognosis of simple BBE is good in most situations. For BBE overlapping GBS, the more severe the limb weakness during the peak of disease is, the slower the recovery would be.


Assuntos
Tronco Encefálico/patologia , Encefalite/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Guillain-Barré , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Gangliosídeos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(13): 1028-1033, 2019 Apr 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955318

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of blood oxygen level-dependent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating the response of metastatic lymph nodes of rabbit VX2 tumor to radiotherapy. Methods: Twenty-eight healthy New Zealand white rabbits which were provided by the Laboratory Animal Center of Soochow University, male or female, 2 to 3 months, weighing 2 to 3 kg, were used to establish the animal model of VX2 tumor popliteal fossa metastatic lymph node, and then were divided into either the radiotherapy group (n=16) or the control group (n=12). The radiotherapy group received a 20 Gy radiotherapy per rabbit, the control group received sham radiotherapy. All rabbits underwent MRI scan on four time points, including before (0 day), 3rd, 7th and 14th days after radiotherapy. The two parameters of size and R(2*) value (s(-1)) of lymph node were measured. At each time point,two rabbits in each group were sacrificed randomly to resect lymph nodes for pathological examination, and two parameters of microvessel density (MVD, strip/HP) and apoptosis index (AI, %) were analyzed. The parameters among the four time points in each group or between the two groups were compared. The correlation of lymph node size and R(2*) value with MVD or AI was analyzed, respectively. Results: A significant size difference was neither between the two groups or among the each time points in each group (P>0.05). The R(2*) of lymph node in the radiotherapy group was (29.6±1.7),(36.8±2.6),(44.8±5.8) and (57.7±6.2) s(-1) at the time points of 0, 3, 7 and 14 days, respectively, showing a gradual increase trend; MVD was (52.3±2.5),(41.0±3.6),(34.0±3.6) and (22.7±2.5) strip/HP respectively, showing a decreasing trend; AI was 12.8%±0.5%,14.9%±0.6%,20.6%±0.5% and 27.5%±0.7% respectively, showing a gradual increase trend (all P<0.05). In the control group, both R(2*) value and AI among the four time points did not change statistically (all P>0.05), but MVD showed a gradual increase trend,(50.0±3.0),(53.0±1.7),(60.3±2.5) and (70.0±2.0) strip/HP, respectively, P<0.05. There were significant differences in R(2*) and MVD at 3, 7 and 14 days, in AI at 7 and 14 days between the two groups (all P<0.05). There was a linear correlation of R(2*) value, but not of size, with MVD and AI (r=-0.87 and 0.94, respectively). Conclusion: Blood oxygen level-dependent MRI can indirectly reflect the hypoxic status of metastatic lymph nodes after radiotherapy, and has potential value in evaluating the response of metastatic lymph nodes to radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias , Animais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Linfonodos , Masculino , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Oxigênio , Coelhos
11.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(6): 1053-1056, 2018 Dec 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30562781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic treatment for renal carcinoma with Mayo 0-2 level venous thrombosis. METHODS: From January 2015 to February 2018, 58 renal carcinoma cases with venous thrombus underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with inferior vena cava thrombectomy in Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital, of which, 51 cases were male, and 7 female, aged 29-82 years. According to the Mayo grade classification, 20 cases were level 0, 20 cases were level 1, and 18 cases were level 2, with left side being 22 cases, and right side 36 cases. The patients except for those complicated with hemorrhagic diseases, cardiac and pulmonary insufficiency, or those who could not tolerate anesthesia and surgical contraindications, underwent the operation after comprehensive examinations. RESULTS: The 58 cases of renal tumor with venous tumor emboli were successfully completed with the surgeries, including 50 cases of totally laparoscopic surgery, 8 cases of laparoscopy surgery from convert to open (among the patients who were converted to open surgery, 7 were complicated with grade 2 tumor thrombus and 1 with grade 1 tumor thrombus). The main reasons for converting to open surgery were huge tumors (the largest of which was about 16 cm in diameter), severe adhesion and difficulty of separation. For different patients, different surgical methods and procedures were adopted according to the tumor direction and the different grade of tumor thrombus. Radical nephrectomy combined with vena cava tumor thrombus removal was performed in 55 cases and segmental resection of vena cava in 3 cases. The operation time was 132-557 min, and blood loss was 20-3 000 mL. Post-operative pathological types: 51 cases were clear cell carcinoma, 5 cases were type 2 of papillary carcinoma, 1 case was squamous cell carcinoma, and 1 case was chromophobe cell tumor. In the study, 47 cases were followed up for 1-36 months, and 4 cases died (the survival time was 5-15 months, with an average of 10.2 months). CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with inferior vena cava thrombectomy is a reasonable choice for renal tumor with Mayo 0-2 level venous thrombosis. For different tumor directions and different grades of tumor thrombus, an appropriate operation plan can give the maxim benefit to the patients with skillful surgeons.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Nefrectomia , Trombectomia , Trombose , Veia Cava Inferior , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/cirurgia
12.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 56(9): 667-673, 2018 Sep 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30180405

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical features of TBC1D24 gene mutations associated with epilepsy. Methods: All the patients with TBC1D24 gene compound heterozygous mutations were retrospectively collected at the Pediatric Department of Peking University First Hospital from March 2015 to July 2017, and the features of clinical manifestations, electroencephalogram, and neuroimaging were analyzed. Results: Eighteen cases with TBC1D24 gene compound heterozygous mutations were included. The age of seizure onset was 1 day to 8 months, and the median age was 90 days. Seizure types included generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) in 3 cases, focal seizures in 18 cases, myoclonus in 18 cases, and 17 cases had focal myoclonus and myoclonus status. The focal myoclonus involving one or multiple muscle groups, sometimes migrating and alternating, lasting up to minutes to several days, and could be terminated by sleep or sedation drugs. In 11 cases, myoclonus was exacerbated by fever or infections, and 2 cases developed into myoclonic status during infection, in a severe case with the loss of consciousness. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of seven patients was abnormal, including cerebral atrophy or cerebellar atrophy with abnormal signals. Segment myoclonus was captured in 10 patients, but without correlated epileptiform discharges. There were ten cases had varying degrees of developmental delay, 7 were normal, and one patient died of status epilepticus at the age of 4 months. Three cases had hearing disorders. In the 18 patients, the clinical phenotype of 4 cases consisted of epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures, 2 with progressive myoclonus epilepsies, 1 with Dravet syndrome, 1 with DOORS syndrome, and 3 with unclassified epileptic encephalopathy. Conclusions: The clinical feature of TBC1D24 gene mutation related epilepsy was focal myoclonus, and tended to develop into myoclonic status epilepticus, and could be aggravated by infections, and terminated by sleep or sedation drugs. Mental retardation involved or not, neuroimaging could present with cerebral atrophy or cerebellar atrophy with abnormal signals.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte , Epilepsia , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Criança , Eletroencefalografia , Epilepsias Mioclônicas , Epilepsia/complicações , Epilepsia/genética , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase , Humanos , Infecções/etiologia , Deficiência Intelectual/etiologia , Proteínas de Membrana , Mioclonia/etiologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(1): 73-78, 2018 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29334712

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of exposure to particulate matter ≤10 µm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(10)) on sperm quality in different stages of sperm development. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1 827 patients attending the reproductive medicine center in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University during April 2013 to January 2015. Air pollution data from January 2013 to January 2015 was obtained from the database of Wuhan Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau. The generalized linear model was employed to assess the association between each exposure variables and sperm parameters for several exposure windows (0-9, 10-14, 15-69, 70-90, 0-90 days before sampling) . Results: The average levels of PM(10) was (116.2±71.6) µg/m(3) during the research period. Sperm volume was (75.4±49.1) ×10(6)/ml in sample population, (29.4±16.2) % in progressive motility and (51.8±21.6) % in total motility. Exposure to PM(10) was inversely associated with sperm concentration (ß:-0.319; 95%CI:-0.529,-0.046) during 70-90 lag days. PM(10) exposure during the 0-90 lag days was significantly associated with progressive motility (ß:-0.312; 95%CI:-0.527,-0.097) and total motility (ß:-0.347; 95%CI:-0.636,-0.059) after adjusted for age, education level, BMI, smoking, abstinence time, temperature, humidity and season. Conclusion: Exposure to PM(10) was associated with statistically significant decrements in sperm concentration and motility, and the adverse impact on sperm concentration was significantly in early phases of spermatogenesis.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Espermatozoides , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Umidade , Masculino , Material Particulado , Estações do Ano , Espermatogênese , Temperatura
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 97(45): 3573-3578, 2017 Dec 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29275598

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) to reflect the progression of renal fibrosis (RF) induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in rabbits. Methods: Total of 32 New Zealand white rabbits (aged 4-5 months) were used to establish the UUO model (RF group) and were divided into 4 subgroups (including RF-2W group, RF-4W group , RF-6W group and RF-8W group) according to the duration of obstruction(2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks). Another 8 rabbits, underwent sham operation, were used as the control group (Sham group). T2 weighted imaging (T(2)WI) and SWI sequences were performed on the rabbits at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after UUO, respectively. Rabbits were sacrificed and specimens were obtained after MR examination, then hematoxylin&eosin staining and Masson staining were performed to explore the renal tubular injury and interstitial fibrosis. The relationship between the relative signal-to-noise ratio(rSNR)measured on the SWI fusion maps and the degree of renal fibrosis was analyzed. Analysis of variance was used to compare the difference of rSNRs among 5 groups. Results: The rSNRs of the inner medulla gradually decreased over time, the rSNRs of Sham group, RF-2W group, RF-4W group, RF-6W group and RF-8W group was 2.29±0.18, 1.73±0.30, 1.67±0.08, 1.42±0.28, 1.12±0.15, respectively (F=25.876, P<0.01). In RF-2W group, the rSNRs of the outer medulla and cortex increased when compared with those in the Sham group, then they decreased gradually over time in the other groups (F=5.230, 7.621, both P<0.05). The pathological results demonstrated that the morphology of renal tubules in Sham group was normal and no apoptosis or necrosis was seen in the tubular epithelial cells. In the RF-2W group, the main pathological manifestations included renal tubules dilatation, tubular epithelial cell degeneration or necrosis and the infiltration of inflammatory cell. In Masson staining, lots of blue areas were present in the interstitial. As the obstruction time prolonged, the renal tubular collapse, inflammatory cells and fibroblasts increased significantly. Meanwhile blue area also increased significantly in Masson staining. Conclusion: SWI can be used as a noninvasive method to evaluate the pathological progression of fibrosis in the rabbit UUO model.


Assuntos
Fibrose , Nefropatias , Obstrução Ureteral , Animais , Rim , Túbulos Renais , Coelhos
15.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 55(11): 818-823, 2017 Nov 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29141311

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical phenotypes and the mutant allele proportion of parents with SCN1A gene mutation mosaicism of Dravet syndrome (DS) children, thus to provide guidance for family reproduction and prenatal diagnosis. Method: The clinical data and peripheral blood DNA samples of DS patients with a SCN1A gene mutation proved by Sanger sequencing were collected prospectively from February 2005 to November 2016 in Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital. The same mutation was searched in parents and other available relatives. Parental somatic mosaicism was confirmed and quantified by Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine (PGM) and Raindrop droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). The families were followed up and prenatal diagnosis was provided. Result: Mosaicisms of SCN1A gene mutation in parents were identified in 5.2% (30 out of 575) DS families. Seventeen were fathers and thirteen were mothers. The mutant allele proportion ranged from 1.7% to 32.9% by PGM and from 0.82% to 34.51% by ddPCR, respectively. In 30 parents with somatic mosaicism, thirteen were asymptomatic, ten had a history of febrile seizures (FS), five with epilepsy, one with febrile seizure plus and one had a history of afebrile seizure. Four families had two children with DS. Three siblings of the probands were confirmed genetically with the same pathogenic mutation. One deceased sister of the proband was assumed to have the same pathogenic mutation because she matched DS diagnosis after medical history review despite no blood sample. Two families received prenatal diagnosis. One second pregnancy was terminated because the fetus inherited the mutation as the mother's wish. Conclusion: Sanger sequencing detects parents of some children with DS are SCN1A mutation mosaics. PGM and ddPCR can be used for accurate quantification of mutant mosaics, which can provide accurate guidance for family genetic counseling.


Assuntos
Epilepsias Mioclônicas/genética , Mosaicismo , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.1/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Criança , Epilepsia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Pais , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Convulsões Febris , Irmãos
16.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(4): 597-604, 2017 08 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28816272

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of radical nephrectomy and inferior vena cava thrombectomy in the treatment of patients with Mayo III tumor thrombus, and to introduce our experience and surgical technique. METHODS: The clinical data of 8 patients with Mayo III tumor thrombus from October 2014 to September 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Of the 8 patients, 3 were male and 5 were female. The average age was (50.8±18.7) years (18 to 77 years). The average body mass index (BMI) was (22.7±4.4) kg/m2 (15.2 to 30.8 kg/m2). Imaging suggested the right renal tumor in all the 8 cases. The average tumor size was (7.9±2.5) cm. Open radical nephrectomy and inferior vena cava thrombectomy was conducted in 5 cases and laparoscopic surgery in 3 cases, and 1 case was converted to open surgery. RESULTS: All the 8 surgeries were completed successfully with no death case. The average surgery time was (370.3±101.6) min, ranging from 272-567 min. The average vena cava blocked time was (41.0±12.1) min, ranging from 17-55 min. The blood loss volume was (1 181.3±915.7) mL, ranging from 200-3 000 mL. During the operation, 5 cases were infused with suspended red blood cells, the amount of blood transfusion was 800-2 000 mL. 3 cases were infused of plasma with 400-1 000 mL. The average hospital stay was 9-23 d, with an average of (14.1±4.0) d. In the 8 patients, 4 cases underwent inferior vena cava wall resection because of invasion by tumor thrombus. Preoperative serum creatinine was 60-101 µmol/L, with an average of (76.4±15.3) µmol/L. Serum creatinine 1 week after the operation was 74-127 µmol/L, with an average of (100.8±21.1) µmol/L. Pathological diagnosis showed 6 cases of clear cell carcinoma, 1 case of papillary carcinoma type II, and 1 case of Ewing's sarcoma. Among the 8 patients, early postoperative complications occurred in 5 cases. Postoperative complications were graded as level II, according to the Clavien classifications. The 8 cases were followed up for 2 to 24 months with an average of 11.3 months. There was 1 patient who suffered from lung metastasis. CONCLUSION: Our initial clinical results show that radical nephrectomy and inferior vena cava thrombectomy is safe and effective for patients with Mayo III tumor thrombus. The wide extension of grade III vein tumor thrombus leads to the difficulty of operation technique. Sufficient preoperative preparation, rich operative experience and skills can improve the safety of operation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Trombectomia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Veia Cava Inferior
17.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 55(4): 277-282, 2017 Apr 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28441824

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical and neuroimaging characteristics of acute encephalopathy (AE) after status epilepticus (SE) of patients with Dravet syndrome (DS). Method: The clinical data of DS patients who had AE (coma ≥24 h) after SE were retrospectively collected from February 2005 to August 2016 in Peking University First Hospital and SCN1A gene tests were performed.The clinical and neuroimaging features were summarized. Result: Twenty-two patients (9 males and 13 females) with AE were collected among 412 DS patients during follow-up.Of which 18 patients had SCN1A gene mutations while the remaining 4 patients had no SCN1A gene mutations.The onset age of AE was between 6 months and 10 years.The duration of SE varied between 40 minutes and 9 hours.Prior to the onset of SE, twenty-one patients had high fever, and one patient had normal temperature.Coma lasted from 2 days to 20 days.Nine patients died after the AE, and 13 patients survived with massive neurological regression.From AE to the last visit, the median time of follow-up was 2 years and 3 months (from 7 months to 4 years and 4 months). Nine of 13 survivors had varied improvement in motor, language and cognition, while the remaining 4 patients had no significant improvement.After AE, there were 6 patients with seizure-free, 4 patients with reduced seizures, and 3 patients with no change in seizure frequency, moreover, spasm occurred in 2 patients.Six patients had brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute phase and showed bilateral (2 patients) or unilateral (4 patients) hemisphere edema, accompanied by subcortical white matter hyperintense signal in T1 and T2 weighted images in two patients.The neuroimaging of 13 survivors demonstrated diverse cortical atrophy during recovery phase, among which 4 patients showed cerebellar atrophy, one patient had right pontine atrophy, 4 patients accompanied by signal abnormalities in subcortical and periventricular white matter, 2 patients showed right hippocampal sclerosis, and one patient showed signal abnormalities in bilateral basal ganglia. Conclusion: SE is more prone to occur in Dravet patients who have high fever.It may result in AE or even death in severe cases.Survivors will leave severe neurological sequelae.The neuroimaging shows brain edema in acute phase.In recovery phase the neuroimaging shows diverse brain atrophy, moreover, a few patients may be associated with cerebellar or pontine atrophy, hippocampal sclerosis or abnormal signals in white matter or basal ganglia.


Assuntos
Epilepsias Mioclônicas , Estado Epiléptico , Edema Encefálico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hipocampo , Humanos , Lactente , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Mutação , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.1/genética , Neuroimagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Convulsões
18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 51(3): 197-202, 2017 Mar 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28260331

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effects of exposure to ozone (O(3)) on sperm quality during different stages of spermatogenesis. Methods: All 1 780 subjects attending to the Reproductive Medicine Center in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were recruited from April, 4, 2013 to June, 30, 2015. The subjects were living in Wuhan more than 3 months before attending to the program, aged 20 to 40 years. Semen quality (sperm concentration and sperm count) were measured according to standardized protocols. Corresponding daily 8 hours average concentration of O(3), other polluted concentration, average temperature and relative humidity were collected in different time, including lag 0, 10, 70 and 90 d, and lag 0-9 d, lag 10-14 d, lag 70-90 d and lag 0-90 d. After controlling the age, BMI, education level and other confounders, generalized linear Model was used to investigate the association between O(3) and sperm quality during different stages of spermatogenesis. Results: Average daily concentration of O(3) during the study period was (114.20±74.88) µg/m(3) and the mean values of sperm concentration and count were (76.32±50.17) millions/ml and (164.77 ± 133.05) millions/sample, respectively. Exposure to O(3) was associated with decreasing sperm concentration and count. For every 1 µg/m(3) increase of O(3), the decrease of sperm concentration during lag 10, lag 0-9 and lag 10-14 days exposure windows were 0.040 (95%CI: 0.004-0.077) millions/ml, 0.081 (95% CI: 0.003-0.158) millions/ml and 0.059 (95% CI: 0.001-0.116) millions/ml, respectively. And the decrease of sperm count during lag 10, lag 0-9 days exposure windows were 0.105 (95%CI: 0.008-0.202) millions/sample and 0.221 (95% CI: 0.016-0.426) millions/sample. After stratification, in the ozone concentration

Assuntos
Ozônio/efeitos adversos , Análise do Sêmen , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Espermatozoides , Temperatura
19.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 51(3): 203-208, 2017 Mar 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28260332

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the influence of atmospheric particulate matters (PM(2.5) and PM(10)) on low-birth-weight (LBW) infants at different periods of gestation. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search for 2 471 articles related to particulate matter and LBW published from January 1st 2000 to January 1st 2016 using the PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Science Direct, Chinese Web of Knowledge, Wanfang and Weipu, and the keywords were" air pollution" , "adverse birth outcomes" , "adverse pregnancy outcomes" , "low birth weight/LBW" . According to criteria, 27 literatures were selected and included. Metafor package of the R 3.1.1 Software was used to check the heterogeneity and merge the effect value of the selected literatures, and sensitivity analysis and publication bias were detected and adjusted. Results: A total of 2 471 studies selected form the databases, 27 enrolled in this analysis according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Each 10 µg/m(3) increase in PM(2.5) was associated with combined OR values of 1st trimester, 2nd trimester, 3rd trimester and entire gestation at 1.02(95% CI: 0.87-1.19), 1.03 (95% CI: 0.91-1.16) , 1.07 (95%CI: 1.04-1.11) and 1.09 (95%CI: 1.04-1.15), respectively. And 10 µg/m(3) increase in PM(10) was associated with combined OR values of 1st trimester, 2nd trimester, 3rd trimester and entire gestation at 1.66 (95%CI: 1.06-2.61), 1.58 (95%CI:1.28-1.95) , 1.38 (95%CI: 1.23-1.56) and 1.04 (95%CI: 0.99-1.09), respectively. After adjusting the bias of publication, each 10 µg/m(3) increase in PM(2.5) was associated with the risk of low birth weight at 1.11 (95%CI: 1.02-1.21). Conclusion: This meta analysis supports an adverse impact of maternal exposure to particulate air pollution on low birth weight, varying in effects by exposure period.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Exposição Materna , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Peso ao Nascer , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Material Particulado/análise , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Risco
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 97(47): 3733-3738, 2017 Dec 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29325329

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of blood oxygen level-dependent MR (MR-BOLD) in assessing renal fibrosis of ureteral obstruction of rabbits. Methods: Forty healthy New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into control group (n=8) and unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) group (n=32). The rabbits in the UUO group were subjected to unilateral ureteral obstruction of the left kidney.Coronal T(2) weighted imaging (T(2)WI) and axial BOLD examinations were performed before operation, 2, 4, 6 and 8 W after operation (each subgroup n=8). After the examinations, nephrectomy was performed for histologic evaluation.The T(2)(*) relaxation rate of the renal cortex (CR(2)(*)) , medulla (MR(2)(*)) and the same level of muscle(R(2)(*)(muscle)) were measured separately.The normalization of the cortex and medulla (sR(2)(*)), and the difference of sR(2)(*) between renal cortex and medulla before and post UUO (ΔsR(2)(*)) were calculated.The differences of sR(2)(*) (sCR(2)(*), sMR(2)(*), sCR(2)(*)(control), sMR(2)(*)(control)) at each time point between control and UUO group were compared by using independent sample t test.The LSD test was used to compare the sR(2)(*) in the control with that in the UUO group.The ΔsCR(2)(*) and ΔsMR(2)(*) values of the subgroups at UUO 2, 4, 6 and 8 W were compared by independent sample t test. Results: The sR(2)(*) values of UUO group were all lower than those of control group (all P<0.05), while sR(2)(*)(control) and sR(2)(*) in UUO group before operation were not significant different (P>0.05). The sCR(2)(*) values of UUO 2, 4, 6 and 8 W were 0.32±0.01, 0.37±0.01, 0.47±0.02 and 0.50±0.03.The sMR(2)(*) values were 0.39±0.02, 0.48±0.02, 0.58±0.04 and 0.65±0.05.There were significant differences of sCR(2)(*)(between) UUO 2 W and 6 W, UUO 2 W and 8 W, UUO 4 W and 6 W, UUO 4 W and 8 W (all P<0.01). There were significant differences of sMR(2)(*)(between) UUO 2 W and 6 W, UUO 2 W and 8 W, UUO 4 W and 8 W (all P<0.01). No significant difference was founded between sCR(2)(*) and sMR(2)(*) at each time point in control group (P>0.05). The ΔsCR(2)(*) values of UUO 2, 4, 6 and 8 W were 0.31±0.02, 0.20±0.02, 0.14±0.20, 0.09±0.04; the ΔsMR(2)(*) values were 0.51±0.05, 0.36±0.04, 0.28±0.05, 0.19±0.05. The ΔsCR(2)(*) values of UUO 2, 4 and 6 W were less than ΔsMR(2)(*) (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between ΔsCR(2)(*) and ΔsMR(2)(*) in UUO 8 W (P>0.05). Conclusions: The R(2)(*) change in medulla resulted from renal fibrosis is more significant than cortex.MR-BOLD can reflect the process of renal fibrosis.It's feasible and of great value to use renal MR-BOLD for the assessment of renal fibrosis induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction.


Assuntos
Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Oxigênio/sangue , Obstrução Ureteral/diagnóstico , Animais , Fibrose/diagnóstico , Rim , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Coelhos , Distribuição Aleatória
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