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Hepatology ; 70(4): 1099-1118, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30820969

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. Due to the growing economic burden of NAFLD on public health, it has become an emergent target for clinical intervention. DUSP12 is a member of the dual specificity phosphatase (DUSP) family, which plays important roles in brown adipocyte differentiation, microbial infection, and cardiac hypertrophy. However, the role of DUSP12 in NAFLD has yet to be clarified. Here, we reveal that DUSP12 protects against hepatic steatosis and inflammation in L02 cells after palmitic acid/oleic acid treatment. We demonstrate that hepatocyte specific DUSP12-deficient mice exhibit high-fat diet (HFD)-induced and high-fat high-cholesterol diet-induced hyperinsulinemia and liver steatosis and decreased insulin sensitivity. Consistently, DUSP12 overexpression in hepatocyte could reduce HFD-induced hepatic steatosis, insulin resistance, and inflammation. At the molecular level, steatosis in the absence of DUSP12 was characterized by elevated apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1), which mediates the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and hepatic metabolism. DUSP12 physically binds to ASK1, promotes its dephosphorylation, and inhibits its action on ASK1-related proteins, JUN N-terminal kinase, and p38 MAPK in order to inhibit lipogenesis under high-fat conditions. Conclusion: DUSP12 acts as a positive regulator in hepatic steatosis and offers potential therapeutic opportunities for NAFLD.

2.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(9): 1016-1022, 2018 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29553052

RESUMO

Background: The interpretation of spirometry varies on different reference values. Older people are usually underrepresented in published predictive values. This study aimed at developing spirometric reference equations for elderly Chinese in Jinan aged 60-84 years and to compare them to previous equations. Methods: The project covered all of Jinan city, and the recruitment period lasted 9 months from January 1, 2017 to September 30, 2017, 434 healthy people aged 60-84 years who had never smoked (226 females and 208 males) were recruited to undergo spirometry. Vital capacity (VC), forced VC (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), FEV1/FVC, FEV1/VC, FEV6, peak expiratory flow, and forced expiratory flow at 25%, 50%, 75%, and 25-75% of FVC exhaled (FEF25%, FEF50%, FEF75%, and FEF25-75%) were analyzed. Reference equations for mean and the lower limit of normal (LLN) were derived using the lambda-mu-sigma method. Comparisons between new and previous equations were performed by paired t-test. Results: New reference equations were developed from the sample. The LLN of FEV1/FVC, FEF25-75%computed using the 2012-Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) and 2006-Hong Kong equations were both lower than the new equations. The biggest degree of difference for FEV1/FVC was 19% (70.46% vs. 59.29%, t = 33.954, P < 0.01) and for maximal midexpiratory flow (MMEF, equals to FEF25-75%) was 22% (0.82 vs. 0.67, t = 21.303, P < 0.01). The 1990-North China and 2009-North China equations predicted higher mean values of FEV1/FVC and FEF25-75%than the present model. The biggest degrees of difference were -4% (78.31% vs. 81.27%, t = -85.359, P < 0.01) and -60% (2.11 vs. 4.68, t = -170.287, P < 0.01), respectively. Conclusions: The newly developed spirometric reference equations are applicable to elderly Chinese in Jinan. The 2012-GLI and 2006-Hong Kong equations may lead to missed diagnoses of obstructive ventilatory defects and the small airway dysfunction, while traditional linear equations for all ages may lead to overdiagnosis.


Assuntos
Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Espirometria/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Testes de Função Respiratória
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