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2.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(9): 812-816, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445817

RESUMO

Objective: To study clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcomes under anti-coagulation therapy of non-criteria obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome. Methods: Patients suspected of obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome(OAPS) were recruited through Chinese Rheumatism Data Center from 2015 to 2019 consecutively. Patients fulfilling 2006 Sydney revised antiphospholipid syndrome criteria were classified as OAPS. Patients fulfilling definition of non-criteria OAPS(NCOAPS) by expert consensus on diagnosis and management of obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome of China were classified as NCOAPS. Clinical characteristics and laboratory results of two groups were compared. Live birth rates and pregnancy outcomes under anti-coagulation therapy were studied. Results: A total of 88 patients were enrolled, including 56 patients (63.6%) as OAPS, 32(36.4%) as NCOAPS. Live births were only reached in 16.1% (9/56) in OAPS patients and 12.5%(4/32) in NCOAPS. Fetal losses after 10 weeks of gestation and pre-eclampsia before 34 weeks were more common in OAPS group compared to NCOAPS group [78.6%(44/56) vs. 18.8%(6/32), P<0.001; 25.0%(14/56) vs. 3.1%(1/32), P=0.020, respectively]. After enrollment, 15 pregnancies were recorded in OAPS, 10 in NCOAPS, all of whom were treated with low-dose aspirin (LDA) combined with low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH). Live birth rates saw dramatic improvements compared to baseline levels in OAPS [16.1% (9/56) vs. 11/15] along with NCOAPS [12.5% (4/32) vs. 7/10]. Conclusion: Though NCOAPS and OAPS patients differ in antiphospholipid antibody spectrum and pattern of pregnancy morbidities, both groups benefit from LDA combined with LWMH treatment, as live birth rates improve. Non-criteria OAPS patients are recommended to receive anti-coagulation therapy during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica , Complicações na Gravidez , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/epidemiologia , Feminino , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(8): 744-750, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304451

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors for osteonecrosis (ON) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: This is a case-control study. A total of 118 patients diagnosed with SLE complicated with ON (study group) were retrospectively analyzed between 2014 and 2019. Gender, age, and course matched 118 SLE patients without ON were selected as controls. Clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, medical history, and treatments were recorded and analyzed. Results: Among 118 patients, the male to female ratio was 20 to 98 with a median age of 27 years and course of disease 1-168 months. Compared with the control group, the study group presented a longer cumulative duration of glucocorticoid therapy [36.5 (0-168) months vs. 19.0(0-168) months on average, P<0.05], a higher incidence of osteoporosis (29.7% vs. 4.2%, P<0.001), a higher frequency of immune-suppressive therapy (83.9% vs. 64.4%, P=0.035), more organs involveed [median 2 (0-5) vs. 1 (0-4)], and a higher SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) (14.22±7.40 vs. 11.63±6.11, P<0.05) in univariate logistic regression. The control group had a higher rate of positive Coombs test (39.8% vs. 7.6%, P<0.05). No statistical difference on methylprednisolone (MP) pulse therapy (P>0.05) was observed. Multivariate logistic regression suggested that SLEDAI (OR= 1.070, 95%CI 1.026-1.116, P<0.005), osteoporosis (OR=10.668, 95%CI 3.911-29.103, P<0.001) and a positive Coombs test(OR=0.492, 95%CI 0.266-0.910, P<0.05) were related to the development of ON in SLE patients. Conclusion: A higher disease activity and the presence of osteoporosis are associated with an increased risk of ON in patients with SLE, and positive Coombs test seems a protective factor of ON.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Osteonecrose , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Osteonecrose/epidemiologia , Osteonecrose/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
5.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(4): 388-392, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765713

RESUMO

One 51 years old man was admitted to the rheumatology department with a history of prominent eyes, headache and blurred vision for half year. The main manifestations included retrobulbar inflammatory pseudotumor and retroperitoneal fibrosis. He was initially diagnosed as granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Prednisone and cyclophosphamide were administrated and effective. New mass of dura mater and osteosclerosis presented during follow up. Finally Erdheim Chester disease(ECD) was diagnosed by biopsy and pathological examination. Vemurafenib, a v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogenes homolog B1 (BRAF) inhibitor, 480 mg was given twice a day. The patient's condition is stable and still in follow-up. Although ECD is a rare histiocytosis, clinicians should pay attention to its manifestations and differential diagnoses.


Assuntos
Doença de Erdheim-Chester , Animais , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Doença de Erdheim-Chester/diagnóstico , Cefaleia , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Vemurafenib
6.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(3): 239-242, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663173

RESUMO

With the recognition of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-related vasculitis and widespread vaccination against viral hepatitis B, the prevalence of polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) varied considerably. In our study, patients diagnosed as polyarteritis nodasa (PAN)based on the 1990 American College of Rheumatology(ACR) criteria were reclassified using 2007 European Medicines Agency(EMA) algorithm modified by 2012 Chapel Hill Consensus Conference(CHCC) definitions, aiming to evaluate the new classification criteria for the diagnosis of PAN. A total of 113 PAN patients admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2002 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, who were classified into three subtypes including 9 patients with cutaneous, 80 with classic and 24 Hepatitis B virus (HBV) associated PAN. All patients were reclassified according to 2007 EMA algorithm using CHCC 2012 definitions. As a result, 7 patients were diagnosed as microscopic polyangiitis(MPA) and 19 patients with unclassified vasculitis based on the new classification criteria. The diagnostic rate of PAN was gradually declined as the classification criteria of vasculitides was update. However, there are quite a few PAN patients in China, whom rheumatologists should pay attention to the early diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Poliarterite Nodosa , Vasculite , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos , China , Humanos , Poliarterite Nodosa/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(6): 1056-1062, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness and safety of golimumab in the treatment of severe/refractory cardiovascular Behcet syndrome (BS). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of nine patients diagnosed with severe/refractory cardiovascular BS and treated with golimumab from February 2018 to July 2020 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. We analyzed levels of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), imaging findings, and the doses of glucocorticoids and immunosuppressive agents during the period of combined treatment with golimumab. RESULTS: Nine patients were enrolled, including 8 males and 1 female, with a mean age and median course of (37.0±8.6) years and 120 (60, 132) months, respectively. Seven patients presented with severe aortic regurgitation combined with other cardiovascular involvement secondary to BS. Two patients presented with large vessel involvement, including multiple aneurysms and vein thrombosis. Prior to golimumab treatment, seven patients were treated with glucocorticoids and multiple immunosuppres-sants [with a median number of 3 (1, 3) types] while still experienced disease progression or elevated inflammation biomarkers during postoperative period. Eight patients with disease progression, uncontrolled inflammation and history of severe postoperative complications required effective and fast control of inflammation during perioperative period. One patient had adverse reaction with tocilizumab and switched to golimumab during perioperative period. The patients were treated with golimumab 50 mg every 4 weeks, along with concomitant treatment of glucocorticoid and immunosuppressants. After a median follow-up of (16.3±5.6) months, all the patients achieved clinical improvement. Vascular lesions were radiologically stable and no vascular progressive or newly-onset of vascular lesions was observed. The eight patients who experienced cardiac or vascular operations showed no evidence of postoperative complications. The ESR and hsCRP levels decreased significantly [16.5 (6.8, 52.5) mm/h vs. 4 (2, 7) mm/h, and 21.24 (0.93, 32.51) mg/L vs. 0.58 (0.37, 1.79) mg/L (P < 0.05), respectively]. The dose of prednisone was tapered from 35 (15, 60) mg/d to 10.0 (10.0, 12.5) mg/d. No prominent adverse reactions were observed. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that golimumab is effective in the treatment of severe/refractory cardiovascular BS. Combination immunosuppression therapy with golimumab contributes to control of inflammation, reduction of postoperative complications and tapering the dose of glucocorticoids or immunosuppressants.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 360-365, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370464

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical and prognostic characteristics in patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangitis (EGPA). Methods: The clinical data of 146 EGPA patients hospitalized in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2000 to 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including clinical manifestations, laboratory results, treatment, complications and outcome at discharge. Birmingham Vasculitis activity score-V3 (BVAS-V3) was used to evaluate disease activity. Results: The ratio of male to female was 1.8∶1 with average age (41.7±16.1) year-old. The median time from disease onset to diagnosis was 18(6, 60) months (0.5~450). The most common clinical manifestations were lung [121(82.9%)] and nose/paranasal sinuses [119(81.5%)] involvement. The positive rate of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) was 24.7%, mainly peripheral (P)-ANCA/myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA. Compared with ANCA-negative patients, the ANCA-positive patients had a higher incidence of renal involvement and nervous system involvement (66.7% vs. 20.9%, 80.6% vs. 51.8%, P<0.001), fever and optic neuropathy (66.7% vs. 40.9%,8.3% vs. 0, P<0.05), more active disease [median BVAS-V3 25(18,30)vs. 19(14,24),P=0.001] and more elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate [40.5(20.5,82.8)mm/1h vs. 25.0(13.3,50.8)mm/1h,P=0.006] and C-reactive protein [37.1(11.8,72.9)mg/L vs.13.5(3.4,66.1)mg/L,P=0.036]. More ANCA-negative patients had pleural effusion (20.9% vs. 5.6%, P<0.04) compared with ANCA-negative patients. Pulmonary infection was the most common complication. A total of 12 EGPA patients (8.2%)achieved remission and 6 patients (4.1%)died or discharged themselves from the hospital. Conclusion: EGPA is a rare small vessel vasculitis. The clinical manifestations and outcomes are heterogenous. The mortality rate of EGPA is high.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/sangue , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/diagnóstico , Adulto , Eosinófilos , Feminino , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peroxidase , Derrame Pleural , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(12): 894-898, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775452

RESUMO

Objective: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a rare and severe clinical manifestation of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), as well as a predictor of poor prognosis. This study was conducted to explore the clinical features and risk factors of PVT in APS patients. Methods: A total of 123 APS patients diagnosed from 2012 to 2019 were retrospectively enrolled. The diagnosis of PVT was made according to the 2009 American College of Liver Diseases (AASLD) criteria. Clinical and laboratory data were collected. A multivariate (MV) logistic regression model was constructed using a stepwise forward selection procedure among those candidate univariables with P values<0.10. Results: A total of 28 cases with PVT, and 95 control cases without PVT were finally enrolled.The 28 APS-PVT patients included 5 males and 23 females with age range from 17 to 63 years. Clinical manifestations included acute thrombosis in 8 patients, chronic thrombosis in 16, and 4 with portal vein spongiform. As to the involved vessels, single portal vein thrombosis was seen in 20 patients, portal combined with superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and splenic vein in one patient, portal plus SMV in 4 and only SMV in 3 patients. Other manifestations were portal hypertension (16/28), esophageal varices (13/28), spleen infarction (7/28) and gastrointestinal bleeding (4/28). Two antiphospholipid antibodies were positive in 13 cases. Triple positive antibodies were seen in 7 cases. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that disease duration less than 0.5 years (OR=72.74, 95%CI 7.50-705.45, P<0.001), hypoalbuminemia (OR=356.45, 95%CI 19.19-6 620.14, P<0.001), and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)/C-reactive protein (CRP) (OR=14.41, 95%CI 1.49-139.20, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for PVT in APS. Conclusion: PVT is usually misdiagnosed due to insidious onset. Short disease duration, hypoalbuminemia and elevated ESR/CRP are risk factors for PVT in APS. Better understanding, early diagnosis and treatment will improve the clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/imunologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Cirrose Hepática/imunologia , Veia Porta/patologia , Trombose/imunologia , Trombose Venosa/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/complicações , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Adulto Jovem
11.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 758-762, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594174

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) patients with renal involvement. Methods: PAN patients admitted to the department of rheumatology, department of pediatrics, department of nephrology, general internal medicine department and department of vascular surgery at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from June 2012 to August 2018 were enrolled in this study and were divided into two groups according to renal involvement or not. The clinical characteristics were analyzed. Results: A total of 94 PAN patients were finally enrolled and 57 (60.64%) presented kidney manifestation. The mean age of onset was (37.76±17.40) years old and the interval from onset to diagnosis was 10 (0 to 240) months. Forty patients were misdiagnosed once or more times. In patients with renal involvement, 9 cases suffered from renal ischemia or infarction, 31 with microscopic haematuria, 26 with proteinuria, renal artery or its branch involved in 17 cases, renal vein thrombosis in 1 case, 4 cases with pyeloureterectasis, one case with renal fascia thickening, 33 cases with impaired renal function (serum creatinine>84 µmol/L) including creatinine>140 µmol/L in 10 patients. Renal artery branch stenosis was the most common presentation [9 cases (52.94%)] of renal vascular involvement, other abnormalities including nodular dilatation [4 cases (23.53%)], occlusion [3 cases (17.65%)]. There were significant differences (P<0.05) in the PAN patients with and without renal involvement in the following: age of onset [(33.72±16.13) years vs. (43.97±17.66) years, t(2)=2.901, P=0.005], weight loss(≥4kg since PAN onset) [25(43.86%) vs. 7(18.92%), χ(2)=6.216, P=0.013], elevation of diastolic blood pressure [22(38.60%) vs. 7(18.92%), χ(2)=4.072, P=0.044], acromegaly gangrene [18(31.58%) vs. 21(56.76%), χ(2)=5.859, P=0.015], and gastrointestinal artery involvement [20(35.09%) vs. 6(1.22%), χ(2)=3.993, P=0.046]. Laboratory parameters and the application of glucocorticoid and cyclophosphamide therapies were similar in two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Young PAN patients are more likely to be associated with renal involvement, especially gastrointestinal arteries.


Assuntos
Arterite/diagnóstico , Nefropatias/etiologia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Poliarterite Nodosa/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Gastroenteropatias , Glomerulonefrite/diagnóstico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Infarto , Nefropatias/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Poliarterite Nodosa/complicações , Poliarterite Nodosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 39(3): 202-206, 2018 Mar 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29562464

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effects of CYP2C19 genetic polymorphism on the plasma concentration of voriconazole in patients with hematological disease and the value of serial monitoring plasma concentrations in the treatment and prevention of invasive fungal disease (IFD). Methods: From January 2016 to December 2016, 65 hematological patients who received voriconazole intravenous administration for the treatment of invasive fungal disease were enrolled in this study. The population CYP2C19 polymorphism of voriconazole were performed using PCR-Pyrosequencing. The trough plasma concentrations of vriconazole (Ctrough) was detected by ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Results: Based on the genotype analysis, 65 subjects were identified as extensive metabolizers' group (30 cases) and poor metabolizers' group (35 cases). The Ctrough of the 65 patients were detected for 169 times totally, and there was a significant difference of Ctrough values between the two groups [0.98(0.38-2.08) mg/L vs 2.19(1.53-4.27) mg/L, z=10.286, P<0.001]. The medium of Ctrough in 65 hematological patients were described. Lack of response to therapy was more frequent in patients with voriconazole levels <1.5 mg/L (50.0%) than in those with voriconazole levels >1.5 mg/L (20.5%) (P=0.052). And the risk of adverse events was more frequent in patients with voriconazole levels >5.5 mg/L (80.0%) than in those with voriconazole levels ≤5.5 mg/L (8.3%) (χ2=11.689, P=0.020). Conclusion: Patients with CYP2C19 wild-type phenotype are extensive metabolizers, their Ctrough of voriconazole are significantly lower than patients with CYP2C19 non-wild-type phenotype (poor metabolizers). Appropriate concentrations of vriconazole can improve the efficacy and safety during treatment.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP2C19/genética , Doenças Hematológicas/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Antifúngicos , Genótipo , Humanos , Micoses , Fenótipo , Voriconazol
14.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 57(2): 129-133, 2018 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29397599

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical features of Takayasu's arteritis (TAK) with glomerulonephropathy and to improve physicians' understanding of this complication in patients with TAK. Methods: Clinical data were retrospectively collected including manifestations, laboratory tests, image findings and treatment of 8 patients diagnosed as Takayasu's arteritis with glomerulonephropathy from January 2002 to January 2017 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Results: Glomerulonephropathy was confirmed based on percutaneous renal biopsy. There were 6 women and 2 men. The median onset age and median disease duration were 24 (18-37) years and 42 (3-360) months, respectively. Five patients had hypertension. The 24 hour urinary protein was 0.18-14.91 g. Red blood cells and casts in urine were tested among 4 and 2 patients, respectively. Three patients had renal artery stenosis. Three patients demonstrated mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, two with IgA nephropathy, two with minimal change disease and one with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. Seven patients received glucocorticoid combined with cyclophosphamide therapy (glucocorticoid 40-60 mg/d, prednisone or equivalent; cyclophosphamide 0.4 g/week iv. or cyclophosphamide 0.1 g/d po.). Uninary blood cells removed and 24 hour urinary protein decreased from 1.65 g to 0.90 g after treatment for 12 months in one patient. The other 7 patients were missing. Conclusion: Glomerulonephropathy is occasionally observed among TAK patients. Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis is the most common pathological subtype. Glucocorticoid combined with cyclophosphamide therapy could be an optional therapy for Takayasu's arteritis with glomerulonephropathy.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite Membranoproliferativa/etiologia , Glomerulonefrite/etiologia , Arterite de Takayasu/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Eritrócitos , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite/patologia , Glomerulonefrite por IGA , Glomerulonefrite Membranoproliferativa/patologia , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hipertensão , Masculino , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Arterite de Takayasu/complicações , Arterite de Takayasu/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 38(12): 1017-1023, 2017 Dec 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29365393

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of IA regimen which contains idarubicin (IDA) 8 mg/m(2), 10 mg/m(2) or 12 mg/m(2) as induction chemotherapy for adult patients with de-novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) . Methods: A total of 1 215 newly diagnosed adult AML patients, ranging from May 2011 to March 2015 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and other 36 clinical blood centers in China were enrolled in the multicenter, single-blind, non-randomized, clinical controlled study. To compare the response rate of complete remission (CR) , adverse events between different dose idarubicin combined with cytarabine (100 mg/m(2)) as induction chemotherapy in newly diagnosed patients of adult AML. Results: Of 1 207 evaluable AML patients were assigned to this analysis of CR rate. The CR rates of IDA 8 mg/m(2) group, IDA 10 mg/m(2) group and IDA 12 mg/m(2) group were 73.6% (215/292) , 84.1% (662/787) and 86.7% (111/128) , respectively (P<0.001) . After adjusted for age, blast ratio of bone marrow, FAB classification and risk stratification, the odds ratios (95% CI) of IDA 10 mg/m(2) group and IDA 12 mg/m(2) group were 0.49 (0.34-0.70) and 0.36 (0.18-0.71) , as compared with the IDA 8 mg/m(2) group (P<0.001, P=0.003) . In the intermediate and favorable groups, CR rates was 76.5% (163/213) , 86.9% (506/582) and 86.1% (68/79) in different doses of IDA (P=0.007) . Interestingly, IA regimen with IDA 10 mg/m(2) was the only beneficial factor affecting CR in this group after adjusted for age, blast ratio of bone marrow and FAB classification[OR=0.47 (95% CI 0.31-0.71) , P<0.001]. CR rates in adverse group was 50.0% (18/36) , 60.6% (43/71) and 81.8% (18/22) respectively (P=0.089) . However, the odds ratios (95% CI) of IDA 12 mg/m(2) when compared with the IDA 8 mg/m(2) was 0.22 (0.06-0.80) , after adjusted for age, blast ratio of bone marrow and FAB classification. The median time (days) of neutrophil count less than 0.5×10(9)/L in IDA 8 mg/m(2) group, IDA 10 mg/m(2) group and IDA 12 mg/m(2) group were 14 (11-18) , 15 (11-20) and 18 (14-22) , respectively (P=0.012) and of platelet count lower than 20×10(9)/L were 14 (7-17) , 15 (11-20) and 17 (15-21) , respectively (P=0.001) . The incidences of lung infection in the three groups were 9.8%, 13.5% and 25.2%, respectively (P<0.001) . Conclusions: For young adult patients (aged 18-60 years) with AML in China, intensifying induction therapy with idarubicin 10 mg/m(2) is clinically superior to IDA 8 mg/m(2) and IDA 12 mg/m(2) in favorable intermediate AML subgroup. However, idarubicin 12 mg/m(2) is more suitable to adverse AML subgroup.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Citarabina , Humanos , Idarubicina , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 35(5): 552-61, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22243034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a common disease without an established optimal treatment. AIM: To determine (i) the effect of acupuncture in relieving FD symptoms and improving life quality; (ii) the effect difference between acupoint and non-acupoint; and (iii) the effect difference among different acupoints. METHODS: A total of 712 eligible patients were included and randomly assigned to six groups (Group A: specific acupoints of the stomach meridian; Group B: non-specific acupoints of the stomach meridian; Group C: specific acupoints of alarm and transport points; Group D: specific acupoints of the gallbladder meridian; Group E: sham acupuncture of non-acupoints; and Group F: itopride). A treatment period of 4 weeks (continuous five sessions per week), and a follow-up period of 12 weeks were arranged. The outcomes were the (i) patients' response, (ii) symptoms improvement measured using the Symptom Index of Dyspepsia and (iii) quality-of-life improvement based on Nepean Dyspepsia Index. RESULTS: All groups had an improvement in dyspepsia symptoms and the QoL at the end of treatment, and the improvement was sustained for 4 weeks and 12 weeks. The overall response rate was significantly higher in acupuncture group A (70.69%), and lower in sham acupuncture group (34.75%), compared with itopride and other acupuncture groups. Similarly, the difference in symptoms and QoL improvement was significant between group A and the other acupuncture groups. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture is effective in the treatment of functional dyspepsia, and is superior to non-acupoint puncture. The benefit of acupuncture relies on acupoint specificity.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Dispepsia/terapia , Meridianos , Adulto , Dispepsia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Lupus ; 19(13): 1534-49, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20974656

RESUMO

B-cell activating factor belonging to tumour necrosis factor family (BAFF) is essential for B-cell survival and function through interaction with its receptors BAFF receptor 3 (BR3), B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) and/or transmembrane activator and calcium modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI), though BCMA and/or TACI can also bind to a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL). We evaluate the correlation of the expressions of these ligands/receptors with different clinical manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Levels of BAFF and APRIL in plasma from 73 SLE patients were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Expressions of BR3, TACI and BCMA on CD19+ B cells were detected by flow cytometry. Clinical data were collected and disease activity was evaluated using SLEDAI-2000. SLE patients had elevated BAFF and APRIL levels in their plasma. BAFF levels correlated positively with SLEDAI while negatively with the BR3 protein expression on CD19+ B cells (p < .05). The detected BR3 protein expression in SLE patients was reduced on CD19+IgD+CD27-, CD19+IgD+CD27+ as well as CD19+IgD-CD27+ B cells compared to the counterparts of healthy controls (p < .001), whereas SLE patients did not differ from healthy controls in BR3 mRNA levels. In untreated new-onset patients, the expression rate of BR3 on CD19+ B cells correlated negatively with SLEDAI (p < .05). Elevation of BAFF and reduction of BR3 on CD19+ B cells were more obvious in those with lupus nephritis (LN, p < .05). TACI expression on CD19+ B cells was up-regulated only in those subjects with LN (p < .05). Elevated plasma BAFF and reduced BR3 protein expression on peripheral B cells could act as biomarkers for active disease in SLE patients. High expression of TACI may indicate the occurrence of LN.


Assuntos
Fator Ativador de Células B/genética , Receptor do Fator Ativador de Células B/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Fator Ativador de Células B/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Nefrite Lúpica/genética , Nefrite Lúpica/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Proteína Transmembrana Ativadora e Interagente do CAML/genética , Membro 13 da Superfamília de Ligantes de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/sangue , Membro 13 da Superfamília de Ligantes de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Adulto Jovem
20.
Lupus ; 17(2): 93-9, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18250131

RESUMO

Neuropsychiatric (NP) events are severe manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and relate to poor outcome. The aims of this study are to investigate the NP manifestations of SLE and to identify the predictive factors for clinical outcome. There was a retrospective review of 240 hospital patients with primary NP events of SLE (NPSLE) from 1990 to 2004. Neuropsychiatric manifestations, SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) score, System lupus International Collaborating Clinic/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (SLICC/ACR-DI) score, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, treatment and mortality rate were included for analysis. From this group of patients, 15 NP syndromes were identified. The most frequent manifestation was headache, followed by seizure. The mean SLEDAI and SLICC/ACR-DI scores were 19.9 +/- 6.9 and 3.5 +/- 1.6, respectively. Abnormal MRI features were found in 67% (61/91) patients. At least one intrathecal (IT) injection of methotrexate (MTX) plus dexamethasone (DXM) was administered to 109 (45.4%) patients. High dose (1 g) intravenous methylprednisolone pulse therapy (IVMP) was administered to 167 (69.5%) patients. Multifactor analysis revealed that high SLICC/ACR-DI scores and sets of concurrent NP symptoms were independently associated with poor outcome, whereas pulse IVMP and IT injection of MTX plus DXM were protective factors against poor outcome. From our data, NPSLE is heterogeneous and is usually associated with high disease activity and organ damage scores. High SLICC/ACR-DI score and having more than two sets of NP symptoms are the predictors for poor outcome, whereas pulse IVMP and IT injection of MTX plus DXM can improve the prognosis.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada ao Lúpus do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Vasculite Associada ao Lúpus do Sistema Nervoso Central/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Encéfalo/patologia , China , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Vasculite Associada ao Lúpus do Sistema Nervoso Central/complicações , Vasculite Associada ao Lúpus do Sistema Nervoso Central/etnologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
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