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1.
Pharmacol Res ; : 105230, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031910

RESUMO

Osteoporosis caused by aging and menopause had become an emerging threat to human health. The reduction of osteoblast differentiation has been considered to be an essential cause of osteoporosis. Osteoblast differentiation could be regulated by LncRNAs, and increasing evidences have proved that LncRNAs may be adopted as potential therapeutic targets for osteoporosis. However, reports on rescue effects of LncRNAs in vivo are relatively limited. In this study, two LncRNAs (AK039312 and AK079370) were screened as osteogenic related LncRNAs. Both AK039312 and AK079370 could inhibit osteoblast differentiation and bone formation through suppressing osteogenic transcription factors. This inhibitory effect was achieved via binding and sequestering miR-199b-5p, and enhanced GSK-3ß which further inhibited wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Moreover, the siRNAs of AK039312 and AK079370 significantly alleviated postmenopausal osteoporosis, and the combination of si-AK039312 and si-AK079370 was more efficient than applying one si-LncRNA alone. This study has provided new insights for the therapy of osteoporosis.

2.
ACS Comb Sci ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052651

RESUMO

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) carry reliable clinical information for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer that is a malignant disease with a high mortality rate. However, the amount of CTCs in the blood is quite low. To obtain credible clinical information, an efficient method of extracting CTCs is necessary. Microfluidic technology has proven its effectiveness on CTCs separation in recent years. Here, we present a comprehensive review of CTC sorting methods based on microfluidics. Specifically, we introduce four different microfluidic sorting methods of CTCs and compare their advantages and disadvantages. Finally, we summarize the analysis of CTCs based on microfluidics and present a prospective view of future research.

3.
Molecules ; 25(19)2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003286

RESUMO

Naphthalimide photoinduced electron transfer (PET) fluorescent probes are widely used in fluorescence imaging. Thereinto, detection sensitivity is the vital parameter of PET probes. However, the modulation of detection sensitivity is yet to be reported for naphthalimide PET probes. Herein, the detection sensitivity enhancement of naphthalimide PET fluorescent probes through 4-methoxy-substitution is proposed in this work. Taking Zn2+ detection an example, 4-methoxy-naphthalimide PET probe 2-(2-(bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)amino)ethyl)-6-methoxy-1H-benzo[de]isoquinoline-1,3(2H)-dione (BPNM) and control PET probe 2-(2-(bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)amino)ethyl)-1H-benzo[de]isoquinoline-1,3(2H)-dione (BPN) are separately synthesized. The addition of 4-methoxy group with ability of strong electron donating to naphthalimide facilitates the construction of electronic push-pull system in the fluorophore resulting in the bathochromic shift of absorption and fluorescence emission spectra of BPNM and is further conducive to the enhancement of molar extinction coefficient ε and fluorescence quantum yield Φf of BPNM. Compared with BPN, BPNM shows lower Zn2+ detection limit in titration assays. Meanwhile, the fluorescence signal change (off-on) before and after Zn2+ addition of intracellular BPNM is more obvious and easier to control in confocal laser scanning imaging. Therefore, 4-methoxy-substitution improves the detection sensitivity of naphthalimide PET probe, which is favorable for the precise sensing of analyte, and further lays a good foundation for the synthesis of PET probe with high sensitivity.

4.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5046, 2020 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028816

RESUMO

Signal loss in blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional neuroimaging is common and can lead to misinterpretation of findings. Here, we reconstructed compromised fMRI signal using deep machine learning. We trained a model to learn principles governing BOLD activity in one dataset and reconstruct artificially compromised regions in an independent dataset, frame by frame. Intriguingly, BOLD time series extracted from reconstructed frames are correlated with the original time series, even though the frames do not independently carry any temporal information. Moreover, reconstructed functional connectivity maps exhibit good correspondence with the original connectivity maps, indicating that the model recovers functional relationships among brain regions. We replicated this result in two healthy datasets and in patients whose scans suffered signal loss due to intracortical electrodes. Critically, the reconstructions capture individual-specific information. Deep machine learning thus presents a unique opportunity to reconstruct compromised BOLD signal while capturing features of an individual's own functional brain organization.

5.
Brain Stimul ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) holds great promise in treating various brain diseases but its chronic therapeutic mechanisms are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To explore the immediate and chronic effects of DBS on brain oscillations, and understand how different sub-bands of oscillations contribute to symptom improvement in Parkinson's patients. METHODS: We carried out a longitudinal study to examine the effects of DBS on local field potentials recorded by sensing-enabled neurostimulators in the subthalamic nuclei of Parkinson's patients, using a novel block-designed stimulation paradigm. RESULTS: DBS significantly suppressed beta activity (13∼35Hz) but the suppression effect appeared to gradually attenuate during a 6 months follow-up period after surgery (p=0.002). While the responses to stimulation decreased from month 1 to month 6, the spontaneous beta activity was unchanged (p>0.266). Moreover, beta suppression did not show a habituation effect after repeated stimulation over several minutes (p>0.110), suggesting that the changes in beta suppression may reflect a slow reconfiguration of neural pathways instead of habituation. Suppression of beta was also associated with clinical symptom improvement. Importantly, symptom-relevant features fell within the high beta band at month 1 but shifted to the low beta band at month 6, indicating that the high beta and the low beta oscillations may play different functional roles and respond differently to stimulation over the long-term treatment. CONCLUSION: These data may advance understanding of chronic DBS effects on beta oscillations and their association with clinical improvement, offering novel insights to the therapeutic mechanisms of DBS.

6.
Virology ; 551: 36-45, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011521

RESUMO

Children with HFMD due to EV71 infection are more likely to suffer from neurogenic complications, leading to higher morbidity and mortality. ILCs play crucial roles in the initiation of host immunity. However, the contribution of ILCs to the occurrence and development of HFMD due to EV71 infection remains to be explored. The results of our study showed that the levels of peripheral ILC1s and Th1 cells were increased in children with severe HFMD compared to healthy children, as were ILC1- and Th1-related cytokines and transcription factors. Furthermore, HFMD children with a higher frequency of circulating ILC1s exhibited a 2.9-fold greater risk of severity when HFMD was accompanied by VEM. Our study is the first to show that ILC1 abnormalities contribute to the pathogenesis of the severity of HFMD, in which ILC1s are aberrant increased and affect the cellular and humoral immunity. ILC1s could be used in the diagnosis of HFMD.

7.
Elife ; 92020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044169

RESUMO

Tissue resident mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) occupy perivascular spaces. Profiling human adipose perivascular mesenchyme with antibody arrays identified 16 novel surface antigens, including endolysosomal protein CD107a. Surface CD107a expression segregates MSCs into functionally distinct subsets. In culture, CD107alow cells demonstrate high colony formation, osteoprogenitor cell frequency, and osteogenic potential. Conversely, CD107ahigh cells include almost exclusively adipocyte progenitor cells. Accordingly, human CD107alow cells drove dramatic bone formation after intramuscular transplantation in mice, and induced spine fusion in rats, whereas CD107ahigh cells did not. CD107a protein trafficking to the cell surface is associated with exocytosis during early adipogenic differentiation. RNA sequencing also suggested that CD107alow cells are precursors of CD107ahigh cells. These results document the molecular and functional diversity of perivascular regenerative cells, and show that relocation to cell surface of a lysosomal protein marks the transition from osteo- to adipogenic potential in native human MSCs, a population of substantial therapeutic interest.

8.
Radiat Oncol ; 15(1): 237, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nearly 50% of new gastric cancer cases and gastric cancer-related deaths worldwide occur in China. No global consensus has been reached about the optimal management of locally advanced gastric cancer. Although the Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Gastric Cancer from the National Health Commission of China, which has been updated three times since 2010, explicitly emphasize the necessity of adjuvant chemoradiation, few clinical institutions in China routinely adhere to the recommended radiotherapy guidelines. This study aimed to examine the efficacy, in terms of locoregional control and long-term survival, and the safety of adjuvant radiotherapy using intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with concurrent and adjuvant fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy for gastric cancer. METHODS: This was a retrospective evaluation of 156 patients with high-risk gastric cancer who underwent adjuvant chemoradiotherapy between September 2008 and May 2019. The prescribed planning target volume median dose was 45 Gy in 1.8 Gy daily fractions, and all patients received concurrent and adjuvant fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy. Locoregional control, distant metastasis, and overall survival rates were estimated. Clinicopathological characteristics and patterns of failure were retrospectively reviewed to identify factors associated with survival and recurrence. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 56 months (range 3-130 months) for all patients. Of the patients, 11 (7.1%) were lost to follow-up, and 49 (31.4%) and 104 (66.7%) had stage II or III disease according to the eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer tumor-node-metastasis staging criteria. The frequencies of acute grade 3 or 4 gastrointestinal and hematological toxicity were 9.6% and 10.9%, respectively. In total, 152 patients (97.4%) completed the entire chemoradiation regimen. No toxicity-related deaths occurred. Nineteen patients (12.2%) had locoregional recurrence, 26 (16.7%) had distant metastases, and 12 (7.7%) had peritoneal metastasis. The overall survival (OS) rates were 83.5%, 65.0%, and 59.5%, while the disease-free survival rates were 75.1%, 61.0%, and 55.6% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, age, pathological T stage and lymph node ratio (LNR) were found to be independent predictors of OS. CONCLUSION: Postoperative concomitant IMRT and chemotherapy were well tolerated, with acceptable toxicities and encouraging locoregional tumor control and long-term survival. The LNR can be used as an important prognostic indicator for OS. Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy should be considered for all patients with a high risk of locoregional recurrence, especially in China.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051982

RESUMO

AIM: Radium-223, a targeted alpha therapy, is approved widely for the treatment of patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer, based on a pivotal phase 3 study in predominantly white patients. We investigated the efficacy and safety of radium-223 in Asian patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer and metastatic bone disease. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective, single-arm, open-label phase 3 trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of the standard radium-223 regimen (55 kBq/kg every 4 weeks for six cycles) in patients from Asian countries. The primary endpoints were the safety and overall survival. RESULTS: A total of 226 patients were enrolled and received at least one dose of radium-223. Median overall survival was 14.0 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 11.2-17.4). Median time to total alkaline phosphatase and prostate-specific antigen progression were 7.5 (95% CI, 6.8-7.7) and 3.6 (95% CI, 3.1-3.7) months, respectively. Median skeletal-related event-free survival was 26.0 months (95% CI, 12.6-not reached). Grade ≥3 treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 103 (46%) of 226 patients, with anemia being the most common event (34 [15%] patients). Grade ≥3 drug-related treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 39 (17%) of 226 patients. Serious treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 65 (29%) of 226 patients. Seven (3%) patients had an adverse event leading to death; none were considered to be related to radium-223. CONCLUSION: The results of this study support the use of the standard radium-223 regimen for the treatment of Asian patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer and symptomatic bone metastases.

10.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069855

RESUMO

Radiation-induced intestinal injury (RIII) occurs during instances of intentional or accidental radiation exposure. However, there are few effective treatments available for the prevention or mitigation of RIII currently. (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a major polyphenol in green tea, possesses potent antioxidant activity and has been shown to be effective in ameliorating many oxidative stress-related diseases. The therapeutic effects and mechanism of EGCG on RIII have not yet been determined. In the present study, we investigated whether EGCG confers radioprotection against RIII. Our data demonstrated that administration of EGCG not only prolonged the survival time of lethally irradiated mice, but also reduced radiation-induced intestinal mucosal injury. Treatment with EGCG significantly increased the number of Lgr5+ intestinal stem cells (ISCs) and their progeny Ki67+ cells, and reduced radiation-induced DNA damage and apoptosis. Besides, EGCG displayed the same radioprotective effects in human intestinal epithelial HIEC cells as in mice, characterized by a decrease in the number of γH2AX foci and ferroptosis. Moreover, EGCG decreased the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activated the transcription factor Nrf2 and its downstream targets comprising antioxidant proteins Slc7A11, HO-1 and GPX4. Treatment with the Nrf2 inhibitor ML385 abolished the protective effects of EGCG, indicating that Nrf2 activation is essential for EGCG activity. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that EGCG protects against RIII by scavenging ROS and inhibiting apoptosis and ferroptosis through the Nrf2 signal pathway, which could be a promising medical countermeasure for the alleviation of RIII.

11.
Radiat Oncol ; 15(1): 211, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to assess small bowel motion and explore the feasibility of using peritoneal space (PS) to replace bowel loops (BL) via the dose constraint method to spare the small bowel during intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for rectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 24 patients with rectal cancer who underwent adjuvant or neoadjuvant radiotherapy were selected. Weekly repeat CT scans from pre-treatment to the fourth week of treatment were acquired and defined as Plan, 1 W, 2 W, 3 W, and 4 W. The 4 weekly CT scans were co-registered to the Plan CT, BL and PS contours were delineated in all of the scans, an IMRT plan was designed on Plan CT using PS constraint method, and then copied to the 4 weekly CT scans. The dose-volume, normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) of the small bowel and their variations during treatment were evaluated. RESULTS: Overall, 109 sets of CT scans from 24 patients were acquired, and 109 plans were designed and copied. The BL and PS volumes were 250.3 cc and 1339.3 cc. The V15 of BL and PS based plan of pre-treatment were 182.6 cc and 919.0 cc, the shift% of them were 28.9 and 11.3% during treatment (p = 0.000), which was less in the prone position than in the supine position (25.2% vs 32.1%, p = 0.000; 9.9% vs 14.9%, p = 0.000). The NTCPC and NTCPA based plan of pre-treatment were 2.0 and 59.2%, the shift% during treatment were 46.1 and 14.0% respectively. Majority of BL's Dmax and V15 were meet the safety standard during treatment using PS dose limit method except 3 times (3/109) of V15 and 5 times of Dmax (5/109). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that small bowel motion may lead to uncertainties in its dose volume and NTCP evaluation during IMRT for rectal cancer. The BL movements were significantly greater than PS, and the prone position was significantly less than the supine position. It is feasibility of using PS to replace BL to spare the small bowel, V15 < 830 cc is the dose constraint standard.

12.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(8): 857-62, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869595

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of moxibustion on oxidative stress injury of nigrostriatal system in rats with Parkinson's disease (PD) based on nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway, and to explore its mechanism. METHODS: A total of 48 SD rats were randomized into a blank group, a sham-operation group, a model group and a moxibustion group, 12 rats in each group. Unilateral two-point injection with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) was adopted in the model group and the moxibustion group to establish the PD model; the operation manipulation in the sham-operation group was the same as the model group and the moxibustion group, and the same volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solutions was given by unilateral two-point injection. Moxibustion was adopted at "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Sishencong" (EX-HN 1) in the moxibustion group for 20 min, once a day, 6 times a week for 6 weeks. No intervention was given in the other 3 groups. Morphology of right mesencephalon substantia nigra was observed by HE staining, the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in right mesencephalon substantia nigra was detected by immunohistochemistry method, the expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in corpus striatum was detected by colorimetry method, and the expression of Nrf2 and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) proteins was detected by Western blot in the 4 groups. RESULTS: Clear tissue structure and complete dopaminergic neurons of right mesencephalon substantia nigra were observed in the blank group and the sham-operation group; unclear tissue structure, decreased and swelling dopaminergic neurons were observed in the model group; compared with the model group, more neurons were observed and the swelling of cyton was reduced in the moxibustion group. Compared with the sham-operation group, the expression of TH in right mesencephalon substantia nigra was decreased in the model group (P<0.01); compared with the model group, the expression of TH in right mesencephalon substantia nigra was increased in the moxibustion group (P<0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, the expression of ROS, MDA was increased (P<0.01), the expression of GSH, GSH-Px, Nrf2 and HO-1 was decreased in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05); compared with the model group, the expression of ROS, MDA was decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the expression of GSH, GSH-Px, Nrf2 and HO-1 was increased in the moxibustion group (P<0.05, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion can alleviate oxidative stress injury of nigrostriatal system in rats with Parkinson's disease by activating the Nrf2/ARE pathway, and protect the dopamine neurons.

13.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(8): 873-6, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869598

RESUMO

The creative viewpoint of SHENG Xie-sun, the master of Zhejiang school of Chinese medicine is introduced regarding the theories of acupuncture-moxibustion and acupoints. It is stated by master SHENG that the five-tissue needling methods are applicable not only for physical disorders, but also for zangfu disorders. Of these methods, the nearby bone needling method presents an instructive significance in treatment of pain disorder. The "reinforcing in the upper and reducing in the lower" needling method supplements the reinforcing and reducing theory of acupuncture. Master SHENG has put forward the theory of flexible selection of acupoint, the phenomenon of acupoint groups and the application of transverse acupoint composition, as well as the measures for intensifying needling induction, promoting qi regulation of acupuncture and improving clinical effect. Besides, the seven Chinese characters are used to summarize acupoint composition, meaning "main point, supplementary point, nearby point, corresponding point, back-shu point, front-mu point and extra point" separately. This creative viewpoint provides a clearer and more feasible mode in treatment with acupuncture-moxibustion and is instructive proactively in clinical practice.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882082

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Oral implants transmit biting forces to peri-implant bone. In turn, those forces subject peri-implant bone to mechanical stresses and strains. Here, our objective was to understand how peri-implant bone responded to conditions of normal versus hyper-loading in a mouse model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-six mice were randomly assigned to 2 groups; both groups underwent bilateral maxillary first molar extraction followed by complete healing. Titanium alloy implants were placed in healed sites and positioned below the occlusal plane. After osseointegration, a composite crown was affixed to the implant so masticatory loading would ensue. In controls, the remaining dentition was left intact but in the hyper-loaded (test) group, the remaining molars were extracted. 3D finite element analysis (FEA) calculated peri-implant strains resulting from normal and hyper-loading. Peri-implant tissues were analyzed at multiple time points using micro-computed tomography (µCT) imaging, histology, enzymatic assays of bone remodeling, and vital dye labeling to evaluate bone accrual. RESULTS: Compared to controls, hyper-loaded implants experienced a 3.6-fold increase in occlusal force, producing higher peri-implant strains. Bone formation and resorption were both significantly elevated around hyper-loaded implants, eventually culminating in a significant increase in peri-implant bone volume/total volume (BV/TV). In our mouse model, masticatory hyper-loading of an osseointegrated implant was associated with increased peri-implant strain, increased peri-implant bone remodeling, and a net gain in bone deposition. CONCLUSION: Hyper-loading results in bone strain with catabolic and anabolic bone responses, leading to a net gain in bone deposition.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926054

RESUMO

Ambient electrocatalytic N2 reduction reaction (NRR) provides an eco-friendly way for artificial NH3 production, while an efficient NRR process requires active and stable electrocatalysts. In this communication, we exploit the spinel ferrite NiFe2O4 as a promising NRR catalyst. The developed NiFe2O4 nanocubes/reduced graphene oxide (NiFe2O4/RGO) exhibited an appealing NRR performance with an NH3 yield of 32.2 µg h-1 mg-1 and a faradaic efficiency (FE) of 9.8% at -0.5 V (RHE), as well as a high catalytic durability. Mechanistic investigations revealed that the surface Fe atoms serve as key NRR active sites for favorable N2 adsorption and H+ suppression. These findings may facilitate the understanding and exploration of Earth-abundant spinel ferrite catalysts for electrochemical dinitrogen fixation.

16.
Vet Microbiol ; 248: 108827, 2020 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891955

RESUMO

Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) is a highly contagious intestinal infectious disease caused by porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), which is characterized by a high mortality rate in piglets. Since 2012, a remarkable growth in PED outbreaks occurred in many pig farms in China, landing a heavy blow on the pig industry. In order to develop a new effective vaccine for the current PEDV, oral vaccines were generated by transferring eukaryotic expression recombinant plasmids carrying the S1 and S2 (antigenic sites of the S protein) epitopes of PEDV into a swine-origin Lactobacillus acidophilus (L. acidophilus). After oral immunization of the BALB/c mice, higher levels of anti-PEDV specific IgG and SIgA antibodies and cellular immune responses were detected in mice orally administered with the recombinant L. acidophilus-S1 compared to the L. acidophilus-S2. Furthermore, L. acidophilus-S1 was used to inoculate the pregnant sows orally and the results showed that the recombinant L. acidophilus-S1 could elicit a specific systemic and mucosal immune response. In summary, our study demonstrated that oral immunization with L. acidophilus-S1 could improve the humoral and mucosal immune levels in sows and would be a promising candidate vaccine against PEDV infection in piglets.

17.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901624

RESUMO

In this study, the InSb/InSe heterostructure is systematically examined in terms of its electronic properties through first-principles calculations. According to our findings, the InSb/InSe heterostructure is a kind of unique direct band gap semiconductor, which has inherent type-II band alignment, resulting in significant photogenerated electron-hole pair separation in space. When the external electric field is applied, the Stark effect is observed in the band gap. Interestingly, in the application of the -0.3 V Å-1 electric field, such a heterostructure is transformed into type-I from type-II. Simultaneously, the band gap is also effectively controlled by uniaxial strain. In particular, high carrier mobility is obtained at a compressive strain of 4% on the Y-axis. To sum up, based on the results in the present work, the InSb/InSe heterostructure can be potentially used in nanoelectronic and optoelectronic devices.

18.
J Pediatr Urol ; 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919900

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of various minimally invasive procedures for 10-20 mm pediatric renal stones by Bayesian network meta-analysis (NWA). METHODS: We searched clinical comparative trials published in Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library from inception to 12 April 2020. Two researchers evaluated the quality and extracted data individually. Data was analyzed using STATA and GEMYC R package. RESULTS: The overall network meta-analytic outcome of stone free rate (SFR) in a single session revealed that Retrograde Intrarenal Stone Surgery (RIRS), miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPCNL) and PCNL showed superiority to extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL). Statistical significance was not detected between any intervention from our pooled network analysis of complication rate. SMP was the most likely to ranking in first place to render stone free status, and it also showed the lowest risk possibility of complications. Mini-PCNL had longer operation time and hospitalization than ESWL. The global and loop inconsistency evaluation demonstrated a rather acceptable outcome apart from the comparisons of complication rate between two randomized control studies. DISCUSSION: Herein, the authors reviewed and explored the optimal management pattern for pediatric 10-20 mm renal stones. This NWA revealed RIRS and mPCNL could render higher SFR without increasing risk of complications compared with ESWL. Although SMP was deemed to be the best choice in our study, the limited source of study and sample size implied the results required to be further validated. In addition, there were still some problems requiring to be underlined for various surgical options. CONCLUSIONS: ESWL was inferior to RIRS, mPCNL and PCNL for 10-20 mm pediatric renal stones, among which SMP might be the most ideal option associated with the least possibility of complications and the highest probability of stone clearance.

19.
World J Surg ; 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a new area of exploration and evolution in thoracic minimal invasive surgery. The uniportal VATS approach has become popular during lung resection for small nodules and ground glass lesions. Our objective is to investigate the efficacy, availability and safety of uniportal VATS anatomical segmentectomy compared with conventional VATS in patients for lung resection. METHODS: Surgical patients of perioperative period who admitted and underwent uniportal, two-port and conventional three-port VATS segmentectomy were analyzed and compared retrospectively during the year 2017 to 2018. RESULTS: During the research period, of 111 patients who had VATS anatomical segmentectomy, 38 underwent uniportal, 43 underwent two-port, and 30 underwent three-port VATS. Four patients underwent conversion to thoracotomy. There were no postoperative mortalities, and there were no significant differences among the three groups in surgical outcomes, including operative time, blood loss, conversions to thoracotomy, drainage time and volume, lymph node dissection, postoperative complications and hospital stay. The pain scores of visual analog scale (VAS) significantly decreased in uniportal group when operation is finished (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that uniportal VATS anatomical segmentectomy is a quite safe surgical technology, as well as feasible, which can cause reduced postoperative pain and less surgical trauma compared to conventional VATS. More experiences and observations of large samples are on the way.

20.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932277

RESUMO

A growing number of evidence has revealed that aberrantly expressed long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the development of a variety of malignancies, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the clinical relevance of most lncRNAs and their potential biological functions in CRC remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to identify the key lncRNAs related to patient prognosis as well as their biological function and underlying mechanism in CRC. Therefore, five independent datasets containing CRC and normal tissue RNA sequencing, microarray data and the corresponding clinical data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Gene Expression Omnibus were screened. Hundreds of significantly differentially expressed lncRNAs in CRC were determined, and Kaplan-Meier analyses revealed that some of these lncRNAs were related to the overall survival and progression-free survival of patients with CRC, such as RP11-108K3.2, FOXD3-AS1, H19 and AP001469.9. Among these dysregulated lncRNAs, LINC02163 and FEZF1-AS1 were significantly upregulated in CRC tissues, suggesting that they may have oncogenic roles in CRC. Furthermore, loss of function assays revealed that downregulation of LINC02163 and FEZF1-AS1 impaired CRC cell proliferation. In addition, RNA Immunoprecipitation and Chromatin Immunoprecipitation assays determined that FEZF1-AS1 regulates CRC cell growth via interacting with LSD1 and repressing KLF2 expression. Collectively, hundreds of dysregulated lncRNAs and their associated biological roles identified in this study may provide potentially useful biomarkers and therapeutic targets for CRC.

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