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1.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 36, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mediastinal teratoma is a rare disease, many cases were reported before, but few articles focus on large case analyses. The objective of this article is to summarize the clinical characteristics of benign mediastinal teratoma and the experience of surgical treatment, especially thoracoscopic surgery for benign mediastinal teratoma. METHODS: The clinical data of 108 patients with benign mediastinal teratoma confirmed by operation and pathology from January 1992 to January 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical symptoms, imaging examination, surgical methods and prognosis of all patients were analyzed. We compared the difference of thoracoscopic surgery and thoracotomy surgery using 102 patients underwent only chest surgery. Normally distributed continuous variables were compared by independent sample t test. Categorical variables were analyzed by chi-square test. RESULTS: Imaging examination showed that all 108 cases of mediastinal teratoma were located in the anterior region of mediastinum. All cases underwent surgical resection, postoperative pathology confirmed that all cases were benign. 1 case was taken simple neck collar incision, 5 case was taken median thoracotomy combined with neck incision, other 102 cases were taken thoracoscopic surgery (22) or thoracotomy surgery (80). 4 cases were treated with partial pericardial resection due to adhesions, 12 cases underwent partial pericardial resection, 5 cases underwent lobectomy, 9 cases underwent wedge resection of lobe, and 2 patients underwent anonymous vein angioplasty. 1 case underwent second operation because of postoperative bleeding, 1 case of chylothorax, 1 case of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, 2 cases of wound infection, 1 case of secondary pulmonary infection. 106 cases were followed up, period from 12 months to 10 years, no recurrence of tumor was found. Comparing to take thoracotomy surgery, patients underwent thoracoscopic surgery has strong advantage on intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay days after surgery (P < 0.05). tumor maximum diameter is larger for thoracotomy surgery group, as well as more patients suffer estimated adhesions from preoperative imaging. so we compared above parameters in patients with tumor diameter less than 10 cm with or without estimated adhesions from preoperative imaging, a strong advantage still can be found in thoracoscopic surgery group, inpatients with estimated adhesions from preoperative imaging, intraoperative blood loss (38.75 ± 15.53 vs 169.17 ± 208.82., P = 0.04) and hospital stay days after surgery (5.50 ± 0.93 vs 9.43 ± 6.54., P = 0.04) were better. In patients without estimated adhesions from preoperative imaging, intraoperative blood loss (46.67 ± 10.00 vs 110.53 ± 123.13., P = 0.06) and hospital stay days after surgery (4.70 ± 1.16 vs 7.53 ± 2.32., P = 0.01) were better. Especially, in thoracoscopic surgery group, hospital stay days after surgery was significantly shorter. CONCLUSION: The clinical manifestations and imaging performance of benign mediastinal teratoma were complicated, and the surgical treatment was effective. Compared with traditional thoracotomy surgery, thoracoscopic surgery can improve patients' quality of life, less intraoperative blood loss, and less hospital stay days after surgery, so if condition is permitted, thoracoscopic surgery should be a better choice.

2.
Cancer Cell Int ; 19: 258, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624471

RESUMO

Background: Non-small-cell lung cancer (lung cancer) has become one of the leading causes worldwide and the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. The transcriptional factor Kruppel like factor 8 (KLF8) is involved in the initiation, progression, transformation, and metastasis of diverse cancers. However, the roles of KLF8 in human non-small cell lung cancer remain unknown. Methods: CCK-8 kit and colony formation assay were performed to determine the cell growth of lung cancer cells. Flow cytometry analysis was used to evaluate apoptosis and cell cycle of lung cancer cells. Luciferase reporter assay was used to examine the activation of JMJD2A promoter by KLF8. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay was performed to evaluate the binding of KLF8 to JMJD2A promoter. Western blot and polymerase chain reaction were applied to analyze the expression of interested genes. Results: The mRNA and protein levels of KLF8 in human non-small cell lung cancer tissues were overexpressed compared with the non-cancer tissues. KLF8 was knocked down with lentivirus-mediated short-hairpin RNA (shRNA) in human lung cancer cells (A549 and H1299 cells). The phenotypic results showed that KLF8 knockdown decreased the proliferation rate and colony formation of lung cancer cells. By contrast, lentivirus-mediated KLF8 overexpression promoted the growth of lung cancer cells (A549 and H1299 cells) and non-cancerous bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B. Next, we showed that KLF8 regulated cell cycle at the G0 phase but not regulates cellular apoptosis of lung cancer cells. KLF8 regulated the expression of the cell cycle regulators P21 and CDK4 in a JMJD2A-dependent manner and JMJD2A knockdown significantly blocked the functions of KLF8 in regulating cell cycle and proliferation of lung cancer cells. Finally, we observed that KLF8 bound the promoter of JMJD2A and facilitated the expression of JMJD2A. Conclusions: Our evidence demonstrated that KLF8 upregulation in human lung cancer promotes the cell proliferation and colony formation of lung cancer cells. KLF8 binds to the promoter of JMJD2A and subsequently regulates the expression of P21 and CDK4, which contributes to the regulation of cell cycle by KLF8. KLF8 may serve as a target for the treatment of human lung cancer.

3.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 14(1): 113, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extralobar sequestration is a rare congenital malformation of lung tissue, which can be combined with other foregut and cardiac abnormalities. Our case is the first to report extralobar sequestration, absence of pericardium and atrial septal defect in the same patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-year-old female with atrial septal defect came for her recent atypical symptom of intermittent palpitation and shortness of breath. Her computed tomography showed a cystic mass located in left superior anterior mediastinum near the pulmonary trunk. With specious of cystic teratoma prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, she finally was diagnosed as extralobar sequestration, while incidentally found with congenital absence of pericardium during surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Extralobar sequestration, absence of pericardium and atrial septal defect can occur in the same patient. The preoperative diagnostic rate of extralobar sequestration and asymptomatic absence of pericardium remains low attributed to atypical imaging features. A cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is highly recommended if necessary. Regular follow-up is essential to asymptomatic absence of pericardium and atrial septal defect patients. To patients with extralobar sequestration, an operation could be performed.


Assuntos
Sequestro Broncopulmonar/diagnóstico , Comunicação Interatrial/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Mediastino/diagnóstico , Pericárdio/anormalidades , Teratoma/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico por imagem , Anormalidades Múltiplas/cirurgia , Sequestro Broncopulmonar/complicações , Sequestro Broncopulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Sequestro Broncopulmonar/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Comunicação Interatrial/complicações , Comunicação Interatrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias do Mediastino/complicações , Neoplasias do Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Mediastino/cirurgia , Teratoma/complicações , Teratoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Teratoma/cirurgia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
4.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 4983, 2019 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30899079

RESUMO

A 3D ITO nanowire network with high quality by using polystyrene as an assisted material has been prepared, demonstrating superior optoelectronic performances with a sheet resistance of 193 Ω/sq at 96% transmission. Both remarkable flexibility tested under bending stress and excellent adhesion applied on special terrain substrate have been achieved. This method has led to a full coverage of micro-holes at a depth of 18 µm and a bottom spacing of only 1 µm, as well as a perfect gap-free coverage for micro-tubes and pyramid array. It has been proved that this 3D ITO nanowire network can be used as a transparent conductive layer for optoelectronic devices with any topography surface. Through the application on the micro-holes, -tubes and -pyramid array, some new characteristics of the 3D ITO nanowires in solar cells, sensors, micro-lasers and flexible LEDs have been found. Such 3D ITO nanowire networks could be fabricated directly on micro-irregular substrates, which will greatly promote the application of the heterotypic devices.

5.
Opt Express ; 26(2): 1817-1824, 2018 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29402050

RESUMO

We demonstrated a method to obtain super flexible LEDs, based on high quality pyramid arrays grown directly on sapphire substrates. Laser lift-off (LLO) and dual transfer processes were applied to transfer pyramid arrays face up onto the flexible substrates, which is more efficient than back light emission. Ag grid and Ag nanowires were employed as the electrical connection. No significant performance reduction appeared until the device reached a curvature radius of 0.5 mm. The performance reduction results from cracks appearing at the junction of the Ag grid, which can be improved by replacing the Ag grid with a strip electrode.

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