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1.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131747, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358893

RESUMO

Pyrimidine and purine bases (adenine, cytosine, guanine and thymine) are important precursors of organic chloramines (OC) and disinfection by-products (DBPs) during chlor(am)ination. In this study, OC and DBP formation derived from pyrimidine and purine bases during chlor(am)ination, post-chlor(am)ination after pretreated by UV alone and UV/chlorination were systematically investigated with ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (UV-LEDs, 265 and 275 nm) and low pressure mercury lamp (LPUV, 254 nm). The results revealed that higher OC formation was observed during chlorination than that during chloramination of pyrimidine and purine bases. The degradation of pyrimidine and purine bases followed the pseudo-first-order kinetics. Both solution pH and UV wavelength played vital influence on the degradation of pyrimidine and purine bases. In terms of fluence-based rate constants (kobs), the degradation rates of pyrimidine and purine bases decreased in the order of 275 nm > 265 nm > 254 nm in alkaline conditions. The synergistic effects of kobs, chlorine,kobs, •OH and kobs, RCS contributed to the differences of pyrimidine and purine bases degradation at different pH values and UV wavelengths. A vital suppression of OC formation was observed during post-chlorination after pretreated by 275 nm UV-LED/chlorination. In addition, compared with LPUV (254 nm), less DBP formation was observed at UV-LED (275 nm), especially during the UV/chlorine process. The phenomena obtained in this study indicated that 275 nm UV-LED combined with chlorine could be a preferred method to promote pyrimidine and purine bases degradation and control OC and DBP formation in practical water treatment.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Cloraminas , Cloro , Desinfecção , Halogenação , Purinas , Pirimidinas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
2.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779611

RESUMO

The photoanode, photosystem II (PSII)/hierarchical inverse opal (IO) TiO2, is coupled to the complementary photocathode, PbS quantum dots (QDs)/DNA probes, which is then integrated into a two-compartment photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell to achieve a self-powered system to enable photocathodic detection of microRNA-10b from HeLa cells. In such a system, all of the PSII catalytic products, i.e., electrons, protons, and O2, were rationally utilized and could overcome the general issue of varied O2 levels in photocathodic detection. The correlation between the target-triggered formation of the DNA complexes and the catalytic reduction of the dissolved O2 makes possible the steady microRNA-10b detection with good sensitivity and selectivity. This work has unveiled the ability of PSII to construct self-powered detecting devices and shed light on its application in new arenas.

3.
Stroke ; 52(12): 4043-4053, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sirt5 (Sirtuin 5) desuccinylates multiple metabolic enzymes and plays an important role in maintaining energy homeostasis. The goal of this study was to determine whether Sirt5-mediated desuccinylation restores the energy metabolism and protects brain against subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: Male C57BL/6 or Sirt5-/- mice were used. The endovascular perforation SAH model was applied. Protein lysine succinylation in the brain cortex was examined using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis. The brain metabolism was evaluated by measurement of brain pH as well as ATP and reactive oxygen species level. Neuronal cell death and neurobehavioral deficits were assessed 24 hours after SAH. The expression and desuccinylation activity of Sirt5, lysine succinylation of citrate synthase and ATP synthase subunits were investigated by Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and ELISA in SAH mice and patients. Furthermore, the benefits of resveratrol-mediated Sirt5 activation were investigated. RESULTS: A total of 211 lysine succinylation sites were differentially expressed on 170 proteins in mice brain after SAH. Thirty-nine percent of these succinylated proteins were localized in mitochondria and they are related to energy metabolism. SAH caused a decrease of Sirt5 expression and succinylated citrate synthase as well as the subunits of ATP synthase, subsequently lowered brain pH, reduced ATP and increased reactive oxygen species production, leading to neuronal cell death, and neurological deficits. Knockdown of Sirt5 aggravated SAH-induced effects, mentioned above. Administration of resveratrol resulted in activation of Sirt5. The activation was accompanied both with restoration of the mitochondrial metabolism and alleviation of early brain injury as well as with desuccinylating citrate synthase and ATP synthase. CONCLUSIONS: Protein lysine succinylation is a biochemical hallmark of metabolic crisis after SAH, and disruption of lysine succinylation through activation of Sirt5 might be a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of SAH.

4.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To ameliorate egg white gel's salinity and undesirable texture characteristics during curing, different metal ions (K+ , Mg2+ , Ca2+ , Zn2+ ) were used to replace NaCl to simulate salted eggs partially. The effects of these ions on the physicochemical properties, microstructure, and gel characteristics of egg white protein were studied. RESULTS: Low field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis showed that adding K+ , Mg2+ , Ca2+, and Zn2+ could decrease immobile water content and increase free water content in egg white gel. Circular dichroism/ Fluorescence Spectrophotometer (CD/ FL) analysis showed that substitutive addition of K+ , Mg2+ , Ca2+, and Zn2+ changed the conformational structure of the protein, which was not conducive to the formation of the three-dimensional mesh gel structure. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results show that the addition of four metal ions could reduce the thermal denaturation temperature of egg white gel. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the gel structure of egg white in the ZnCl2 group was rougher and more chaotic, the crosslinking degree was worse, so it was not suitable for low sodium salted eggs preparations. The gel strength of the CaCl2 group was significantly higher than other groups (P < 0.05), while the gel strength of the KCl group was similar to the NaCl group (P >0.05). CONCLUSION: CaCl2 and KCl could be used as partial NaCl substitutes to study the addition level and ratio further and improve salted egg white quality. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Biotechnol Biofuels ; 14(1): 217, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The development of bioenergy crops with reduced recalcitrance to enzymatic degradation represents an important challenge to enable the sustainable production of advanced biofuels and bioproducts. Biomass recalcitrance is partly attributed to the complex structure of plant cell walls inside which cellulose microfibrils are protected by a network of hemicellulosic xylan chains that crosslink with each other or with lignin via ferulate (FA) bridges. Overexpression of the rice acyltransferase OsAT10 is an effective bioengineering strategy to lower the amount of FA involved in the formation of cell wall crosslinks and thereby reduce cell wall recalcitrance. The annual crop sorghum represents an attractive feedstock for bioenergy purposes considering its high biomass yields and low input requirements. Although we previously validated the OsAT10 engineering approach in the perennial bioenergy crop switchgrass, the effect of OsAT10 expression on biomass composition and digestibility in sorghum remains to be explored. RESULTS: We obtained eight independent sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) transgenic lines with a single copy of a construct designed for OsAT10 expression. Consistent with the proposed role of OsAT10 in acylating arabinosyl residues on xylan with p-coumarate (pCA), a higher amount of p-coumaroyl-arabinose was released from the cell walls of these lines upon hydrolysis with trifluoroacetic acid. However, no major changes were observed regarding the total amount of pCA or FA esters released from cell walls upon mild alkaline hydrolysis. Certain diferulate (diFA) isomers identified in alkaline hydrolysates were increased in some transgenic lines. The amount of the main cell wall monosaccharides glucose, xylose, and arabinose was unaffected. The transgenic lines showed reduced lignin content and their biomass released higher yields of sugars after ionic liquid pretreatment followed by enzymatic saccharification. CONCLUSIONS: Expression of OsAT10 in sorghum leads to an increase of xylan-bound pCA without reducing the overall content of cell wall FA esters. Nevertheless, the amount of total cell wall pCA remains unchanged indicating that most pCA is ester-linked to lignin. Unlike other engineered plants overexpressing OsAT10 or a phylogenetically related acyltransferase with similar putative function, the improvements of biomass saccharification efficiency in sorghum OsAT10 lines are likely the result of lignin reductions rather than reductions of cell wall-bound FA. These results also suggest a relationship between xylan-bound pCA and lignification in cell walls.

6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(11): 1110-1113, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729754

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide a basis for genetic counseling and clinical precision therapy by exploring the genetic etiology of a child with recurrent hypoglycemia convulsion accompanied by language retardation. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from the proband, his sister and his parents. Whole genomic DNA was extracted and analyzed by the whole exon gene sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The proband and his sister were found to carry compound heterozygous variants c.731T>A (p.M244L) and c.928G>A (p.G244S) of the GYS2 gene, which had not been reported in the past, the c.731T>A (p.M244L) site was derived from the maternal heterozygous mutation, while c.928G>A (p.G244S) site from the father heterozygous mutation. CONCLUSION: The compound heterozygous variants c.731T>A (p.M244L) and c.928G>A (p.G244S) of the GYS2 gene were the genetic cause of glycogen storage syndrome type 0 in children, providing basis for family genetic counseling. When the patient had Hypoglycemia often accompanied with convulsions, which was easy to be misdiagnosed as seizures, and the antiepileptic treatment was ineffective. After genetic diagnosis, the seizure can be controlled by improving diet to maintain blood glucose stability.


Assuntos
Glicogênio , Irmãos , Criança , Éxons , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Mutação , Linhagem
8.
Am J Epidemiol ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729579

RESUMO

We aimed to examine whether type 2 diabetes prevention diet, a dietary pattern previously developed for reducing type 2 diabetes risk, was associated with mortality in a US population. A population-based cohort of 86633 subjects was identified from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (study period: 1993 to 2015). Dietary information was collected with a food frequency questionnaire. A dietary diabetes risk reduction score was calculated to reflect adherence to this dietary pattern, with higher scores representing better adherence. Hazard ratios (HRs) and absolute risk differences (ARDs) in mortality rates per 10000 person-years were calculated. After a mean follow-up of 13.6 years, 17532 all-cause deaths were observed. The highest versus the lowest quintiles of dietary diabetes risk reduction score was associated with decreased risks of death from all causes (HRquintile 5 versus 1: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.72, 0.80; ARDquintile 5 versus 1: -81.94; 95% CI: -93.76, -71.12), cardiovascular disease (HRquintile 5 versus 1: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.66, 0.81; ARDquintile 5 versus 1: -17.82; 95% CI: -24.81, -11.30), and cancer (HRquintile 5 versus 1: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.78, 0.94; ARDquintile 5 versus 1: -9.92; 95%CI: -15.86, -3.59), which were modified by sex, smoking status, or alcohol consumption in subgroup analyses (all Pinteraction<0.05). In conclusion, type 2 diabetes prevention diet confers reduced risks of death from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer in this US population.

9.
J Affect Disord ; 298(Pt A): 472-480, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732337

RESUMO

Objectives The current study aimed to identify shared and distinct brain structure abnormalities and their relationships with the expression of circadian genes in patients with bipolar or unipolar depression. Method A total of 93 subjects participated in this study, including 32 patients with bipolar depression (BDP), 26 patients with unipolar depression (UDP) and 35 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Brain structural magnetic resonance imaging scans were obtained, and optimized voxel-based morphometry was used to explore group differences in regional gray matter volume (GMV). The mRNA expression levels of circadian genes in peripheral blood were measured using reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results Our results showed that the GMV in brain regions in the thalamus-limbic pathways had significantly increased in the BDP patients compared to controls, while the increased GMV in UDP patients compared to controls was limited to the thalamus. The mRNA expression levels of circadian-related genes decreased significantly in patients with BDP, but increased in patients with UDP, compared to controls. In addition, the GMV in the right thalamus in the patients with UDP was positively associated with mRNA levels of CRY2, while the GMV in the right hippocampus in the patients with BDP was negatively associated with mRNA levels of PER3. Conclusion Our study suggested that patients with BDP or MDD shared GMV abnormalities in the right thalamus. The PER3 and CRY2 genes might be critical to right hippocampal dysfunction in BDP and right thalamic dysfunction in UDP, respectively. The result provided potentially important molecular targets for the treatment of mood disorders.

10.
Sci Data ; 8(1): 305, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836985

RESUMO

Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) is a computational approach for analysing functional brain images like Positron Emission Tomography (PET). When performing SPM analysis for different patient populations, brain PET template images representing population-specific brain morphometry and metabolism features are helpful. However, most currently available brain PET templates were constructed using the Caucasian data. To enrich the family of publicly available brain PET templates, we created Chinese-specific template images based on 116 [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]-FDG) PET images of normal participants. These images were warped into a common averaged space, in which the mean and standard deviation templates were both computed. We also developed the SPM analysis programmes to facilitate easy use of the templates. Our templates were validated through the SPM analysis of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's patient images. The resultant SPM t-maps accurately depicted the disease-related brain regions with abnormal [18F]-FDG uptake, proving the templates' effectiveness in brain function impairment analysis.

12.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 644555, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646171

RESUMO

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common disease which is complicated by metabolic disorder. Although MDD has been studied relatively intensively, its metabolism is yet to be elucidated. Methods: To profile the global pathophysiological processes of MDD patients, we used metabolomics to identify differential metabolites and applied a new database Metabolite set enrichment analysis (MSEA) to discover dysfunctions of metabolic pathways of this disease. Hydrophilic metabolomics were applied to identify metabolites by profiling the plasma from 55 MDD patients and 100 sex-, gender-, BMI-matched healthy controls. The metabolites were then analyzed in MSEA in an attempt to discover different metabolic pathways. To investigate dysregulated pathways, we further divided MDD patients into two cohorts: (1) MDD patients with anxiety symptoms and (2) MDD patients without anxiety symptoms. Results: Metabolites which were hit in those pathways correlated with depressive and anxiety symptoms. Altogether, 17 metabolic pathways were enriched in MDD patients, and 23 metabolites were hit in those pathways. Three metabolic pathways were enriched in MDD patients without anxiety, including glycine and serine metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, and phenylalanine and tyrosine metabolism. In addition, L-glutamic acid was positively correlated with the severity of depression and retardation if hit in MDD patients without anxiety symptoms. Conclusions: Different kinds of metabolic pathophysiological processes were found in MDD patients. Disorder of glycine and serine metabolism was observed in both MDD patients with anxiety and those without.

13.
ISA Trans ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716010

RESUMO

In this paper, an adaptive interaction torque-based assist-as-needed (AITAAN) control method for the lower limb rehabilitation exoskeleton is proposed. Firstly, a desired input torque for the wearer's lower limb is designed based on computed torque control (CTC). A nonlinear disturbance observer (NDO) is used to assess the lower limb muscle torque. Subtract the estimated muscle torque from the desired input torque, the exoskeleton only provides the remaining torque through interaction torque. Then, the interaction torque tracking problem can be converted to the exoskeleton trajectory tracking problem by using the spring-damper like dynamics model of the interaction force. A flexible boundary prescribed performance controller (PPC) is designed for the exoskeleton to achieve fast and accurate trajectory tracking. The coupled wearer-exoskeleton system is established in SolidWorks and imported to MATLAB/Simulink with SimMechanics. The AITAAN controller's effectiveness and superiority were then verified through co-simulations.

14.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e2100408, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708542

RESUMO

SCOPE: The proliferation and differentiation of intestinal stem cells (ISCs) are the basis of intestinal renewal and regeneration, and gut microbiota plays an important role in it. Dietary nutrition has the effect of regulating the activity of ISCs; however, the regulation effect of α-linolenic acid (ALA) has seldom been reported. METHODS AND RESULTS: After intervening mice with different doses of ALA for 30 days, it is found that ALA (0.5 g kg-1 ) promotes small intestinal and villus growth by activating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway to stimulate the proliferation of ISCs. Furthermore, ALA administration increases the abundance of the Ruminococcaceae and Prevotellaceae, and promotes the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Subsequent fecal transplantation and antibiotic experiments demonstrate that ALA on the proliferation of ISCs are gut microbiota dependent, among them, the functional microorganism may be derived from Ruminococcaceae. Administration of isobutyrate shows a similar effect to ALA in terms of promoting ISCs proliferation. Furthermore, ALA mitigates 5-fluorouracil-induced intestinal mucosal damage by promoting ISCs proliferation. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that SCFAs produced by Ruminococcaceae mediate ALA promote ISCs proliferation by activating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, and suggest the possibility of ALA as a prebiotic agent for the prevention and treatment of intestinal mucositis.

15.
Front Neurol ; 12: 744041, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690917

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinical characteristics and treatment of pediatric opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS). Methods: We analyzed the clinical data of nine children OMS between June 2017 and Nov 2020. Results: Nine children (M/F = 3:6, median onset age was 18 months) diagnosed with OMS were included in the study. Before onset, human rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus were seen in one patient, respectively. And one patient received Japanese encephalitis vaccination. Three patients had neuroblastoma, and one patient had ganglioneuroblastoma. All patients' symptoms were improved after receiving surgery (for four patients with tumor), intravenous human immunoglobulin and pulsed methylprednisolone. However, four patients without mass relapsed and became relapse free after rituximab treatment. The relapse rate was 44.4% (4/9). The OMS severity score at the last follow-up was significantly lower than the OMS severity score at onset (3.0 ± 1.0 vs. 11.0 ± 2.2, paired-samples t-test, P < 0.001). All patients had at least one item of neurological symptoms or neuropsychological disturbances. Conclusion: For pediatric OMS, human rhinovirus infection and respiratory syncytial virus infection can be seen before onset. Rituximab is effective in reducing relapse. Improving recognition and long-term prognosis in OMS is urgent.

16.
Water Res ; 206: 117755, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695669

RESUMO

Iodinated disinfection byproducts (I-DBPs) formed in water treatment are of emerging concern due to their high toxicity and the tase-and-odor problems associated with iodinated trihalomethanes (I-THMs). Iodoacetic acid and dichloroiodomethane are currently regulated in Shenzhen, China and the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China has also been considering regulating I-DBPs. Iodide (I-), organoiodine compounds (e.g., iodinated X-ray contrast media [ICM]), and iodate (IO3-) are the three common iodine sources in aquatic environment that lead to I-DBP formation. While UV irradiation effectively inactivate a wide range of microorganisms in water, it induces the transformation of these iodine sources, enabling the formation of I-DBPs. This review focuses on the fate and transformation of these iodine sources in UV-based water treatment (i.e., UV irradiation and UV-based advanced oxidation processes [UV-AOPs]) and the formation of I-DBPs in post-disinfection. I- released in UV-based treatments of ICM and can be oxidized in subsequent disinfection to hypoiodous acid (HOI), which reacts with natural organic matter (NOM) to produce I-DBPs. Both UV and UV-AOPs are not able to fully mineralize ICM and completely oxidize the released I- to (except UV/O3). Results reveal that UV and UV-AOPs are adequate for I-DBP degradation but require high UV doses. While the ideal I-DBP mitigation strategy awaits to be developed, understanding their sources and formation pathways aids in informed selections of water treatment processes, empowers water suppliers to meet drinking water standards, and minimizes consumers' exposure to I-DBPs.


Assuntos
Iodo , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Humanos , Iodetos , Trialometanos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
17.
Nanoscale ; 13(45): 18977-18986, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34705921

RESUMO

Biosynthesis has gained growing interest due to its energy efficiency and environmentally benign nature. Recently, biogenic iron sulfide nanoparticles (FeS NPs) have exhibited excellent performance in environmental remediation and energy recovery applications. However, their biosynthesis regulation strategy and application prospects in the biomedical field remain to be explored. Herein, biogenic FeS NPs are controllably synthesized by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 and applied for cancer therapy. Tuning the synthesis rate and yield of biogenic FeS NPs is realized by altering the initial iron precursor dosage. Notably, increasing the precursor concentration decreases and delays FeS NP biosynthesis. The biogenic FeS NPs (30 nm) are homogeneously anchored on the cell surface of S. oneidensis MR-1. Moreover, the good hydrophilic nature and outstanding Fenton properties of the as-prepared FeS NPs endow them with good cancer therapy performance. The intracellular location of the FeS NPs taken up is visualized with a soft X-ray microscope (SXM). Highly efficient cancer cell killing can be achieved at extremely low concentrations (<12 µg mL-1), lower than those in reported works. Such good performance is attributed to the Fe2+ release, elevated ROS, reduced glutathione (GSH) consumption, and lipid hydroperoxide (LPO) generation. The resulting FeS NPs show excellent in vivo therapeutic performance. This work provides a facile, eco-friendly, and scalable approach to produce nanomedicine, demonstrating the potential of biogenic nanoparticles for use in cancer therapy.

18.
Phytomedicine ; 93: 153771, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34700271

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Moringa oleifera Lam (MO) is native to India and is a cash crop widely cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical areas. The health improving properties of MO has been studied from a long time ago for the numerous phenolic compounds, including vitamins, flavonoids, phenolic acids, isothiocyanates, tannins and saponins, which are present in considerable amounts in the plant. A growing spectrum of therapeutic characteristics of MO leaves has been found and used in the remission or treatment of oxidative stress, liver disease, neurological disease, hyperglycemia and cancer. HYPOTHESIS: This review focused on researches applying MO or MO leaf extract as a functional food or cure against various disease and cellular injuries. We believed it would help the discovery of therapeutic application of MO and understanding of MO phytochemistry. METHODS: The data collected in this review were extracted from researches indexed in Web of Science, google scholar, PubMed, Science Direct and Scopus to find out health benefits and biological activities of MO leaves polyphenols. The studies reporting mechanistic route of phenolic compounds of MO leaves were also considered in the present study. RESULTS: It has been reported that polyphenols of MO leaf have protective characteristics against neurodegenerative disorders through reducing DNA damage, activation of AchE activity and inhibition of caspase-3 activity. It has been reported that, they protected the kidney from damage caused by melamine through suppressed the pro-inflammatory cytokine, metallopeptidase inhibitor 1 (TIMP-1), and kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1). Similarly, methanol extract of MO leaves has low hypoglycemic attributes and attenuate the risk of diabetes caused by alloxan by enhancing lipid metabolism and stimulating insulin release, glucose uptake, and glycogen synthesis. In addition, MO leaves are becoming the best phytomedicine to reduce hypertension, which are naturally known as angiotensin-1converting enzyme (ACE), acetylcholinesterase, arginase and phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitors. CONCLUSION: MO leaves extract as a health promoting food additives for human and animals due to its great protective effect against many diseases and the widely persistent environmental toxins which disrupted cellular metabolic function. More studies are required to use the phenolic compounds of MO leaves to develop and produce drugs for controlling and treatment of various diseases.


Assuntos
Moringa oleifera , Acetilcolinesterase , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Humanos , Metanol , Fenóis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta
19.
Environ Res ; : 112228, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662574

RESUMO

Microalgal-bacterial symbiosis (MABS) system treating wastewater has attracted great concern because of its advantages of carbon dioxide reduction and biomass energy production. However, due to the low density and negative surface charge of microalgae cells, the sedimentation and harvesting performance of microalgae biomass has been one limitation for the application of MABS system on wastewater treatment. This study investigated the performance enhancement of microalgae harvesting and wastewater treatment contributed by calcium ions (i.e., Ca2+) in the MABS system. Results showed that a low Ca2+ loading (i.e., 0.1 mM) promoted both COD and nutrients removal, with growth rates of 11.95, 6.53 and 1.21% for COD, TN and TP compared to control, and chlorophyll a was increased by 64.15%. Differently, a high Ca2+ loading (i.e., 10 mM) caused removal reductions by improving the aggregation of microalgae, with reduction rates of 34.82, 3.50 and 10.30% for COD, NH4+-N and TP. Mechanism analysis indicated that redundant Ca2+ adsorbed on MABS aggregates and dissolved in wastewater decreased the dispersibility of microalgae cells by electrical neutralization and compressed double electric layer. Moreover, the presence of Ca2+ could improve extracellular secretions and promoted flocculation performance, with particle size increasing by 336.22%. The findings of this study may provide some solutions for the enhanced microalgae biomass harvest and nutrients removal from wastewater.

20.
Environ Res ; : 112177, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717945

RESUMO

Reverse thermally induced separation (RTIPS) was used to obtain a separation membrane with a better internal structure for a higher water flux and a surface that could easily form a hydration layer. In comparison to the traditional modification method, this work focused on the aspect that the internal structure obtained by changing the membrane-making method provided easier adhesion conditions for the dopamine/TiO2 hybrid nanoparticles (DA/TiO2 HNPs) obtained by biomimetic mineralization. It provided a basis for exploring the variation in adhesion with the water bath temperature and the amount of titanium added through the study of turbidity point, SEM images, water contact angle, thermogravimetric test, EDX, AFM, XPS, FTIR and other test results. The SEM images proved that the membrane obtained through the RTIPS method had a porous surface and spongy internal structure, furthermore, additional polymers were adsorbed. Use of EDX demonstrated that biomimetic mineralization prevented the production of agglomerated titanium dioxide. XPS and FTIR spectra confirmed the introduction and immobilization of HNP aggregation. Moreover, a decrease in the surface roughness and water contact angle further suggested an improvement in the hydrophilicity of the modified membrane. The introduction of HNP at a higher water bath temperature helped increase the water flux up to ten times, moreover, the oil-water separation efficiency could still reach over 99.50%. Lastly, a cycle test of the modified membrane under the optimal conditions helped confirm that the membrane forming conditions at this time could provide a better environment for the formation of the hydrophilic layer, which was conducive to the recycling of the separation membrane. In summary, more fixed more hydrophilic particles could be obtained through the RTIPS method based on biomimetic mineralization to prevent the accumulation of titanium dioxide, thus helping improve permeability and anti-fouling of the membrane.

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