Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 945
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 843-849, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456481

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the safety of myomectomy in twin pregnant women with intramural myomas during cesarean section. Methods: The clinical data of 145 cases of twin pregnancies with intramural myomas who were delivered by cesarean section in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2013 to December 2021 were collected. Maternal demographics, fibroids' characteristics, maternal and fetal outcomes were compared between groups of cesarean section with myomectomy (myomectomy group, 49 cases) and cesarean section only (non-myomectomy group, 96 cases). Results: Compared with non-myomectomy group, myomectomy group had significantly prolonged operative time [50.0 minutes (37.5-57.5 minutes) vs 40.0 minutes (35.0-50.0 minutes), respectively; P=0.007] and significantly longer postoperative hospital stay [4.0 days (3.0-4.0 days) vs 3.0 days (3.0-4.0 days), respectively; P=0.047). Other maternal and fetal outcomes such as estimated blood loss, hemoglobin difference, postpartum hemorrhage, blood transfusion, B-Lynch structure, uterine artery ligation, postoperative fever and neonatal Apgar score showed no significant differences (all P>0.05). For intramural myomas <5 cm, there were no significant differences in maternal and fetal outcomes between myomectomy group and non-myomectomy group (all P>0.05). For intramural myomas ≥5 cm, operative time [55.0 minutes (40.0-60.0 minutes) vs 42.5 minutes (40.0-50.0 minutes), respectively; P=0.019] was significantly prolonged, postoperative hospital stay [4.0 days (4.0-5.0 days) vs 4.0 days (3.0-4.0 days), respectively; P=0.048] was significantly longer in myomectomy group than non-myomectomy group, but there were no significant differences in other maternal and fetal outcomes (all P>0.05). Conclusion: For twin pregnancies with intramural myomas, it is safe and feasible to remove intramural myomas during cesarean section by experienced obstetricians.


Assuntos
Leiomioma , Mioma , Miomectomia Uterina , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Cesárea , Miomectomia Uterina/efeitos adversos , Leiomioma/cirurgia
2.
Public Health ; 213: 78-84, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395683

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the impact of deviant peer affiliation on migrant children's school adaptation in China and explore the mediating role of mental health in the relationship between deviant peer affiliation and school adaptation among migrant children. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study based on secondary data. METHODS: This study was based on the nationally representative China Education Panel Survey. Multiple linear regression models were used to quantify the relationship between deviant peer affiliation and school adaptation among 1,012 migrant children aged 12-17 years. Bootstrap test was used to evaluate the mediating effect of children's mental health. RESULTS: Deviant peer affiliation showed a significant negative impact on the school adaptation of migrant children (ß = -0.41, 95% confidence interval = -0.56 to -0.26). The relationship between deviant peer affiliation and school adaptation was partially mediated by children's mental health, resulting in an indirect effect of deviant peer affiliation on their school adaptation through their mental health (ß = -0.05, 95% confidence interval = -0.09 to -0.03). The mediating role of mental health could explain 11.4% of the relationship between deviant peer affiliation and school adaptation. CONCLUSIONS: Among migrant children, deviant peer affiliation showed unique effects on their school adaptation. Taking care of their mental health might help improve their school adaptation.

3.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(10): 1146-1154, 2022 Oct 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319462

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features and prognosis of patients with cutaneous melanoma. Methods: The clinical data and follow-up data of 125 patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) treated in the Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology between February 2008 and August 2019 were collected. Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, and Cox proportional risk regression model was used for impact factor analysis. Results: Among the 125 patients, 12 were stage Ⅰ, 62 were stage Ⅱ, 30 were stage Ⅲ, and 21 were stage Ⅳ; 76 were acral and 49 were non-acral. The median survival time was 44 months, and the 1-, 2-, and 5-year survival rates were 85.4%, 63.2% and 38.7%, respectively. Kaplan-Meier univariate survival analysis showed that Karnofsky performance status score, tumor stage, primary site, vascular infiltration, Ki-67, BRAF, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and surgical treatment were related to the prognosis of patients (P<0.05). The median overall survival (OS) time of patients receiving interferon treatment was 53 months, which was better than 40 months of patients not receiving interferon treatment, but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.448). Among stage Ⅲ patients, the median OS time of patients receiving interferon therapy was 40 months, which was better than 17 months of patients not receiving interferon therapy (P=0.012). Among stage Ⅱ patients, the 1-, 2-, and 5-year survival rates of acral patients were 97.1%, 84.7%, and 65.8%, and the 1-, 2-, and 5-year survival rates of non-acral patients were 93.3%, 70.0% and 17.0%. The prognosis of patients with stage Ⅱ acral type was better than that of non-acral type (P=0.043). The median survival time of stage Ⅲ patients with acral type was 32 months, better than 17 months of non-acral type, but the difference was not statistical significance (P=0.164). The median survival time of acral type and non-acral type was 8 months and 11 months respectively (P=0.458). Cox multivariate analysis showed that tumor stage and preoperative LDH level were independent prognostic risk factors for cutaneous melanoma. Conclusions: Interferon treatment can improve the prognosis of patients with stage Ⅲ, and stage Ⅱ acral type patients have better prognosis than that of non-acral type patients. Tumor stage and preoperative LDH level were independent prognostic risk factors for cutaneous melanoma.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , Melanoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Prognóstico , Interferons , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(10): 1043-1047, 2022 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36266078

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of computer aided design and computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) ceramic endocrowns in endodontically treated posterior teeth after five years by a retrospective study. Methods: Patients who received CAD/CAM ceramic endocrowns after endodontically treatment in Department of Endodontics, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University between January 2016 and June 2017 were invited for this clinical study. Clinical performance was evaluated in the aspect of color match, anatomic form,marginal adaptation, restoration integrity and secondary caries. Survival rate of the restorations was calculated by the use of Kaplan-Meier method. Log-rank test was applied as well for the sake of analyzing the effect of tooth position, sex and materials to the survival rate of the restorations. Results: Seventy-four patients, 25 men and 49 women with age of (38.8±10.2) years, participated in this study for a total of 101 CAD/CAM ceramic endocrowns after observation period of (62.8±12.0) months. There were 8 failed cases among 101 restorations, 5 were loss of retention, 2 were ceramic fracture and 1 was secondary caries respectively. In particular, 93% (89/96) restorations got score A on anatomic form and 95% (91/96) restorations got score A on marginal adaptation, while 38% (36/96) restorations showed the good color match compared with the abutment teeth. The estimated cumulative survival rate of CAD/CAM ceramic endocrowns in endodontically treated posterior teeth after 5 years was 93.0% (95%CI: 87.9%-98.1%). The single-factor Log-rank analysis demonstrated that there was no statistically significant difference in the survival rate of CAD/CAM ceramic endocrowns among men and women, premolars and molars, position in the dental arch, or different materials (χ²<0.01, P=0.957; χ²=0.64, P=0.422; χ²=0.69, P=0.407; χ²=0.88, P=0.349). Conclusions: Based on this clinical study, the clinical performance of CAD/CAM ceramic endocrowns in endodontically treated posterior teeth after five years is reliable, which could be a general option to restore nonvital teeth.


Assuntos
Coroas , Porcelana Dentária , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Porcelana Dentária/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Cerâmica
5.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 45(9): 941-946, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097933

RESUMO

Tuberculosis is a major public health problem threatening human health and life. Although the level of diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis has greatly improved in recent years, it is still one of the major infectious diseases causing human death. Tuberculosis has the characteristics of both chronic and infectious diseases, and is affected by many factors. Identification of the risk factors associated with tuberculosis death has certain guiding value for the prevention and control of tuberculosis. This articled reviewed recent studies on risk factors associated with tuberculosis death both in China and abroad. Male, old age, smoking, drinking, low socioeconomic level, malnutrition, drug resistance, AIDS and diabetes mellitus were found to increase the risk of tuberculosis mortality. It is expected that these findings could provide useful information to clinicians for taking necessary interventions to reduce tuberculosis mortality.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Diabetes Mellitus , Desnutrição , Tuberculose , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Tuberculose/epidemiologia
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(33): 2583-2589, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058682

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinical effects of minimally invasive intermuscular atlantoaxial lateral mass fusion (Mis-PALF) and open atlantoaxial fusion in patients with atlantoaxial dislocation. Methods: The clinical data of patients with atlantoaxial dislocation who received Mis-PALF operation (17 cases) or open atlantoaxial fusion (88 cases, as control) in the Third Hospital of Peking University from September 2015 to September 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. In Mis-PALF group, there were 9 males and 8 females, aged (45.8±19.8) years; and there were 48 males and 40 females in the control group, aged (50.0±13.9) years. The operation time, perioperative blood loss, postoperative body temperature, postoperative pain [assessed with visual analogue scale (VAS)], postoperative additional analgesic drugs, postoperative hospitalization time, the improvement rate of Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scores of spinal cord function in three-months follow-up and complications were compared between the two groups. Results: Mis-PALF group had less perioperative blood loss than control group [(111.8±35.9)ml vs (362.9±18.6)ml, P<0.01], shorter hospitalization time [(3.06±0.63) days vs (4.24±0.14) days, P<0.01] and fewer additional analgesic drugs (3/17 vs 56/88, P<0.01). There was no significant difference between the Mis-PALF and control group in operation time [(125±7)min vs (113±8)min, P=0.525], patients with fever(11/17 vs 37/88, P=0.086) or postoperative pain (1/17 vs 13/88, P=0.357), the improvement rate of JOA score (66.9%±28.8% vs 74.2%±28.6%, P=0.409) and complications rate (1/17 vs 3/88, P=1.000). Conclusion: Mis-PALF can significantly reduce the perioperative blood loss, shorten the postoperative hospitalization time and the additionally use of analgesic drugs without increasing complications.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Fusão Vertebral , Articulação Atlantoaxial/anormalidades , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Anormalidades Congênitas , Feminino , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Masculino , Dor Pós-Operatória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Dent Res ; : 220345221118508, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112881

RESUMO

In the salivary glands, fibrosis occurs in many pathological conditions. Endothelial tight junction (TJ)-based barrier function plays a vital role in maintaining the homeostasis of the salivary glands. However, whether endothelial barrier function is changed and involved in the pathogenesis of glandular fibrosis is unknown. Here, by using a mouse model in which the main excretory duct of the submandibular gland (SMG) was ligated to induce inflammation and fibrosis, endothelial barrier function and TJ protein expression and distribution were examined. Both 4-kDa and 70-kDa fluorescence-labeled dextrans permeated more in the 1-, 3-, and 7-d ligated SMGs. Meanwhile, the mRNA level of claudin-5 was increased with an obvious redistribution from apicolateral membranes to lateral membranes and cytoplasm in the fibrotic glands. Notably, the TJ sealer AT1001 significantly attenuated the disrupted endothelial barrier function and thereby ameliorated the glandular fibrosis. Cytokine array detection showed that monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) was highly enriched in the 3-d ligated SMGs, and MCP-1 directly impaired barrier function, increased claudin-5 expression, induced the relocalization of claudin-5, and activated p-ERK1/2 in cultured human endothelial cells. Furthermore, the upregulation and disorganization of claudin-5 as well as the elevation of MCP-1 and p-ERK1/2 signaling were also confirmed in fibrotic SMGs from patients with chronic sialadenitis and immunoglobulin G4-related sialadenitis. Altogether, our findings revealed that disrupted endothelial barrier function contributed to the progression of glandular fibrosis, and targeting endothelial TJs might be a promising approach to alleviate salivary gland fibrosis-related diseases.

8.
J Dairy Sci ; 105(11): 8824-8838, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36175230

RESUMO

Acetate supplementation has been shown to increase milk fat yield in diets with low risk of biohydrogenation-induced milk fat depression. The interaction of acetate supplementation with specific dietary factors that modify rumen fermentation and short-chain fatty acid (FA) synthesis has not been investigated. The objective of this experiment was to determine the effect of acetate supplemented as sodium acetate at 2 dietary fiber levels. Our hypothesis was that acetate would increase milk fat production more in animals fed the low-fiber diet. Twelve lactating multiparous Holstein cows were arranged in a 4 × 4 Latin square design balanced for carryover effects with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of dietary fiber level and acetate supplementation with 21-d experimental periods. The high-fiber diet had 32% neutral detergent fiber and 21.8% starch, and the low-fiber diet had 29.5% neutral detergent fiber and 28.7% starch created by substitution of forages predominantly for ground corn grain. Acetate was supplemented in the diet at an average 2.8% of dry matter (DM) to provide approximately 10 mol/d of acetate as anhydrous sodium acetate. Acetate supplementation increased DM intake by 6%, with no effect on meal frequency or size. Furthermore, acetate supplementation slightly increased total-tract apparent DM digestibility and tended to increase organic matter digestibility. Acetate supplementation increased milk fat concentration and yield by 8.6 and 10.5%, respectively, but there was no interaction with dietary fiber. The increase in milk fat synthesis was associated with 46 and 85 g/d increases in the yield of de novo (<16C) and mixed source (16C) FA, respectively, with no changes in yield of preformed FA (>16C). There was a 9% increase in the concentration of milk mixed-source FA and a 7% decrease in milk preformed FA with acetate supplementation, regardless of dietary fiber level. Acetate supplementation also increased the concentrations of plasma acetate and ß-hydroxybutyrate, major metabolic substrates for mammary lipogenesis. Overall, acetate supplementation increased milk fat yield regardless of dietary fiber level through an increase mostly caused by an increase in longer-chain de novo FA, suggesting stimulation of mammary lipogenesis. The heightened mammary de novo lipogenesis was supported by an increase in the concentration of metabolic substrates in plasma.


Assuntos
Lactação , Leite , Feminino , Bovinos , Animais , Leite/metabolismo , Lactação/fisiologia , Acetato de Sódio/farmacologia , Ração Animal/análise , Ácido 3-Hidroxibutírico/metabolismo , Detergentes/metabolismo , Digestão , Fibras na Dieta/metabolismo , Rúmen/metabolismo , Dieta/veterinária , Comportamento Alimentar , Suplementos Nutricionais , Amido/metabolismo
9.
Br Poult Sci ; : 1-10, 2022 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093974

RESUMO

1. In a previous high-throughput sequencing study, a novel circular RNA (circRNA) generated from a SUN domain containing ossification factor (SUCO) gene transcript (circSUCO) was differentially expressed during the embryonic muscle development. This study aimed to further explore the effect of circSUCO on chicken skeletal muscle development.2. The experiment analysed the expression patterns of circSUCO in Tianfu broilers and clarified its function in the chicken skeletal muscle satellite cells (SMSC) after circSUCO knockdown. The qPCR results showed circSUCO was highly expressed in skeletal muscle and has different expression levels during various development periods.3. Mechanistically, a series of in vitro experiments showed that circSUCO interference suppressed proliferation and differentiation of SMSC. In addition, it was observed that circSUCO competitively binds with microRNAs such as miR-15a, miR-15b-5p, and miR-15c-5p according to the dual-luciferase assay and qPCR.4. Correlation was positive between the circSUCO expression level and the ratio of the breast muscle. The results revealed that circSUCO could play a positive role in proliferation and differentiation of SMSC via sponging miR-15a, miR-15b-5p, and miR-15c-5p, hence, may contribute to skeletal muscle development in chicken.

10.
Br Poult Sci ; : 1-10, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102935

RESUMO

1. This study explored the tissue metabolic status and the relationship with inflammation in valgus-valgus deformity (VVD) broilers with increasing age.2. Tissue and blood from VVD and healthy broilers were collected at two, four and five weeks old. A fully automated biochemical analyser, real-time PCR, HE staining and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect tissue metabolic indexes, mRNA levels of inflammation and apoptosis cytokines in immune organs, histological changes and serum inflammation and immune-related protein contents in VVD broilers.3. The results showed that VVD increased the levels of total protein, albumin, alanine aminotransferase at five weeks of age, aspartate aminotransferase, urea and creatine kinase in blood at two weeks of age. It upregulated the gene expression of inflammatory factors IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, NF-κB and TGF-ß and apoptotic factors FAS, Bcl-2, caspase-3 and 9 in immune organs; increased levels of serum proteins TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6 and decreased levels of serum immunoglobulins IgY and CD3+.4. In addition, with increasing age, IL-10 gene expression gradually increased in the BF and decreased in the spleen.5. In conclusion, VVD broilers have disorders of liver and kidney metabolism, inflammation and apoptosis of immune organs and increased levels of serum inflammatory factor proteins.

11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 155: 113700, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152411

RESUMO

The metabotropic γ-aminobutyric acid type B receptor (GABABR) remains a hotspot in the recent research area. Being an idiosyncratic G-protein coupled receptor family member, the GABABR manifests adaptively tailored functionality under multifarious modulations by a constellation of agents, pointing to cross-talk between receptors and effectors that converge on the domains of mood and memory. This review systematically summarizes the latest achievements in signal transduction mechanisms of the GABABR-effector-regulator complex and probes how the up-and down-regulation of membrane-delimited GABABRs are associated with manifold intrinsic and extrinsic agents in synaptic strength and plasticity. Neuropsychiatric conditions depression and addiction share the similar pathophysiology of synapse inadaptability underlying negative mood-related processes, memory formations, and impairments. In the attempt to emphasize all convergent discoveries, we hope the insights gained on the GABABR system mechanisms of action are conducive to designing more therapeutic candidates so as to refine the prognosis rate of diseases and minimize side effects.


Assuntos
Depressão , Receptores de GABA-B , Humanos , Sinapses , Transtornos da Memória , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico
12.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 43(6): 506-512, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35968595

RESUMO

Objective: To optimize the stimulation and activation system of mouse CD3(+) T cells in vitro and explore the optimal infection time of CD3(+) T cells to establish mouse CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T cells (mCD19 CAR-T) , and to also verify its killing effect in vivo and in vitro. Method: Splenic CD3(+)T cells were isolated and purified using magnetic beads, and the cells were cultured in Soluble anti-CD3/CD28, PMA+Ionomycin, and Plated anti-CD3/CD28. Cell activation and apoptosis were assessed by flow cytometry after 8, 24, 48, and 72 hours. ScFv plasmid of mouse CD19 antibody was transfected to plat-E cells to package retrovirus. Activated CD3(+) T cells were infected to construct mouse-specific CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T cells (mCD19 CAR-T) , and mCD19 CAR-T cells were co-cultured with B-cell lymphoma cell line A20 in vitro. The specific toxicity of A20 was detected by flow cytometry, and mCD19 CAR-T cells were infused into the lymphoma mouse model to detect its killing effect and distribution. Results: The activation effect of Plated anti-CD3/CD28 on CD3(+) T cells was superior, with the cells exhibiting good viability 24-48 hours after stimulation. Established mCD19 CAR-T cells with stable efficiency[ (32.27±7.56) % ] were specifically able to kill A20 tumor cells (The apoptosis rate was 24.3% at 48 h) . In vivo detection showed a non-significant decrease in the percentage[ (1.83±0.58) % ] of splenic CD19(+) cells 6 days after mCD19 CAR-T cell infusion. A marked clearance in bone marrow and spleen appeared on day 12 compared with the A20 group, and this difference was statistically significant[spleen: (0.36±0.04) % vs (47.00±13.46) % , P<0.001; bone marrow: (1.82±0.29) % vs (37.30±1.44) % , P<0.0001]. Moreover, mCD19 CAR-T cells were distributed in high proportions in the peripheral blood, spleen, and bone marrow[ (2.90±1.12) % , (4.96±0.80) % , (13.55±1.56) % ]. Conclusion: This study demonstrated an optimized activation system and the optimal infection time of CD3(+) T cells. Furthermore, stable constructed mCD19 CAR-T cells showed a remarkable killing ability in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos CD19/metabolismo , Antígenos CD28/metabolismo , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Camundongos , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T
13.
Tech Coloproctol ; 26(12): 931-939, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The transanal drainage tube (TDT) is thought to reduce the incidence of anastomotic leakage (AL) in patients with low anterior resection (LAR). However, results from different clinical trials are inconsistent, although nearly all meta-analyses agree on the efficacy. In contrast to results of many previous studies, 2 recent independent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) suggest that the use of TDT does not prevent AL. We performed a meta-analysis including only RCTs to compare patients with TDTs vs. those without TDTs in terms of AL rate. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library databases, Clinicaltrials.gov and WHO/ICTRP from inception until February 14, 2022. RCTs that evaluated the role of TDTs in AL prevention in patients who underwent LAR for rectal cancer were included. A meta-analysis was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) reporting guidelines. Data were extracted by two authors independently, and random-effects models were implemented. The main outcome was AL, and the secondary outcome was the grade of AL. RESULTS: Three RCTs were included involving a total of 1115 participants (559 patients in the TDT group and 556 in the non-TDT group). No significant difference in the AL rate was detected (RR = 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.42-1.15, p = 0.15, I2 = 21%, very low certainty evidence). The incidence of grade C AL was possibly lower in the TDT group (RR = 0.33, 95% CI 0.11-1.01, p = 0.05, very low certainty evidence), while the rate of grade B AL was similar between the two groups (RR = 1.17, 95% CI 0.66-2.08, p = 0.59, very low certainty evidence). CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis suggests that TDTs are not effective in reducing the overall incidence of AL, but possibly have a potential benefit in reducing the occurrence of grade C AL in patients with LAR. Based on the current limited data and existing heterogeneity, the inclusion of larger populations and the identification of more uniform indications for TDT need to be addressed in future studies.


Assuntos
Protectomia , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Drenagem/métodos , Protectomia/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/complicações
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(27): 2103-2107, 2022 Jul 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844112

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the imaging features of patients with developmental stenosis of atlas (small atlas) complicated with degenerative cervical myelopathy and to explore the diagnostic criteria of small atlas. Methods: The clinical data of patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy treated by posterior cervical laminoplasty and resection of posterior arch of atlas from 2006 to 2020 in the Department of Orthopedics, Peking University Third Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Sixteen cases had spinal cord compression at C1 level after the exclusion of ossification of cervical posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and other pathology. These cases were suspected small atlas (small atlas group). Forty-six cases without posterior arch resection in the same period were selected as control group. The middle sagittal diameter of atlas and the vertical distance from posterior tubercle of atlas to occipitoaxial line under CT in both groups were compared. The sagittal diameter of the spinal canal at the atlas level under MRI, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score for functional state of cervical spine before operation and at last follow-up were also measured. Results: There were 9 males and 7 females in the small atlas group, aged (63±12) years. There were 21 males and 25 females in the control group, aged (57±10) years. The patients in both group were followed-up for at least one year. The sagittal diameter of atlas in the small atlas group was (26.4±3.1) mm, which was significantly smaller than that in the control group [(29.6±2.2) mm, P=0.010]. The vertical distance from the posterior tubercle of atlas to the occipitoaxial line in the small atlas group was larger than that in the control group[(6.79±1.17) mm vs (5.57±1.29) mm, P=0.001]. The diameter of atlas canal in the small atlas group was (8.25±1.44) mm which was significantly smaller than that in the control group [(13.00±1.66) mm, P<0.001]. The JOA score of the small atlas group before operation and at the last follow-up were both slightly lower than that in the control group (both P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the recovery rate of JOA score between the two groups (61.9% vs 66.0%, P=0.066). Among the 16 cases in the small atlas group, 5 cases of occipital-axial connection were located at the posterior 1/3 of the posterior arch of atlas, and 11 cases of occipital-axial connection were completely located at the posterior arch of atlas. Conclusions: The effective sagittal diameter of atlas is smaller in small atlas group which can lead to more severe cervical myelopathy. The presence of a small atlas should be highly suspected when the sagittal diameter of atlas canal is less than 26 mm under CT. The existence of the small atlas should be alert when the occipitalaxial line is located at the dorsal 1/3 or behind of the posterior arch of atlas.


Assuntos
Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior , Doenças da Medula Espinal , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Constrição Patológica/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/complicações , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças da Medula Espinal/complicações , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Chemosphere ; 307(Pt 2): 135785, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35870614

RESUMO

In recent years, biochar, a porous carbon-based material, has gained attention for its application prospects in contaminated soil remediation and soil improvement. Biochar-derived organic matter has a key role in influencing the migration and transformation of soil elements and pollutants. However, existing research concerning the molecular characteristics of biochar-derived organic matter is limited. Here, we used four polar solvents - dichloromethane (CH2Cl2), acetone (CH3COCH3), methanol (CH3OH), and distilled water (H2O) - to extract organic matter from soybean straw biochar and wheat straw biochar by accelerated solvent extraction (ASE). We characterized the extracts using Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS). We found considerable differences in organic matter according to the extraction solvents; such differences were related to the polarity of the solvent, as well as intermolecular forces between the solvent and organic matter. CH3OH extracted the most biochar-extractable organic matter components because CH3OH can weaken or destroy oxygen bridge bonds in biochar and form hydrogen bonds with small-molecule organic compounds. CH3OH and H2O have strong extraction capacity for compounds containing heteroatoms. CH2Cl2-extractable organic matter is relatively labile and bioavailable, while CH3OH- and H2O-extractable organic matters are relatively stable. In addition, the binding capacity of biochar-derived organic matter for minerals and pollutants differed among fractions, in part because of differences in molecular weight, atomic O/C and H/C ratios, heteroatom distribution, and biomolecular compounds present in biochar-derived organic matter. The findings in this study help to select appropriate extractants to analyze biochar-derived organic matter for various research purposes, and provides a theoretical basis for biochar-based remediation of contaminated soil.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes do Solo , Acetona , Carbono/análise , Carvão Vegetal/química , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Espectrometria de Massas , Metanol , Cloreto de Metileno , Oxigênio/análise , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Solventes/análise , Água/análise
16.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(5): 601-608, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644974

RESUMO

Objective: Comparative analyses of wild-type Clostridioides difficile 630 (Cd630) strain and pathogenicity locus (PaLoc) knockout mutant (ΔPaLoc) by using RNA-seq technology. Analysis of differential expression of Cd630 wild-type strain and ΔPaLoc mutant strain and measurement of its cellular virulence changes. Lay the foundation for the construction of an toxin-attenuated vaccine strain against Clostridioides difficile. Methods: Analysis of Cd630 and ΔPaLoc mutant strains using high-throughput sequencing (RNA-seq). Clustering differentially expressed genes and screening differentially expressed genes by DESeq software. Further analysis of differential genes using Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment. Finally, cytotoxicity assays of ΔPaLoc and Cd630 strains were performed in the African monkey kidney epithelial cell (Vero) and the human colonic cell (Caco-2) lines. Results: The transcriptome data showed that the ΔPaLoc mutant toxin genes tcdA and tcdB were not transcribed. Compared to the wild-type strain, CD630_36010, CD630_020910,CD630_02080 and cel genes upregulated 17.92,11.40,8.93 and 7.55 fold, respectively. Whereas the hom2 (high serine dehydrogenase), the CD630_15810 (spore-forming protein), CD630_23230 (zinc-binding dehydrogenase) and CD630_23240 (galactitol 1-phosphate 5-dehydrogenase) genes were down-regulated by 0.06, 0.075, 0.133 and 0.183 fold, respectively. The GO and KEGG enrichment analyses showed that the differentially transcribed genes in ΔPaLoc were enriched in the density-sensing system, ABC transport system, two-component system, phosphotransferase (PTS) system, and sugar metabolism pathway, as well as vancomycin resistance-related pathways. Cytotoxicity assays showed that the ΔPaLoc mutant strain lost its virulence to Vero and Caco-2 cells compared to the wild-type Cd630 strain. Conclusion: Transcriptional sequencing analysis of the Cd630 and ΔPaLoc mutant strains showed that the toxin genes were not transcribed. Those other differential genes could provide a reference for further studies on the physiological and biochemical properties of the ΔPaLoc mutant strain. Cytotoxicity assays confirmed that the ΔPaLoc mutant lost virulence to Vero and Caco-2 cells, thus laying the foundation for constructing an toxin-attenuated vaccine strain against C. difficile.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas , Clostridioides difficile , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Toxinas Bacterianas/genética , Toxinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Clostridioides , Clostridioides difficile/genética , Humanos , Oxirredutases/genética , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Vacinas Atenuadas
17.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(6): 532-537, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35764578

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of autologous follicular unit extraction (FUE) transplantation in the treatment of small area secondary cicatricial alopecia (hereinafter referred to as cicatricial alopecia) after burns. Methods: A retrospective observational study was carried out. According to the adopted treatment methods, 18 patients (12 males and 6 females, aged (29±6) years) who received autologous FUE transplantation for small area cicatricial alopecia after burns from March 2017 to November 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University were included in FUE transplantation group, and 18 patients (13 males and 5 females, aged (33±5) years) who were treated with expanded flap transplantation for small area cicatricial alopecia after burns by the same surgery team during the same period in the same hospital were included in expanded flap transplantation group. All the patients were followed up for more than 1 year. At the last follow-up, the follicular unit density in the transplanted area was measured by Folliscope hair detection system and the hair survival rate was calculated; the visual analogue scale (VAS) method was adopted to evaluate the treatment effect; patients were asked their satisfaction with the treatment effect and the occurrence of complications during follow-up; the hair growth and the scalp thickness, pain, pruritus, pigmentation, and surface roughness of the transplanted area were recorded. Data were statistically analyzed with Fisher's exact probability test and independent sample t test. Results: At the last follow-up, the follicular unit density in the transplanted area of patients in FUE transplantation group was (46.8±2.0)/cm2, which was significantly higher than (42.5±4.3)/cm2 in expanded flap transplantation group (t=3.84, P<0.01); the hair survival rates of patients were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). At the last follow-up, VAS scores evaluating the treatment effect of patients were similar between the two groups (P>0.05); the satisfaction score of patients toward the treatment effect in FUE transplantation group was 8.6±1.1, which was significantly higher than 7.6±0.8 in expanded flap transplantation group (t=2.89, P<0.01). During the follow-up, no inflammation or infection occurred in patients of the two groups, but only 2 patients in expanded flap transplantation group had postoperative pain. At the last follow-up, the transplanted area of patients in the two groups was covered with new hair, and the hair growth direction was basically consistent with the surrounding normal hair; scalp thickness, pain, pruritus, pigmentation, and surface roughness of the transplanted area of patients were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: Autologous FUE transplantation has better long-term follicular unit density and patients' satisfaction than expanded flap transplantation in the treatment of small area cicatricial alopecia after burns, showing better postoperative effect and a good prospect of clinical application.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Folículo Piloso , Alopecia/etiologia , Alopecia/cirurgia , Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Cicatriz/complicações , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dor/complicações , Prurido/complicações
18.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(6): 580-584, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35764586

RESUMO

Patients with deep burns are prone to suffer cicatrix hyperplasia or contracture, leading to problems including dysfunction in limbs, which impacts patients' life quality and makes it difficult for them to return to society. Thereby, the rehabilitation treatment after deep burns is particularly important. Currently, exercise therapy plays an important role in burn rehabilitation, which is mainly based on therapies such as continuous manual assistance training and manual stretching practice to provide patients with physical exercise to limbs and to correct the functional dysfunction of limbs in patients. With the continuous progress in technology, functional training robots have been developed to meet the needs. The emergence of functional training robots saves manpower and provides patients refined and standardized functional exercise treatment. From the aspects of production technology and multi-technology integration, this paper mainly introduces the recent innovation and development of functional training robots and the advantages of the application of functional training robots in the field of burn rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Contratura , Robótica , Queimaduras/reabilitação , Cicatriz , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos
19.
SAR QSAR Environ Res ; 33(6): 429-462, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35678125

RESUMO

Thromboxane A2 synthase (TXS) is a promising drug target for cardiovascular diseases and cancer. In this work, we conducted a structure-activity relationship (SAR) study on 526 TXS inhibitors for bioactivity prediction. Three types of descriptors (MACCS fingerprints, ECFP4 fingerprints, and MOE descriptors) were utilized to characterize inhibitors, 24 classification models were developed by support vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF), extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost), and deep neural networks (DNN). Then we reduced the number of fingerprints according to the contribution of descriptors to the models, and constructed 16 extra models on simplified fingerprints. In general, Model_4D built by DNN algorithm and 67 bits MACCS fingerprints performs best. The prediction accuracy of the model on the test set is 0.969, and Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC) is 0.936. The distance between compound and model (dSTD-PRO) was used to characterize the application domain of the model. In the test set of Model_4D, dSTD-PRO of 91.5% compounds is lower than the corresponding training set threshold (threshold0.90 = 0.1055), and the accuracy of these compounds is 0.983. In addition, the important descriptors were summarized and further analyzed. It showed that aromatic nitrogenous heterocyclic groups were beneficial to improve the bioactivity of TXS inhibitors.


Assuntos
Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Tromboxano-A Sintase , Tromboxanos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...