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2.
Int Braz J Urol ; 41(2): 296-303, 2015 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26005971

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To present our surgical techniques and experiences of retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephroureterectomy for the treatment of tuberculous nonfunctioning kidneys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2005 to March 2013, a total of 51 patients with tuberculous nonfunctioning kidney underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephroureterectomy at our medical center. The techniques included early control of renal vessels and dissection of the diseased kidney along the underlying layer outside the Gerato's fascia. The distal ureter was dissected through a Gibson incision and the entire specimen was removed en bloc from the incision. Patient demographics, perioperative characteristics and laboratory parameters as well as postoperative outcome were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephroureterectomy was successfully performed in 50 patients, whereas one case required conversion to open surgery due to non-progression of dissection. The mean operating time was 123.0 minutes (107-160 minutes) and the mean estimated blood loss was 134 mL (80-650 mL).The mean postoperative hospital stay was 3.6 days (3-5 days) and the mean return to normal activity was 11.6 days (10-14 days). Most intra-operative and post-operative complications were minor complications and can be managed conservatively. After 68 months (12-96 months) follow-up, the outcome was satisfactory, and ureteral stump syndrome did not occur. CONCLUSIONS: Retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephroureterectomy as a minimally invasive treatment option is feasible for treatment of tuberculous nonfunctioning kidneys.


Assuntos
Rim/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Tuberculose Renal/cirurgia , Ureter/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espaço Retroperitoneal/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(2): 296-303, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-748294

RESUMO

Purpose To present our surgical techniques and experiences of retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephroureterectomy for the treatment of tuberculous nonfunctioning kidneys. Materials and Methods From March 2005 to March 2013, a total of 51 patients with tuberculous nonfunctioning kidney underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephroureterectomy at our medical center. The techniques included early control of renal vessels and dissection of the diseased kidney along the underlying layer outside the Gerato’s fascia. The distal ureter was dissected through a Gibson incision and the entire specimen was removed en bloc from the incision. Patient demographics, perioperative characteristics and laboratory parameters as well as postoperative outcome were retrospectively reviewed. Results Retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephroureterectomy was successfully performed in 50 patients, whereas one case required conversion to open surgery due to non-progression of dissection. The mean operating time was 123.0 minutes (107-160 minutes) and the mean estimated blood loss was 134 mL (80-650 mL).The mean postoperative hospital stay was 3.6 days (3-5days) and the mean return to normal activity was 11.6 days (10-14days). Most intra-operative and post-operative complications were minor complications and can be managed conservatively. After 68 months (12-96 months) follow-up, the outcome was satisfactory, and ureteral stump syndrome did not occur. Conclusions Retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephroureterectomy as a minimally invasive treatment option is feasible for treatment of tuberculous nonfunctioning kidneys. .


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Rim/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Tuberculose Renal/cirurgia , Ureter/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Tempo de Internação , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espaço Retroperitoneal/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Chronic Dis Transl Med ; 1(3): 163-168, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29063003

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical safety and efficacy of the retrograde perfusion technique in kidney transplantation. METHODS: Between January 2001 and June 2011, 24 cases of kidney transplantation with kidneys perfused using the retrograde perfusion technique due to renal artery variations or injury were selected as the observation group (retrograde perfussion group, RP group). Twenty-two cases of kidney transplantation via conventional perfusion were chosen as the control group (antegrade perfussion group, AP group). There were no statistically significant differences in donor data between the two groups. Cold ischemia time, warm ischemia time, renal perfusion time, amount of perfusion fluid, acute renal tubular necrosis, wound infection, urinary fistula, graft kidney function, and the 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year survival rates for the grafted kidney in both groups were observed and recorded. RESULTS: The kidney perfusion time was shorter in the RP group than that in the AP group (3.14 ± 1.00 vs. 5.02 ± 1.15 min, P = 0.030). There were 10 cases of acute renal tubule necrosis in the RP group and 5 in the AP group. The length of hospital stay was 40 ± 14 d in the RP group and 25 ± 12 d in the AP group. The follow-up time was 3.5-8.5 years (mean 6.25 years). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates for the grafted kidney were 95.8%, 75.5%, and 65.5% in the RP group and 97.1%, 82.5%, and 68.4% in the AP group, respectively (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that retrograde perfusion is safe and practicable for cadaveric kidney harvesting and can be regarded as a better alternative or remedial measure for a poorly perfused kidney due to vascular deformity or injury.

6.
Oncol Lett ; 8(3): 1208-1210, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25120689

RESUMO

Sarcomatoid carcinoma is a high-grade malignant neoplasm which exhibits morphological and/or immunohistochemical evidence of bidirectional epithelial and mesenchymal differentiation. Sarcomatoid carcinoma occurring in the upper urinary tract is rare. The present study reports a case of primary sarcomatoid carcinoma of the renal pelvis. A 49-year-old female patient was admitted to Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital for experiencing two weeks of intermittent hematuria. A computed tomography scan revealed a mass of 2 cm in diameter in the left renal pelvis. A retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy combined with a bladder cuff excision was performed, and the final pathological diagnosis was sarcomatoid carcinoma of the renal pelvis. The patient did not receive systemic chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Regular follow-up was performed for 30 months, and there was no evidence of tumor local recurrence or distant metastasis.

7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 94(12): 932-4, 2014 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24854915

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the mid-long-term efficacies of orthotopic urinary diversion in women. METHODS: From February 2003 to August 2012, 28 female patients with bladder cancer underwent radical cystectomy and orthotopic ileal neobladder.Open (n = 18) and laparoscopic (n = 9) procedures were performed.Ileal neobladder included 17 T-pouch and 11 modified Studer pouch reconstruction. The continence status, urodynamics, serum electrolyte and renal function were followed up. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 55 (8-114) months.Excellent continence was achieved during day-time in 82.1%, 92.3% and 90.5% cases at 6, 12 and 24 months postoperatively and in 53.6%, 88.5% and 90.5% cases at night respectively. The mean capacity of pouch was 282 ± 87, 345 ± 72 and 357 ± 75 ml at 6, 12 and 24 months postoperatively respectively. The mean filling pressure of pouch was 10.8 ± 3.2, 6.7 ± 2.6 and 6.2 ± 2.1 cmH2O postoperatively respectively.One case of neobladder-vaginal fistula was cured by surgical repair. Another case of urethral stenosis responded well after regular dilation for 6 months.Renal function and electrolyte metabolism were stable in all cases. There was no instance of tumor recurrence or metastasis. CONCLUSION: Orthotopic urinary diversion in females has excellent long-term results with fewer complications so that it is highly recommended.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Cistectomia/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Íleo/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia
8.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 127(5): 865-8, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24571878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery through the retroperitoneal approach has been seldom reported. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of LESS and conventional laparoscopic surgery via the retroperitoneal approach in the management of large, impacted ureteral calculi. METHODS: Between November 2011 and July 2013, retroperitoneal LESS ureterolithotomy was performed in 12 patients using a homemade single-port device comprising a surgical glove and several strips of tape. Another 16 patients underwent conventional retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy. We compared the operative time, complications, and surgical outcomes, retrospectively. RESULTS: All patients were completed without conversion to conventional laparoscopic or open surgery. The operative time of the LESS group and of the conventional laparoscopic group were (125.3 ± 12.8) minutes and (116.9 ± 14.4) minutes, respectively (P = 0.119). The intraoperative blood loss was (42.9 ± 8.9) and (43.4 ± 14.7) ml, respectively (P = 0.914). Postoperative radiologic evaluation revealed that the stones had been removed completely. Cosmetic results were superior in the LESS group (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Retroperitoneal LESS ureterolithotomy using a homemade single-port device can be considered a feasible and safe alternative to conventional laparoscopic ureterolithotomy.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Espaço Retroperitoneal/cirurgia , Cálculos Ureterais/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
World J Urol ; 31(1): 205-11, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23053215

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To present our surgical techniques for retroperitoneal laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) pyelopyelostomy for retrocaval ureter and our initial experience with this method in 4 patients. METHODS: From June 2010 to May 2011, 4 patients with retrocaval ureter underwent retroperitoneal LESS pyelopyelostomy with a homemade single-port device and standard straight laparoscopic instruments. The single-port device was made with a surgical glove and Foley catheter and allowed the introduction of three trocars. A 3-cm incision was made at the middle axillary line, midway between the iliac crest and the twelfth rib. The retrocaval segment of the ureter was mobilized and transposed anteriorly to the inferior vena cava. The pyelopyelostomy anastomosis was completed with intracorporeal freehand suturing. A double-pigtail ureteral stent assembly was implanted in 3 of the 4 patients. RESULTS: All retroperitoneal LESS pyelopyelostomies were successful without conversion to standard laparoscopy or open surgery. The mean operating time was 105 min (range, 90-135 min). The mean blood loss was 18 mL (range, 5-50 mL). None of the patients required blood transfusion. The double-pigtail ureteral stent was removed 4-6 weeks postoperatively. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 7.3 days (range, 6-9 days). No intraoperative or postoperative complications occurred. At a mean follow-up of 10 months, excellent improvement in the ureteral obstruction was observed. CONCLUSIONS: We report our initial experience using LESS for the treatment of retrocaval ureter. Our results in 4 patients suggest that this minimally invasive approach is a feasible treatment of retrocaval ureter. Long-term follow-up of more cases is needed to confirm its benefits.


Assuntos
Pelve Renal/cirurgia , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espaço Retroperitoneal , Resultado do Tratamento , Ureter/anormalidades , Obstrução Ureteral/congênito
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 92(2): 114-6, 2012 Jan 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22490694

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To introduce a novel technique of ureterointestinal anastomosis for urinary diversion and report the preliminary clinical data. METHODS: Between June 2007 and June 2011, a total of 50 patients underwent radical cystectomy and ileal neobladder for invasive bladder carcinoma or carcinoma in situ. A novel, separate and direct end-to-end technique for ureteral reimplantation to the entrance of a segment of ileum was applied. in all patients. Details are as follow. The entrance of afferent loop was divided equally in to two lumens. Then each ureter was directly, end-to-end anastomosed to the above lumens respectively after lengthwise incisions for 1.5 cm. The mean follow-up period was 22 months (range, 3 - 48 months). RESULTS: Ureterointestinal anastomosis was performed successfully in 100 units. The operative durations were (18.4 ± 4.2) minutes. Ureteral stricture developed in 4 of 100 (4%) units and refluxing in 6 of 100 (6%) units. One patient with stricture was successful repaired by balloon dilation. CONCLUSION: With low stricture and reflux rates, this novel procedure of ureterointestinal anastomosis is simple to handle and worthy of further promotion.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/cirurgia , Carcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Cistectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Urol Int ; 88(3): 338-42, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22441243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of intraoperative laparoscopic ultrasonography (ILUS) in retrolaparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery. METHODS: A total of 81 cases were studied during a 5-year period: 38 patients with a benign renal tumor who underwent enucleation of the tumor and 43 patients with a suspected malignant renal tumor who underwent wedge resection of the tumor. ILUS was used to evaluate renal perfusion, locate the tumor, precisely delineate the tumor border, characterize the tumor, and look for any suspected satellite renal masses. RESULTS: All procedures were successful without conversion to open surgery. The mean operating time was 106 min for enucleation (range 70- 150 min) and 114 min for wedge resection (range 80- 235 min). The mean size of benign tumors was 4.02 cm and that of malignant tumors was 3.13 cm, and all margins were negative. An additional renal artery branch was detected in 11 patients. In 2 cases the operative procedure was changed based on the ILUS findings. No satellite lesion was found in any of the patients with malignant tumors. CONCLUSIONS: ILUS provides significant benefit in retrolaparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery. In a number of situations, especially endogenic lesions, it is an essential surgical tool.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 91(24): 1702-4, 2011 Jun 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21914321

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the preliminary experiences of 13 cases of laparoscopic radical cystectomy and construction of orthotopic T pouch ileal neobladder and evaluate the oncological and functional outcomes of this procedure. METHODS: From August 2005 through July 2009, 13 patients underwent radical cystectomy and standard lymphadenectomy followed by construction of orthotopic T pouch ileal neobladder via mini-laparotomy for muscular invasive bladder cancer. The data were analyzed according to procedure time, blood loss volume, transfusion volume, number of dissected lymph nodes, peri-operative complications, morphology and function of upper urinary tract and status of urinary continence. RESULTS: The mean operating duration was 6 (5 - 8) hours, estimated volume of blood loss 480 (100 - 800) ml, transfusion volume 133 (0 - 400) ml and the number of dissected lymph nodes 16 (8 - 22). There was no peri-operative mortality. The peri-operative complications were found in 15.4% (2/13) and included urine leak at neobladder-urethra junction managed by drainage (n = 1) and urine leak at ureter-neobladder junction repaired (n = 1). The complete daytime continence rate was 84.6% (11/13), complete nocturnal continence rate 46.1% (6/13) and < 1 pad in 30.8% (4/13). No reflux into afferent limb of neobladder was observed by cystography. Temporary dilation of upper urinary tract was observed in 23.1% (3/13) at Day 45 post-operation and later it disappeared spontaneously. Serum creatinine remained in a normal range in all patients. Within a follow-up of 24 (16 - 63) months, 7.7% (1/13) died of myocardial infarction at Month 55 post-operation. And 92.3% (12/13) survived without a local relapse or a distal metastasis. CONCLUSION: Within an intermediate follow-up period, the oncological and functional outcomes are encouraging after laparoscopic radical cystectomy and construction of orthotopic T pouch ileal neobladder via mini-laparotomy. The anti-reflux mechanism is effective to preserve the morphology and function of upper urinary tract.


Assuntos
Cistectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Íleo/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Resultado do Tratamento , Uretra/cirurgia
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 90(44): 3099-102, 2010 Nov 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21211336

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the urodynamics and functions of upper urinary tract in a substitute of orthotopic T pouch ileal bladder. METHODS: From June 2004 through September 2009, 90 patients underwent the construction of an orthotopic T pouch ileal neobladder after radical cystectomy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The radiographic or ultrasound evaluation of upper urinary tract, determination of renal functions and urodynamic evaluation of T pouch ileal neobladder were performed by data analysis. RESULTS: Renal function as determined by serum creatinine remained in a normal range in all patients. Temporary dilation of renal pelvic and ureter was observed in 18 patients (20.0%) at Day 45 post-operation and then disappeared spontaneously in the late follow-up. A slight dilation of collecting system was found in other 4 patients (4.4%), but there was no negative impact on renal function. Reflux into afferent limb of neobladder was observed in 4 patients (4.4%) by cystography. Excellent daytime and nighttime continence was reported in 100% and 82.2% of evaluated patients respectively. The urodynamic assessment showed a mean capacity of (316 ± 96) ml with a mean intra-bladder pressure of (16 ± 10) cm H2O. These evaluated patients voided with a mean maximum intra-bladder pressure of (87 ± 25) cm H2O, a mean maximum flow rate of (17 ± 10) ml/s and a mean residual urine of (33 ± 29) ml. CONCLUSION: With an intermediate follow-up, the functional results of T pouch ileal neobladder are encouraging with an excellent capacity and compliance, successful daytime and nighttime continence and anti-reflux mechanism.


Assuntos
Cistectomia/reabilitação , Íleo/transplante , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/reabilitação , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Coletores de Urina , Urodinâmica
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 86(28): 1975-7, 2006 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17064594

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of combining pneumatic and ultrasonic power during PCNL. METHODS: From Sep 2003 to Aug 2005, we treated 486 patients (509 kidneys) by combining pneumatic and ultrasonic power during percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Clinical data were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The percutaneous renal access was successfully established in 478 patients under ultrasound guidance and immediate phase I lithotripsy was performed, and delayed phase II lithotripsy was performed for 6 patients. Average time required for entire procedure is 73 mins, and average time for stone management is 41 mins. No severe complications occurred. No Residual stone fragment in 438 kidneys, stone free rate was 86.1%. Residual stone fragment was found in 71 kidneys by postoperative KUB and received second PCNL or adjuvant ESWL. CONCLUSION: The combined application of pneumatic and ultrasonic power in PCNL appears to be efficacious and safe for disintegrating and removing renal calculi.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/terapia , Litotripsia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Cálculos Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Litotripsia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrostomia Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Segurança , Ultrassonografia
15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 44(6): 386-8, 2006 Mar 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16638348

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of management of renal stone in non-dilated collecting system by percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) under ultrasound guidance. METHOD: From September 2003 to April 2005, 132 cases of renal stone in non-dilated collecting system were performed by percutaneous nephrolithotripsy. A stent was first inserted into the pelvis through cystoscope, and saline was instilled to dilate collecting system. Antegrade percutaneous access was obtained by B-type ultrasound guidance. A combination pneumatic and ultrasonic lithotrite were used to disintegrate and remove stone under direct vision. Clinical data including operation time, complications and stone free rate were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The percutaneous renal access was successfully established under B-type ultrasound guidance in all patients, immediate phase I lithotripsy was performed in 129 cases and delayed phase II lithotripsy in 3 cases. Operation time ranged from 70 to 130 minutes, average time was (89 +/- 11) minutes, 3 cases were supported by blood transfusion, severe complications did not occur during nephrolithotripsy. Stones were cleared in 114 out of 132 cases (86.4%) during immediate phase I lithotripsy, residual stone fragment was found in 18 cases who received second PCNL or adjuvant extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. CONCLUSION: The management of renal stone in non-dilated collecting system using PCNL appears to be efficacious and safe under B-type ultrasound guidance.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/terapia , Litotripsia/métodos , Nefrostomia Percutânea/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Cálices Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Punções/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia
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