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1.
Adv Mater ; : e2108560, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35048436

RESUMO

Energy harvesting modules play an increasingly important role in the development of autonomous self-powered microelectronic devices. MXenes (i.e., 2D transition metal carbide/nitride) have recently emerged as promising candidates for energy applications due to their excellent electronic conductivity, large specific surface area, and tunable properties. Herein, a perspective on using MXenes to harvest energy from various sources in the environment is presented. First, the characteristics of MXenes that facilitate energy capturing are systematically introduced and the preparation strategies of MXenes and their derived nanostructures tailored toward such applications are summarized. Subsequently, the harvesting mechanism of different energy sources (e.g., solar energy, thermoelectric energy, triboelectric energy, piezoelectric energy, salinity-gradient energy, electrokinetic energy, ultrasound energy, and humidity energy) are discussed. Then, the recent progress of MXene-based nanostructures in energy harvesting, as well as their applications, is introduced. Finally, opinions on the existing challenges and future directions of MXene-based nanostructure for energy harvesting are presented.

2.
Adv Mater ; 34(4): e2106937, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752665

RESUMO

Aqueous zinc-ion batteries are regarded as ideal candidates for stationary energy-storage systems due to their low cost and high safety. However, zinc can readily grow into dendrites, leading to limited cycling performance and quick failure of the batteries. Herein, a novel strategy is proposed to mitigate this dendrite problem, in which a selectively polarized ferroelectric polymer material (poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE))) is employed as a surface protective layer on zinc anodes. Such a polarized ferroelectric polymer layer can enable a locally concentrated zinc-ion distribution along the coated surface and thus enable the horizontal growth of zinc plates. As a result, symmetrical zinc batteries using such anodes exhibit long cycling lifespan at 0.2 mA cm-2 , 0.2 mAh cm-2 for 2000 h, and a high rate performance up to 15 mA cm-2 . Also, the full cell (including a Zn-MnO2 battery and a zinc-ion capacitor) based on this anode is demonstrated. This work provides a novel strategy to protect the zinc anode and even other metal anodes exploiting polymer ferroelectricity.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(45): 19178-19186, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739750

RESUMO

Ammonium ions (NH4+), as non-metallic charge carriers, have spurred great research interest in the realm of aqueous batteries. Unfortunately, most inorganic host materials used in these batteries are still limited by the sluggish diffusion kinetics. Here, we report a unique hydrogen bond chemistry to employ covalent organic frameworks (COFs) for NH4+ ion storage, which achieves a high capacity of 220.4 mAh g-1 at a current density of 0.5 A g-1. Combining the theoretical simulation and materials analysis, a universal mechanism for the reaction of nitrogen and oxygen bridged by hydrogen bonds is revealed. In addition, we explain the solvation behavior of NH4+, leading to a relationship between redox potential and desolvation energy barrier. This work provides a new insight into NH4+ ion storage in host materials based on hydrogen bond chemistry. This mechanism can be leveraged to design and develop COFs for electrochemical energy storage.

4.
Adv Mater ; 32(33): e2003425, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32656930

RESUMO

Zinc metal anode has garnered a great deal of scientific and technological interest. Nevertheless, major bottlenecks restricting its large-scale utilization lie in the poor electrochemical stability and unsatisfactory cycling life. Herein, a Janus separator is developed via directly growing vertical graphene (VG) carpet on one side of commercial glass fiber separator throughout chemical vapor deposition. A simple air plasma treatment further renders the successful incorporation of oxygen and nitrogen heteroatoms on bare graphene. Thus-derived 3D VG scaffold affording large surface area and porous structure can be viewed as a continuation of planar zinc anode. In turn, the Janus separator harvests homogenous electric field distribution and lowered local current density at the interface of the anode/electrolyte, as well as harnesses favorable zincophilic feature for building-up uniform Zn ionic flux. Such a separator engineering enables an impressive rate and cycle performance (93% over 5000 cycles at 5 A g-1 ) for Zn-ion hybrid capacitors and outstanding energy density (182 Wh kg-1 ) for V2 O5 //Zn batteries, respectively. This strategy with large scalability and cost-effectiveness represents a universal route to protect prevailing metal anodes (Zn, Na, K) in rechargeable batteries.

5.
ACS Nano ; 14(1): 867-876, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898892

RESUMO

3D printing technology has stimulated a burgeoning interest to fabricate customized architectures in a facile and scalable manner targeting wide ranged energy storage applications. Nevertheless, 3D-printed hybrid capacitor devices synergizing favorable energy/power density have not yet been explored thus far. Herein, we demonstrate a 3D-printed sodium-ion hybrid capacitor (SIC) based on nitrogen-doped MXene (N-Ti3C2Tx) anode and activated carbon cathode. N-Ti3C2Tx affording a well-defined porous structure and uniform nitrogen doping can be obtained via a sacrificial template method. Thus-formulated ink can be directly printed to form electrode architecture without the request of a conventional current collector. The 3D-printed SICs, with a large areal mass loading up to 15.2 mg cm-2, can harvest an areal energy/power density of 1.18 mWh cm-2/40.15 mW cm-2, outperforming the state-of-the-art 3D-printed energy storage devices. Furthermore, our SIC also achieves a gravimetric energy/power density of 101.6 Wh kg-1/3269 W kg-1. This work demonstrates that the 3D printing technology is versatile enough to construct emerging energy storage systems reconciling high energy and power density.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4913, 2019 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664025

RESUMO

Wearable and portable self-powered units have stimulated considerable attention in both the scientific and technological realms. However, their innovative development is still limited by inefficient bulky connections between functional modules, incompatible energy storage systems with poor cycling stability, and real safety concerns. Herein, we demonstrate a flexible solar-charging integrated unit based on the design of printed magnesium ion aqueous asymmetric supercapacitors. This power unit exhibits excellent mechanical robustness, high photo-charging cycling stability (98.7% capacitance retention after 100 cycles), excellent overall energy conversion and storage efficiency (ηoverall = 17.57%), and outstanding input current tolerance. In addition, the Mg ion quasi-solid-state asymmetric supercapacitors show high energy density up to 13.1 mWh cm-3 via pseudocapacitive ion storage as investigated by an operando X-ray diffraction technique. The findings pave a practical route toward the design of future self-powered systems affording favorable safety, long life, and high energy.

7.
ACS Nano ; 13(11): 13235-13243, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31652045

RESUMO

Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are recognized as one of the most promising energy storage systems due to the high energy density and cost effectiveness. However, their practical implementation has still been handicapped due to notorious lithium polysulfide (LiPS) shuttle and depressed sulfur redox kinetics. It is therefore desirable to exploit key mediators synergizing electrical conductivity and electrocatalytic activity for the cathode. Herein, we report the employment of atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition to harness the efficient and controllable synthesis of metallic VTe2 over particulated MgO substrates, which has scarcely been demonstrated by conventional wet-chemical synthetic routes thus far. The thus-derived VTe2@MgO heterostructure as an efficient promotor enables effective regulation of LiPSs with respect to polysulfide capture/conversion and Li2S decomposition. As a result, a S/VTe2@MgO cathode with a sulfur loading of 1.6 mg cm-2 harvests long-term cyclability with a negligible capacity decay of 0.055% per cycle over 1000 cycles at 1.0 C. Even at a sulfur loading of 6.9 mg cm-2, the cathode still delivers electrochemical performances that can rival the state-of-the-art high-loading counterparts. Our work might offer a feasible solution for developing heterostructured promotors with multifunctionality and electrocatalytic activity for high-performance Li-S batteries.

8.
ACS Nano ; 13(7): 7517-7526, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150583

RESUMO

Mass production of graphene powders affording high quality and environmental benignancy serves as a prerequisite for the practical usage of graphene in multiple energy storage applications. Herein, we exploit a salt-templated CVD approach to harness the direct synthesis of nitrogen-doped graphene (NG) nanosheets and related ink dispersions in a scalable, safe, efficient, and green fashion. Thus-fabricated NG accompanying large productivity, excellent electrical conductivity, and favorable solution processability possesses implications in printable energy storage devices. With the NG-based ink in hand, self-standing 3D architectures with programmable patterns can be directly printed over a myriad of substrates. Accordingly, both electrode preparation for flexible supercapacitors and separator modification in Li-S batteries can be enabled via printing by employing our NG-based composite inks. This work thus represents a practical route for mass production of graphene inks with cost-effectiveness and eco-friendliness for emerging energy storage technology.

9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(9): 1291-1294, 2019 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30633252

RESUMO

An innovative photo-enhanced aqueous redox battery (PEARB) built upon a simple two-electrode configuration is demonstrated. The synergy of the photo-cathode and battery-anode is realized by directly growing vertically oriented SnS2 arrays on Ti mesh, manifesting advanced photo-electrocatalytic activities. The assembled PEARB achieves 2.5-fold capacity enhancement under solar illumination.

10.
ACS Nano ; 12(10): 10240-10250, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30204407

RESUMO

The practical application of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries is hindered by their poor cycling stabilities that primarily stem from the "shuttle" of dissolved lithium polysulfides. Here, we develop a nepenthes-like N-doped hierarchical graphene (NHG)-based separator to realize an efficient polysulfide scavenger for Li-S batteries. The 3D textural porous NHG architectures are realized by our designed biotemplating chemical vapor deposition (CVD) approach via the employment of naturally abundant diatomite as the growth substrate. Benefiting from the high surface area, devious inner-channel structure, and abundant nitrogen doping of CVD-grown NHG frameworks, the derived separator favorably synergizes bifunctionality of physical confinement and chemical immobilization toward polysulfides, accompanied by smooth lithium ion diffusions. Accordingly, the batteries with the NHG-based separator delivers an initial capacity of 868 mAh g-1 with an average capacity decay of only 0.067% per cycle at 2 C for 800 cycles. A capacity of 805 mAh g-1 can further be achieved at a high sulfur loading of ∼7.2 mg cm-2. The present study demonstrates the potential in constructing high-energy and long-life Li-S batteries upon separator modification.

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